CN103940118B - Solar power system - Google Patents

Solar power system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103940118B
CN103940118B CN201410008592.1A CN201410008592A CN103940118B CN 103940118 B CN103940118 B CN 103940118B CN 201410008592 A CN201410008592 A CN 201410008592A CN 103940118 B CN103940118 B CN 103940118B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
heat exchange
those
exchanging
exchange
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410008592.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103940118A (en
Inventor
陈晃涵
Original Assignee
陈晃涵
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Publication date
Priority to TW102201258U priority Critical patent/TWM469450U/en
Priority to TW102201258 priority
Application filed by 陈晃涵 filed Critical 陈晃涵
Publication of CN103940118A publication Critical patent/CN103940118A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103940118B publication Critical patent/CN103940118B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F3/00Plate-like or laminated elements; Assemblies of plate-like or laminated elements
    • F28F3/08Elements constructed for building-up into stacks, e.g. capable of being taken apart for cleaning
    • F28F3/086Elements constructed for building-up into stacks, e.g. capable of being taken apart for cleaning having one or more openings therein forming tubular heat-exchange passages
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D9/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary plate-like or laminated conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall
    • F28D9/0062Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary plate-like or laminated conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits for one heat-exchange medium being formed by spaced plates with inserted elements
    • F28D9/0075Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary plate-like or laminated conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits for one heat-exchange medium being formed by spaced plates with inserted elements the plates having openings therein for circulation of the heat-exchange medium from one conduit to another
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/46Conversion of thermal power into mechanical power, e.g. Rankine, Stirling or solar thermal engines

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of solar power system, comprise multiple heat exchange module, a heating unit, a power generation arrangement, a power switching device, an electrical storage device and fluid passage.Each heat exchange module comprises a heat exchanger, a pedestal and a heat build-up unit.Heat exchanger comprises first, second heat exchange group.A heat exchange space is formed between these two adjacent heat exchange groups.Heat build-up unit will focus to heat exchanger sunshine, then produce phase change through the auxiliary heat-exchange fluid flowing through these heat exchangers that can allow of heating unit, produce mechanical energy to drive this power generation arrangement.Mechanical energy is converted to electric energy through power switching device, and is stored in electrical storage device.Fluid passage is communicated between the heat exchange space of heat exchanger, heating unit and this power generation arrangement.

Description

Solar power system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar power system, particularly relate to a kind of solar power system with multiple heat exchange module, wherein each heat exchange module can allow heat-exchange fluid fully carry out disturbance operation in heat exchange space.
Background technology
Now, fossil energy drains off, and fossil energy can cause earth environment to pollute day by day seriously, and therefore the utilization of some natural energy sources or the renewable sources of energy comes into one's own gradually at present.
Therefore, many experts have begun one's study the application of the various renewable sources of energy, and wherein solar energy is a kind of natural energy source the most feasible.Current utilization solar power conversion equipment carries out generating electricity increasingly extensive, and future is under the active demand that shortage and environmental consciousness come back gradually of the Depletion energy, utilizes solar power conversion equipment to become more and more important especially.But the photoelectric transformation efficiency of solar power system general is at present not good, more economically effectively desired power level cannot be provided.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of solar power system, its heat exchanger can increase the contact area of fin and heat-exchange fluid significantly, effectively carries out heat exchange operation, and then improves the photoelectric transformation efficiency of solar power system significantly.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of solar power system, it has multiple interconnective heat exchanger, and then can improve the temperature of heat-exchange fluid step by step, and reaches the effect of saving the energy.
The invention provides a kind of solar power system, it is suitable for be converted to an electric energy sunshine.This solar power system comprises multiple heat exchange module, a heating unit, a power generation arrangement, a power switching device, an electrical storage device and fluid passage.Respectively this heat exchange module comprises a heat exchanger, a pedestal and a heat build-up unit.Heat exchanger comprises one first heat exchange group and one second heat exchange group.First heat exchange group comprises multiple first heat-exchanging fin, and respectively this first heat-exchanging fin has a first noumenon and is located at least one first extension of side of this first noumenon, and respectively this first extension extends towards a first direction from this first noumenon.Second heat exchange group comprises multiple second heat-exchanging fin, respectively this second heat-exchanging fin has one second body and is located at least one second extension of side of this second body, respectively this second extension extends towards a second direction from this second body, and this first direction and this second direction are rightabout.Wherein, this the first heat exchange group axially connects along one first with this second heat exchange group, and those first heat-exchanging fins and those the second heat-exchanging fins axially arrange alternately along one second, form a heat exchange space between this first heat exchange group and this second heat exchange group, a heat-exchange fluid circulates in this heat exchange space.
From the above, this heat exchanger arrangement is in this pedestal, and this heat build-up unit is set up in this pedestal, and is suitable for receiving this sunshine, and this sunshine is focused to this heat exchanger.One end of this heating unit connects with those heat exchange modules, makes this heat-exchange fluid flowed out through those heat exchange modules produce a phase change.One end of this power generation arrangement connects with the other end of this heating unit, and is suitable for driving this power generation arrangement to produce a mechanical energy through this heat-exchange fluid of this phase change.This power switching device connects with this power generation arrangement, and this mechanical energy is converted to this electric energy.This electrical storage device connects with this power switching device, and stores this electric energy.This fluid passage is communicated between this heat exchange space of respectively this heat exchanger, this heating unit and this power generation arrangement.
In one embodiment of this invention, this first heat-exchanging fin also comprises one first junction surface, this first junction surface extends towards this first direction from this first noumenon, this second heat-exchanging fin also comprises one second junction surface, this second junction surface extends towards this second direction from this second body, when this first heat exchange group connects along this first axis with this second heat exchange group, this first junction surface of those the first heat-exchanging fins engages with this second junction surface of those the second heat-exchanging fins, and those first heat-exchanging fins arrange along this second axially spaced-apart, those second heat-exchanging fins arrange along this second axially spaced-apart.
In one embodiment of this invention, this first extension to be greater than from this first noumenon the region that this first junction surface extends towards this first direction from this first noumenon towards the region that this first direction extends, this second extension to be greater than from this second body the region that this second junction surface extends towards this second direction from this second body towards the region that this second direction extends.
In one embodiment of this invention, this the first heat exchange group and this second heat exchange component do not comprise multiple 3rd heat-exchanging fin, 3rd heat-exchanging fin is configured between two adjacent those first heat-exchanging fins, 3rd heat-exchanging fin is configured between two adjacent those second heat-exchanging fins, and respectively the 3rd heat-exchanging fin comprises one the 3rd body and one the 3rd junction surface.
In one embodiment of this invention, respectively the 3rd body of this first noumenon and the 3rd adjacent heat-exchanging fin overlaps, and respectively the 3rd body of this second body and the 3rd adjacent heat-exchanging fin overlaps.
In one embodiment of this invention, when this first heat exchange group connects along this first axis with this second heat exchange group, this first extension in this first heat exchange group is connected to the 3rd heat-exchanging fin in this second heat exchange group on its bearing of trend, this second extension in this second heat exchange group be connected in this first heat exchange group on its bearing of trend the 3rd heat-exchanging fin.
In one embodiment of this invention, this the first heat exchange group and this second heat exchange component do not comprise multiple 4th heat-exchanging fin, those the 4th heat-exchanging fins are configured at the both sides of this first heat exchange group and this second heat exchange group respectively, make to form this closed heat exchange space between those first heat-exchanging fins, those second heat-exchanging fins and those the 3rd heat-exchanging fins.
In one embodiment of this invention, heat exchanger also comprises multiple seal, be configured between those adjacent first heat-exchanging fins, those second heat-exchanging fins and those the 3rd heat-exchanging fins, and be configured between two adjacent those the 4th heat-exchanging fins.
In one embodiment of this invention, this heat exchanger also comprises an access road and an exit passageway, communicate with this fluid passage, respectively this exit passageway of this heat exchanger is suitable for connecting with this access road of another adjacent this heat exchanger, and this access road and this exit passageway communicate with this heat exchange space, circulate for this heat-exchange fluid, and this access road and this exit passageway are along the two diagonal position places of this first axial arrangement in this heat exchange space.
In one embodiment of this invention, this heat build-up unit is a Fresnel Lenses (FRESNELLENS).
In one embodiment of this invention, those heat exchange modules arrange with array way.
In one embodiment of this invention, those heat exchange modules form multiple arranged in series, and those arranged in series connect in parallel again.
In one embodiment of this invention, respectively this first extension of this first heat-exchanging fin does not overlap with this second extension of this second heat-exchanging fin in the view field of this second heat-exchanging fin place plane.
In one embodiment of this invention, this first extension of this first heat exchange group and this second extension of this adjacent the second heat exchange group are configured at this heat exchange space alternately.
In one embodiment of this invention, this heat exchange is spatially located between this first noumenon of this first heat exchange group and this second body of this adjacent the second heat exchange group.
In one embodiment of this invention, those first extensions of this first heat exchange group are along one the 3rd axially-aligned in this corresponding the first noumenon, and those second extensions of this second heat exchange group are along the 3rd axially-aligned in this corresponding second body.
In one embodiment of this invention, respectively this first extension of this heat exchange group in the view field of adjacent this heat exchange group its this second heat-exchanging fin place plane another between two adjacent those second extensions, and to be separated by a spacing with this adjacent 2 second extension, respectively this first noumenon and respectively this second body be " ︱ " type structure, and respectively this first extension and respectively this second extension be the arrangement of rectangle lamellar body, extend from should " ︱ " type structure.
In one embodiment of this invention, this second heat-exchanging fin is the kenel of this first heat-exchanging fin along this first axial rotation 180 degree, and this first heat-exchanging fin and this second heat-exchanging fin are dentation fin.
In one embodiment of this invention, respectively this first extension of this first heat-exchanging fin partly overlaps in the view field of this second heat-exchanging fin place plane and this second extension of this second heat-exchanging fin.
In one embodiment of this invention, this heat exchange is spatially located between this first noumenon of this first heat exchange group and this second body of this second heat exchange group.
In one embodiment of this invention, this first extension is provided with multiple first conduction trough structure, this second extension is provided with multiple second conduction trough structure, and this first heat exchange group its respectively this first conduction trough structure and this adjacent the second heat exchange group its respectively this second conduction trough structure division be superimposed.
In one embodiment of this invention, this heat exchange group its respectively this first conduction trough structure and adjacent this heat exchange group another its respectively this second conduction trough structure communicate, to form this heat exchange space.
In one embodiment of this invention, the while of this first heat exchange group its this first conduction trough structure, this second conduction trough structure adjacent with this adjacent the second heat exchange group its at least four communicates.
In one embodiment of this invention, in those adjacent the second conduction trough structures at least two along this first axially-aligned, at least two edges and this first axially perpendicular another axially-aligned.
In one embodiment of this invention, those the first conduction trough structures are arranged by three group of first conduction trough and formed, those the second conduction trough structures are arranged by three group of second conduction trough and formed, this the first heat exchange group its those first conduction trough arranges one of them and arrange with this adjacent the second heat exchange group its those second conduction trough simultaneously and be superimposed, and communicates with its this second conduction trough structure that respectively this second conduction trough arranges of this adjacent the second heat exchange group while of respectively this first conduction trough structure of this first conduction trough arrangement.
In one embodiment of this invention, the arrangement of those first conduction troughs and the arrangement of those second conduction troughs comprise two groups of triangle conduction trough arrangements and one group of quadrangle conduction trough arrangement respectively, and those triangle conduction troughs are arranged in the both sides of this quadrangle conduction trough arrangement.
In one embodiment of this invention, the arrangement of its this quadrangle conduction trough of this heat exchange group arranges with this quadrangle conduction trough of adjacent this heat exchange group another simultaneously and two these triangle conduction troughs arrange and communicate, those the first conduction trough structures are the combination of diamond structure and triangular structure, and those the second conduction trough structures are the combination of diamond structure and triangular structure.
In one embodiment of this invention, respectively this first noumenon and respectively this second body be " ︱ " type structure, and respectively this first extension is one first fenestral fabric, this second extension is one second fenestral fabric, this first fenestral fabric and this second fenestral fabric extend from should " ︱ " type structure, and the entity part in this first heat exchange group its this first fenestral fabric overlaps with the entity part in this adjacent the second heat exchange group its this second fenestral fabric is staggered.
In one embodiment of this invention, this second heat-exchanging fin is the kenel of this first heat-exchanging fin along this first axial rotation 180 degree.
In one embodiment of this invention, this the first heat exchange group also comprises a heat exchanger plate, those first heat-exchanging fins are spaced on this heat exchanger plate, this the second heat exchange group also comprises another heat exchanger plate, and those second heat-exchanging fins are spaced on this heat exchanger plate another, and focus to this heat exchanger plate of this first heat exchange group this sunshine.
In one embodiment of this invention, this power generation arrangement is a steam drive unit, and this phase transformation turns to liquid phase is gas phase.
Based on above-mentioned, in solar power system of the present invention, heat exchanger formed primarily of one first heat exchange group and one second heat exchange group, forms a heat exchange space between two adjacent heat-exchanging fin groups.Wherein, be provided with interlaced fin in heat exchange space, the design of this fin allows the abundant disturbance in this heat exchange space of heat exchange flow physical efficiency.In detail, fin respectively from two adjacent heat-exchanging fin groups can allow the heat-exchange fluid flowing to this heat exchange space constantly be forced to shunting and interflow, to increase the contact area between heat-exchange fluid and fin significantly, add the efficiency that heat-exchange fluid carries out heat exchange operation.
In addition, those heat exchange modules arrange in the mode be bonded with each other by the present invention.For example, these heat exchange modules can form multiple arranged in series, and those arranged in series connect in parallel again.Thus, these interconnective heat exchangers can improve temperature to condition of high temperature of heat-exchange fluid step by step.Therefore, when if desired high-temperature vapour carrys out propulsion power equipment, only need that the heat-exchange fluid of the above-mentioned condition of high temperature is slightly done heating by a heating unit and can produce steam and carry out propulsion power equipment, to produce mechanical energy, and this mechanical energy is converted to this electric energy.The present invention, except having the effect of the saving energy, also can improve the photoelectric transformation efficiency of solar power system significantly.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 illustrates the schematic diagram of the solar power system of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 illustrates the stereogram of the heat exchange module of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 A illustrates the stereogram of the heat exchanger of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 B illustrates that the heat exchanger of Fig. 3 A is in the generalized section of L1-L3 plane;
Fig. 4 A illustrates the decomposed figure of the heat exchanger of Fig. 3 A;
Fig. 4 B illustrates that the heat exchanger of Fig. 3 A is in the decomposed figure at another visual angle;
Fig. 5 illustrates the part first heat exchange group of Fig. 4 A and the exploded view of part second heat exchange group;
Fig. 6 A illustrates the stereogram of the part first heat exchange group of Fig. 4 A;
Fig. 6 B illustrates the stereogram that the part second heat exchange group of Fig. 4 B and access road and exit passageway combine;
Fig. 7 A illustrates the stereogram that its first heat-exchanging fin of the first heat exchange group of Fig. 5 and the second heat exchange group one second heat-exchanging fin combine;
Fig. 7 B illustrates the stereogram that its first heat-exchanging fin of the first heat exchange group of Fig. 5 and the second heat exchange group its another second heat-exchanging fin combine;
Fig. 8 illustrates that the heat exchanger of Fig. 3 A is in the partial cutaway schematic view of L2-L3 plane;
Fig. 9 illustrates the sectional view of the heat exchanger of another embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 10 A illustrates the schematic diagram that its first heat-exchanging fin of the first heat exchange group of Fig. 9 and its second heat-exchanging fin of the second heat exchange group combine;
Figure 10 B illustrates the stereogram of the heat-exchanging fin combination of Figure 10 A;
Figure 10 C illustrates the stereogram that its first heat-exchanging fin of the first heat exchange group of Fig. 9 and the second heat exchange group its another second heat-exchanging fin combine;
Figure 10 D illustrates that first heat-exchanging fin of Figure 10 B and the second heat-exchanging fin are in the exploded view at another visual angle;
Figure 11 illustrates the schematic diagram of its indoor design of heating unit of one embodiment of the invention.
Reference numeral
1: heat exchange module 2: heating unit
3: power generation arrangement 4: power switching device
5: electrical storage device 6: fluid passage
10,10 ': heat exchanger 10A, 10B: the surface of heat exchanger
14: locking part 16: seal
18A: access road 18B: exit passageway
20: pedestal 30: heat build-up unit
100: the first heat exchange group 100A, the 100B: the first heat-exchanging fin
110A, 110B: the first noumenon 120A, 120B: the first extension
122: the first conduction trough structure 130A: the first junction surfaces
200: the second heat exchange group 200A, the 200B: the second heat-exchanging fin
210A, 210B: second body 220A, 220B: the second extension
222, the 222A, 222B, 222C, 222D: second conduction trough structure
230A: the second junction surface 300A: the three heat-exchanging fin
310A: the three body 330A: the three junction surface
A1, A2, A3: first conduction trough arrangement B1, B2, B3: the second conduction trough arrangement
C: recess C1, C2: passage
D1: first direction D2: second direction
D: spacing F: heat-exchange fluid
L1: the first axial L2: the second axially
L3: the three axial S: solar power system
S1, S2: heat exchange space
Detailed description of the invention
For above and other objects of the present invention, feature, advantage and embodiment can be become apparent, appended accompanying drawing is below coordinated to be described in detail.
Fig. 1 illustrates the schematic diagram of the solar power system of one embodiment of the invention, and Fig. 2 illustrates the stereogram of the heat exchange module of Fig. 1.Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the solar power system S of the present embodiment is suitable for be converted to an electric energy sunshine, and solar power system S comprises multiple heat exchange module 1, heating unit 2, power generation arrangement 3, power switching device 4, electrical storage device 5 and fluid passage 6.Wherein, each heat exchange module 1 comprises heat exchanger 10, pedestal 20 and a heat build-up unit 30.Wherein, heat build-up unit 30 is such as Fresnel Lenses (FRESNELLENS).In the present embodiment, each heat exchanger 10 is provided with a heat exchange space, and heat exchange space is suitable for for heat-exchange fluid circulation (about the definition in heat exchange space, will elaborate below).In addition, heat exchanger 10 is configured at pedestal 20, and heat build-up unit 30 is set up in pedestal 20.
Wherein, the fluid passage 6 of the present embodiment is suitable for for heat-exchange fluid circulation equally, and fluid passage 6 is communicated between the heat exchange space of these heat exchangers 10, heating unit 2 and power generation arrangement 3.In the present embodiment, the heat build-up unit 30 of each heat exchange module 1 is suitable for receiving sunshine, and will focus to heat exchanger 10 sunshine.Circulate in heat-exchange fluid in heat exchanger 10 via with the heat exchange action of heat exchanger 10 after, namely its temperature can raise.
It is worth mentioning that, multiple heat exchange module of the present invention such as can array way arrangement.For example, these heat exchange modules 1 can first form multiple arranged in series, then these arranged in series are connected in parallel.Heat-exchange fluid is flowing through such serial connection and arrangement, and after carrying out heat exchange operation with corresponding heat exchanger, each arranged in series above-mentioned can synchronously allow the temperature of heat-exchange fluid rise to a condition of high temperature.In detail, because each heat exchanger all can make circulation heat exchange fluid temperature in the inner raise via corresponding heat build-up unit 30, therefore the temperature of heat-exchange fluid can be increased to a condition of high temperature gradually along with the quantity of flowed through heat exchanger.This condition of high temperature is such as the temperature of liquid close to vaporization.In the present embodiment, heat exchange module illustrated in fig. 1 only for nine, but does not do any restriction at this herein.All by multiple heat exchange module 1 mutually group fetch the mode improving circulation heat exchange fluid temperature in the inner gradually and all belong to spirit of the present invention and category.
From the above, one end of the heating unit 2 of the present embodiment connects with these heat exchange modules 1, and it can make the heat-exchange fluid flowed out through these heat exchange modules 1 produce a phase change.That is heating unit 2 can make the high-temperature hot replacement fluids such as still presenting liquid state be heated and be vaporizated into steam, and then carries out follow-up power conversion operation.In detail, in the present embodiment, one end of power generation arrangement 3 connects with the other end of heating unit 2, and namely the steam therefore flowed out through heating unit 2 is suitable for driving power generation arrangement 3 to produce a mechanical energy.Power switching device 4 connects with power generation arrangement 3, and mechanical energy is converted to electric energy.Electrical storage device 5 connects with power switching device 4, and stores above-mentioned electric energy.Thus, the good power generation operation of photoelectric transformation efficiency can be completed.The good power generation operation of above-mentioned photoelectric transformation efficiency mainly needs the heat exchanger with good heat exchange operation to coordinate, and the heat produced to allow sunshine can be converted to heat-exchange fluid fully.Therefore.Hereinafter will describe heat exchanger of the present invention in detail.
Fig. 3 A illustrates the stereogram of the heat exchanger of one embodiment of the invention, Fig. 3 B illustrates that the heat exchanger of Fig. 3 A is in the generalized section of L1-L3 plane, Fig. 4 A illustrates the decomposed figure of the heat exchanger of Fig. 3 A, Fig. 4 B illustrates that the heat exchanger of Fig. 3 A is in the decomposed figure at another visual angle, and Fig. 5 illustrates the part first heat exchange group of Fig. 4 A and the exploded view of part second heat exchange group.
Please refer to Fig. 3 A, Fig. 3 B, Fig. 4 A, Fig. 4 B and Fig. 5, heat exchanger 10 of the present invention mainly comprises one first heat exchange group 100 and one second heat exchange group 200, first heat exchange group 100 connects along one first axial L1 with the second heat exchange group 200, wherein the first heat exchange group 100 and the second heat exchange group 200 can respectively by multiple heat-exchanging fin form (system design and confuration about heat-exchanging fin will elaborate below again).
In addition, the heat exchanger 10 of the present embodiment also comprises multiple locking part 14, and these locking parts 14 are locked between the first heat exchange group 100 and the second heat exchange group 200, closely connects to make the first heat exchange group 100 and the second heat exchange group 200.
Then, herein the transmission path first for the heat-exchange fluid in heat exchanger 10 is explained.From Fig. 3 B, in the present invention, form a heat exchange space between two adjacent the first heat exchange groups 100 and the second heat exchange group 200, and the present embodiment is to be formed a heat exchange space S 1 between the first heat exchange group 100 and the second heat exchange group 200.In the present embodiment, such as that the heat-exchange fluid F of low temperature is circulated to heat exchange space S 1, and namely above-mentioned heat build-up unit is suitable for the surperficial 10A being focused to heat exchanger 10 sunshine after receiving sunshine, the heat produced after focusing on this sunshine can conduct on multiple heat-exchanging fins of heat exchanger 10, then carries out heat exchange operation with the heat-exchange fluid F of low temperature.Wherein, the heat-exchange fluid F of low temperature is after flowing through heat exchange space S 1, and namely its temperature raises significantly.
Fig. 6 A illustrates the stereogram of the part first heat exchange group of Fig. 4 A, and Fig. 6 B illustrates the stereogram that the part second heat exchange group of Fig. 4 B and access road and exit passageway combine.Wherein, in Fig. 6 A and Fig. 6 B, draw the flow direction of heat-exchange fluid with short dash line.Referring again to Fig. 6 A and Fig. 6 B, in the present embodiment, heat exchanger 10 includes an an access road 18A and exit passageway 18B.The access road 18A of the present embodiment and exit passageway 18B communicates with above-mentioned fluid passage 6.In addition, access road 18A and exit passageway 18B communicates with heat exchange space S 1, circulates for heat-exchange fluid F.
In the present embodiment, namely the exit passageway 18B of each heat exchanger 10 is suitable for connecting with the access road 18A of another adjacent heat exchanger 10, successfully circulates between each heat exchanger 10 to allow heat exchange flow physical efficiency.Wherein, access road 18A and exit passageway 18B is such as the same side 10B being configured at heat exchanger 10, and be arranged in above-mentioned pedestal 20, this side is such as the surface being positioned at the second heat exchange group 200, and namely the opposite side 10A of heat exchanger 10 is suitable for the focusing operation carrying out sunshine for heat build-up unit, separately this side is such as the surface being positioned at the first heat exchange group 100.In addition, access road 18A and exit passageway 18B is such as the two diagonal position places be configured at along the first axial L1 in heat exchange space S 1, with each heat-exchanging fin allowing the heat-exchange fluid F flowed in heat exchange space S 1 can flow through heat exchanger 10 fully.The heat-exchange fluid F of low temperature flow to heat exchange space S 1 through access road 18A, and flows out heat exchange space S 1 from exit passageway 18B.
At this, herein by the composition of detailed description first heat exchange group 100, the composition of the second heat exchange group 200 and the system design and confuration of each heat-exchanging fin.In multiple heat-exchanging fins of the first heat exchange group 100 of the present embodiment, mainly include multiple first heat-exchanging fin 100A, and configurable 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A between two adjacent the first heat-exchanging fin 100A.Similarly, in multiple heat-exchanging fins of the second heat exchange group 200 of the present embodiment, mainly include multiple second heat-exchanging fin 200A, and also configurable 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A between two adjacent the second heat-exchanging fin 200A.It is worth mentioning that, when the first heat exchange group 100 connects along the first axial L1 with the second heat exchange group 200, these the first heat-exchanging fin 100A and these second heat-exchanging fins 200A arrange alternately along the second axial L2.
From the above, each first heat-exchanging fin 100A has a first noumenon 110A and is located at least one first extension 120A of side of the first noumenon 110A, and each first extension 120A extends towards a first direction D1 from the first noumenon 110A.Each second heat-exchanging fin 200A has one second body 210A and is located at least one second extension 220A of side of the second body 210A, each second extension 220A extends towards a second direction D2 from the second body 210A, and first direction D1 and second direction D2 is rightabout.
In addition, the first heat-exchanging fin 100A also comprises one first junction surface 130A, and the first junction surface 130A extends towards first direction D1 from the first noumenon 110A.Second heat-exchanging fin 200A also comprises one second junction surface 230A, and the second junction surface 230A extends towards second direction D2 from the second body 210A.When the first heat exchange group 100 connects along the first axial L1 with the second heat exchange group 200, namely the first junction surface 130A of these first heat-exchanging fins 100A engages with the second junction surface 230A of these second heat-exchanging fins 200A.In the present embodiment, the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A also can be provided with one the 3rd body 310A and the 3rd junction surface 330A, and the 3rd junction surface 330A extends from the 3rd body 310A.In the first heat exchange group 100, the 3rd junction surface 330A of the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A overlaps in the view field of the first heat-exchanging fin 100A and the first junction surface 130A.Similarly, in the second heat exchange group 200, the 3rd junction surface 330A of the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A also overlaps in the view field of the second heat-exchanging fin 200A and the second junction surface 230A.
In addition, first heat exchange group 100 and the second heat exchange group 200 also comprise multiple 4th heat-exchanging fin 400A respectively, these the 4th heat-exchanging fin 400A are such as multiple is one group, and is configured at the both sides of the first heat exchange group 100 and the second heat exchange group 200 respectively.Wherein, the 4th heat-exchanging fin 400A is such as a rectangle lamellar body, and its extension width on the first axial L1 is such as identical with the first junction surface 130A and the extension width of the second junction surface 230A on the first axial L1.In detail, 4th heat-exchanging fin 400A can cover this first heat-exchanging fin 100A, the second heat-exchanging fin 200A and the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A completely, and then makes to form closed heat exchange space S 1 between these first heat-exchanging fins 100A, these the second heat-exchanging fin 200A and these the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A.
Wherein, the first heat-exchanging fin 100A and the second heat-exchanging fin 200A is such as dentation fin.The first noumenon 110A, the second body 210A and the 3rd body 310A are such as one " ︱ " type structure.When these the first heat-exchanging fin 100A and the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A arrange alternately along the second axial L2, the first noumenon 110A of each the first heat-exchanging fin 100A and the 3rd body 310A of the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A overlaps.Similarly, when these the second heat-exchanging fin 200A and the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A arrange alternately along the second axial L2, the second body 210A of each the second heat-exchanging fin 200A and the 3rd body 310A of the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A overlaps.In addition, the first extension 120A and the second extension 220A is such as a rectangle lamellar body arrangement.First extension 120A is arranged in corresponding the first noumenon 110A along one the 3rd axial L3, and the second extension 220A is arranged in the second corresponding body 210A along the 3rd axial L3.First axial L1, the second axial L2 and the 3rd axial L3 are such as mutually vertical.
In addition, the first extension 120A and the second extension 220A extends respectively from " ︱ " type structure.When the first heat exchange group 100 connects along the first axial L1 with the second heat exchange group 200, arrange alternately along the second axial L2 based on these the first heat-exchanging fin 100A and these second heat-exchanging fins 200A, and the first extension 120A and the second extension 220A direction towards the opposite extend, therefore namely the extension of two adjacent heat exchange groups is configured in heat exchange space S 1 alternately.
In the present embodiment, heat exchange space S 1 is between the first noumenon 110A and the second body 210A of the second adjacent heat exchange group 200 of the first heat exchange group 100.It is worth mentioning that, in the present embodiment, the first extension 120A of the first heat exchange group 100 does not overlap with the second extension 220A of this second heat-exchanging fin 200A in the view field of its second heat-exchanging fin 200A place plane of the second adjacent heat exchange group 200.Say further, first extension 120A of the first heat exchange group 100, and to be separated by a spacing d with adjacent two the second extension 220A in the view field of its second heat-exchanging fin 200A place plane of the second adjacent heat exchange group 200 between two adjacent the second extension 220A.
In addition, the first extension 120A to be greater than from the first noumenon 110A the region that the first junction surface 130A extends towards first direction D1 from the first noumenon 110A towards the region that first direction D1 extends.Second extension 220A to be greater than from the second body 210A the region that the second junction surface 230A extends towards second direction D2 from the second body 210A towards the region that second direction D2 extends.When the first heat exchange group 100 connects along the first axial L1 with the second heat exchange group 200, the first extension 120A of the first heat exchange group 100 can be connected to the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A of the second heat exchange group 200 on its bearing of trend D1.Similarly, the second extension 220A of the second heat exchange group 200 can be connected to the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A of the first heat exchange group 100 on its bearing of trend D2.That is, the present embodiment is except carrying out except heat exchange operation with heat-exchanging fin by the heat-exchange fluid in heat exchange space S 1, the heat transfer that also can be undertaken between the first heat exchange group 100 and the second heat exchange group 200 by the mutual abutting of heat-exchanging fin, and then make heat exchange operation more efficient, equal fuel factor and more obvious.
In addition, the heat exchanger 10 of the present embodiment also comprises multiple seal 16, it is such as be configured between adjacent these first heat-exchanging fins 100A, these the second heat-exchanging fin 200A and these the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A, and be configured between two adjacent the 4th heat-exchanging fin 400A, and then allow between each fin and have good conjugation grade.Say further, the leading edge of the 3rd junction surface 330A of the first junction surface 130A of the first heat-exchanging fin 100A, the second junction surface 230A of the second heat-exchanging fin 200A and the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A is equipped with a recess C.In the first heat exchange group 100, when these first heat-exchanging fins 100A connects along the second axial L2 alternately with these the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A, namely the recess C of these fins forms a groove after connecting.Similarly, in the second heat exchange group 200, when these second heat-exchanging fins 200A connects along the second axial L2 alternately with these the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A, the recess C of these fins also forms a groove after connecting.Therefore, when the first heat exchange group 100 connects with the second heat exchange group 200, namely the groove of the first heat exchange group 100 connects accordingly with the groove of the second heat exchange group 200, and forms a groove, and is such as that namely the seal 16 of silica gel is suitable for being filled in therebetween.In collocation locking part 14 auxiliary after, namely have good engagement relationship between the first heat exchange group 100 and the second heat exchange group 200.
On the other hand, in heat exchange space S 1, effectively heat exchange operation can be carried out for allowing heat-exchange fluid F, the present embodiment except arranging except seal 16 between two adjacent the 4th heat-exchanging fin 400A, also seal 16 can be set in the joint of the combination of these first heat-exchanging fins 100A, these the second heat-exchanging fin 200A and these the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A and the 4th heat-exchanging fin 400A, and then really make heat exchange space S 1 be a confined space.Wherein, namely above-mentioned locking part 14 is be arranged between multiple 4th heat-exchanging fin 400A of the first heat exchange group 100 and multiple 4th heat-exchanging fin 400A of the second heat exchange group 200.
Fig. 7 A illustrates the stereogram that its first heat-exchanging fin of the first heat exchange group of Fig. 5 and the second heat exchange group one second heat-exchanging fin combine, Fig. 7 B illustrates the stereogram that its first heat-exchanging fin of the first heat exchange group of Fig. 5 and the second heat exchange group its another second heat-exchanging fin combine, and Fig. 8 illustrates that the heat exchanger of Fig. 3 A is in the partial cutaway schematic view of L2-L3 plane.Wherein, in Fig. 7 A and Fig. 7 B, draw the flow direction of heat-exchange fluid with short dash line, and region illustrated in fig. 8 is that heat-exchange fluid F is in the flow region of heat exchange space S 1.Similarly, in fig. 8, the flow direction of heat-exchange fluid is drawn with short dash line.
For more clearly understanding the flow path of heat-exchange fluid F in heat exchange space S 1, except with reference to except above-mentioned diagram, referring again to Fig. 7 A, Fig. 7 B and Fig. 8, in the present embodiment, two diagonal position places in heat exchange space S 1 are configured at respectively due to access road 18A and exit passageway 18B, therefore the heat-exchange fluid F of low temperature its first extension 120A of the first heat exchange group 100 that meeting flow through in heat exchange space S 1 on the second axial L2 and the 3rd axial L3 after access road 18A flow to heat exchange space S 1 and adjacent its second extension of the second heat exchange group 200 220A.
It is worth mentioning that, when these heat exchange groups connect along the first axial L1, the first extension 120A due to the first heat exchange group 100 can be connected to the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A of the second heat exchange group 200 on its bearing of trend D1, second extension 220A of the second heat exchange group 200 can be connected to the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300A of the first heat exchange group 100 on its bearing of trend D2, and the second extension 220A of the first extension 120A of the first heat exchange group 100 and the second adjacent heat exchange group 200 is configured at the heat exchange space S 1 between two adjacent heat exchange groups alternately, therefore heat-exchange fluid F is flowed to by access road 18A in the process of exit passageway 18B, heat-exchange fluid F (please refer to Fig. 7 A after being subject to the first extension 120A and shunting, the short dash line flow direction indicated in Fig. 7 B and Fig. 8), the neighboring area of the second extension 220A can be flow to, and after collaborating with in the same heat-exchange fluid F shunted in other region, be subject to the shunting of the second extension 220A again, and the neighboring area of the first extension 120A is flow to again from the spacing d between the first extension 120A and the second extension 220A, after collaborating with in the same heat-exchange fluid F shunted in other region again, again be subject to the shunting of the first extension 120A.
Briefly, flow in the process of exit passageway 18B at heat-exchange fluid F by access road 18A, heat-exchange fluid F can be subject to the effect of the first extension 120A and the second extension 220A, and is constantly forced to shunting or interflow, and then improves the heat exchanger effectiveness of heat exchanger 10.Thus, namely heat exchanger 10 has good heat exchange usefulness, and the heat after focusing at sunshine can be converted to heat-exchange fluid by this heat exchange usefulness effectively.
On the other hand, the second heat-exchanging fin 200A can be the first heat-exchanging fin 100A rotates 180 degree kenel along this first axial L1.Therefore, when making heat exchanger 10, the first heat-exchanging fin 100A and the second heat-exchanging fin 200A can be produced by Sheet Metal Forming Technology simultaneously, and then significantly increasing the make efficiency of product.
Fig. 9 illustrates the sectional view of the heat exchanger of another embodiment of the present invention.Figure 10 A illustrates the schematic diagram that its first heat-exchanging fin of the first heat exchange group of Fig. 9 and its second heat-exchanging fin of the second heat exchange group combine, Figure 10 B illustrates the stereogram of the heat-exchanging fin combination of Figure 10 A, Figure 10 C illustrates the stereogram that its first heat-exchanging fin of the first heat exchange group of Fig. 9 and the second heat exchange group its another second heat-exchanging fin combine, and Figure 10 D illustrates that first heat-exchanging fin of Figure 10 B and the second heat-exchanging fin are in the exploded view at another visual angle.In Figure 10 A and Figure 10 B, the first heat-exchanging fin 100B is overlapped on the second heat-exchanging fin 200B.In fig 1 oc, the second heat-exchanging fin 200B is overlapped on the first heat-exchanging fin 100B.In addition, in Figure 10 B and Figure 10 C, the flow direction of heat-exchange fluid is drawn with short dash line.
Please refer to Fig. 9, Figure 10 A, Figure 10 B, Figure 10 C and Figure 10 D, first heat-exchanging fin 100A and the second heat-exchanging fin 200A of the first heat-exchanging fin 100B of the present embodiment and the second heat-exchanging fin 200B and previous embodiment are similar, when these the first heat-exchanging fin 100B and aforesaid 3rd heat-exchanging fin arrange alternately along the second axial L2, the first noumenon 110B of each the first heat-exchanging fin 100B and the 3rd body of the 3rd heat-exchanging fin also overlap.When these the second heat-exchanging fin 200B and the 3rd heat-exchanging fin arrange alternately along the second axial L2, the second body 210B and the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300B of each the second heat-exchanging fin 200B also overlap.Wherein, heat exchange space S 2 is equally between the first noumenon 110B and the second body 210B of the second adjacent heat exchange group of the first heat exchange group.The heat-exchange fluid of low temperature circulates in heat exchange space S 2 equally.
In addition, when these heat exchange groups connect, 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300B of the first extension 120B of the first heat exchange group to be also the 3rd heat-exchanging fin 300B of the second heat exchange group be connected on its bearing of trend, the second extension 220B of the second heat exchange group be also the first heat exchange group be connected on its bearing of trend.Just the difference of the present embodiment and above-described embodiment is: in the present embodiment, and the first extension 120B of the first heat exchange group partly overlaps in the view field of the second heat-exchanging fin 200B place plane of the second adjacent heat exchange group and the second extension 220B of this second heat-exchanging fin 200B.
In detail, in the present embodiment, first extension 120B is provided with multiple first conduction trough structure 122, second extension 220B is provided with multiple second conduction trough structure 222, and its first conduction trough structure 122 part of the first heat exchange group is superimposed on its second conduction trough structure 222 of the second adjacent heat exchange group.That is the first conduction trough structure 122 of the first heat exchange group communicates with the second conduction trough structure 222 of the second adjacent heat exchange group, to form heat exchange space S 2.
Say further, in the present embodiment, each the first noumenon 110B and the second body 210B is also such as " ︱ " type structure, and this first extension 120B is one first fenestral fabric, second extension 220B is one second fenestral fabric, and the first fenestral fabric and the second fenestral fabric extend from " ︱ " type structure.Wherein, the entity part in the entity part in its first fenestral fabric of the first heat exchange group and adjacent its second fenestral fabric of the second heat exchange group is staggered to be overlapped.That is the hollow part branch in its first fenestral fabric of the first heat exchange group communicates with the hollow parts in adjacent its second fenestral fabric of the second heat exchange group, and namely heat-exchange fluid is suitable for flowing in the space communicated.
From the above, these the first conduction trough structures 122 such as arrange A1, A2, A3 by three group of first conduction trough and formed, and these the second conduction trough structures 222 arrange B1, B2, B3 by three group of second conduction trough and formed.These first conduction troughs arrange A1, A2, A3 from the first noumenon 110B towards first direction D1 sequential, and these second conduction troughs arrange B1, B2, B3 from the second body 110B towards second direction D2 sequential.When these heat exchange groups connect, multiple first conduction troughs of the first heat exchange group arrange one of them and can arrange with its multiple second conduction trough of the second adjacent heat exchange group be simultaneously superimposed.In the present embodiment, the first conduction trough arrangement A2(of the first heat exchange group is positioned at the first heat-exchanging fin 100B) namely simultaneously can arrange B1, B2, B3(with adjacent its second conduction trough of the second heat exchange group and be positioned at the second heat-exchanging fin 200B) be superimposed.Thus, each first conduction trough structure 122 of the first conduction trough arrangement A2 can communicate with the second conduction trough structure 222 that its each second conduction trough of the second adjacent heat exchange group arranges in B1, B2, B3 simultaneously.
Again in detail, the first conduction trough structure 122 of its first conduction trough of the first heat exchange group arrangement A2 can the second conduction trough structure 222 adjacent with adjacent the second heat exchange group its at least four communicate simultaneously.Have at least in these the second adjacent conduction trough structures 222 two (222A and the 222B as shown in Figure 10 A and Figure 10 D) be along these heat exchange groups assembling axially (the first axial L1) arrange, have at least two (222C and the 222D as shown in Figure 10 A and Figure 10 D) to arrange along another axis (the 3rd axial L3) perpendicular with this assembling axis.Wherein, these four adjacent the second conduction trough structure 222A, 222B, 222C and 222D lay respectively in second conduction trough arrangement B1, B2, B3.
In the present embodiment, the arrangement of these first conduction troughs is such as comprise two groups of triangle conduction trough arrangements and one group of quadrangle conduction trough arrangement, and the arrangement of these second conduction troughs is equally such as comprise two groups of triangle conduction trough arrangements and one group of quadrangle conduction trough arrangement.These triangle conduction troughs are arranged in the both sides of quadrangle conduction trough arrangement.In the present embodiment, the arrangement of triangle conduction trough is the first conduction trough arrangement A1 and A3 and the second conduction trough arrangement B1 and B3, and the arrangement of quadrangle conduction trough is the first conduction trough arrangement A2 and the second conduction trough arrangement B2.That is, when these heat exchange groups connect, its quadrangle conduction trough of the first heat exchange group arrangement A2(is positioned at the first heat-exchanging fin 100B) arrange B2 and two triangle conduction trough with the quadrangle conduction trough of adjacent its second heat-exchanging fin of the second heat exchange group 200B simultaneously and arrange B1 and B3 and communicate.These the first conduction trough structures 122 above-mentioned are such as the combination of diamond structure and triangular structure.Similarly, these the second conduction trough structures 222 above-mentioned are such as the combination of diamond structure and triangular structure.
Same as the previously described embodiments, the heat exchanger 10 ' of the present embodiment also can comprise access road 18A and exit passageway 18B(as shown in Figure 9), to carry out the heat-exchange fluid conveying operation of being correlated with.It is worth mentioning that, when these heat exchange groups connect along the first axial L1, first extension 120B of the first heat exchange group can be connected to the 3rd heat-exchanging fin of the second heat exchange group on its bearing of trend D1, second extension 220B of the second heat exchange group can be connected to the 3rd heat-exchanging fin of the first heat exchange group on its bearing of trend D2, and the second extension 220B of the first extension 120B of each the first heat exchange group and the second adjacent heat exchange group is configured at the heat exchange space S 2 between two adjacent heat exchange groups overlappingly.
Thus, flow in the process of exit passageway 18B at heat-exchange fluid F by access road 18A, heat-exchange fluid F is after being subject to the first extension 120B and shunting (please refer to the short dash line flow direction indicated in Figure 10 B and Figure 10 C), the neighboring area of the second extension 220B can be flow to, and after collaborating with in the same heat-exchange fluid F shunted in other region, be subject to the shunting of the second extension 220B again, and the second conduction trough structure 222 certainly communicated and the first conduction trough structure 122 flow to the neighboring area of the first extension 120B again, after collaborating with in the same heat-exchange fluid F shunted in other region again, again be subject to the shunting of another first extension 120B.
Briefly, flow in the process of exit passageway 18B at heat-exchange fluid F by access road 18A, heat-exchange fluid F can be subject to the effect of the first extension 120B and the second extension 220B, and is constantly forced to shunting or interflow, and then improves the heat exchanger effectiveness of heat exchanger 10 '.Thus, heat exchanger 10 ' namely has good heat exchange usefulness.
It is worth mentioning that, be such as the combination of diamond structure and triangular structure, therefore the side of diamond structure and triangular structure has the feature of ramp structure based on the first conduction trough structure 122 of the present embodiment and the second conduction trough structure 222.Therefore, in the present embodiment, when the heat-exchange fluid F of low temperature is after access road 18A flow to heat exchange space S 2, heat-exchange fluid F except except its first extension 120B of the first heat exchange group that flow through on the second axial L2 and the 3rd axial L3 in heat exchange space S 2 and adjacent its second extension of the second heat exchange group 220B, also flowing through each extension in heat exchange space S 2 on the first axial L1.
From the above, in the present embodiment, the first heat-exchanging fin 100B and the second heat-exchanging fin 200B is suitable for connecting with the 3rd heat-exchanging fin of previous embodiment and the 4th heat-exchanging fin equally.Annexation between 3rd heat-exchanging fin of the first heat-exchanging fin 100B of the present embodiment and the second heat-exchanging fin 200B and previous embodiment and the 4th heat-exchanging fin and the effect produced by the interaction between associated components (as seal) all same as the previously described embodiments, therefore namely no longer do related description in this embodiment herein.In addition, the second heat-exchanging fin 200B also can be the first heat-exchanging fin 100B rotates 180 degree kenel along the first axial L1.Therefore, when making heat exchanger 10 ', the first heat-exchanging fin 100B and the second heat-exchanging fin 200B can be produced by Sheet Metal Forming Technology simultaneously, and then significantly increasing the make efficiency of product.
In the above two embodiments, namely the side of the combination of the first heat-exchanging fin and the 3rd heat-exchanging fin forms the surperficial 10A of heat exchanger, and namely heat exchanger is by surperficial 10A to receive the focusing operation of heat build-up unit.In other preferred embodiment, these first heat-exchanging fins also can directly be spaced on a heat exchanger plate, and heat exchanger can receive the focusing operation of heat build-up unit by this heat exchanger plate.Similarly, the second heat-exchanging fin also can directly be spaced in another heat exchanger plate.That is under the design without configuration the 3rd heat-exchanging fin, heat exchanger of the present invention also can provide good heat exchange usefulness.That is, all the first heat-exchanging fin in heat exchange space and the second heat-exchanging fins of making axially arrange alternately along one, and the design of fin allows the abundant disturbance in this heat exchange space of heat exchange flow physical efficiency all belong to spirit of the present invention and category, the present invention does not do any restriction at this.
From the above, heat-exchange fluid is after flowing through multiple heat exchanger described above, and heat-exchange fluid can become a high-temp liquid, and its temperature is such as between 90 ~ 98 DEG C.Therefore, the present invention can make above-mentioned high-temp liquid be vaporizated into steam via heating unit 2 again, to drive power generation arrangement 3 as shown in Figure 1.The design of heating unit 2 of the present invention can as shown in figure 11 (Figure 11 illustrates the schematic diagram of its indoor design of heating unit of one embodiment of the invention).Please refer to Figure 11, the heating unit 2 of the present embodiment is also provided with a channel C 1 for heat-exchange fluid circulation.In addition, heating unit 2 is also provided with another channel C 2 and circulates for the heat-exchange fluid of another high temperature.The heat-exchange fluid circulated in channel C 2 is such as the appropriate fluid that oil or boiling point are higher, and its temperature is such as be greater than 300 DEG C.Thus, the high-temperature hot exchange current physical efficiency circulated in channel C 2 allows and circulates in channel C 1 is such as that the heat-exchange fluid of high temperature liquid water is promptly vaporized into steam, to drive power generation arrangement 3, and then carries out follow-up power conversion operation.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, heat build-up unit 30 can be the mirror condenser of diameter 3.7 meters, the discharge of fluid passage can be 3000 ㏄/min, the initial temperature of heat-exchange fluid is such as 29 DEG C, and the temperature of heat-exchange fluid after flowing through heat exchange module is first such as 52.6 DEG C, temperature rises about 23.6 DEG C.In the case, heat-exchange fluid absorption heat energy is about 4940 watts (23.6*3000/60*4.1868).For American-European and Japan, the energy about 7,000,000,000 kilowatts that those country's present stages need.According to solar power system of the present invention, namely needing about must 7,000,000,000 cover (the year sunshine times with 7,000,000,000 kilowatts/5 kilowatts * 5 times).Mirror condenser floor space about 10.75 ㎡ of the present embodiment, per hectare about can install 500 covers.In other words, every square kilometre 50000 covers (every square kilometre is 100 hectares) can be installed, and about 140,000 square kilometre, 7,000,000,000 cover, the area in about four Taiwan can supply the energy demand of the people of American-European Japan.
Certainly, after the aperture size of the insulating power and adjustment pipeline that improve relevant pipeline, significantly can improve the ability of the absorption heat energy of solar power system of the present invention, and then the configuration space of solar power system can be reduced.
In sum, in solar power system of the present invention, heat exchanger is made up of multiple heat exchange group, forms a heat exchange space between two adjacent heat exchange groups.Wherein, be provided with interlaced fin in heat exchange space, the design of this fin allows the abundant disturbance in this heat exchange space of heat exchange flow physical efficiency.In detail, fin respectively from two adjacent heat exchange groups can allow the heat-exchange fluid flowing to this heat exchange space constantly be forced to shunting and interflow, to increase the contact area between heat-exchange fluid and fin significantly, increase the speed that heat-exchange fluid carries out heat exchange operation, reach good heat exchange usefulness.
Therefore, after being arranged by rights by multiple heat exchange module, heat-exchange fluid can rise to the temperature close to vaporization, therefore again via a heating unit auxiliary after, heat-exchange fluid promptly can be vaporizated into steam.Thus, solar power system of the present invention can apply steam to drive this power generation arrangement to produce mechanical energy, and this mechanical energy is converted to this electric energy, and then improves the photoelectric transformation efficiency of solar power system significantly.This above-mentioned suitable mode, except can being arrangement mode as herein described, also only can arranging in the mode of series connection, not do any restriction herein at this.
In addition, the heat-exchange fluid flowed out from multiple heat exchanger also can be stored in an accumulator tank by solar power system of the present invention in advance, and when needs carry out power conversion operation, allowing the heat exchanger in accumulator tank carry out vaporization operation through heating unit, to produce mechanical kinetic energy mentioned above.
Moreover because solar power system of the present invention includes the heat exchange module with good heat exchange efficiency, and these multiple heat exchange modules arranged in a suitable manner little by little can improve the state of temperature to close to vaporization of heat-exchange fluid.Therefore, heating unit of the present invention only needs operation momently that heat-exchange fluid can be allowed to be vaporizated into steam.Comparing general solar power system needs long operation to begin to complete power conversion operation, and solar power system of the present invention can reach identical object in comparatively energy-conservation mode.
Although the present invention has disclosed multiple embodiment as above; but itself and be not used to limit the present invention; there are in its art any the personnel of usual knowledge; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; when doing arbitrary change and modification, therefore protection scope of the present invention should be defined by appending claims and is as the criterion.

Claims (30)

1. a solar power system, is characterized in that, is suitable for be converted to an electric energy sunshine, and this solar power system comprises:
Multiple heat exchange module, respectively this heat exchange module comprises:
One heat exchanger, comprise one first heat exchange group and one second heat exchange group, this the first heat exchange group comprises multiple first heat-exchanging fin, respectively this first heat-exchanging fin has a first noumenon and is located at least one first extension of side of this first noumenon, respectively this first extension extends towards a first direction from this first noumenon, this the second heat exchange group comprises multiple second heat-exchanging fin, respectively this second heat-exchanging fin has one second body and is located at least one second extension of side of this second body, respectively this second extension extends towards a second direction from this second body, this first direction and this second direction are rightabout, wherein, this the first heat exchange group axially connects along one first with this second heat exchange group, and those first heat-exchanging fins and those the second heat-exchanging fins axially arrange alternately along one second, a heat exchange space is formed between this first heat exchange group and this second heat exchange group, one heat-exchange fluid circulates in this heat exchange space,
One pedestal, this heat exchanger arrangement is in this pedestal;
One heat build-up unit, is set up in this pedestal, and is suitable for receiving this sunshine, and this sunshine is focused to this heat exchanger;
One heating unit, one end connects with those heat exchange modules, makes this heat-exchange fluid flowed out through those heat exchange modules produce a phase change;
One power generation arrangement, one end connects with the other end of this heating unit, and is suitable for driving this power generation arrangement to produce a mechanical energy through this heat-exchange fluid of this phase change;
One power switching device, connects with this power generation arrangement, and this mechanical energy is converted to this electric energy;
One electrical storage device, connects with this power switching device, and stores this electric energy; And
Fluid passage, is communicated between this heat exchange space of respectively this heat exchanger, this heating unit and this power generation arrangement.
2. solar power system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, this first heat-exchanging fin also comprises one first junction surface, this first junction surface extends towards this first direction from this first noumenon, this second heat-exchanging fin also comprises one second junction surface, this second junction surface extends towards this second direction from this second body, when this first heat exchange group connects along this first axis with this second heat exchange group, this first junction surface of those the first heat-exchanging fins engages with this second junction surface of those the second heat-exchanging fins, and those first heat-exchanging fins arrange along this second axially spaced-apart, those second heat-exchanging fins arrange along this second axially spaced-apart.
3. solar power system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, this first extension to be greater than from this first noumenon the region that this first junction surface extends towards this first direction from this first noumenon towards the region that this first direction extends, this second extension to be greater than from this second body the region that this second junction surface extends towards this second direction from this second body towards the region that this second direction extends.
4. solar power system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, this the first heat exchange group and this second heat exchange component do not comprise multiple 3rd heat-exchanging fin, 3rd heat-exchanging fin is configured between two adjacent those first heat-exchanging fins, 3rd heat-exchanging fin is configured between two adjacent those second heat-exchanging fins, and respectively the 3rd heat-exchanging fin comprises one the 3rd body and one the 3rd junction surface.
5. solar power system according to claim 4, is characterized in that, respectively the 3rd body of this first noumenon and the 3rd adjacent heat-exchanging fin overlaps, and respectively the 3rd body of this second body and the 3rd adjacent heat-exchanging fin overlaps.
6. solar power system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, when this first heat exchange group connects along this first axis with this second heat exchange group, this first extension in this first heat exchange group is connected to the 3rd heat-exchanging fin in this second heat exchange group on its bearing of trend, and this second extension in this second heat exchange group is connected to the 3rd heat-exchanging fin in this first heat exchange group on its bearing of trend.
7. solar power system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, this the first heat exchange group and this second heat exchange component do not comprise multiple 4th heat-exchanging fin, those the 4th heat-exchanging fins are configured at the both sides of this first heat exchange group and this second heat exchange group respectively, make to form this closed heat exchange space between those first heat-exchanging fins, those second heat-exchanging fins and those the 3rd heat-exchanging fins.
8. solar power system according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, this heat exchanger also comprises multiple seal, be configured between those adjacent first heat-exchanging fins, those second heat-exchanging fins and those the 3rd heat-exchanging fins, and be configured between two adjacent those the 4th heat-exchanging fins.
9. solar power system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, this heat exchanger also comprises an access road and an exit passageway, communicate with this fluid passage, respectively this exit passageway of this heat exchanger is suitable for connecting with this access road of another adjacent this heat exchanger, and this access road and this exit passageway communicate with this heat exchange space, circulate for this heat-exchange fluid, and this access road and this exit passageway are along the two diagonal position places of this first axial arrangement in this heat exchange space.
10. solar power system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, this heat build-up unit is a Fresnel Lenses.
11. solar power systems according to claim 1, is characterized in that, those heat exchange modules arrange with array way.
12. solar power systems according to claim 11, it is characterized in that, those heat exchange modules form multiple arranged in series, those arranged in series connect in parallel again.
13. solar power systems according to claim 1, is characterized in that, respectively this first extension of this first heat-exchanging fin does not overlap with this second extension of this second heat-exchanging fin in the view field of this second heat-exchanging fin place plane.
14. solar power systems according to claim 13, is characterized in that, this first extension of this first heat exchange group and this second extension of this adjacent the second heat exchange group are configured at this heat exchange space alternately.
15. solar power systems according to claim 13, is characterized in that, this heat exchange is spatially located between this first noumenon of this first heat exchange group and this second body of this adjacent the second heat exchange group.
16. solar power systems according to claim 13, it is characterized in that, those first extensions of this first heat exchange group are along one the 3rd axially-aligned in this corresponding the first noumenon, and those second extensions of this second heat exchange group are along the 3rd axially-aligned in this corresponding second body.
17. solar power systems according to claim 16, it is characterized in that, respectively this first extension of this heat exchange group in the view field of adjacent this heat exchange group its this second heat-exchanging fin place plane another between two adjacent those second extensions, and to be separated by a spacing with this adjacent 2 second extension, respectively this first noumenon and respectively this second body be " ︱ " type structure, and respectively this first extension and respectively this second extension be the arrangement of rectangle lamellar body, extend from should " ︱ " type structure.
18. solar power systems according to claim 13, is characterized in that, this second heat-exchanging fin is the kenel of this first heat-exchanging fin along this first axial rotation 180 degree, and this first heat-exchanging fin and this second heat-exchanging fin are dentation fin.
19. solar power systems according to claim 1, is characterized in that, respectively this first extension of this first heat-exchanging fin partly overlaps in the view field of this second heat-exchanging fin place plane and this second extension of this second heat-exchanging fin.
20. solar power systems according to claim 19, is characterized in that, this heat exchange is spatially located between this first noumenon of this first heat exchange group and this second body of this second heat exchange group.
21. solar power systems according to claim 19, it is characterized in that, this first extension is provided with multiple first conduction trough structure, this second extension is provided with multiple second conduction trough structure, and this first heat exchange group its respectively this first conduction trough structure and this adjacent the second heat exchange group its respectively this second conduction trough structure division be superimposed.
22. solar power systems according to claim 21, is characterized in that, this first heat exchange group its respectively this first conduction trough structure and this adjacent the second heat exchange group its respectively this second conduction trough structure communicate, to form this heat exchange space.
23. solar power systems according to claim 21, is characterized in that, this first heat exchange group its this first conduction trough structure simultaneously this second conduction trough structure adjacent with this adjacent the second heat exchange group its at least four communicates.
24. solar power systems according to claim 23, is characterized in that, in those adjacent the second conduction trough structures at least two along this first axially-aligned, at least two edges and this first axially perpendicular another axially-aligned.
25. solar power systems according to claim 21, it is characterized in that, those the first conduction trough structures are arranged by three group of first conduction trough and formed, those the second conduction trough structures are arranged by three group of second conduction trough and formed, this the first heat exchange group its those first conduction trough arranges one of them and arrange with this adjacent the second heat exchange group its those second conduction trough simultaneously and be superimposed, and communicates with its this second conduction trough structure that respectively this second conduction trough arranges of this adjacent the second heat exchange group while of respectively this first conduction trough structure of this first conduction trough arrangement.
26. solar power systems according to claim 25, it is characterized in that, the arrangement of those first conduction troughs and the arrangement of those second conduction troughs comprise two groups of triangle conduction trough arrangements and one group of quadrangle conduction trough arrangement respectively, and those triangle conduction troughs are arranged in the both sides of this quadrangle conduction trough arrangement.
27. solar power systems according to claim 26, it is characterized in that, the arrangement of its this quadrangle conduction trough of this heat exchange group arranges with this quadrangle conduction trough of adjacent this heat exchange group another simultaneously and two these triangle conduction troughs arrange and communicate, those the first conduction trough structures are the combination of diamond structure and triangular structure, and those the second conduction trough structures are the combination of diamond structure and triangular structure.
28. solar power systems according to claim 19, it is characterized in that, respectively this first noumenon and respectively this second body be " ︱ " type structure, and respectively this first extension is one first fenestral fabric, this second extension is one second fenestral fabric, this first fenestral fabric and this second fenestral fabric extend from should " ︱ " type structure, and the entity part in this first heat exchange group its this first fenestral fabric overlaps with the entity part in this adjacent the second heat exchange group its this second fenestral fabric is staggered.
29. solar power systems according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, this the first heat exchange group also comprises a heat exchanger plate, those first heat-exchanging fins are spaced on this heat exchanger plate, this the second heat exchange group also comprises another heat exchanger plate, and those second heat-exchanging fins are spaced on this heat exchanger plate another, and focus to this heat exchanger plate of this first heat exchange group this sunshine.
30. solar power systems according to claim 1, is characterized in that, this power generation arrangement is a steam drive unit, and this phase transformation turns to liquid phase is gas phase.
CN201410008592.1A 2013-01-21 2014-01-08 Solar power system CN103940118B (en)

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