CN103922844B - A kind of containing humic acid rush fertilising and preparation method - Google Patents

A kind of containing humic acid rush fertilising and preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103922844B
CN103922844B CN201410157062.3A CN201410157062A CN103922844B CN 103922844 B CN103922844 B CN 103922844B CN 201410157062 A CN201410157062 A CN 201410157062A CN 103922844 B CN103922844 B CN 103922844B
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China
Prior art keywords
humic acid
fertilising
water
fermentation
sulfate
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410157062.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103922844A (en
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张彩年
岳万华
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Sino-Agri Shuntian Ecological Fertilizer Industry Co Ltd
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Sino-Agri Shuntian Ecological Fertilizer Industry Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fertilising of rushing containing humic acid, this punching fertilising is made up of humic acid, urea, ferrous sulfate, potassium sulfate, zinc sulfate, magnesium sulfate, borax, acidifying bone mud, fermentation pine needle meal, molasses, plant derivant, fermented bacterium, produce thus rush fertilising Powdered, dry, loose, water-soluble. Containing organic matter, humic acid, trace element etc., wherein humic acid >=5%, trace element >=8%. This punching fertilising has fertilizer synergistic, improves soil, stimulates plant growth, improves the functions such as agricultural product quality. Prove through field test, on vegetables, rate of growth is all between 9.5-15%, and on the fruit tree such as apple, peach, rate of growth is more than 8.3%.

Description

A kind of containing humic acid rush fertilising and preparation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to fertilizer production technology field, be specifically related to a kind of punching fertilising, relate in particular to a kind of containing humic acidPunching fertilising and preparation method.
Background technology
As everyone knows, due to using of a large amount of chemical fertilizer, in soil, the inorganic elements of enrichment increases, cause soil organicMatter and beneficial microbe sharply reduce, and make soil compaction, and preserve moisture and fertility ability reduces, and the conversion of matter and energy is obstructed, withTime, utilization rate of fertilizer constantly reduces, and the loss that a large amount of chemical fertilizer are accumulated in soil causes the severe contamination of environment, deteriorating water quality,Agricultural product severe contamination. Along with becoming more meticulous of agricultural planting, crops topdress inevitable by traditional universal fertilizer product to speciallyWith fertilizer transformation, improvement soil, the fertilising of rushing of improve utilization rate of fertilizer, producing tailored version for the nutritional need of crop Stage of Top DressingIt is a kind of inexorable trend. At present, although there are some punching fertilising products on market, mainly taking inorganic fertilizer as main, cannot playActivating soil, improves fertilizer efficiency, reduces the effect of fertilizer application amount. Because punching fertilising needs soluble, easy absorption, fertilizer efficiency fast, instituteWith most of manufacturing enterprise taking inorganic ease of solubility chemical fertilizer as main, if with fertilizer as punching fertilising product, due to Organic IngredientsInsoluble has increased the technical difficulty of producing.
At present, the organic fertilizer raw material on market is various, mainly taking the humic acid such as feces of livestock and poultry and plant straw, weathered coal asRaw material, forms by fermentation maturity, and water-soluble very poor, crop absorption ratio is low, is difficult to for producing punching fertilising.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of good water solubility, crop absorption ratio is high, and nutrient comprehensively rushes fertilising, to solve the back of the bodyThe low technical problem of punching fertilising absorption rate in scape technology, thus the productive rate of raising agricultural product reduces agricultural product production cost.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions, a kind of containing humic acid rush fertilising by following weight portionRaw material make:
Humic acid 40-50 part, urea 10-20 part, ferrous sulfate 5-8 part, potassium sulfate 6-10 part, zinc sulfate 3-6 part, sulfuric acidMagnesium 3-6 part, borax 3-6 part, acidifying bone mud 20-30 part, fermentation pine needle meal 10-15 part, 0.01-0.03 part, molasses, plant inductionAgent 1-3 part, fermented bacterium 0.03-0.07 part.
Preferably, 45 parts of humic acid, 15 parts, urea, 6 parts, ferrous sulfate, 8 parts of potassium sulfates, 5 parts, zinc sulfate, 4 parts, magnesium sulfate,5 parts of boraxs, 25 parts, acidifying bone mud, 13 parts of pine needle meals of fermentation, 0.02 part, molasses, 2 parts of plant derivants, 0.05 part of fermented bacterium.
The extraction of described humic acid: by air-dry and be ground into more than 80 orders bog soil in water: soil adds for 10:l ratio0.2mol/LHCl solution stirs, then leaves standstill the supernatant liquor that inclines, and sediment adds the 0.5mol/LNaOH solution 24h that suitably vibrates,Hold over night, centrifugation, separates the solution that obtains soy sauce shape and is sodium humate solution, then by sodium humate solution at 60-After 70 DEG C of constant temperature water baths, mixture is left standstill to 24h, allows its sedimentation separation voluntarily, separate and remove upper strata sour water, sediment spend fromSon is washed to without Cl and detects, and then humic acid is drawn out and is dried, and finally obtains humus acid.
The preparation of described fermentation pine needle meal: first molasses are diluted with boiling water, the ratio of molasses and water is 1:1000, treats waterAfter cold, drop into fermented bacterium (the wood chip compost fermentation bacterial classification that Guangzhou Nongguan Biotech Co., Ltd. produces) and ferrous sulfate,And oxygen supply aeration, after 72 hours, obtain bacterium liquid, pour bacterium liquid into useless mash pond and expand numerous for subsequent use; Be that 80 object pine needle meals are thrown by finenessBe put in ready fermentation vat, pour the useless mash with flora into fermentation vat, useless mash is fully adsorbed, heap heap is sent outFerment, fermentation temperature general control, between 60-70 DEG C, makes its slaking fermentation 25-35 days, and the post-drying of having fermented is crossed 60 mesh sieves.
The preparation of described acidifying bone mud: select the more than 20% bone mud of phosphorus content, the dilute sulfuric acid of bone mud and 20-30% concentration is pressedAfter the ratio of 2-4:1 stirs, pH value reaches 5-6, is incubated after 48 hours, and available phosphorus can reach 80-90%, after drying, crosses 80 ordersSieve stand-by.
The preparation of described derivant: the shitosan of 1 part of weight is dissolved in to the hydrochloric acid that 2~3 parts of concentration expressed in percentage by weights are 18%In solution, under 50 DEG C of conditions, fully stir, dissolve after 24-36 hours, dried 80 mesh sieves and obtain derivant.
A kind of preparation method who rushes fertilising containing humic acid: first by urea, potassium sulfate, zinc sulfate, magnesium sulfate, borax powderBe broken into 80 mesh sieves carefully not, then join in the mixture of humic acid, acidifying bone mud, fermentation pine needle meal, plant derivant,After stirring, packaging solid-state punching fertilising.
Produce thus to rush fertilising Powdered, dry, loose, water-soluble. Containing organic matter, humic acid, trace elementDeng, wherein humic acid >=5%, trace element >=8%.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the present invention, owing to being rich in humic acid, trace element, plant growth regulator, has fertilizerExpect synergy, improve soil, stimulate plant growth, improve the functions such as agricultural product quality. Between each element, not only not producing antagonism doesWith, and can mutually promote, being very easily absorbed by plants, and being difficult for by soil fixing, the effect of fertilizer can be given full play of, and executesWith rear, can meet the needs of the various nutrition of crop, the especially needs of crop trace element, the good absorbing of crop, fertilizer efficiency is high, andDo not make soil compaction.
Field test data
1. test period is carried out in winter-spring season in 2012 with ground experimental tests, and experimental plot is chosen in protection ground, Yinan County vegetablesProduce the green house of vegetables in emphasis town Soviet Union villages and small towns.
For examination soil for examination soil before stubble be tomato, the soil liver soil of being born in the year of horse, Field Fertility is medium, is evenly distributed.
3. be tomato for studying thing for studying thing, kind is Zhongza 101, is that Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences's vegetable or flower grindsStudy carefully be bred as. This product plant indeterminate growth type, pink large fruit. Its outstanding feature is that growing way is strong, fruit is large, and product are of fine quality, anti-4 kindsAbove disease.
4. experimental design is established 2 processing, is respectively: (1) control group: conventional fertilizer application; (2) test group: at conventional fertilizer applicationOn basis, root is filled with the fertilising of rushing containing humic acid. Experiment and demonstration area is 100m2, it is respectively 50m that contrast and test group are processed2
5. field management measure adopts culturing and transplanting seedlings. Before field planting, lOd left and right covers greenhouse film, executes Chicken dung2000kg/667m2, 45% NPK 50kg/667m2, after the thin rake of deep ploughing, make flat furrow, in the middle of canopy, stay the wide people's walking of 40cmRoad, then covers mulch film and closes canopy and heat. Field planting line-spacing 70cm, spacing in the rows 50cm, 2000 strains/667m plants2Left and right, " containing humicAcid rush fertilising " consumption 8.0kg/667m2, doubly water in conjunction with watering normal root water dilution l000. Field planting live after 5 joint following side shoot completePortion destroys, and on it, side shoot stays 2 leaves to pinch off young shoots after seeing melon.
6 result of the tests
1. the impact on tomato production, in table 1.
Table 1 is containing the impact of applying fertilizer on tomato production of rushing of humic acid
Process II community, I community, community III average product and amount to output volume increase rate of growth
(kg/Mei community) (kg/667cm 2 )(kg/667cm 2 )%
Control group 136.9148.2129.3138.28290.0------
Test group 153.1153.9163.5156.89410.01120.013.51
As can be seen from Table 1, tomato production pouring is western red containing the test group of rushing fertilising and the control treatment of humic acidPersimmon increases l120.Okg/667m2, rate of growth 13.51%.
2. contain the impact of applying fertilizer on tomato economic benefit of rushing of humic acid, in table 2.
Table 2 is containing the impact of applying fertilizer on tomato economic benefit of rushing of humic acid
Process the average benefit benefit of II community, I community, community III and increase income rate
(unit/every community) (unit/667cm 2 ) (unit/667cm 2 )%
Control group 154.9165.2148.1156.19663.20------
Test group 164.8168.7180.4171.310277.10913.99.76
Each processing is carried out to COMPREHENSIVE CALCULATING according to gathering of different times with price at that time, and tomato is used containing humic acidRush fertilising and can obtain certain economic benefit, compared with the control, it is 913.9 yuan/667m that test group increases income2. Therefore, use containing rottenGrow acid rush fertilising on Crops ', can obtain higher economic benefit.
Meanwhile, also on cucumber, Chinese cabbage, made field test, rate of growth is all between 9.5-15%, in apple, peach etc.On fruit tree, do evidence, rate of growth is also more than 8.3%.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment mono-: urea 15kg, potassium sulfate 8kg, zinc sulfate 5kg, magnesium sulfate 4kg, borax 5kg were ground into 80 ordersSieve carefully not, then join the mixing of humic acid 45kg, acidifying bone mud 25kg, fermentation pine needle meal 13kg, plant derivant 2kgIn thing, after stirring, packaging solid-state punching fertilising.
Embodiment bis-: urea 10kg, potassium sulfate 10kg, zinc sulfate 3kg, magnesium sulfate 6kg, borax 3kg were ground into 80Mesh sieve carefully not, then join the mixed of humic acid 40kg, acidifying bone mud 30kg, fermentation pine needle meal 10kg, plant derivant 1kgIn compound, after stirring, packaging solid-state punching fertilising.
Embodiment tri-: urea 20kg, potassium sulfate 6kg, zinc sulfate 6kg, magnesium sulfate 3kg, borax 6kg were ground into 80 ordersSieve carefully not, then join the mixing of humic acid 50kg, acidifying bone mud 20kg, fermentation pine needle meal 15kg, plant derivant 3kgIn thing, after stirring, packaging solid-state punching fertilising.

Claims (1)

1. containing the fertilising of rushing of humic acid, this punching fertilising is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: humic acid 40-50 part, urea10-20 part, ferrous sulfate 5-8 part, potassium sulfate 6-10 part, zinc sulfate 3-6 part, magnesium sulfate 3-6 part, borax 3-6 part, acidifying bone mud20-30 part, fermentation pine needle meal 10-15 part, 0.01-0.03 part, molasses, plant derivant 1-3 part, fermented bacterium 0.03-0.07Part, it is characterized in that the extraction of described humic acid: by air-dry and be ground into more than 80 orders bog soil in water: soil is 10:l ratioAdd 0.2mol/LHCl solution and stir, then leave standstill the supernatant liquor that inclines, sediment adds 0.5mol/LNaOH solution and suitably vibrates24h, hold over night, centrifugation, the solution that separation obtains soy sauce shape is sodium humate solution, then by sodium humate solutionAfter 60-70 DEG C of constant temperature water bath, mixture is left standstill to 24h, allow its sedimentation separation voluntarily, separate and remove upper strata sour water, sedimentBe washed till without Cl and detect by deionized water, then humic acid is drawn out and dried, finally obtain humus acid; Described fermentation pine needle mealPreparation: first molasses are diluted with boiling water, the ratio of molasses and water is 1:1000, after water-cooled, drops into fermented bacterium and sulphurAcid is ferrous, and oxygen supply aeration, obtains bacterium liquid after 72 hours, pours bacterium liquid into useless mash pond and expands numerous for subsequent use; Be 80 objects by finenessPine needle meal is rendered in ready fermentation vat, pours the useless mash with flora into fermentation vat, useless mash is fully adsorbed, heapHeap ferments, and fermentation temperature general control, between 60-70 DEG C, makes its slaking fermentation 25-35 days, and the post-drying of having fermented crosses 60Mesh sieve; The preparation of described acidifying bone mud: select the more than 20% bone mud of phosphorus content, the dilute sulfuric acid of bone mud and 20-30% concentration is pressed 2-After the ratio of 4:1 stirs, pH value reaches 5-6, is incubated after 48 hours, and available phosphorus can reach 80-90%, after drying, crosses 80 mesh sievesStand-by; The preparation of described derivant: the shitosan of 1 part of weight is dissolved in to the hydrochloric acid solution that 2~3 parts of concentration expressed in percentage by weights are 18%In, under 50 DEG C of conditions, fully stir, dissolve after 24-36 hours, dry 80 mesh sieves and obtained derivant.
CN201410157062.3A 2014-04-19 2014-04-19 A kind of containing humic acid rush fertilising and preparation method Expired - Fee Related CN103922844B (en)

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CN104355774A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-02-18 砀山县沃福农业发展有限公司 Special organic-inorganic compound fertilizer for apples
CN105016882A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-11-04 合肥众月健康科技有限公司 Liquid fertilizer resisting transpiration and preparation method thereof
CN108821909A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-16 南宁市英德肥业有限责任公司 Utilize molasses humic acid production organic-inorganic fertilizer specially for peanut and preparation method thereof

Citations (4)

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CN101891531A (en) * 2010-06-23 2010-11-24 重庆鼎运植物肥有限公司 Organic plant fertilizer
CN102531793A (en) * 2012-02-21 2012-07-04 常熟市方塔涂料化工有限公司 Composite fertilizer special for dragon fruits
CN102863278A (en) * 2011-07-06 2013-01-09 訾兆举 Water flush fertilizer containing dual-acid chelating-type trace elements
CN103408345A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-11-27 中农舜天生态肥业有限公司 Humic acid synergistic composite fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20120099873A (en) * 2011-03-02 2012-09-12 김정환 Eco-friendly custom crop rhizodegradation enzyme complexes

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101891531A (en) * 2010-06-23 2010-11-24 重庆鼎运植物肥有限公司 Organic plant fertilizer
CN102863278A (en) * 2011-07-06 2013-01-09 訾兆举 Water flush fertilizer containing dual-acid chelating-type trace elements
CN102531793A (en) * 2012-02-21 2012-07-04 常熟市方塔涂料化工有限公司 Composite fertilizer special for dragon fruits
CN103408345A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-11-27 中农舜天生态肥业有限公司 Humic acid synergistic composite fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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