CN103931915A - Bighead carp feed and its preparation method - Google Patents

Bighead carp feed and its preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103931915A
CN103931915A CN201410096804.6A CN201410096804A CN103931915A CN 103931915 A CN103931915 A CN 103931915A CN 201410096804 A CN201410096804 A CN 201410096804A CN 103931915 A CN103931915 A CN 103931915A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
stir
bighead carp
water
bighead
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Pending
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CN201410096804.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
齐国兵
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QINGYANG COUNTY SHUGUANG ECOLOGICAL FARMING COOPERATIVES
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QINGYANG COUNTY SHUGUANG ECOLOGICAL FARMING COOPERATIVES
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Priority to CN201410096804.6A priority Critical patent/CN103931915A/en
Publication of CN103931915A publication Critical patent/CN103931915A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a bighead carp feed. The bighead carp feed is prepared by using the following raw materials, by weight, 25-35 parts of broad bean, 20-25 parts of rubber seed cake, 20-30 parts of rapeseed meal, 10-15 parts of pumpkin, 10-15 parts of potato, 8-10 parts of carrot, 6-8 parts of sweet potato leaf, 4-5 parts of giant salamander bone, 1-2 parts of cinnamon bark powder, 5-6 parts of pomegranate rind, 2-3 parts of peanut shell, 2-3 parts of Anemone chinensis, 1-2 parts of Cyrtomium fortunei, 1-2 parts of Fragrant Eupatorium Herb, 3-5 parts of a feeding attractant and a proper amount of water. The bighead carp feed contains broad bean, the rubber seed cake and the rapeseed meal as primary raw materials, and also contains pumpkin, potato, carrot and the like, and added Chinese herbal medicines can enhance the immunity of bighead carp and reduce the morbidity of the bighead carp, has comprehensive and balanced nutrition, has the advantages of palatability improvement, easy digestion, fast absorption and promotion of the growth of the bighead carp, and is in favor of protecting the water environment. The preparation method of the feed has the advantages of simplicity, easy operation, and very good social and economic benefits.

Description

A kind of bighead feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of field of feed, particularly a kind of bighead feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Bighead is again variegated carp, outer likeness in form silver carp, flat-sided, head is large and wide, head be about into body long 1/3, mouthful also roomy, slightly upwarp, eye position is low, bighead is to be grown in freshwater lake, river, reservoir, pond, be freshwater aquiculture four large Chinese carps one of.Bighead is warm in nature, taste is sweet; Have that soothing liver-qi stagnation, invigorating the spleen profit lung, qi-restoratives are weak, effect of cold-dispelling, beneficial muscles and bones; Can be used for cough, oedema, hepatitis, dizzy, ephritis and weakly treatment.Bighead belongs to high protein, low fat, low cholesterol fish; cardiovascular system is had to protective effect, be also rich in phosphatide and improve the pituitrin of memory, particularly brains content is very high; normal food can warm up stomach, it is dizzy to dispel, intelligence development business, memory aid, delay senility, the skin of also can moistening.Fish meal of the present invention, formulated with specific technique, nutritious, be rich in protein, fat, vitamin and trace element, the good palatability of feed, can meet the nutritional need of bighead in growth period, improve the meat of bighead, the resistance against diseases of bighead strengthens simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has made up the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of bighead feed and preparation method thereof is provided.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Fish meal of the present invention is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: broad bean 25-35, rubber seedcake 20-25, rape dregs of rice 20-30, pumpkin 10-15, potato 10-15, carrot 8-10, sweet potato leaves 6-8, Giant salamander bone 4-5, cinnamomi cortex pulveratus 1-2, granatum 5-6, peanut shell 2-3, Chinese bulbul 2-3, rhizome of cyrtomium 1-2, fragrant eupatorium herb 1-2, phagostimulant 3-5, water are appropriate;
Described phagostimulant is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: soybean 30-40, sesame 6-9, caraway root 10-13, wheat malt 7-9, orange 5-9, duck's egg 10-14, beeswax 3-4, Herba Menthae powder 1-2, raisins 6-9, sea cucumber 5-8, milk 15-20, bat's faces 3-4, erythrina bark 2-3, fructus viticis 4-5, chickweed 1-2, water are appropriate; Caraway root, wheat malt are ground pulping by preparation method, obtains puree; After orange is minced, put into the beeswax burning together with duck's egg and stir-fry evenly, obtain mixed material; Raisins, sea cucumber are added in milk, to be heated to milk consumption dry, then put into dryer and dry, pulverize, obtain mixed powder; Bat's faces, erythrina bark, fructus viticis, chickweed are added to slow fire boiling 1-2 hour in suitable quantity of water, filter sediment, obtain decoction liquor; Soybean, sesame are pulverized after frying perfume (or spice), then mix with puree, mixed material, mixed powder, decoction liquor and other residual components of above-mentioned gained, stir, dry, granulation, to obtain final product.
The concrete steps of the preparation of described fish meal are as follows:
(1) will after broad bean oven dry, pulverize, then after mixing with Folium sophorae powder, cinnamomi cortex pulveratus, put into frying pan and fry perfume, obtain stir-fry face powder;
(2) carrot, sweet potato leaves are broken into juice, then mix with the stir-fry face powder of step 1, stir, obtain mixed soil, for subsequent use;
(3) pumpkin, potato are put into suitable quantity of water heating and boil, add rubber seedcake, the rape dregs of rice to smash to pieces after mixing, obtain mixed material, for subsequent use;
(4) Giant salamander bone and the Chinese bulbul, rhizome of cyrtomium, fragrant eupatorium herb are pulverized add after slagging and in suitable quantity of water, soaked 3-4 hour, then heating decocts 1-2 minute, obtain decoction material, for subsequent use;
(5) granatum, peanut shell are dried and pulverized, then mix with the mixed soil of step 2, the mixed material of step 3, decoction material and other residue compositions of step 4, stir, then granulation, dry.
Fragrant eupatorium herb is composite family, feverwort, has effect of eliminating stasis to subdue swelling, removing toxic substances, hemostasis.
The Chinese bulbul is Ranunculaceae Pulsatilla plant, and bitter is cold in nature, returns stomach through, large intestine channel, have clearing heat and detoxicating, remove heat from the blood and relieve diarrhea, effect of removing dampness and destroying parasites.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Fish meal of the present invention; interpolation broad bean, rubber seedcake, the rape dregs of rice are primary raw material; also added the bighead feed that pumpkin, potato, carrot etc. are made, the Chinese herbal medicine of interpolation, can strengthen the immunocompetence of bighead; reduce the sick rate of bighead; comprehensive nutrition equilibrium, has improved the palatability of feed, easy to digest, absorb fast; both promote the growth of bighead, be conducive to protect water body environment.In addition, the preparation method of this feed is simple, easy to operate, has good social and economic effects.
Specific embodiments
Below in conjunction with following detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail:
The raw material that takes following weight portion (kg) is made: broad bean 30, rubber seedcake 23, the rape dregs of rice 25, pumpkin 13, potato 13, carrot 9, sweet potato leaves 7, Giant salamander bone 4, cinnamomi cortex pulveratus 1, granatum 5, peanut shell 3, the Chinese bulbul 2, rhizome of cyrtomium 1, fragrant eupatorium herb 2, phagostimulant 4, water are appropriate;
Described phagostimulant is made up of the raw material of following weight portion (kg): soybean 35, sesame 8, caraway root 12, wheat malt 8, orange 7, duck's egg 12, beeswax 4, Herba Menthae powder 1, raisins 6, sea cucumber 7, milk 18, bat's faces 3, erythrina bark 2, fructus viticis 4, chickweed 1, water are appropriate; Caraway root, wheat malt are ground pulping by preparation method, obtains puree; After orange is minced, put into the beeswax burning together with duck's egg and stir-fry evenly, obtain mixed material; Raisins, sea cucumber are added in milk, to be heated to milk consumption dry, then put into dryer and dry, pulverize, obtain mixed powder; Bat's faces, erythrina bark, fructus viticis, chickweed are added in suitable quantity of water to slow fire boiling 1.5 hours, filter sediment, obtain decoction liquor; Soybean, sesame are pulverized after frying perfume (or spice), then mix with puree, mixed material, mixed powder, decoction liquor and other residual components of above-mentioned gained, stir, dry, granulation, to obtain final product.
The preparation method's of fish meal concrete steps are as follows:
(1) will after broad bean oven dry, pulverize, then after mixing with Folium sophorae powder, cinnamomi cortex pulveratus, put into frying pan and fry perfume, obtain stir-fry face powder;
(2) carrot, sweet potato leaves are broken into juice, then mix with the stir-fry face powder of step 1, stir, obtain mixed soil, for subsequent use;
(3) pumpkin, potato are put into suitable quantity of water heating and boil, add rubber seedcake, the rape dregs of rice to smash to pieces after mixing, obtain mixed material, for subsequent use;
(4) Giant salamander bone and the Chinese bulbul, rhizome of cyrtomium, fragrant eupatorium herb are pulverized after slagging and added in suitable quantity of water and soak 4 hours, then heating decocts 1.5 minutes, obtain decoction material, for subsequent use;
(5) granatum, peanut shell are dried and pulverized, then mix with the mixed soil of step 2, the mixed material of step 3, decoction material and other residue compositions of step 4, stir, then granulation, dry.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, raise family 200 bigheads are equally divided into two groups of experimental group and control groups according to the identical principle of age in days, body weight, health status by bighead, separately feed, experimental group is fed bighead feed of the present invention, and control group is fed traditional bighead feed, and experimental period is 3 months, result of the test: compared with control group, the bighead weight average weightening finish 12% of experimental group, the long balanced growth 10% of body, sick rate reduces by 10%.

Claims (2)

1. a bighead feed, it is characterized in that, made by the raw material of following weight portion: broad bean 25-35, rubber seedcake 20-25, rape dregs of rice 20-30, pumpkin 10-15, potato 10-15, carrot 8-10, sweet potato leaves 6-8, Giant salamander bone 4-5, cinnamomi cortex pulveratus 1-2, granatum 5-6, peanut shell 2-3, Chinese bulbul 2-3, rhizome of cyrtomium 1-2, fragrant eupatorium herb 1-2, phagostimulant 3-5, water are appropriate;
Described phagostimulant is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: soybean 30-40, sesame 6-9, caraway root 10-13, wheat malt 7-9, orange 5-9, duck's egg 10-14, beeswax 3-4, Herba Menthae powder 1-2, raisins 6-9, sea cucumber 5-8, milk 15-20, bat's faces 3-4, erythrina bark 2-3, fructus viticis 4-5, chickweed 1-2, water are appropriate; Caraway root, wheat malt are ground pulping by preparation method, obtains puree; After orange is minced, put into the beeswax burning together with duck's egg and stir-fry evenly, obtain mixed material; Raisins, sea cucumber are added in milk, to be heated to milk consumption dry, then put into dryer and dry, pulverize, obtain mixed powder; Bat's faces, erythrina bark, fructus viticis, chickweed are added to slow fire boiling 1-2 hour in suitable quantity of water, filter sediment, obtain decoction liquor; Soybean, sesame are pulverized after frying perfume (or spice), then mix with puree, mixed material, mixed powder, decoction liquor and other residual components of above-mentioned gained, stir, dry, granulation, to obtain final product.
2. according to bighead feed described in claims 1, it is characterized in that, preparation method's concrete steps are as follows:
(1) will after broad bean oven dry, pulverize, then after mixing with Folium sophorae powder, cinnamomi cortex pulveratus, put into frying pan and fry perfume, obtain stir-fry face powder;
(2) carrot, sweet potato leaves are broken into juice, then mix with the stir-fry face powder of step 1, stir, obtain mixed soil, for subsequent use;
(3) pumpkin, potato are put into suitable quantity of water heating and boil, add rubber seedcake, the rape dregs of rice to smash to pieces after mixing, obtain mixed material, for subsequent use;
(4) Giant salamander bone and the Chinese bulbul, rhizome of cyrtomium, fragrant eupatorium herb are pulverized add after slagging and in suitable quantity of water, soaked 3-4 hour, then heating decocts 1-2 minute, obtain decoction material, for subsequent use;
(5) granatum, peanut shell are dried and pulverized, then mix with the mixed soil of step 2, the mixed material of step 3, decoction material and other residue compositions of step 4, stir, then granulation, dry.
CN201410096804.6A 2014-03-17 2014-03-17 Bighead carp feed and its preparation method Pending CN103931915A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104489303A (en) * 2014-11-29 2015-04-08 张旭 Special feed for bighead carps
CN104621380A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-05-20 宿州市万合钓具有限公司 Good-quality and high-yield bighead carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN105309837A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-02-10 罗城仫佬族自治县永富生态种养农民专业合作社 Bighead carp feed
CN109198300A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-01-15 南宁学院 A kind of mudskipper adult feedstuff and preparation method thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103271228A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-09-04 武汉天龙饲料有限公司 Bighead feed and production method thereof
CN103340331A (en) * 2013-07-29 2013-10-09 盐城工学院 Bighead carp compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN103461716A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Bighead carp mixed feed and preparation method thereof
CN103535515A (en) * 2012-07-16 2014-01-29 新沂市佳成生态养殖有限公司 Preparation method of bighead carp feed
CN103598435A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-02-26 高雷 Feed for bighead carp

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103535515A (en) * 2012-07-16 2014-01-29 新沂市佳成生态养殖有限公司 Preparation method of bighead carp feed
CN103271228A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-09-04 武汉天龙饲料有限公司 Bighead feed and production method thereof
CN103340331A (en) * 2013-07-29 2013-10-09 盐城工学院 Bighead carp compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN103461716A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Bighead carp mixed feed and preparation method thereof
CN103598435A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-02-26 高雷 Feed for bighead carp

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104489303A (en) * 2014-11-29 2015-04-08 张旭 Special feed for bighead carps
CN104621380A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-05-20 宿州市万合钓具有限公司 Good-quality and high-yield bighead carp feed and preparation method thereof
CN105309837A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-02-10 罗城仫佬族自治县永富生态种养农民专业合作社 Bighead carp feed
CN109198300A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-01-15 南宁学院 A kind of mudskipper adult feedstuff and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20140723