CN103924757A - Suspended ceiling with temperature and humidity regulating and air purifying functions and manufacturing method of suspended ceiling - Google Patents

Suspended ceiling with temperature and humidity regulating and air purifying functions and manufacturing method of suspended ceiling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103924757A
CN103924757A CN201410109582.7A CN201410109582A CN103924757A CN 103924757 A CN103924757 A CN 103924757A CN 201410109582 A CN201410109582 A CN 201410109582A CN 103924757 A CN103924757 A CN 103924757A
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parts
conditioning
layer
suspended ceiling
phase
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CN103924757B (en
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李晓军
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Shandong Lumeng low carbon technology research Co., Ltd
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YANTAI SITANPU FINE CONSTRUCTION Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The invention discloses a suspended ceiling with temperature and humidity regulating and air purifying functions. The suspended ceiling sequentially comprises a heat insulating and noise reducing layer (1), a temperature and humidity regulating layer (2) and an air purifying layer (3) from inside to outside, the heat insulating and noise reducing layer (1) is a foam microcrystalline ceramic plate, the temperature and humidity regulating layer (2) is a phase-change material, and the an air purifying layer (3) is diatom ooze. Through factory production, the foam microcrystalline ceramic plate with fireproofing, heat insulating and sound insulating and noise reducing functions is composited with the phase-change material with the temperature and humidity regulating functions and the diatom ooze with the air purifying function to be manufactured into an environmental functional ceiling, and use function compositing of green building materials, construction and installation componentization and building system integration can be realized.

Description

There is suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plate construction and preparation method thereof, particularly relate to a kind of suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Modern architecture develops to high level, and requiring space enclosing structure used is light material.But common light material thermal capacitance is less, and along with the day and night temperature of environment temperature, fluctuations in indoor temperature is larger.This not only causes indoor thermal environment uncomfortable, but also increases warmer and air conditioner load, causes building energy consumption to rise.Building both domestic and external and material supply section scholar are attempting to utilize phase-change material to vary with temperature and are changing form and can provide the substance characteristics of latent heat to improve the thermal capacitance performance of constructional materials.
Phase-change material (PCM) is to utilize material phase transition process to realize the class material that cold and hot amount stores and discharges.Phase-change material from solid-state become liquid state or become solid-state process from liquid state be called phase transition process, at this moment phase-change material will absorb or discharge a large amount of latent heat.It,, by the self-control mode of " peak load shifting ", effectively alleviates fluctuations in indoor temperature, reduces air-conditioning or floor heating load, has realized building energy conservation.Latent heat storage material is to have the material in there is the temperature range of conducting heat with phase transformation.Latent heat storage material preferably has solid-liquid phase transformation in-20 to 120 ℃ of temperature ranges.It is organic that latent heat storage material is generally, preferably lipophilic substance.
The research that phase-changing energy-storing building materials is applied to building materials starts from nineteen eighty-two, by Sunpower Corp. of USDOE, is initiated.With PCM, process the technical development of constructional materials (as gypsum plank, wallboard and concrete component etc.) nineties in 20 century.Subsequently, research and the application of PCM in the constructional materialss such as concrete test block, gypsum wallboard is always in the ascendant.Phase-transition heat-preserving material has application prospect very widely in building energy conservation.It can, for body of wall, roof construction, also can be used as adjustable parts flexibly.Energy-conservation certain esbablished corporation of domestic construction, successfully by the Emulsification of Paraffin of different labels, then mixes with extraordinary rubber powder, water, granular polystyrene lightweight aggregate by a certain percentage, is mixed with the phase-transition heat-storage slurry that can be used for construction wall ectonexine that has accumulation of heat and insulation concurrently.The products such as phase transformation mortar, phase transformation putty in addition of simultaneously developing.But this type of technology and material all need by wet trade mode at the scene by phase-change material by hand plaster in interior and exterior wall, the effort of taking a lot of work, contaminated environment also has a strong impact on product quality, is difficult to reach design standard.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of simple in structure, cost is low, preparation method is easy suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function.
A kind of suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function, comprise successively from the inside to the outside the heat insulation noise abatement layer, conditioning layer and the air purification layer that are fixed together, wherein, described heat insulation noise abatement layer is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, described conditioning layer is phase-change material, and described air purification layer is diatom ooze.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, wherein said conditioning layer is coated on described heat insulation noise abatement layer, and described air purification layer is coated on described conditioning layer.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, wherein said suspended ceiling is of a size of: thickness is 12~32mm, length and width are 300 * 300mm, 400 * 400mm, 500 * 500mm, 600 * 600mm, 800 * 800mm, 1200 * 600mm or 1200 * 2400mm; Described conditioning layer thickness is 2~5mm; Described air purification layer thickness is 2~4mm.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, wherein said phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, its water that is 0.3~0.4:1 by weight ratio and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash form, and described phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 30 parts;
French chalk: 20 parts;
Coarse whiting: 32.2 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 3.5~5.5 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 10 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 0.8 part;
Viscosity is 100,000 cellulose ether: 0.7 part;
Polypropylene fibre: 0.8 part;
Wherein, phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and the cyst wall that the capsule-core that it is comprised of the latent heat storage material that is greater than 95 % by weight and polymer form forms, and the weight ratio of described capsule-core and described cyst wall is 50~95:5~50;
The fiber type of described polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, proportion is 0.91, tensile strength >358Mpa, fibre diameter is 18-48 μ m, fusing point >165 ℃, elastic modulus G reatT.GreaT.GT3.5Gpa, tension limit >15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm or 19mm.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, wherein: the weight ratio of described capsule-core and described cyst wall is 70~93:7~30, transformation temperature is 23 ℃, latent heat is 204J/g.
The suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, the water that wherein said diatom ooze is 0.2~0.5:1 by weight ratio and diatom ooze dry mash form, and described diatom ooze dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
One-level calcined diatomite: 30~42 parts;
Diatomite Ceramsite: 5~12 parts;
Kaolin: 4~10 parts;
Atlapulgite: 5~9 parts;
Swell soil: 3~11 parts;
Zeolite powder: 4~6 parts;
Calcium carbonate: 3~5 parts;
Algin: 0.5-3 part;
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether: 0.5-2 part;
Wherein, the fineness of described one-level calcined diatomite is 300-1500 order, described kaolin, described atlapulgite and described bentonitic fineness are less than 2000 orders, and the particle diameter of described Diatomite Ceramsite is less than 0.55mm, and the fineness of described zeolite powder and described calcium carbonate is less than 800 orders.
A preparation method with the suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function, comprises the steps:
Step 1, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer: manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic is cut into the sheet material that length and width are 1220 * 2440mm, 1200 * 600mm or 800 * 600mm, its surface and corner polishing processing are processed, guarantee that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, the upright error under ±2 mm of external corner, removes the floating ash of plate surface and waits attachment;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating: preparation phase transformation flexible putty, with mechanical scraper plate, at the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate upper surface preparing, directly criticize the described phase transformation flexible putty 2~3 times of smearing the paste having mixed, thickness is 2~5mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer: prepare diatom ooze, on described conditioning layer upper surface, by mechanical scraper plate, directly batch smear the paste diatom ooze that mixed 2~3 times, thickness is 2~4mm; After material surface drying, with machine-processed mould, make various mechanism or plane stamp, finally by the air-dry mode of machinery, diatom ooze bone dry is solidified rear standby;
Step 4, prepare final products: appearance is coated with to phase-change material, and by machine cuts, to become thickness with diatomaceous foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate be 12mm~32mm, length and width are 300 * 300mm, 400 * 400mm, 500 * 500mm, 600 * 600mm, 800 * 800mm, the sheet material of 1200 * 600mm or 1200 * 2400mm, obtains product.
The preparation method with the suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, the preparation method of wherein said phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is weighed one by one; Water for mix is weighed, and the weight ratio of water and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is 0.3~0.4;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre being dropped in order successively to the rotating speed with 800 revs/min in mixer disperses 20~30 minutes;
(3) French chalk is slowly poured in mixer and disperseed 15 minutes with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds with existing material;
(4) finally white cement and coarse whiting are progressively joined in mixer and existing mixing of materials, with 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring 15 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling was standby.
The preparation method with the suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, the preparation method of wherein said diatom ooze comprises the steps:
(1) each component in diatom ooze dry mash is weighed one by one, the water for mix is weighed, the weight ratio of water and diatom ooze dry mash is 0.2~0.5;
(2) water, algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are dropped in order successively in mixer with 800 revs/min of rotating speed dispersed with stirring 20~30 minutes, make algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether full and uniform dispersion in water;
(3) kieselguhr, kaolin, atlapulgite and swell soil are slowly poured in mixer and evenly mixed with existing material middling speed;
(4) finally Diatomite Ceramsite, zeolite powder and calcium carbonate are progressively added in mixer and existing mixing of materials, by 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring, stirred 20~30 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling is standby.
Environmental functional suspended ceiling difference from prior art of the present invention is:
Environmental functional suspended ceiling of the present invention has adopted has the mode that the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate of sound insulation noise reduction function combines with functional materials such as having conditioning and material for air purification, form the ceiling with environmental functional, there is the multi-functional Composites such as factory's component, construction assemblingization, high temperature of fire fire-retardant fireproof, thermal insulation, sound insulation noise abatement, conditioning and air purification.The present invention produces by batch production, by the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate with fire prevention, thermal insulation, sound insulation noise abatement with there is the phase-change material of conditioning function and the diatom soil phase of air-cleaning function is compound, make environmental functional ceiling, the use function Composite, construction and installation component and the building system that realize green building material are integrated.
The described foam micro-crystalline ceramic using in environmental functional suspended ceiling of the present invention is processed into by foam micro-crystalline ceramic, it is raw material that foam micro-crystalline ceramic be take the industrial tailings waste residues such as cullet, flyash, gangue, add blowing agent, nucleator and Admixture etc., mix after crushed formation batch, then batch is put in special grinding tool, put into electric furnace and heat, the novel porous micro-crystalline ceramic materials for wall of making through techniques such as preheating, melting, foaming, crystallization, annealing.The technical data of described foam micro-crystalline ceramic is: proportion: 0.1~0.6, unit weight: 767~1076kg/m3, coefficient of thermal conductivity :≤0.029w/mk, water absorption rate: 5~20Vol%, compressive strength: 9~18MPa, rupture strength: 5.6~19MPa:, high-temperature capability: 740~800MPa, degree of fire resistance: >100, fireproof performance reaches country's " A " grade standard, energy acid resistance: 0.08~5.0, and alkali resistance: 0.05~0.8, frost resistance: 0.03~0.38, not fluorine-containing chlorination charcoal and hydrogen fluorine chloric acid.
Phase-change material (PCM-Phase Change Material) refers to and varies with temperature and change physical property and the material of latent heat can be provided.Kieselguhr is a kind of natural materials, containing harmful chemical, except having, does not fire, sound insulation, waterproof, the feature such as lightweight and heat insulation, and the effect such as also have dehumidifying, damping, deodorizing, purify the air of a room is good environment-friendly type indoor and outdoor decoration material.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, environmental functional suspended ceiling of the present invention is described further.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of environmental functional suspended ceiling of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, environmental functional suspended ceiling of the present invention comprises heat insulation noise abatement layer 1, conditioning layer 2 and the air purification layer 3 being fixed together from the inside to the outside successively, and wherein, heat insulation noise abatement layer 1 is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, conditioning layer 2 is phase-change material, and air purification layer 3 is diatom ooze.Conditioning layer 2 is coated on heat insulation noise abatement layer 1, and air purification layer 3 is coated on conditioning layer 2.
Suspended ceiling is of a size of: thickness is 12mm, and length and width are 300 * 300mm; Conditioning layer 2 thickness are 2mm; Air purification layer 3 thickness are 2mm.
Phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, and its water that is 0.3:1 by weight ratio and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash form, and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 30 parts;
French chalk: 20 parts;
Coarse whiting: 32.2 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 3.5 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 10 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 0.8 part;
Viscosity is 100,000 cellulose ether: 0.7 part;
Polypropylene fibre: 0.8 part;
Wherein, phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and the cyst wall that the capsule-core that it is comprised of the latent heat storage material that is greater than 95 % by weight and polymer form forms, and the weight ratio of capsule-core and cyst wall is 50:5;
The fiber type of polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, proportion is 0.91, tensile strength >358Mpa, fibre diameter is 18-48 μ m, fusing point >165 ℃, elastic modulus G reatT.GreaT.GT3.5Gpa, tension limit >15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm or 19mm.
The water that diatom ooze is 0.2:1 by weight ratio and diatom ooze dry mash form, and diatom ooze dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
One-level calcined diatomite: 30 parts;
Diatomite Ceramsite: 12 parts;
Kaolin: 4 parts;
Atlapulgite: 9 parts;
Swell soil: 3 parts;
Zeolite powder: 6 parts;
Calcium carbonate: 3 parts;
Algin: 3 parts;
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether: 0.5 part;
Wherein, the fineness of one-level calcined diatomite is 1500 orders, and kaolin, atlapulgite and bentonitic fineness are less than 2000 orders, and the particle diameter of Diatomite Ceramsite is less than 0.55mm, and the fineness of zeolite powder and calcium carbonate is less than 800 orders.
A preparation method with the suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, comprises the steps:
Step 1, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer 1: manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic is cut into the sheet material that length and width are 800 * 600mm, its surface and corner polishing processing are processed, guarantee that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, the upright error under ±2 mm of external corner, removes the floating ash of plate surface and waits attachment;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating 2: preparation phase transformation flexible putty, with mechanical scraper plate, at the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate upper surface preparing, directly criticize the phase transformation flexible putty 2 times of smearing the paste having mixed, thickness is 2mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer 3: prepare diatom ooze, on conditioning layer upper surface, by mechanical scraper plate, directly batch smear the paste diatom ooze that mixed 2 times, thickness is 2mm; After material surface drying, with machine-processed mould, make various mechanism or plane stamp, finally by the air-dry mode of machinery, diatom ooze bone dry is solidified rear standby;
Step 4, prepare final products: appearance is coated with to phase-change material, and by machine cuts, to become thickness with diatomaceous foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate be 12mm, and the sheet material that length and width are 300 * 300mm, obtains product.
Wherein, the preparation method of phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is weighed one by one; Water for mix is weighed, and the weight ratio of water and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is 0.3;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre being dropped in order successively to the rotating speed with 800 revs/min in mixer disperses 20 minutes;
(3) French chalk is slowly poured in mixer and disperseed 15 minutes with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds with existing material;
(4) finally white cement and coarse whiting are progressively joined in mixer and existing mixing of materials, with 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring 15 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling was standby.
The preparation method of diatom ooze comprises the steps:
(1) each component in diatom ooze dry mash is weighed one by one, the water for mix is weighed, the weight ratio of water and diatom ooze dry mash is 0.2;
(2) water, algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are dropped in order successively in mixer with 800 revs/min of rotating speed dispersed with stirring 20 minutes, make algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether full and uniform dispersion in water;
(3) kieselguhr, kaolin, atlapulgite and swell soil are slowly poured in mixer and evenly mixed with existing material middling speed;
(4) finally Diatomite Ceramsite, zeolite powder and calcium carbonate are progressively added in mixer and existing mixing of materials, by 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring, stirred 20 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling is standby.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 1, environmental functional suspended ceiling of the present invention comprises heat insulation noise abatement layer 1, conditioning layer 2 and the air purification layer 3 being fixed together from the inside to the outside successively, and wherein, heat insulation noise abatement layer 1 is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, conditioning layer 2 is phase-change material, and air purification layer 3 is diatom ooze.Conditioning layer 2 is coated on heat insulation noise abatement layer 1, and air purification layer 3 is coated on conditioning layer 2.
Suspended ceiling is of a size of: thickness is 32mm, and length and width are 1200 * 2400mm; Conditioning layer 2 thickness are 5mm; Air purification layer 3 thickness are 4mm.
Phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, and its water that is 0.4:1 by weight ratio and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash form, and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 30 parts;
French chalk: 20 parts;
Coarse whiting: 32.2 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 5.5 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 10 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 0.8 part;
Viscosity is 100,000 cellulose ether: 0.7 part;
Polypropylene fibre: 0.8 part;
Wherein, phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and the cyst wall that the capsule-core that it is comprised of the latent heat storage material that is greater than 95 % by weight and polymer form forms, and the weight ratio of capsule-core and cyst wall is 95:50;
The fiber type of polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, proportion is 0.91, tensile strength >358Mpa, fibre diameter is 18-48 μ m, fusing point >165 ℃, elastic modulus G reatT.GreaT.GT3.5Gpa, tension limit >15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm or 19mm, and transformation temperature is 23 ℃, and latent heat is 204J/g.
The water that diatom ooze is 0.5:1 by weight ratio and diatom ooze dry mash form, and diatom ooze dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
One-level calcined diatomite: 42 parts;
Diatomite Ceramsite: 5 parts;
Kaolin: 10 parts;
Atlapulgite: 5 parts;
Swell soil: 11 parts;
Zeolite powder: 4 parts;
Calcium carbonate: 5 parts;
Algin: 0.5 part;
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether: 2 parts;
Wherein, the fineness of one-level calcined diatomite is 300 orders, and kaolin, atlapulgite and bentonitic fineness are less than 2000 orders, and the particle diameter of Diatomite Ceramsite is less than 0.55mm, and the fineness of zeolite powder and calcium carbonate is less than 800 orders.
A preparation method with the suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, comprises the steps:
Step 1, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer 1: manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic is cut into the sheet material that length and width are 1220 * 2440mm, its surface and corner polishing processing are processed, guarantee that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, the upright error under ±2 mm of external corner, removes the floating ash of plate surface and waits attachment;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating 2: preparation phase transformation flexible putty, with mechanical scraper plate, at the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate upper surface preparing, directly criticize the phase transformation flexible putty 3 times of smearing the paste having mixed, thickness is 5mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer 3: prepare diatom ooze, on conditioning layer upper surface, by mechanical scraper plate, directly batch smear the paste diatom ooze that mixed 3 times, thickness is 4mm; After material surface drying, with machine-processed mould, make various mechanism or plane stamp, finally by the air-dry mode of machinery, diatom ooze bone dry is solidified rear standby;
Step 4, prepare final products: appearance is coated with to phase-change material, and by machine cuts, to become thickness with diatomaceous foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate be 32mm, and the sheet material that length and width are 1200 * 2400mm, obtains product.
Wherein, the preparation method of phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is weighed one by one; Water for mix is weighed, and the weight ratio of water and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is 0.4;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre being dropped in order successively to the rotating speed with 800 revs/min in mixer disperses 30 minutes;
(3) French chalk is slowly poured in mixer and disperseed 15 minutes with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds with existing material;
(4) finally white cement and coarse whiting are progressively joined in mixer and existing mixing of materials, with 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring 15 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling was standby.
The preparation method of diatom ooze comprises the steps:
(1) each component in diatom ooze dry mash is weighed one by one, the water for mix is weighed, the weight ratio of water and diatom ooze dry mash is 0.5;
(2) water, algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are dropped in order successively in mixer with 800 revs/min of rotating speed dispersed with stirring 30 minutes, make algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether full and uniform dispersion in water;
(3) kieselguhr, kaolin, atlapulgite and swell soil are slowly poured in mixer and evenly mixed with existing material middling speed;
(4) finally Diatomite Ceramsite, zeolite powder and calcium carbonate are progressively added in mixer and existing mixing of materials, by 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring, stirred 30 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling is standby.
Embodiment 3
Be with the difference of embodiment 1:
Suspended ceiling is of a size of: thickness is 20mm, and length and width are 1200 * 600mm; Conditioning layer 2 thickness are 3mm; Air purification layer 3 thickness are 3mm.
Phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, and its water that is 0.35:1 by weight ratio and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash form, and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight: white cement: 30 parts;
French chalk: 20 parts;
Coarse whiting: 32.2 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 4.5 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 10 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 0.8 part;
Viscosity is 100,000 cellulose ether: 0.7 part;
Polypropylene fibre: 0.8 part;
The weight ratio of capsule-core and cyst wall is 70:7, and transformation temperature is 23 ℃, and latent heat is 204J/g.
The water that diatom ooze is 0.4:1 by weight ratio and diatom ooze dry mash form, and diatom ooze dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
One-level calcined diatomite: 35 parts;
Diatomite Ceramsite: 7 parts;
Kaolin: 8 parts;
Atlapulgite: 6 parts;
Swell soil: 9 parts;
Zeolite powder: 5 parts;
Calcium carbonate: 4 parts;
Algin: 2 parts;
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether: 1 part;
Wherein, the fineness of one-level calcined diatomite is 1000 orders, and kaolin, atlapulgite and bentonitic fineness are less than 2000 orders, and the particle diameter of Diatomite Ceramsite is less than 0.55mm, and the fineness of zeolite powder and calcium carbonate is less than 800 orders.
A preparation method with the suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function of the present invention, comprises the steps:
Step 1, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer 1: manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic is cut into the sheet material that length and width are 1220 * 2440mm, 1200 * 600mm or 800 * 600mm, its surface and corner polishing processing are processed, guarantee that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, the upright error under ±2 mm of external corner, removes the floating ash of plate surface and waits attachment;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating 2: preparation phase transformation flexible putty, with mechanical scraper plate, at the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate upper surface preparing, directly criticize the phase transformation flexible putty 2~3 times of smearing the paste having mixed, thickness is 2~5mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer 3: prepare diatom ooze, on conditioning layer upper surface, by mechanical scraper plate, directly batch smear the paste diatom ooze that mixed 2~3 times, thickness is 2~4mm; After material surface drying, with machine-processed mould, make various mechanism or plane stamp, finally by the air-dry mode of machinery, diatom ooze bone dry is solidified rear standby;
Step 4, prepare final products: appearance is coated with to phase-change material, and by machine cuts, to become thickness with diatomaceous foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate be 12mm~32mm, length and width are 300 * 300mm, 400 * 400mm, 500 * 500mm, 600 * 600mm, 800 * 800mm, the sheet material of 1200 * 600mm or 1200 * 2400mm, obtains product.
Wherein, the preparation method of phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is weighed one by one; Water for mix is weighed, and the weight ratio of water and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is 0.35;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre being dropped in order successively to the rotating speed with 800 revs/min in mixer disperses 20~30 minutes;
(3) French chalk is slowly poured in mixer and disperseed 15 minutes with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds with existing material;
(4) finally white cement and coarse whiting are progressively joined in mixer and existing mixing of materials, with 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring 15 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling was standby.
The preparation method of diatom ooze comprises the steps:
(1) each component in diatom ooze dry mash is weighed one by one, the water for mix is weighed, the weight ratio of water and diatom ooze dry mash is 0.4;
(2) water, algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are dropped in order successively in mixer with 800 revs/min of rotating speed dispersed with stirring 20~30 minutes, make algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether full and uniform dispersion in water;
(3) kieselguhr, kaolin, atlapulgite and swell soil are slowly poured in mixer and evenly mixed with existing material middling speed;
(4) finally Diatomite Ceramsite, zeolite powder and calcium carbonate are progressively added in mixer and existing mixing of materials, by 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring, stirred 20~30 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling is standby.
Embodiment 4
Be with the difference of embodiment 3:
Suspended ceiling length and width are 500 * 500mm; The weight ratio of capsule-core and cyst wall is 93:30.
Above-described embodiment is described the preferred embodiment of the present invention; not scope of the present invention is limited; design under the prerequisite of spirit not departing from the present invention; various distortion and improvement that those of ordinary skills make technical scheme of the present invention, all should fall in the definite protection domain of the claims in the present invention book.

Claims (9)

1. a suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function, it is characterized in that: comprise successively from the inside to the outside the heat insulation noise abatement layer (1), conditioning layer (2) and the air purification layer (3) that are fixed together, wherein, described heat insulation noise abatement layer (1) is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, described conditioning layer (2) is phase-change material, and described air purification layer (3) is diatom ooze.
2. the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it is upper that described conditioning layer (2) is coated in described heat insulation noise abatement layer (1), and described air purification layer (3) is coated on described conditioning layer (2).
3. the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that:
Described suspended ceiling is of a size of: thickness is 12~32mm, and length and width are 300 * 300mm, 400 * 400mm, 500 * 500mm, 600 * 600mm, 800 * 800mm, 1200 * 600mm or 1200 * 2400mm; Described conditioning layer (2) thickness is 2~5mm; Described air purification layer (3) thickness is 2~4mm.
4. the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, its water that is 0.3~0.4:1 by weight ratio and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash form, and described phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 30 parts;
French chalk: 20 parts;
Coarse whiting: 32.2 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 3.5~5.5 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 10 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 0.8 part;
Viscosity is 100,000 cellulose ether: 0.7 part;
Polypropylene fibre: 0.8 part;
Wherein, described sizing phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and the cyst wall that the capsule-core that it is comprised of the latent heat storage material that is greater than 95 % by weight and polymer form forms, and the weight ratio of described capsule-core and described cyst wall is 50~95:5~50;
The fiber type of described polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, proportion is 0.91, tensile strength >358Mpa, fibre diameter is 18-48 μ m, fusing point >165 ℃, elastic modulus G reatT.GreaT.GT3.5Gpa, tension limit >15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm or 19mm.
5. the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the weight ratio of capsule-core and described cyst wall described in described phase-change material is 70~93:7~30, and transformation temperature is 23 ℃, and latent heat is 204J/g.
6. the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the water that described diatom ooze is 0.2~0.5:1 by weight ratio and diatom ooze dry mash form, described diatom ooze dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
One-level calcined diatomite: 30~42 parts;
Diatomite Ceramsite: 5~12 parts;
Kaolin: 4~10 parts;
Atlapulgite: 5~9 parts;
Swell soil: 3~11 parts;
Zeolite powder: 4~6 parts;
Calcium carbonate: 3~5 parts;
Algin: 0.5-3 part;
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether: 0.5-2 part;
Wherein, the fineness of described one-level calcined diatomite is 300-1500 order, described kaolin, described atlapulgite and described bentonitic fineness are less than 2000 orders, and the particle diameter of described Diatomite Ceramsite is less than 0.55mm, and the fineness of described zeolite powder and described calcium carbonate is less than 800 orders.
7. a preparation method for the suspended ceiling with conditioning and air-cleaning function described in above-mentioned any claim, is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
Step 1, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer (1): manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic is cut into the sheet material that length and width are 1220 * 2440mm, 1200 * 600mm or 800 * 600mm, its surface and corner polishing processing are processed, guarantee that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, the upright error under ±2 mm of external corner, removes the floating ash of plate surface and waits attachment;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating (2): preparation phase transformation flexible putty, with mechanical scraper plate, at the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate upper surface preparing, directly criticize the described phase transformation flexible putty 2~3 times of smearing the paste having mixed, thickness is 2~5mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer (3): prepare diatom ooze, on described conditioning layer upper surface, by mechanical scraper plate, directly batch smear the paste diatom ooze that mixed 2~3 times, thickness is 2~4mm; After material surface drying, with machine-processed mould, make various mechanism or plane stamp, finally by the air-dry mode of machinery, diatom ooze bone dry is solidified rear standby;
Step 4, prepare final products: appearance is coated with to phase-change material, and by machine cuts, to become thickness with diatomaceous foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate be 12mm~32mm, length and width are 300 * 300mm, 400 * 400mm, 500 * 500mm, 600 * 600mm, 800 * 800mm, the sheet material of 1200 * 600mm or 1200 * 2400mm, obtains product.
8. the preparation method with the suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function according to claim 7, is characterized in that: the preparation method of described phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is weighed one by one; Water for mix is weighed, and the weight ratio of water and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is 0.3~0.4;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre being dropped in order successively to the rotating speed with 800 revs/min in mixer disperses 20~30 minutes;
(3) French chalk is slowly poured in mixer and disperseed 15 minutes with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds with existing material;
(4) finally white cement and coarse whiting are progressively joined in mixer and existing mixing of materials, with 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring 15 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling was standby.
9. the preparation method with the suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function according to claim 8, is characterized in that: the preparation method of described diatom ooze comprises the steps:
(1) each component in diatom ooze dry mash is weighed one by one, the water for mix is weighed, the weight ratio of water and diatom ooze dry mash is 0.2~0.5;
(2) water, algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are dropped in order successively in mixer with 800 revs/min of rotating speed dispersed with stirring 20~30 minutes, make algin and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether full and uniform dispersion in water;
(3) kieselguhr, kaolin, atlapulgite and swell soil are slowly poured in mixer and evenly mixed with existing material middling speed;
(4) finally Diatomite Ceramsite, zeolite powder and calcium carbonate are progressively added in mixer and existing mixing of materials, by 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring, stirred 20~30 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling is standby.
CN201410109582.7A 2014-03-22 2014-03-22 There is suspended ceiling of conditioning and air-cleaning function and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103924757B (en)

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CN112624800A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-04-09 浙江潘多拉新材料有限公司 Inorganic silicon mud foamed ceramic composite decorative board

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