CN103931541B - Functional pond for culturing mass freshwater fishes - Google Patents

Functional pond for culturing mass freshwater fishes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103931541B
CN103931541B CN201310312473.0A CN201310312473A CN103931541B CN 103931541 B CN103931541 B CN 103931541B CN 201310312473 A CN201310312473 A CN 201310312473A CN 103931541 B CN103931541 B CN 103931541B
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pond
culturing
pool
fish
rectangle
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CN103931541A (en
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刘兴国
顾兆俊
徐皓
朱浩
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Fishery Machinery and Instrument Research Institute of CAFS
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Fishery Machinery and Instrument Research Institute of CAFS
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Abstract

A functional pond for culturing mass freshwater fishes is characterized in that a rectangle culture pond body (1) is divided into a first part (101) and a second part (102) by a water diversion wall (2), the water diversion wall (2) is of a T shape, a T-shaped transverse separating wall body (201) of the water diversion wall (2) separates the first part (101) from the second part (102, an interval is formed between the tail end of a T-shaped longitudinal wall body (202) and the pond wall of the rectangle culture pond body (1), and the second part (2) comprises a front pond portion (102a ) and a rear pond portion (102b) which are communicated with each other. According to the functional pond for culturing the mass freshwater fishes, traditional stereoscopic culture is divided according to ecological niches, so that the fishes in different ecological niches can take full advantages of different ecological niche resources, fish growth is facilitated, and the ecological efficiency and culturing benefits of pond culturing are improved; a fish feeding culture area is divided into a growth area, a feeding area, a fecal treatment recycling area and the like, the formation of flow, collection of dirt, the recycling of pollutants, regulation and control over a water body and the like are facilitated, and meanwhile, installation condition is provided for the achievement of automatic mechanized fishing and industrialized management.

Description

A kind of large freshwater fish culturing function pond
Technical field
The invention belongs to aquaculture installation field, particularly relate to large freshwater fish pond culture, specifically just relate to a kind of function pond can improving large fresh-water fishes mixed breed efficiency.
Background technology
Along with socioeconomic development, the demand of people to aquatic products increases day by day.Large fresh-water fishes pond culture progressively becomes the main source mode of aquatic products supply.In order to meet the demand that people increase day by day to aquatic products, since the eighties in last century, carry out pond cultivation technology research both at home and abroad one after another, along with the raising of cultural technique level, the research of pond infrastructure is also increased day by day, as pond is entered pumping equipment, food platform, bank protection etc. propose constructing technology method, but existing research lack pond structure to cultivation efficiency research.
Tradition inland aquaculture pond is generally rectangle structure, also exist structure simple, cultivate extensive, culture-pool water quality regulation and control difficulty, the shortcomings such as breeding environment is wayward.Since last century the nineties, there is biologic float bed, artificial swamp, ecological pond etc. through engineering approaches facility technology both at home and abroad, improved some defect of existing traditional pond.But still there is following defect in existing pond:
(1) traditional pond structure is simple, and breeding production efficiency is not high;
(2) in traditional pond cultivation, generally mode is raised together with in employing, although can make full use of different ecological position in water body, also there is the emergent impact of fish growth and fishes for the problem of inconvenience;
(3) traditional pond due to area comparatively large, in pond, current difference is large, and the dead angle also existed is many, the problem that water body environment regulation and control are difficult;
(4) unhindered settling such as traditional pond cultivation Mesichthyes excreta and the residual bait of ight soil etc. is at the bottom of pond, causes breeding environment to worsen, deposit with serious pollution problem;
(5) mode that employing manually draws in the net to fish for is fished in traditional pond cultivation, and appropriation of labour power is many, and labour intensity is large, and fishing efficiency is not high.
Summary of the invention
For the above-mentioned technical problem that existing pond exists in breeding process, the invention provides a kind of large freshwater fish culturing function pond according to 80:20 pond cultivation technology, can the solid of large freshwater fish be raised together with by ecological niche separated, pond is divided into filter-feeding fish culture zone and food property fish culture zone, vitellarium is divided into again at food property fish culture zone, raise district, night soil-treatment recycling district etc., make full use of ecological niche, not only reach and raise together with effect but also be conducive to fish growth, improve ecological efficiency and culture benefit, also be conducive to fishing for simultaneously and manage with industrialization.
Technical scheme
In order to realize above-mentioned technical purpose, the present invention designs a kind of large freshwater fish culturing function pond, it comprises rectangle culturing pool body, it is characterized in that: described rectangle culturing pool body is separated into Part I and Part II by baffle wall, the ratio of Part I and Part II is 20:80, described baffle wall is T-shaped, baffle wall T-shaped tabula wall barrier Part I and Part II, have interval between T-shaped longitudinal wall end and rectangle culturing pool body pool wall, Part II comprises the Bu Hehou pool portion, the front pool interconnected;
The T-shaped tabula body of wall of described baffle wall is provided with 1 inlet gate and 2 backwater gates, all respectively be equipped with and block lock net, described inlet gate is positioned at Qian Tangbu, described backwater gate is positioned at Hou Tangbu, described Part I is built with three-section type fish gathering net cage, be placed with water-mill oxygen increasing machine in described Part II, be placed with feeder near backwater gate place in Part II, in described Part II, be also provided with bed mud floating machine.
The T-shaped longitudinal wall end of described baffle wall and rectangle culturing pool body pool wall be spaced apart 3 ~ 5m.
Described inlet gate and backwater gate are moveable shutter.
2 three-section type fish gathering net cages are installed in described Part I.
A water-mill oxygen increasing machine is respectively equipped with in Bu Hehou pool portion, the described front pool.
Described rear pool portion is equipped with and catches up with fish electricity grid, catches up with fish electricity grid to be arranged on T-shaped longitudinal wall with on the guide rail of rectangle culturing pool body Chi Geng.
Beneficial effect
First pond is divided into filter-feeding fish culture zone and food property fish culture zone by the present invention, be divided into again vitellarium in food property fish breeding district, raise district, night soil-treatment recycles district etc., ecological niche is pressed in conventional stereo cultivation separated, the fish of different ecological position are made to make full use of different ecological position resource, not only reach and raise together with effect but also be conducive to fish growth, improve ecological efficiency and culture benefit; Secondly, be conducive to forming current, collection dirt, pollutant recycling, water body regulation and control etc.; 3rd, realize automation fishing and industrialization management.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is perspective view of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 2 of the present inventionly overlooks direction structure schematic diagram.
Mounting structure schematic diagram when accompanying drawing 3 is moveable shutter of the present invention closedowns.
Accompanying drawing 4 is moveable shutter of the present invention mounting structure schematic diagrames when upwardly opening.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment
As shown in accompanying drawing 1 ~ 4, a kind of large freshwater fish culturing function pond, it comprises rectangle culturing pool body 1, it is characterized in that: described rectangle culturing pool body 1 is separated into Part I 101 and Part II 102 by baffle wall 2, the ratio of Part I 101 and Part II 102 is 20:80, described baffle wall 2 is T-shaped, baffle wall 2T font tabula body of wall 201 cuts off Part I and 101 Part II 102, interval is had between T-shaped longitudinal wall 202 end and rectangle culturing pool body 1 pool wall, Part II 102 comprises the front pool portion 102a and rear pool portion 102b that interconnect,
Described baffle wall 2T font tabula body of wall 201 is provided with 1 inlet gate 201a and 2 backwater gate 201b, all respectively be equipped with and block lock net 201c, described inlet gate is positioned at front pool portion 102a, described backwater gate 201b is positioned at rear pool portion 102b, described Part I 101 is built with three-section type fish gathering net cage 3, be placed with water-mill oxygen increasing machine 4 in described Part II 102, be placed with feeder 5 near backwater gate 201b place in Part II 102, in described Part II 102, be also provided with bed mud floating machine 6.
Described baffle wall T-shaped longitudinal wall 202 end and rectangle culturing pool body 1 pool wall be spaced apart 3 ~ 5m.
Described inlet gate 201a and backwater gate 201b is moveable shutter.
2 three-section type fish gathering net cages 3 are installed in described Part I 101.
Described front pool portion 102a and rear pool portion 102b is respectively equipped with a water-mill oxygen increasing machine 4.
Described rear pool portion 102b is equipped with and catches up with fish electricity grid 7, catches up with fish electricity grid 7 to be arranged on the guide rail 8 of T-shaped longitudinal wall 202 and rectangle culturing pool body 1 Chi Geng.
Part II 102 eats feeding fish for cultivation, and Part I 101 cultivates filter-feeding fish.Baffle wall 2T font tabula body of wall 201 is respectively equipped with inlet gate 201a and backwater gate 201b, gate is provided with moveable shutter and lock net, the T-shaped longitudinal wall 202 of baffle wall afterbody and rectangle pond body 1 pool wall have interval 3 ~ 5m, the Part II in pond is divided equally and forms U-shaped structure, and form racetrack structure with the gate of first.Part I installs 2 three-section type fish gathering net cages 3, separates filter-feeding fish and concentrates and eat feeding fish during for fishing.
Part II 102 places water-mill oxygen increasing machine 4 for water oxygenation and manufacture current, feeder 5 is placed near backwater gate 201b, place bed mud floating machine 6 simultaneously, the moveable shutter of inlet gate 201a and backwater gate 201b controls current from spilling water flashboard or from water outlet flashboard by jack latch, thus change current state, the floatings such as the residual bait of ight soil utilizing bed mud floating machine 6 to be produced by fish after feeding intake, along with current enter Part I 101 from the overflow of flashboard top, in Part I, natural sedimentation is decomposed.
First pond is divided into filter-feeding fish culture zone and food property fish culture zone by the present invention, be divided into again vitellarium in food property fish breeding district, raise district, night soil-treatment recycles district etc., ecological niche is pressed in conventional stereo cultivation separated, the fish of different ecological position are made to make full use of different ecological position resource, not only reach and raise together with effect but also be conducive to fish growth, improve ecological efficiency and culture benefit; Secondly, be conducive to forming current, collection dirt, pollutant recycling, water body regulation and control etc.; 3rd, realize automation fishing and industrialization management.

Claims (7)

1. a large freshwater fish culturing function pond, it comprises rectangle culturing pool body (1), it is characterized in that: described rectangle culturing pool body (1) is separated into Part I (101) and Part II (102) by baffle wall (2), the ratio of Part I (101) and Part II (102) is 20:80, described baffle wall (2) is for T-shaped, the T-shaped tabula body of wall (201) of baffle wall (2) cuts off Part I (101) and Part II (102), interval is had between T-shaped longitudinal wall (202) end and rectangle culturing pool body (1) pool wall, Part II (102) comprises the front pool portion (102a) and rear pool portion (102b) that interconnect,
The T-shaped tabula body of wall (201) of described baffle wall (2) is provided with 1 inlet gate (201a) and 2 backwater gates (201b), all respectively be equipped with and block lock net (201c), described inlet gate is positioned at Qian Tangbu (102a), described backwater gate (201b) is positioned at Hou Tangbu (102b), described Part I (101) is built with three-section type fish gathering net cage (3), water-mill oxygen increasing machine (4) is placed with in described Part II (102), feeder (5) is placed with near backwater gate (201b) place in Part II (102), bed mud floating machine (6) is also provided with in described Part II (102).
2. a kind of large freshwater fish culturing function pond as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the area ratio between described Part I (101) and Part II (102) is 20:80.
3. a kind of large freshwater fish culturing function pond as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the T-shaped longitudinal wall of described baffle wall (202) end and rectangle culturing pool body (1) pool wall be spaced apart 3 ~ 5m.
4. a kind of large freshwater fish culturing function pond as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described inlet gate (201a) and backwater gate (201b) are moveable shutter.
5. a kind of large freshwater fish culturing function pond as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with 2 three-section type fish gathering net cages (3) in described Part I (101).
6. a kind of large freshwater fish culturing function pond as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: a water-mill oxygen increasing machine (4) is respectively equipped with in described front pool portion (102a) and rear pool portion (102b).
7. a kind of large freshwater fish culturing function pond as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rear pool portion (102b) is equipped with and is caught up with fish electricity grid (7), catch up with fish electricity grid (7) to be arranged on T-shaped longitudinal wall (202) and on the guide rail (8) of rectangle culturing pool body (1) Chi Geng.
CN201310312473.0A 2013-07-23 2013-07-23 Functional pond for culturing mass freshwater fishes Active CN103931541B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105340789A (en) * 2014-08-18 2016-02-24 颜志服 Artificial breeding method for rare fingerling arowana
CN104170785B (en) * 2014-08-22 2016-05-25 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 A kind of water-flow control method of efficiency culturing pool
CN104170786B (en) * 2014-08-22 2017-01-25 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Culture pond system capable of improving energy efficiency
CN106857333B (en) * 2017-03-09 2019-08-09 重庆三峡学院 Ecoscape pond
CN107295997A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-10-27 舒城县万佛湖渔业总公司 A kind of method of construction of biological feed high density mixed breed culturing pool
CN107963725A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-04-27 苏州市申航生态科技发展股份有限公司 A kind of solid cleaning system
CN108371136A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-08-07 安远县大竹湖生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecological aquaculture cultivating system

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