CN103922099A - Container floor paving device and method - Google Patents

Container floor paving device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103922099A
CN103922099A CN201310015386.9A CN201310015386A CN103922099A CN 103922099 A CN103922099 A CN 103922099A CN 201310015386 A CN201310015386 A CN 201310015386A CN 103922099 A CN103922099 A CN 103922099A
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China
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floor
container
drive
floors
equipment
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CN201310015386.9A
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CN103922099B (en
Inventor
范健
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QINGDAO CIMIC CO Ltd
China International Marine Containers Group Co Ltd
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QINGDAO CIMIC CO Ltd
China International Marine Containers Group Co Ltd
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Publication of CN103922099A publication Critical patent/CN103922099A/en
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Publication of CN103922099B publication Critical patent/CN103922099B/en
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Abstract

Disclosed is a container floor paving device and method. The paving device comprises a material preparing mechanism, a group of tracks, a walking mechanism, at least one lifting mechanism and at least one gripping mechanism, wherein the material preparing mechanism is used for conveying floors to a floor gripping station, the tracks are arranged along the longitudinal direction, the walking mechanism can walk back and forth along the tracks, the lifting mechanism can go up and down relative to the walking mechanism, and the gripping mechanism is used for gripping the floors. The paving method includes that the material preparing mechanism conveys the floors to the floor gripping station; then the lifting mechanism drives the gripping mechanism to go down to grip the floors, the gripping mechanism and the floors are driven by the lifting mechanism to go up, finally, the walking mechanism drives the gripping mechanism and the floors to perform translation towards the inside of a container, after all floors are moved into the container, the lifting mechanism goes down to drive the gripping mechanism to go down so as to put down the floors, and floor paving is completed. The floor paving device is good in synchronism and high in reliability. The floor paving method is high in paving efficiency and capable of saving labor and time.

Description

Container floor mat formation equipment and method for paving
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of manufacturing equipment and method of freight container, relate in particular to a kind of method of mat formation equipment and the container floor of mating formation of container floor.
Background technology
Freight container generally includes a horizontally disposed underframe, and erects at the door end, of length over end sills direction one end and erect at the headwall, two of the other end of length over end sills direction and erect respectively at the side wall of width over side sills direction both sides and be horizontally set on the top board at an end, side wall and headwall top.On underframe, be equipped with floor, floor can be wood covering, can be also steel floor, can also be composite floor board.When container production, conventionally need first after underframe, Men Duan, headwall and both walls assembling, then underframe upper berth in freight container loads onto floor the needs when meeting goods transport.
Early stage container wood floor is mated formation, and what adopt is complete manually-operated mode, that is to say by several workmans and carries out carrying work, and required wood covering of mating formation is directly transported in freight container, put down floor, and as prescribed is arranged and completed floor.But, this kind manually mat formation wood covering mode need several workmans carry out work simultaneously, workman's physical demands is larger, poor stability, inefficiency, can not meet high rhythm need of production.
In order to meet the need of production of high rhythm, a kind of improved wood covering laying device and method for paving are there is, if open day is on August 9th, 2006, publication number is the patent of invention of CN1814524A, it discloses a kind of wood floor laying device for container and laying method thereof, this device comprises: container supporting device and crane group, container supporting device is in order to the body transom of support set vanning, many group crane groups are preset on ground and space one preset distance, every group of crane group is made up of two cranes that are oppositely arranged between two, each crane has raised position and a reset position of a placement wood covering, the vertex of the crane in reset position is lower than the nadir of the bottom side beams of freight container.While mating formation floor, first that freight container is in place, crane is risen from the gap of bottom side beams, in raised position, afterwards, wood covering is placed on the crane of the outer crane group of case by workman, longitudinally by the tourelle on bracket that passes through of one one of wood covering, pushed in case again.Although this wood covering laying apparatus has alleviated workman's labour intensity, has improved work efficiency, this wood covering laying apparatus digs melt pit under needing, so equipment investment macrostructure complexity, and this wood covering laying apparatus comprises many cranes, each crane all needs to be equipped with one to be promoted cylinder or promotes oil cylinder as lifting drive, so cost is larger, and work alone between each crane, but while transmission on floor, between each crane, need again work compound, so poor synchronization, cause floor transmission to have some setbacks, and crane One's name is legion, the probability that infringement or malfunction occur is just high, once there be a crane to damage or malfunction, to cause whole wood covering laying apparatus strike, so, the poor reliability of this wood covering laying apparatus, in addition, this wood covering laying apparatus is in the time of laying floor, after need to waiting for that freight container conveying is in place, again floor is placed on and on crane, carries out floor transmission, so cause freight container operation in place can not synchronize and carry out with floor operation in place, waste wait time, cause Floor Covering efficiency low.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to overcome the deficiency that above-mentioned prior art exists, and proposes a kind of container floor equipment of mating formation, and its device synchronization is good, and reliability is high.
The deficiency existing in order to overcome above-mentioned prior art, the present invention also provides a kind of container floor method for paving, and its efficiency of mating formation is high, time saving and energy saving.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention proposes a kind of container floor equipment of mating formation, and comprising: the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready, and the door end outside that it is arranged on freight container, is delivered to floor by floor and captures station; One group of track, longitudinally arranges; One traveling gear, it can walk back and forth and stretch into internal container or away from freight container along described track; At least one lifting mechanism, described lifting mechanism is connected with described traveling gear and can be with respect to described traveling gear lifting; And, at least one grasping mechanism, described grasping mechanism be arranged on the below of described lifting mechanism and be positioned at described in the get the raw materials ready top of mechanism, the bottom of described grasping mechanism is provided with grabber piece.
The described container floor equipment of mating formation, wherein, the described mechanism that gets the raw materials ready comprises: in order to carry the transmission assembly on floor and to be arranged on the stop catch plate near container door end position, described transmission assembly is delivered to floor the outside of container door end along the longitudinal, and described stop catch plate is along horizontally set.
The described container floor equipment of mating formation, wherein, described transmission assembly is two groups, and two groups of transmission assemblies are symmetric along the longitudinal centerline of the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready, the described mechanism that gets the raw materials ready also comprises two group code homogeneous components, the corresponding one group of transmission assembly of every group code homogeneous component, described code homogeneous component comprises: side shield, thruster plate and thruster sheet drive, side shield is longitudinally arranged on a side of described transmission assembly and is positioned at the middle part of the Width of the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready, thruster plate is longitudinally arranged on the opposite side of described transmission assembly and is positioned at the outside of the Width of the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready, side shield is fixed with respect to transmission assembly, thruster plate be connected with thruster sheet drive with drive thruster plate near or move away from the direction of side shield, between two side shields of two group code homogeneous components, there is appropriate intervals.
The described container floor equipment of mating formation, wherein, the part of the close front end of the described mechanism that gets the raw materials ready is provided with the guide rail of horizontally set, each side shield of described two group code homogeneous components is connected with respectively actuator, the side shield that described actuator can drive two group code homogeneous components along described guide rail slide and mutually near or mutually away from, and then change the size of space between the side shield of two group code homogeneous components.
The described container floor equipment of mating formation, wherein, described traveling gear is driving.
The described container floor equipment of mating formation, wherein, the quantity of described lifting mechanism is one, described lifting mechanism comprises: a drive motor, at least one chain wheel set, many chains and a crane, described drive motor is arranged on described traveling gear, described chain is wrapped in described chain wheel set, described crane and described chain are fixedly connected with and are suspended in by described chain the below of described traveling gear, each chain wheel set is connected with described drive motor, drive each chain wheel set rotation and make described chain upstream or downstream by described drive motor, and then drive described crane to rise or decline.
The described container floor equipment of mating formation, wherein, described lifting mechanism also comprises: at least one guidepost being vertically fixed on described crane, is provided with the guide groove inserting for described guidepost on described traveling gear.
The described container floor equipment of mating formation, wherein, described grasping mechanism also comprises a frame, described grabber piece is arranged on the below of described frame.
The described container floor equipment of mating formation, wherein, described grabber piece is vacuum cup or electromagnet.
The described container floor equipment of mating formation, wherein, the described container floor equipment of mating formation also comprises at least one steering hardware, described steering hardware is arranged on the below of described lifting mechanism, the quantity of described steering hardware is identical with the quantity of described grasping mechanism, each grasping mechanism is connected to the bottom of a steering hardware, to drive described grasping mechanism to rotate with respect to described lifting mechanism.
The described container floor equipment of mating formation, wherein, described steering hardware comprises: a driving gear, a servomotor, a driven gear and a rotating shaft, described driven gear engages with described driving gear, the middle part of described driven gear is provided with the through hole penetrating for rotating shaft, described driven gear and described rotating shaft are fixed together, described grasping mechanism is fixed in described rotating shaft, described servomotor is connected to drive described driving gear to rotate with described driving gear, and then drive described driven gear to rotate, finally drive described rotating shaft and described grasping mechanism to rotate.
The described container floor equipment of mating formation, wherein, when the quantity of described grasping mechanism or described steering hardware is when more than two, described Floor Covering equipment also comprises: at least one transverse-moving mechanism, described transverse-moving mechanism comprises: a crossbeam, two guide rails, two guide pin bushings, one motor and two leading screws, described crossbeam is along being laterally fixed on described lifting mechanism, described two guide rails are arranged on respectively the two ends of described crossbeam and the length direction of each guide rail is all consistent with the length direction of crossbeam, described two guide pin bushings are set in the chute that on described crossbeam two ends and each guide pin bushing, setting coordinates with each guide rail respectively, described motor is arranged on the middle part of crossbeam, described two screw mandrels are connected with described motor respectively, on each screw mandrel, be set with a pair of nut, described two guide pin bushings are fixedly connected with two pair of nut respectively, a steering hardware and a grasping mechanism are installed in the lower end of each guide pin bushing.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention also provides a kind of container floor method for paving, comprises the steps.
Step a, start the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready, floor is delivered to floor and captures station, meanwhile, start traveling gear along track travel, lifting mechanism and grasping mechanism are moved to floor and capture the top of station.
Step b, start lifting mechanism, make it drive grasping mechanism to decline, when the grabber piece on grasping mechanism is during near floor, start grabber piece, capture floor.
Step c, again start lifting mechanism, make it drive grasping mechanism to rise.
Steps d, again start traveling gear, make it drive lifting mechanism, grasping mechanism and floor to internal container translation.
Step e, all move into after internal container until floor, start lifting mechanism, make it drive grasping mechanism to decline, during near chassis of container, discharge grasping mechanism until floor, floor is dropped down onto on chassis of container, container floor has been mated formation.
Described container floor method for paving, wherein, in described step a, described in the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready longitudinally floor grouping is delivered to floor and captures station.
Described container floor method for paving, wherein, in described step a, floor is divided into two groups in the time being transported to floor crawl station, two groups of floors are symmetric with respect to longitudinal centerline, and have interval between two groups of floors, longitudinally slitless connection successively of every group of floor.
Described container floor method for paving, wherein, after described step c, and before described steps d, also comprises step c1: start steering hardware, make two groups of floors rotate and be splayed with respect to lifting mechanism.
Described container floor method for paving, wherein, after described step c1, and before described steps d, also comprises step c2: start transverse-moving mechanism, make two groups of floors along laterally mutual to being chevron pointing.
Described container floor method for paving, wherein, in described step e, starts and also starts described transverse-moving mechanism and described steering hardware when lifting mechanism, with drive two groups of floors mutually away from and inclination angle with respect to the horizontal plane, two groups of floors is reduced.
The present invention has following beneficial effect.
One, the Floor Covering equipment in compared to existing technology, Floor Covering equipment of the present invention does not need to dig melt pit, and equipment is simply invested little, and cost is lower, and efficiency is higher, and equipment unit is few, and mutual concertedness is good, and reliability is high.
Two, the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready of the present invention is arranged on the outside of freight container, so freight container transmits operation in place and floor and transmits operation in place and can synchronously carry out, and has saved the time, has improved the efficiency of Floor Covering.
Three, because adopting, the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready longitudinally carries floor, and carrying terminal that stop catch plate is set, make floor be transported to after terminal and can naturally draw close together, save the longitudinal translation operation after Floor Covering captures, thereby improve efficiency, and also omitted on equipment in order to realize the mechanism of vertical shift, simplify device structure, save cost.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the mat formation front view of equipment of container floor.
Fig. 2 is the mat formation right elevation of equipment of container floor.
Fig. 3 is the mat formation annexation figure of lifting mechanism, transverse-moving mechanism, steering hardware and grasping mechanism of equipment of container floor.
Fig. 4 is the mat formation annexation figure of transverse-moving mechanism, steering hardware and grasping mechanism of equipment of container floor.
Fig. 5 be container floor mat formation equipment the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready overlook constitution diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to further illustrate principle of the present invention and structure, existing by reference to the accompanying drawings to a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail.
The container floor of the present invention equipment of mating formation is arranged on the outside of container door end, describing when orientation, taking the length direction of freight container for longitudinally, taking the Width of freight container as horizontal, taking the one end near container door end as front end, taking the one end away from container door end as rear end.
Consult Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the container floor of the present invention equipment of mating formation comprises: be arranged on the ground mechanism 1 that gets the raw materials ready, longitudinally arrange track 2, the traveling gear 3 that can move along track 2, be arranged on traveling gear 3 and can with respect to the lifting mechanism 4 of traveling gear 3 liftings, be arranged on lifting mechanism 4 bottoms transverse-moving mechanism 5, be arranged in pairs in the steering hardware 6 of each transverse-moving mechanism 5 belows and be arranged on the grasping mechanism 7 of each steering hardware 6 belows.
Consult Fig. 5, the mechanism 1 that gets the raw materials ready arranges on the ground and is positioned at the door end outside of freight container, captures station floor is delivered to floor.The mechanism 1 that gets the raw materials ready comprises: in order to carrying the transmission assembly 11 on floor, in order to limit the stop catch plate 12 of floor transmission terminal and in order to the code homogeneous component 13 in longitudinally alignment by floor.Transmission assembly 11 comprises two groups, these two groups of transmission assemblies 11 are symmetric along the longitudinal centerline of the mechanism 1 that gets the raw materials ready, every group of transmission assembly 11 comprises: multiple belt pulleys 111, many are wrapped in the belt pulley actuator 113 that belt 112 on belt pulley 111 and drive pulley 111 rotate, belt 122 arrange along the longitudinal and each belt 122 between be parallel to each other, the floor being located thereon is divided into two groups of outsides that are delivered to along the longitudinal container door end.In other embodiments, belt pulley 11 and belt 111 also can substitute with sprocket wheel and chain, or substitute with raceway.But individual is placed on floor on transmission assembly 11, also can in heapsly be placed on transmission assembly 11, when floor or ground sheetpile are while being transported to terminal, can be horizontally installed on stop catch plate 12 blocks near container door end position, thereby make slitless connection between forward and backward floor or ground sheetpile.Code homogeneous component 13 also comprises two groups, the corresponding one group of transmission assembly 11 of every group code homogeneous component 13, and code homogeneous component 13 comprises: side shield 132, thruster plate 131 and thruster sheet drive 133.Side shield 132 is longitudinally arranged on a side of transmission assembly 11 and is positioned at the middle part of the Width of the mechanism 1 that gets the raw materials ready, thruster plate 131 is longitudinally arranged on the opposite side of transmission assembly 11 and is positioned at the outside of the Width of the mechanism 1 that gets the raw materials ready, side shield 132 is fixing with respect to transmission assembly 11, thruster plate 131 is connected with thruster sheet drive 133, thruster sheet drive 133 can be cylinder or oil cylinder, with drive thruster plate 131 near or move away from the direction of side shield 132, thereby floor or ground sheetpile are pushed into side laminating side shield 132, realize vertical codeword neat.Between two side shields 132 of two group code homogeneous components 13, should there is appropriate intervals, so that also there is appropriate intervals between horizontal two groups of floors of code after neat.For fear of thruster plate 131 sideslip when mobile, the below of thruster plate 131 is also provided with thinking guide rail or the linear bearing (not shown) that it provides mobile guide effect.The length dimension of considering the mechanism 1 that gets the raw materials ready is larger, and transmission assembly 11 and code homogeneous component 13 also can longitudinally be broken into multiple segmentations, and each segmentation can be worked alone, and implement difficulty thereby reduce.
Consult Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, track 2 is erected at the top of the mechanism 1 that gets the raw materials ready by support 22, and track 2 comprises two, lays respectively at the horizontal both sides of support 22, and in other embodiments, track 2 also can be one or more.
Traveling gear 3 can walk back and forth and stretch into internal container or away from freight container along track 2.Traveling gear 3 can be driving, and it comprises: running part 31, be suspended in the cantilever 32 of running part 31 belows and the connecting portion 33 in order to connecting cantilever 32 and running part 31.Both lateral sides in running part 31 bottoms is provided with roller 311, and roller 311 drives by motor and walks along track 2, thereby drives whole traveling gear 3 to walk along track 2.Cantilever 32 has certain length, in order to conveniently to go deep in freight container, carries out Floor Covering.
In other embodiments, track 2 also can be laid on the ground, loads onto wheel in the bottom of support 22, replaces traveling gear 3 with support 22, along track travel, realizes the function of traveling gear 3.
Lifting mechanism 4 is connected with traveling gear 3 and can be with respect to traveling gear 3 lifting.In the present embodiment, the quantity of lifting mechanism 4 is one, and it comprises: a drive motor 41, at least one chain wheel set 42, many chains 43, at least one guidepost 45(the present embodiment are four) and a crane 44.Drive motor 41 is arranged on traveling gear 3, chain 43 is wrapped in chain wheel set 42, crane 44 and chain 43 are fixedly connected with and are suspended in by chain 43 below of traveling gear 3, each chain wheel set 42 is connected with drive motor 41, drive each chain wheel set 42 to rotate by drive motor 41, thereby make chain 43 upstream or downstream, and then drive crane 44 to rise or decline.Four guidepost 45 bottoms are vertically fixed on crane 44, and be positioned at the corner location of crane 44, four vertical guide grooves (not shown) are set on the cantilever 32 of traveling gear 3, insert wherein for guidepost, in the time of 44 lifting of chain-driving crane, guidepost 45 slides up and down along guide groove, thereby for crane 44 liftings provide guiding, guarantees that crane can vertical lift.
Consult Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, transverse-moving mechanism 5 comprises: a crossbeam 51, two guide rails 52, two guide pin bushings 53, a motor 54 and two leading screws 55.Crossbeam 51 is along horizontally set, and its two ends are separately fixed on the crane 44 of lifting mechanism 4.Two guide rails 52 are arranged on respectively the two ends of crossbeam 51 and the length direction of each guide rail 52 is all consistent with the length direction of crossbeam 51.Two guide pin bushings 53 are set in the chute (not shown) that on crossbeam 51 two ends and each guide pin bushing 53, setting coordinates with each guide rail 52 respectively.Motor 54 is arranged on the middle part of crossbeam 51, two screw mandrels 55 are connected with motor 54 respectively, on each screw mandrel 55, be set with a pair of nut 531, two guide pin bushings 53 and be fixedly connected with two pair of nut 531 respectively, a steering hardware 6 and a grasping mechanism 7 are installed in the lower end of each guide pin bushing 53.In the time that motor 54 is worked, two screw mandrels 55 are driven by motor 54 and rotate, force two guide pin bushings 53 along screw mandrel walking and mutually near or mutually away from, and then drive the steering hardware 6 of two guide pin bushing 5 belows and grasping mechanism 7 mutually near or mutually away from.
Steering hardware 6 arranges in pairs, and each steering hardware 6 is fixed on guide pin bushing 53 belows of transverse-moving mechanism 5, to drive grasping mechanism 7 to rotate with respect to lifting mechanism 4.Each transverse-moving mechanism 5 connects two steering hardwarees 6, each steering hardware 6 comprises: a driving gear 63, a servomotor 61, a driven gear 62 and a rotating shaft 64, driven gear 62 engages with driving gear 63, the middle part of driven gear 62 is provided with the through hole penetrating for rotating shaft 64, driven gear 62 is fixed together with rotating shaft 64, grasping mechanism 7 is fixed in rotating shaft 64, servomotor 61 is connected to drive driving gear 63 to rotate with driving gear 63, and then drive driven gear 62 to rotate, finally drive rotating shaft 64 and grasping mechanism 7 to rotate.
Grasping mechanism 7 also arranges in pairs, and the quantity of grasping mechanism 7 is identical with the quantity of steering hardware 6, and each grasping mechanism 7 is fixed on the below of each steering hardware.Grasping mechanism 7 comprises: a frame 72 and the multiple grabber pieces 72 that are arranged on frame 71 belows.Frame 72 can be square framework, and it is fixed on the below of rotating shaft 64.Grabber piece 72 can be vacuum cup, and in the time using metal floor, grabber piece 72 can be also electromagnet.
The above-mentioned container floor equipment of mating formation, in the time mating formation container floor, completes as follows container floor and mats formation.
Step a, floor is divided on horizontal two groups of two groups of raceways 11 that are placed on respectively the mechanism 1 that gets the raw materials ready, now two groups of floors be symmetric with respect to longitudinal centerline and two groups of floors between there is interval, all longitudinally arrange successively in every group of floor, behind good floor to be placed, start the mechanism 1 that gets the raw materials ready, floor is longitudinally delivered to floor and captures station, when floor is transported to behind position, floor is foremost by stop catch plate 12 blocks, and the floor that makes its rear is progressively drawn close and finally at longitudinal slitless connection to it, start afterwards thruster sheet drive 133, drive thruster plate 131 to the direction motion near side shield 132, thereby make every group of floor in longitudinal alignment, meanwhile, start traveling gear 3, it is walked along track 2, and then drive lifting mechanism 4, transverse-moving mechanism 5, steering hardware 6 and grasping mechanism 7 move to the top of floor crawl station.
Step b, start the drive motor 41 of lifting mechanism 4, make it drive grasping mechanism 7 to decline, when the grabber piece 72 on grasping mechanism 7 is during near floor, start grabber piece 72, floor is picked up.
Step c, again start the drive motor 41 of lifting mechanism 4, make it drive grasping mechanism 7 and floor 8 to rise, afterwards, start steering hardware 6, two groups of floors are rotated with respect to lifting mechanism 4, after rotating, two groups of floors become splayed in perpendicular, to dwindle horizontal outer wide in two groups of floors, afterwards, restart transverse-moving mechanism 5, make two groups of floors along laterally mutually near being chevron pointing, further to dwindle horizontal outer wide in two groups of floors, be convenient to floor and pass through smoothly container door end.
Steps d, again start traveling gear 3, to drive floor to internal container translation.
Step e, all move into after internal container until floor, start lifting mechanism 4, make it drive grasping mechanism 7 to decline, start transverse-moving mechanism 5 and steering hardware 6 simultaneously, so that transverse-moving mechanism 5 drives two groups of floors mutually away from a bit of distance, and make steering hardware 6 drive the inclination angle of two groups of floor relative level faces to dwindle (being contracted to inclination angle in 10 degree), in the time that chassis of container is just pressed close in two outsides on two groups of floors, discharge grasping mechanism, floor is dropped down onto on chassis of container, and container floor has been mated formation.In order to make the mat formation floor covering layers work of station of container floor can circulate and carry out downwards, container floor method for paving also comprises the steps:
Step f: the freight container of the complete floor of mating formation is shifted out to the container floor station of mating formation;
Step g: move into the mat formation freight container on floor of new need to the container floor station of mating formation, repeating step a is to step e.
It should be noted that, container floor size of the present invention is the size on standard floor, so a freight container comprises polylith floor, as 20 chi container floors are made up of six blocks of plates, 40 chi container floors are made up of ten floors, polylith piece plate is symmetric along the longitudinal centerline of freight container, so, grabber piece 7 on Floor Covering equipment of the present invention also along the longitudinal line of centers arrange in pairs, with two groups of symmetrical floors of the corresponding crawl of difference, but in the time that floor is non-standard floor, may only have floorboard by a freight container, now, the transverse-moving mechanism 5 of above-mentioned Floor Covering equipment just can save, and steering hardware 6 is directly fixed on to the bottom of lifting mechanism 4, like this, in the time of laying floor, also correspondence has been saved traversing operation, or, steering hardware 6 and transverse-moving mechanism 5 are all saved, only retain a grasping mechanism 7, and the direct below that grasping mechanism 7 is arranged on to lifting mechanism 4, like this, when floor covering layers, also correspondence has been saved and has been turned to and traversing operation.
Also it should be noted that, the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready of above-described embodiment, carrying when floor, both can individual carry, and also can in heapsly carry, and throughput direction can be also horizontal.When floor is transported to behind position, floor is divided into two groups of line of centers symmetry longitudinally, and there is interval between two groups of floors, for capturing while rotating behind floor like this, make can not exist between two groups of floors interference, avoid damaging floor, certainly, for the purpose of simple, can make does not have gap between two groups of floors yet, like this, floor is after being picked up, without can directly sending in freight container through traversing centering, now, transverse-moving mechanism 5 just can save, and make steering hardware 6 directly be fixed on the bottom of lifting mechanism 4, or for the purpose of simpler, steering hardware 6 and transverse-moving mechanism 7 are all saved, make grasping mechanism 7 directly be fixed on the bottom of lifting mechanism 4, so also can realize Floor Covering function.
Also it should be noted that, the crane 44 of above-described embodiment also can not realized lifting by motor and chain 43, realize lifting and use the conventional driving element such as cylinder, hydraulic actuating cylinder instead, but cylinder or hydraulic actuating cylinder are compared chain 43 up-down modes of above-described embodiment, its structure is slightly complicated, and synchronism is also slightly poorer.Obviously, in other embodiments, also can adopt multiple lifting mechanisms 4 to realize lifting, make the below of each lifting mechanism 4 that a transverse-moving mechanism 5 is installed, and two steering hardwarees 6 and two grasping mechanisms 7 are installed below each transverse-moving mechanism 5.
What also need special version is, because 40 chi freight containers have a goose neck tunnel in the part near front end, and goose neck tunnel part is not need laying floor, so, in order to make the container floor of the present invention equipment of mating formation can be applicable to 40 chi freight containers, also can be applicable to the freight container of other sizes, can some changes be done near the part of front end in the mechanism 1 that gets the raw materials ready, make to get the raw materials ready mechanism 1 is arranged near two of the centres side shield 132 of fore-end can translation mechanism, that is: a horizontal guide rail 134 is set respectively at the two ends of these two side shields 132, and connect respectively an actuator 135(at the two ends of each side shield 132 and can be cylinder or hydraulic actuating cylinder), promoting side shield 132 by actuator 135 moves along guide rail 134, and then make two side shields 132 mutually near or mutually away from.When laying when 40 chi freight container, can make actuator 135 promote two side shields 132 mutually away from and keep at a certain distance away, this spacing distance just equals the width of goose neck tunnel; In the time laying non-40 chi freight container, can make actuator 135 promote two side shields 132 mutually close to the position mutually concordant with the side shield 132 at its rear, and then dwindle the size of space between two side shields 132, meet the Floor Covering requirement of the freight container (as 20 chi freight containers) except 40 chis.
These are only better possible embodiments of the present invention, not limit the scope of the invention, the equivalent structure that all utilizations specification sheets of the present invention and accompanying drawing content have been done changes, and is all included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (18)

1. the container floor equipment of mating formation, is characterized in that, comprising:
One mechanism that gets the raw materials ready, the door end outside that it is arranged on freight container, is delivered to floor by floor and captures station;
One group of track, longitudinally arranges;
One traveling gear, it can walk back and forth and stretch into internal container or away from freight container along described track;
At least one lifting mechanism, described lifting mechanism is connected with described traveling gear and can be with respect to described traveling gear lifting; And,
At least one grasping mechanism, described grasping mechanism be arranged on the below of described lifting mechanism and be positioned at described in the get the raw materials ready top of mechanism, the bottom of described grasping mechanism is provided with grabber piece.
2. the container floor as claimed in claim 1 equipment of mating formation, it is characterized in that, the described mechanism that gets the raw materials ready comprises: in order to carry the transmission assembly on floor and to be arranged on the stop catch plate near container door end position, described transmission assembly is delivered to floor the outside of container door end along the longitudinal, and described stop catch plate is along horizontally set.
3. the container floor as claimed in claim 2 equipment of mating formation, is characterized in that, described transmission assembly is two groups, and two groups of transmission assemblies are symmetric along the longitudinal centerline of the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready, the described mechanism that gets the raw materials ready also comprises two group code homogeneous components, the corresponding one group of transmission assembly of every group code homogeneous component, described code homogeneous component comprises: side shield, thruster plate and thruster sheet drive, side shield is longitudinally arranged on a side of described transmission assembly and is positioned at the middle part of the Width of the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready, thruster plate is longitudinally arranged on the opposite side of described transmission assembly and is positioned at the outside of the Width of the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready, side shield is fixed with respect to transmission assembly, thruster plate be connected with thruster sheet drive with drive thruster plate near or move away from the direction of side shield, between two side shields of two group code homogeneous components, there is appropriate intervals.
4. the container floor as claimed in claim 3 equipment of mating formation, it is characterized in that, the part of the close front end of the described mechanism that gets the raw materials ready is provided with the guide rail of horizontally set, each side shield of described two group code homogeneous components is connected with respectively actuator, the side shield that described actuator can drive two group code homogeneous components along described guide rail slide and mutually near or mutually away from, and then change the size of space between the side shield of two group code homogeneous components.
5. the container floor as claimed in claim 1 equipment of mating formation, is characterized in that, described traveling gear is driving.
6. the container floor as claimed in claim 1 equipment of mating formation, it is characterized in that, the quantity of described lifting mechanism is one, described lifting mechanism comprises: a drive motor, at least one chain wheel set, many chains and a crane, described drive motor is arranged on described traveling gear, described chain is wrapped in described chain wheel set, described crane and described chain are fixedly connected with and are suspended in by described chain the below of described traveling gear, each chain wheel set is connected with described drive motor, drive each chain wheel set rotation and make described chain upstream or downstream by described drive motor, and then drive described crane to rise or decline.
7. the container floor as claimed in claim 6 equipment of mating formation, is characterized in that, described lifting mechanism also comprises: at least one guidepost being vertically fixed on described crane, is provided with the guide groove inserting for described guidepost on described traveling gear.
8. the container floor as claimed in claim 1 equipment of mating formation, is characterized in that, described grasping mechanism also comprises a frame, and described grabber piece is arranged on the below of described frame.
9. the container floor as claimed in claim 8 equipment of mating formation, is characterized in that, described grabber piece is vacuum cup or electromagnet.
10. the container floor as claimed in claim 1 equipment of mating formation, it is characterized in that, the described container floor equipment of mating formation also comprises at least one steering hardware, described steering hardware is arranged on the below of described lifting mechanism, the quantity of described steering hardware is identical with the quantity of described grasping mechanism, each grasping mechanism is connected to the bottom of a steering hardware, to drive described grasping mechanism to rotate with respect to described lifting mechanism.
The 11. container floors as claimed in claim 10 equipment of mating formation, it is characterized in that, described steering hardware comprises: a driving gear, one servomotor, one driven gear and a rotating shaft, described driven gear engages with described driving gear, the middle part of described driven gear is provided with the through hole penetrating for rotating shaft, described driven gear and described rotating shaft are fixed together, described grasping mechanism is fixed in described rotating shaft, described servomotor is connected to drive described driving gear to rotate with described driving gear, and then drive described driven gear to rotate, final described rotating shaft and the described grasping mechanism of driving rotates.
The 12. container floors as claimed in claim 10 equipment of mating formation, it is characterized in that, when the quantity of described grasping mechanism or described steering hardware is when more than two, described Floor Covering equipment also comprises: at least one transverse-moving mechanism, described transverse-moving mechanism comprises: a crossbeam, two guide rails, two guide pin bushings, one motor and two leading screws, described crossbeam is along being laterally fixed on described lifting mechanism, described two guide rails are arranged on respectively the two ends of described crossbeam and the length direction of each guide rail is all consistent with the length direction of crossbeam, described two guide pin bushings are set in the chute that on described crossbeam two ends and each guide pin bushing, setting coordinates with each guide rail respectively, described motor is arranged on the middle part of crossbeam, described two screw mandrels are connected with described motor respectively, on each screw mandrel, be set with a pair of nut, described two guide pin bushings are fixedly connected with two pair of nut respectively, a steering hardware and a grasping mechanism are installed in the lower end of each guide pin bushing.
13. 1 kinds of container floor method for paving, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
Step a, start the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready, floor is delivered to floor and captures station, meanwhile, start traveling gear along track travel, lifting mechanism and grasping mechanism are moved to floor and capture the top of station;
Step b, start lifting mechanism, make it drive grasping mechanism to decline, when the grabber piece on grasping mechanism is during near floor, start grabber piece, capture floor;
Step c, again start lifting mechanism, make it drive grasping mechanism to rise;
Steps d, again start traveling gear, make it drive lifting mechanism, grasping mechanism and floor to internal container translation;
Step e, all move into after internal container until floor, start lifting mechanism, make it drive grasping mechanism to decline, during near chassis of container, discharge grasping mechanism until floor, floor is dropped down onto on chassis of container, container floor has been mated formation.
14. container floor method for paving as claimed in claim 13, is characterized in that, in described step a, described in the mechanism that gets the raw materials ready longitudinally floor grouping is delivered to floor and captures station.
15. container floor method for paving as claimed in claim 14, it is characterized in that, in described step a, floor is divided into two groups in the time being transported to floor crawl station, two groups of floors are symmetric with respect to longitudinal centerline, and between two groups of floors, there is interval, longitudinally slitless connection successively of every group of floor.
16. container floor method for paving as claimed in claim 15, is characterized in that, after described step c, and before described steps d, also comprise step c1: start steering hardware, make two groups of floors rotate and be splayed with respect to lifting mechanism.
17. container floor method for paving as claimed in claim 16, is characterized in that, after described step c1, and before described steps d, also comprise step c2: start transverse-moving mechanism, make two groups of floors along laterally mutual to being chevron pointing.
18. container floor method for paving as claimed in claim 17, it is characterized in that, in described step e, start and also start described transverse-moving mechanism and described steering hardware when lifting mechanism, with drive two groups of floors mutually away from and inclination angle with respect to the horizontal plane, two groups of floors is reduced.
CN201310015386.9A 2013-01-16 2013-01-16 Container floor deployment equipment Active CN103922099B (en)

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CN104444363A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-03-25 芜湖赛德交通设备有限公司 Material lifting device
CN105314567A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-02-10 沈立新 Mobile silage silo silage-fetching machine with dual beams and suspension guide rails
CN105858191A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-08-17 烟台三新新能源科技有限公司 Automatic board clamping and transferring equipment
CN112873444A (en) * 2021-03-31 2021-06-01 千年舟新材科技集团股份有限公司 Paving process for artificial board processed by fine material facing
CN112936468A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-06-11 千年舟新材科技集团股份有限公司 High-flatness high-strength structural slab capable of facing and manufacturing method thereof
CN113338128A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-09-03 曹成朋 Big data analysis type sand blasting laying construction method

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