CN103924755A - Multifunctional indoor photocatalyst decorative board and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Multifunctional indoor photocatalyst decorative board and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103924755A
CN103924755A CN201410109179.4A CN201410109179A CN103924755A CN 103924755 A CN103924755 A CN 103924755A CN 201410109179 A CN201410109179 A CN 201410109179A CN 103924755 A CN103924755 A CN 103924755A
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parts
photocatalyst
emulsion
photo
phase
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CN103924755B (en
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李晓军
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Shandong Lumeng low carbon technology research Co., Ltd
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YANTAI SITANPU FINE CONSTRUCTION Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional indoor photocatalyst decorative board comprising a heat-insulating and noise-reducing layer (1), a temperature and humidity adjusting layer (2) and a photocatalyst decorative layer (3). The heat-insulating and noise-reducing layer (1) is a foam glass ceramic board, the temperature and humidity adjusting layer (2) is made of phase change material, and the photocatalyst decorative layer (3) is a photocatalyst nano coating. According to the multifunctional indoor photocatalyst decorative board, by means of factorial production, the foam glass ceramic board with fireproofing, heat-insulating and noise-reducing functions, the phase change material with the temperature and humidity adjusting functions and the photocatalyst nano coating with an air purification function are compounded, the environmental functional decorative board is obtained, and using function compounding, construction mounting component basing and construction system integration of environment-friendly building materials are realized.

Description

Photocatalyst decorative panel and preparation method thereof in a kind of multifunctional room
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of decorative panel, particularly relate to photocatalyst decorative panel and preparation method thereof in a kind of multifunctional room.
Background technology
At present, low-carbon economy has obtained development and implementation energetically international and domestic, the demand of green building, Construction of Ecological Human Settlements constantly expands, and the demand of ecological, environmental protective building material product maintains sustained and rapid growth, and Ecological Building Materials industry will become main flow and the direction of building material industry development.Ecological Building Materials mainly comprises to be improved indoor human settlement and protects healthy, to improve life, work comfort level novel hitech materials, comprise there is antibacterial, anti-mildew, the healthy functions such as conditioning, anion releasing and environmentally friendly constructional materials etc.Recent two decades comes, and American-European, Deng industrially developed country pays much attention to the development of green building material, with regard to constructional materials, the impact of room air has been carried out to basic research work comprehensive, system, and has worked out strict regulation.Within 1992, the United Nations has held environment and development conference, and within 1994, the United Nations has set up again sustainable Product Development group.Subsequently, the International Organization for Stand also enters on the standardization of environment mediation goods, is greatly promoting the development of Green Building Materials.
Ensure the sustainable development of building materials, key is to develop and apply green building productions.The technological approaches of green building material exploitation mainly contains three: the one, and adopt research in new high-tech exploitation to be of value to the multi-functional building materials of health, as the sanitary ceramics of antibacterial, sterilizing, deodorizing and glass, do not distribute water paint, radiation shielding coating, odour remover coating of organic volatile etc.; The 2nd, utilize industry or city solid-state castoff or regenerant to replace part or all of natural resources, adopt conventional art or new technology to manufacture green building material; The 3rd, house component, refer to according to certain fringe conditions and supporting technology, assembled at the scene by two or more house single products or joint product, form a functional unit in a certain position of house, can meet the product of one, this position or several functional requirements.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide photocatalyst decorative panel in a kind of multifunctional room with fire protection flame retarding, thermal insulation, sound insulation noise abatement, conditioning, air purification and decoration function.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of multi-functional energy photocatalyst decorative panel.
Photocatalyst decorative panel in a kind of multifunctional room, comprise successively from the inside to the outside heat insulation noise abatement layer, conditioning layer and photocatalyst decorative layer, wherein, described heat insulation noise abatement layer is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, described conditioning layer is phase-change material, and described air purification layer is photo-catalytic nano coating.
Photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room of the present invention, wherein said photocatalyst decorative panel thickness is 12mm~32mm, length and width are respectively 300mm × 300mm, 400mm × 400mm, 500mm × 500mm, 600mm × 600mm, 800mm × 800mm, 600mm × 600mm, 600mm × 1200mm or 1200mm × 2400mm; Described conditioning layer thickness is 2mm~5mm; The length and width of described foam micro-crystalline ceramic warming plate are 1220mm × 2440mm, 1200mm × 600mm, 800mm × 600mm or 400mm × 600mm.
Photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room of the present invention, wherein said phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, its water that is 0.3~0.4:1 by weight ratio and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash form, and described phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 230~300 parts;
French chalk: 150~200 parts;
Coarse whiting: 280~322 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 35~55 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 83~100 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 6.8~8 parts;
Viscosity is 100,000 cellulose ether: 5.5~7 parts;
Polypropylene fibre: 6.7~8 parts;
Wherein, phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and the cyst wall that the capsule-core that it is made up of the latent heat storage material that is greater than 95 % by weight and polymer form forms, and the weight ratio of described capsule-core and described cyst wall is 50~95:5~50;
The fiber type of described polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, proportion is 0.91, tensile strength >358Mpa, fibre diameter is 18-48 μ m, fusing point >165 DEG C, elastic modulus G reatT.GreaT.GT3.5Gpa, tension limit >15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm or 19mm.
Photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room of the present invention, the weight ratio of capsule-core and described cyst wall described in wherein said phase-change material is 70~93:7~30, and transformation temperature is 23 DEG C, and latent heat is 204J/g.
Photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room of the present invention, wherein said photo-catalytic nano coating is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Solid content is 49% emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion: 200~340 parts;
Particle diameter is the photo-catalytic nano powder body material of 2~7nm: 20~39 parts;
Deoxygenated water: 650~820 parts;
Thickener: 4~5 parts;
Dispersing agent: 2~5 parts;
Wetting agent: 12~14 parts;
Coalescents: 25~40 parts;
Defoamer: 5~20 parts;
Coupling agent: 4~7 parts.
Photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room of the present invention, wherein:
Described emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion is one or more the mixture in VAE emulsion, organic siliconresin emulsion, pure-acrylic emulsion, elasticity pure-acrylic emulsion, benzene emulsion, styrene-acrylic emulsion, acrylate copolymer emulsion, organosilicon-acrylic emulsion, aqueous epoxy resin emulsion, aqueous polyurethane emulsion;
Described photo-catalytic nano powder body material is one or more the mixture in nano titanium oxide, nanometer titanium phosphate, nano silicon, nano-negative ion;
Described thickener is one or more the mixture in cellulose family, silica, polyacrylate, polyurethanes;
Described dispersing agent is one or more the mixture in calgon, ammonium ion type acrylic acid, sodium polyphosphate, PTPP (potassium tripolyphosphate), tetrapotassium pyrophosphate, cithrol 200 or 400, polyacrylate;
Described wetting agent pH value is 5.5~7.5, for lauryl sodium sulfate, pull open one or more the mixture in powder, diisobutyl sodium naphthalene sulfonate, glycerin monostearate;
Described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol fat, butyl glycol ether, propane diols phenylate or toluene alcohol;
Described defoamer is one or more the mixture in phosphoric acid lipid, mineral oils, higher alcohol, PPG, polyethers, organosilicon;
Described coupling agent is one or more the mixture in silane coupler, titanate coupling agent, aluminate coupling agent.
In multifunctional room, a preparation method for photocatalyst decorative panel, comprises the steps:
Step 1, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer: manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate is cut into the sheet material of setting size, its surface and corner polishing processing are processed, guarantee that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, the upright error under ±2 mm of external corner, removes the attachment of described plate surface;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating: preparation comprises the paste phase transformation flexible putty of phase-change material, directly criticize and smear described paste phase transformation flexible putty 2~3 times at the upper surface of the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate preparing with mechanical scraper plate, and criticizing and smearing thickness is 2~5mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer: prepare photo-catalytic nano coating, adopt spray gun model W-77, jet size 1.5~2.0mm, flow 200~450ml/min, the airless spraying equipment of air pump pressure 0.3-0.6Mpa, is under the condition of 45 DEG C in temperature, photo-catalytic nano coating is evenly sprayed to the surface of the damping temperature-control coating preparing, coating thickness is 5-10 micron, finally under the indoor conditions of 60~90 DEG C of temperature, dries 50 minutes;
The size that step 4, the sheet material that appearance is coated with to phase-change material and photo-catalytic nano coating become to set by machine cuts, obtains product.
Photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room of the present invention, the preparation method of wherein said paste phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in raw material is weighed one by one;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, organosilicon polymer hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre are dropped in mixer in order successively, disperse 20~30 minutes with the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min;
(3) French chalk is slowly poured in mixer and disperseed 15 minutes with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds with existing material;
(4) finally white cement and coarse whiting are progressively joined in mixer and existing mixing of materials, with 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring 15 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling was for subsequent use.
Photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room of the present invention, the preparation method of wherein said photo-catalytic nano coating comprises the steps:
(A) each component in raw material is weighed one by one;
(B) wetting agent, dispersing agent are added in emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion, with 800 revs/min of abundant stir about 20~30min of rotating speed;
(C) add again photo-catalytic nano powder body material, fully disperse 30~60min with the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min, in the process stirring, add the defoamer of 1/3 weight and add thickener;
(D) last under the condition of 1500 revs/min of rotating speeds, add the deoxygenated water having mixed with coalescents, coupling agent, then add the defoamer of 2/3 remaining weight, be uniformly mixed 10 minutes, obtain photo-catalytic nano coating.
Photocatalyst decorative panel difference from prior art of the present invention is: decorative panel of the present invention has fire protection flame retarding, thermal insulation, sound insulation noise abatement, conditioning, air purification and decoration function, meets the theory of the green building such as low-carbon economy and recycling economy; Photocatalyst decorative panel of the present invention is produced by batch production, by the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate with fire prevention, thermal insulation, sound insulation noise abatement with there is the phase-change material of conditioning function and the nano photo-catalytic nano paint of air-cleaning function is mutually compound, make environmental functional decorative panel, the use function Composite, construction and installation component and the building system that realize green building material are integrated.
In photocatalyst decorative panel of the present invention, described foam micro-crystalline ceramic is processed into by foam micro-crystalline ceramic, foam micro-crystalline ceramic is taking industrial tailings waste residues such as cullet, flyash, gangues as raw material, add blowing agent, nucleator and Admixture etc., mix after crushed formation batch, then batch is put in special grinding tool, puts into electric furnace and heat, the novel porous micro-crystalline ceramic materials for wall of making through techniques such as preheating, melting, foaming, crystallization, annealing; The technical data of described foam micro-crystalline ceramic is: proportion: 0.1~0.6, and unit weight: 767~1076kg/m 3coefficient of thermal conductivity :≤0.029w/mk, water absorption rate: 5~20Vol%, compressive strength: 9~18MPa, rupture strength: 5.6~19MPa:, high-temperature capability: 740~800MPa, degree of fire resistance: >100, fireproof performance reaches country's " A " grade standard, energy acid resistance: 0.08~5.0, alkali resistance: 0.05~0.8, frost resistance: 0.03~0.38, not fluorine-containing chlorination charcoal and hydrogen fluorine chloric acid; Described conditioning layer is phase-change material (PCM-Phase Change Material), refers to vary with temperature and change physical property and the material of latent heat can be provided; Air purification layer is photo-catalytic nano coating, photocatalyst is a kind of general name of the photosemiconductor material with photo-catalysis function taking Nano titanium dioxide as representative, it coats substrate surface, under the effect of light, produce strong catalytic degradation function: toxic and harmful in the air of effectively degrading; Can effectively kill various bacteria, and the toxin that bacterium or fungi can be discharged decomposes and harmless treatment; Also possesses the function such as deodorizing, anti-soil simultaneously.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, photocatalyst decorative panel of the present invention is described further.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of photocatalyst decorative panel of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, photocatalyst decorative panel in a kind of multifunctional room, comprise successively from the inside to the outside heat insulation noise abatement layer 1, conditioning layer 2 and photocatalyst decorative layer 3, wherein, described heat insulation noise abatement layer 1 is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, described conditioning layer 2 is phase-change material, and described air purification layer 3 is photo-catalytic nano coating; Described photocatalyst decorative panel thickness is 12mm, and length and width are respectively 300mm × 300mm; Described conditioning layer 2 thickness are 2mm; The length and width of described foam micro-crystalline ceramic warming plate are 400mm × 600mm.
Described phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, and its water that is 0.3:1 by weight ratio and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash form, and described phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 230 parts;
French chalk: 200 parts;
Coarse whiting: 280 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 55 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 83 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 8 parts;
Viscosity is 100,000 cellulose ether: 5.5 parts;
Polypropylene fibre: 8 parts;
Wherein, phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and the cyst wall that the capsule-core that it is made up of the latent heat storage material that is greater than 95 % by weight and polymer form forms, and the weight ratio of described capsule-core and described cyst wall is 95:5; The fiber type of described polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, proportion is 0.91, tensile strength >358Mpa, fibre diameter is 18-48 μ m, fusing point >165 DEG C, elastic modulus G reatT.GreaT.GT3.5Gpa, tension limit >15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm or 19mm.The weight ratio of capsule-core and described cyst wall described in described phase-change material is 70~93:7~30, and transformation temperature is 23 DEG C, and latent heat is 204J/g.
Described photo-catalytic nano coating is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Solid content is 49% emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion: 200 parts;
Particle diameter is the photo-catalytic nano powder body material of 2~7nm: 39 parts;
Deoxygenated water: 650 parts;
Thickener: 5 parts;
Dispersing agent: 2 parts;
Wetting agent: 14 parts;
Coalescents: 25 parts;
Defoamer: 20 parts;
Coupling agent: 4 parts.
Described emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion is that mass ratio is VAE emulsion, the organic siliconresin emulsion of 5:2:3, the mixture of pure-acrylic emulsion; Described photo-catalytic nano powder body material is nano titanium oxide; Described thickener is polyurethanes; Calgon and the acrylic acid mixture of ammonium ion type of the quality such as described dispersing agent is; Described wetting agent pH value is 5.5, is lauryl sodium sulfate; Described coalescents is toluene alcohol; Described defoamer is that mass ratio is phosphoric acid lipid, mineral oils, the higher alcohol of 4:1:6:3, the mixture of PPG; Described coupling agent is silane coupler.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 1, photocatalyst decorative panel in a kind of multifunctional room, comprise successively from the inside to the outside heat insulation noise abatement layer 1, conditioning layer 2 and photocatalyst decorative layer 3, wherein, described heat insulation noise abatement layer 1 is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, described conditioning layer 2 is phase-change material, and described air purification layer 3 is photo-catalytic nano coating.Described photocatalyst decorative panel thickness is 32mm, and length and width are respectively 1200mm × 2400mm; Described conditioning layer 2 thickness are 5mm; The length and width of described foam micro-crystalline ceramic warming plate are 1220mm × 2440mm.
Described phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, and its water that is 0.4:1 by weight ratio and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash form, and described phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 300 parts;
French chalk: 150 parts;
Coarse whiting: 322 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 35 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 100 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 6.8 parts;
Viscosity is 100,000 cellulose ether: 7 parts;
Polypropylene fibre: 6.7 parts;
Wherein, phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and the cyst wall that the capsule-core that it is made up of the latent heat storage material that is greater than 95 % by weight and polymer form forms, and the weight ratio of described capsule-core and described cyst wall is 1:1; The fiber type of described polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, proportion is 0.91, tensile strength >358Mpa, fibre diameter is 18-48 μ m, fusing point >165 DEG C, elastic modulus G reatT.GreaT.GT3.5Gpa, tension limit >15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm or 19mm.The weight ratio of capsule-core and described cyst wall described in described phase-change material is 70~93:7~30, and transformation temperature is 23 DEG C, and latent heat is 204J/g.
Described photo-catalytic nano coating is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Solid content is 49% emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion: 340 parts;
Particle diameter is the photo-catalytic nano powder body material of 2~7nm: 20 parts;
Deoxygenated water: 820 parts;
Thickener: 4 parts;
Dispersing agent: 5 parts;
Wetting agent: 12 parts;
Coalescents: 40 parts;
Defoamer: 5 parts;
Coupling agent: 7 parts.
Described emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion is aqueous polyurethane emulsion; Described photo-catalytic nano powder body material is nano-negative ion; Described thickener is that mass ratio is the silica of 1:1 and the mixture of polyacrylate; Described dispersing agent is cithrol 200 or 400; Described wetting agent pH value is 7.5, for waiting the lauryl sodium sulfate and the mixture that pulls open powder of mass ratio; Described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol fat; Described defoamer is with the phosphoric acid lipid of any mass ratio, mineral oils, higher alcohol, PPG, polyethers, organosilyl mixture; Described coupling agent is titanate coupling agent.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Figure 1, photocatalyst decorative panel in a kind of multifunctional room, comprise successively from the inside to the outside heat insulation noise abatement layer 1, conditioning layer 2 and photocatalyst decorative layer 3, wherein, described heat insulation noise abatement layer 1 is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, described conditioning layer 2 is phase-change material, and described air purification layer 3 is photo-catalytic nano coating.Described photocatalyst decorative panel thickness is 20mm, and length and width are respectively 500mm × 500mm; Described conditioning layer 2 thickness are 4mm; The length and width of described foam micro-crystalline ceramic warming plate are 1200mm × 600mm.
Described phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, and its water that is 0.35:1 by weight ratio and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash form, and described phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 270 parts;
French chalk: 160 parts;
Coarse whiting: 300 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 45 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 95 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 7.6 parts;
Viscosity is 100,000 cellulose ether: 6.9 parts;
Polypropylene fibre: 7.2 parts;
Wherein, phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and the cyst wall that the capsule-core that it is made up of the latent heat storage material that is greater than 95 % by weight and polymer form forms, and the weight ratio of described capsule-core and described cyst wall is 71:45; The fiber type of described polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, proportion is 0.91, tensile strength >358Mpa, fibre diameter is 18-48 μ m, fusing point >165 DEG C, elastic modulus G reatT.GreaT.GT3.5Gpa, tension limit >15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm or 19mm.The weight ratio of capsule-core and described cyst wall described in described phase-change material is 70~93:7~30, and transformation temperature is 23 DEG C, and latent heat is 204J/g.
Described photo-catalytic nano coating is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Solid content is 49% emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion: 270 parts;
Particle diameter is the photo-catalytic nano powder body material of 2~7nm: 35 parts;
Deoxygenated water: 680 parts;
Thickener: 4.5 parts;
Dispersing agent: 3 parts;
Wetting agent: 13 parts;
Coalescents: 35 parts;
Defoamer: 15 parts;
Coupling agent: 5 parts.
Described emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion is styrene-acrylic emulsion; Described photo-catalytic nano powder body material is nano silicon; Described thickener is silica; Described dispersing agent is the mixture with the calgon of arbitrary proportion mixing, ammonium ion type acrylic acid, sodium polyphosphate, PTPP (potassium tripolyphosphate), tetrapotassium pyrophosphate, cithrol 200 or 400, polyacrylate; Described wetting agent pH value is 7, for pulling open powder; Described coalescents is butyl glycol ether; Described defoamer is mineral oils; Described coupling agent is aluminate coupling agent.
Embodiment 4
In multifunctional room, a preparation method for photocatalyst decorative panel, comprises the steps:
Step 1, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer 1: manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate is cut into the sheet material of setting size, its surface and corner polishing processing are processed, guarantee that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, the upright error under ±2 mm of external corner, removes the attachment of described plate surface;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating 2: preparation comprises the paste phase transformation flexible putty of phase-change material, directly criticize and smear described paste phase transformation flexible putty 2 times at the upper surface of the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate preparing with mechanical scraper plate, and criticizing and smearing thickness is 2mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer 3: adopt spray gun model W-77, jet size 1.5mm, flow 200ml/min, the airless spraying equipment of air pump pressure 0.3Mpa, be under the condition of 45 DEG C in temperature, photo-catalytic nano coating is evenly sprayed to the surface of the damping temperature-control coating 2 preparing, coating thickness is 5 microns, finally under the indoor conditions of 60 DEG C of temperature, dries 50 minutes;
The size that step 4, the sheet material that appearance is coated with to phase-change material and photo-catalytic nano coating become to set by machine cuts, obtains product.
Preferably, the preparation method of described paste phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in raw material is weighed one by one;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, organosilicon polymer hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre are dropped in mixer in order successively, disperse 20 minutes with the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min;
(3) French chalk is slowly poured in mixer and disperseed 15 minutes with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds with existing material;
(4) finally white cement and coarse whiting are progressively joined in mixer and existing mixing of materials, with 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring 15 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling was for subsequent use.
The preparation method of described photo-catalytic nano coating comprises the steps:
(A) each component in raw material is weighed one by one;
(B) wetting agent, dispersing agent are added in emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion, with 800 revs/min of abundant stir about 20min of rotating speed;
(C) add again photo-catalytic nano powder body material, fully disperse 30min with the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min, in the process stirring, add the defoamer of 1/3 weight and add thickener;
(D) last under the condition of 1500 revs/min of rotating speeds, add the deoxygenated water having mixed with coalescents, coupling agent, then add the defoamer of 2/3 remaining weight, be uniformly mixed 10 minutes, obtain photo-catalytic nano coating.
Embodiment 5
In multifunctional room, a preparation method for photocatalyst decorative panel, comprises the steps:
Step 1, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer 1: manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate is cut into the sheet material of setting size, its surface and corner polishing processing are processed, guarantee that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, the upright error under ±2 mm of external corner, removes the attachment of described plate surface;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating 2: preparation comprises the paste phase transformation flexible putty of phase-change material, directly criticize and smear described paste phase transformation flexible putty 3 times at the upper surface of the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate preparing with mechanical scraper plate, and criticizing and smearing thickness is 5mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer 3: adopt spray gun model W-77, jet size 2.0mm, flow 450ml/min, the airless spraying equipment of air pump pressure 0.6Mpa, be under the condition of 45 DEG C in temperature, photo-catalytic nano coating is evenly sprayed to the surface of the damping temperature-control coating 2 preparing, coating thickness is 10 microns, finally under the indoor conditions of 90 DEG C of temperature, dries 50 minutes;
The size that step 4, the sheet material that appearance is coated with to phase-change material and photo-catalytic nano coating become to set by machine cuts, obtains product.
Preferably, the preparation method of described paste phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in raw material is weighed one by one;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, organosilicon polymer hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre are dropped in mixer in order successively, disperse 30 minutes with the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min;
(3) French chalk is slowly poured in mixer and disperseed 15 minutes with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds with existing material;
(4) finally white cement and coarse whiting are progressively joined in mixer and existing mixing of materials, with 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring 15 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling was for subsequent use.
The preparation method of described photo-catalytic nano coating comprises the steps:
(A) each component in raw material is weighed one by one;
(B) wetting agent, dispersing agent are added in emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion, with 800 revs/min of abundant stir about 30min of rotating speed;
(C) add again photo-catalytic nano powder body material, fully disperse 60min with the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min, in the process stirring, add the defoamer of 1/3 weight and add thickener;
(D) last under the condition of 1500 revs/min of rotating speeds, add the deoxygenated water having mixed with coalescents, coupling agent, then add the defoamer of 2/3 remaining weight, be uniformly mixed 10 minutes, obtain photo-catalytic nano coating.
Above-described embodiment is described the preferred embodiment of the present invention; not scope of the present invention is limited; design under the prerequisite of spirit not departing from the present invention; various distortion and improvement that those of ordinary skill in the art make technical scheme of the present invention, all should fall in the definite protection domain of the claims in the present invention book.

Claims (9)

1. photocatalyst decorative panel in a multifunctional room, it is characterized in that: comprise successively from the inside to the outside heat insulation noise abatement layer (1), conditioning layer (2) and photocatalyst decorative layer (3), wherein, described heat insulation noise abatement layer (1) is foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate, described conditioning layer (2) is phase-change material, and described air purification layer (3) is photo-catalytic nano coating.
2. photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described photocatalyst decorative panel thickness is 12mm~32mm, length and width are respectively 300mm × 300mm, 400mm × 400mm, 500mm × 500mm, 600mm × 600mm, 800mm × 800mm, 600mm × 600mm, 600mm × 1200mm or 1200mm × 2400mm; Described conditioning layer (2) thickness is 2mm~5mm; The length and width of described foam micro-crystalline ceramic warming plate are 1220mm × 2440mm, 1200mm × 600mm, 800mm × 600mm or 400mm × 600mm.
3. photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described phase-change material is phase transformation flexible putty, its water that is 0.3~0.4:1 by weight ratio and phase transformation flexible putty dry mash form, and described phase transformation flexible putty dry mash is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by weight:
White cement: 230~300 parts;
French chalk: 150~200 parts;
Coarse whiting: 280~322 parts;
Redispersible polymer glue powder: 35~55 parts;
Sizing phase-change material: 83~100 parts;
Organosilicon polymer hydrophober: 6.8~8 parts;
Viscosity is 100,000 cellulose ether: 5.5~7 parts;
Polypropylene fibre: 6.7~8 parts;
Wherein, described sizing phase-change material is BASF microcapsules energy storage powder, and the cyst wall that the capsule-core that it is made up of the latent heat storage material that is greater than 95 % by weight and polymer form forms, and the weight ratio of described capsule-core and described cyst wall is 50~95:5~50; The fiber type of described polypropylene fibre is pencil monofilament, proportion is 0.91, tensile strength >358Mpa, fibre diameter is 18-48 μ m, fusing point >165 DEG C, elastic modulus G reatT.GreaT.GT3.5Gpa, tension limit >15%, fiber dimensious is 3mm, 6mm, 9mm or 19mm.
4. photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the weight ratio of capsule-core and described cyst wall described in described phase-change material is 70~93:7~30, and transformation temperature is 23 DEG C, and latent heat is 204J/g.
5. photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described photo-catalytic nano coating is made up of the material of following weight portion:
Solid content is 49% emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion: 200~340 parts;
Particle diameter is the photo-catalytic nano powder body material of 2~7nm: 20~39 parts;
Deoxygenated water: 650~820 parts;
Thickener: 4~5 parts;
Dispersing agent: 2~5 parts;
Wetting agent: 12~14 parts;
Coalescents: 25~40 parts;
Defoamer: 5~20 parts;
Coupling agent: 4~7 parts.
6. photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room according to claim 5, is characterized in that:
Described emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion is one or more the mixture in VAE emulsion, organic siliconresin emulsion, pure-acrylic emulsion, elasticity pure-acrylic emulsion, benzene emulsion, styrene-acrylic emulsion, acrylate copolymer emulsion, organosilicon-acrylic emulsion, aqueous epoxy resin emulsion, aqueous polyurethane emulsion;
Described photo-catalytic nano powder body material is one or more the mixture in nano titanium oxide, nanometer titanium phosphate, nano silicon, nano-negative ion;
Described thickener is one or more the mixture in cellulose family, silica, polyacrylate, polyurethanes;
Described dispersing agent is one or more the mixture in calgon, ammonium ion type acrylic acid, sodium polyphosphate, PTPP (potassium tripolyphosphate), tetrapotassium pyrophosphate, cithrol 200 or 400, polyacrylate;
Described wetting agent pH value is 5.5~7.5, for lauryl sodium sulfate, pull open one or more the mixture in powder, diisobutyl sodium naphthalene sulfonate, glycerin monostearate;
Described coalescents is Lauryl Alcohol fat, butyl glycol ether, propane diols phenylate or toluene alcohol;
Described defoamer is one or more the mixture in phosphoric acid lipid, mineral oils, higher alcohol, PPG, polyethers, organosilicon;
Described coupling agent is one or more the mixture in silane coupler, titanate coupling agent, aluminate coupling agent.
7. a preparation method for photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room, is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
Step 1, prepare heat insulation noise abatement layer (1): manufactured foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate is cut into the sheet material of setting size, its surface and corner polishing processing are processed, guarantee that upper surface is smooth, horizontal error ± 2mm, facade vertical error ± 1mm, the upright error under ±2 mm of external corner, removes the attachment of described plate surface;
Step 2, preparation damping temperature-control coating (2): preparation comprises the paste phase transformation flexible putty of phase-change material, directly criticize and smear described paste phase transformation flexible putty 2~3 times at the upper surface of the foam micro-crystalline ceramic plate preparing with mechanical scraper plate, and criticizing and smearing thickness is 2~5mm;
Step 3, prepare air purification layer (3): prepare photo-catalytic nano coating, adopt spray gun model W-77, jet size 1.5~2.0mm, flow 200~450ml/min, the airless spraying equipment of air pump pressure 0.3-0.6Mpa, is under the condition of 45 DEG C in temperature, photo-catalytic nano coating is evenly sprayed to the surface of the damping temperature-control coating (2) preparing, coating thickness is 5-10 micron, finally under the indoor conditions of 60~90 DEG C of temperature, dries 50 minutes;
The size that step 4, the sheet material that appearance is coated with to phase-change material and photo-catalytic nano coating become to set by machine cuts, obtains product.
8. the preparation method of photocatalyst decorative panel in multifunctional room according to claim 7, is characterized in that: the preparation method of described paste phase transformation flexible putty comprises the steps:
(1) each component in raw material is weighed one by one;
(2) water, redispersible polymer glue powder, sizing phase-change material, organosilicon polymer hydrophober, cellulose ether and polypropylene fibre are dropped in mixer in order successively, disperse 20~30 minutes with the rotating speeds of 800 revs/min;
(3) French chalk is slowly poured in mixer and disperseed 15 minutes with 800 revs/min of rotating speeds with existing material;
(4) finally white cement and coarse whiting are progressively joined in mixer and existing mixing of materials, with 1200 revs/min of dispersed with stirring 15 minutes, until slurry is become the paste of even thickness by mix, discharging barrelling was for subsequent use.
9. according to the preparation method of photocatalyst decorative panel in the multifunctional room described in claim 7 or 8, it is characterized in that: the preparation method of described photo-catalytic nano coating comprises the steps:
(A) each component in raw material is weighed one by one;
(B) wetting agent, dispersing agent are added in emulsion type synthetic polymer emulsion, with 800 revs/min of abundant stir about 20~30min of rotating speed;
(C) add again photo-catalytic nano powder body material, fully disperse 30~60min with the rotating speeds of 1500 revs/min, in the process stirring, add the defoamer of 1/3 weight and add thickener;
(D) last under the condition of 1500 revs/min of rotating speeds, add the deoxygenated water having mixed with coalescents, coupling agent, then add the defoamer of 2/3 remaining weight, be uniformly mixed 10 minutes, obtain photo-catalytic nano coating.
CN201410109179.4A 2014-03-22 2014-03-22 Photocatalyst decorative panel and preparation method thereof in a kind of multifunctional room Expired - Fee Related CN103924755B (en)

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