CN103940114A - Heat collection and storage type unpowered solar water heater and hot water system - Google Patents

Heat collection and storage type unpowered solar water heater and hot water system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103940114A
CN103940114A CN201410206537.3A CN201410206537A CN103940114A CN 103940114 A CN103940114 A CN 103940114A CN 201410206537 A CN201410206537 A CN 201410206537A CN 103940114 A CN103940114 A CN 103940114A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box body
heat
outer box
solar energy
hot water
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Pending
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CN201410206537.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王耀堂
刘振印
李伟
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CHINA ARCHITECTURE DESIGN INSTITUTE CO., LTD.
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China Architecture Design and Research Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410206537.3A priority Critical patent/CN103940114A/en
Publication of CN103940114A publication Critical patent/CN103940114A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

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  • Heat-Pump Type And Storage Water Heaters (AREA)

Abstract

A heat collection and storage type unpowered solar water heater and hot water system comprises an all-glass solar heat collection vacuum tube and an outer box body, wherein a heating medium is filled in the outer box body, an outer layer of the outer box body is provided with a heat preservation casing, and an air discharging pipe is communicated between the outer box body and the heat preservation casing. The all-glass solar heat collection vacuum tube is inserted into the lower side wall of the outer box body. A support is arranged on the rear side of the all-glass solar heat collection vacuum tube, an inner box body is arranged inside the outer box body, and the left and right side of the inner box body are respectively connected with a cold water inlet pipe and a hot water outlet pipe, an auxiliary heating device is communicated to a pipe enabling the hot water outlet pipe to be led to the heat supply end of each family, and a constant-temperature water mixing valve is connected between the cold water inlet pipe and the hot water outlet pipe at the heat supply end. A series of problems of large occupied building space, low solar heat utilizing efficiency, complicated management, high cost, unbalanced cold-hot water pressure, poor water quality and the like of a traditional solar heat collection circulating pump power consumption and heat storage system can be solved.

Description

Thermal-arrest, heat-storage unpowered solar energy hydrophone and hot-water heating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar energy hot water supply system, particularly a kind of unpowered solar energy water supply system.
Background technology
Along with social development, energy scarcity, environmental pollution become the bottleneck of restriction sustainable development, and the application of regenerative resource more and more comes into one's own.Solar water is applied on a large scale as relatively economical, relatively ripe technology.Especially the popularization and application of pot-type boiler, accounts for 90% of solar energy heat utilization; Solar energy central hot water system accounts for 10%.According to the investigation to current solar water technology, the following shortcoming of ubiquity:
1, in low-rise dwelling, generally adopt the vexed solarization close-coupled of top water water heater, have that the thermal efficiency is not high, water quality is poor, easy fouling and a unsettled problem of hydraulic pressure, can not meet the requirement of sanitary standard and hot water comfort level.
2, adopt separated type solar hot-water heating system, need hot water circulating pump, store the facilities such as hot tank, cost is higher, installation is difficult, operation expense is larger.
3, adopt traditional centralized solar water heating system, need to take hot water machine room, comprehensive cost is higher, the Frequent Accidents such as booster in service, bursting by freezing, maintenance management is more difficult, operating cost is higher.Meanwhile, because the grid heat consumption in centralized solar water heating system is large, Thermal Synthetic utilization ratio is lower.Adopt not only consume electric power of circulating pump power cycle, and make heat collector bearing operation, the easy booster of vacuum tube collector; North district adopts flat plate collector cold district need to adopt anti-icing fluid, and integrated operation cost is higher.
In sum, there is more problem in solar energy hot water supply system at present, user is difficult to satisfied, developer avoids by every possible means solar water heating system is installed especially, even if government takes administration means solar obligation solar energy, but often get half the result with twice the effort, exhaust the people and drain the treasury, so be badly in need of improving the problem occurring in current Application of Solar Energy.
Summary of the invention
For addressing the above problem, the present invention proposes a kind of thermal-arrest, heat-storage unpowered solar energy hydrophone and hot-water heating system can solve the power consumption of traditional solar energy heating circulating pump power and store that hot system takies that space is too many, solar thermal utilization efficiency is low, the series of problems such as complex management, cost are higher, hot and cold water pressure imbalance, water quality inferiority.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of thermal-arrest, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy water heater, comprise the outer box body conducting for the full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe of thermal-arrest and for heat, it is characterized in that: the filling of described outer container box house is useful on the heating agent of heat conduction, and described full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe is vertically plugged on the lower wall of described outer box body; The inside of described outer box body is provided with the interior box body for storing hot water, and the left and right sides of described interior box body is connected with respectively turnover domestic hot-water's cold water inlet and hot water outlet pipe.
The skin of described outer box body is provided with the lagging casing that prevents heat loss, and described outer box body is communicated with the bleeder pipe for preventing explosion between lagging casing.
Between described full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe, be arranged in parallel, its rear side is provided with solar thermal collector support.
Described all-glass vacuum tube is double-glass vacuum pipe, and diameter is preferably 47mm-58mm.Length is preferably 1800mm-2100mm.
Described interior box body is stainless steel casing or the copper casing with good heat conductive performance.
Described cold water inlet is to hot water outlet pipe hydraulic loss≤0.001MPa, single module outflow >=0.15L/S, pressure-bearing >=1.0MPa.
A kind of thermal-arrest, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy hot-water heating system, comprise the outer box body conducting for the full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe of thermal-arrest and for heat, it is characterized in that: the filling of described outer container box house is useful on the heating agent of heat conduction, the skin of described outer box body is provided with the lagging casing that prevents heat loss, and described outer box body is communicated with the bleeder pipe for preventing explosion between lagging casing; Described full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe is vertically plugged on the lower wall of described outer box body; Between described full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe, be arranged in parallel, its rear side is provided with solar thermal collector support, the inside of described outer box body is provided with the interior box body for storing hot water, the left and right sides of described interior box body is connected with respectively turnover domestic hot-water's cold water inlet and hot water outlet pipe, hot water outlet pipe is led in the pipeline of each family heat for end and is communicated with assisted heating device, between the described hot cold water inlet for end and hot water outlet pipe, is connected constant-temperature water mixing valve.
This thermal-arrest, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy heat collector and hot-water heating system, solar energy heating, storage heat, heat exchange are become one, and supporting casing is made up of " interior case ", " outer container ", in " interior case ", is heated domestic hot-water, for enclosed state, can pressure-bearing; " interior case ", and " outer container " between be solar water as heating agent, be open type state, not pressure-bearing; Solar energy heating relies on Natural Circulation and heat conduction, does not need extra power, and supporting casing can be stored the per day heat-collecting capacity of gross collector area.
The present invention utilizes the glass vacuum pipe heat collector of current maturation, economy, is mounted to one with heat collection water tank close-coupled; Heat collection water tank is double-layer inner containers structure, between " outer container " and " interior case ", can be ordinary tap water, also can be for special media, utilize the temperature difference collection of water to get, store the heat that solar energy collection is deposited, structure is open system, the difference of specific gravity Natural Circulation thermal-arrest that utilizes water temperature difference, does not need extra power energy consumption; Because thermal-arrest is open system, structure is pressure-bearing not, and glass tube with vacuum is stable, reliable, and vacuum tube booster, the resistance of having avoided traditional collecting system circulating pump bearing operation to cause are unbalance, a degradation difficult problem under collecting efficiency; Water in vacuum tube is as heating agent, and the water yield is relatively stable, has therefore avoided the problems such as heat collector fouling; In " interior case ", be heated domestic hot-water, bearing operation; Solar energy vacuum tube thermal-arrest on daytime by the slowly interior hot water of heating " interior case " of conduction, completes heating agent and hot water heat exchange simultaneously automatically; While needing supplying hot water, utilize life cold water pressure successively the hot water in " interior case " to be headed into hot water heating pipe network, cold water, hot water are the same power source, can realize hot and cold water pressure balance, can ensure hot water comfort level.
Auxiliary heating equipment and solar energy heat storage equipment are separated independent setting by the present invention, avoids interfering with each other of the interior different heat sources of the same space, affects the efficiency of solar thermal collector.On hot water pipeline after hot-water heating system end or solar water heater, according to project situation, different auxiliary heating mode or water heater are set; Can adopt traditional electric heater or gas water heater to mini-system; The large scale system traditional heat source of can suiting measures to local conditions to adopt.
Designing of Building Water System Advanced Idea and solar engineering technology carry out efficient coupling by the present invention, realized the integrated of solar energy heating, heat exchange, storage thermal technology, and solar thermal utilization efficiency significantly improves; Solar energy heating does not need power cycle, significantly saves operation energy consumption; Realized cold water continuously, enclosed is converted into hot water, ensured safe and sanitary, met many-sided technical requirements such as hot and cold water pressure balance.
The present invention is a kind of comprehensive apparatus for heating water by solar energy and hot-water heating system of complete set, it is by integrated the stage construction engineerings such as engineering design, solar energy heating, storage heat, heat exchange, auxiliary heating, cold feed, hot water supply, be skillfully constructed, move conveniently, follow the beginning of all things on earth, main road is to simple principle, its engineering design principle is simple, do not need thermal-arrest circulating pump, do not need between independent water tank and water tank, significantly reduce maintenance management expense, reliable technique guarantee is provided to the utilization of solar heating engineering, is conducive to large-scale promotion.Be applicable to point family and the concentrated hot-water heating system of civil buildings, be also applicable to the place of industry, the supply of agriculture low-temperature water heating.
Brief description of the drawings
The structural representation of Fig. 1 is thermal-arrest of the present invention, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy water heater.
The expansion module structural representation of Fig. 2 is thermal-arrest of the present invention, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy water heater.
Fig. 3 is the operation principle schematic diagram of thermal-arrest of the present invention, heat-storage unpowered solar energy water system.
Fig. 4 is operation principle block diagram of the present invention.
Reference numeral: box body, 4-cold water inlet, 5-hot water outlet pipe, 6-breather pipe, 7, full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe, 8-solar thermal collector support, 9-assisted heating device, 10-constant-temperature water mixing valve in 1-lagging casing, the outer box body of 2-, 3-.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, the present invention will be further explained, as Figure 1-Figure 4: this thermal-arrest, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy water heater, comprise the outer box body (2) conducting for the full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe (7) of thermal-arrest and for heat, the inner filling of described outer box body (2) is useful on the heating agent of heat conduction, and described full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe (7) is vertically plugged on the lower wall of described outer box body (2); It is characterized in that: the inside of described outer box body (2) is provided with the interior box body (3) for storing hot water, the both sides of described interior box body (3) are connected with respectively turnover domestic hot-water's cold water inlet (4) and hot water outlet pipe (5).The skin of described outer box body (2) is provided with the lagging casing (1) that prevents heat loss, and described outer box body (2) is communicated with the bleeder pipe (6) for preventing explosion between lagging casing (1).Between described full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe (7), be arranged in parallel, its arranged outside has solar thermal collector support (8).Described all-glass vacuum tube (7) is double-glass vacuum pipe, and in the present embodiment, diameter is preferably 58mm, and length is preferably 2100mm.In in the present embodiment, box body (3) is preferably by the stainless steel with good heat conductive performance and makes.
Roofing is arranged thermal-arrest, is store hot unpowered circulating solar energy hot-water heating system embodiment referring to Fig. 3, the course of work of the present invention: after full-glass solar energy vacuum tube collection 7 heat, be stored in outer box body 2, slowly the domestic water in box body 3 in heating.Domestic water is the hydraulic loss≤0.001MPa to hot water outlet pipe (5) by cold water inlet (4), single module outflow >=0.15L/S, pressure-bearing >=1.0MPa.Assisted heating device (9) is auxiliary thermal source, can adopt and provide boiler room for oneself.For guaranteeing domestic hot-water water temperature≤60 DEG C, control domestic hot-water's leaving water temperature, prevent from scalding, therefore at hot water pipe net, constant-temperature water mixing valve (10) is set.The present invention can be that single inhabitation user uses, and is also applicable to concentrating user's concentrated hot-water heating system.The present invention is complete set series of products, can adopt basic module to carry out multimode according to engineering characteristic extending transversely, as shown in Figure 2, and also two-way expansion in length and breadth, as shown in Figure 3.

Claims (7)

1. a thermal-arrest, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy water heater, comprise the outer box body (2) conducting for the full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe (7) of thermal-arrest and for heat, it is characterized in that: the inner filling of described outer box body (2) is useful on the heating agent of heat conduction, and described full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe (7) is vertically plugged on the lower wall of described outer box body (2); The inside of described outer box body (2) is provided with the interior box body (3) for storing hot water, and the left and right sides of described interior box body (3) is connected with respectively turnover domestic hot-water's cold water inlet (4) and hot water outlet pipe (5).
2. thermal-arrest according to claim 1, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy water heater, it is characterized in that: the skin of described outer box body (2) is provided with the lagging casing (1) that prevents heat loss, described outer box body (2) is communicated with the bleeder pipe (6) for preventing explosion between lagging casing (1).
3. thermal-arrest according to claim 2, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy water heater, is characterized in that: between described full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe (7), be arranged in parallel, its rear side is provided with solar thermal collector support (8).
4. thermal-arrest according to claim 3, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy water heater, is characterized in that: described all-glass vacuum tube (7) is double-glass vacuum pipe, and diameter is preferably 47mm-58mm; Length is preferably 1800mm-2100mm.
5. thermal-arrest according to claim 3, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy water heater, is characterized in that: described interior box body (3) is stainless steel casing or the copper casing with good heat conductive performance.
6. thermal-arrest according to claim 3, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy water heater, is characterized in that: described cold water inlet (4) is to hot water outlet pipe (5) hydraulic loss≤0.001MPa, single module outflow >=0.15L/S, pressure-bearing >=1.0MPa.
7. a thermal-arrest, heat-storage is unpowered circulating solar energy hot-water heating system, comprise the outer box body (2) conducting for the full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe (7) of thermal-arrest and for heat, it is characterized in that: the inner filling of described outer box body (2) is useful on the heating agent of heat conduction, the skin of described outer box body (2) is provided with the lagging casing (1) that prevents heat loss, and described outer box body (2) is communicated with the bleeder pipe (6) for preventing explosion between lagging casing (1), described full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe (7) is vertically plugged on the lower wall of described outer box body (2), between described full-glass solar energy heat collecting vacuum pipe (7), be arranged in parallel, its rear side is provided with solar thermal collector support (8), the inside of described outer box body (2) is provided with the interior box body (3) for storing hot water, the left and right sides of described interior box body (3) is connected with respectively turnover domestic hot-water's cold water inlet (4) and hot water outlet pipe (5), hot water outlet pipe (5) is led in the pipeline of each family heat for end and is communicated with assisted heating device (9), described heat is for being connected constant-temperature water mixing valve (10) between the cold water inlet (4) of holding and hot water outlet pipe (5).
CN201410206537.3A 2014-05-16 2014-05-16 Heat collection and storage type unpowered solar water heater and hot water system Pending CN103940114A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105783285A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-07-20 北京桑达太阳能技术有限公司 Heat accumulation type domestic solar water heating system
CN107401845A (en) * 2017-08-27 2017-11-28 银川艾尼工业科技开发股份有限公司 A kind of solar water heating system of vertical wall-mounted water container heat collection integration
CN107940783A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-20 中国建筑设计院有限公司 A kind of unpowered solar energy integrates hot-water heating system

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CN201363816Y (en) * 2009-03-02 2009-12-16 赵得全 Solar energy hot water heating device
WO2010071903A2 (en) * 2008-11-17 2010-06-24 Sven Ian Jacobsen Solar geysers
CN102022833A (en) * 2009-09-18 2011-04-20 肖功宽 Square thermal-collecting tube of solar water heater
CN202581852U (en) * 2012-03-26 2012-12-05 北京索乐阳光能源科技有限公司 Powerless circulation instant heating type solar water heater
CN202613552U (en) * 2012-05-30 2012-12-19 中国建筑设计研究院 Residential pipeline heat storage compact type solar domestic hot water system without water meter
CN204063627U (en) * 2014-05-16 2014-12-31 中国建筑设计研究院 Thermal-arrest, heat-storage unpowered solar energy hydrophone and hot-water heating system

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2606312Y (en) * 2003-01-28 2004-03-10 赵振田 Solar multiple heat source water heater with pipe drainer
CN1624397A (en) * 2004-09-20 2005-06-08 熊珍国 Three-chamber full glass heat pipe type bivacuum solar heat pipe
CN2901167Y (en) * 2006-05-23 2007-05-16 江苏桑夏太阳能产业有限公司 Heat exchange pressure-bearing solar water heater with heat storage inner container
CN101149190A (en) * 2007-10-18 2008-03-26 北京四季沐歌太阳能技术有限公司 Vacuum tube direct-insertion type solar hot water system
WO2010071903A2 (en) * 2008-11-17 2010-06-24 Sven Ian Jacobsen Solar geysers
CN201363816Y (en) * 2009-03-02 2009-12-16 赵得全 Solar energy hot water heating device
CN102022833A (en) * 2009-09-18 2011-04-20 肖功宽 Square thermal-collecting tube of solar water heater
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CN202613552U (en) * 2012-05-30 2012-12-19 中国建筑设计研究院 Residential pipeline heat storage compact type solar domestic hot water system without water meter
CN204063627U (en) * 2014-05-16 2014-12-31 中国建筑设计研究院 Thermal-arrest, heat-storage unpowered solar energy hydrophone and hot-water heating system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105783285A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-07-20 北京桑达太阳能技术有限公司 Heat accumulation type domestic solar water heating system
CN107401845A (en) * 2017-08-27 2017-11-28 银川艾尼工业科技开发股份有限公司 A kind of solar water heating system of vertical wall-mounted water container heat collection integration
CN107401845B (en) * 2017-08-27 2023-07-18 银川艾尼工业科技开发股份有限公司 Vertical wall-mounted water tank heat collection integrated solar water heating system
CN107940783A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-20 中国建筑设计院有限公司 A kind of unpowered solar energy integrates hot-water heating system

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