CN103938791B - A kind of prefabricated panel and the external wall assembled by it - Google Patents

A kind of prefabricated panel and the external wall assembled by it Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103938791B
CN103938791B CN201410157402.2A CN201410157402A CN103938791B CN 103938791 B CN103938791 B CN 103938791B CN 201410157402 A CN201410157402 A CN 201410157402A CN 103938791 B CN103938791 B CN 103938791B
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China
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ribs
rib
auxiliary
main
prefabricated panel
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CN201410157402.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103938791A (en
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潘旭鹏
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潘旭鹏
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Priority to CN201310726320.0 priority
Priority to CN201310726320 priority
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Priority to CN201410157402.2A priority patent/CN103938791B/en
Publication of CN103938791A publication Critical patent/CN103938791A/en
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Publication of CN103938791B publication Critical patent/CN103938791B/en

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Abstract

The invention belongs to building field, be specifically related to a kind of prefabricated panel and the external wall assembled by it.This prefabricated panel includes that wallboard steel skeleton, described wallboard steel skeleton include main rib, auxiliary rib and ribs;Described auxiliary rib is perpendicular to main rib, and the two ends of auxiliary rib are connected with upper and lower two main ribs respectively;The two ends of described ribs are all connected with main rib, auxiliary rib;The both sides of described wallboard steel skeleton are provided with panel, are heat-insulation layer between described panel, and described heat-insulation layer is provided with core.The present invention provides a kind of prefabricated panel and the external wall assembled by it, and this wallboard from its structure itself, lightweight, insulation, can assemble, can save freight, and wallboard self structure is stable, durable, reasonable;The industrial premises exterior wall durability assembled by it and bearing are the strongest.

Description

A kind of prefabricated panel and the external wall assembled by it

Technical field

The invention belongs to building field, be specifically related to a kind of prefabricated panel and the building assembled by it Exterior wall.

Background technology

At present, building construction uses various prefabricated panels in a large number.In precast plant (field) Or construction site be processed into for building assembling reinforced-concrete board type members, be called for short prefabricated Wallboard.Use prefabricated panel, compare with color steel sheet, concrete block masonry, can improve batch production, Mechanized construction degree, reduces situ wet operation, saves on-the-spot recruitment, overcomes seasonal effect, Shorten the construction cycle.These prefabricated panels have saved the time that body of wall is installed.

But the wall body structure weight installed by these prefabricated panels is big, poor durability, weight is big, Especially for industrial premises;And lose time with Assembling wallboard, expend skill etc..

The Chinese utility model patent of Patent No. 200520080547.3 discloses a kind of load-bearing Energy-conservation prefabricated panel, is mainly made up of steel wire, bar frame, central layer, auxiliary warming plate, It is characterized in that, being provided with polylith central layer in steel wire net rack, pea gravel concreten is by steel wire, reinforcing bar Rack, central layer water together with knot with auxiliary warming plate, can reach to go along with sb. to guard him by arrangement above, Load-bearing is difunctional, can prevent " heat bridge " phenomenon.But this body structure of this prefabricated panel is not Firmly, simply bear weight against pea gravel concreten, actual demand can not be reached.

Application number number is prefabricated panel and the patent of the PCT Publication of 200780022290.8 Number be 200520080775.0 Chinese utility model patent disclosed in prefabricated panel, there is also Force structure problem, for industrial premises exterior wall aspect, its durability, stability all can not reach To requiring.

So, lack in the market a kind of well-set, mechanical strength good, stability under loading Prefabricated panel.

Summary of the invention

The present invention provides a kind of prefabricated panel and the external wall assembled by it, and this wallboard is tied from it Structure itself sets out, and lightweight, insulation, can assemble, can save freight, wallboard self Stability Analysis of Structures, durable, reasonable;The industrial premises exterior wall durability assembled by it and bearing are also Stronger.

A kind of prefabricated panel, including wallboard steel skeleton, described wallboard steel skeleton includes main rib, auxiliary Rib and ribs;Described auxiliary rib is perpendicular to main rib, and the two ends of auxiliary rib respectively with upper and lower two Main rib connects;The two ends of described ribs are all connected with main rib and/or auxiliary rib;Described wallboard steel The both sides of skeleton are provided with panel, are heat-insulation layer between described panel, install in described heat-insulation layer There is core.

Preferably, described ribs is tension rod member to such scheme;Described auxiliary rib is three puts down The auxiliary rib of row, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into two parts, every part has a ribs, Two ribs composition " V " word shapes, described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs become Shape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is four parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into three Part, every part has a ribs, wherein two adjacent ribs composition " V " word shapes, Other two adjacent ribs are parallel, and described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeOr Shape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is five parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into four Point, every part has a ribs, ribs one-tenth " V " word shapes that centre two is adjacent, and two The ribs of end is parallel with adjacent ribs respectively, and described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is six parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs Being divided equally into five parts, the ribs that the ribs at two ends is adjacent respectively is parallel, and middle adds The strong rib ribs that any one is adjacent with it one-tenth " V " word shape, with its another adjacent adding Strong rib is parallel, and described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeOrShape Connect;Or described auxiliary rib is seven parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into six Point, every part has a ribs, ribs one-tenth " V " word shapes that centre two is adjacent, and two The ribs of end is parallel with adjacent ribs respectively, and described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects.

Preferably, described ribs is for supporting rod member for any of the above-described scheme;Described auxiliary rib is three Individual parallel auxiliary rib, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into two parts, every part has a reinforcement Rib, two ribs composition " ∧ " shapes, described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs become Shape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is four parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into three Part, every part has a ribs, and wherein two adjacent ribs become " ∧ " shape, additionally Two adjacent ribs are parallel, and described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeOr Shape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is five parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into four Point, every part has a ribs, middle two adjacent ribs to become " ∧ " shape, two ends Ribs parallel with adjacent ribs respectively, described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is six parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs Being divided equally into five parts, the ribs that the ribs at two ends is adjacent respectively is parallel, and middle adds The strong rib ribs that any one is adjacent with it one-tenth " ∧ " word shape, with its another adjacent adding Strong rib is parallel, and described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeOrShape is even Connect;Or described auxiliary rib is seven parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into six parts, Every part has a ribs, middle two adjacent ribs to become " ∧ " shape, adding of two ends Strong rib is parallel with adjacent ribs respectively, and described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects.

Preferably, described ribs is tension rod member and supports rod member any of the above-described scheme;Institute Stating auxiliary rib is three parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into two parts, every part Having two ribs, two ribs of every part are interconnection, described main rib, auxiliary rib, Ribs becomesShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is four parallel auxiliary ribs, and up and down Two main ribs are divided equally into three parts, and every part has two ribs, two ribs of every part In interconnection, described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects;Or it is described auxiliary Rib is five parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into four parts, and every part has two Individual ribs, two ribs of every part are interconnection, described main rib, auxiliary rib, reinforcement Rib becomesShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is six parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two Main rib is divided equally into five parts, and every part has two ribs, two ribs submissions of every part Fork connects, and described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib Being seven parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into six parts, every part has two Ribs, two ribs of every part are interconnection, described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs BecomeShape connects.

Any of the above-described scheme preferably, described main rib, passes through node between auxiliary rib and ribs Plate is with bolts, fastener and or being welded to connect.

Preferably, described corner protector is L-type to any of the above-described scheme.

Any of the above-described scheme preferably, described panel and wallboard steel skeleton by self-tapping screw and / or bonded adhesives connection.

Preferably, described self-tapping screw spacing is 200mm to the maximum to any of the above-described scheme.

Any of the above-described scheme preferably, described main rib is provided with antidetonation connecting plate.

Any of the above-described scheme preferably, the described a length of 100-200mm of antidetonation connecting plate, wide Degree is for less than integral prefabricated wall panel thickness 5-10mm;It is spaced between adjacent two antidetonation connecting plates 1-1.5 rice.

Preferably, described insulation layer thickness is 120-300mm to any of the above-described scheme.

Preferably, described wallboard steel skeleton main rib, auxiliary rib use C-type steel to any of the above-described scheme Or rectangular steel tube.

Preferably, described wallboard steel skeleton ribs uses C-type steel, side to any of the above-described scheme Shape steel pipe, reinforcing bar or steel plate.Ribs can be carried out bolt fastening when using reinforcing bar, profit In prefabricated panel overall structure stress.

Preferably, described prefabricated panel corner connects corner protector to any of the above-described scheme.Corner protector The effect of part is the bonding strength improving overall steel skeleton with rest.

Preferably, described prefabricated panel corner and corner protector use bolt even to any of the above-described scheme Connect or be welded to connect.

Preferably, described plate thickness is 18-30mm to any of the above-described scheme.

Preferably, described panel surface is with decorative layer for any of the above-described scheme.Based on panel Raw material sheet material or directly make decorative pattern, striped assemble after again carry out decorate panel table Layer, or after panel top layer is directly decorated by factory, scene assembles.

The application during building exterior wall of any of the above-described prefabricated panel.

A kind of external wall, including the prefabricated panel described in any of the above-described item, rest, body junction Structure column.This external wall is applicable to the industrial premises without crane and large public building.

Such scheme preferably, described prefabricated panel, rest, the installation of agent structure column Technique is: mounting body structural upright;Rest is installed on the body construction;Rest is installed Prefabricated panel, installs antidetonation connecting plate between prefabricated panel.On the one hand antidetonation connecting plate plays Antidetonation interconnection function between every piece of prefabricated panel, on the one hand makes the panel of every piece of prefabricated panel Change into being born by antidetonation connecting plate with the shearing force that links of prefabricated panel steel skeleton, improve panel And the safety between steel skeleton.

Any of the above-described scheme preferably, the described a length of 100-200mm of antidetonation connecting plate, wide Degree is for less than integral prefabricated wall panel thickness 5-10mm;It is spaced between adjacent two antidetonation connecting plates 1-1.5 rice.

Any of the above-described scheme preferably, between described prefabricated panel and rest between use and weld Or bolt connects.

Any of the above-described scheme preferably, uses between described rest with agent structure column and welds Connect or bolt connects.

Any of the above-described scheme preferably, leaves the gap of 15-20mm between described prefabricated panel Seam, the embedded full weather-resistant glue of described clearance gap.

A kind of external wall, it comprises any of the above-described kind of prefabricated panel, rest, agent structure are stood Post and Assembling wallboard.This external wall is applicable to the industrial premises having crane.

In described scheme preferably, described prefabricated panel, rest, agent structure column, existing Field assembles the mounting process of wallboard: mounting body structural upright;Agent structure column is pacified Dress rest;Rest is installed prefabricated panel, between adjacent prefabricated panel, leaves space, with Just erecting bed assembles wallboard;Between prefabricated panel, erecting bed assembles wallboard;Between wallboard Space weather-resistant glue carry out filleting process.

The prefabricated panel self structure that the present invention provides is stable, durable, weight capacity is relatively strong, and Easy to make, install wallboard convenient, it is adaptable to industrialized production, save labour cost, improve Work efficiency;Auxiliary rib and ribs in the present invention are the important support structures playing transmission external load Part, is to be delivered to bottom by top main rib by auxiliary rib and ribs when external load transmits Main rib, is delivered on rest the most again, is eventually transferred in agent structure, and so overall is subject to Power more reasonable structure, also allows for the checking computations of mechanical property, improves holistic resistant behavior.By its group Industrial premises exterior wall durability and the bearing of dress are the strongest.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The precast wall panel structure schematic diagram of preferred embodiment.

Fig. 2 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The assembled relation schematic diagram of the prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodiment.

Fig. 3 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Fig. 4 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Fig. 5 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The ribs of preferred embodiment is the version schematic diagram of reinforcing bar.

Fig. 6 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Fig. 7 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Fig. 8 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Fig. 9 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Figure 10 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Figure 11 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Figure 12 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Figure 13 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Figure 14 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Figure 15 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Figure 16 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Figure 17 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Figure 18 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The prefabricated panel internal steel skeleton of preferred embodimentShape connects figure.

Figure 19 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The rest diagram of preferred embodiment.

Figure 20 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The installation diagram of the prefabricated panel of preferred embodiment.

Figure 21 is the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and assembled by it the one of external wall The external wall erection sequence figure a of preferred embodiment.

Figure 22 assembles the excellent of external wall for the prefabricated panel provided according to the present invention and by it Select the external wall erection sequence figure b of embodiment.

In figure: 1-prefabricated panel, 2-main rib, the auxiliary rib of 3-, 4-ribs, 5-panel, 6- Gusset plate, 7-corner protector, 8-core, 9-rest, 10-antidetonation connecting plate, 11-solid is tied Structure column, 12-Assembling wallboard.

Detailed description of the invention

In order to further appreciate that the technical characteristic of the present invention, below in conjunction with specific embodiment to this Bright it is set forth in.Embodiment only has exemplary effect to the present invention, and does not has Any restrictive effect, it is any that those skilled in the art makes on the basis of the present invention The amendment of unsubstantiality, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Embodiment 1

A kind of prefabricated panel 1, as it is shown in figure 1, include wallboard steel skeleton, described wallboard reinforcing bar Frame includes main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3 and ribs 4;Described auxiliary rib 3 is perpendicular to main rib 2, and The two ends of auxiliary rib 3 are connected with upper and lower two main ribs 2 respectively;The two ends of described ribs 4 all with Main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3 connect;The both sides of described wallboard steel skeleton are provided with panel 5, described Being heat-insulation layer between plate 5, described heat-insulation layer is provided with core 8, and described main rib 2 is provided with Antidetonation connecting plate 10, the described a length of 100-200mm of antidetonation connecting plate 10, width is for being less than Integral prefabricated wall panel thickness 5-10mm;1-1.5 rice it is spaced between adjacent two antidetonation connecting plates.

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, As shown in Figure 2,3, ribs 4 is tension rod member;Auxiliary rib 3 is three parallel auxiliary ribs, And upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into two parts, every part has a ribs 4, and two add Strong rib 4 forms " V " word shape.

In the present embodiment, gusset plate is passed through between described main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3 and ribs 4 6 is with bolts.

In the present embodiment, described corner protector 7 is L-type.

In the present embodiment, described panel 5 and wallboard steel skeleton are by self-tapping screw and bonded adhesives Couple;Described self-tapping screw spacing is 200mm.

In the present embodiment, described insulation layer thickness is 120-300mm.

In the present embodiment, described prefabricated panel 1 four jiaos is with bolts with corner protector 7. The effect of corner protector is the bonding strength improving overall steel skeleton with rest.

In the present embodiment, described panel 5 thickness is 18-30mm, and panel surface is with decoration Layer.

Embodiment 2

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeAs shown in Figure 4, Ribs 4 is tension rod member, and auxiliary rib 3 is four parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into three parts, and every part has a ribs 4, and wherein two adjacent ribs 4 form " V " word shape, other two adjacent ribs 4 are parallel.

In the present embodiment, wallboard steel skeleton main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3 use C-type steel.Wallboard steel Skeleton ribs 4 uses reinforcing bar, as shown in Figure 5.Can be directly by steel bar welding during use reinforcing bar Receive on gusset plate, or by reinforcing bar two ends tapping hitch, use bolt between two gusset plates Reinforcing bar is fastened, stretches, meet the force request of ribs 4.

Embodiment 3

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, As shown in Figure 6;Ribs 4 is tension rod member, and auxiliary rib 3 is five parallel auxiliary ribs, and handle Upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into four parts, and every part has a ribs 4, and centre two is adjacent Ribs 4 become " V " word shape, the ribs 4 at two ends respectively with adjacent ribs 4 Parallel.

Embodiment 4

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, As it is shown in fig. 7, ribs 4 is tension rod member, auxiliary rib 3 is six parallel auxiliary ribs, and handle Upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into five parts, the reinforcement that the ribs 4 at two ends is adjacent respectively Rib 4 is parallel, and any one adjacent ribs 4 becomes " V " font to middle ribs 4 with it Shape, parallel with its another adjacent ribs 4.

Embodiment 5

A kind of external wall, including the prefabricated panel 1 in embodiment 1, rest 9, body junction Structure column 11, the pattern of rest 9 is as shown in figure 19.This external wall is applicable to without crane Industrial premises.

In the present embodiment, prefabricated panel 1, rest 9, the mounting process of agent structure column 11 As shown in figure 21, particularly as follows: mounting body structural upright 11;At agent structure column 11 Upper installation rest 9;Rest 9 is installed prefabricated panel 1, the installation of prefabricated panel such as Figure 20 Shown in.

In the present embodiment, described prefabricated panel 1 uses with rest 9 and is welded to connect.

In the present embodiment, described agent structure column 11 is with bolts with rest 9.

In the present embodiment, leaving the clearance gap of 15mm between prefabricated panel, clearance gap is embedded full Weather-resistant glue.

Embodiment 6

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, as Shown in Fig. 9, ribs 4 is for supporting rod member, and auxiliary rib 3 is three parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper Lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into two parts, and every part has a ribs 4, two ribs 4 Composition " ∧ " shape.

In the present embodiment, gusset plate is passed through between described main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3 and ribs 4 6 use fastener to connect.

In the present embodiment, described panel 5 is connected by self-tapping screw with wallboard steel skeleton;Institute Stating self-tapping screw spacing is 180mm.

In the present embodiment, described wallboard steel skeleton main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3 use rectangular steel tube. Described wallboard steel skeleton ribs 4 uses rectangular steel tube.

In the present embodiment, described prefabricated panel 1 four jiaos uses welding 9 to be connected with corner protector 7. The effect of corner protector is the bonding strength improving overall steel skeleton with rest 9.

Embodiment 7

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, as Shown in Figure 10, ribs 4 is for supporting rod member, and auxiliary rib 3 is four parallel auxiliary ribs, and handle Upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into three parts, and every part has a ribs 4, and wherein two is adjacent Ribs 4 becomes " ∧ " shape, and other two adjacent ribs 4 are parallel.

Embodiment 8

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, as Shown in Figure 11, ribs 4 is for supporting rod member, and auxiliary rib 3 is five parallel auxiliary ribs, and handle Upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into four parts, and every part has a ribs 4, and centre two is adjacent Ribs 4 become " ∧ " shape, the ribs 4 at two ends is parallel with adjacent ribs respectively.

Embodiment 9

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, As shown in figure 12, ribs 4 is for supporting rod member, and auxiliary rib 3 is six parallel auxiliary ribs, and Upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into five parts, and what the ribs 4 at two ends was adjacent respectively adds Strong rib is parallel, and middle ribs 4 ribs that any one is adjacent with it becomes " ∧ " word shape, Parallel with its another adjacent ribs 4.

Embodiment 10

A kind of external wall, by the prefabricated panel 1 in embodiment 6, antidetonation connecting plate 10, props up Torr, agent structure column 11 assemble;This external wall is applicable to the industrial factory without crane Room.

In the present embodiment, prefabricated panel 1, rest 9, the mounting process of agent structure column 12 For: mounting body structural upright 12;Agent structure column 11 is installed rest 9;Propping up Prefabricated panel 1 is installed in torr 9, winds up at prefabricated panel steel skeleton during prefabricated panel is installed Main rib and its another block prefabricated panel installed above wind up between main rib, at interval of 1-1.5 rice, Lay a block length at 100-200mm;Width is less than integral prefabricated wall panel thickness 5-10mm Steel plate antidetonation connecting plate.On the one hand this antidetonation connecting plate plays resisting between every piece of prefabricated panel Shake interconnection function, on the one hand makes the panel of every piece of prefabricated panel and the chain of prefabricated panel steel skeleton Connect shearing force to change into being born by antidetonation connecting plate, improve the safety between panel and steel skeleton Property.

In the present embodiment, described prefabricated panel 1 is with bolts with rest 9.

In the present embodiment, described agent structure column 11 uses with rest 9 and is welded to connect.

Embodiment 11

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, as Shown in Figure 14, ribs 4 be tension rod member and support rod member, auxiliary rib 3 be three parallel Auxiliary rib, and upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into two parts, every part has two ribs 4, Two ribs 4 of every part are in interconnection.

Embodiment 12

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, as Shown in Figure 15, ribs 4 be tension rod member and support rod member, auxiliary rib 3 be four parallel Auxiliary rib, and upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into three parts, every part has two ribs 4, Two ribs 4 of every part are in interconnection.

Embodiment 13

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, as Shown in Figure 16, ribs 4 be tension rod member and support rod member, auxiliary rib 3 be five parallel Auxiliary rib, and upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into four parts, every part has two ribs 4, Two ribs 4 of every part are in interconnection.

Embodiment 14

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, As shown in figure 17, ribs 4 be tension rod member and support rod member, auxiliary rib 3 be six parallel Auxiliary rib, and upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into five parts, every part has two ribs 4, Two ribs 4 of every part are in interconnection.

Embodiment 15

A kind of external wall, including the prefabricated panel 1 in embodiment 14, rest 9, body junction Structure column 11, Assembling wallboard 12;This external wall is applicable to the industrial premises having crane.

In the present embodiment, prefabricated panel 1, rest 9, agent structure column 11, Assembling The mounting process of wallboard 12 as shown in figure 19, particularly as follows: mounting body structural upright 11; Agent structure column 12 is installed rest 9;Rest 9 is installed prefabricated panel 1, adjacent Prefabricated panel between leave space, in order to erecting bed assemble wallboard 12;At prefabricated panel 1 Between erecting bed assemble wallboard 12;Space weather-resistant glue between wallboard carries out filleting process.

In the present embodiment, described prefabricated panel 1 is with bolts with rest 9.

In the present embodiment, described agent structure column 11 uses with rest 9 and is welded to connect.

Embodiment 16

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, As shown in Figure 8, ribs 4 is tension rod member, and auxiliary rib 3 is seven parallel auxiliary ribs, and handle Upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally into six parts, and every part has a ribs 4, and centre two is adjacent Ribs 4 become " V " word shape, the ribs 4 at two ends respectively with adjacent ribs 4 Parallel.

Embodiment 17

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, As shown in figure 13, auxiliary rib 3 is seven parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally Becoming six parts, every part has a ribs 4, middle two adjacent ribs 4 to become " ∧ " Shape, the ribs 4 at two ends is parallel with adjacent ribs 4 respectively.

Embodiment 18

A kind of prefabricated panel, essentially identical with embodiment 1 of this wallboard, its difference is:

In the present embodiment, main rib 2, auxiliary rib 3, ribs 4 becomeShape connects, As shown in figure 18, auxiliary rib 3 is seven parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs 2 are divided equally Becoming six parts, every part has two ribs 4, and two ribs 4 of every part are in intersecting even Connect.

Claims (25)

1. a prefabricated panel, including wallboard steel skeleton, it is characterised in that described wallboard steel skeleton also includes Main rib, auxiliary rib and ribs;Described auxiliary rib is perpendicular to main rib, and the two ends of auxiliary rib respectively with upper and lower two Main rib connects;The two ends of described ribs are all connected with main rib and/or auxiliary rib;It is easy to the checking computations of mechanical property, The both sides of described wallboard steel skeleton are provided with panel, are heat-insulation layer between described panel, peace in described heat-insulation layer Equipped with core, described main rib is provided with antidetonation connecting plate.
2. prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described ribs is tension rod member; Described auxiliary rib is three parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into two parts, and every part has one Ribs, two ribs composition " V " word shapes, described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape Connect;Or described auxiliary rib is four parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into three parts, every portion Dividing and have a ribs, wherein two adjacent ribs composition " V " word shapes, other two adjacent ribs are parallel, Described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeOrShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib be five parallel Auxiliary rib, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into four parts, every part has a ribs, middle two adjacent Ribs become " V " word shape, the ribs at two ends is parallel with adjacent ribs respectively, described main rib, Auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is six parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two Individual main rib is divided equally into five parts, and the ribs that the ribs at two ends is adjacent respectively is parallel, middle reinforcement Any one adjacent ribs of rib and its becomes " V " word shape, parallel with its another adjacent ribs, institute State main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs one-tenthOrShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is seven and puts down The auxiliary rib of row, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into six parts, every part has a ribs, middle biphase Adjacent ribs becomes " V " word shape, and the ribs at two ends is parallel with adjacent ribs respectively, described main rib, Auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects.
3. prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described ribs is for supporting rod member; Described auxiliary rib is three parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into two parts, and every part has one Ribs, two ribs composition " ∧ " shapes, described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape Connect;Or described auxiliary rib is four parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into three parts, every portion Dividing and have a ribs, wherein two adjacent ribs become " ∧ " shape, and other two adjacent ribs are parallel, Described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeOrShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib be five parallel Auxiliary rib, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into four parts, every part has a ribs, middle two adjacent Ribs become " ∧ " shape, the ribs at two ends is parallel with adjacent ribs respectively, described main rib, Auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is six parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two Individual main rib is divided equally into five parts, and the ribs that the ribs at two ends is adjacent respectively is parallel, middle reinforcement Any one adjacent ribs of rib and its becomes " ∧ " word shape, parallel with its another adjacent ribs, Described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeOrShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is seven Parallel auxiliary rib, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into six parts, every part has a ribs, centre two Adjacent ribs becomes " ∧ " shape, and the ribs at two ends is parallel with adjacent ribs respectively, described master Rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects.
4. prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described ribs is tension rod member With support rod member;Described auxiliary rib is three parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into two parts, Every part has two ribs, and two ribs of every part are interconnection, described main rib, auxiliary rib, adds Strong rib becomesShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is four parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are put down Being divided into three parts, every part has two ribs, and two ribs of every part are interconnection, described master Rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib is five parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper Lower two main ribs are divided equally into four parts, and every part has two ribs, and two ribs of every part are intersection Connecting, described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects;Or described auxiliary rib be six parallel Auxiliary rib, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into five parts, every part has two ribs, two of every part Ribs is interconnection, and described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape connects;Or it is described auxiliary Rib is seven parallel auxiliary ribs, and upper and lower two main ribs are divided equally into six parts, and every part has two ribs, Two ribs of every part are interconnection, and described main rib, auxiliary rib, ribs becomeShape Connect.
5. prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described main rib, auxiliary rib and ribs Between by gusset plate is with bolts, fastener and/or be welded to connect.
6. prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described panel leads to wallboard steel skeleton Cross self-tapping screw and/or bonded adhesives connects.
7. prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that described self-tapping screw spacing is to the maximum 200mm。
8. prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described antidetonation connecting plate is a length of 100-200mm, width is less than integral prefabricated wall panel thickness 5-10mm;Between between adjacent two antidetonation connecting plates Every 1-1.5 rice.
9. prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described insulation layer thickness is 120-300mm。
10. prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described wallboard steel skeleton main rib, Auxiliary rib uses C-type steel or rectangular steel tube.
11. prefabricated panels as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described wallboard steel skeleton ribs Use C-type steel, rectangular steel tube, reinforcing bar or steel plate.
12. prefabricated panels as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described prefabricated panel corner connects There is corner protector.
13. prefabricated panels as claimed in claim 12, it is characterised in that described corner protector is L-type.
14. prefabricated panels as claimed in claim 12, it is characterised in that described prefabricated panel corner with protect Corner fittings uses clamping bolts or welded connection.
15. prefabricated panels as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described plate thickness is 18-30mm.
16. prefabricated panels as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described panel surface is with decoration Layer.
The application during building exterior wall of 17. prefabricated panels as described in any one of claim 1-16.
18. 1 kinds of external walls, including rest, agent structure column, it is characterised in that also include right Require the prefabricated panel described in 1.
19. external walls as claimed in claim 18, it is characterised in that described prefabricated panel, rest, The mounting process of agent structure column is: mounting body structural upright;Agent structure column is installed rest; Rest is installed prefabricated panel, antidetonation connecting plate is installed between prefabricated panel.
20. external walls as claimed in claim 19, it is characterised in that described antidetonation connecting plate is a length of 100-200mm, width is less than integral prefabricated wall panel thickness 5-10mm;It is spaced between adjacent two antidetonation connecting plates 1-1.5 rice.
21. external walls as claimed in claim 19, it is characterised in that described prefabricated panel and rest it Between use be welded to connect or bolt connect.
22. external walls as claimed in claim 19, it is characterised in that described rest stands with agent structure Use between post and be welded to connect or bolt connection.
23. external walls as claimed in claim 18, it is characterised in that leave between described prefabricated panel The clearance gap of 15-20mm, the embedded full weather-resistant glue of described clearance gap.
24. 1 kinds of external walls, it comprises the prefabricated panel described in claim 1, rest, agent structure Column and Assembling wallboard.
25. external walls as claimed in claim 24, it is characterised in that described prefabricated panel, rest, Agent structure column, the mounting process of Assembling wallboard be: mounting body structural upright;In agent structure Rest is installed on column;Rest is installed prefabricated panel, between adjacent prefabricated panel, leaves space, with Just erecting bed assembles wallboard;Between prefabricated panel, erecting bed assembles wallboard;Space between wallboard is used Weather-resistant glue carries out filleting process.
CN201410157402.2A 2013-12-25 2014-04-18 A kind of prefabricated panel and the external wall assembled by it CN103938791B (en)

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ES2543256B1 (en) * 2015-02-18 2016-05-26 De La Sierra Eduardo Herrezuelo spatial structure
CN104712063A (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-06-17 沈阳建筑大学 Earthquake-resistant energy-dissipation connecting structure for steel joists and girders
CN107366375B (en) * 2017-07-19 2019-07-23 潘旭鹏 A kind of precast facade
CN107642180A (en) * 2017-08-30 2018-01-30 潘旭鹏 A kind of precast facade
CN108049515A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-05-18 刘超 It is a kind of to be used to reduce the supporting rod that building deformation caves in earthquake
CN109736471A (en) * 2018-12-18 2019-05-10 浙江绿筑集成科技有限公司 A kind of connecting structure and preparation method thereof of precast facade horizontal stripe plate

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