CN103947892B - Preparation method of nutritive loach fodder - Google Patents

Preparation method of nutritive loach fodder Download PDF

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CN103947892B
CN103947892B CN201410200048.7A CN201410200048A CN103947892B CN 103947892 B CN103947892 B CN 103947892B CN 201410200048 A CN201410200048 A CN 201410200048A CN 103947892 B CN103947892 B CN 103947892B
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CN103947892A (en
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徐玉文
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徐玉文
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of a nutritive loach fodder. The nutritive loach fodder is prepared by the steps of cardamine hupingshanesis treatment, livestock eggshell treatment, trash fish treatment, livestock viscera treatment, batching, mixing, extrusion and drying treatment. The nutritive loach fodder is low in price and rich in protein, various vitamins, trace elements and the like; especially, the fodder is rich in selenium, and the loach is praised as 'Ginseng in Water' after absorbing the fodder.

Description

A kind of preparation method of loach nutrient fodder
Technical field
The present invention the invention belongs to animal mixed feed technical field, relates to a kind of preparation method of loach nutrient fodder.
Background technology
Loach, belongs to Cobitidae.Loach is called as " ginseng in water ", all has the distribution north uncommon but the various places that also distribute in southern china various places.The whole year all can gather, and summer is maximum, after loach catches, and can using fresh herb or oven dry use.Loach lives in Hu Chi, and body is minimum, only has three, four cun long.Its bodily form circle, body is short, and subcutaneous have ramentum, and color green grass or young crops is black, has been stained with the mucus of self from head to foot, thus satinyly cannot hold.Be a kind of fish that nutritive value is very high, it is not identical with other fish, no matter appearance, and the bodily form, life habit is all different, is a kind of special bullhead.Body is elongated, and leading portion is slightly cylindrical.Rear portion is flat-sided, belly circle, little, young, the next, the shape of a hoof.Eye is little, stings under anophthalmia.Palpus 5 is right.Squama is extremely tiny, circular, is embedded in subcutaneous.Body back and both sides grey black, entirety has many little black patches, and head and each fin also have many black splotches, and the spot on dorsal fin and tail fin film is arranged in rows, and caudal peduncle base portion has an obvious blackspot.Other each fin canescence.Loach is distributed widely in China of Asia bank, Japan, Korea, the ground such as Russia and India, edible, is used as medicine.
Duckweed, also known as: blue or green duckweed, Tian Ping, duckweed grass, water duckweed, duckweed grass are Lemnaceae water surface floating plant plants.Thallus is symmetrical, and surface is green, the light yellow or green white in the back side or be often purple, Quan Yuan, tool 3 not obvious veins; The back side hangs down raw white thread 1; Thallus back side tool capsule, neoleaflet forms emersion in capsule, is connected with parent with short handle, comes off subsequently; Female flower tool ovule 1 piece; The nearly gyroscope-like of fruit; Seed tool protrude endosperm and tool indulges rib.Herb can make the feed of livestock and poultry.Be used as medicine with whole herb with root, cold in nature, taste is pungent, function sweating promoting eruption, clearing away heat and promoting diuresis, cures mainly the diseases such as table evil heating, measles, oedema.
Tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress is perennial herb, and subterranean stem is obvious. stem stands up or bends.Often there is branch on top, high 20 ~ 2500px, complete stool Glabrous.Single leaf alternate, tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress has super accumulation ability to selenium.When Selenium in Soil content is 12mg/kg, the average Se content of plant is at more than 1000mg/kg, and concentration coefficient is very high, far super other plant, is therefore called as " king of poly-selenium " in plant.
With the bud green plant of both for medicine and food, tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress, blue or green duckweed, egg-shell meal, trash fish gruel slurry, poultry viscera rotten slurry, dried silkworm chrysalis meal etc. are equipped with corn, a kind of loach granule feed is gone out through processing and fabricating, be widely used in daily meat loach and make health-care nutritive complete feeding-stuffs, yet there are no its report and commercialized product.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to for developing with loach breeding industry at present, and market lacks the demand facilitating the inexpensive proprietary formula feed of resistance to storage, according to loach feeding habit and healthy aquaculture, select the rotten slurry of tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress, egg-shell meal, trash fish gruel slurry, the rotten slurry of poultry viscera, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, water flea dry powder, corn flour, the gruel of blue or green duckweed; Joining through optimizing to select, producing a kind of nutrient formulation feed of loach breeding.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of preparation method of loach feed, is characterized in that: adopt following steps:
A, the process of tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress: get fresh tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress, rinse well with clear water, after draining body surface water, put in 80-110 DEG C of drying baker and smoke 3-4 hour, pulverize after cooling and add the beater that pure water enters to be provided with 80-100 order mesh screen and beat into gruel, obtained tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress is rotten to be starched;
B, bird eggshell treatment: get new bird eggshell, put in clear water and clean, and after draining body surface water, puts the grinder entering 80-100 order mesh screen after smoking 1-2 hour in 80-110 DEG C of drying baker and pulverize, obtained egg-shell meal;
C, trash fish process: get new iced trash fish, after washing, drain body surface water, be cut into small pieces, and sends into steam box and cook, and drops into the beater that 70-120 order mesh screen is housed and beat into gruel after cooling, obtained trash fish gruel slurry;
D, poultry viscera process: by poultry viscera, put in clear water and clean, drain watery blood, be cut into small pieces, and sends into steam box and cook, and drops into the beater being provided with 70-120 order mesh screen and beat into gruel after cooling, obtained poultry viscera gruel slurry;
E, blue or green duckweed process: fresh blue or green duckweed is tedded 1-2 hour, removing impurity, the gruel of blue or green duckweed beaten into by the beater crossing 70-120 order mesh screen;
F, batching: tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress gruel slurry 5-8 weight portion, egg-shell meal 10-15 weight portion, trash fish gruel slurry 10-15 weight portion, poultry viscera gruel slurry 15-20 weight portion, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 3-5 weight portion, cod-liver oil 3-5 weight portion, dry ferment 3-5 weight portion, angelica powder 0.2-0.6 weight portion, water flea dry powder 7-10 weight portion salt 0.8-1 weight portion, corn flour 15-20 weight portion, the rotten 15-20 weight portion of blue or green duckweed;
G, mixing: corn flour, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, egg-shell meal, water flea dry powder blend are stirred after adding salt, successively rotten for trash fish slurry, dry ferment, angelica powder, poultry viscera gruel slurry are sent into mixer, then add rotten, the blue or green duckweed gruel of tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress, cod-liver oil makes compound;
H, extruding: by compound batch mixer, again mix, make diameter 5-10 base cake;
I, drying: sent in dryer by base cake, aridity controls 95% and manufactured goods after being crushed to 80-100 order.
Of the present inventionly provide a kind of animal and plant raw material to combine, have inexpensive, be rich in protein, multivitamin, trace element etc.; The particularly higher mud of the content of middle Dietary Selenium, loach has more the laudatory title of " ginseng in water " after absorbing.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1, a kind of preparation method of loach feed, is characterized in that: adopt following steps:
A, the process of tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress: get fresh tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress, rinse well with clear water, after draining body surface water, put in 110 DEG C of drying bakers and smoke 3 hours, pulverize after cooling and add the beater that pure water enters to be provided with 80 order mesh screens and beat into gruel, obtained tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress is rotten to be starched;
B, bird eggshell treatment: get new bird eggshell, put in clear water and clean, and after draining body surface water, puts the grinder entering 100 order mesh screens after smoking 2 hours in 80 drying bakers and pulverize, obtained egg-shell meal;
C, trash fish process: get new iced trash fish, after washing, drain body surface water, be cut into small pieces, and sends into steam box and cook, and drops into the beater that 70 order mesh screens are housed and beat into gruel after cooling, obtained trash fish gruel slurry;
D, poultry viscera process: by poultry viscera, put in clear water and clean, drain watery blood, be cut into small pieces, and sends into steam box and cook, and drops into the beater being provided with 70 order mesh screens and beat into gruel after cooling, obtained poultry viscera gruel slurry;
E, blue or green duckweed process: fresh blue or green duckweed is tedded 2 hours, removing impurity, the gruel of blue or green duckweed beaten into by the beater crossing 120 order mesh screens;
F, batching: tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress gruel slurry 5 weight portions, egg-shell meal 10 weight portion, trash fish gruel slurry 10 weight portions, poultry viscera gruel slurry 15 weight portions, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 3 weight portion, cod-liver oil 3 weight portion, dry ferment 3 weight portion, angelica powder 0.2 weight portion, water flea dry powder 7 weight, part salt 0.8 weight portion, corn flour 15 weight portion, rotten 15 weight portions of blue or green duckweed;
G, mixing: corn flour 15 weight portion, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 3 weight portion, egg-shell meal 10 weight portion, the mixing of water flea dry powder 7 weight portion are stirred after adding salt 0.8 weight portion, successively trash fish gruel slurry 10 weight portions, dry ferment 3 weight portion, angelica powder 0.2 weight portion, poultry viscera gruel slurry 15 weight portions are sent into mixers, then add rotten 5 weight portions of tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress, rotten 15 weight portions of blue or green duckweed, cod-liver oil 3 weight portion make compound;
H, extruding: by compound batch mixer, again mix, make diameter 5 base cake;
I, drying: sent in dryer by base cake, aridity controls 95% and manufactured goods after being crushed to 80 orders.
Embodiment 2, a kind of preparation method of loach feed, is characterized in that: adopt following steps:
A, the process of tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress: get fresh tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress, rinse well with clear water, after draining body surface water, put in 80 DEG C of drying bakers and smoke 4 hours, pulverize after cooling and add the beater that pure water enters to be provided with 100 order mesh screens and beat into gruel, obtained tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress is rotten to be starched;
B, bird eggshell treatment: get new bird eggshell, put in clear water and clean, and after draining body surface water, puts the grinder entering 100 order mesh screens after smoking 2 hours in 80 DEG C of drying bakers and pulverize, obtained egg-shell meal;
C, trash fish process: get new iced trash fish, after washing, drain body surface water, be cut into small pieces, and sends into steam box and cook, and drops into the beater that 120 order mesh screens are housed and beat into gruel after cooling, obtained trash fish gruel slurry;
D, poultry viscera process: by poultry viscera, put in clear water and clean, drain watery blood, be cut into small pieces, and sends into steam box and cook, and drops into the beater being provided with 120 order mesh screens and beat into gruel after cooling, obtained poultry viscera gruel slurry;
E, blue or green duckweed process: fresh blue or green duckweed is tedded 2 hours, removing impurity, the gruel of blue or green duckweed beaten into by the beater crossing 120 order mesh screens;
F, batching: tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress gruel slurry 8 weight portions, egg-shell meal 15 weight portion, trash fish gruel slurry 15 weight portions, poultry viscera gruel slurry 20 weight portions, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 5 weight portion, cod-liver oil 5 weight portion, dry ferment 5 weight portion, angelica powder 0.6 weight portion, water flea dry powder 10 weight portion, salt 1 weight portion, corn flour 20 weight portion, rotten 20 weight portions of blue or green duckweed;
G, mixing: corn flour 20 weight portion, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 5 weight portion, egg-shell meal 15 weight portion, the mixing of water flea dry powder 10 weight portion are stirred after adding salt 1 weight portion, successively trash fish gruel slurry 10 weight portions, dry ferment 5 weight portion, angelica powder 0.6 weight portion, poultry viscera gruel slurry 20 weight portions are sent into mixers, then add rotten 8 weight portions of tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress, rotten 20 weight portions of blue or green duckweed, cod-liver oil 5 weight portion make compound;
H, extruding: by compound batch mixer, again mix, make diameter 10 base cake;
I, drying: sent in dryer by base cake, aridity controls 95% and manufactured goods after being crushed to 80-100 order.
This feed be a kind of animal and plant raw material combine, have inexpensive, be rich in protein, multivitamin, trace element etc.; The particularly higher mud of the content of middle Dietary Selenium, loach has more the laudatory title of " ginseng in water " after absorbing.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, all equalization changes done according to the claims in the present invention scope, all should belong to the covering scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a preparation method for loach nutrient fodder, is characterized in that: adopt following steps:
A, the process of tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress: get fresh tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress, rinse well with clear water, after draining body surface water, put in 80-110 DEG C of drying baker and smoke 3-4 hour, pulverize after cooling and add the beater that pure water enters to be provided with 80-100 order mesh screen and beat into gruel, obtained tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress is rotten to be starched;
B, bird eggshell treatment: get new bird eggshell, put in clear water and clean, and after draining body surface water, puts the grinder entering 80-100 order mesh screen after smoking 1-2 hour in 80-110 DEG C of drying baker and pulverize, obtained egg-shell meal;
C, blue or green duckweed process: fresh blue or green duckweed is tedded 1-2 hour, removing impurity, the gruel of blue or green duckweed beaten into by the beater crossing 70-120 order mesh screen;
D, poultry viscera process: by poultry viscera, put in clear water and clean, drain watery blood, be cut into small pieces, and sends into steam box and cook, and drops into the beater being provided with 70-120 order mesh screen and beat into gruel after cooling, obtained poultry viscera gruel slurry;
E, trash fish process: get new iced trash fish, after washing, drain body surface water, be cut into small pieces, and sends into steam box and cook, and drops into the beater that 70-120 order mesh screen is housed and beat into gruel after cooling, obtained trash fish gruel slurry;
F, batching: tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress gruel slurry 5-8 weight portion, egg-shell meal 10-15 weight portion, trash fish gruel slurry 10-15 weight portion, poultry viscera gruel slurry 15-20 weight portion, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 3-5 weight portion, cod-liver oil 3-5 weight portion, dry ferment 3-5 weight portion, angelica powder 0.2-0.6 weight portion, water flea dry powder 7-10 weight portion, salt 0.8-1 weight portion, corn flour 15-20 weight portion, the rotten 15-20 weight portion of blue or green duckweed;
G, mixing: corn flour, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, egg-shell meal, water flea dry powder blend are stirred after adding salt, successively rotten for trash fish slurry, dry ferment, angelica powder, poultry viscera gruel slurry are sent into mixer, then add rotten, the blue or green duckweed gruel of tall bottle with spout Hairy Bittercress, cod-liver oil makes compound;
H, extruding: compound is entered batch mixer, mix again, makes diameter 5-10 base cake;
I, drying: sent in dryer by base cake, aridity controls 95% and manufactured goods after being crushed to 80-100 order.
CN201410200048.7A 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 Preparation method of nutritive loach fodder Active CN103947892B (en)

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CN105685380A (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-06-22 衡阳县春秋特种渔业养殖专业合作社 Loach feed rich in organic selenium and preparation method thereof
CN105685458A (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-06-22 衡阳县春秋特种渔业养殖专业合作社 Loach feed rich in zinc and organic selenium and preparation method thereof
CN104509458A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-15 太和县龙潭鱼牧业养殖有限公司 Loach flow cultivation method
CN105010805A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-11-04 周学固 Special disease-resistant feed for breeding loaches
CN105360734A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-02 刘心元 Making method of breeding feed for mole crickets

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CN101579049A (en) * 2008-05-16 2009-11-18 孙秀美 Preparation method of loach fodder
CN102273563A (en) * 2010-06-12 2011-12-14 李荣帮 Preparation method of feed for loach
CN102805249A (en) * 2011-05-29 2012-12-05 陈学德 Preparation method of feed for fattening yellow weasel quickly
CN103053805B (en) * 2012-11-30 2014-04-16 湖北盛硒生物科技有限公司 Selenium-rich feed additive and preparation method thereof
CN103099055A (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-05-15 徐玉文 Feed for breeding porcupines and preparation method thereof
CN103478440B (en) * 2013-06-28 2014-10-29 句容市创新果业专业合作社 Feed used for crayfish in growing period and preparation method thereof
CN103564218A (en) * 2013-10-09 2014-02-12 李民庆 Dog feed formula
CN103478051A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-01 苏州市相城区盛胡特种养殖专业合作社 Method for breeding artificial aeguidens rivulatus fries by nano feeds

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Patentee before: Xu Yuwen

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