CN103934703B - Multi-angle drilling and positioning fixture - Google Patents

Multi-angle drilling and positioning fixture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103934703B
CN103934703B CN201410193065.2A CN201410193065A CN103934703B CN 103934703 B CN103934703 B CN 103934703B CN 201410193065 A CN201410193065 A CN 201410193065A CN 103934703 B CN103934703 B CN 103934703B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
clamping
cylinder
internal expanding
ring
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410193065.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
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CN103934703A (en
Inventor
雷庭辉
李干希
Original Assignee
台山市金桥铝型材厂有限公司
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Priority to CN201410193065.2A priority Critical patent/CN103934703B/en
Publication of CN103934703A publication Critical patent/CN103934703A/en
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Publication of CN103934703B publication Critical patent/CN103934703B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • B23Q3/065Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material for holding workpieces being specially deformable, e.g. made from thin-walled or elastic material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q16/00Equipment for precise positioning of tool or work into particular locations not otherwise provided for
    • B23Q16/02Indexing equipment
    • B23Q16/08Indexing equipment having means for clamping the relatively movable parts together in the indexed position
    • B23Q16/10Rotary indexing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/002Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring the holding action of work or tool holders
    • B23Q17/003Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring the holding action of work or tool holders by measuring a position
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/002Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring the holding action of work or tool holders
    • B23Q17/005Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring the holding action of work or tool holders by measuring a force, a pressure or a deformation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated

Abstract

The invention discloses a multi-angle drilling and positioning fixture which comprises a base plate, a support frame, a rotating shaft, a positioning turnplate, a bolt device, and a product clamping device, wherein the support frame is vertically arranged on the base plate, the rotating shaft is arranged on the support frame through a bearing, the positioning turnplate is arranged at the front end of the rotating shaft through a key groove structure and synchronously rotates along with the rotating shaft, a positioning tooth groove corresponding to circumference distribution of a hole to be processed of a cylindrical product is formed in the circumference of the positioning turnplate, the bolt device is arranged on the front side of the support frame and is provided with inserting teeth, the movable inserting teeth are matched with the positioning tooth groove to achieve positioning, and the product clamping device is fixedly arranged at the rear end of the rotating shaft and synchronously rotates along with the rotating shaft. By the adoption of the technical scheme, quick, high-precision and multi-angle rotation and positioning of the cylindrical product are achieved, and efficiency, precision and quality of drilling processing of the cylindrical product are improved.

Description

A kind of multi-angle drilling positioning fixture
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of positioning fixture, be specifically related to a kind of multi-angle drilling positioning fixture for cylindric product periphery.
Background technology
Some cylindrical metal accessory product (as some frequency changer casing) needs hoop on its periphery to process the hole (through hole or counterbore) of multiple different angles, and the existing Drilling operation to this cylindric product mainly adopts in advance to cylindric product setting-out location, then Drilling operation is positioned by the simple auxiliary locating tool of human assistance, existing this simple method is little to some batch, the not high cylindric product Drilling operation of required precision can be said to be applicable, but its efficiency is low, boring positioning precision is poor, easily cause unstable product quality, it is in enormous quantities to some, and the product that product boring has multiple angles change requirement and high-precision requirement just can not be suitable for very well.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to for the problems referred to above weak point, provide a kind of multi-angle drilling positioning fixture, it can be located the multi-angle rotary of cylindric Realization of Product quick high accuracy, improves efficiency and the quality of cylindric product Drilling operation.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is by the following technical solutions:
A kind of multi-angle drilling positioning fixture, it comprises:
Base plate;
Bracing frame, it is vertically arranged on base plate;
Rotating shaft, it is arranged on bracing frame by bearing;
Locating turntable, its by keyway arrangements be arranged on rotating shaft front end and with rotating shaft synchronous axial system, this locating turntable is circumferentially provided with the location teeth groove corresponding with the hole to be processed circle distribution of cylindric product;
Bolt device, it is arranged on front side of bracing frame, and is provided with and locates teeth groove and to match the movable gear shaping of locating;
Clamping product device, its be fixedly mounted on rotating shaft rear end and with rotating shaft synchronous axial system.
Particularly, described bolt device comprises:
Guiding mount pad, it is arranged on front side of bracing frame, and this guiding mount pad is provided with gathering sill;
Movable latch, it is arranged in gathering sill, and its front end is the movable gear shaping of locating that matches with location teeth groove;
Latch cylinder, it is arranged on front side of bracing frame, and is connected with movable latch.
Concrete further, described clamping product device comprises:
Fixed disc, it is fixedly mounted on the rear end of rotating shaft, and coaxially arranges with rotating shaft, and the diameter of described fixed disc is greater than the diameter of cylindric product;
Clamping cylinder, it is fixedly mounted on the middle part of fixed disc;
Internal expanding mechanism, it is arranged between fixed disc and clamping cylinder outside, and is connected with the cylinder rod of clamping cylinder;
Clamping lock tube, it is arranged on cylinder rod end, and is connected with internal expanding mechanism, and described clamping lock tube is provided with the baffle ring that is connected with internal expanding mechanism and the sleeve for being fixed on cylinder rod end;
Pressing plate, it is provided with installation draw-in groove, and is arranged on the end of sleeve by installing draw-in groove, and described pressing plate diameter is greater than the diameter of cylindric product;
Adjusting nut, it is arranged on the sleeve ends on rear side of pressing plate.
Concrete further, described internal expanding mechanism comprises:
Internal expanding outer ring cylinder, its annular groove being arranged on fixed disc is coaxially arranged with rotating shaft, and the external diameter of described internal expanding outer ring cylinder is less than the internal diameter of cylindric product, and cylinder inwall end, internal expanding outer ring is provided with inclined-plane, outer ring;
Internal expanding inner ring cylinder, it is arranged in the cylinder of internal expanding outer ring, and its outer wall is provided with the inner ring inclined-plane suitable with inclined-plane, outer ring;
Internal expanding pressing plate, it is slidably mounted on cylinder rod, and its neighboring is connected with internal expanding inner ring cylinder end wall, and middle part contacts with the baffle ring of clamping lock tube and connects.
As preferably, described internal expanding outer ring cylinder is provided with suitablely with the hole to be processed circle distribution of cylindric product dodges hole.
As preferably, described fixed disc is provided with the Location resilient piece for identifying start position and the cylindric product of pre-clamping.
As preferably, described rotating shaft is provided with one for the locking nut of locking positioning rotating disk before locating turntable.
Further preferably, a buffer spring is provided with between described pressing plate and adjusting nut.
In order to improve the automatically working of fixture, the present invention also comprises the rotating shaft servo drive be located between bracing frame, and this rotating shaft servo drive comprises:
Servomotor, its by support installing on base plate;
Driven wheel, it is connected with servomotor;
Driven gear, it is fixedly mounted in rotating shaft, and engages with driven wheel.
In order to realize the intelligent coordinated work with outside drilling machine hand further, the present invention also comprises a control device, and this control device comprises:
Pressure sensor, it is arranged on clamping product device;
Angular transducer, it is arranged in rotating shaft;
External equipment compatibility interface;
Programmable Logic Controller, it is electrically connected with pressure sensor, angular transducer, external equipment compatibility interface, bolt device, clamping product device and rotating shaft servo drive;
The monitoring information that Programmable Logic Controller feeds back according to pressure sensor and angular transducer, transmission executive signal carries out cooperation to bolt device, clamping product device and rotating shaft servo drive and performs an action.
The present invention adopts above technical scheme, realizes locating the multi-angle rotary of cylindric Realization of Product quick high accuracy, improves the efficiency of cylindric product Drilling operation, precision and quality.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is cylindric product perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that cylindric product structure of the present invention is just intended to.
Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structure front view of multi-angle drilling positioning fixture of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structure sectional view of multi-angle drilling positioning fixture described in the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 6 is the structural perspective one of multi-angle drilling positioning fixture described in the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 7 is the structural perspective two of multi-angle drilling positioning fixture described in the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 8 is the structure sectional view of multi-angle drilling positioning fixture described in the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Fig. 9 is the structure sectional view of multi-angle drilling positioning fixture described in the embodiment of the present invention 3.
Figure 10 is the electric control theory block diagram of multi-angle drilling positioning fixture described in the embodiment of the present invention 3.
Below by way of the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described:
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
As shown in Fig. 1 to 7, multi-angle drilling positioning fixture of the present invention, is applied to and clamps cylindric product 10 and to carry out circumference multi-angle rotary location, realize the accurate location drilling of circumference multi-angle of cylindric product 10.
Multi-angle drilling positioning fixture of the present invention comprises: base plate 1, bracing frame 2, rotating shaft 3, locating turntable 4, bolt device 5 and clamping product device 6.Concrete structure is as follows:
Support frame as described above 2 is vertically arranged on base plate 1, and bracing frame 2 has front end panel 21 and rear bearing sheet 22, and front and back gripper shoe is fixed by four bolts 23.
Described rotating shaft 3 is arranged on bracing frame 2 by bearing 24, is specially: described bearing 24 is arranged between front end panel 21 and rear bearing sheet 22, and rotating shaft 3 is then arranged on bearing 24.
Described locating turntable 4 by keyway arrangements (not drawing in figure) be arranged on rotating shaft 3 front end and with rotating shaft 3 synchronous axial system, namely described locating turntable 4 is arranged in the rotating shaft 3 before bracing frame 2, this locating turntable 4 is circumferentially provided with the location teeth groove 41 corresponding with hole to be processed 101 circle distribution of cylindric product 10, concrete further, locating turntable 4 is circumferentially also provided with an initial alignment teeth groove 42.Described rotating shaft 3 is provided with one for the locking nut 7 of locking positioning rotating disk 4 before locating turntable 4, the present invention can change locating turntable 4 corresponding with it (due to different products according to the boring requirement of different cylindric products 10, its drilling hole amount is different with distribution of boreholes, so need different locating turntables).Further, above-mentioned location teeth groove 41 is corresponding with hole 101 to be processed circle distribution, include the two-layer meaning, one is that location teeth groove 41 is completely the same with hole 101 to be processed circle distribution angle, and its phase difference is 0 °, namely locate teeth groove 41 to fit like a glove with hole 101 to be processed circle distribution angle and initial position fits like a glove, this kind of situation is that the position of bolt device 5 is consistent in circumference orientation with the position of drilling operation, two is that location teeth groove 41 is completely the same with hole 101 to be processed circle distribution angle, but phase difference is X °, namely its initial position is separated by angle (as 90 °) certain, as the present embodiment, the position of drilling operation is above cylindric product 10 vertical direction, the angle of itself and vertical direction is 0 °, and the position of bolt device 5 is positioned at horizontal direction, the angle of itself and vertical direction is 90 °, therefore the location teeth groove 41 of locating turntable 4 fits like a glove with hole 101 to be processed circle distribution angle, but phase difference is 90 °, described location teeth groove 41 treats machining hole 101 circumferencial direction clockwise direction anterior displacement 90 ° mutually.
Described bolt device 5 is arranged on front side of bracing frame 2, is specially and is arranged on front end panel 21, and it is provided with and locates teeth groove 41 and to match the movable gear shaping 521 of locating; Particularly, described bolt device 5 comprises: guiding mount pad 51, movable latch 52 and latch cylinder 53.Described guiding mount pad 51 is arranged on (i.e. front end panel 21) on front side of bracing frame 2, and this guiding mount pad is provided with gathering sill 511, and described gathering sill 511 transverse horizontal is arranged; Described movable latch 52 is arranged on gathering sill 511 li, and its front end is the movable gear shaping 521 of locating that matches with location teeth groove; Described latch cylinder 53 is arranged on (i.e. front end panel 21) on front side of bracing frame 2, and is connected with movable latch 521.During use, first make latch cylinder 53 receding, rotational positioning rotating disk 4 to desired location, make to locate teeth groove 41 alignment guide groove 511 accordingly, opening latch cylinder 53 makes it drive movable latch 52 to stretch out gathering sill 511, thus makes movable gear shaping 521 insert corresponding location teeth groove 41, completes location.
Described clamping product device 6 be fixedly mounted on rotating shaft 3 rear end and with rotating shaft 3 synchronous axial system, be specially clamping product device 6 and fixedly mount rotating shaft 3 end on rear side of bracing frame 2.Concrete further, described clamping product device 6 comprises: fixed disc 61, clamping cylinder 62, internal expanding mechanism 63, clamping lock tube 64, pressing plate 65 and adjusting nut 66.
Described fixed disc 61 is fixedly mounted on the rear end of rotating shaft 3, and coaxially arrange with rotating shaft 3, the diameter of described fixed disc 61 is greater than the diameter of cylindric product 10, described fixed disc 61 is provided with the Location resilient piece 611 for identifying start position and the cylindric product 10 of pre-clamping, and on the limit of fixed disc 61, the position of corresponding Location resilient piece 611 is provided with positioning ejection film trap 612.Described fixed disc 61 is for keeping out the front end of nip cylinders shape product 10.
Described clamping cylinder 62 is fixedly mounted on the middle part of fixed disc 61.
Described internal expanding mechanism 63 is arranged between fixed disc 61 and clamping cylinder 62 outside, and be connected with the cylinder rod 621 of clamping cylinder 62, internal expanding mechanism 63, for carrying out centering centering location from cylindric product 10 inside to product, makes cylindric product 10 and rotating shaft 3 coaxial positioning.Be specially: described internal expanding mechanism 63 comprises: internal expanding outer ring cylinder 631, internal expanding inner ring cylinder 632 and internal expanding pressing plate 633.The annular groove that described internal expanding outer ring cylinder 631 is arranged on fixed disc 61 is coaxially arranged with rotating shaft 3, and the external diameter of described internal expanding outer ring cylinder 631 is less than the internal diameter of cylindric product 10, and cylinder 631 inwall end, internal expanding outer ring is provided with inclined-plane, outer ring; Described internal expanding inner ring cylinder 632 is arranged in internal expanding outer ring cylinder 631, and its outer wall is provided with the inner ring inclined-plane suitable with inclined-plane, outer ring; Described internal expanding pressing plate 633 is slidably mounted on cylinder rod 621, and its neighboring is connected with internal expanding inner ring cylinder 632 end wall, and middle part contacts with the baffle ring 641 of clamping lock tube 64 and connects.Further, described internal expanding outer ring cylinder 631 is provided with suitablely with hole to be processed 101 circle distribution of cylindric product 10 dodges hole 6311, prevent drill bit from encountering internal expanding outer ring cylinder 631 when holing to product, when essence uses, internal expanding outer ring cylinder 631 that can be different according to different replacement of products, with make internal expanding outer ring cylinder 631 to dodge hole 6311 corresponding with the machining hole of product.
Described clamping lock tube 64 is arranged on cylinder rod 621 end, and is connected with internal expanding mechanism 63, and further, described clamping lock tube 64 is provided with the baffle ring 641 that is connected with internal expanding mechanism 63 and the sleeve 642 for being fixed on cylinder rod end.
Described pressing plate 65 is provided with installs draw-in groove 651, and described installation draw-in groove 651 is U-shaped opening draw-in groove, and pressing plate 65 is arranged on the end of sleeve 642 by installing draw-in groove 651, described pressing plate 65 diameter is greater than the diameter of cylindric product 10.The effect of institute's pressing plate 65 is that cylindric product 10 rear end face is compressed forward, thus makes the front end face of cylindric product 10 be fixed plectane 61, realizes being fixedly clamped of product.
Described adjusting nut 66 is arranged on the sleeve ends on rear side of pressing plate, and its effect adjusts pressing plate 65 according to the length of cylindric product to install axial distance.
Below by way of embody rule, the invention will be further described:
1) first movable latch 52 and locating turntable 4 are adjusted initial position according to Fig. 1, now Location resilient piece 611 is positioned at top, and movable latch 52 inserts initial alignment teeth groove 42.
2) the muscle portion 102 of cylindric product 10 is upwards placed, and insert positioning ejection film trap 612, muscle portion 102 is aimed at Location resilient piece 611, then pressing plate 65 (adjusting nut with establish good position in advance) is plugged, then clamping cylinder 62 is started, cylinder rod 621 bounces back, make the baffle ring 641 driven forward internal expanding pressing plate 633 of clamping lock tube 64, and internal expanding pressing plate 633 pressed forwards internal expanding inner ring cylinder 632, interacted by inner ring inclined-plane and inclined-plane, outer ring, make internal expanding inner ring cylinder 632 internal expanding support cylinder shape product 10 inwall, make cylindric product 10 coaxial with rotating shaft 3, meanwhile, in the process that cylinder rod 621 bounces back, the sleeve 642 of clamping lock tube 64 drives adjusting nut 66 forward, adjusting nut 66 promotes pressing plate 65 forward, thus make pressing plate 65 cylindric product 10 rear end face of compressing further, thus make the front end face of cylindric product 10 be fixed plectane 61, the locating clip realizing product fastens.
3) start latch cylinder 53 to bounce back, movable latch 52 is bounced back, then clockwise or rotate counterclockwise next location teeth groove 41, then start latch cylinder 53 and stretch out, drive movable latch 53 to stretch out and make movable gear shaping 521 insert location teeth groove 41.The position, hole to be processed 101 of cylindric product 10 upwards, then starts Drilling operation.
4) often process position, a hole, open latch cylinder 53 and bounce back, turn to next location teeth groove 41 and lock, until machine (now, initial position is upwards got back to again in product muscle position).
5) unclamp clamping product device 6, take out product.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 8, the multi-angle drilling positioning fixture described in the present embodiment, it is on the basis of embodiment 1, increases and arrange a buffer spring 67 between pressing plate 65 and adjusting nut 66.
In above-described embodiment 1, because clamping cylinder 62 pulls internal expanding mechanism 63 and pressing plate 65 simultaneously, distance between the application point of internal expanding mechanism 63 and the application point of pressing plate 65 is fixing and rigidity, therefore need the size positions between internal expanding mechanism 63 and pressing plate 65 more accurate, otherwise there will be internal expanding mechanism 63 and oppress product inwall, and pressing plate 65 does not also arrive the rear end of product, pressing plate 65 is caused not oppress clamping product, or pressing plate 65 has been urged to the rear end of product, and internal expanding mechanism 63 is not also urged to product inwall, cause product and rotating shaft 3 can not co-axially align.Therefore, the present embodiment increases and arranges a buffer spring 67 between pressing plate 65 and adjusting nut 66, when there is relatively large error in the size positions between internal expanding mechanism 63 and pressing plate 65, still the positioning and clamping that internal expanding mechanism 63 and pressing plate 65 act on product simultaneously can be realized, namely when occurring that internal expanding mechanism 63 has oppressed product inwall, keep exerting pressure forward at the elastic force effect lower platen 65 of buffer spring 67 and clamp product rear end, or when pressing plate 65 has been urged to the rear end of product, and internal expanding mechanism 63 is not when being also urged to product inwall, due to the cushioning effect of buffer spring 67, clamping cylinder 62 still can pull forward internal expanding mechanism 63 until compressing product inwall.Simultaneous buffering spring 67 can prevent because clamping cylinder 62 pulling force is excessive and cause the oppressed distortion of product.
Other structures of the present embodiment please refer to embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Figures 9 and 10, multi-angle drilling positioning fixture of the present invention comprises: base plate 1, bracing frame 2, rotating shaft 3, locating turntable 4, bolt device 5 and clamping product device 6.Support frame as described above 2 is vertically arranged on base plate 1, and bracing frame 2 has front end panel 21 and rear bearing sheet 22, and front and back gripper shoe is fixed by four bolts 23.
In order to improve the automaticity of fixture of the present invention and realize the intelligent coordinated work with outside drilling machine hand (not drawing in figure) further, the present embodiment adds rotating shaft servo drive 8 and control device 9 on the basis of embodiment 1, and concrete structure is as follows:
Described rotating shaft servo drive 8 is located between bracing frame 2, is specially, and described rotating shaft servo drive 8 is located between front end panel 21 and rear bearing sheet 22, and this rotating shaft servo drive comprises: servomotor 81, driven wheel 82 and driven gear 83.Described servomotor 81 is arranged on base plate 1 by support 84; Described driven wheel 82 is connected with servomotor 81; Described driven gear 83 is fixedly mounted in rotating shaft 3, and engages with driven wheel 82.
Described control device 9 comprises: pressure sensor 91, angular transducer 92, external equipment compatibility interface 93 and Programmable Logic Controller 94.Described pressure sensor 91 is arranged on clamping product device 6, for the compaction pressure of testing product clamping device 6, for judging whether clamping product; Described angular transducer 92 is arranged in rotating shaft 3, for detecting the rotational angle position of feedback rotating shaft 3; Described external equipment compatibility interface 93, for connecting with external equipment, realizes the networking collaborative work with external equipment drilling machine hand; Described Programmable Logic Controller 94 is electrically connected with pressure sensor 91, angular transducer 92, external equipment compatibility interface 93, bolt device 5, clamping product device 6 and rotating shaft servo drive 8.The monitoring information that Programmable Logic Controller feeds back according to pressure sensor 91 and angular transducer 92, send executive signal to carry out cooperation perform an action to bolt device 5, clamping product device 6, rotating shaft servo drive 8, send executive signal to the collaborative work of external equipment drilling machine hand by external equipment compatibility interface simultaneously.
Below by way of embody rule, the present embodiment is further described:
First locating turntable 4 is placed on initial position, and insert location by movable latch 52, product is placed on clamping product device 6, then Programmable Logic Controller 94 sends instruction and controls clamping product device 6 and carry out pinching action, after pressure sensor 91 detects that product is clamped, Programmable Logic Controller 94 controls clamping product device 6 and stops pinching action, angular transducer 92 resets and is set to initial position and feeds back to Programmable Logic Controller 94, Programmable Logic Controller 94 is located according to predetermined angle Data Control locating turntable 4, its process is, Programmable Logic Controller 94 controls bolt device 5 and bounces back, then sending instruction to rotating shaft servo drive 8 makes rotating shaft 3 rotate according to the angle-data preset, angular transducer 92 detects in real time, when angular transducer 92 detects rotating shaft 3 rotation arrival predetermined angle, Programmable Logic Controller 94 controls rotating shaft servo drive 8 and quits work, and send and stretch out instruction to bolt device 5 and stretch out the location teeth groove 41 that movable latch 52 inserts locating turntable 4, locking position is carried out to locating turntable 4, then Programmable Logic Controller 94 sends executive signal by external equipment compatibility interface 93 and carries out boring work to external equipment drilling machine hand.After having holed, external equipment drilling machine hand sends a signal to Programmable Logic Controller 94 by external equipment compatibility interface 93, and Programmable Logic Controller 94 controls each sensor and actuating unit enters subsequent work circulation, until all Drilling operations of product complete.

Claims (9)

1. a multi-angle drilling positioning fixture, is characterized in that comprising:
Base plate;
Bracing frame, it is vertically arranged on base plate;
Rotating shaft, it is arranged on bracing frame by bearing;
Locating turntable, its by keyway arrangements be arranged on rotating shaft front end and with rotating shaft synchronous axial system, this locating turntable is circumferentially provided with the location teeth groove corresponding with the hole to be processed circle distribution of cylindric product;
Bolt device, it is arranged on front side of bracing frame, and is provided with and locates teeth groove and to match the movable gear shaping of locating;
Clamping product device, its be fixedly mounted on rotating shaft rear end and with rotating shaft synchronous axial system,
Described clamping product device comprises: fixed disc, and it is fixedly mounted on the rear end of rotating shaft, and coaxially arranges with rotating shaft, and the diameter of described fixed disc is greater than the diameter of cylindric product; Clamping cylinder, it is fixedly mounted on the middle part of fixed disc; Internal expanding mechanism, it is arranged between fixed disc and clamping cylinder outside, and is connected with the cylinder rod of clamping cylinder; Clamping lock tube, it is arranged on cylinder rod end, and is connected with internal expanding mechanism, and described clamping lock tube is provided with the baffle ring that is connected with internal expanding mechanism and the sleeve for being fixed on cylinder rod end; Pressing plate, it is provided with installation draw-in groove, and is arranged on the end of sleeve by installing draw-in groove, and described pressing plate diameter is greater than the diameter of cylindric product; Adjusting nut, it is arranged on the sleeve ends on rear side of pressing plate.
2. multi-angle drilling positioning fixture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described bolt device comprises:
Guiding mount pad, it is arranged on front side of bracing frame, and this guiding mount pad is provided with gathering sill;
Movable latch, it is arranged in gathering sill, and its front end is the movable gear shaping of locating that matches with location teeth groove;
Latch cylinder, it is arranged on front side of bracing frame, and is connected with movable latch.
3. multi-angle drilling positioning fixture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described internal expanding mechanism comprises:
Internal expanding outer ring cylinder, its annular groove being arranged on fixed disc is coaxially arranged with rotating shaft, and the external diameter of described internal expanding outer ring cylinder is less than the internal diameter of cylindric product, and cylinder inwall end, internal expanding outer ring is provided with inclined-plane, outer ring;
Internal expanding inner ring cylinder, it is arranged in the cylinder of internal expanding outer ring, and its outer wall is provided with the inner ring inclined-plane suitable with inclined-plane, outer ring;
Internal expanding pressing plate, it is slidably mounted on cylinder rod, and its neighboring is connected with internal expanding inner ring cylinder end wall, and middle part contacts with the baffle ring of clamping lock tube and connects.
4. multi-angle drilling positioning fixture according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described internal expanding outer ring cylinder is provided with suitablely with the hole to be processed circle distribution of cylindric product dodges hole.
5. multi-angle drilling positioning fixture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fixed disc is provided with the Location resilient piece for identifying start position and the cylindric product of pre-clamping.
6. multi-angle drilling positioning fixture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rotating shaft is provided with one for the locking nut of locking positioning rotating disk before locating turntable.
7. multi-angle drilling positioning fixture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with a buffer spring between described pressing plate and adjusting nut.
8. multi-angle drilling positioning fixture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise the rotating shaft servo drive be located between bracing frame, and this rotating shaft servo drive comprises:
Servomotor, its by support installing on base plate;
Driven wheel, it is connected with servomotor;
Driven gear, it is fixedly mounted in rotating shaft, and engages with driven wheel.
9, multi-angle drilling positioning fixture according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: also comprise a control device, this control device comprises:
Pressure sensor, it is arranged on clamping product device;
Angular transducer, it is arranged in rotating shaft;
External equipment compatibility interface;
Programmable Logic Controller, it is electrically connected with pressure sensor, angular transducer, external equipment compatibility interface, bolt device, clamping product device and rotating shaft servo drive;
The monitoring information that Programmable Logic Controller feeds back according to pressure sensor and angular transducer, transmission executive signal carries out cooperation to bolt device, clamping product device and rotating shaft servo drive and performs an action.
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