CN103926613A - Three-in-one multifunctional intelligent card - Google Patents

Three-in-one multifunctional intelligent card Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103926613A
CN103926613A CN201410163780.1A CN201410163780A CN103926613A CN 103926613 A CN103926613 A CN 103926613A CN 201410163780 A CN201410163780 A CN 201410163780A CN 103926613 A CN103926613 A CN 103926613A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
multifunctional intelligent
controller
intelligent cards
gyroscope
wireless communication
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410163780.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚薇
Original Assignee
上海旭薇物联网科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 上海旭薇物联网科技有限公司 filed Critical 上海旭薇物联网科技有限公司
Priority to CN201410163780.1A priority Critical patent/CN103926613A/en
Publication of CN103926613A publication Critical patent/CN103926613A/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/14Receivers specially adapted for specific applications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/38Determining a navigation solution using signals transmitted by a satellite radio beacon positioning system
    • G01S19/39Determining a navigation solution using signals transmitted by a satellite radio beacon positioning system the satellite radio beacon positioning system transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/42Determining position
    • G01S19/48Determining position by combining or switching between position solutions derived from the satellite radio beacon positioning system and position solutions derived from a further system
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/04Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to non-activity, e.g. of elderly persons
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/01Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium
    • G08B25/10Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium using wireless transmission systems

Abstract

The invention relates to a three-in-one multifunctional intelligent card which is of a modular structure. The three-in-one multifunctional intelligent card is characterized in that the intelligent card comprises a card body, a battery, a GPS module, a controller, an rfid chip, a wireless communication module, an acceleration sensor and a gyroscope. The battery, the GPS module, the controller, the rfid chip, the wireless communication module, the acceleration sensor and the gyroscope are arranged in the card body. The GPS module, the rfid chip, the wireless communication module, the acceleration sensor and the gyroscope are connected with the controller. The GPS module is used for outdoor locating. The rfid chip is used for indoor locating and providing near-field coupling radio frequency to achieve mess hall, entrance guard and attendance checking functions. The wireless communication module is used for communication with a management system and auxiliary locating. The acceleration sensor and the gyroscope are used for judging a carrier posture and a motion state. Compared with the prior art, the three-in-one multifunctional intelligent card has the advantages that functions are various, intelligence and energy saving are saved, carrying is convenient, and environment is protected.

Description

A kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of smart card, especially relate to a kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards.

Background technology

Along with the development of infotech, common near-field coupling radio-frequency card can not meet the requirement of some special industries, and these industries often need to carry out indoor and outdoor location.But this needs multiple smart cards to realize based on existing technology, therefore staff needs to carry two to three sheet smart cards at ordinary times, and this is obviously very inconvenient.The present invention designs and has researched and developed the electronic tag that a kind of GPS of support, indoor rfid locate and multimode information is obtained, and location, position, motion monitoring is provided, falls down the functions such as detection, consumption and the storage of medical care information.Solve the gordian techniquies such as low-power consumption management, the scheduling of self-adaptation multimode.The miniature electronic tag of the features such as standby when realization has portable mobile, length, interior outside fix, realize the wisdom monitoring of the elderly colony, set up 1 level home for destitute, cover positioning label management system Bing district and carry out Demonstration Application, meet the communications protocol of the standard JT/T808-2011 of Ministry of Communications " road transport vehicle global position system-terminal called agreement and data layout " simultaneously.

Summary of the invention

Object of the present invention is exactly to provide a kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards of supporting indoor and outdoor location, dining room gate inhibition and dropping to detection in order to overcome the defect that above-mentioned prior art exists.

Object of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:

A kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards, this intelligent cards is modular construction, this intelligent cards comprises card and is all located at battery, GPS module, controller, rfid chip, wireless communication module, acceleration transducer and the gyroscope in card, and described GPS module, rfid chip, wireless communication module, acceleration transducer and gyroscope are connected with controller respectively;

Described GPS module is for GPS outdoor positioning, described rfid chip is for indoor positioning and provide near-field coupling radio frequency to realize dining room, gate inhibition, attendance checking function, described acceleration transducer and gyroscope are used for judging carrier's posture and motion state, described wireless communication module for and and communication and auxiliary positioning, the work of described controller control modules.

Described smart card outdoor positioning precision is 20 meters, and indoor position accuracy is 2 meters, and the position update cycle is 5 seconds, and described controller (5) is controlled smart card positioning service and carried out indoor and outdoor seamless switching.

Described line communication module is supported mobile data service and WIFI network.

Described controller degree of will speed up sensor and gyroscope by the data that record by with storer in fall down waveform library contrast after judge whether to fall down.

Described management system is upgraded falling down waveform library by controller.

After the described situation of falling occurs, acceleration transducer coordinates GPS module and GPRS module that this situation of falling down is positioned and reported to the police.

Described gyroscope judges the method for the various motion states such as dynamic and static of moving target, regulates the frequency of operation such as satnav, communications, thereby saves the consumption of battery, the ability that equipment is possessed work long hours.Energy consumption reduces can reduce the volume that takies of battery, thereby makes the volume of locator card under the prerequisite of identical work duration less.

Described card surface is provided with SOS button, status indicator lamp and Mini USB interface, and three is all connected with controller.

Described SOS button is called out for smart card switch and a key, and long pressing is that a key is called out, short pressing as controlling smart card switch.

Described status indicator lamp is used to indicate smart card duty.

Described Mini USB interface is for setting up wired connection and charging with outside.

Described smart card working temperature is-35 to 85 degrees Celsius, and working relative humidity is that 5% to 95% nothing is condensed.

Described smart card full-size 50*50*5 millimeter.

Described battery is this smart card power supply, operating voltage is 5~48V/DC, charging voltage is DC4.2-5.5V/400mA (Mini USB), chargeable replaceable internal cell 680mAh (3.7V), maximum power dissipation is 0.48W, stand-by time 1 month, continuously 1 week normal working hours.

Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

1) integrate GPS and RFID location technology, merge the functions such as location, detection, payment, warning, multimedia information storage.

2) break through the seamless location of indoor and outdoor bottleneck, support multimode adaptive location module schedules.

3) integrated micro controller, realizes the low-power consumption management of system, utilizes microcontroller implementation to fall down detection.4)

4) feature richness, intelligent power saving, easy to carry, environmental protection.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is inner structure schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is schematic appearance of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is for falling down testing stand composition;

Wherein: 1, card; 2, Mini USB interface; 3, battery; 4, GPS module; 5, controller; 6, rfid chip; 7, wireless communication module; 8, SOS button; 9, status indicator lamp; 10, acceleration transducer; 11, gyroscope; 12, matching identification algorithm; 13, fall down waveform library.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in detail.The present embodiment is implemented as prerequisite taking technical solution of the present invention, provided detailed embodiment and concrete operating process, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following embodiment.

A kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards is structural representation of the present invention as depicted in figs. 1 and 2.This sentences old man nurse and introduces this three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards for example.

Positioning service: point of addition service is mainly in order to facilitate the managerial personnel of school and old man family members to know old man's current location information in endowment people cluster management system.It has comprised indoor location and outdoor location service two parts.In the time that family members or keeper want to find the specific old man in system due to routine matter or accident, can conveniently realize by indoor and outdoor location-based service.

The old man who carries three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards walks about in the indoor range of laying read write line, after rfid chip 6 is read by read write line, read write line sends to supervisory control comuter by locator data by wireless data acquisition terminal, supervisory control comuter is processed data, determine the position at old man place, in database, itself and old man's information are bound, old man's position is labeled on the planimetric map of designated floor information by the mode of icon simultaneously.After old man's shift in position, its picture mark position also can be followed variation, thereby realizes real-time indoor positioning.

GPS module 4 that three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards that old man carries is inner integrated, walk out when indoor old man, its mode of operation is converted to outdoor pattern by indoor mode self-adaptation, GPS module 4 is activated, the latitude and longitude information at old man place is sent it back management system by the wireless communication module that passes through three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards 7 of timing, finally on map, marks.

Self-adaptation multimode scheduling: the method that proposes gyroscope 11 and judge the various motion states such as dynamic and static of moving target (being the carrier of card), regulate the frequency of operation such as satnav, communications, thereby save the consumption of battery, the ability that equipment is possessed work long hours.Energy consumption reduces can reduce the volume that takies of battery, thereby makes the volume of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards under the prerequisite of identical work duration less.

Fall down detection: as shown in Figure 3,3-axis acceleration sensor 10 can be used in fall detection, the ultimate principle of fall detection is the variation that the acceleration change of three orthogonal directionss of individuality in motion process of wearing this intelligent cards by measurement is carried out its body posture of perception, and judges this individuality situation of whether falling by Algorithm Analysis.In the time that individuality is fallen, sensor can coordinate GPS module 4 and wireless communication module 7 that this situation is positioned and reported to the police, to obtain corresponding relief.

By analyzing the sport biomechanics characteristic of falling over of human body action process, specify on human body metastomium as the characteristic portion of falling down process Study of recognition parameter extraction, and the angle change of having selected accordingly to fall down upper trunk acceleration change in process and having departed from vertical direction is as detecting and the characteristic information amount of prediction falling over of human body.Adopt support vector machine method to the upper trunk resultant acceleration (vector sums of three orthogonal directions acceleration) in falling over of human body motion process and in other daily life action process and depart from the angle of inclination classification of vertical direction, using resultant acceleration on optimal classification interface and the inclination angle value threshold information as falling over of human body detection method.Analyze resultant acceleration threshold value, inclination angle threshold value and fall down the time relationship of process, propose falling over of human body detection algorithm based on 3-axis acceleration and two axis angular rate sensors and the falling over of human body detection algorithm based on 3-axis acceleration sensor.

Claims (9)

1. a three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards, this intelligent cards is modular construction, it is characterized in that, this intelligent cards comprises card (1) and is all located at the battery (3) in card (1), GPS module (4), controller (5), rfid chip (6), wireless communication module (7), acceleration transducer (10) and gyroscope (11), described GPS module (4), rfid chip (6), wireless communication module (7), acceleration transducer (10) is connected with controller (5) respectively with gyroscope (11),
Described GPS module (4) is for outdoor positioning, described rfid chip (6) is for indoor positioning and provide near-field coupling radio frequency to realize dining room, gate inhibition, attendance checking function, described acceleration transducer (10) and gyroscope (11) are for judging carrier's posture and motion state, described wireless communication module (7) for communication and auxiliary positioning, described controller (5) is controlled modules work.
2. a kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described smart card outdoor positioning precision is 20 meters, indoor position accuracy is 2 meters, the position update cycle is 5 seconds, and described controller (5) is controlled smart card positioning service and carried out indoor and outdoor seamless switching.
3. a kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described wireless communication module (7) is supported mobile network and WIFI network.
4. a kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described controller (5) degree of will speed up sensor (10) and gyroscope (11) by the data that record by with storer in fall down waveform library (13) contrast after judge whether to fall down; Described management system is upgraded falling down waveform library (13) by controller (5).
5. a kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, after the described situation of falling occurs, acceleration transducer (10) coordinates GPS module (4), wireless communication module (7) that this situation of falling down is positioned and reported to the police.
6. a kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described gyroscope (11) judges the method for the various motion states such as dynamic and static of moving target, regulates the frequency of operation such as satnav, communications.
7. a kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described card (1) surface is provided with SOS button (8), status indicator lamp (9) and Mini USB interface (2), and three is all connected with controller (5);
Described SOS button (8) is called out for smart card switch and a key;
Described status indicator lamp (9) is used to indicate smart card duty;
Described Mini USB interface (2) is for setting up wired connection and charging with outside.
8. a kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described smart card working temperature is-35 to 85 degrees Celsius.
9. a kind of three-in-one multifunctional intelligent cards according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described smart card working relative humidity is 5% to 95%.
CN201410163780.1A 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 Three-in-one multifunctional intelligent card CN103926613A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (9)

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CN104295319A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-21 志勤高科(北京)技术有限公司 Nuclear power station worker positioning card
CN104318440A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-01-28 苏州海博智能系统有限公司 IC card
CN104867219A (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-08-26 王振铎 Non-contact environment-friendly coded lock
CN105549430A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-05-04 苏州海博智能系统有限公司 Intelligent card used for controlling motion of rotary screen and rotary screen control system
CN105549059A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-05-04 菏泽学院 Indoor and outdoor positioning system with automatic switching function
CN106249266A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-21 安徽美图信息科技有限公司 A kind of personnel location system combined with indoor positioning based on the Big Dipper
CN106557681A (en) * 2015-09-24 2017-04-05 国民技术股份有限公司 A kind of safety intelligent card and its using method
CN108039024A (en) * 2017-12-10 2018-05-15 谭希韬 Vertical ground identification sensor and application method are hung in a kind of NFC financial payments
CN110139213B (en) * 2019-05-17 2020-08-25 云教(北京)科技有限公司 Dual-mode positioning system based on wristband and implementation method

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104295319A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-21 志勤高科(北京)技术有限公司 Nuclear power station worker positioning card
CN104318440A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-01-28 苏州海博智能系统有限公司 IC card
CN104867219A (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-08-26 王振铎 Non-contact environment-friendly coded lock
CN106557681A (en) * 2015-09-24 2017-04-05 国民技术股份有限公司 A kind of safety intelligent card and its using method
CN105549430A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-05-04 苏州海博智能系统有限公司 Intelligent card used for controlling motion of rotary screen and rotary screen control system
CN105549059A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-05-04 菏泽学院 Indoor and outdoor positioning system with automatic switching function
CN105549059B (en) * 2015-12-09 2019-03-22 菏泽学院 A kind of indoor and outdoor positioning system with automatic switching function
CN106249266A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-21 安徽美图信息科技有限公司 A kind of personnel location system combined with indoor positioning based on the Big Dipper
CN108039024A (en) * 2017-12-10 2018-05-15 谭希韬 Vertical ground identification sensor and application method are hung in a kind of NFC financial payments
CN110139213B (en) * 2019-05-17 2020-08-25 云教(北京)科技有限公司 Dual-mode positioning system based on wristband and implementation method

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