CN103947409A - Green and high-yield planting method of pitaya - Google Patents

Green and high-yield planting method of pitaya Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103947409A
CN103947409A CN201410161156.8A CN201410161156A CN103947409A CN 103947409 A CN103947409 A CN 103947409A CN 201410161156 A CN201410161156 A CN 201410161156A CN 103947409 A CN103947409 A CN 103947409A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
dragon fruit
branch
seedling
pitaya
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CN201410161156.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵志凯
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张家港市现代农业投资有限公司
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Priority to CN201410161156.8A priority Critical patent/CN103947409A/en
Publication of CN103947409A publication Critical patent/CN103947409A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a green and high-yield planting method of pitaya. The method comprises the following steps of (1) cuttage of pitaya seedlings; (2) cultivation of the pitaya seedlings; (3) planting of the pitaya seedlings; (4) growing environment of the pitaya seedlings; (5) pruning of the pitaya seedlings; (6) fertilization of pitaya plants; (7) management on a pitaya orchard; (8) disease control on the pitaya plants; (9) bearing of the pitaya plants. According to the planting method, no farm chemicals are used during the whole process, except farmyard manure; the price is low; no pollution is caused; the fertilization is implemented at four stages, so that the yield of the pitaya is improved.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of green high yield dragon fruit
Technical field
The present invention relates to implantation methods field, particularly relate to a kind of implantation methods of green high yield dragon fruit.
Background technology
Dragon fruit, originate in Central America, it is the torrid zone, one of semi-tropical famous fruit, after import Vietnam into, the countries in Southeast Asia such as Thailand and Chinese Taiwan Province, the Hainan in current continent, Guangxi, Guangdong, Introduction And Trial has also been carried out in the provinces and regions such as Fujian, dragon fruit is nutritious, function is unique, it contains the rare vegetalitas albumin of general plant and anthocyan, abundant vitamin and water-soluble dietary fiber, its ovalize, diameter 10 ~ 12cm, outward appearance is red or yellow, there is the leg-of-mutton thallus of green fillet, white, red or yellow pulp, there is melanospermous fruit, belong to cool property.Under nature, fruit is ripe in the autumn in summer, and taste is sweet, succulence.
Be badly in need of in the market a kind of implantation methods of green high yield dragon fruit.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of implantation methods of green high yield dragon fruit.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of implantation methods of green high yield dragon fruit is provided, comprises the following steps:
(1) dragon fruit seedling cuttage, in February-April, selects the substantial stipes of growth, is cut into the segment of long 13-16cm, inserts husky bed after wound is air-dry, within approximately 15~30 days, can take root, and transplant bed when root grows to 3~4cm;
(2) dragon fruit seedling is cultivated, execute Chicken dung or cow dung 1500~2000kg for every 667 square metres, mix rice husk ash 1000kg, fully stir evenly, when whole ground, impose on the topsoil of 10~20cm below furrow face, with hoe, fully stir, then seedling is pressed to seeding row spacing 3cm kind in seedbed, water permeablely, wait and grow the full stem section of first segment stem meat, can go out garden;
(3) plantation of dragon fruit, neutral many concrete columns or pin on ground, the seeding row spacing of post is 1.5m * 2m, at the plantation 3-4 of surrounding of post strain dragon fruit seedling;
(4) growing environment of dragon fruit, will go out the dragon fruit seedling in garden, is planted in temperature at 25~35 ℃, and in loosing soil, the sandy loam that fertile, granular structure is good, pH value 6~7.5, implants about 3CM deeply by seedling;
(5) pruning of flue fruit branch, retain the upwards growth of a major branch, other side shoot of erasing, fruit seedling grows to after 1.5 meters high along cement pole, top branch is shattered into umbrella to four sides, and after the growth of fruit seedling is vigorous, the branch of selection 2/3 draws the sagging branch of bearing fruit, 1/3 branch upwards growth is made vegetative shoot and the standby branch of bearing fruit, and the old branch after bearing fruit is progressively pruned off;
(6) fertilising of dragon fruit, adopts oil cake slag, chicken manure, the pig manure of 1: 2: 7, mainly take farmyard manure as main, and the plant after bearing fruit is generally divided spring, summer, autumn, 4 fertilisings in winter;
(7) flue orchard management, between the plant of dragon fruit, plants the grass of a little, cultivates the chicken of a little in the ranks;
(8) disease control of dragon fruit, when there is rot, reaches fine days more than 36 degree in temperature, and the cutter disinfecting in alcohol, excises disease portion or separate the drainage of disease portion;
(9) dragon fruit result, can blossom and bear fruit in annual 4~November, within solid latter 35~45 days, can ripely pluck.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the thickness of the husky bed in step (1) is 8-12cm.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in step (3), 0.07 hectare can be planted 700 strain left and right.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the implantation methods of a kind of green high yield dragon fruit of the present invention, this implantation methods whole process is not all used agricultural chemicals, but the farmyard manure adopting, price is low, pollution-free, adopts four-stage fertilising, has improved the output of dragon fruit.
Embodiment
Below the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiment.Embodiment based in the present invention, those of ordinary skills, not making all other embodiment that obtain under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
The implantation methods of a kind of green high yield dragon fruit of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
(1) dragon fruit seedling cuttage, in February-April, selects the substantial stipes of growth, is cut into the segment of long 13-16cm, inserts husky bed after wound is air-dry, within approximately 15~30 days, can take root, and transplant bed when root grows to 3~4cm, the fruit seedling cost of cultivation is lower voluntarily, and survival rate is high;
(2) dragon fruit seedling is cultivated, execute Chicken dung or cow dung 1500~2000kg for every 667 square metres, mix rice husk ash 1000kg, fully stir evenly, when whole ground, impose on the topsoil of 10~20cm below furrow face, with hoe, fully stir, then seedling is pressed to seeding row spacing 3cm kind in seedbed, water permeablely, wait and grow the full stem section of first segment stem meat, can go out garden;
(3) plantation of dragon fruit, neutral many concrete columns or pin on ground, the seeding row spacing of post is 1.5m * 2m, and at the plantation 3-4 of surrounding of post strain dragon fruit seedling, advantage is that production cost is low, and land utilization rate is high;
(4) growing environment of dragon fruit, will go out the dragon fruit seedling in garden, is planted in temperature at 25~35 ℃, and in loosing soil, the sandy loam that fertile, granular structure is good, pH value 6~7.5, implants about 3CM deeply by seedling;
(5) pruning of flue fruit branch, retain the upwards growth of a major branch, other side shoot of erasing, fruit seedling grows to after 1.5 meters high along cement pole, top branch is shattered into umbrella to four sides, and after the growth of fruit seedling is vigorous, the branch of selection 2/3 draws the sagging branch of bearing fruit, 1/3 branch upwards growth is made vegetative shoot and the standby branch of bearing fruit, and the old branch after bearing fruit is progressively pruned off;
(6) fertilising of dragon fruit, adopt oil cake slag, chicken manure, the pig manure of 1: 2: 7, mainly take farmyard manure as main, and the plant after bearing fruit is generally divided 4 fertilisings of spring, summer, autumn, winter, effect be respectively promote to sprout, short spring tip growth, blossom and bear fruit and fruit picking after rejuvenation;
(7) flue orchard management, between the plant of dragon fruit, plants the grass of a little,, strengthen plant absorption function, promote growth, in the ranks, cultivate the chicken of a little, chicken is the jinx of termite and worm, prevents from occurring in garden insect pest;
(8) disease control of dragon fruit, when there is rot, reaches fine days more than 36 degree in temperature, and the cutter disinfecting in alcohol, excises disease portion or separate the drainage of disease portion, the method environmental protection, clean hygiene;
(9) dragon fruit result, can blossom and bear fruit in annual 4~November, within solid latter 35~45 days, can ripely pluck, while gathering, should partly be cut and subsidiary part stem meat by carpopodium, with the fruit comparison storage tolerance of carpopodium, avoid downthrust, in order to avoid cause mechanical damage simultaneously.If after gathering late, may cause dehiscent fruit and the blackening of pericarp local color, thereby affect the value of commodity.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the thickness of the husky bed in step (1) is 8-12cm, at 1/4th of dragon fruit seedling, is placed in husky bed surface, is more conducive to the growth of dragon fruit seedling.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, 0.07 hectare can be planted 700 strains left and right in step (3), plantation number can determine according to actual planting density.
The implantation methods of a kind of green high yield dragon fruit of the present invention, has solved the defect in technical scheme, and this implantation methods whole process is not all used agricultural chemicals, but the farmyard manure adopting, price is low, pollution-free, adopts four-stage fertilising, has improved the output of dragon fruit.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes description of the present invention to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. an implantation methods for green high yield dragon fruit, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) dragon fruit seedling cuttage, in February-April, selects the substantial stipes of growth, is cut into the segment of long 13-16cm, inserts husky bed after wound is air-dry, within approximately 15~30 days, can take root, and transplant bed when root grows to 3~4cm;
(2) dragon fruit seedling is cultivated, execute Chicken dung or cow dung 1500~2000kg for every 667 square metres, mix rice husk ash 1000kg, fully stir evenly, when whole ground, impose on the topsoil of 10~20cm below furrow face, with hoe, fully stir, then seedling is pressed to seeding row spacing 3cm kind in seedbed, water permeablely, wait and grow the full stem section of first segment stem meat, can go out garden;
(3) plantation of dragon fruit, neutral many concrete columns or pin on ground, the seeding row spacing of post is 1.5m * 2m, at the plantation 3-4 of surrounding of post strain dragon fruit seedling;
(4) growing environment of dragon fruit, will go out the dragon fruit seedling in garden, is planted in temperature at 25~35 ℃, and in loosing soil, the sandy loam that fertile, granular structure is good, pH value 6~7.5, implants about 3CM deeply by seedling;
(5) pruning of flue fruit branch, retain the upwards growth of a major branch, other side shoot of erasing, fruit seedling grows to after 1.5 meters high along cement pole, top branch is shattered into umbrella to four sides, and after the growth of fruit seedling is vigorous, the branch of selection 2/3 draws the sagging branch of bearing fruit, 1/3 branch upwards growth is made vegetative shoot and the standby branch of bearing fruit, and the old branch after bearing fruit is progressively pruned off;
(6) fertilising of dragon fruit, adopts oil cake slag, chicken manure, the pig manure of 1: 2: 7, mainly take farmyard manure as main, and the plant after bearing fruit is generally divided spring, summer, autumn, 4 fertilisings in winter;
(7) flue orchard management, between the plant of dragon fruit, plants the grass of a little, cultivates the chicken of a little in the ranks;
(8) disease control of dragon fruit, when there is rot, reaches fine days more than 36 degree in temperature, and the cutter disinfecting in alcohol, excises disease portion or separate the drainage of disease portion;
(9) dragon fruit result, can blossom and bear fruit in annual 4~November, within solid latter 35~45 days, can ripely pluck.
2. the implantation methods of green high yield dragon fruit according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the thickness of the husky bed in step (1) is 8-12cm.
3. the implantation methods of green high yield dragon fruit according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in step (3), 0.07 hectare can be planted 700 strain left and right.
CN201410161156.8A 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 Green and high-yield planting method of pitaya CN103947409A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104303783A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-01-28 重庆市地龙农业有限公司 Cultivating method of dragon fruits
CN104584837A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-06 贵州省果树科学研究所 Trimming method for advancing fruiting of pitaya
CN104871757A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-09-02 广德县菁菁果业专业合作社 Pitaya planting method
CN104920149A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-23 中国科学院华南植物园 Method for promoting coconut trees or pandanus tectorius to settle down and bear fruits in non-coastal sandy land
CN105052507A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-11-18 云南昌润生态农业科技开发有限责任公司 Pitaya breeding method
CN105123228A (en) * 2015-09-06 2015-12-09 安徽鹏翔生态农业有限公司 Planting method for greenhouse dragon fruit
CN105191727A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-30 淮北市四季蔬菜种植有限公司 Dragon fruit planting method
CN105612986A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-06-01 广西绿希望农业发展有限公司 Planting method of selenium-rich pitaya
CN105960983A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-28 广州大丘有机农产有限公司 Dragon fruit planting method using growing grass to resist coldness
CN105981548A (en) * 2015-02-11 2016-10-05 郑德剑 Method for interplanting lemongrass among pitaya
CN106171457A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-07 宜兴龙林有机种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of Hylocereus undatus
CN106489466A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-03-15 广西汇智生产力促进中心有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of high-quality dragon fruit
CN106489468A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-03-15 广西汇智生产力促进中心有限公司 A kind of method of efficient plantation dragon fruit
CN106489467A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-03-15 广西汇智生产力促进中心有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of good quality and high output dragon fruit
CN106613103A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-05-10 大连馨悦农业开发有限公司 Greenhouse planting method for dragon fruits
CN107006323A (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-08-04 广西农业职业技术学院 A kind of dragon fruit implantation methods
CN107318409A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-11-07 太仓市秀兴农场专业合作社 A kind of breeding method of nuisanceless red heart dragon fruit Peak output

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CN103380685A (en) * 2012-05-02 2013-11-06 田荣侠 Method for greenhouse planting of pitaya in north
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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104303783A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-01-28 重庆市地龙农业有限公司 Cultivating method of dragon fruits
CN104584837A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-06 贵州省果树科学研究所 Trimming method for advancing fruiting of pitaya
CN105981548A (en) * 2015-02-11 2016-10-05 郑德剑 Method for interplanting lemongrass among pitaya
CN104871757A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-09-02 广德县菁菁果业专业合作社 Pitaya planting method
CN104920149A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-23 中国科学院华南植物园 Method for promoting coconut trees or pandanus tectorius to settle down and bear fruits in non-coastal sandy land
CN105052507A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-11-18 云南昌润生态农业科技开发有限责任公司 Pitaya breeding method
CN105123228A (en) * 2015-09-06 2015-12-09 安徽鹏翔生态农业有限公司 Planting method for greenhouse dragon fruit
CN105191727A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-30 淮北市四季蔬菜种植有限公司 Dragon fruit planting method
CN105612986A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-06-01 广西绿希望农业发展有限公司 Planting method of selenium-rich pitaya
CN105612986B (en) * 2015-12-23 2018-05-29 广西绿希望农业发展有限公司 The implantation methods of selenium-rich dragon fruit
CN105960983A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-28 广州大丘有机农产有限公司 Dragon fruit planting method using growing grass to resist coldness
CN106171457A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-07 宜兴龙林有机种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of Hylocereus undatus
CN106489468A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-03-15 广西汇智生产力促进中心有限公司 A kind of method of efficient plantation dragon fruit
CN106489467A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-03-15 广西汇智生产力促进中心有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of good quality and high output dragon fruit
CN106489466A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-03-15 广西汇智生产力促进中心有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of high-quality dragon fruit
CN106613103A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-05-10 大连馨悦农业开发有限公司 Greenhouse planting method for dragon fruits
CN107006323A (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-08-04 广西农业职业技术学院 A kind of dragon fruit implantation methods
CN107318409A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-11-07 太仓市秀兴农场专业合作社 A kind of breeding method of nuisanceless red heart dragon fruit Peak output

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