CN103938361B - A kind of 3D knitting and forming technique of household textiles - Google Patents

A kind of 3D knitting and forming technique of household textiles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103938361B
CN103938361B CN201410199755.9A CN201410199755A CN103938361B CN 103938361 B CN103938361 B CN 103938361B CN 201410199755 A CN201410199755 A CN 201410199755A CN 103938361 B CN103938361 B CN 103938361B
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China
Prior art keywords
household textiles
jacquard
fabric
knitting
needle
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CN201410199755.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103938361A (en
Inventor
汪明星
张丽哲
陈永兵
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紫罗兰家纺科技股份有限公司
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Abstract

The present invention discloses the 3D knitting and forming technique of a kind of household textiles, described household textiles raw material use the doublet cord Quality Pure Cotton Yarn Production of 100 120 or wash, tencel Modal, viscose yarn or have its scribbled, production stage is followed successively by the finishing process such as warping, weaving, desizing, boiling-off, dyeing or stamp, tentering, calendering.Wherein weaving process uses the double-needle bed raschel tricot machine with jacquard comb to weave, and utilizes positive and negative two one sides of 4 ground comb braided fabrics respectively, utilizes 2 jacquard combs to complete stitching and the jacquard weave of two one sides.Present invention achieves the one-shot forming braiding process of household textiles, abandon traditional woven weaving fabric and need reduction, sewing process, two-needle bar warp knit weaving technology and Jacquard technology is used to achieve the 3D moulding process of textile household textiles, shorten the technological process of production of finished product, reduce production cost, be the once innovation of home textile industry.

Description

A kind of 3D knitting and forming technique of household textiles
Technical field
The present invention relates to the 3D knitting and forming technique of a kind of household textiles, be specially textile household textiles and use tricot machine one-shot forming weaving.
Background technology
Bedding are the important component parts of household textiles, and in China, bedding industry annual value of production occupies the 1/3 of home textiles total industrial output value.Raising, home textile industry comprehensive strength and the raising of innovation ability along with people's living standard, modern bedding have been a completely new concept, from utilitarian functions such as the bedding in past, coverages, gradually to decorating, beautify, the multi-functional aspect development such as health care, the bedding of class of all kinds, various series are a feast for the eyes, it has also become beautify household, the house ornament of increase cultural connotation.
Bedclothes fabric raw material is based on textile and polyester-cotton blend at present, and this is due to cotton fiber and fabric moisture good permeability thereof, is difficult to go mouldy and damages by worms, and dyeability is good, soft comfortable, without electrostatic, becomes the first-selected product of bedclothes fabric for a long time.
The processing mode of bedding is all processed as master with woven both at home and abroad, use the organizational structuries such as plain weave, twill, satin weave, the strength when fabric being made into can not only meet use, comfortableness requirement, and can the abundant design of dyed formation, decoration function is played in indoor.Woven fabric needs just can obtain the bedding of molding through series of processes such as discharge, cutting, parking stalls after printing and dyeing process, and these production processes will expend substantial amounts of human and material resources, increases production cost.If the production process of articles for use realizes the one-shot forming of the product such as pillowcase, quilt cover in bed, deduct the operation such as discharge, cutting, will greatly shorten the technological process of production, reduce production cost, will be to reform the most up hill and dale to whole home textile industry.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: for the problems referred to above, the purpose of the present invention is exactly to develop the 3D knitting and forming technique of a kind of household textiles.
Technical scheme: for reaching above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
The 3D knitting and forming technique of a kind of household textiles, comprises the steps:
A) warp-knitted face fabric prepares: prepare the Quality Pure Cotton Yarn Production needed for warp-knitted face fabric or wash, tencel Modal, viscose yarn or have its scribbled, described Quality Pure Cotton Yarn Production or wash, tencel Modal, viscose yarn or to have its scribbled count range be 100~120, doublet cord;
B) warping: it is carried out warping: described warp-knitted face fabric can be single-side fabric according to the purposes difference of household textiles, it is also possible to is reversible cloth;Described warping uses low speed warping, and speed 200 per minute~300 turns, tension in Warping span of control is 10~15cN/tex;Warping room temperature 20~26 DEG C, relative humidity 65~70%;
C) braiding: coiled hair good for warp quality is loaded double-needle bed raschel tricot machine, carry out warp knit weaving, wherein, double-needle bed raschel tricot machine is configured with 6 sley bars: 4 ground are combed: GB1, GB2, GB5, GB6,2 jacquard combs: JB3, JB4, positive and negative two one sides of 4 ground comb braided fabrics respectively, 2 jacquard combs complete stitching and the jacquard weave of two one sides;
D) arrange: grey cloth is carried out desizing, boiling-off, dyeing or stamp, tentering, calendering etc. and arranges.
As optimization: the coiled hair that described warp quality is good is: coiled hair shapes good, surfacing, and flatness tolerance value is 1mm, and warp thread is methodically arranged, it is ensured that unwinding is smoothly.
As optimization: be not more than 0.3% with group coiled hair periphery length difference value.
As optimization: in described step c), ground comb GB1, GB2 are at front needle-bar lopping, the upper strata one side of braiding tubular construction household textiles fabric.
As optimization: in described step c), ground comb GB5, GB6 are at rear needle-bar lopping, lower floor's one side of braiding tubular construction household textiles fabric.
As optimization: in described step c), jacquard comb JB3 and JB4 weaves at forward and backward needle-bar respectively, form one side jacquard effect, can also weave at forward and backward needle-bar simultaneously, connect two single-side fabrics: when weaving the upper and lower flat limit of tubular woven fabric, two single-side fabrics of ground comb braiding in former and later two needle bar pad yarn lopping, are stitched together, form bilateral structure simultaneously by all knitting needles of two sley bars of JB3, JB4;When the barrel timesharing of braiding tubular woven fabric, most of knitting needle of jacquard comb weaves at forward and backward needle-bar respectively, and only several pieces of knitting needles of barrel body structure edge minority weave at forward and backward needle-bar simultaneously, connect upper and lower monolithic;Use chaining and inlaid thread to organize the formation of separation stringer between the two pieces product that machine fabric width direction is adjacent, by the way of coil of decoherencing, after lower machine, separate two pieces of fabrics.
Beneficial effect: present invention achieves the one-shot forming braiding process of household textiles, abandon traditional woven weaving fabric and need reduction, sewing process, two-needle bar warp knit weaving technology and Jacquard technology is used to achieve the 3D moulding process of textile household textiles, shorten the technological process of production of finished product, reduce production cost, be the once innovation of home textile industry.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is to estimate the pillowcase number of packages schematic diagram that can simultaneously produce along machine width direction on a tricot machine in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the pillowcase structural representation in the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further elaborated.
Specific embodiment
Textile pillowcase production process is as follows:
(1) cotton yarn warping: select the bifilar cotton braid pillowcase of 120s.As shown in Figure 1, first estimate, according to length L of machine-wide W and every pillowcase, the pillowcase number of packages that can simultaneously produce on a tricot machine along machine width direction, the knitting needle number that need to use when accurately calculating actual production further according to plane No., i.e. needs the yarn radical used, and value carries out warping according to this.Warping uses low speed warping, and speed per minute 300 turns, tension in Warping is 12cN/tex;Warping room temperature 20~26 DEG C, relative humidity 65~70%.
(2) warp knit weaving: pillowcase structure is as shown in Figure 2.During braiding, a-quadrant, pillowcase flat limit is reversible cloth, and 4 ground combs weave in respective needle-bar lopping, and 2 jacquard combs all weave at forward and backward needle-bar simultaneously, form the bilateral structure with floral designs;B, C region of pillowcase weaves simultaneously and forms, and the weaving method in B region is identical with a-quadrant, and simply part jacquard needle weaves at forward and backward needle-bar;And C region is two single-side fabrics, and there is an opening h centre, when therefore weaving, ground comb GB1, GB2 and jacquard comb JB3 weaves at front needle-bar, forming the upper plane of pillowcase, ground comb GB5, GB6 and jacquard comb JB4 weaves at rear needle-bar, changes the organizational structure of jacquard comb at opening, the weaving method using big mesh realizes opening, forms the pillowcase lower plane with opening;The coupling part of adjacent pillowcase uses inlaid thread type Jacquard weave, makes convenient separation.
(3) grey cloth is carried out desizing, boiling-off, stamp, tentering, satinage.
For those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, it is also possible to make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.
Present invention achieves the one-shot forming braiding process of household textiles, abandon traditional woven weaving fabric and need reduction, sewing process, two-needle bar warp knit weaving technology and Jacquard technology is used to achieve the 3D moulding process of textile household textiles, shorten the technological process of production of finished product, reduce production cost, be the once innovation of home textile industry.

Claims (5)

1. the 3D knitting and forming technique of a household textiles, it is characterised in that: include walking as follows Rapid:
A) warp-knitted face fabric prepares: prepare the Quality Pure Cotton Yarn Production needed for warp-knitted face fabric or wash, tencel, not Dai Er or viscose yarn, described Quality Pure Cotton Yarn Production or wash, tencel, Modal or viscose yarn Line count range is 100~120, doublet cord;
B) warping: it is carried out warping: described warp-knitted face fabric is different according to the purposes of household textiles Can be single-side fabric, it is also possible to be reversible cloth;Described warping employing low speed warping, every point Clock speed 200~300 turns, tension in Warping span of control is 10~15cN/tex;Warping room Temperature 20~26 DEG C, relative humidity 65~70%;
C) braiding: good for warp quality coiled hair is loaded double-needle bed raschel tricot machine, carry out through Braiding is made, and wherein, double-needle bed raschel tricot machine is configured with 6 sley bars: 4 ground are combed: GB1, GB2, GB5, GB6,2 jacquard combs: JB3, JB4,4 ground combs weave respectively Positive and negative two one sides of fabric, 2 jacquard combs complete stitching and the jacquard weave of two one sides; Jacquard comb JB3 and JB4 weaves at forward and backward needle-bar respectively, forms one side jacquard effect, also Can weave at forward and backward needle-bar simultaneously, connect two single-side fabrics: when braiding tubular woven fabric During upper and lower flat limit, all knitting needles of two sley bars of JB3, JB4 are simultaneously at former and later two pins Two single-side fabrics of ground comb braiding are stitched together, form bilateral structure by mattress yarn lopping; When the barrel timesharing of braiding tubular woven fabric, most of knitting needle of jacquard comb is respectively at forward and backward pin Bed weaves, and only several pieces of knitting needles of barrel body structure edge minority are compiled at forward and backward needle-bar simultaneously Knit, connect upper and lower monolithic;Between the two pieces product that machine fabric width direction is adjacent use chaining and Inlaid thread organizes the formation of separation stringer, separates two pieces of fabrics after lower machine by the way of coil of decoherencing;
D) arrange: grey cloth is carried out desizing, boiling-off, dyeing or stamp, tentering, satinage.
2. the 3D knitting and forming technique of household textiles as claimed in claim 1, its feature exists In: the coiled hair that described warp quality is good is: coiled hair shapes good, surfacing, flatness Tolerance value is 1mm, and warp thread is methodically arranged, it is ensured that unwinding is smoothly.
3. the 3D knitting and forming technique of household textiles as claimed in claim 1, its feature exists In: it is not more than 0.3% with group coiled hair periphery length difference value.
4. the 3D knitting and forming technique of household textiles as claimed in claim 1, its feature exists In: in described step c), ground comb GB1, GB2, in front needle-bar lopping, weave tubular construction The upper strata one side of household textiles fabric.
5. the 3D knitting and forming technique of household textiles as claimed in claim 1, its feature exists In: in described step c), ground comb GB5, GB6, in rear needle-bar lopping, weave tubular construction Lower floor's one side of household textiles fabric.
CN201410199755.9A 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 A kind of 3D knitting and forming technique of household textiles CN103938361B (en)

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CN104264357A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-07 嘉兴金凯悦针织面料有限公司 55% Lyocell fiber, 25% cotton and 20% spun silk single-sided jacquard fabrics and production method thereof
CN105839278A (en) * 2015-01-16 2016-08-10 上海水星家用纺织品股份有限公司 Preparation method of superflexible knitted home textile product made by lyocell
CN107022836A (en) * 2016-01-29 2017-08-08 上海水星家用纺织品股份有限公司 A kind of preparation technology of the super soft fabric of warp knit pure cotton
CN107280327A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-10-24 福建省安然纺织科技有限公司 A kind of production technology of 3D mattresses
BR102017017992A2 (en) * 2017-08-22 2019-03-19 Ec Brand Com Imp Exp De Vest Em Geral Ltda Multi-layer Garment Liner
CN111344146A (en) * 2017-08-28 2020-06-26 Ec服装进出口商业品牌有限公司 Method for sewing multi-layer lining of clothes

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CN1811036A (en) * 2005-01-18 2006-08-02 日本迈耶株式会社 Construction of warp knitting cartridge knitting costuming and method for preparing same
CN101979741A (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-02-23 江南大学 Method for producing jacquard pile fabric
CN102587023A (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-07-18 东华大学 Traceless joint fabric knitting method of double-needle-bed warp knitting machine
CN103806216A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-21 常熟市欣鑫经纬编有限公司 Jacquard warp knitting machine with two needle beds

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JP2003003355A (en) * 2001-06-18 2003-01-08 Nippon Mayer Ltd Method for knitting three-dimensional warp knit fabric having different loop length and three-dimensional warp knit fabric
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1811036A (en) * 2005-01-18 2006-08-02 日本迈耶株式会社 Construction of warp knitting cartridge knitting costuming and method for preparing same
CN101979741A (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-02-23 江南大学 Method for producing jacquard pile fabric
CN102587023A (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-07-18 东华大学 Traceless joint fabric knitting method of double-needle-bed warp knitting machine
CN103806216A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-21 常熟市欣鑫经纬编有限公司 Jacquard warp knitting machine with two needle beds

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