CN103949568A - Metal rubber blank weaving equipment and special cover plate mechanism - Google Patents

Metal rubber blank weaving equipment and special cover plate mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103949568A
CN103949568A CN201410190583.9A CN201410190583A CN103949568A CN 103949568 A CN103949568 A CN 103949568A CN 201410190583 A CN201410190583 A CN 201410190583A CN 103949568 A CN103949568 A CN 103949568A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
auxiliary
plate
cover plate
horizontal
vertical
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CN201410190583.9A
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CN103949568B (en
Inventor
白鸿柏
路纯红
李冬伟
曹凤利
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Ordnance Engineering College of PLA
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Ordnance Engineering College of PLA
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Priority to CN201410190583.9A priority Critical patent/CN103949568B/en
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Publication of CN103949568B publication Critical patent/CN103949568B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses metal rubber blank weaving equipment and a special cover plate mechanism. The weaving equipment comprises a frame, wherein a constant-pitch stretching mechanism, a thread arranging mechanism, an auxiliary hook, the cover plate mechanism, a crochet hook mechanism, a horizontal auxiliary mechanism, a horizontal sliding chute plate, a vertical auxiliary mechanism, a vertical sliding chute plate, a rolling-up mechanism and a control mechanism are mounted on the frame; the constant-pitch stretching mechanism is used for stretching dense metal-wire spiral threads; the thread arranging mechanism is used for arranging the stretched metal-wire spiral threads onto crochet hooks; the auxiliary hook is used for starting the first line of a spiral thread mesh; the cover plate mechanism, the crochet hook mechanism, the horizontal auxiliary mechanism, the horizontal sliding chute plate, the vertical auxiliary mechanism and the vertical sliding chute plate are used for weaving the spiral threads into the spiral thread mesh; the rolling-up mechanism is used for rolling up the woven spiral thread mesh into a roll; the control system is used for controlling operation of the constant-pitch stretching mechanism, the thread arranging mechanism, the cover plate mechanism, the crochet hook mechanism, the horizontal auxiliary mechanism, the vertical auxiliary mechanism and the rolling-up mechanism so as to perform constant-pitch stretching on the dense metal-wire spiral threads and then control the weaving process of the spiral threads. The weaving equipment can greatly improve the hooking and connecting strength of metal wires in the metal rubber.

Description

Metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus and special cover plate mechanism for auto
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of equipment for the preparation of metal-rubber blank, specifically a kind of numerical control full-automatic metal rubber blank braiding apparatus.
Background technology
Metal-rubber is a kind of novel elastic damping material, by the fine wire of the different trades mark and string diameter through taenidium coiling, taenidium constant pitch stretch, the series of process such as blank preparation, cold stamping shaped, post processing is prepared from.This material, under load, rubs between wire helix, slippage, extruding phenomenon, and a large amount of vibrational energy that can dissipate has the physical and mechanical properties of high resiliency, large damping characteristic and metal excellence as rubber, thereby gains the name.Metal-rubber has non-volatile in a vacuum, do not fear radiation environment, resistance to high/low temperature, corrosion-resistant, the fatigue aging life-span is long, the significant advantage such as can preserve for a long time, be the best substitute of rubber under particular surroundings, has broad application prospects in the vibration reduction and cushioning such as Aero-Space, advanced technological arms field.At present, in metal-rubber preparation process, generally adopt helix winding process to prepare blank, this technique is applicable to preparation and has stock size and the simple metal-rubber member of configuration, and for the larger thin-wall shaft sleeve metalloid rubber component of axial dimension, prepare blank as still adopted helix winding process, bring difficulty not only can to follow-up stamping Die Design and punch forming process, and due between metal-rubber inner wire helix to link intensity poor, cause the metal-rubber member after punch forming very easily to occur delamination splitting phenomenon, have a strong impact on Forming Quality and the technical performance of goods, percent defective is high, greatly reduce service life.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention will provide a kind of metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus and special cover plate mechanism for auto exactly, this equipment can be realized and close circle wire helix is carried out to constant pitch accurately stretch, and the helix after stretching is carried out to the degree of depth link braiding and form wire spiral gauze sheet, thereby that improves wire helix links intensity, the technical problem of preparing to solve thin-wall shaft sleeve metalloid rubber component.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
Metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus, includes the frame for the each assembly of equipment is installed and supported; In frame, be provided with:
For the constant pitch drawing mechanism that close circle wire helix is carried out to constant pitch stretching;
For the wire helix after stretching is arranged in to the wiring mechanism on crochet hook;
For the auxiliary hook that spiral gauze sheet the first row is started;
For being woven, described helix forms cover plate mechanism for auto, latch needle mechanism, horizontal auxiliary body, horizontal concrete chute plate, vertical auxiliary body and the vertical coulisse of spiral gauze sheet; And
Be used for the rolling-up mechanism of the spiral gauze sheet coiling of knitting forming;
Wherein,
Described cover plate mechanism for auto includes: the linear module of cover plate mechanism for auto, cover plate mechanism for auto installing plate, cover plate mechanism for auto cushion block, cover plate mechanism for auto linking arm, cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate and cover plate; The linear module of described cover plate mechanism for auto is arranged on described frame horizontal operation table top by described cover plate mechanism for auto installing plate; Described cover plate is arranged on by cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate, cover plate mechanism for auto linking arm, cover plate mechanism for auto cushion block on the slide block of the linear module of described cover plate mechanism for auto; The slide block of the linear module of described cover plate mechanism for auto does reciprocating linear motion, and drives described cover plate to do reciprocating linear motion in described horizontal concrete chute plate;
Described horizontal auxiliary body includes: the linear module of horizontal auxiliary body, horizontal auxiliary body installing plate, horizontal auxiliary body linking arm, horizontal auxiliary body connecting plate and horizontal auxiliary push-rod; The linear module of described horizontal auxiliary body is arranged on described frame horizontal operation table top by described horizontal auxiliary body installing plate; Described horizontal auxiliary push-rod is arranged on by horizontal auxiliary body connecting plate, horizontal auxiliary body linking arm on the slide block of the linear module of described horizontal auxiliary body; The slide block of the linear module of described horizontal auxiliary body does reciprocating linear motion, and drives described horizontal auxiliary push-rod to do reciprocating linear motion in described horizontal concrete chute plate;
Described vertical auxiliary body includes: the linear module of vertical auxiliary body, vertical auxiliary body installing plate, vertical auxiliary body cushion block, vertical auxiliary body linking arm, vertical auxiliary body connecting plate and vertical assistant ejector pin; The linear module of described vertical auxiliary body is vertically arranged on described frame front by described vertical auxiliary body installing plate; Described vertical assistant ejector pin is arranged on the slide block of the linear module of described vertical auxiliary body by vertical auxiliary body connecting plate, vertical auxiliary body linking arm, vertical auxiliary body cushion block; The slide block of the linear module of described vertical auxiliary body does reciprocating linear motion, and drives described vertical assistant ejector pin to do reciprocating linear motion in described vertical coulisse.
In described metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus, described wiring mechanism includes: the linear module of wiring mechanism, wiring mechanism installing plate, wiring mechanism support, cloth thread casing, support set and locking nut; The linear module of described wiring mechanism is arranged on described frame top crossbeam by described wiring mechanism installing plate; Described wiring mechanism support is arranged on the slide block of the linear module of described wiring mechanism; Described cloth thread casing is connected on described wiring mechanism support by described locking nut and support set, and the wire helix after described constant pitch drawing mechanism stretches passes from described cloth thread casing; The slide block of the linear module of described wiring mechanism does reciprocating linear motion, and by described cloth thread casing, the wire helix after stretching is arranged on described crochet hook.
In described metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus, described auxiliary hook includes: auxiliary crochet hook, pressing plate and frid; Described auxiliary crochet hook is fixed on frid by pressing plate and pan head screw.
In described metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus, described latch needle mechanism includes: the linear module of latch needle mechanism, latch needle mechanism installing plate, latch needle mechanism cushion block, latch needle mechanism linking arm, latch needle mechanism connecting plate and crochet hook; The linear module of described latch needle mechanism is arranged on described frame horizontal operation table top by described latch needle mechanism installing plate; Described crochet hook is arranged on by latch needle mechanism connecting plate, latch needle mechanism linking arm, latch needle mechanism cushion block on the slide block of the linear module of described latch needle mechanism; The slide block of the linear module of described latch needle mechanism does reciprocating linear motion, and drives described crochet hook to do reciprocating linear motion in described horizontal concrete chute plate.
In described metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus, described horizontal auxiliary body includes: the linear module of horizontal auxiliary body, horizontal auxiliary body installing plate, horizontal auxiliary body linking arm, horizontal auxiliary body connecting plate and horizontal auxiliary push-rod; The linear module of described horizontal auxiliary body is arranged on described frame horizontal operation table top by described horizontal auxiliary body installing plate; Described horizontal auxiliary push-rod is arranged on by horizontal auxiliary body connecting plate, horizontal auxiliary body linking arm on the slide block of the linear module of described horizontal auxiliary body; The slide block of the linear module of described horizontal auxiliary body does reciprocating linear motion, and drives described horizontal auxiliary push-rod to do reciprocating linear motion in described horizontal concrete chute plate.
In described metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus, described horizontal concrete chute plate is the flat board with some chutes that are parallel to each other, and it has longitudinally been evenly arranged cover plate chute, crochet hook chute and horizontal auxiliary push-rod chute; Wherein, longitudinal plane of symmetry of crochet hook chute overlaps with the longitudinal plane of symmetry of cover plate chute, is positioned at cover plate chute inside, and horizontal auxiliary push-rod chute and cover plate chute are alternately evenly distributed; Described horizontal concrete chute front edge of board both sides have also been arranged symmetrically with locating slot; Described horizontal concrete chute plate is fixed by screws in described frame horizontal table front portion; Described vertical coulisse is the flat board with some chutes that are parallel to each other, and has longitudinally been evenly arranged vertical assistant ejector pin chute; Described vertical coulisse is the bottom at described horizontal concrete chute plate by screw fastening.
In described metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus, described vertical auxiliary body includes: the linear module of vertical auxiliary body, vertical auxiliary body installing plate, vertical auxiliary body cushion block, vertical auxiliary body linking arm, vertical auxiliary body connecting plate and vertical assistant ejector pin; The linear module of described vertical auxiliary body is vertically arranged on described frame front by described vertical auxiliary body installing plate; Described vertical assistant ejector pin is arranged on the slide block of the linear module of described vertical auxiliary body by vertical auxiliary body connecting plate, vertical auxiliary body linking arm, vertical auxiliary body cushion block; The slide block of the linear module of described vertical auxiliary body does reciprocating linear motion, and drives described vertical assistant ejector pin to do reciprocating linear motion in described vertical coulisse.
In described metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus, described rolling-up mechanism includes: guide roller, coiling motor, shaft coupling, active clamp shaft, passive clamp shaft, belt pulley, wireline reel and coiling arm; Described guide roller is installed on described active clamp shaft and passive clamp shaft front end by support, leads for the spiral gauze sheet to knitting forming, is sent between described active clamp shaft and passive clamp shaft; Described coiling motor connects with described active clamp shaft by described shaft coupling, drives described active clamp shaft rotation; Described wireline reel is arranged in described frame by described coiling arm, and described active clamp shaft drives described wireline reel rotation by described belt pulley.
In described metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus, described constant pitch drawing mechanism includes: guide roller, damper, damping wheel, damping contact roller, active release silk worm gear, driven wire wheel and stretching motor; Described damping wheel is arranged on the output shaft of described damper; Described active release silk worm gear is arranged on described stretching motor output shaft.
The special cover plate mechanism for auto of a kind of metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus, its structure includes: the linear module of cover plate mechanism for auto, cover plate mechanism for auto installing plate, cover plate mechanism for auto cushion block, cover plate mechanism for auto linking arm, cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate and cover plate; The linear module of described cover plate mechanism for auto is arranged on described frame horizontal operation table top by described cover plate mechanism for auto installing plate; Described cover plate is arranged on by cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate, cover plate mechanism for auto linking arm, cover plate mechanism for auto cushion block on the slide block of the linear module of described cover plate mechanism for auto; The slide block of the linear module of described cover plate mechanism for auto drives described cover plate to do reciprocating linear motion.
Metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus of the present invention is also provided with the operation for controlling described constant pitch drawing mechanism, wiring mechanism, cover plate mechanism for auto, latch needle mechanism, horizontal auxiliary body, vertical auxiliary body and rolling-up mechanism, thereby close circle wire helix is carried out to constant pitch stretching, then the control system that helix braiding process is controlled.
The present invention carries out constant pitch stretching by control system control constant pitch drawing mechanism to close circle wire helix, control cover plate mechanism for auto, latch needle mechanism, horizontal auxiliary body and the collaborative work of vertical auxiliary body simultaneously, wire helix is carried out to the degree of depth and link braiding formation spiral gauze sheet, control rolling-up mechanism by the spiral gauze sheet coiling of knitting forming, thereby complete the preparation of metal-rubber blank.The present invention has realized and close circle wire helix is carried out to constant pitch has accurately stretched, and the helix after stretching is carried out the degree of depth and links braiding and form the Automatic Control of metal-rubber blank, solve on the one hand the technical barrier that the wire helix degree of depth with strong interference effect links braiding, on the other hand, adopt this through the helix degree of depth link braiding form spiral gauze sheet as metal-rubber blank for the preparation of metal-rubber member, can make the intensity that links between metal-rubber inner wire helix increase substantially, having solved thin-wall shaft sleeve metalloid rubber component causes Forming Quality poor because of delamination splitting, can not meet the technical barrier of serviceability and technical indicator, percent defective reduces greatly.The present invention is applicable to the close circle wire helix in various string diameters and spring footpath and prepares metal-rubber blank.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is constant pitch drawing mechanism structural representation;
Fig. 5 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the B-B cutaway view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is wiring mechanism structural representation;
Fig. 8 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is auxiliary hook structure schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is the complete section top view of Fig. 9;
Figure 11 is the complete section left view of Fig. 9;
Figure 12 is horizontal concrete chute plate structure schematic diagram;
Figure 13 is the top view of Figure 12;
Figure 14 is that the A-A of Figure 12 cuts open enlarged drawing;
Figure 15 is that the B-B of Figure 12 cuts open enlarged drawing;
Figure 16 is vertical coulisse structural representation;
The A-A cutaway view of Figure 17 Figure 16;
The B-B cutaway view of Figure 18 Figure 16;
Figure 19 is cover plate mechanism for auto structural representation;
Figure 20 is the partial enlarged drawing of Figure 19;
Figure 21 is the top view of Figure 19;
Figure 22 is latch needle mechanism structural representation;
Figure 23 is the partial enlarged drawing of Figure 22;
Figure 24 is the top view of Figure 22;
Figure 25 is horizontal auxiliary body structural representation;
Figure 26 is the partial enlarged drawing of Figure 25;
Figure 27 is the top view of Figure 25;
Figure 28 is vertical auxiliary body structural representation;
Figure 29 is the partial enlarged drawing of Figure 28;
Figure 30 is the top view of Figure 28;
Figure 31 is rolling-up mechanism structural representation;
Figure 32 is the left view of Figure 31.
In figure: 1, constant pitch drawing mechanism; 1-1, guide roller; 1-2, damper; 1-3, damping wheel; 1-4, damping contact roller; 1-5, hold down gag; 1-6, active release silk worm gear; 1-7, driven wire wheel; 1-8, stretching motor; 2, wiring mechanism; 2-1, the linear module of wiring mechanism; 2-2, wiring mechanism installing plate; 2-3, wiring mechanism support; 2-4, cloth thread casing; 2-5, support set; 2-6, locking nut; 3, auxiliary hook; 3-1, auxiliary crochet hook; 3-2, pressing plate; 3-3, frid; 4, horizontal concrete chute plate; 4-1, cover plate chute; 4-2, crochet hook chute; 4-3, horizontal auxiliary push-rod chute; 4-4, locating slot; 5, vertical coulisse; 6, cover plate mechanism for auto; 6-1, the linear module of cover plate mechanism for auto; 6-2, cover plate mechanism for auto installing plate; 6-3, cover plate mechanism for auto cushion block; 6-4, cover plate mechanism for auto linking arm; 6-5, cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate; 6-6, cover plate; 7, latch needle mechanism; 7-1, the linear module of latch needle mechanism; 7-2, latch needle mechanism installing plate; 7-3, latch needle mechanism cushion block; 7-4, latch needle mechanism linking arm; 7-5, latch needle mechanism connecting plate; 7-6, crochet hook; 8, horizontal auxiliary body; 8-1, the linear module of horizontal auxiliary body; 8-2, horizontal auxiliary body installing plate; 8-3, horizontal auxiliary body linking arm; 8-4, horizontal auxiliary body connecting plate; 8-5, horizontal auxiliary push-rod; 9, vertical auxiliary body; 9-1, the linear module of vertical auxiliary body; 9-2, vertical auxiliary body installing plate; 9-3, vertical auxiliary body cushion block; 9-4, vertical auxiliary body linking arm; 9-5, vertical auxiliary body connecting plate; 9-6, vertical assistant ejector pin; 10, rolling-up mechanism; 10-1, guide roller; 10-2, coiling motor; 10-3, shaft coupling; 10-4, active clamp shaft; 10-5, passive clamp shaft; 10-6, belt pulley; 10-7, wireline reel; 10-8, coiling arm; 11, control system; 11-1, touch-screen; 12, frame.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 3, the present invention includes constant pitch drawing mechanism 1, wiring mechanism 2, auxiliary hook 3(does not show), horizontal concrete chute plate 4, vertical coulisse 5, cover plate mechanism for auto 6, latch needle mechanism 7, horizontal auxiliary body 8, vertical auxiliary body 9, rolling-up mechanism 10, control system 11 and frame 12.
As shown in Fig. 4 ~ Fig. 6, constant pitch drawing mechanism 1 includes: guide roller 1-1, damper 1-2, damping wheel 1-3, damping contact roller 1-4, hold down gag 1-5, active release silk worm gear 1-6, driven wire wheel 1-7 and stretching motor 1-8.
Close circle wire helix is sent into constant pitch drawing mechanism 1 by guide roller 1-1, under the control of control system 11, coordinates with wiring mechanism 2, and the constant pitch of realizing close circle wire helix stretches.
Damping wheel 1-3 is arranged on damper 1-2 output shaft, close circle wire helix is through guide roller 1-1, and pass, and then be admitted to wiring mechanism 2 after through active release silk worm gear 1-6 and driven wire wheel 1-7 between damping wheel 1-3 and damping contact roller 1-4.The effect of damping contact roller 1-4 is to provide certain pressure to wire helix, it is pressed on damping wheel 1-3, ensure that damping wheel 1-3 provides certain damping to wire helix, thereby make close circle wire helix can pull open a segment distance when through damping wheel 1-3, to embed smoothly in active release silk worm gear 1-6 teeth groove.Adjust damping contact roller 1-4 by hold down gag 1-5 and act on the pressure on helix.This hold down gag 1-5 forms by adjusting screw, pressure head and holddown spring (not shown), is adjusted screw and realized the adjustment of pressure by rotation.
Stretching motor 1-8 is stepper motor, active release silk worm gear 1-6 is arranged on stretching motor 1-8 output shaft, control system 11 is by the rotating speed of restrained stretching motor 1-8, thereby control a speed of putting of active release silk worm gear 1-6, it is matched with the linear module 2-1 of wiring mechanism motor speed, realize close circle wire helix is carried out to constant pitch stretching.
As shown in Fig. 9 ~ Figure 11, auxiliary hook 3 includes: auxiliary crochet hook 3-1, pressing plate 3-2 and frid 3-3.
On frid 3-3, have groove, totally 26 of auxiliary crochet hook 3-1, put into respectively frid 3-3 groove.To assist crochet hook 3-1 to compress with pressing plate 3-2, and by pan head screw, pressing plate 3-2 will be fixed on frid 3-3.
As shown in Figure 19 ~ Figure 21, cover plate mechanism for auto 6 includes: the linear module 6-1 of cover plate mechanism for auto, cover plate mechanism for auto installing plate 6-2, cover plate mechanism for auto cushion block 6-3, cover plate mechanism for auto linking arm 6-4, cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate 6-5 and cover plate 6-6.
The linear module 6-1 of cover plate mechanism for auto is fixed on frame 12 horizontal operation table tops by cover plate mechanism for auto installing plate 6-2.Cover plate 6-6 is U-shaped, totally 25, is fixed by screws in cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate 6-5 front end.Cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate 6-5 is fixed on the linear module 6-1 of cover plate mechanism for auto slide block by cover plate mechanism for auto linking arm 6-4, cover plate mechanism for auto cushion block 6-3.
When equipment work, control system is controlled the linear module 6-1 of cover plate mechanism for auto motor by the linear module motor driver of cover plate mechanism for auto, the linear module 6-1 of cover plate mechanism for auto slide block drives cover plate 6-6 to slide in the cover plate chute 4-1 of horizontal concrete chute plate 4 by cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate 6-5, makes cover plate 6-6 coordinate the braiding process of helix with other mechanisms.
As shown in Figure 22 ~ Figure 24, latch needle mechanism 7 includes: the linear module 7-1 of latch needle mechanism, latch needle mechanism installing plate 7-2, latch needle mechanism cushion block 7-3, latch needle mechanism linking arm 7-4, latch needle mechanism connecting plate 7-5 and crochet hook 7-6.
The linear module 7-1 of latch needle mechanism is fixed on frame 12 horizontal operation table tops by latch needle mechanism installing plate 7-2.Crochet hook 7-6 adopts the special crochet hook of braider, and totally 25, crochet hook 7-6 tail protrusion is inserted in the through hole of latch needle mechanism connecting plate 7-5 front end.Latch needle mechanism connecting plate 7-5 is fixed on the linear module 7-1 of latch needle mechanism slide block by latch needle mechanism linking arm 7-4, latch needle mechanism cushion block 7-3.
When equipment work, control system 11 is controlled the linear module 7-1 of latch needle mechanism motor by the linear module motor driver of latch needle mechanism, the linear module 7-1 of latch needle mechanism slide block drives crochet hook 7-6 to slide in the crochet hook chute 4-2 of horizontal concrete chute plate 4 by latch needle mechanism connecting plate 7-5, has coordinated the braiding process of helix with other mechanisms.
As shown in Figure 25 ~ Figure 27, horizontal auxiliary body 8 includes: the linear module 8-1 of horizontal auxiliary body, the horizontal installing plate 8-2 of auxiliary body, the horizontal linking arm 8-3 of auxiliary body, the horizontal connecting plate 8-4 of auxiliary body and horizontal auxiliary push-rod 8-5.
The linear module 8-1 of horizontal auxiliary body is fixed on frame 12 horizontal operation table tops by the horizontal installing plate 8-2 of auxiliary body.Totally 26 of horizontal auxiliary push-rod 8-5, front end is with arc groove, and its tail protrusion is inserted in the through hole of the horizontal connecting plate 8-4 of auxiliary body front end.The horizontal connecting plate 8-4 of auxiliary body is fixed on the linear module 8-1 of horizontal auxiliary body slide block by the horizontal linking arm 8-3 of auxiliary body.
When equipment work, control system 11 is controlled horizontal auxiliary body linear module 8-1 motor by the linear module motor driver of horizontal auxiliary body, horizontal auxiliary body linear module 8-1 slide block drives horizontal auxiliary push-rod 8-5 to slide in the horizontal auxiliary push-rod chute 4-3 of horizontal concrete chute plate 4 by the horizontal connecting plate 8-4 of auxiliary body, in helix braiding process, helix is supported, prevent from interfering between adjacent helix, affect the carrying out of braiding process.
As shown in Figure 12 ~ Figure 15, horizontal concrete chute plate 4, for the flat board with some chutes that are parallel to each other, is longitudinally evenly processed with 25 cover plate chute 4-1,25 crochet hook chute 4-2 and 26 horizontal auxiliary push-rod chute 4-3.Wherein, longitudinal plane of symmetry of crochet hook chute 4-2 overlaps with the longitudinal plane of symmetry of cover plate chute 4-1, is positioned at cover plate chute 4-1 inside.Horizontal auxiliary push-rod chute 4-3 and cover plate chute 4-1 are alternately evenly distributed.
Horizontal concrete chute plate 4 is fixed by screws in frame 12 horizontal table front portions.Equipment cover plate 6-6, crochet hook 7-6 and horizontal auxiliary push-rod 8-5 in the time of stopped status are all arranged in horizontal concrete chute plate 4 chute separately.When equipment work, because crochet hook 7-6 is positioned at cover plate 6-6U shape groove, and helix is arranged in cover plate 6-6U shape groove outer surface, can avoid the helix weaving on process cover plate 6-6 and crochet hook 7-6 to interfere, cause the spiral gauze sheet having woven to occur mesh non-uniform phenomenon.
As shown in Figure 7, Figure 8, wiring mechanism 2 includes: the linear module 2-1 of wiring mechanism, wiring mechanism installing plate 2-2, wiring mechanism support 2-3, cloth thread casing 2-4, support set 2-5 and locking nut 2-6.
The linear module 2-1 of wiring mechanism is arranged in frame 12 top cross beam by wiring mechanism installing plate 2-2; Wiring mechanism support 2-3 is arranged on the linear module 2-1 of wiring mechanism slide block; It is upper that cloth thread casing 2-4 is connected to wiring mechanism support 2-3 by locking nut 2-6 and support set 2-5, and the wire helix after constant pitch drawing mechanism 1 stretches passes from cloth thread casing 2-4;
When equipment work, control system 11 does reciprocating linear motion along the linear module 2-1 of wiring mechanism slide rail by the linear module motor driver of wiring mechanism control cloth thread casing 2-4, coordinate with constant pitch drawing mechanism 1 close circle wire helix is carried out to constant pitch stretching, the helix after stretching is arranged on the crochet hook 7-6 of latch needle mechanism 7 simultaneously.
As shown in Figure 16 ~ Figure 18, vertical coulisse 5, for the flat board with some chutes that are parallel to each other, is longitudinally evenly processed with 26 chutes.As shown in figure 20, vertical coulisse 5 by screw fastening the bottom at horizontal concrete chute plate 4.
As shown in Figure 28 ~ Figure 30, vertical auxiliary body 9 includes: the linear module 9-1 of vertical auxiliary body, the vertical installing plate 9-2 of auxiliary body, the vertical cushion block 9-3 of auxiliary body, the vertical linking arm 9-4 of auxiliary body, the vertical connecting plate 9-5 of auxiliary body and vertical assistant ejector pin 9-6.
The linear module 9-1 of vertical auxiliary body is vertically fixed on frame 12 front portions by the vertical installing plate 9-2 of auxiliary body.Vertical assistant ejector pin 9-6 is fork configuration, totally 26, is enclosed within the through hole of the vertical connecting plate 9-5 of auxiliary body front end by being arranged on the screw of afterbody.Equipment is in the time of stopped status, and vertical assistant ejector pin 9-6 is positioned at the chute of vertical coulisse 5.The vertical connecting plate 9-5 of auxiliary body is fixed on the linear module 9-1 of vertical auxiliary body slide block by the vertical linking arm 9-4 of auxiliary body, the vertical cushion block 9-3 of auxiliary body.
When equipment work, control system 11 is controlled vertical auxiliary body linear module 9-1 motor by the linear module motor driver of vertical auxiliary body, the linear module 9-1 of vertical auxiliary body slide block drives vertical assistant ejector pin 9-6 in the vertical interior slip of coulisse 5 by the vertical connecting plate 9-5 of auxiliary body, cooperatively interact with cover plate mechanism for auto 6, the horizontal loop sleeve that crochet hook 7-6 is ticked is turned into vertical ring set, completes the braiding process of helix.
As shown in Figure 31 ~ Figure 32, rolling-up mechanism 10 includes: guide roller 10-1, coiling motor 10-2, shaft coupling 10-3, active clamp shaft 10-4, passive clamp shaft 10-5, belt pulley 10-6, wireline reel 10-7 and coiling arm 10-8.
Coiling motor 10-2 connects with active clamp shaft 10-4 by shaft coupling 10-3, drives initiatively clamp shaft rotation.When equipment work, guide roller 10-1 is for leading to the spiral gauze sheet of knitting forming, sent between active clamp shaft 10-4 and passive clamp shaft 10-5, initiatively annular knurl processing is all carried out on clamp shaft 10-4 and passive clamp shaft 10-5 surface, the helical gauze sheet of sending into is wherein produced to a downward pulling force, ensure in braiding process that spiral gauze sheet is all the time in tensioned state, prevent run-bake-needle fault, simultaneously, spiral gauze sheet to knitting forming carries out precompressed shaping, makes to link between the smooth and internal helicoid line of spiral gauze sheet good.
Wireline reel 10-7 is arranged on frame 12 foremost by coiling arm 10-8, and initiatively clamp shaft 10-4 drives wireline reel 10-7 rotation by belt pulley 10-6.Coiling arm 10-8 is bolted on frame 12 both sides crossbeams.Unclamp set bolt, arm 10-8 swing can make to reel, to adjust the elasticity of belt, ensure spiral gauze sheet coiling and unlikely tension on wireline reel 10-7 of knitting forming, the spiral gauze sheet after rolling is the preparation for metal-rubber member as metal-rubber blank.
Control system 11 includes: PMAC multi-axis controller, stretching motor driver, the linear module motor driver of wiring mechanism, the linear module motor driver of cover plate mechanism for auto, the linear module motor driver of latch needle mechanism, the linear module motor driver of horizontal auxiliary body, the linear module motor driver of vertical auxiliary body, coiling motor driver, transformer, binding post and touch-screen 11-1.
In the equipment course of work, control system 11 is by restrained stretching motor driver and the linear module motor driver of wiring mechanism, constant pitch drawing mechanism 1 is matched with the action of wiring mechanism 2, and realization is carried out constant pitch to close circle wire helix and is accurately stretched; Control system 11 is by controlling the linear module motor driver of cover plate mechanism for auto, the linear module motor driver of latch needle mechanism, the linear module motor driver of horizontal auxiliary body, the linear module motor driver of vertical auxiliary body, the motion of cover plate mechanism for auto 6, latch needle mechanism 7, horizontal auxiliary body 8, vertical auxiliary body 9 is matched, complete the braiding process of spiral gauze sheet; Control system 11, by controlling coiling motor driver, is controlled the action of rolling-up mechanism 10, and the spiral gauze sheet coiling that braiding is completed forms metal-rubber blank for future use; The upper human-computer interaction interface of display device of touch-screen 11-1 and the duty of equipment, by human-computer interaction interface, can complete " start ", " beginning ", " suspend/continue ", " reset ", " shutdown " operation.
Metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus of the present invention carries out metal-rubber blank while preparing, its specific works process following (with reference to figure 1 ~ Figure 32):
The first step, opens device power supply (DPS) switch, presses " start " button on touch-screen 11-1, and control system 11 is stretched out 14mm by the linear module motor driver of cover plate mechanism for auto control cover plate 6-6 from horizontal concrete chute plate 4.
Second step, according to the string diameter of close circle wire helix and spring footpath, adjust damping value and the hold down gag 1-5 of damper 1-2 in constant pitch drawing mechanism 1, close circle wire helix is sent into constant pitch drawing mechanism 1 by guide roller 1-1, by close circle wire helix through damping wheel 1-3 and damping contact roller 1-4 and between active release silk worm gear 1-6 and driven wire wheel 1-7, after manually stretching, from the cloth thread casing 2-4 of wiring mechanism 2, pass, be arranged in the cover plate 6-6 end face of cover plate mechanism for auto 6, the free end of helix is fixed in the locating slot 4-4 of horizontal concrete chute plate 4.
The 3rd step, hangs over the auxiliary crochet hook 3-1 in auxiliary hook 3 on the helix between two adjacent cover plate 6-6, relies on the gravity of auxiliary hook 3 to make the vertical ring set of the sagging formation of helix between two adjacent cover plate 6-6.
The 4th step, press the START button on touch-screen 11-1, crochet hook 7-6 stretches out 25mm from horizontal concrete chute plate 4, the linear module 2-1 of wiring mechanism slide block drives cloth thread casing 2-4 along the linear module 2-1 of wiring mechanism slide rail moving linearly, and the helix after constant pitch drawing mechanism 1 stretches is arranged on crochet hook 7-6.
The 5th step, horizontal auxiliary push-rod 8-5 stretches out 16mm from horizontal concrete chute plate 4.
The 6th step, crochet hook 7-6 front end catches on the helix of arranging on it and returns in horizontal concrete chute plate 4, and horizontal auxiliary push-rod 8-5 supports the helix between two adjacent crochet hook 7-6, forms horizontal loop sleeve.
The 7th step, cover plate 6-6 returns in horizontal concrete chute plate 4, and helix disposed thereon comes off.
The 8th step, vertical assistant ejector pin 9-6 stretches out 21mm from vertical coulisse 5, passes, and the helix on ring set both sides is upwards provoked from crochet hook 7-6 in the horizontal loop sleeve forming.
The 9th step, crochet hook 7-6 stretches out 4mm from horizontal concrete chute plate 4, and horizontal loop sleeve is deviate from from crochet hook 7-6.
The tenth step, cover plate 6-6 stretches out 14mm from horizontal concrete chute plate 4, in the helix ring set of provoking from vertical assistant ejector pin 9-6, passes.
The 11 step, vertical assistant ejector pin 9-6 and horizontal auxiliary push-rod 8-5 return simultaneously, and the first row of spiral gauze sheet has woven.
The 12 step, takes out the helix head being fixed in horizontal concrete chute plate 4 locating slots, and is fixed in the spiral gauze sheet the first row having woven.
The 13 step, repeats the 4th step ~ 11 step.
The 14 step, reach after certain length until spiral gauze sheet, take off auxiliary crochet hook 3, spiral gauze sheet is sent between active clamp shaft 10-4 and passive clamp shaft 10-5 by the guide roller 10-1 of rolling-up mechanism 10, and it is upper to be closely wound wireline reel 10-7, the spiral gauze sheet having woven is carried out to rolling for subsequent use.
The 15 step, presses " shutdown " button on touch-screen 11-1, and cover plate 6-6, crochet hook 7-6, horizontal auxiliary push-rod 8-5 return in horizontal concrete chute plate 4, and vertical assistant ejector pin 9-6 returns in vertical coulisse 5, closing device power switch, and equipment quits work.

Claims (10)

1. a metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus, includes the frame for the each assembly of equipment is installed and supported; It is characterized in that, in frame, be provided with:
For the constant pitch drawing mechanism that close circle wire helix is carried out to constant pitch stretching;
For the wire helix after stretching is arranged in to the wiring mechanism on crochet hook;
For the auxiliary hook that spiral gauze sheet the first row is started;
For being woven, described helix forms cover plate mechanism for auto, latch needle mechanism, horizontal auxiliary body, horizontal concrete chute plate, vertical auxiliary body and the vertical coulisse of spiral gauze sheet; And
Be used for the rolling-up mechanism of the spiral gauze sheet coiling of knitting forming;
Wherein,
Described cover plate mechanism for auto includes: the linear module of cover plate mechanism for auto, cover plate mechanism for auto installing plate, cover plate mechanism for auto cushion block, cover plate mechanism for auto linking arm, cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate and cover plate; The linear module of described cover plate mechanism for auto is arranged on described frame horizontal operation table top by described cover plate mechanism for auto installing plate; Described cover plate is arranged on by cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate, cover plate mechanism for auto linking arm, cover plate mechanism for auto cushion block on the slide block of the linear module of described cover plate mechanism for auto; The slide block of the linear module of described cover plate mechanism for auto does reciprocating linear motion, and drives described cover plate to do reciprocating linear motion in described horizontal concrete chute plate;
Described horizontal auxiliary body includes: the linear module of horizontal auxiliary body, horizontal auxiliary body installing plate, horizontal auxiliary body linking arm, horizontal auxiliary body connecting plate and horizontal auxiliary push-rod; The linear module of described horizontal auxiliary body is arranged on described frame horizontal operation table top by described horizontal auxiliary body installing plate; Described horizontal auxiliary push-rod is arranged on by horizontal auxiliary body connecting plate, horizontal auxiliary body linking arm on the slide block of the linear module of described horizontal auxiliary body; The slide block of the linear module of described horizontal auxiliary body does reciprocating linear motion, and drives described horizontal auxiliary push-rod to do reciprocating linear motion in described horizontal concrete chute plate;
Described vertical auxiliary body includes: the linear module of vertical auxiliary body, vertical auxiliary body installing plate, vertical auxiliary body cushion block, vertical auxiliary body linking arm, vertical auxiliary body connecting plate and vertical assistant ejector pin; The linear module of described vertical auxiliary body is vertically arranged on described frame front by described vertical auxiliary body installing plate; Described vertical assistant ejector pin is arranged on the slide block of the linear module of described vertical auxiliary body by vertical auxiliary body connecting plate, vertical auxiliary body linking arm, vertical auxiliary body cushion block; The slide block of the linear module of described vertical auxiliary body does reciprocating linear motion, and drives described vertical assistant ejector pin to do reciprocating linear motion in described vertical coulisse.
2. metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described wiring mechanism includes: the linear module of wiring mechanism, wiring mechanism installing plate, wiring mechanism support, cloth thread casing, support set and locking nut; The linear module of described wiring mechanism is arranged on described frame top crossbeam by described wiring mechanism installing plate; Described wiring mechanism support is arranged on the slide block of the linear module of described wiring mechanism; Described cloth thread casing is connected on described wiring mechanism support by described locking nut and support set, and the wire helix after described constant pitch drawing mechanism stretches passes from described cloth thread casing; The slide block of the linear module of described wiring mechanism does reciprocating linear motion, and by described cloth thread casing, the wire helix after stretching is arranged on described crochet hook.
3. metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described auxiliary hook includes: auxiliary crochet hook, pressing plate and frid; Described auxiliary crochet hook is fixed on frid by pressing plate and pan head screw.
4. metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described latch needle mechanism includes: the linear module of latch needle mechanism, latch needle mechanism installing plate, latch needle mechanism cushion block, latch needle mechanism linking arm, latch needle mechanism connecting plate and crochet hook; The linear module of described latch needle mechanism is arranged on described frame horizontal operation table top by described latch needle mechanism installing plate; Described crochet hook is arranged on by latch needle mechanism connecting plate, latch needle mechanism linking arm, latch needle mechanism cushion block on the slide block of the linear module of described latch needle mechanism; The slide block of the linear module of described latch needle mechanism does reciprocating linear motion, and drives described crochet hook to do reciprocating linear motion in described horizontal concrete chute plate.
5. metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described horizontal auxiliary body includes: the linear module of horizontal auxiliary body, horizontal auxiliary body installing plate, horizontal auxiliary body linking arm, horizontal auxiliary body connecting plate and horizontal auxiliary push-rod; The linear module of described horizontal auxiliary body is arranged on described frame horizontal operation table top by described horizontal auxiliary body installing plate; Described horizontal auxiliary push-rod is arranged on by horizontal auxiliary body connecting plate, horizontal auxiliary body linking arm on the slide block of the linear module of described horizontal auxiliary body; The slide block of the linear module of described horizontal auxiliary body does reciprocating linear motion, and drives described horizontal auxiliary push-rod to do reciprocating linear motion in described horizontal concrete chute plate.
6. metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described horizontal concrete chute plate is the flat board with some chutes that are parallel to each other, and it has longitudinally been evenly arranged cover plate chute, crochet hook chute and horizontal auxiliary push-rod chute; Wherein, longitudinal plane of symmetry of crochet hook chute overlaps with the longitudinal plane of symmetry of cover plate chute, is positioned at cover plate chute inside, and horizontal auxiliary push-rod chute and cover plate chute are alternately evenly distributed; Described horizontal concrete chute front edge of board both sides have also been arranged symmetrically with locating slot; Described horizontal concrete chute plate is fixed by screws in described frame horizontal table front portion; Described vertical coulisse is the flat board with some chutes that are parallel to each other, and has longitudinally been evenly arranged vertical assistant ejector pin chute; Described vertical coulisse is the bottom at described horizontal concrete chute plate by screw fastening.
7. metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described vertical auxiliary body includes: the linear module of vertical auxiliary body, vertical auxiliary body installing plate, vertical auxiliary body cushion block, vertical auxiliary body linking arm, vertical auxiliary body connecting plate and vertical assistant ejector pin; The linear module of described vertical auxiliary body is vertically arranged on described frame front by described vertical auxiliary body installing plate; Described vertical assistant ejector pin is arranged on the slide block of the linear module of described vertical auxiliary body by vertical auxiliary body connecting plate, vertical auxiliary body linking arm, vertical auxiliary body cushion block; The slide block of the linear module of described vertical auxiliary body does reciprocating linear motion, and drives described vertical assistant ejector pin to do reciprocating linear motion in the vertical assistant ejector pin chute of described vertical coulisse.
8. metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described rolling-up mechanism includes: guide roller, coiling motor, shaft coupling, active clamp shaft, passive clamp shaft, belt pulley, wireline reel and coiling arm; Described guide roller is installed on described active clamp shaft and passive clamp shaft front end by support, leads for the spiral gauze sheet to knitting forming, is sent between described active clamp shaft and passive clamp shaft; Described coiling motor connects with described active clamp shaft by described shaft coupling, drives described active clamp shaft rotation; Described wireline reel is arranged in described frame by described coiling arm, and described active clamp shaft drives described wireline reel rotation by described belt pulley.
9. metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described constant pitch drawing mechanism includes: guide roller, damper, damping wheel, damping contact roller, active release silk worm gear, driven wire wheel and stretching motor; Described damping wheel is arranged on the output shaft of described damper; Described active release silk worm gear is arranged on described stretching motor output shaft.
10. the special cover plate mechanism for auto of metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus, is characterized in that, described cover plate mechanism for auto includes: the linear module of cover plate mechanism for auto, cover plate mechanism for auto installing plate, cover plate mechanism for auto cushion block, cover plate mechanism for auto linking arm, cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate and cover plate; The linear module of described cover plate mechanism for auto is arranged on described frame horizontal operation table top by described cover plate mechanism for auto installing plate; Described cover plate is arranged on by cover plate mechanism for auto connecting plate, cover plate mechanism for auto linking arm, cover plate mechanism for auto cushion block on the slide block of the linear module of described cover plate mechanism for auto; The slide block of the linear module of described cover plate mechanism for auto drives described cover plate to do reciprocating linear motion.
CN201410190583.9A 2014-05-07 2014-05-07 Metal-rubber blank braiding apparatus and special cover plate mechanism for auto Expired - Fee Related CN103949568B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110788248A (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-02-14 东北石油大学 Metal rubber integrated automatic molding system

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EP0860218A2 (en) * 1997-02-14 1998-08-26 Eurobend Sa Method and device for producing continuous spirals with closed polygon forms from wire, concrete steel or metal tube
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CN2510273Y (en) * 2001-12-11 2002-09-11 哈尔滨工业大学 Spiral-roll fixed-pitch stretching apparatus
CN1425544A (en) * 2001-12-11 2003-06-25 哈尔滨工业大学 Screw roll fixed pitch stretching device
CN201287176Y (en) * 2008-11-13 2009-08-12 西安科技大学 Metal gauze weaving mechanism
CN102950233A (en) * 2011-08-27 2013-03-06 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 Metal rubber gasket manufacture process
CN103182463A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-07-03 哈尔滨工程大学 Manufacturing method of metal rubber shock pad
CN203253854U (en) * 2013-04-22 2013-10-30 哈尔滨工程大学 Device for knitting and bending pressing of metal rubber screen mesh

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0860218A2 (en) * 1997-02-14 1998-08-26 Eurobend Sa Method and device for producing continuous spirals with closed polygon forms from wire, concrete steel or metal tube
DE10063913A1 (en) * 2000-12-20 2002-07-04 Agro Federkernprod Gmbh Manufacturing machine for production of complex coiled springs has multiple processing stations on carousel for coiling and tempering
CN2510273Y (en) * 2001-12-11 2002-09-11 哈尔滨工业大学 Spiral-roll fixed-pitch stretching apparatus
CN1425544A (en) * 2001-12-11 2003-06-25 哈尔滨工业大学 Screw roll fixed pitch stretching device
CN201287176Y (en) * 2008-11-13 2009-08-12 西安科技大学 Metal gauze weaving mechanism
CN102950233A (en) * 2011-08-27 2013-03-06 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 Metal rubber gasket manufacture process
CN103182463A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-07-03 哈尔滨工程大学 Manufacturing method of metal rubber shock pad
CN203253854U (en) * 2013-04-22 2013-10-30 哈尔滨工程大学 Device for knitting and bending pressing of metal rubber screen mesh

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110788248A (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-02-14 东北石油大学 Metal rubber integrated automatic molding system
CN110788248B (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-12-22 东北石油大学 Metal rubber integrated automatic molding system

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