CN103929989B - Segmentation smoking product with matrix chamber - Google PatentsSegmentation smoking product with matrix chamber Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN103929989B CN103929989B CN201280055319.3A CN201280055319A CN103929989B CN 103929989 B CN103929989 B CN 103929989B CN 201280055319 A CN201280055319 A CN 201280055319A CN 103929989 B CN103929989 B CN 103929989B
- Prior art keywords
- Prior art date
- A—HUMAN NECESSITIES
- A24—TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
- A24F—SMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES
- A24F47/00—Smokers' requisites not provided for elsewhere, e.g. devices to assist in stopping or limiting smoking
- A24F47/002—Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes
- A24F47/004—Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes with heating means, e.g. carbon fuel
- A24F47/006—Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes with heating means, e.g. carbon fuel with chemical heating means
The cross reference of related application
This PCT application requires the priority for the U.S. Patent Application No. 13/236,962 that September in 2011 is submitted on the 20th, should Application is the part continuation application of following U.S. Patent application, and require to submit on May 6th, 2010 the 12/775th, 130 Number, on May 6th, 2010 U.S. of No. 12/859,494 for submitting No. 12/775,378 and August in 2010 to submit for 19th it is special The priority of profit application, each application is contained entirely in herein by reference.
The present invention relates to the product for being made up or obtaining of tobacco or comprising tobacco and for the product of personal consumption. Present invention relates particularly to the component of sectional type smoking product and configuration.
Popular smoking product, such as cigarette, with generally a cylindrical rod-like structure, and including being surrounded by paper packing material For example broken tobacco (for example, with chopping filler) of smokeable material bag, volume or post so that formed so-called " smokable rod ", " tobacco rod " or " cigarette rods ".Generally, cigarette has the cylinder shape filtering element being aligned with tobacco rod into end-to-end relation.It is preferred that Ground, filter element includes being referred to as the plasticizing cellulose acetate tow that the paper material of " forming paper (plug wrap) " is surrounded.It is preferred that Ground, filter element is connected to one end of tobacco rod using the circumscribing wrapping material for being referred to as " tipping paper (tipping paper) ".For The main flume that is aspirated with diluted with ambient air, tipping material and forming paper punching are also turned into be needed.By quoting bag Tobacco Production, Chemistry and Technology (1999) containing editors such as Davis in this application Cigarette and its various components are described in the U.S. Patent No. 7,503,330 of one book and Borschke etc..Smoker passes through Light cigarette one end and burning tobacco rod and use cigarette.Then, smoker by the opposite end of cigarette (for example, filtering Mouth end) aspirate and receive main flume into his/her oral cavity.
The cigarette of several use carbonaceous fuel elements is by R.J. Rainolds Tobacco CO. (R.J.Reynolds Tobacco Company commercial distribution) is carried out with " Premier " and " Eclipse " brand.See, for example, Chemical and Biological Studies on New Cigarette Prototypes that Heat Instead of Burn Tobacco, the monograph (1988) of R.J. Rainolds Tobacco CO. and Inhalation Toxicology the 5th phase 1- of volume 12 The cigarette of those types described in page 58 (2000).Recently, Japan Tobacco Inc (JTI) (Japan Tobacco Inc.) is in day A kind of brand of this sale is " Steam Hot One " cigarette.Also suggestion claim, can sectional type cigarette carbonaceous fuel element Middle addition superfine metal and metal oxide particle.Banerjee herein etc. is contained entirely in see, for example, by quoting U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2005/0274390.
The 7th, 290, No. 549 of Banerjee etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,285,798 and Banerjee etc., and Robinson etc. U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2008/0092912 describes other a few class smoking products, for example, passing through Tobacco or finished tobacco is set to be produced that a few class smoking product of local flavor steam by the heat that chemical heat source or electric heat source are produced, Above-mentioned document is contained entirely in the application by quoting.A kind of utilization electric energy produce the smoking product of heat by Philips not In this company (Philip Morris Inc.) with brand name " Accord " carry out commercial distribution.
The suction of tobacco flavor steam or visible tobacco flavor aerosol is produced using thermal source rather than tobacco cut filler Tobacco product there is no widespread commercial success.But, it is highly desirable to many of traditional smoking can be provided for smoker by providing Benefit and advantage, will not bring the smoking product of more imperfect combustion product and thermal decomposition product again.
The content of the invention
Embodiments of the present invention are related to smoking product, and specifically related to rod smoking product, such as cigarette.The smoking system Product include lighting end (that is, upstream end) and buccal (that is, downstream).The smoking product also includes aerosol and occurs system, The system includes：(i) heat section；(ii) is located at aerosol generating region or the segment occurred in heat section downstream.The aerosol Segment occurred may include matrix, and the matrix includes being arranged in the pellet (marumarized) of matrix intracavitary or the ball of non-pellet tobacco Or pearl.The chaff that the matrix chamber can be laminated to packaging material is surrounded.
Further aspect of the present invention and advantage are being described more particularly below.
Brief description of the drawings
Embodiment is better understood with reference to accompanying drawing once, accompanying drawing is merely illustrative rather than limited.
Fig. 1-2 provides the longitudinal section of representative smoking product；
Fig. 3 shows representational fuel element；
Fig. 4-6 each shows to include the longitudinal section of the representative smoking product of integrated substrate；
Fig. 7 shows to include the longitudinal section of the representative smoking product of tobacco bulb matrix；
Fig. 8 shows to can be used for duplex (two-up) rod of manufacture Fig. 7 smoking product；
Fig. 9 shows to can be used for the packaging material of manufacture Fig. 8 duplex rod.
Figure 10 shows one embodiment of the construction of smoking product；
Figure 11 shows to include the representative smoking product of tobacco bulb matrix；With
Figure 12 shows another embodiment of smoking product construction.
Illustrate that the present invention relates to various smoking products, the setting of its various component and these suctions below with reference to Fig. 1 and 2 The each aspect of the present invention and each embodiment of mode of the tobacco product comprising external packing component.Same part is in all of the figs It is given identical reference.For each accompanying drawing, each packaging material and external packing component and smoking system of each smoking product The thickness of product part is exaggerated.Most preferably, packaging material and external packing component tightly wind smoking product and smoking product Part provides pleasing outward appearance to provide tight fit.Exemplary smoking product construction may include such as fiber filter Element, be formed as insulation or fuel element foamed ceramics monomer feature and this is included in by overall quote Other features disclosed in Sebastian in text etc. U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2011/0041861.
Reference picture 1, shows the representative smoking product 10 of cigarette form.Smoking product 10 have bar-like shape, and including Light end 14 and buccal 18.
End section 22 is lighted lighting end 14 and being placed with Longitudinal extending, the smokable of substantial cylindrical, this is smokable to light end Section 22 includes smokeable material 26.Representative smokeable material 26 can be vegetable matter (e.g., the tobacco of chopping form of bio-carrier Material).The smokable end section 22 of lighting of exemplary cylinder includes winding or being arranged in wrapping paper material 30 by wrapping paper material 30 The bag or volume for the smokeable material 26 (e.g., tobacco cut filler) that interior and packaged paper material 30 is surrounded.So, the cylinder The smokable Longitudinal extending outer surface for lighting end section 22 is provided by packaging material 30.Preferably, the two ends of section 22 open to reveal Go out smokeable material 26.Smokable end section 22 of lighting can be configured to smokeable material 26 and packaging material 30 respectively prolongs along its total length Stretch.
Light end section 22 downstream is Longitudinal extending, the heat of substantial cylindrical section 35 positioned at smokable.Heat section 35 is wrapped Include the thermal source 40 surrounded by heat-insulating material 42, heat-insulating material 42 can be packaged material 45 coaxially around.Thermal source 40 is preferably configured to By burning, smokeable material 26 is activated.Igniting and burning for sucked material is preferably that experience needed for user provides (is at least closed In taste and light the time that smoking product 10 is spent).The heat produced during consumption smokeable material is most preferably enough to ignite Or activation thermal source 40.
Thermal source 40 may include combustible fuel elements, and the combustible fuel elements have generally cylindrical shape and can included flammable Carbonaceous material.Carbonaceous material generally has high carbon content.It is preferred that carbonaceous material be mainly made up of carbon, in terms of dry weight, its is carbon containing Amount is typically greater than about 60%, generally higher than about 70%, generally greater than about 80% and frequently more than about 90%.Fuel element can Include component (e.g., the tobacco ingredient of such as tobacco powder or tobacco extract in addition to combustible carbonaceous material；Flavor enhancement；It is all Such as the salt of sodium chloride, potassium chloride and sodium carbonate；Thermally-stabilised graphite fibre；Croci；Filaments of glass；Paris white；Oxidation Alumina particles；The ammonia source of such as ammonia salt；And/or such as adhesive of guar gum, ammonium alginate and mosanom).Representative fuel element Total external diameter of length and about 4.2mm with about 12mm.Grind or powder formed carbon material can be used in representative fuel element Material extruding is composited, and in terms of dry weight, its density is approximately more than 0.5g/cm3, typically greater than about 0.7g/cm3And be usually approximately more than 1g/cm3.The U.S. Patent No. 7,836 of U.S. Patent No. 5,551,451 and Borschke see, for example, Riggs etc. etc., The type of the fuel element component, formula and the design that are illustrated in No. 897, above-mentioned patent is incorporated herein by reference herein.Below Reference picture 3 describes the particular implementation of fuel element.
Another embodiment of fuel element 40 may include the foam carbon monomer formed in foam process.In another embodiment party In formula, fuel element 40 can be jointly extruded from insulation material layer 42, thus shortened manufacturing time and reduced expense.Fuel member The other embodiment of part may include the United States Patent (USP) of Brooks etc. U.S. Patent No. 4,922,901 or Takeuchi etc. Application discloses those types described in No. 2009/0044818, and this two documents are incorporated herein by reference herein.
Representative insulation material layer 42 may include filaments of glass or fiber.Heat-insulating material 42 can be used as in smoking product 10 Thermal source 40 is helped to firmly hold the sheath of position.Heat-insulating material 42 may be configured as multi-layer part, including non-thermoplastic filaments of glass Internal layer or pad 47, the intermediate layer of reconstituted tobacco paper 48 and non-thermoplastic filaments of glass 49 outer layer.These layers can concentric orientation Or each wrap up in and/or around thermal source outside.
In one embodiment, adiabatic internal layer 47 may include to weave, weave or weave and weave (such as, for example so-called 3D woven/knitteds mixed mat) various glass or non-glass filament or fiber.During weaving, internal layer 47 is formed as textile mat Or pipe.Weaving or wrought mat or pipe can be provided to air stream on excellent control (including this layer of possibility uniformly across heat insulation layer Any hot associated change occurred).It will be understood by those within the art that with more likely have provide compared it is uneven and/or The irregular closing of the air-flow of reduction is compared with the non-woven material of open space, is weaved, is woven or mixing material can be in filament Or more regular or consistent air space/space is provided between fiber.Moldable, extruding, foaming otherwise form each Plant the embodiment of other heat-insulating materials.Stone herein is incorporated herein by reference and is equal to U.S. that August in 2010 is submitted on the 19th The species that the particular implementation of No. 12/859,494 description heat insulating construction of state's patent application may include.
Preferably, the open at both ends of heat section 35 by thermal source 40 and heat-insulating material 42 to be exposed to adjacent segment.Thermal source 40 With around heat-insulating material 42 can be configured to two kinds of materials length be it is coextensive (that is, the end of heat-insulating material 42 with heat The respective end in source 40 is concordant, and especially in the downstream of heat section).Alternatively, it is nonessential preferably, heat-insulating material 42 The one or both ends of thermal source 40 can somewhat be extended beyond (e.g., beyond about 0.5mm to about 2mm).In addition, being used in smoking product 10 Period, smokable light held the cigarette produced during the burning of section 22 can be when smoker aspirates in buccal 18 quickly by heat section 35。
Heat section 35 is preferably positioned in the neighbouring smokable downstream for lighting end section 22 so that these sections are closed with end-to-end System axially aligns, it is preferably adjacent to each other and therebetween without estrangement (except open air space).Heat section 35 and smokable light The closely adjacent relation of end section 22, which provides appropriate heat exchange relationship, (e.g., to be made to burn and can take out in the section 22 of end in smokable light Inhale material behavior ignite heat section 35 thermal source).It is smokable to light end and raw when the axial spotting perpendicular to smoking product The exterior cross sectional shape and size of hot arc 22,35 can it is substantially identical to one another (such as, it appears that all with cylindrical shape, respectively have Essentially identical diameter).
Before combustion, the shape of cross section and size of heat section 35 can change.Preferably, the cross section face of thermal source 40 Product accounts for about 10% to about 35%, normally about the 15% to about 25% of the total cross-section area of this section 35；And outside or encircled area Cross-sectional area (including heat-insulating material 42 and related housing material) account for this section 35 total cross-section area about 65% To about 90%, normally about 75% to about 85%.For example, coming for the cylindrical smoking product with about 24mm to about 26mm girths Say, representational thermal source 40 has external diameter about 2.5mm to about 5mm, normally about 3mm to about 4.5mm generally circular cross-section shape Shape.
The cylindrical aerosol segment occurred 51 of Longitudinal extending is located at the downstream of heat section 35.Aerosol segment occurred 51 includes base Material 55, host material 55 is used as the carrier of aerosol former or material (not shown) again.For example, aerosol segment occurred 51 It may include reconstituted tobacco materials, the reconstituted tobacco materials include processing aid, flavor enhancement and glycerine.
The aforementioned component of aerosol segment occurred 51 be may be arranged in packaging material 58 and packaged material 58 is surrounded.Packing timber Material 58, which can be configured to, is easy to heat (e.g., 35) to be delivered to aerosol segment occurred 51 from heat section from the end 14 of lighting of smoking product 10 Component.That is, aerosol segment occurred 51 and heat section 35 can be configured to heat exchange relationship each other.Heat exchange relationship causes The enough heats for carrying out self-heat power 40 are supplied to aerosol forming region so that aerosol formation material volatilizees to form aerosol. In some embodiments, heat exchange relationship is realized by the way that these sections are positionable adjacent one another.Heat exchange relationship also can be by inciting somebody to action Heat Conduction Material is extended about into the region occupied by aerosol segment occurred 51 from thermal source 40 or surrounding is realized.It is below or logical Cross to quote and be contained entirely in Stone herein equal to the U.S. Patent Application No. 12/859,494 that August in 2010 is submitted on the 19th The particular implementation for the species that matrix may include is described in number.
Representative package material 58 for host material 55 may include thermal conduction characteristic to conduct heat from heat section 35 To aerosol segment occurred 51, so as to provide the volatilization of the aerosol formation component wherein included.Host material 55 can be about 10mm To about 22mm, 11mm is about in some embodiments to about 12mm, and scope is about up to 21mm in other embodiments.
Host material 55 can be the mixture of the fragrant tasty tobacco of chopping form of bio-carrier.These tobaccos can use gas molten again Glue formation material and/or at least one flavor enhancement processing.Host material 55 can be the finished tobacco of chopping form of bio-carrier (reconstituted tobacco e.g., manufactured using the technique of cast sheet (cast sheet) or papermaking type).Some cast sheet constructions may include Per the tobacco of 10mm straight lengths about 270 to about 300mg.The tobacco can be handled or be processed into again comprising aerosol formation material And/or at least one flavor enhancement, and configuration assistant prevents the fire retardant for igniting and/or burning of heat section (for example, phosphoric acid hydrogen Two ammoniums or other salt).The metallic interior surface of the packaging material 58 of aerosol segment occurred 51 can be used as aerosol formation material and/or The carrier of at least one flavor enhancement.
In other embodiments, matrix 55 may include the tobacco paper for being formed as plug part or non-tobacco aggregation paper (gather paper).Plug part can load the aerosol formation material of various forms (e.g., microcapsules, liquid, powder), seasoning Agent, tobacco extract etc..Fire retardant (e.g., diammonium hydrogen phosphate or other salt) can be applied to matrix at least distal end/light end Point to help prevent igniting and/or burning for heat section.
In these and/or other embodiment, matrix 55 may include the ball or pearl from pellet or the formation of non-pellet tobacco. Pellet tobacco known to from the U.S. Patent No. 5,105,831 such as being incorporated herein by reference Banerjee herein. Pellet tobacco may include the tobacco composition of about 20 to about 50 (weight) % powder types, and it carries glycerine (about 20 to about 30 weights Measure %), calcium carbonate (typically about 10 to about 60 weight %, normally about 40 to about 60 weight %) and adhesive and flavor enhancement.It is viscous Mixture may include such as carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), gummy (e.g., guar gum), xanthans, pulullan polysaccharide or alginate. Pearl, ball or other form of a pellet can be configured such that be adapted to fit into matrix portion and provide optimum air stream and produce needed for aerosol Size.The container of such as chamber or capsule can form the position for keeping matrix in smoking product.Such container is conducive to Accommodate the ball or pearl of such as pellet and/or non-pellet tobacco.The usable packaging material as described below of the container is formed.Herein The term " tobacco ball " (tobacco pellets) of restriction include pearl, ball or other can be comprising pellet and/or non-pellet tobacco The junior unit of tobacco independence.The tobacco ball can have smooth, rule profile (e.g., spherical, cylindrical, avette etc.) and/or should Tobacco ball can have irregular contour.In one embodiment, the diameter of each tobacco ball can be from less than about 1mm to about 2mm Scope.The tobacco ball can at least partly fill the matrix chamber of smoking product described herein.In one embodiment, matrix chamber Volume can be from about 500mm3To about 700mm3The scope (matrix e.g., with the substantially smoking product of cylindrical geometry shape Chamber, its lumen diameter is about 7.5 to about 7.8mm and cavity length is about 11 to about 15mm).In one embodiment, matrix chamber The quality of interior tobacco ball can be from about 200mg to about 500mg scope.
In another other embodiment, matrix 55 can be configured to integrated substrate.The integrated substrate can be overall by quoting It is equal to the side for No. 12/859,494 description of U.S. Patent Application No. that August in 2010 is submitted on the 19th comprising Stone herein Method is formed.The matrix may include extrded material or be constructed by extrded material.The matrix can also pass through press-fit or mold/casting shape Into.Therefore, term " integrated substrate " may include by extruding or by a kind of matrix of formation in these other methods.
For preferred smoking product, the two ends of aerosol segment occurred 51 open to expose its host material 55.Make With the phase can be aspirated in buccal 18 by the smokable composition for lighting the aerosol that end section 22 is produced that burns during smoking product Between soon pass through aerosol segment occurred 51.
Heat section 35 and aerosol segment occurred 51 are collectively forming aerosol and occur system 60.Aerosol segment occurred 51 is placed on The downstream of neighbouring heat section 35 so that these sections 51,35 are axially aligned with end-to-end relation.These sections can be adjacent to each other, or Placed with the relation being spaced slightly apart, this may include buffer area 53.When the axial spotting perpendicular to smoking product 10, these The exterior cross sectional shape and size of section can be substantially identical to one another.(e.g., fired being activated using smoking product 10 period thermal source Burn) time in, the physics of these parts, which is set, preferably makes heat be transmitted from thermal source 40 (e.g., by including conduction and advection heat The mode of transmission) to adjacent matrix material 55.
Buffering area 53 can reduce the potential of each several part of aerosol segment occurred 51 and burn or other thermal degradations.Buffering area 53 Can mainly include empty air chamber, or its can partially or substantially completely filled with such as metal, organic matter, inorganic matter, ceramics or The non-combustible materials of polymeric material or its any combination.Buffer thickness can from about 1mm to about 10mm or more, but generally thickness It is about 2mm to about 5mm.
System 60 occurs for aerosol and the smokable each part for lighting end section 22 preferably uses housing material 64 and connected each other Connect and be secured in position.For example, housing material 64 may include around heat section 35, the outside Longitudinal extending of aerosol segment occurred 51 At least a portion on surface and light being packed with the papery of each in the adjacent at least a portion of heat section for end section 22 Material or laminated paper section bar material.The inner surface of housing material 64 can be fixed to its each part surrounded by appropriate adhesive Outer surface.Preferably, housing material 64 is extended in the smokable obvious segment length for lighting end section 22.
Smoking product 10 preferably includes the appropriate mouthpiece portion for such as filter element 65 being placed at its buccal 18.Cross filtering element Part 65 is preferably placed at one end of the cigarette rods adjacent with one end of aerosol segment occurred 51 so that filter element 65 and aerosol hair Raw section 51 axially aligns with end-to-end relation, adjacent to each other and any estrangement therebetween.Preferably, when perpendicular to smoking product During axial spotting, the general cross sectional shape and size of these sections 51,65 can be substantially identical to one another.Filter element 65 may include Filter material material 70, the filtering material 70 along its lengthwise extending surface by around plug wrap material 72 outside wrap up in.In one embodiment, Filtering material 70 includes plasticized cellulose acetate beam, and in certain embodiments, filtering material can further comprise About 20 to about 80mg in whole acetate tow by discrete filler are arranged in or are dispersed in " Dalmatian types " filter tip The activated carbon of amount.The two ends of filter element 65 are preferred to be opened to allow aerosol to pass through.It is preferred that system 60 occurs for aerosol Filter element 65 is connected to using tipping material 78.Filter element 65 may also include Thomas etc. U.S. Patent No. 7,479, No. 098, Dube etc. U.S. Patent No. 7,793,665 and Ademe etc. U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2009/ The type for crushing seasoning capsule described in No. 0194118, these documents are contained entirely in herein by quoting.
Smoking product 10 may include air dilution means, such as a series of eyelets 81, each eyelet mode can prolong as shown Extend through filter element tipping material 78 and plug wrap material 72, and/or may extend to or into matrix 55.
Before burning, the overall dimension alterable of smoking product 10.Typically, smoking product 10 is cylindrical bar, with week 20mm is about to about 27mm, overall length about 70mm to about 130mm, normally about 83mm to about 100mm.It is smokable to light end section 22 Typically there is about 3mm to about 15mm length, but it is reducible up to 30mm.The total length that system 60 occurs for aerosol can be from about 20mm is changed to about 65mm.The heat section 35 that system 60 occurs for aerosol can the length with about 5mm to about 30mm；And aerosol The aerosol segment occurred 51 of generation system 60 can have about 10mm to about 60mm total length.
Amount alterable for manufacturing the smokable smokeable material 26 for lighting end section 22.Typically, mainly cut by tobacco Silk filler be made it is smokable light end section 22, in terms of dry weight, including at least about 20mg, general at least about 50mg, typically at least About 75mg and usually at least 100mg tobacco-containing material.The smokable loading density for lighting smokeable material 26 in the section 22 of end is preferred Less than the density (e.g., about 100 to about 400mg/cm of fuel element3).Preferably, smokable end section 22 of lighting mainly includes taking out Material 26 is inhaled, and does not include carbonaceous fuel element part.
Combined amount alterable for the aerosol former in aerosol segment occurred 51 and host material 55.The material is excellent Choosing can be used for about 100 to about 400mg/cm3Loading density come the appropriate part of filling aerosol segment occurred 51, (e.g., it is wrapped The inner region of package material 58).
During use, smoker lights end 14 using what match or lighter lighted smoking product 10, mode and lights biography The mode of system smoking product is similar.So, the smokable smokeable material 26 for lighting end section 22 starts burning.Smoking product 10 Buccal 18 is placed between the lip of smoker.The thermal decomposition product produced by burning smokeable material 26 is (for example, tobacco smoke Mist composition) it is aspirated through smoking product 10, by filter element 65 and entrance smoker oral cavity.That is, working as smoking When, smoking product 10 produces the main tobacco smoke air-flow that conventional cigarette visible, similar to burning tobacco chopping filler is produced Main flow aerosol.
The smokable fuel element 40 for lighting the end heating heat of section 22 section 35 of burning so that it is preferably ignited or with other Mode activates and (e.g., starts burning).The thermal source 40 that aerosol occurs in system 60 can burn, and due to the heat exchange between two sections Relation and heat is provided so that in aerosol segment occurred 51 aerosol formation material volatilization.Some heat source preferreds 40 are in the activation phase Between will not undergo volume reduction, and other thermals source may degrade in the way of volume reduces.Preferably, aerosol segment occurred 51 Component is not subjected to the thermal decomposition (e.g., be carbonized or burn) of any significance degree.Volatile component is entrained in that to be drawn through gas molten In the air of glue generating region 51.The aerosol so formed will be drawn through filter element 65, and enter in smoker oral cavity.
In some service stages, the aerosol formed in aerosol segment occurred 51 is with can in the section 22 of end by smokable light The aerosol (that is, flue gas) that the thermal degradation of sucked material 26 is formed is sucked through filter element 65 and enters smoker together In mouthful.Therefore, the main flow aerosol produced by smoking product 10 includes the thermal decomposition and volatility gas by tobacco cut filler Smoke of tobacco produced by colloidal sol formation material.It is most of main for the suction (that is, after lighting period and lighting soon) of early stage Gas colloidal sol is produced by the smokable thermal decomposition for lighting end section 22.(that is, disappear for subsequent suction in smokable end section 22 of lighting After consumption and aerosol occur system 60 thermal source 40 be ignited) there is provided most of main flow aerosol occurred by aerosol System 60 is produced.After smokeable material 26 is consumed, and thermal source 40 extinguishes, the use of smoking product stops (that is, smoking experience Terminate).
Reference picture 2, it shows the representative smoking product 10 of cigarette form.Smoking product 10, which includes being located at, lights end 14 Heat section 35, the fillter section 65 positioned at the other end (buccal 18) and near point combustion end and the aerosol between above-mentioned two sections Segment occurred 51 (can include tobacco).Fig. 2 heat section 35 can include the substantial cylindrical surrounded by heat-insulating material similar to Figure 1 Carbon heat source.Each section of the component and size of smoking product 10 are typically similar with the mode that previous reference picture 1 is illustrated in Fig. 2, But without distal end/light end smokeable material filler so that fuel element directly ignites rather than by igniting and burning Smokeable material ignites.
Filter element 65 be connected to cigarette rods using tipping material 78 preferably with the general fashion described in previous reference picture 1 and Into.As known in the art, smoking product can alternatively be carried out empty by being provided about appropriate eyelet 81 in oral cavity petiolarea 18 Gas dilutes.The U.S. Patent No. 7,972,254 of U.S. Patent No. such as Nelson 7,740,019 and Stokes etc., With Fagg etc. U.S. Patent Publication the 2008/0142028th, Hutchens etc. U.S. Patent Publication the 2009/028867th Number and Thomas etc. U.S. Patent Publication the 2009/0090372nd in describe material that filter tip may include and can lead to Method manufacture is crossed, these documents are all incorporated herein by reference herein.
Local flavor can be provided or strengthened by following components：On the host material 55 of aerosol segment occurred 51 or within capsule or Microencapsulation material (for illustrative purposes, Fig. 1 can be considered to have the microcapsules being contained therein), packaging material, filter element 65 or it can keep and discharge aromatic and preferably there is any other group of the minimum thermal degradation for undesirably changing local flavor Point.The other aromatised fractions relevant with filter tip can also be used；See, for example, Fagg etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,724,997.
The cigarette that reference picture 2 is described is available and R.J. Rainolds Tobacco CO. carries out market with " Eclipse " brand name The cigarette identical mode of sale is used." the Steam Hot One " cigarettes sold referring also to Japan Tobacco Inc (JTI).
The smokable smokeable material for lighting end section most preferably includes some form of tobacco.It is preferred that smokeable material with The dry weight meter of these materials, is mainly made up of tobacco.That is, these materials major part dry weight, mixing comprising these materials Most of weight (including each material or with the material for coating on or otherwise including additive therein of compound Mixture) by some form of tobacco provide.These materials all can be made up of tobacco-containing material, and not comprising any non- Smokable filler, substitute or replenishers.Smokeable material can be handled with the traditional tobacco additive used in cigarette manufacture, Such as outer cover (casing) and/or top dressing (top dressing) composition.It can refer to and be contained entirely in herein by quoting In Crooks etc. No. 2007/0215167 record of U.S. Patent Application Publication No. embodiment and document understand these tobaccos Component.
The fuel element alterable of heat section.Suitable fuel element and its representative component, design and configuration, Yi Jisheng The ways and means of these fuel elements and its part are produced referring to documents below：Banerjee etc. U.S. Patent No. 4,714, No. 082, Clearman etc. U.S. Patent No. 4,756,318, Clearman etc. U.S. Patent No. 4,881,556, Clearman etc. U.S. Patent No. 4,989,619, Farrier etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,020,548, Clearman etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,027,837, Banerjee etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,067,499, Farrier etc. United States Patent (USP) No. 5,076,297, Clearman etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,099,861, Banerjee etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,105, No. 831, White etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,129,409, Best etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,148,821, Clearman etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,156,170, Riggs etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,178,167, Shannon etc. U.S. Patent No. No. 5,211,684, Clearman etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,247,947, Clearman etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,345,955 Number, Barnes etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,469,871, Riggs U.S. Patent No. 5,551,451, Meiring etc. U.S. The United States Patent (USP) of state's patent the 5,560,376th, Meiring etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,706,834 and Meiring etc. No. 5,727,571；And Banerjee etc. U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2005/0274390 and the 2010/th No. 0065075, these documents are all incorporated herein by reference herein.
Fuel element generally includes carbonaceous material and may include the composition and high carbon content of such as graphite or aluminum oxide Carbonaceous material.Carbonaceous fuel element is included in by R.J. Rainolds Tobacco CO. with " Premier " and " Eclipse " brand name Claim the type included in the cigarette of market sale." the Steam Hot One " cigarettes sold referring also to Japan Tobacco Inc (JTI).Combustion Riggs herein etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,178 is being incorporated herein by reference in some other embodiments description of material element, In the U.S. Patent No. 5,551,451 of No. 167 and Riggs etc., but some embodiments may lack wherein described sodium, stone Ink, and/or calcium carbonate.Some fuel element embodiments may include foam carbon monomer.In another embodiment, fuel element 40 can jointly be extruded from heat insulation layer 42, thus shorten manufacturing time and reduce expense.
Fuel element can use various precursors (e.g., metal nitrate or metal oxide) processing (e.g., dip-coating) and/or progress Heat treatment.Compared with the smoking product including untreated fuel element, the processing can pass through the fuel element including processing The main flow aerosol that produces of smoking product in the CO concentration of reduction is provided.The fuel element is further described through by quoting It is contained entirely in herein in the U.S. Patent Application No. that August in 2010 is submitted on the 19th 12/859,494.
Fuel element is preferably adiabatic material or other suitable materials are surrounded or otherwise impaled.Heat-insulating material can It is configured to and is used to fuel unit position is supported, maintained and kept in smoking product.Heat-insulating material may be additionally configured to suction Air and aerosol can be passed through soon.The interior representative heat-insulation assembly of heat-insulating material, each part of heat-insulation assembly, heat section Configuration, the packaging material for heat-insulation assembly and produce these parts and component ways and means embodiment in document It is middle to illustrate：Pryor etc. U.S. Patent No. 4,807,809, Hancock etc. U.S. Patent No. 4,893,637, Barnes Deng U.S. Patent No. 4,938,238, Shannon etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,027,836, Lawson etc. United States Patent (USP) No. 5,065,776, White etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,105,838, Banerjee etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,119,837 Number, Clearman etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,247,947, Banerjee etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,303,720, The U.S. Patent No. 5,396,911 of Clearman etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,345,955, Casey three generations etc., White U.S. Patent No. 5,546,965, Meiring etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,727,571, Wilkinson etc. United States Patent (USP) No. 5,902,431, Cook etc. U.S. Patent No. 5,944,025 and Sebastian etc. U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2011/0041861, these documents are incorporated herein by reference herein.Each heat-insulation assembly is already contained in R.J. Reynolds Hereby tobacco company is sold with brand name " Premier " and the cigarettes types of " Eclipse " commercial distribution and Japan Tobacco Inc (JTI) Sell " in Steam Hot One " cigarettes.
For in heat-insulating material it is fire-retardant/burn material and additive may include silica, carbon, ceramics, metallic fiber and/ Or particle.When handling cellulose or such as example other fibers of cotton, boric acid or various organic phosphate compounds Required fire resistance can be provided.In addition, various organic or metal nanoparticle can give required flame-retarding characteristic, and e.g., phosphoric acid hydrogen two Ammonium and/or other salt.Other useful materials may include organic phosphorus compound, borax, hydrated alumina, graphite, tripolyphosphate Potassium, dipentaerythritol, pentaerythrite and polyalcohol.Can be used such as nitrogenous phosphonate, MAP, ammonium polyphosphate, ammonium bromide, Ammonium chloride, ammonium borate, boric acid ethanol ammonium, Amcide Ammate, halogenated organic compounds, the other materials of thiocarbamide and antimony oxide, But it is not preferred reagent.For heat-insulating material, host material and other components (either individually still each other and/or with it is other Any combination thereof) in fire retardant, resistance burn agent and/or resistance burn in each embodiment of agent material, institute is most preferably provided Characteristic is needed without the exhaust brought or fusing type property.
Insulating fabric preferably has enough oxygen diffusivities, in required use time, to keep such as fragrant The smoking product of cigarette is in and lights state.Thus, insulating fabric preferably has loose structure.In braiding, weaving or weaving and volume Knit in composite construction, required porosity can be controlled by configuration component machinery, so as to reserve enough (institutes between fiber Need size) space, so that oxygen can be diffused into thermal source.It is not enough to promote the nothing of uniform, sustained combustion for its hole Yarn fabric, can enter eleven punch 11 to realize additional porosity, the method for punching by methods known in the art to insulating fabric Including the perforation of for example hot or cold pin, flame-perforated, embossing perforation (embossing), laser cutting, drilling, blade cutting, chemistry Perforation, punching and other methods.Buffering and heat-insulating material can each include weaving, braiding or its mixed non-glass materials knitted, hair Steep metal material, foamed ceramic material, foamed ceramic metallic composite, and their any combination；Heat-insulating material is with delaying Rushing material can be with identical, can also be different.
Aerosol formation material can change, and the mixture of various aerosols formation materials can be used, just as can make With flavor enhancement (including changing the sensation and/or the various materials of organoleptic properties or characteristic of the main flow aerosol of smoking product), bag The various combinations of package material, buccal component, filter element, forming paper and tipping material are as various types of.These components Representative types are described in Crooks etc. U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2007/0215167, and it is by quoting overall include Herein.
Host material can include some form of tobacco, be generally mainly made up of tobacco, and can be with almost all of Tobacco-containing material is provided.The form of host material can change.In some embodiments, host material is substantially filled out with traditional Material form (e.g., chopping filler) is used.Host material can also form other required constructions.Host material can be used whole by quoting The technology of U.S. Patent No. 4,807, No. 809 type summarized of the body comprising Pryor herein etc., to assemble net or piece The form of material is used.The available U.S. Patent No. 5,025 that Raker herein etc. is contained entirely in by quoting of host material, No. 814 technologies of type summarized, the form that net or sheet material are cut into the rope strand of many Longitudinal extendings is used.Host material can Form with the sheet material loosely rolled, so that screw type air duct extends longitudinally through aerosol segment occurred.The type of representative contains The tobacco of host material can be manufactured with the mixture of all kinds of tobaccos, or with a kind of major type of tobacco (e.g., mainly by white rib The casting piece type or papermaking type reconstituted tobacco of tobacco composition, or the main casting piece type or papermaking type being made up of Oriental type tobacco Reconstituted tobacco) manufacture.
Host material also can use such as outer cover and/or top dressing composition, be conventionally used to the tobacco of cigarette manufacture type Additive treating.See, for example, the U.S. Patent Publication the 2004/th that Crooks herein etc. is contained entirely in by quoting The species of the component of No. 017329 description.
The mode of aerosol formation material host material (e.g., tobacco-containing material) can change.Aerosol formation material It can be coated on established tobacco-containing material, or finished tobacco material can be attached to during tobacco-containing material is manufactured In material.Aerosol formation material can dissolve or be distributed in waterborne liquid or other suitable solvents or liquid carrier, then It is sprayed onto on the host material.See, for example, the U.S. Patent Application Publication that Nestor herein etc. is incorporated herein by reference No. 2005/0066986.The amount of aerosol formation material can change relative to matrix dry weight.Gas comprising too high amount is molten The material of glue formation material is difficult to be processed into cigarette rods with the automation cigarette making apparatus of general type.
Casting profile material material can include the aerosol formation material of high level.The reconstituted tobacco manufactured with papermaking type technique The aerosol formation material of moderate content can be included.Tobacco rods and tobacco cut filler can include the aerosol formation material of relatively low amount Material.Within the scope of the invention, various paperys and non-paper matrix, including aggregation, lamination, laminated metallic/metal can be used Bar, the pearl of such as alumina bead, open-cell foam materials, foaming monomer, ventilative matrix and other materials.See, for example, by quoting U.S. Patent No. 5,183,062 comprising Clearman herein, No. 5,203,355 and No. 5,588,446.
In some other embodiment, the base portion of aerosol segment occurred may include extruding or other integral materials, Or can be made up of extruding or other integral materials.The other extruding component identical sides of described herein in relation to can be used by extruding matrix Formula is formed.Extruding or other integrated substrates may include or mainly can be made up of tobacco, glycerine, water and jointing material.In some realities Apply in mode, integrated substrate may include about 10 to about 90 weight % tobacco, about 5 to about 50 weight % glycerine, about 1 to about 30 Weight % water (before drying and cutting) and about 0 to about 10 weight % adhesive.Its may also include such as calcium carbonate and/or The filler of graphite.
Extrude, dry and be cut to after required length, hand assembled method or cigarette machine (e.g., Hauni can be used Maschinenbau AG KDF or Protus) matrix is assembled into the segmented smoking product of such as Eclipse types cigarette. The integrated substrate element of small diameter can by winding, bond or otherwise assemble to combine, for for In the smoking product of this paper other matrix embodiments description.Preferred substrate packaging material includes foil paper, big specification paper, shaping Paper and/or cigarette paper.
In one embodiment, referring to Fig. 4, smoking product can be provided with integrated substrate 463, and Fig. 4 is that have to light end 414 With the longitudinal section of the cigarette 410 of buccal 418.Integrated substrate 463 (can be used for other embodiment party described in such as Fig. 1 and 2 In formula) can be formed by appropriate extrusion, and show have extend longitudinally through centre bore 495 therein.Integrated substrate It is cut into length (that is, the perfume (or spice) of 85mm or 130mm length of can account for cigarette overall length about 1/16 to about 5/8, normally about 1/10 to about 1/2 There are the matrix elements of 10mm, 12mm or 50mm length) in cigarette.The matrix section 455 of cigarette body includes being arranged in matrix 463 and mistake Empty space pipe 467 between filter tip 470.Coating of the filter tip 470 shown provided with forming paper 472 and tipping paper 478.Base Matter 463 and pipe 467 are packaged material 458 and surrounded, and its packaging material 458 can be configured to such as Heat Conduction Material (e.g., foil paper), big Specification paper, forming paper or cigarette paper.Cylinder surrounds packaging material 464 (for example, cigarette paper or big specification paper) and can be used for connecting Heat section 435, centron section 455 and fillter section 465.What heat section 435 and miscellaneous part can be put into practice within the scope of the present invention Constructed herein and described in elsewhere with the embodiment and other embodiment form.
In another embodiment, referring to Fig. 5, smoking product can be provided with the integrated substrate 563 extended, and Fig. 5 is with point Fire the longitudinal section of the cigarette 510 of end 514 and buccal 518.The integrated substrate 563 of extension (can be used for other embodiment In) can be formed by appropriate extrusion, and show have extend longitudinally through centre bore 595 therein.The filtering shown Coating of the mouth 570 provided with forming paper 572 and tipping paper 578.Matrix 563 is packaged material 558 and surrounded, its packaging material 558 can be configured to such as Heat Conduction Material (e.g., foil paper), big specification paper, forming paper or cigarette paper.Cylinder surrounds packaging material 564 (for example, cigarette paper or big specification paper) can be used for connection heat section 535, centron section 555 (substantially by present embodiment Mesostroma is constituted) and fillter section 565.Heat section 535 and miscellaneous part can put into practice within the scope of the present invention herein and elsewhere It is described to be constructed with the embodiment and other embodiment form.
In one embodiment, referring to Fig. 6, smoking product can be provided with integrated substrate 663, and Fig. 6 is that have to light end 614 With the longitudinal section of the cigarette 610 of buccal 618.Integrated substrate 663 (can be used in other embodiment) can be by appropriate Extrusion formed, and show have extend longitudinally through centre bore 695 therein.Cigarette body includes being arranged in matrix Cigarette rods 669 between 663 and filter tip 670.Covering of the filter tip 670 shown provided with forming paper 672 and tipping paper 678 Layer.Matrix 663 and the packaged material 658 of the matrix section of the formation of tobacco rod 669 655 are surrounded, and its packaging material 658 can be configured to Such as Heat Conduction Material (e.g., foil paper), big specification paper, forming paper or cigarette paper.Cylinder surrounds packaging material 664 (for example, cigarette Paper or big specification paper) it can be used for connection heat section 635, centron section 655 and fillter section 665.Heat section 635 and miscellaneous part What can be put into practice within the scope of the present invention constructs herein and described in elsewhere with the embodiment and other embodiment form.
In another embodiment, referring to Fig. 7, smoking product can be provided with the matrix 763 of tobacco ball be included, and Fig. 7 is that have Light the longitudinal section of the cigarette 710 of end 714 and buccal 718.Matrix 763 (can be used in other embodiment) can pass through The method of appropriate, such as pill (marumarization) method is formed.Cigarette body includes being arranged in matrix 763 and filter tip Tobacco rod 769 between 770.The filter tip 770 shown is configured with the coating of forming paper 772 and tipping paper 778.Heat section 735 and miscellaneous part can put into practice within the scope of the present invention herein and elsewhere described in the embodiment and other embodiment Form is constructed.
Matrix 763 can be included in matrix chamber 756.Matrix chamber 756 can be by heat section 735 at one end, and tobacco rod 769 is in phase Opposite end, and by packaging material 764 at least about matrix girth (also, in some embodiments, along from filter tip to lighting The total length extension at end) formed.The circumference of matrix chamber 756 can be enclosed in packaging material 764 by hydrostatic column structure (not shown), And between heat section 735 and the tobacco rod 769 of opposite end at one end.Heat section 735 and tobacco rod 769 can pass through packaging material 764 are connected with each other.For this purpose, packaging material 764 can around heat section 735 at least downstream portion and tobacco rod 769 At least upstream portion.Heat section 735 and tobacco rod 769 can be longitudinally spaced apart.In other words, heat section 735 and tobacco rod 769 can not It is abutting contact with one another.Matrix chamber 756 can be as shown in Figure 7 by between heat 735 downstream of section and the upstream end of tobacco rod 769 Packaging material 764 in Longitudinal extending space limit.Matrix 763 can be located in matrix chamber 756.For example, matrix chamber 756 can be extremely Small part fills tobacco ball.Matrix chamber 756 can accommodate matrix 763 to prevent the movement of tobacco ball.
Packaging material 764 can be configured to such as Heat Conduction Material (e.g., foil paper), heat-insulating material, extensive paper, tipping paper, perfume (or spice) Cigarette paper, tobacco paper or its any combination.In addition, alternatively, packaging material 764 may include paper tinsel, ceramics, ceramic paper, charcoal felt, glass Glass pad or its any combination.Other packaging materials that are known or developing of this area can be packed individually or with one or more these Combination of materials is used.In one embodiment, packaging material 764 may include the papery material with lamination chaff or piece thereon Material.Packaging material 764 may include paper web 783.Paper web 783 can as described above given size and shape with around life Hot arc 735, matrix chamber 756 and tobacco rod 769.For this purpose, paper web 783 can substantially have along smoking product The rectangular shape of the length of Longitudinal extending and the width extended along the direction being transversely to the machine direction.The width of paper web 783 can be compared with The girth of smoking product 710 is slightly larger, so that paper web can form pipe or post defines the outer surface of smoking product.For example, papery The width of sheet material 783 can be from about 18 to about 29mm.The length of paper web 783 can be enough longitudinally to prolong along the total length of matrix chamber 764 Stretch and cover heat section 735 and tobacco rod 769.For example, the length of paper web 783 can be about 50 to about 66mm.Paper web 783 can as shown in Figure 7 have be enough substantially cover the full length of tobacco rod 769.In one embodiment, paper web (or other packaging materials) can have about 1mil (mil) to about 6mil thickness (about 0.025mm to about 0.15mm).
Chaff or piece 784 can be laminated to paper web 783 and cover cover region with forming layer.As is further described, paper tinsel Bar 784 can have the overall width substantially along paper web 783 to extend to be disposed generally about heat section 735, matrix chamber 764 and tobacco rod The width of 769 whole girth.Chaff 784 can also have the length that a part of length along paper web 783 extends.It is preferred that Ground, chaff 784 can extend along the length of enough parts of paper web 783, so that total length extension of the chaff along matrix chamber 756 is simultaneously Cover at least a portion of heat section 735 and tobacco rod 769.For example, the length of chaff 784 can be from about 16 to about 20mm.One In individual embodiment, chaff can have about 0.0005mm to about 0.05mm thickness.
Chaff can be laminated on the internal or external surface of paper web.Appointing including such as heat lamination can be used in chaff The technology what known now or future development goes out is laminated on paper web.Any known now or future can be used in chaff The adhesive layer developed is pressed on paper web.In one embodiment, adhesive is configurable for fixing tipping material To the cold glue adhesive of the type of cigarette miscellaneous part.Chaff can be with or without lubricant lamination or patchery to paper web.It is excellent Selection of land, chaff can be laminated to paper web inner surface (e.g., towards matrix chamber paper web surface) with contact heat section, Host material and/or tobacco rod.Laminated paper or other packaging materials can be according to being incorporated herein by reference Marton's herein 6,849, No. 085 disclosure construction of U.S. Patent No., or constructed according to other appropriate methods and/or material.For example, chaff At least longitudinal direction portion of matrix chamber can circumferentially be surrounded and extended along at least longitudinal direction portion lengthwise of matrix chamber, and can at least cover life Longitudinal portion of hot arc and/or longitudinal portion of tobacco rod.Chaff can strengthen heat exchange between heat section 735 and matrix 764.This is enhanced The volatilization that heat exchange can help to aerosol formation material in matrix 763 is formed for aerosol.For this purpose, chaff 784 can be formed by Heat Conduction Material.Chaff 784 can by including such as tin, aluminium, copper, gold, brass, other thermal conducting materials and/or its The Heat Conduction Material of meaning combination is formed.So, the paper tinsel-line paper tube or post that matrix chamber 756 can be formed by packaging material 764 are defined.Bag Package material may include the alignment surface layer (registered facing) of the chaff of the discrete location on packaging material.
The interlude of smoking product may include heat section, matrix section (e.g., integrated substrate or the ball including host material or pearl Matrix chamber) and tobacco rod.Need the interlude can be provided by so-called " duplex rod " and traditional or appropriate improvement can be used Cigarette rods operation device is operated, and the operation device is, for example, Hauni-Werke Korber＆Co.KG Lab MAX, MAX, MAX The attachment device of S or MAX80 types.U.S. Patent No. 3,308,600, Heitmann see, for example, Erdmann etc. etc. U.S. State's patent the 4,281,670th, Reuland etc. U.S. Patent No. 4,280,187, Greene, Jr. etc. U.S. Patent No. No. 4,850,301, Vos etc. U.S. Patent No. 6,229,115, Holmes U.S. Patent No. 7,434,585 and Read, Jr. No. 2006/0169295 description of U.S. Patent No. 7,296,578 and Draghetti U.S. Patent Publication The type of device, each document is incorporated herein by reference herein.
For example, Fig. 8 elaborations can be during manufacture Fig. 7 smoking product 710 or other smoking products described herein The duplex rod of preparation.Duplex rod may include two interludes as described above, and interlude is connected to each other at conventional tobacco rod.It is double Connection rod may include two heat for being located at its length opposite end sections 835a, 835b.Tobacco rod 869 can be generally along the longitudinal axis collection of rod In.Tobacco rod 869 may include two part 869a, 869b combined respectively with an interlude.Tobacco rod 869 and two heats Section 835a, 835b can be connected to each other as described in figure 7 above with packaging material 864.Matrix chamber 856a can limit heat section 835a and In packaging material 864 between tobacco rod 869.Matrix 863a can be accommodated in matrix chamber 856a.Similarly, matrix chamber 856b It can be limited in the packaging material 864 between heat section 835b and tobacco rod 869.Matrix 863b can be accommodated in matrix chamber 856b It is interior.Packaging material 864 may include the paper web 883 for being laminated chaff 884a, 884b thereon.Chaff can as described in figure 7 above ground It is aligned in sheet with matrix chamber.Rod about can disconnect in its longitudinal center, to form two interludes, each match somebody with somebody essentially as described above Put.Tobacco rod, hollow tube and/or filter element can be connected to the downstream of each interlude by any means, with formation The smoking product stated.This method may include to provide at least a portion around heat section, matrix chamber, tobacco rod, second of matrix At least one of packaging material of chamber and the second heat section；Around the second chaff of the packaging material of the second matrix chamber, wherein Chaff and the second chaff align apart from each other in certain discrete spacing, calibrate the spacing with accurately and repeatedly by paper tinsel Bar and the second chaff are disposed relative to the required position of matrix chamber, the second matrix chamber, heat section and the second heat section.
The duplex rod and/or interlude can when manufacturing smoking product easily operated host material.For example, working as tobacco ball When matrix 863 is maintained between heat section 835 and tobacco rod 869 with matrix chamber 856, duplex rod and/or interlude can be used The standard processing equipment processing stated.That is, tobacco bulb matrix may be housed in duplex rod and/or interlude, with complete into One step is processed, and avoids the movement and/or loss of tobacco bulb matrix.
The continuous band-shaped form that packaging material 864 can have chaff 884 to repeat the material of form lamination thereon is provided. Fig. 9 elaborates to include repeating a part for the band of packaging material 864 of a repeat unit of form.In some preferred embodiments In, chaff 884 accurately can align along packaging material 864, when as described above using packaging material formation duplex rod so that every Individual chaff will be aligned with matrix chamber as described above.
In one embodiment, repeat form repeat unit may include it is a series of along packaging material 864 in longitudinal direction The section of extension.First paragraph 901 may include non-laminated paper.That is, first paragraph 901 may include the paper without chaff lamination thereon Material.First paragraph can have about 4 to about 8mm length.Second segment 902 from the Longitudinal extending of first paragraph 901 and can may include paper tinsel Laminated paper.That is, second segment 902 may include the paper material of chaff lamination thereon, so that paper material (or other packagings Material) it is continuous, in lamination chaff thereon of the discrete predeterminated position spacing with Accurate align.Second segment 902 can have There is about 16 to about 20mm length.From second segment Longitudinal extending and non-laminated paper can be may include for 3rd section 903.3rd section 903 can With about 14 to about 18mm length.From the 3rd section of 903 Longitudinal extendings and layers of foil platen can be may include for 4th section 904.4th section 904 can have about 16 to about 20mm length.
Repeat unit repeats arbitrary number of times to form the band of packaging material 864, and the strip of wrapping material, which has, to be suitably employed in Spool or be configured to on cigarette assembly machine provide packaging material other structures on any length.Those skilled in the art will Think, position of the chaff along packaging material will be preferably accurately controlled.The change of any position can cause chaff and matrix chamber it Between misalignment.Strip of wrapping material can disconnect, such as disconnected at the longitudinal center of nearly first paragraph 901 and be suitable to assembling such as to be formed The a piece of packaging material of upper described single duplex rod.Optical monitoring device and/or other supervising devices can be included or carry In assembly machine, and during smoking product is assembled, operate in conjunction with to maintain paper tinsel section and other smoking product components (e.g., Hot cell section, matrix section) accurate alignment/alignment.
Figure 10 illustrates another embodiment constructed using the smoking product of duplex rod.Duplex aerosol segment occurred can be provided 1012.Duplex aerosol segment occurred may include two aerosol segment occurreds being connected to each other.For example, duplex aerosol segment occurred 1012 may include two heats section 1035a, 1035b positioned at its longitudinally opposite end.Matrix section 1055 can be sent out along duplex aerosol The longitudinal axis of raw section 1012 is substantially concentrated between heat section 1035a, 1035b.Matrix section 1055 may include molten respectively in connection with a gas Two matrix section 1055a, 1055b of glue segment occurred.Heat section 1035a, 1035b and matrix section 1055a, 1055b can pass through bag Packaging material 1058 is enclosed to interconnect.Packaging material 1058 can put into practice within the scope of the present invention herein and elsewhere described in this Embodiment and other embodiment form construction.For example, packaging material 1058 can surround at least one of heat section 1035a Point, matrix section 1055a, 1055b and the second heat section 1035b at least a portion.Packaging material 1058 may include as described above Lamination chaff thereon.Chaff can strengthen the heat transfer between heat section and matrix section.
The component of duplex aerosol segment occurred 1012 can put into practice within the scope of the present invention herein and elsewhere described in this Embodiment and other embodiment form construction.For example, matrix section may include times of such as integrated substrate or tobacco bulb matrix What type matrix.Matrix section is formed as single section (e.g., monolithic extruding integrated substrate material or the single segment tobacco ball of host material Host material) or host material multiple sections of (e.g., two panels or multi-disc extruding integrated substrate materials or two sections or multiple segment tobacco ball bases Material).Matrix may be arranged in hydrostatic column structure.For example, matrix section 1055 may include two sections 1055a, 1055b, It is each to include at least partly filling the matrix chamber or container of tobacco bulb matrix material.Matrix chamber or container can pass through packaging material 1058 limit.Or, discrete matrix chamber or container may be arranged in packaging material 1058.
Duplex aerosol segment occurred 1012 can disconnect at about its longitudinal center, each be matched somebody with somebody essentially as described above with being formed The two heats section put.As shown in Figure 10, two heat sections can be located at the opposite end of tobacco rod 1069, to form duplex rod 1013.Duplex rod 1013 can substantially as described in Figure 8 mode configure.For example, duplex rod 1013 may include as described above Two interludes being connected with each other at conventional tobacco rod.Tobacco rod 1069 may include two parts respectively in connection with an interlude 1069a、1069b.Tobacco rod 1069 and two aerosol segment occurred used pack materials 1064 are connected with each other.Packaging material 1064 At least a portion (e.g., matrix section 1055a, 1055b at least a portion and/or heat of each aerosol segment occurred can be surrounded Section 1035a, 1035b at least a portion) and tobacco rod 1069.
Duplex rod can disconnect at about its longitudinal center, to form two interludes.As shown in Figure 10, two centres Section can be located at the opposite end of fillter section 1065, to form duplex cigarette rods 1015.Duplex cigarette rods may include in conventional filtration section Two interludes being connected to each other at 1065.Fillter section 1065 may include two part 1065a respectively in connection with a cigarette rods, 1065b.Fillter section 1065 and two interlude used pack materials 1078 are connected with each other.For example, packaging material 1078 can be surrounded At least a portion (e.g. a, part for each tobacco rod 1069a, 1069b) and fillter section 1065 of each interlude.Packaging material 1078 can be configured to tipping material as described above.Duplex cigarette rods can be about in its longitudinal center (e.g., about in fillter section 1065 longitudinal center) place disconnected to form two smoking products 1010a, 1010b.Smoking product can be real within the scope of the present invention That tramples constructs herein and described in elsewhere with the embodiment and other embodiment form.
In another embodiment, shown in Figure 11, smoking product, which can be provided with, includes the matrix 1163, Figure 11 of tobacco ball It is the fragmentary, perspective view with the cigarette 1110 for lighting end 1114 and buccal 1118.Matrix 1163 (can be in other embodiment It is middle to use) it can be formed by the proper method of such as pill method.Cigarette body includes being arranged in matrix 1163 and filter tip 1170 Between tobacco rod 1169.Heat section 1135 and other components can put into practice within the scope of the present invention herein and elsewhere described in The embodiment and other embodiment form construction.For example, heat section 1135 may include one formed in its outer surface Or multiple grooves.Groove can along heat section 1135 outer surface Longitudinal extending.In a preferred embodiment, heat section 1135 It may include 8 grooves arranged along its outer circumference.Heat section may also include the one or more longitudinal channels being formed therethrough which. Groove and/or conduit can be provided through the air-flow needed for heat section 1135.For this purpose, it may include any amount of groove And/or conduit, and groove and/or conduit have required shape or size.For example, groove and/or conduit can be such as by drawing With being contained entirely in the U.S. Patent Application No. 12/859,494 that Stone herein etc. was submitted on the 19th with August in 2010 The configuration.
Figure 12 illustrates another embodiment of smoking product construction.Packaging material 1264 can form pipe or post.Packing timber Material 1264 can put into practice within the scope of the present invention herein and elsewhere described in the embodiment and other embodiment form structure Make.For example, packaging material 1264 may include with the one or more chafves for being laminated to its surface or the paper material of piece.Chaff It can be set to be aligned with each several part of smoking product as further described herein.Heat section 1235 can be inserted into the upstream end of pipe.It is raw Hot arc 1235 can in pipe advanced downstream, until heat section at least a portion be received into pipe and/or surrounded by pipe.Heat Section 1235 can in pipe advanced downstream, until whole heat section be substantially located in pipe.Or, a part for heat section 1235 It can be stretched out as shown in Figure 12 from the upstream end of pipe.
Host material 1263 can introduce the downstream of pipe.Host material 1263 can upstream advance to adjacent heat in pipe The position of section 1235.Heat section 1235 and host material 1263 can cooperate with forming aerosol generation system as described above.Matrix material Material 1263 can put into practice within the scope of the present invention herein and elsewhere described in the embodiment and other embodiment form structure Make.For example, host material is configured to tobacco bulb matrix material as described above.The section of the pipe of neighbouring heat section 1035 can be at least partly Fill tobacco bulb matrix material.That is, tobacco bulb matrix material can be distributed to positioned at heat 1035 downstreams of section and neighbouring life In the section of the pipe of hot arc 1035, at least partly to fill the pipeline section.So, the pipeline section can be configured to container or capsule to receive cigarette Careless bulb matrix material 1263.Introduce host material during, pipe can arranged perpendicular, make heat section 1235 be located at vertical tube bottom End.So, heat section 1235 can be used for the bottom for clogging pipe.Host material can be introduced in the top of vertical tube and to fill life The pipeline section of the top of hot arc 1235.
Tobacco rod 1269 can be introduced in the downstream of pipe.Tobacco rod can upstream advance in pipe, with positioned at adjacent base The position of material 1263.So, matrix chamber or compartment can pass through heat section 1235, the pipe of packaging material 1264 and tobacco rod 1269 form.Matrix chamber can be found in and be configured described in above-mentioned Fig. 7.Based on the pipe being limited between heat section 1235 and tobacco rod 1269 Interior host material 1263, smoking product component be processed further can maintain host material in pipe when implement.In other words, During the step of being processed further, host material generally can not migrate into packaging material tube or migrate out packaging material Pipe.
Heat section 1235, host material 1263 and/or tobacco rod 1269 can be connected with each other by packaging material tube.Tobacco rod 1269 can help host material 1263 being maintained in packaging material tube for being processed further.In one embodiment, second Tobacco rod, hollow filter or both can be introduced into the downstream of pipe, and upstream advance in pipe with positioned at adjacent cigarette The position of careless rod 1269.Second tobacco rod may include the tobacco rod of multiple (e.g., two or more) identical or different types of tobacco. The length of tobacco rod 1269, the second tobacco rod and/or hollow filter can influence and (e.g., reduce) to be aspirated through aerosol therein Temperature and/or organoleptic properties.In one embodiment, tobacco rod 1269 can have scope to be from about 5mm to about 20mm length Degree.In one embodiment, the second tobacco rod, hollow filter or both can have scope be from about 10mm to about 40mm Length.Therefore, it is the interlude as described in above-mentioned Fig. 7-8 that can form basic configuration.Tobacco rod, hollow tube, and/or mistake filtering element Part can be connected to the downstream of pipe by any mode, to form smoking product as described above.Packaging material tube can be around life At least a portion of at least a portion of hot arc, host material and tobacco rod.The chaff that package material surface can be laminated to can be such as It is upper described around host material.
In another embodiment, tobacco bulb matrix or extruding or other integrated substrates be discussed herein available for replacement The matrix referring to such as Fig. 1 and 2.For example, in one embodiment, Fig. 1 matrix 55 is available to be arranged in matrix intracavitary Tobacco ball or the integrated substrate replacement with one or more internal pod roads and/or one or more exterior grooves.It can make With the perforation filtration members being made including non-cellular acetate material known in the art and within the scope of the present invention now Know the various other filtration members design with other filtration members configuration in future.With tobacco bulb matrix or extruding or other entirety The other parts for the cigarette that matrix is made can be also improved according to state of art, and still real within the scope of the invention Apply.
Embodiment 1-4 --- compound tobacco ball embodiment
In one embodiment, four kinds of compound tobacco bulb matrixs are formed according to method described herein, and they include Following component：
Tobacco composition powder is the mixture of 50% flue-cured tobacco, 30% burley tobaccos and 20% Oriental type tobacco.Cigarette Grass is ground to about 10 microns of particle diameter.Calcium carbonate is precipitated calcium carbonate aggregate (precipitated agglomerated calcium carbonate)。
Embodiment 5-8 --- local flavor compound tobacco ball embodiment
In another embodiment, four kinds of local flavor compound tobacco bulb matrixs are formed according to methods described herein, and they are wrapped Include following component：
Tobacco composition is the mixture of 50% flue-cured tobacco, 30% burley tobaccos and 20% Oriental type tobacco.Tobacco is ground Grind as about 10 microns of particle diameter.Calcium carbonate is precipitated calcium carbonate aggregate.
Adhesive can be added in any of the above described embodiments (e.g., embodiment 1-8 or other any embodiments).Adhesive can be wrapped Include such as CMC, natural gum (e.g., guar gum), xanthans, pulullan polysaccharide or alginate.Adhesive can be based on final mixture Gross weight be preferably added scope from about 0 to about 15%.
The cigarette of the present invention can carry out Dilution air or ventilation, with the amount for the air dilution for being used in Dilution air cigarette It can be about 10% to about 80%.As used in this, term " air dilution " refers to by the suction air of air dilution means Volume by cigarette with being sucked and leaving the ratio between the air of cigarette oral cavity end and the cumulative volume of aerosol (being expressed as percentage). Higher air dilution level can be used to reduce the transfer efficiency that aerosol formation material enters in main flow aerosol.
The preferred embodiment of cigarette of the present invention produces the suction of acceptable number in suction.Under the conditions of standard aspiration When carrying out machine drawn, more than the about 6 times suctions of the commonly provided every cigarette of the cigarette, and it is typically greater than about 8 suctions.In standard When being aspirated under puffing regimenses, the suction of the commonly provided every cigarette of the cigarette less than about 15 times, and be generally less than about 12 times and take out Inhale.Standard aspiration condition by the 35ml of the 2 second time separated of smouldering of 58 seconds aspiration by being constituted.
The aerosol that cigarette of the present invention produces is to include the composition containing air of steam, gas, suspended particulate etc. Aerosol.Aerosol components can from some form of tobacco of burning (and optional burning is with other compositions of heat), pass through Heating tobacco makes tobacco thermally decompose and by making aerosol shape with tobacco (or making tobacco be subjected to some form of smoulder) is burnt Volatilize and produce into agent.So, aerosol can contain volatile component, not exclusively combustion product (e.g., carbon dioxide and water), combustion Burn product and thermal decomposition product.
Aerosol components also can be produced by some form of tobacco of burning (and optional other burning heat components) Heat in the presence of, present position with burning tobacco-containing material and other burnings component there is heat exchange relationship material on Produce.Aerosol components also can act on aerosol segment occurred due to heat section and occur system by aerosol and produce,.One In a little embodiments, each component of aerosol segment occurred has a total composition, and is placed in smoking product so that this A little components have in normal conditions of use does not occur substantially tendency of the thermal decomposition (e.g., due to burning, smouldering or being pyrolyzed).
For illustrating that the accompanying drawing of each embodiment is not necessarily to scale relation.The need for emphasizing, in some accompanying drawings Some details may be exaggerated, and each several part any different quantity or ratio be all not construed as limitation, unless one Item or omnibus claimses are so pointed out.It should be understood by those skilled in the art that herein can without clear and definite embodiment illustrated Implement within the scope of the invention, and the feature described in different embodiments herein can be mutually combined and/or Can be with technical combinations be currently known or exploitation in the future, they are still included in the scope of claim proposed by the present invention Within.Therefore, detailed description above should be regarded as illustrative and not limiting.It is further understood that following claims, including it is all Equivalents, are to be used to limit the spirit and scope of the present invention.
Priority Applications (3)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US13/236,962 US9149072B2 (en)||2010-05-06||2011-09-20||Segmented smoking article with substrate cavity|
|PCT/US2012/051850 WO2013043299A2 (en)||2011-09-20||2012-08-22||Segmented smoking article with substrate cavity|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN103929989A CN103929989A (en)||2014-07-16|
|CN103929989B true CN103929989B (en)||2017-08-29|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201280055319.3A CN103929989B (en)||2010-05-06||2012-08-22||Segmentation smoking product with matrix chamber|
Country Status (6)
|EP (1)||EP2757912A2 (en)|
|JP (1)||JP6008971B2 (en)|
|CN (1)||CN103929989B (en)|
|IN (1)||IN2014CN02160A (en)|
|RU (1)||RU2600296C2 (en)|
|WO (1)||WO2013043299A2 (en)|
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Also Published As
|Publication number||Publication date|
|CN1024997C (en)||The smoking article|
|EP0525347B1 (en)||Carbonaceous composition for fuel elements of smoking articles|
|US5042509A (en)||Method for making aerosol generating cartridge|
|DK166560B1 (en)||smoking articles|
|US5067499A (en)||Smoking article|
|CN1062434C (en)||Fuel element composition adapted for making cigarette products and the fuel element made from same|
|TWI428094B (en)||Distillation-based smoking article|
|RU2102906C1 (en)||Composite fuel element for smoking articles and cigarettes|
|US5105831A (en)||Smoking article with conductive aerosol chamber|
|CA2949516C (en)||Electrically-powered aerosol delivery system|
|KR101434703B1 (en)||Smoking article with concentric hollow core in tobacco rod and capsule containing flavorant and aerosol forming agents in the filter system|
|EP0336457B1 (en)||Smoking article|
|US10531690B2 (en)||Electronic smoking article with improved storage of aerosol precursor compositions|
|EP2328428B1 (en)||Method for preparing fuel element for smoking article|
|US5129409A (en)||Extruded cigarette|
|US4854331A (en)||Smoking article|
|AU624399B2 (en)||Smoking article|
|CA2008436C (en)||Improvements to smoking articles|
|CN1030277C (en)||Cigarette with tobacco/glass fuel wrapper|
|JP5244782B2 (en)||Smoking article|
|US20050274390A1 (en)||Ultra-fine particle catalysts for carbonaceous fuel elements|
|KR20140034859A (en)||Combustible heat source for a smoking article|
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