CN103924757B - There is suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

There is suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103924757B
CN103924757B CN201410109582.7A CN201410109582A CN103924757B CN 103924757 B CN103924757 B CN 103924757B CN 201410109582 A CN201410109582 A CN 201410109582A CN 103924757 B CN103924757 B CN 103924757B
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conditioning
parts
layer
air
phase
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CN103924757A (en
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李晓军
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Shandong Lumeng low carbon technology research Co., Ltd
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YANTAI SITANPU FINE CONSTRUCTION Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function, include heat insulation noise abatement layer (1), conditioning layer (2) and the air purification layer (3) being fixed together the most successively, wherein, described heat insulation noise abatement layer (1) is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, described conditioning layer (2) is phase-change material, and described air purification layer (3) is diatom ooze.The present invention passes through factorial praluction, by have fire prevention, insulation, sound insulation noise abatement foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate with there is the phase-change material of conditioning function and there is the diatom soil phase of air-cleaning function be combined, make environmental functional ceiling, it is achieved the use function and service of green building material, construction and installation component and building system are integrated.

Description

There is suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plate construction and preparation method thereof, particularly relate to one and there is conditioning and air-cleaning function Suspended ceiling and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Modern architecture develops to high level, it is desirable to building enclosure used is light material.But conventional lightweight material thermal capacitance is less, along with The day and night temperature of environment temperature, fluctuations in indoor temperature is bigger.This not only causes indoor thermal environment uncomfortable, but also increases warmer And air conditioner load, cause building energy consumption to rise.Building both domestic and external and material supply section scholar are attempt to utilize phase-change material with temperature Change and change form and be provided that the substance characteristics of latent heat is to improve the thermal capacitance performance of construction material.
Phase-change material (PCM) is the class material utilizing material phase transition process to realize cold heat storage and release.Phase-change material is by solid-state Becoming liquid or become the process of solid-state from liquid and be referred to as phase transition process, at this moment phase-change material by absorption or discharges substantial amounts of latent heat. It effectively alleviates fluctuations in indoor temperature by the self-control mode of " peak load shifting ", reduces air-conditioning or floor heating load, it is achieved Building energy conservation.Latent heat storage material is the material having within the temperature range of conducting heat and having phase transformation.Latent heat storage material Preferably in-20 to 120 DEG C of temperature ranges, there is solid-liquid phase transformation.Latent heat storage material is the most organic, preferably lipophilic substance.
Phase-changing energy-storing building materials is applied to the research of building materials and starts from nineteen eighty-two, Sunpower Corp. of USDOE initiate.20 The technology that the nineties in century processes construction material (such as plasterboard, wallboard and concrete component etc.) with PCM grows up.With After, PCM research in the construction material such as concrete test block, gypsum wallboard and application are the most in the ascendant.Phase-transition heat-preserving material There is in building energy conservation application prospect widely.It may be used for body of wall, roof construction, it is also possible to as the most adjustable Parts.Domestic construction certain esbablished corporation energy-conservation is successfully by the Emulsification of Paraffin of different labels, the most by a certain percentage with special gelatin Powder, water, granular polystyrene lightweight aggregate mix, and are configured to have concurrently the phase-transition heat-storage that can be used for construction wall ectonexine of accumulation of heat and insulation Slurry.Simultaneously at the also product such as phase transition mortar, phase transformation putty of exploitation.But this type of technology and material all need by wet trade side Formula at the scene by phase-change material plaster by hand in interior and exterior wall, take a lot of work laborious, pollute environment and also have a strong impact on product quality, It is difficult to reach design standard.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention be to provide a kind of simple in construction, low cost, preparation method easy there is conditioning Suspended ceiling with air-cleaning function.
A kind of suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function, include the most successively being fixed together heat insulation subtracts Making an uproar layer, conditioning layer and air purification layer, wherein, described heat insulation noise abatement layer is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, described conditioning Layer is phase-change material, and described air purification layer is diatom ooze.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, wherein said conditioning layer is coated in On described heat insulation noise abatement layer, described air purification layer is coated on described conditioning layer.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, wherein said suspended ceiling a size of: Thickness is 12~32mm, long a width of 300 × 300mm, 400 × 400mm, 500 × 500mm, 600 × 600mm, 800 × 800mm, 1200 × 600mm or 1200 × 2400mm;Described conditioning layer thickness is 2~5mm;Described air cleaning layer thickness is 2~4mm.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, wherein said phase-change material is that phase transformation is soft Property putty, it is made up of the water that weight ratio is 0.3~0.4:1 and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash, described phase transformation flexible putty dry powder Material is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 30 parts;
Talcum powder: 20 parts;
Coarse whiting: 32.2 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 3.5~5.5 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 10 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 0.8 part;
Viscosity is the cellulose ether of 100,000: 0.7 part;
Polypropylene fibre: 0.8 part;
Wherein, phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and it is by the capsule formed more than the latent heat storage material of 95 weight % The cyst wall composition of core and polymer composition, described capsule-core is 50~95:5~50 with the weight ratio of described cyst wall;
The fiber type of described polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, and proportion is 0.91, tensile strength > 358Mpa, fibre diameter is 18-48 μm, fusing point > 165 DEG C, elastic modelling quantity > 3.5Gpa, ultimate tensile > 15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm Or 19mm.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, wherein: described capsule-core and described cyst wall Weight ratio be 70~93:7~30, transformation temperature is 23 DEG C, and latent heat is 204J/g.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, wherein said diatom ooze by weight ratio is The water of 0.2~0.5:1 forms with diatom ooze dry mash, and described diatom ooze dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
One-level calcined diatomite: 30~42 parts;
Diatomite Ceramsite: 5~12 parts;
Kaolin: 4~10 parts;
Atlapulgite: 5~9 parts;
Bentonite: 3~11 parts;
Zeolite powder: 4~6 parts;
Calcium carbonate: 3~5 parts;
Algin: 0.5-3 part;
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether: 0.5-2 part;
Wherein, the fineness of described one-level calcined diatomite is 300-1500 mesh, described kaolin, described atlapulgite and described swollen The fineness of profit soil is less than 0.55mm, described zeolite powder and described calcium carbonate less than 2000 mesh, the particle diameter of described Diatomite Ceramsite Fineness is less than 800 mesh.
The preparation method of a kind of suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function, comprises the steps:
Step one, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer: by the manufactured foam a width of 1220 × 2440mm of micro-crystalline ceramic cut growth, The sheet material of 1200 × 600mm or 800 × 600mm, working process of being polished in its surface and corner, it is ensured that upper surface is smooth, level Error under ±2 mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, external corner Founder error under ±2 mm, remove the attachments such as the floating ash of plate surface;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating: preparation phase transformation flexible putty, with mechanical scraper at the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate prepared Upper surface is directly criticized and is smeared the described phase transformation flexible putty 2 of the paste mixed~3 times, and thickness is 2~5mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer: prepare diatom ooze, direct by mechanical scraper on described conditioning layer upper surface Criticizing and smear the paste diatom ooze 2~3 times mixed, thickness is 2~4mm;After material surface drying, make various machine by machine-made die Reason or plane stamp, the mode air-dried finally by machinery, standby after making diatom ooze be completely dried solidification;
Step 4, prepare final products: appearance is coated with phase-change material and diatomaceous foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate is cut by machinery Being slit into thickness is 12mm~32mm, long a width of 300 × 300mm, 400 × 400mm, 500 × 500mm, 600 × 600mm, The sheet material of 800 × 800mm, 1200 × 600mm or 1200 × 2400mm, obtains product.
The preparation method of the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, wherein said phase transformation is soft The preparation method of property putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is weighed one by one;Being weighed by the water being used for mix, water is flexible with phase transformation The weight ratio of dry powder putty material is 0.3~0.4;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre are pressed Order input mixer successively disperses 20~30 minutes with the rotating speed of 800 revs/min;
(3) talcum powder is poured slowly in mixer with existing material with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds dispersions 15 minutes;
(4) finally it is added step-wise to white cement and coarse whiting in mixer mix with existing material, with 1200 revs/min of stirrings point Dissipating 15 minutes, until slurry is by the paste of mix uniformly thickness, discharging barrelling is standby.
The preparation method of the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, wherein said diatom ooze Preparation method comprise the steps:
(1) each component in diatom ooze dry mash is weighed one by one, the water being used for mix is weighed, water and diatom ooze dry mash Weight ratio is 0.2~0.5;
(2) water, algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are put into the most successively in mixer with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds Dispersed with stirring 20~30 minutes, make algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether full and uniform dispersion in water;
(3) diatomite, kaolin, atlapulgite and bentonite are poured slowly in mixer uniformly mix with existing material middling speed;
(4) finally Diatomite Ceramsite, zeolite powder and calcium carbonate are gradually added in mixer and mix, by 1200 turns with existing material / minute dispersed with stirring stirs 20~30 minutes, until slurry is by the paste of mix uniformly thickness, discharging barrelling is standby.
Environmental functional suspended ceiling difference from prior art of the present invention is:
Environmental functional suspended ceiling of the present invention have employed the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate with sound insulation noise reduction function and has The mode that the functional material such as conditioning and material for air purification combines, defines the ceiling with environmental functional, has work Factory department's product, construction assemblingization, high temperature of fire fire-retardant fireproof, insulation, sound insulation noise abatement, conditioning and air cleaning etc. The advantage of multi-functional Composite.The present invention pass through factorial praluction, by have fire prevention, insulation, sound insulation noise abatement foam micro- Brilliant ceramic wafer is combined with the diatom soil phase of the phase-change material and air-cleaning function with conditioning function, makes environmental functional Ceiling, it is achieved the use function and service of green building material, construction and installation component and building system are integrated.
The described foam micro-crystalline ceramic used in environmental functional suspended ceiling of the present invention is processed into by foam micro-crystalline ceramic, bubble Foam micro-crystalline ceramic, with industrial tailings waste residues such as cullet, flyash, gangues as raw material, adds foaming agent, nucleator and outer Add agent etc., mix formation batch after crushed, then batch is put in special grinding tool, put in electric furnace and heat, Through the novel porous micro-crystalline ceramic materials for wall that the techniques such as preheating, melted, foaming, crystallization, annealing are made.Described foam is micro- The technical parameter of brilliant pottery is: proportion: 0.1~0.6, unit weight: 767~1076kg/m3, thermal conductivity factor :≤0.029w/m k, inhales Water rate: 5~20Vol%, compression strength: 9~18MPa, rupture strength: 5.6~19MPa:, high-temperature capability: 740~800MPa, Refractoriness: > 100, fire protecting performance reaches country's " A " grade standard, energy acid resistance: 0.08~5.0, alkali resistance: 0.05~0.8, resists Freezing property: 0.03~0.38, the most fluorine-containing chlorination charcoal and hydrogen fluorine chloric acid.
Phase-change material (PCM-Phase Change Material) refers to vary with temperature and change physical property and be provided that latent heat Material.Diatomite is a kind of natural material, without harmful chemical, except have do not fire, sound insulation, waterproof, lightweight with And outside the feature such as heat insulation, also have dehumidifying, damping, deodorizing, purifying the air of a room etc. acts on, the environment-friendly type indoor being excellent are exterior Repair material.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the environmental functional suspended ceiling of the present invention is described further.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of environmental functional suspended ceiling of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
As it is shown in figure 1, environmental functional suspended ceiling of the present invention include the most successively being fixed together heat insulation noise abatement layer 1, Conditioning layer 2 and air purification layer 3, wherein, heat insulation noise abatement layer 1 is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, and conditioning layer 2 is phase Becoming material, air purification layer 3 is diatom ooze.Conditioning layer 2 is coated on heat insulation noise abatement layer 1, and air purification layer 3 coats On conditioning layer 2.
Suspended ceiling is a size of: thickness is 12mm, long a width of 300 × 300mm;Conditioning layer 2 thickness is 2mm;Empty Gas purifying layer 3 thickness is 2mm.
Phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, and it is made up of with phase transformation flexible putty dry mash the water that weight ratio is 0.3:1, phase transformation Flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 30 parts;
Talcum powder: 20 parts;
Coarse whiting: 32.2 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 3.5 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 10 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 0.8 part;
Viscosity is the cellulose ether of 100,000: 0.7 part;
Polypropylene fibre: 0.8 part;
Wherein, phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and it is by the capsule-core formed more than the latent heat storage material of 95 weight % With the cyst wall composition of polymer composition, capsule-core is 50:5 with the weight ratio of cyst wall;
The fiber type of polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, and proportion is 0.91, tensile strength > 358Mpa, fibre diameter is 18-48 μm, fusing point > 165 DEG C, elastic modelling quantity > 3.5Gpa, ultimate tensile > 15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm or 19mm.
Diatom ooze is made up of with diatom ooze dry mash the water that weight ratio is 0.2:1, and diatom ooze dry mash is former by following parts by weight Material is prepared from:
One-level calcined diatomite: 30 parts;
Diatomite Ceramsite: 12 parts;
Kaolin: 4 parts;
Atlapulgite: 9 parts;
Bentonite: 3 parts;
Zeolite powder: 6 parts;
Calcium carbonate: 3 parts;
Algin: 3 parts;
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether: 0.5 part;
Wherein, the fineness of one-level calcined diatomite is 1500 mesh, and kaolin, atlapulgite and bentonitic fineness are less than 2000 Mesh, the particle diameter of Diatomite Ceramsite is less than 0.55mm, and the fineness of zeolite powder and calcium carbonate is less than 800 mesh.
The preparation method of the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of a kind of present invention, comprises the steps:
Step one, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer 1: by the plate of the manufactured foam a width of 800 × 600mm of micro-crystalline ceramic cut growth Material, working process of being polished in its surface and corner, it is ensured that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, External corner Founder error under ±2 mm, removes the attachments such as the floating ash of plate surface;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating 2: preparation phase transformation flexible putty, with mechanical scraper at the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate prepared Upper surface directly criticizes the phase transformation flexible putty 2 times smearing the paste mixed, and thickness is 2mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer 3: prepare diatom ooze, conditioning layer upper surface is directly criticized by mechanical scraper and smears The paste diatom ooze mixed 2 times, thickness is 2mm;After material surface drying, make various mechanism or plane by machine-made die Stamp, the mode air-dried finally by machinery, standby after making diatom ooze be completely dried solidification;
Step 4, prepare final products: appearance is coated with phase-change material and diatomaceous foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate is cut by machinery Being slit into thickness is 12mm, the sheet material of long a width of 300 × 300mm, obtains product.
Wherein, the preparation method of phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is weighed one by one;Being weighed by the water being used for mix, water is flexible with phase transformation The weight ratio of dry powder putty material is 0.3;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre are pressed Order input mixer successively disperses 20 minutes with the rotating speed of 800 revs/min;
(3) talcum powder is poured slowly in mixer with existing material with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds dispersions 15 minutes;
(4) finally it is added step-wise to white cement and coarse whiting in mixer mix with existing material, with 1200 revs/min of stirrings point Dissipating 15 minutes, until slurry is by the paste of mix uniformly thickness, discharging barrelling is standby.
The preparation method of diatom ooze comprises the steps:
(1) each component in diatom ooze dry mash is weighed one by one, the water being used for mix is weighed, water and diatom ooze dry mash Weight ratio is 0.2;
(2) water, algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are put in mixer the most successively stir with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds Mix dispersion 20 minutes, make algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether full and uniform dispersion in water;
(3) diatomite, kaolin, atlapulgite and bentonite are poured slowly in mixer uniformly mix with existing material middling speed;
(4) finally Diatomite Ceramsite, zeolite powder and calcium carbonate are gradually added in mixer and mix, by 1200 with existing material Rev/min dispersed with stirring stirs 20 minutes, until slurry is by the paste of mix uniformly thickness, discharging barrelling is standby.
Embodiment 2
As it is shown in figure 1, environmental functional suspended ceiling of the present invention include the most successively being fixed together heat insulation noise abatement layer 1, Conditioning layer 2 and air purification layer 3, wherein, heat insulation noise abatement layer 1 is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, and conditioning layer 2 is phase Becoming material, air purification layer 3 is diatom ooze.Conditioning layer 2 is coated on heat insulation noise abatement layer 1, and air purification layer 3 coats On conditioning layer 2.
Suspended ceiling is a size of: thickness is 32mm, long a width of 1200 × 2400mm;Conditioning layer 2 thickness is 5mm; Air purification layer 3 thickness is 4mm.
Phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, and it is made up of with phase transformation flexible putty dry mash the water that weight ratio is 0.4:1, phase transformation Flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 30 parts;
Talcum powder: 20 parts;
Coarse whiting: 32.2 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 5.5 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 10 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 0.8 part;
Viscosity is the cellulose ether of 100,000: 0.7 part;
Polypropylene fibre: 0.8 part;
Wherein, phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and it is by the capsule-core formed more than the latent heat storage material of 95 weight % With the cyst wall composition of polymer composition, capsule-core is 95:50 with the weight ratio of cyst wall;
The fiber type of polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, and proportion is 0.91, tensile strength > 358Mpa, fibre diameter is 18-48 μm, fusing point > 165 DEG C, elastic modelling quantity > 3.5Gpa, ultimate tensile > 15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm Or 19mm, transformation temperature is 23 DEG C, and latent heat is 204J/g.
Diatom ooze is made up of with diatom ooze dry mash the water that weight ratio is 0.5:1, and diatom ooze dry mash is former by following parts by weight Material is prepared from:
One-level calcined diatomite: 42 parts;
Diatomite Ceramsite: 5 parts;
Kaolin: 10 parts;
Atlapulgite: 5 parts;
Bentonite: 11 parts;
Zeolite powder: 4 parts;
Calcium carbonate: 5 parts;
Algin: 0.5 part;
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether: 2 parts;
Wherein, the fineness of one-level calcined diatomite is 300 mesh, and kaolin, atlapulgite and bentonitic fineness are less than 2000 mesh, The particle diameter of Diatomite Ceramsite is less than 0.55mm, and the fineness of zeolite powder and calcium carbonate is less than 800 mesh.
The preparation method of the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of a kind of present invention, comprises the steps:
Step one, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer 1: by the manufactured foam a width of 1220 × 2440mm's of micro-crystalline ceramic cut growth Sheet material, working process of being polished in its surface and corner, it is ensured that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, External corner Founder error under ±2 mm, removes the attachments such as the floating ash of plate surface;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating 2: preparation phase transformation flexible putty, with mechanical scraper at the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate prepared Upper surface directly criticizes the phase transformation flexible putty 3 times smearing the paste mixed, and thickness is 5mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer 3: prepare diatom ooze, conditioning layer upper surface is directly criticized by mechanical scraper and smears The paste diatom ooze mixed 3 times, thickness is 4mm;After material surface drying, make various mechanism or plane by machine-made die Stamp, the mode air-dried finally by machinery, standby after making diatom ooze be completely dried solidification;
Step 4, prepare final products: appearance is coated with phase-change material and diatomaceous foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate is cut by machinery Being slit into thickness is 32mm, the sheet material of long a width of 1200 × 2400mm, obtains product.
Wherein, the preparation method of phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is weighed one by one;Being weighed by the water being used for mix, water is flexible with phase transformation The weight ratio of dry powder putty material is 0.4;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre are pressed Order input mixer successively disperses 30 minutes with the rotating speed of 800 revs/min;
(3) talcum powder is poured slowly in mixer with existing material with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds dispersions 15 minutes;
(4) finally it is added step-wise to white cement and coarse whiting in mixer mix with existing material, with 1200 revs/min of stirrings point Dissipating 15 minutes, until slurry is by the paste of mix uniformly thickness, discharging barrelling is standby.
The preparation method of diatom ooze comprises the steps:
(1) each component in diatom ooze dry mash is weighed one by one, the water being used for mix is weighed, water and diatom ooze dry mash Weight ratio is 0.5;
(2) water, algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are put in mixer the most successively stir with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds Mix dispersion 30 minutes, make algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether full and uniform dispersion in water;
(3) diatomite, kaolin, atlapulgite and bentonite are poured slowly in mixer uniformly mix with existing material middling speed;
(4) finally Diatomite Ceramsite, zeolite powder and calcium carbonate are gradually added in mixer and mix, by 1200 with existing material Rev/min dispersed with stirring stirs 30 minutes, until slurry is by the paste of mix uniformly thickness, discharging barrelling is standby.
Embodiment 3
Difference with embodiment 1 is:
Suspended ceiling is a size of: thickness is 20mm, long a width of 1200 × 600mm;Conditioning layer 2 thickness is 3mm; Air purification layer 3 thickness is 3mm.
Phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, and it is made up of with phase transformation flexible putty dry mash the water that weight ratio is 0.35:1, phase transformation Flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight: white cement: 30 parts;
Talcum powder: 20 parts;
Coarse whiting: 32.2 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 4.5 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 10 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 0.8 part;
Viscosity is the cellulose ether of 100,000: 0.7 part;
Polypropylene fibre: 0.8 part;
Capsule-core is 70:7 with the weight ratio of cyst wall, and transformation temperature is 23 DEG C, and latent heat is 204J/g.
Diatom ooze is made up of with diatom ooze dry mash the water that weight ratio is 0.4:1, and diatom ooze dry mash is former by following parts by weight Material is prepared from:
One-level calcined diatomite: 35 parts;
Diatomite Ceramsite: 7 parts;
Kaolin: 8 parts;
Atlapulgite: 6 parts;
Bentonite: 9 parts;
Zeolite powder: 5 parts;
Calcium carbonate: 4 parts;
Algin: 2 parts;
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether: 1 part;
Wherein, the fineness of one-level calcined diatomite is 1000 mesh, and kaolin, atlapulgite and bentonitic fineness are less than 2000 Mesh, the particle diameter of Diatomite Ceramsite is less than 0.55mm, and the fineness of zeolite powder and calcium carbonate is less than 800 mesh.
The preparation method of the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of a kind of present invention, comprises the steps:
Step one, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer 1: by the manufactured foam a width of 1220 × 2440mm of micro-crystalline ceramic cut growth, The sheet material of 1200 × 600mm or 800 × 600mm, working process of being polished in its surface and corner, it is ensured that upper surface is smooth, level Error under ±2 mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, external corner Founder error under ±2 mm, remove the attachments such as the floating ash of plate surface;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating 2: preparation phase transformation flexible putty, with mechanical scraper at the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate prepared Upper surface is directly criticized and is smeared the phase transformation flexible putty 2 of the paste mixed~3 times, and thickness is 2~5mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer 3: prepare diatom ooze, conditioning layer upper surface is directly criticized by mechanical scraper and smears The paste diatom ooze 2 mixed~3 times, thickness is 2~4mm;After material surface drying, with machine-made die make various mechanism or Plane stamp, the mode air-dried finally by machinery, standby after making diatom ooze be completely dried solidification;
Step 4, prepare final products: appearance is coated with phase-change material and diatomaceous foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate is cut by machinery Being slit into thickness is 12mm~32mm, long a width of 300 × 300mm, 400 × 400mm, 500 × 500mm, 600 × 600mm, The sheet material of 800 × 800mm, 1200 × 600mm or 1200 × 2400mm, obtains product.
Wherein, the preparation method of phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is weighed one by one;Being weighed by the water being used for mix, water is flexible with phase transformation The weight ratio of dry powder putty material is 0.35;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre are pressed Order input mixer successively disperses 20~30 minutes with the rotating speed of 800 revs/min;
(3) talcum powder is poured slowly in mixer with existing material with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds dispersions 15 minutes;
(4) finally it is added step-wise to white cement and coarse whiting in mixer mix with existing material, with 1200 revs/min of stirrings point Dissipating 15 minutes, until slurry is by the paste of mix uniformly thickness, discharging barrelling is standby.
The preparation method of diatom ooze comprises the steps:
(1) each component in diatom ooze dry mash is weighed one by one, the water being used for mix is weighed, water and diatom ooze dry mash Weight ratio is 0.4;
(2) water, algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are put in mixer the most successively stir with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds Mix dispersion 20~30 minutes, make algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether full and uniform dispersion in water;
(3) diatomite, kaolin, atlapulgite and bentonite are poured slowly in mixer uniformly mix with existing material middling speed;
(4) finally Diatomite Ceramsite, zeolite powder and calcium carbonate are gradually added in mixer and mix, by 1200 with existing material Rev/min dispersed with stirring stirs 20~30 minutes, until slurry is by the paste of mix uniformly thickness, discharging barrelling is standby.
Embodiment 4
Difference with embodiment 3 is:
A width of 500 × the 500mm of suspended ceiling length;Capsule-core is 93:30 with the weight ratio of cyst wall.
Embodiment described above is only to be described the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not carries out the scope of the present invention Limiting, on the premise of designing spirit without departing from the present invention, technical scheme is made by those of ordinary skill in the art Various deformation and improvement, all should fall in the protection domain that claims of the present invention determines.

Claims (8)

1. a suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function, it is characterised in that: include the most successively Heat insulation noise abatement layer (1), conditioning layer (2) and the air purification layer (3) being fixed together, wherein, described heat insulation subtracts Layer (1) of making an uproar is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, and described conditioning layer (2) is phase-change material, described air purification layer (3) For diatom ooze;
Described phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, and it is by the water that weight ratio is 0.3~0.4:1 and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash Composition, described phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 30 parts;
Talcum powder: 20 parts;
Coarse whiting: 32.2 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 3.5~5.5 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 10 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 0.8 part;
Viscosity is the cellulose ether of 100,000: 0.7 part;
Polypropylene fibre: 0.8 part;
Wherein, described sizing phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and it is stored material by the latent heat more than 95 weight % The capsule-core of material composition and the cyst wall composition of polymer composition, described capsule-core is 50~95:5~50 with the weight ratio of described cyst wall;
The fiber type of described polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, and proportion is 0.91, tensile strength > 358Mpa, fibre diameter For 18-48 μm, fusing point > 165 DEG C, elastic modelling quantity > 3.5Gpa, ultimate tensile > 15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm or 19mm.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Described conditioning layer (2) is coated on described heat insulation noise abatement layer (1), and described air purification layer (3) is coated in described On conditioning layer (2).
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Described suspended ceiling is a size of: thickness is 12~32mm, long a width of 300 × 300mm, 400 × 400mm, 500 × 500mm, 600 × 600mm, 800 × 800mm, 1200 × 600mm or 1200 × 2400mm;Described conditioning Layer (2) thickness is 2~5mm;Described air purification layer (3) thickness is 2~4mm.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: Capsule-core described in described sizing phase-change material is 70~93:7~30 with the weight ratio of described cyst wall, and transformation temperature is 23 DEG C, latent heat For 204J/g.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: Described diatom ooze is made up of with diatom ooze dry mash the water that weight ratio is 0.2~0.5:1, and described diatom ooze dry mash is by weighing as follows The raw material of amount number is prepared from:
One-level calcined diatomite: 30~42 parts;
Diatomite Ceramsite: 5~12 parts;
Kaolin: 4~10 parts;
Atlapulgite: 5~9 parts;
Bentonite: 3~11 parts;
Zeolite powder: 4~6 parts;
Calcium carbonate: 3~5 parts;
Algin: 0.5-3 part;
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether: 0.5-2 part;
Wherein, the fineness of described one-level calcined diatomite is 300-1500 mesh, described kaolin, described atlapulgite and described Bentonitic fineness is less than 2000 mesh, and the particle diameter of described Diatomite Ceramsite is less than 0.55mm, described zeolite powder and described carbonic acid The fineness of calcium is less than 800 mesh.
6. the system of the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function described in an above-mentioned any one claim Preparation Method, it is characterised in that: comprise the steps:
Step one, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer (1): by a width of for manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic cut growth The sheet material of 1220 × 2440mm, 1200 × 600mm or 800 × 600mm, working process of being polished in its surface and corner, really Guarantor's upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, external corner Founder error under ±2 mm, removes sheet material table Face floating ash attachment;
Step 2, prepare conditioning layer (2): preparation phase transformation flexible putty, with mechanical scraper at the foam crystallite prepared Ceramic wafer upper surface is directly criticized and is smeared the described phase transformation flexible putty 2 of the paste mixed~3 times, and thickness is 2~5mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer (3): prepare diatom ooze, described conditioning layer upper surface is scraped by machinery Plate is directly criticized and is smeared the paste diatom ooze 2~3 times mixed, and thickness is 2~4mm;After material surface drying, do by machine-made die Go out various mechanism or plane stamp, the mode air-dried finally by machinery, standby after making diatom ooze be completely dried solidification;
Step 4, prepare final products: appearance is coated with the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate of phase-change material and diatom ooze by machinery Cutting into thickness is 12mm~32mm, long a width of 300 × 300mm, 400 × 400mm, 500 × 500mm, 600 × 600mm, The sheet material of 800 × 800mm, 1200 × 600mm or 1200 × 2400mm, obtains product.
The preparation method of the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function the most according to claim 6, its It is characterised by: the preparation method of described phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is weighed one by one;Being weighed by the water being used for mix, water is soft with phase transformation The weight ratio of property dry powder putty material is 0.3~0.4;
(2) by water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre The most successively input mixer disperses 20~30 minutes with the rotating speed of 800 revs/min;
(3) talcum powder is poured slowly in mixer with existing material with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds dispersions 15 minutes;
(4) finally it is added step-wise to white cement and coarse whiting in mixer mix with existing material, with 1200 revs/min of stirrings Disperseing 15 minutes, until slurry is by the paste of mix uniformly thickness, discharging barrelling is standby.
The preparation method of the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function the most according to claim 7, its It is characterised by: the preparation method of described diatom ooze comprises the steps:
(1) each component in diatom ooze dry mash is weighed one by one, the water being used for mix is weighed, water and diatom ooze dry mash Weight ratio be 0.2~0.5;
(2) water, algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are put into the most successively in mixer with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds Dispersed with stirring 20~30 minutes, make algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether full and uniform dispersion in water;
(3) diatomite, kaolin, atlapulgite and bentonite are poured slowly in mixer uniformly mix with existing material middling speed Close;
(4) finally Diatomite Ceramsite, zeolite powder and calcium carbonate are gradually added in mixer and mix, by 1200 with existing material Rev/min dispersed with stirring stirs 20~30 minutes, until slurry is by the paste of mix uniformly thickness, discharging barrelling is standby.
CN201410109582.7A 2014-03-22 2014-03-22 There is suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103924757B (en)

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CN109650811B (en) * 2019-01-11 2021-04-09 济南大学 Humidity-adjustable cement ceiling board and preparation method thereof
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