CN103949129A - Efficient and intelligent oil smoke purification system and method - Google Patents

Efficient and intelligent oil smoke purification system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103949129A
CN103949129A CN201410169529.6A CN201410169529A CN103949129A CN 103949129 A CN103949129 A CN 103949129A CN 201410169529 A CN201410169529 A CN 201410169529A CN 103949129 A CN103949129 A CN 103949129A
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China
Prior art keywords
pole plate
oil smoke
ionization
steam
oil
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CN201410169529.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103949129B (en
Inventor
鲁杰
姚谦波
赵庆敏
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DALIAN TUOXIN ENERGY Co Ltd
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DALIAN TUOXIN ENERGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410169529.6A priority Critical patent/CN103949129B/en
Publication of CN103949129A publication Critical patent/CN103949129A/en
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Publication of CN103949129B publication Critical patent/CN103949129B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an efficient and intelligent oil smoke purification system and method. The efficient and intelligent oil smoke purification system comprises an oil smoke purifier, a direct-current power supply, a central processor, an oil smoke sensor, a high-pressure generator and a high-pressure control panel, wherein the oil smoke purifier comprises a shell framework, an oil collecting net arranged at one end of the shell framework, an efficient purifier arranged at the other end of the shell framework, and an ionization adsorption assembly fixed on the shell framework between the oil collecting net and the efficient purifier. According to the oil smoke purifier, a three-stage filtering system is formed by the oil collecting net, the ionization adsorption assembly and an efficient filter to filter oil smoke particles of different particle sizes stage by stage, so that the purification efficiency of the oil smoke purifier is improved greatly through the three-stage filtering system; by applying the efficient filter as a third-stage oil smoke filtering device with the excellent treatment capacity on PM2.5 (Particulate Matters having diameters of less than 2.5 micrometers), the purification rate of oil smoke in air can be over 99 percent.

Description

High efficiency smart lampblack purifying system and purification method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cleaning system and purification method, relate in particular to a kind of high efficiency smart lampblack purifying system and purification method.
Background technology
According to operation principle difference, existing cooking fume remover mainly contains following two kinds, and one is to utilize water circulating filter formula clarifier, and another kind is electrostatic purifier; When water circulation type filtering type purification utensil, oil smoke enters in water, in water by oil smoke elimination, in this process, can use a large amount of water and auxiliary equipment, auxiliary equipment complex structure, cost is higher, meanwhile, have a large amount of discharge of wastewater after purification, discharge of wastewater and processing have increased filtration cost; Electrostatic filter energy-saving effect is better, but purification efficiency is not high, and after working long hours, oil can coagulate on discharge plate, affects clean-up effect.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of high efficiency smart lampblack purifying system and purification method, in order to improve fume purifying efficiency, and realize cleaning system from monitoring, self control function.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of high efficiency smart lampblack purifying system, comprises cooking fume remover, dc source, central processing unit, oil smoke sensor, high pressure generator and high voltage control plate;
Described cooking fume remover comprises case frame, is arranged on the oil collection net of case frame one end, is arranged on the efficient purifier of the case frame other end and is fixed on oil collection net the ionization absorbent module on the case frame between efficient purifier;
Described oil collection net is enclosed to connect by the trapezoidal substrate of bottom surface rectangular substrate and side and forms, and is distributed with oil collecting hole on substrate;
Described ionization absorbent module comprises absorption pole plate, ionization pole plate and steam clean pipe; The two ends of absorption pole plate are fixed on one group of relative frame of rectangular frame, and another of described rectangular frame organized fixed support tube on relative frame; Described absorption pole plate is provided with open-work, and stay pipe is fixedly connected with absorption pole plate through the open-work on absorption pole plate with stay pipe; Described absorption pole plate is for being equidistantly arranged in parallel, and on the stay pipe between adjacent two absorption pole plates, fixed installation ionizes pole plate, and described ionization pole plate is fixed on this section of stay pipe by the open-work on it; The two ends of insulator are fixedly mounted on respectively on the absorption pole plate at rectangular shaped rim two ends and on adjacent ionization pole plate; Taking the stay pipe between each absorption pole plate and ionization pole plate as axis, the both sides of this stay pipe arrange a pair of steam clean pipe, and one end of steam clean pipe is connected with steam generator by jet chimney, and the other end of steam clean pipe is hermetically-sealed construction; Described ionization absorbent module is fixed on by rectangular frame on the case frame of cooking fume remover;
Described dc source is connected with central processing unit by wire, central processing unit is connected with oil smoke sensor, high pressure generator and high voltage control plate respectively, and described high pressure generator is connected respectively with the ionization pole plate of the ionization absorbent module of high voltage control plate and cooking fume remover.
The described high efficiency smart lampblack purifying system that application is described, the method that realizes fume purifying comprises the following steps:
Oil smoke in a, environment carries out single filter by oil collection net;
Oil smoke after b, single filter enters ionization absorbent module, the interior oil smoke concentration of the real-time self-inductance measurement pipeline of oil smoke sensor also exports oil smoke concentration signal to central processing unit, central processing unit is according to oil smoke concentration signal determining fume purifying demand and high-tension electricity output intensity, if oil smoke concentration is higher than concentration threshold in environment, central processing unit output high voltage control plate actuating signal, thereby startup high pressure generator, makes high pressure generator output HIGH voltage to ionizing absorbent module;
After c, high pressure generator start, ionization pole strip positive electricity, the soot particles ionization of ionization absorbent module will be entered, make soot particles positively charged, soot particles is during by electronegative absorption pole plate, due to itself and the electric charge of absorption pole plate with opposed polarity, thereby make soot particles be adsorbed on absorption polar board surface;
D, in cleaning process, high-tension electricity stop supplies, steam generator produces high steam, high steam enters steam clean pipe by jet chimney, by the steam nozzle on steam clean pipe, by steam spray, on absorption pole plate, high steam is by the oily spray fusing being adsorbed on absorption pole plate, and the oily spray after fusing flows out along absorption pole plate;
Oil smoke after e, cascade filtration enters efficient purifier and carries out three-stage filtration.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Cooking fume remover in the present invention, by oil collection net, ionization absorbent module and high efficiency particulate air filter, forms three-stage filtration system, filters step by step the smoke particle of different-grain diameter, and laddering filtration system setting has greatly improved the purification efficiency of cooking fume remover; Using efficient filter for molten as third level lampblack filter, process performance for its excellence to PM2.5, by efficient filter for molten fit applications, airborne fume purifying rate can reach more than 99%.
Application absorbent module is filtered, the method that adopts ionization smoke particle to carry out adsorption filtration, more existing water circulation purification style, solve water consumption large, the problem of auxiliary equipment complexity, more existing electrostatic depuration mode, has solved the low problem of its purification efficiency.
Native system is by oil smoke sensor and central processing unit drawing-in system, data acquisition in oil smoke processing procedure and each fit module are called and can be realized intelligent control and management, compared to existing manual operation, greatly reduce operating voltage and power consumption, make resource distribution more reasonable, saved a large amount of manpowers and resource.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is circuit theory diagrams of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of cooking fume remover in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the front view of ionization absorbent module;
Fig. 4 is the top view of ionization absorbent module;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of oil collection net;
Fig. 6 is the partial enlarged drawing of oil collection net.
Wherein: 100: cooking fume remover, 110: oil collection net, 111 oil collecting holes; 120: ionization absorbent module, 121: rectangular frame, 122: absorption pole plate, 123: steam clean pipe, 124: ionization pole plate, 125: stay pipe, 126: insulator; 130: case frame; 140: efficient purifier; 150: steam generator; 160: jet chimney; 200: dc source; 300: central processing unit; 400: oil smoke sensor; 500: high pressure generator; 600: high voltage control plate; 701~713: wire.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment:
A kind of high efficiency smart lampblack purifying system, comprises cooking fume remover, dc source, oil smoke sensor, central processing unit, high pressure generator and high voltage control plate;
As shown in Fig. 1~6, wire 701 and wire 702 connect respectively live wire and the zero line of civil power 220V, live wire and zero line are connected on the input of dc source, DC power output end is powered for central processing unit 300 by wire 703 and wire 704, central processing unit 300 is connected with oil smoke sensor 400 by wire 705, central processing unit 300 is connected with high pressure generator 500 by wire 706, and central processing unit 300 is connected with high voltage control plate 600 by wire 707; Live wire is connected with high voltage control plate 600 with wire 713 by wire 712 with zero line, high voltage control plate 600 is powered for high pressure generator 500 by wire 710 and wire 711, after power supply, make high pressure generator 500 output HIGH voltages, high pressure generator 500 is connected to the ionization absorbent module 120 of cooking fume remover 100 by wire 708 and wire 709;
Described cooking fume remover 100 comprises case frame 130, is arranged on the oil collection net 110 of case frame 130 one end, is arranged on the efficient purifier 140 of case frame 130 other ends and is fixed on oil collection net 110 the ionization absorbent module 120 on the case frame 130 between efficient purifier 140;
Described oil collection net 110 is enclosed to connect by the trapezoidal substrate of bottom surface rectangular substrate and side and forms, and is distributed with hexagonal oil collecting hole 111 on substrate; Oil collection net 110 is as first level filtering device, the larger smoke particle of elimination particle diameter.
Described ionization absorbent module 120 comprises absorption pole plate 122, ionization pole plate 124 and steam clean pipe 123; The two ends of absorption pole plate 122 are fixed on one group of relative frame of rectangular frame 121, and another of described rectangular frame 121 organized fixed support tube 125 on relative frame; Described absorption pole plate 122 is provided with open-work, and stay pipe 125 is fixedly connected with absorption pole plate 122 through the open-work on absorption pole plate 122 with stay pipe 125; Described absorption pole plate 122 is for being equidistantly arranged in parallel, and on the stay pipe 125 between adjacent two absorption pole plates 122, fixed installation ionizes pole plate 124, and described ionization pole plate 124 is fixed on this section of stay pipe 125 by the open-work on it; The two ends of insulator 126 are fixedly mounted on respectively on the absorption pole plate 122 at rectangular shaped rim 121 two ends and on adjacent ionization pole plate 124; Taking the stay pipe 125 between each absorption pole plate 122 and ionization pole plate 124 as axis, the both sides of this stay pipe 125 arrange a pair of steam clean pipe 123, one end of steam clean pipe 123 is connected with steam generator 150 by jet chimney 160, and the other end of steam clean pipe 123 is hermetically-sealed construction; Described ionization absorbent module 120 is fixed on by rectangular frame 121 on the case frame 130 of cooking fume remover 100;
Ionize absorbent module 120 as two-stage filter, the oil mist particles of elimination small particle diameter;
Efficient purifier 140 is as three-level filter device, the oil mist particles of elimination nominal particle size;
The described high efficiency smart lampblack purifying system that application is described, the method that realizes fume purifying comprises the following steps:
Oil smoke in a, environment carries out single filter by oil collection net 110;
Oil smoke after b, single filter enters ionization absorbent module 120, the interior oil smoke concentration of the real-time self-inductance measurement pipeline of oil smoke sensor 400 also exports oil smoke concentration signal to central processing unit 300, central processing unit 300 is according to oil smoke concentration signal determining fume purifying demand and high-tension electricity output intensity, if oil smoke concentration is higher than concentration threshold in environment, central processing unit 300 is exported high voltage control plate 600 actuating signals, thereby start high pressure generator 500, make high pressure generator 500 output HIGH voltages to ionizing absorbent module 120;
After c, high pressure generator 500 start, ionization pole plate 124 positively chargeds, the soot particles ionization of ionization absorbent module 120 will be entered, make soot particles positively charged, soot particles is during by electronegative absorption pole plate 122, due to itself and the electric charge of absorption pole plate 122 with opposed polarity, thereby make soot particles be adsorbed on absorption pole plate 122 surfaces;
D, in cleaning process, high-tension electricity stop supplies, steam generator 150 produces high steam, high steam enters steam clean pipe 123 by jet chimney 160, by the steam nozzle on steam clean pipe 123, by steam spray, on absorption pole plate 122, high steam is by the oily spray fusing being adsorbed on absorption pole plate 122, and the oily spray after fusing flows out along absorption pole plate 122;
Oil smoke after e, cascade filtration enters efficient purifier 140 and carries out three-stage filtration.
Oil smoke passes through after one-level and cascade filtration, 90% oil smoke in elimination air, and after stage high-effective filter for molten filtration treatment, oil smoke discharge quantity not sufficient 1%, filter efficiency reaches 99%.

Claims (2)

1. high efficiency smart lampblack purifying system, is characterized in that: comprise cooking fume remover (100), dc source (200), central processing unit (300), oil smoke sensor (400), high pressure generator (500) and high voltage control plate (600);
Described cooking fume remover (100) comprises case frame (130), is arranged on the oil collection net (110) of case frame (130) one end, is arranged on the efficient purifier (140) of case frame (130) other end and is fixed on oil collection net (110) the ionization absorbent module (120) on the case frame (130) between efficient purifier (140);
Described oil collection net (110) is enclosed to connect by the trapezoidal substrate of bottom surface rectangular substrate and side and forms, and is distributed with oil collecting hole (111) on substrate;
Described ionization absorbent module (120) comprises absorption pole plate (122), ionization pole plate (124) and steam clean pipe (123); The two ends of absorption pole plate (122) are fixed on one group of relative frame of rectangular frame (121), and another of described rectangular frame (121) organized fixed support tube on relative frame (125); Described absorption pole plate (122) is provided with open-work, and stay pipe (125) will adsorb pole plate (122) through the open-work on absorption pole plate (122) and be fixedly connected with stay pipe (125); Described absorption pole plate (122) is for being equidistantly arranged in parallel, the upper fixed installation ionization pole plate of stay pipe (125) (124) between adjacent two absorption pole plates (122), described ionization pole plate (124) is fixed on this section of stay pipe (125) by the open-work on it; The two ends of insulator (126) are fixedly mounted on respectively on the upper and adjacent ionization pole plate (124) of the absorption pole plate (122) at rectangular shaped rim (121) two ends; Taking the stay pipe (125) between each absorption pole plate (122) and ionization pole plate (124) as axis, the both sides of this stay pipe (125) arrange a pair of steam clean pipe (123), one end of steam clean pipe (123) is connected with steam generator (150) by jet chimney (160), and the other end of steam clean pipe (123) is hermetically-sealed construction; Described ionization absorbent module (120) is fixed on by rectangular frame (121) on the case frame (130) of cooking fume remover (100);
Described dc source (200) is connected with central processing unit (300) by wire, central processing unit (300) is connected with oil smoke sensor (400), high pressure generator (500) and high voltage control plate (600) respectively, and described high pressure generator (500) is connected respectively with the ionization pole plate (124) of the ionization absorbent module (120) of high voltage control plate (600) and cooking fume remover (100).
2. application rights requires the high efficiency smart lampblack purifying system described in 1, and the method that realizes fume purifying comprises the following steps: it is characterized in that:
Oil smoke in a, environment carries out single filter by oil collection net (110);
B, oil smoke after single filter enters ionization absorbent module (120), the interior oil smoke concentration of the real-time self-inductance measurement pipeline of oil smoke sensor (400) also exports oil smoke concentration signal to central processing unit (300), central processing unit (300) is according to oil smoke concentration signal determining fume purifying demand and high-tension electricity output intensity, if oil smoke concentration is higher than concentration threshold in environment, central processing unit (300) output high voltage control plate (600) actuating signal, thereby start high pressure generator (500), make high pressure generator (500) output HIGH voltage to ionizing absorbent module (120),
After c, high pressure generator (500) start, ionization pole plate (124) positively charged, to enter the soot particles ionization of ionization absorbent module (120), make soot particles positively charged, soot particles is during by electronegative absorption pole plate (122), due to itself and the electric charge of absorption pole plate (122) with opposed polarity, thereby make soot particles be adsorbed on absorption pole plate (122) surface;
D, in cleaning process, high-tension electricity stop supplies, steam generator (150) produces high steam, high steam enters steam clean pipe (123) by jet chimney (160), by the steam nozzle on steam clean pipe (123), steam spray is being adsorbed on pole plate (122), high steam will be adsorbed on the oily spray fusing on absorption pole plate (122), and the oily spray after fusing flows out along absorption pole plate (122);
Oil smoke after e, cascade filtration enters efficient purifier (140) and carries out three-stage filtration.
CN201410169529.6A 2014-04-24 2014-04-24 High efficiency smart lampblack purifying system and purification method Expired - Fee Related CN103949129B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105570951A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-05-11 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Smoke exhaust ventilator
CN106560690A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-04-12 中国计量大学 System and method for testing exterior circulation type vehicle-mounted air purifier particle number concentration purification efficiency
CN110124863A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-08-16 北京圣喻环保科技有限公司 A kind of fume purifying control method, apparatus and system
CN110207231A (en) * 2019-05-20 2019-09-06 武汉琦隆科技发展有限公司 A kind of intelligence lampblack purifying system

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CN203777887U (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-08-20 大连拓新能源有限公司 High-efficiency intelligent oil smoke purification system

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JP2004089837A (en) * 2002-08-30 2004-03-25 Furukawa Electric Co Ltd:The Method and apparatus for treating exhaust gas from optical fiber production process
WO2009113269A1 (en) * 2008-03-11 2009-09-17 ダイキン工業株式会社 Air processor
CN202803046U (en) * 2012-08-20 2013-03-20 南通市旺达石化设备工程有限公司 Wet-type electric deduster
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105570951A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-05-11 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Smoke exhaust ventilator
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CN106560690A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-04-12 中国计量大学 System and method for testing exterior circulation type vehicle-mounted air purifier particle number concentration purification efficiency
CN110207231A (en) * 2019-05-20 2019-09-06 武汉琦隆科技发展有限公司 A kind of intelligence lampblack purifying system
CN110124863A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-08-16 北京圣喻环保科技有限公司 A kind of fume purifying control method, apparatus and system

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