CN103927850A - Tumble alarm apparatus with master and slave structure - Google Patents

Tumble alarm apparatus with master and slave structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103927850A
CN103927850A CN201410107626.2A CN201410107626A CN103927850A CN 103927850 A CN103927850 A CN 103927850A CN 201410107626 A CN201410107626 A CN 201410107626A CN 103927850 A CN103927850 A CN 103927850A
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China
Prior art keywords
module
slave
human body
alarm
main frame
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CN201410107626.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张自强
马周健
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张自强
马周健
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Priority to CN201410107626.2A priority Critical patent/CN103927850A/en
Publication of CN103927850A publication Critical patent/CN103927850A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • Y02B60/50

Abstract

The invention discloses a tumble alarm apparatus with a master and slave structure. The tumble alarm apparatus can detect whether a human body tumbles and give out an alarm signal for help after the human body tumbles, and can be used indoors and outdoors. The tumble alarm apparatus judges whether the human body is in the tumble state through repeated loop detection of a master machine and slave machines, so that whether the alarm signal for help is given out or not is judged. The master machine is composed of an MCU, a wireless communication module, a GSM/AGPS module, a three-axis acceleration module, a loudspeaker, a sound pickup, an LED, a touch display screen, a power source and a voltage stabilization module. Each slave machine is composed of an MCU, a wireless communication module, a three-axis acceleration module, an infrared module, a power source and a voltage stabilization module. According to an indoor using mode, the two slave machines are placed into two shoes respectively, and the master machine is placed flat. According to an outdoor using mode, the master machine is worn on the waist of the human body, and the two slave machines are placed into the two shoes respectively. The problem that an alarm apparatus gives out a false alarm is solved, power consumption is reduced, whether the human body tumbles or not is automatically detected, a person who tumbles can be accurately positioned, and voice information communication between the person who tumbles and a person who receives the signal for help can be achieved.

Description

A kind of host-guest architecture formula falling alarm
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of human body automatically falls down and autoalarm.Particularly a kind of taking super low power consuming single chip processor (MCU) as core, with GSM(AGPS) communication module, 3-axis acceleration module and wireless communication module etc., accurate judge that human body is whether in falling down state and can realizing the falling alarm of the indoor and outdoor dual-purpose of communicating by letter and locate in the main frame slave mode that combines to realize.
Background technology
Along with the aggravation of social senilization, the elderly's nursing demand is increased day by day, for avoiding old man to lose one's life because falling down, some falling-downing alarm for old peoples have been born.Initial what occur is the indoor use type that volume is very large, needs manual button to trigger, and old man falls down the rear device keys of manually pressing and sends an SOS to realize externally.This alarm is because of function singleness, and volume and weight is large, and need manually push button, can not be in the time falling down automatic alarm and can not outdoor use and do not realize popularization.The company of Xi'an culminant star observing and controlling has afterwards developed a kind of portable falling alarm capable of automatic alarm of outdoor use, fall down and send SMS alarm although can realize automatic detection, Yin Peidai must be parallel to health otherwise easily produce and judge wrong report by accident and can not realize large-scale promotion.The present invention improves on the basis of existing alarm: (1) by change trigger Rule of judgment taking the set angle threshold value that exceedes as trigger condition and trigger condition increase to 3 and solve indoor and outdoor simultaneously and use problem.(2) adopt the mode that a main frame is combined with two slaves to solve the harsh and easy erroneous judgement wrong report of the posture requirement problem of wearing.(3) increase type of alarm to realize the multiple problem of seeking help of can not effectively reporting to the police in real time that solves flexibly of type of alarm.
Summary of the invention
The problem to be solved in the present invention is: (1) existing alarm can not be realized indoor and outdoor and all can report to the police, i.e. indoor use and outdoor portable use are the problems that the present invention will solve.(2) existing alarm can not be realized automatic alarm and maybe can realize automatic alarm but wear posture and require harsh and easy generation erroneous judgement wrong report, is another problem that the present invention will solve.(3) existing alarm equipment alarm mode is single, can not effectively report to the police in real time so that the person of falling down obtains timely relief and can not realize interactive communication with the external world, and location etc., are also the problem to be solved in the present invention.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
Host-guest architecture formula falling alarm is made up of main frame and slave two parts.Host machine part for example, for example, for example, is made up of 3.7v lithium battery, boost module, Voltage stabilizing module, wireless communication module (NRF2401), 3-axis acceleration module (ADXL345), GSM/AGPS module, touch display screen, loudspeaker, LED color lamp, acoustic pickup, super low power consuming single chip processor (MCU) (the MSP430 series of American TI Company).Slave for example, by 3.7v lithium battery, Voltage stabilizing module (TPS63000), NRF2401(wireless communication module), reflective infrared module, 3-axis acceleration module (for example ADXL345), super low power consuming single chip processor (MCU) (the MSP430 series of for example American TI Company) form.
The present invention has indoor and two kinds of patterns of outdoor application.Slave is placed in respectively two footwear, when indoor use, main frame start is lain against to desktop, when outdoor application, is worn on loins by buckle on main frame.
Slave is the power supplies such as MCU, reflective infrared module, wireless communication module, 3-axis acceleration module by 3.7v lithium battery through Voltage stabilizing module.In the time wearing footwear, reflective infrared module receives reflected signal slave and enters duty, otherwise slave do not work, to reduce system power dissipation.In slave, acceleration transducer is used for measuring slave angle signal of living in through algorithm conversion, and cycle detection also judges angular dimension, if angle exceed 45 ° (in the time that people normally walks pin within blink can with ground at an angle, but can not exceed 40 degree) and if exceed the 15s(person of falling down tumble injury and can not stand voluntarily) slave be judged as and fall down, by radio communication, metrical information is sent to main frame and continues and send until slave angle of living in is less than 45 °.
Main frame is host machine part power supply by 3.7v chargeable lithium cell, and 3.7v lithium battery is the power supplies such as MCU, wireless communication module, 3-axis acceleration module through Voltage stabilizing module, is the power supplies such as GSM/AGPS module, touch display screen through boost module.In main frame, 3-axis acceleration module, for measuring main frame angle of living in after algorithm conversion, also exceedes 45 ° of trigger alarms after MCU express analysis is processed if main frame receives metrical information while main frame self angle of two slaves.First LED irradiancy of colored light, loudspeaker sounding carry out onsite alarming to obtain people around's attention and relief, main frame is automatically dialed 120(number by GSM/AGPS module and can be set voluntarily in addition), then main frame can send locating short message to family members' mobile phone (position-location application has been installed), its content is the longitude and latitude of the person of falling down present position, the map interface of family members' mobile phone when receiving locating short message (position-location application has been installed) automatic spring person of falling down position, meanwhile main frame is put through family members' mobile phone and family members contact.Family members' cell-phone number is self-defined setting, can arrange multiple, if system is judged as and falls down circulation and dial multiple numbers until the person of falling down obtains relief.
Main frame is provided with a key warning function button and in emergency circumstances seeks help for user in addition, uses and type of alarm is: press next key warning function button, main frame LED color lamp and loudspeaker start to report to the police and put through the number that user set in advance simultaneously.
In addition user can exit or enter warning duty by the button on touch display screen on main frame, and while exiting, main frame can do mobile phone communication and uses and put through number by button on touch display screen and converse.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: on the basis of (1) existing detectors, three acceleration sensor module are increased altogether, the state of falling down is converted to angle, and this can measuring amount, make alarm human body state automatically, realized and fallen down state automatic alarm, making to report to the police becomes reliable in real time.The situation that there will not be traditional alert device artificially cannot trigger in time and can not report to the police.(2) after the drawback single with reference to existing alarm arrangement, be modified as host-guest architecture pattern, make rate of false alarm almost nil, warning is sought help more reliable, and host-guest architecture is relatively free to wearing posture requirement in addition, makes to wear and use more flexible.(3) can not indoor and outdoor dual-purpose due to existing alarm, for this problem, adopted slave be arranged in footwear, all make alarm enter duty no matter user gets on one's shoes in indoor and outdoor, solved can not indoor and outdoor dual-purpose problem.(4) due to existing alarm equipment alarm function singleness, not prompt enough reliable.Therefore we have increased type of alarm, have adopted the modes such as on-the-spot sound and light alarm, 120 is sought help, note positioning combination map is located, automatic circulation dialling is sought help, and make warning reliable in time, and while helping user to fall down, in the very first time, acquisition is succoured.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is system construction drawing of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is system host software block diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is system slave software block diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is system program flowchart of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described.
The present invention is host-guest architecture formula falling alarm.Be illustrated in figure 1 system construction drawing of the present invention, the signal that comprises each hardware module that host machine part is used and intermodule flows to, and is mainly made up of lithium battery, Voltage stabilizing module, 3-axis acceleration module, wireless communication module, GSM/AGPS module, acoustic pickup, loudspeaker, button, touch display screen and LED color lamp and MCU1, MCU1 is that host computer control chip is for analyzing and the signal of processing host and slave the course of work of control system, 3-axis acceleration module 1 is for detection of main frame angle signal of living in, wireless communication module 1, wireless communication module 2, wireless communication module 3 is for Host Process Module and slave processing module 1, communication between slave processing module 2, utilize GSM/AGPS to realize with extraneous and communicating by letter with acoustic pickup and loudspeaker, GSM/AGPS module is also for reporting to the police time location in addition, LED and loudspeaker are for sound and light alarm, touch display screen is selected for man-machine interaction and function, one key warning button is pressed can realize between main frame and special object and is communicated by letter, host power supply module (comprising Voltage stabilizing module) is host machine part power supply.The signal that has comprised in addition each hardware module that slave part is used and intermodule flows to, mainly by lithium battery, Voltage stabilizing module, 3-axis acceleration module, wireless communication module, MCU and reflective infrared module; In slave processing module reflective infrared module by detection of reflected infrared signal have or not judge whether slave is in use, if in the slave processing module work of use state, if not in use state slave processing module quit work, thereby reduce power consumption; In slave processing module, 3-axis acceleration module is for detection of slave angle signal of living in, and MCU is for controlling the work of whole slave processing module and coordinating the course of work of each hardware module and the signal detecting is sent to Host Process Module by wireless communication module; Power module (comprising Voltage stabilizing module) is used for as the power supply of slave part.
Fig. 2 is system host software block diagram, and the subroutine of host machine part has gsm communication and finder, touch demonstration and running program, a key warning function program, accelerometer program, radio communication program, sound and light alarm program.Thereby above subroutine realizes systemic-function by main frame master routine unified call.
Fig. 3 is system slave software block diagram, and slave master routine is realized the detection of slave infrared signal and angle signal by call subroutine accelerometer program, infrared detection program and radio communication program, and analysis processing result is sent to main frame.
Fig. 4 is system program flowchart, is the workflow of the needed condition of trigger alarm in whole system and main frame and two slaves.Two slaves and main frame start, after system initialization, start working, whether two slaves first constantly cycle detection have infrared signal, if there is the infrared signal angle information that recycle detects slave status to judge whether to reach time requirement simultaneously, reach time requirement and send slave signal after treatment to main frame, whether report to the police with decision if main frame selects " warnings " function to detect self angle signal in the time receiving slave signal.
The course of work of system of the present invention is: open respectively the power switch of main frame and slave, carry out function selection by main frame touch display screen.Select after " warning " function, system enters " warning " duty, the reflective infrared module that is placed in respectively two slaves of two footwear detects respectively whether have reflected signal, if there is reflected signal to represent that user is using native system, 3-axis acceleration module in main frame and two slaves circulates respectively and repeatedly detects user's angle of living in and whether exceed 45 °, first, if two slaves all exceed 45 ° and time and exceed 15s, be judged as that user falls down and cannot stand voluntarily, now two slaves send to main frame by signal by wireless communication module; If no reflection events signal represents that user does not use, slave do not enter duty and in holding state with reduce power consumption.Receive when main frame the angle that two slave signals and self 3-axis acceleration module detect and also exceed 45 °, now think falling over of human body, host-initiated sound and light of alarm, puts through immediately the alarm number of prior setting and 1. seeks help.Sending content to the alarm number of prior setting mobile phone (position-location application has been installed) 2. is afterwards the note of the person's of falling down latitude and longitude information of living in, alarm number 2. mobile phone is received after note the map page that can the automatic spring person of falling down position, and main frame can automatically be dialed alarm number and 2. seeks help simultaneously.Then main frame can circulate dial prior setting number (can arrange multiple) until the person of falling down succoured.In addition, user also can be by pressing in the time not falling down state " key is reported to the police " function button, obtain help, the assigned number that now main frame can start sound and light alarm and put through prior setting asks for help.If press on touch display screen " mobile phone " function button system exit " warning " functional status, enter cell-phone function state, can put through number by the button on touch display screen and realize call.

Claims (3)

1. a host-guest architecture formula falling alarm, main frame is made up of MCU, wireless communication module, GSM/AGPS module, 3-axis acceleration module, loudspeaker, acoustic pickup, LED, touch display screen, power supply and Voltage stabilizing module; Slave is made up of MCU, wireless communication module, acceleration module, infrared module, power supply and Voltage stabilizing module; It is characterized in that: formed by main frame and slave two parts, the angle signal of the human body status detecting by slave and Host Detection to the angle signal of human body status judge that whether human body is in falling down state, and send emergency and alerting signal to the external world at the state of falling down.
2. host-guest architecture formula falling alarm according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: two slaves are placed in respectively two footwear, if slave enters duty when the reflective infrared module of two slaves detects reflected signal respectively, then the 3-axis acceleration sensor of two slaves circulates respectively and repeatedly detects the angle information of human body status, and will detect separately that by two slaves wireless communication module separately angle signal constantly sends to main frame; If the reflective infrared module of two slaves do not detect reflected signal slave do not work, represent human body do not wear footwear, slave in holding state with reduce power consumption.
3. according to the host-guest architecture formula falling alarm described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the angle information that two received slaves of the angle information of human body status detecting when the acceleration transducer in main frame and the wireless communication module of main frame detect all exceedes 45 ° and while exceeding 15s, judge that human body is in falling down state, then main frame LED is glittering, loudspeaker starts to report to the police, the alarm call warning that GSM/AGPS in main frame is controlled by MCU automatic poking interpreter is first set is cried for help, subsequently the latitude and longitude information of the person of falling down position is sent to the emergency number of prior setting and automatically goes up at addressee's mobile phone (position-location application has been installed) map interface that shows the person of falling down position according to short message content with note form, circulation is afterwards dialed the emergency number (the multiple numbers that can set) of prior setting until obtain relief, if think that lower than 15s human body stands voluntarily not in falling down state, equipment is not reported to the police, can put through arbitrary numbers realization call by touch display screen in addition and do cell-phone function use, start sound and light alarm and equipment and put through the assigned number of setting and seek help when user presses next key warning function button.
CN201410107626.2A 2014-03-22 2014-03-22 Tumble alarm apparatus with master and slave structure Pending CN103927850A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410107626.2A CN103927850A (en) 2014-03-22 2014-03-22 Tumble alarm apparatus with master and slave structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410107626.2A CN103927850A (en) 2014-03-22 2014-03-22 Tumble alarm apparatus with master and slave structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103927850A true CN103927850A (en) 2014-07-16

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104282115A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-14 陶帅 Tumbling detection alarming insole and method based on tilt angle sensors
CN104306001A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-01-28 广东惠利普路桥信息工程有限公司 Outdoor monitoring system
CN104851240A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-08-19 深圳大学 Tumble automatic alarm and alarm method thereof
CN106955110A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-07-18 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of night is used for the device for nursing the elderly

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104282115A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-14 陶帅 Tumbling detection alarming insole and method based on tilt angle sensors
CN104306001A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-01-28 广东惠利普路桥信息工程有限公司 Outdoor monitoring system
CN104851240A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-08-19 深圳大学 Tumble automatic alarm and alarm method thereof
CN106955110A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-07-18 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of night is used for the device for nursing the elderly

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Application publication date: 20140716