CN103910548B - Biological composite fertilizer aqua and production method thereof - Google Patents

Biological composite fertilizer aqua and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103910548B
CN103910548B CN201410002227.XA CN201410002227A CN103910548B CN 103910548 B CN103910548 B CN 103910548B CN 201410002227 A CN201410002227 A CN 201410002227A CN 103910548 B CN103910548 B CN 103910548B
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fertilizer
aqua
fermentation
days
trace
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CN201410002227.XA
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CN103910548A (en
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任东风
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湖北炎农生物科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of biological fish guano and discloses a biological composite fertilizer aqua and a production method thereof. The biological composite fertilizer aqua comprises chicken manure/cow dung, unite bran, a decomposition microbial inoculum, inorganic fertilizer, domestic fungus slag, calcium superphosphate, trace elements, soybean meal/rapeseed meal, bacillus subtilis, actinomyces and photosynthetic bacteria as raw materials. The production method comprises the following steps of carrying out mixing fermentation on chicken manure/cow dung, unite bran and a decomposition microbial inoculum to obtain thoroughly decomposed organic fertilizer, fully mixing the thoroughly decomposed organic fertilizer and other raw materials, and carrying out secondary fermentation, drying and split charging. The biological composite fertilizer aqua is efficient, superior and eco-friendly fish guano which is obtained by combination of a plurality of beneficial microbial florae, organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer and is added with a plurality of medium trace elements. The production method of the biological composite fertilizer aqua is simple, has simple and easily-controllable processes and has a low cost. The biological composite fertilizer aqua has good quality, can fast improve water fertility and purify water, realizes combination of fertilizer and feed, has high comprehensive income, improves fish immunity and improves product quality.

Description

A kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua and production method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to biological fish manure technical field, specifically a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua and production method thereof, rich water agent of the present invention is a kind of regulating water quality, improve water body environment, improve water body planktonic organism total amount, promote a class composite fertilizer aqua of the quick healthy growth of fish body, be particularly useful for intensive fish pond, reservoir and lake.
Background technology
China's water resources is enriched, and aquaculture area is huge, but at present aquaculture also ubiquity fertilizer unordered, manage the problems such as delayed, water quality deterioration, the current aquatic products fertilizer used of breeding fish is mainly chemical fertilizer, organic fertilizer and organic-inorganic compound fertilizer.Wherein, traditional chemical fertilizer and organic fertilizer respectively have relative merits, chemical fertilizer instant effect, but function singleness, time length is short, can only cultivate plant plankton, and long-term a large amount of use easily causes environment, water pollution and fishery products quality to decline, such as Chinese patent application publication number is CN1480030A, and name is called, and product disclosed in " a kind of inorganic type efficient guano " is namely this kind of fish guano; Fertilizer uses as base manure, and the time length is long, mainly cultivates zooplankton, but it is slow to take effect, life-time service easily causes fishery products disease to increase, and such as Chinese patent application publication number is CN1480029A, and name is called, and product disclosed in " a kind of organic type efficient guano " is namely this kind of fish guano.Along with people are to the lifting of environment and fishery products quality attention rate, various places government has put into effect that prohibitting the use does not ferment fertilizer and limit the use of chemical fertilizer breeds fish in succession, so just create organic-inorganic compound fertilizer, it combines above-mentioned fertilizer and inorganic non-advantage, and overcome some drawbacks, such as Chinese patent application publication number is CN1238321A, and name is called " high-performance bio fertilizer formula and manufacture method thereof ", and namely product disclosed in it is above-mentioned fish guano.
In recent years, under the overall situation of biotechnology development, the fertilizer of aquaculture develops into biological fish manure and microbial fertilizer from traditional chemical fertilizer, fertilizer, composite organic-inorganic fertilizer etc.The comprehensive nutrition of biological fish manure, proportioning is balanced, easy to use, successful, efficient noresidue, but due to the limitation of biotech development, and the biological fish manure in early stage and microbial fertilizer are simply fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer and bacteria agent simply to be mixed.This blending means cannot be survived due to bacteria agent asexual reproduction phases in a large amount of chemical fertilizer, low-moisture environment, simple mixing is directly packed afterwards, the viable bacteria of the product that final user uses is lower, causes the advantage of biological fish manure and organic-inorganic compound fertilizer in actual production not obvious.Such as Chinese patent application publication number is CN1757616A, and name is called, and product disclosed in " ferment bacteria organic fertilizer fish guano and production method thereof " is above-mentioned fish guano.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is exactly just fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer, bacteria agent are simply mixed rear obtained to solve existing biological fish manure, cause viable bacteria content in product low, biological fish manure cost is high, but the inapparent problem of fertilizer efficiency, a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua and production method thereof are provided; After rich water agent of the present invention is applied water body, water body planktonic organism total amount can be improved rapidly, the conversion rate of water body organic matter can be accelerated again, the amount of substance such as ammonia nitrogen, nitrite and sulfide in rapid reduction water body, plays the effect improved water quality, reduce fish disease incidence, promote the output of fishery products quality and unit surface.
A kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention, is made up of the raw material of following weight parts:
Chicken manure/cow dung 10 ~ 45 system chaff 5 ~ 25
Decomposing microbial inoculum 0.1 ~ 3 inorganic fertilizer 15 ~ 60
Edible fungi residue 5 ~ 20 calcium superphosphate 0.1 ~ 5
Trace element 0.1 ~ 5 dregs of beans/dish dregs of rice 2 ~ 15
Subtilis 0.1 ~ 5 actinomycetes 0.1 ~ 5
Photosynthetic bacterium 0.1 ~ 5.
A kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention, its screening formulation is made up of the raw material of following weight parts:
Chicken manure/cow dung 20 ~ 45 system chaff 10 ~ 20
Decomposing microbial inoculum 0.5 ~ 2 inorganic fertilizer 20 ~ 50
Edible fungi residue 8 ~ 15 calcium superphosphate 1 ~ 4
Trace element 1 ~ 4 dregs of beans/dish dregs of rice 5 ~ 12
Subtilis 1 ~ 4 actinomycetes 1 ~ 4
Photosynthetic bacterium 1 ~ 4.
A kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention, it is most preferably filled a prescription and to be made up of the raw material of following weight parts:
Chicken manure 30 is united chaff 15
Decomposing microbial inoculum 2 inorganic fertilizer 45
Edible fungi residue 10 calcium superphosphate 3
Trace element 3 dregs of beans 10
Subtilis 2 actinomycetes 2
Photosynthetic bacterium 3.
Described decomposing microbial inoculum refers to the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry, and its commodity are called Rw enzyme agent, and manufacturer is Hebi City Ren Yuan biotech development company limited.This fermenting agent can carry out fast feces of livestock and poultry, agricultural crop straw, efficient-decomposition, reach the object of intensification, deodorizing, harmless treatment at short notice, functional microbial inoculum can play phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, fixed nitrogen, can reach again the multiple effect of curing the disease with diseases prevention.
Described inorganic fertilizer is one or more in monoammonium phosphate, ammonium chloride, urea, ammonium sulfate.
Described edible fungi residue refers to Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag, and its main component is made up of the raw material of following weight percent: corncob powder: 39 ~ 80%, system chaff: 5 ~ 20%, white sugar: 2 ~ 7%, cotton seed hulls: 3 ~ 25%, unslaked lime: 2 ~ 9%, the weight percentage sum of above-mentioned each raw material is 100%.
Described trace element refer in copper sulfate, ferrous sulfate, water glass, cobalt chloride, zinc sulfate, borax one or more.
The production method of a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
(1) take fresh chicken manure/cow dung, system chaff, the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry according to quantity, mixing, regulate material moisture in mixture to be 50 ~ 60%, mixture is positioned in fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation;
(2) material that mixes in step (1) thermophilic fermentation 7 ~ 10 days at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is made, period used slot type turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 1 time every 2 ~ 3 days, ensure that leavening temperature is no more than 70 DEG C, pulverize after the standing afterripening fermentation of 5 ~ 10 days at normal temperatures again, cross 40 ~ 60 mesh sieves, obtain decomposed manure;
(3) decomposed manure obtained in step (2) and inorganic fertilizer, edible fungi residue, calcium superphosphate, trace element, dregs of beans/dish dregs of rice, subtilis, actinomycetes, photosynthetic bacterium are mixed, fully mix the Secondary Fermentation being placed on the dry fermentation plant ventilated and carrying out 7 ~ 10 days at normal temperatures with stirrer, period uses self-propelled turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 2 ~ 3 times;
(4) material fermented in step (3) is placed in dryer, drying to material moisture at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is 15%, and packing after 40 ~ 60 mesh sieves, obtains composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention excessively.
The basestocks used in the present invention is that fresh chicken manure or cow dung, system chaff are through the obtained decomposed manure of the special decomposing microbial inoculum aerobic fermentation of animal excrement, in fertilizer after becoming thoroughly decomposed, contained nutritive ingredient is fully discharged, easy passive plant absorption, physicochemical structure is good, loose, in subacidity, effectively can reduce water pH value, ammonia quantity is low, is more conducive to the purification of water quality.
The edible fungi residue used in the present invention is the culture material after culturing edible fungus, wherein containing a large amount of crude fat, robust fibre, crude protein, in addition containing the abundant material such as reducing sugar, calcium, phosphorus, find after deliberation, also containing a large amount of residual mycelia in edible fungi residue, there is abundant nutrient protein, and the nutritive substance not yet utilized containing being decomposed by hypha of edible fungus in a large number in bacterium slag, and mushroom fragrance specific to bacterium slag also makes it to have good palatability, has very high feeding value.In the present invention, preferably apricot abalone mushroom bacterium slag adds in composite bio-fertilizer aqua, after Secondary Fermentation, generates the material being of value to planktonic organism and fish bulk-growth in a large number.Also the wooden rotten class fungi bacterium slags such as needle mushroom, Pleurotus sajor-caju, flat mushroom, mushroom can be used in certain the present invention.
The topmost inventive point of the present invention is: add subtilis, actinomycetes, photosynthetic bacterium when Secondary Fermentation, the viable bacteria in finished product is made to change syngenesis when second time fermentation into by monogony and produce spore, enter resting stage smoothly, the living bacteria count amount sprouted in use is obviously better than existing biological fish manure.At water body of fostering and apply fertilizer, the successful increasing the aspects such as water body planktonic organism and reduction ammonia nitrogen, nitrite, minimizing fish body disease strengthens.
Composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention, compared with existing biological fish manure, has the following advantages and effect:
1. foster and apply fertilizer rapidly water body, increase water body planktonic organism total amount;
2. reduce the content of water body ammonia nitrogen, nitrite, sulfide;
3. reduce fish body disease, improve fishery products quality;
4. dual-purpose raised by fertilizer, improves fishery products quality.
Composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention is through the novel fertilizer dedicated for fish culture that expert team of our company produces through studying for many years, in rich water agent of the present invention containing multiple beneficial microorganism species, organic and inorganicly to combine, add multiple medium trace element and efficient, the high-quality environment-friendly type fish guano that are formed, product processes of the present invention is simple, production process is simple and easy to control, cost is low, and quality is good.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the production technological process of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Be example by Yan Nong bio tech ltd, Hubei scale up test composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention, produce 5000kg, every bag of 40kg.Concrete production process is as follows:
A kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua described in the present embodiment, is made up of following raw material:
Chicken manure 1200kg system chaff 600kg
Decomposing microbial inoculum 80kg inorganic fertilizer 1800kg
Edible fungi residue 400kg calcium superphosphate 120kg
Trace element 120kg dregs of beans 400kg
Subtilis 80kg actinomycetes 80kg
Photosynthetic bacterium 120kg.
Decomposing microbial inoculum described in the present embodiment refers to the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry, and its commodity are called Rw enzyme agent, and manufacturer is Hebi City Ren Yuan biotech development company limited.
Inorganic fertilizer described in the present embodiment is monoammonium phosphate 1000kg, ammonium chloride 800kg.
Edible fungi residue described in the present embodiment refers to Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag, and its main component is made up of following raw material: corncob powder 280kg, system chaff 40kg, white sugar 8kg, cotton seed hulls 60kg, unslaked lime 12kg.
Trace element described in the present embodiment is seven brochantite 28kg, ferrous sulfate 6kg, water glass 6kg, cobalt chloride 20kg, zinc sulfate 36kg, borax 4kg.
The production method of a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present embodiment, comprises the following steps:
(1) take fresh chicken manure, system chaff, the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry according to quantity, mixing, regulate material moisture in mixture to be 55%, mixture is positioned in fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation;
(2) material that mixes in step (1) thermophilic fermentation 8 days at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is made, period used slot type turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 1 time every 2 days, ensured that leavening temperature is no more than 70 DEG C, then pulverized after the standing afterripening fermentation of 8 days at normal temperatures, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain decomposed manure;
(3) decomposed manure obtained in step (2) and inorganic fertilizer, edible fungi residue, calcium superphosphate, trace element, dregs of beans/dish dregs of rice, subtilis, actinomycetes, photosynthetic bacterium are mixed, fully mix the Secondary Fermentation being placed on the dry fermentation plant ventilated and carrying out 10 days at normal temperatures with stirrer, period uses self-propelled turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 3 times;
(4) material fermented in step (3) is placed in dryer, drying to material moisture at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is 15%, and packing after 60 mesh sieves excessively, every bag of 40kg, obtains composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention.
The composite bio-fertilizer aqua obtained by the present embodiment and traditional chemical fertilizer and existing biological fish manure do simultaneous test, obtain them and see the following form one to planktonic impact respectively.
Table one: composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention and chemical fish guano and existing biological fish manure are on planktonic impact
As can be seen from table one, composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention is relative to traditional fertilizer and existing biological fish manure, more be conducive to accelerating planktonic breeding, further qualitative and quantitative analysis is carried out to the plant plankton in water body and zooplankton, find that product of the present invention is to plant plankton, particularly green algae, the growth successful of Cyanophyta kind is better than chemical fertilizer and certain biological fish manure existing, chemical fertilizer and certain biological fish manure are also obviously better than to the growth effect of protozoon and wheel animalcule, show in product of the present invention containing a large amount of organic matter for planktonic organism growth and breeding and trace element.
The composite bio-fertilizer aqua obtained by the present embodiment and traditional fertilizer carry out simultaneous test, and situation is as follows:
1. the impact of water quality is tested
1.1 materials and methods
1.1.1 test materials
Fertilizer: the composite bio-fertilizer aqua that (1) the present embodiment is obtained, 40kg packs, and consumption is 5kg/ mu, is produced by Yan Nong bio tech ltd, Hubei;
(2) chemical fertilizer: carbon ammonium+calcium superphosphate, consumption is (10kg carbon ammonium+10kg calcium superphosphate)/mu.
1.1.2 test fishpond basic condition
Test and carry out in Leishan village, Ba He town, Xishui County, Huanggang City, Hubei Province on August 24,21 days to 2013 July in 2013, test tank is made up of six intensive fish ponds, and fishpond area is respectively 13 mu, 20 mu, 16 mu, 17 mu, 44 mu, 30 mu.Test is divided into marketable fish poud and nursery pond, and the composite bio-fertilizer aqua cultivation obtained with the present embodiment and traditional fertilizer cultivation are for contrast, and fishpond basic condition is in table two.
Table two: fishpond basic condition table
In above-mentioned fishpond, test tank 1,2,4 is marketable fish poud, and test tank 3 is nursery pond, contrasts pond 1 for nursery pond in control group, and contrast pond 2 is marketable fish poud.
1.1.3 test method
Test tank cultivation fertilising the present embodiment composite bio-fertilizer aqua, each fertilising 5kg/ mu, monthly applies fertilizer 4 times; Contrast pool cultivated fertilising carbon ammonium+calcium superphosphate, each fertilising (10kg+10kg)/mu, monthly four times.Pond management conveniently management is carried out, and at duration of test, detects pH value, ammonia nitrogen, nitrite and dissolved oxygen content before each fertilising.Monitor water temperature, transparency every day.Fish before first time fertilising and detect average substance and the intensity of feeding.The average substance of rear detection and the intensity of feeding are tested.
2. results and analysis
2.1 fishpond pH value change results of comparison, in table three.
Table three: composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention and chemical fertilizer are on the impact of fishpond pH value
As can be seen from the above table, use bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention, in fishpond, the pH value of water body can reach between 7.4 ~ 7.8 fast, and this scope is just being best suited for the pH value of planktonic organism and fish bulk-growth.PH is too low, and fish body blood oxygen carrier amount reduces, and affect output, pH is too high, and the fish body gill and body surface corrosion can occur and produce disease.
Ammonia-nitrogen content change results of comparison in 2.2 fishponds, in table four.
Table four: composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention and chemical fertilizer are on the impact of fishpond ammonia-nitrogen content
Can be found out by upper table, after using composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention, the ammonia-nitrogen content in water body is 0.15 ~ 0.2mg/L, although ammonia nitrogen amount is detecting all below 0.15 in contrast pond, ammonia nitrogen does not exceed standard, but its transparency is more than 35, and its water quality of comprehensive descision should be partially thin.And find through the present inventor's production practice for many years, when in water body, ammonia-nitrogen content is 0.15 ~ 0.2mg/L, in water body, ammonia nitrogen amount can not cause fish body discomfort and produce disease, and water body Middle nutrition in order, being applicable to planktonic organism amount reproduction, is the optimum content of fish bulk-growth, now, the fishery products speed of growth is the fastest, and fish body also not susceptible disease, if ammonia-nitrogen content is too low, then water quality is too thin, fish bulk-growth speed is excessively slow, causes production cost to increase; Ammonia-nitrogen content too high (> 0.25mg/L), fish bulk-growth speed slows down, and the poisoning or irritability disease of ammonia nitrogen easily occurs, thus occurs bovine pasteurellosis symptom and cause death.
2.3 fishpond nitrite change results of comparison, in table five.
Table five: composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention and chemical fertilizer are on the impact of fishpond nitrite content
Can be found out by upper table, the fishpond nitrite of bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention is used all to be down to 0 very soon, and in water body, no matter be planktonic organism or fish body, all for more low better to the content requirement of nitrite, this is because Nitrite can be combined with fish body protoheme form protoferriheme, lose and oxygen binding ability, easily cause fish body hypoxia death.And using because nitrite content is higher in the control group fishpond of chemical fertilizer, fish body is easily fallen ill, and planktonic organism can not well breed.
Dissolved oxygen content change results of comparison in 2.4 fishponds, in table six.
Table six: composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention and chemical fertilizer are on the impact of dissolved oxygen content in fishpond
As can be seen from the above table, after using bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention, dissolved oxygen in water body increases greatly, dissolved oxygen content (5.5 ~ 6.0 mg/L) in fishpond, and use the content of dissolved oxygen in the control group fishpond of chemical fertilizer to only have 3.4 ~ 4.5 mg/L, thus prove that composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention has very large benefit to the increase of dissolved oxygen content in water body.The present invention is used with big lake in after find that the dissolved oxygen content in lake also increases sharply, can up to 8.0 ~ 9.5 mg/L.
In 2.5 fishponds, weight gain situation compares
2.5.1 variegated carp Gain weight result in fishpond, in table seven.
Table seven composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention and chemical fertilizer are on the impact of the effect of increasing production of variegated carp in fishpond
2.5.2 silver carp Gain weight result in fishpond, in table eight.
Table eight composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention and chemical fertilizer are on the impact of the effect of increasing production of silver carp in fishpond
As can be seen from table seven, table eight, compared with use traditional fertilizer method, use the fishpond effect of increasing production of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention obvious, substance increases all more than 23.2%, especially in test tank 1, the volume increase of silver carp reaches more than 53%, and in test tank 2, test tank 3, the volume increase of variegated carp reaches more than 41%.
3. conclusion
3.1 composite bio-fertilizer aquas of the present invention significantly can improve the water quality of water body
As can be seen from the testing data in table three ~ table five, water body organic matter and mineral element in the test group fishpond of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention is used to reduce rapidly, be of value to the useful planktonic organism in post-directed training water body, simultaneously, at adjustment water pH value and degradation of ammonia nitrogen, successful in nitrite content, show that product of the present invention has outstanding effect really improving in water quality.
3.2 increase Dissolved Oxygen in Water content
As can be seen from the testing data of table six, composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention can effectively increase Dissolved Oxygen in Water content, rapid cultivation planktonic organism is as blue algae, green algae, diatoms, hidden algae, the zooplanktons such as the plant planktons such as dinoflagellate class and rotifers, branch angle insects, oar foot insects, and making it be stabilized in reasonable level, plant plankton wherein makes water body keep high-solubility oxygen content by photosynthesis.
3.3 strengthen fish body immunological competence, improve product quality
Composite bio-fertilizer aqua nutrient of the present invention is comprehensive, under the prerequisite of cultivating beneficial algae, amino acid, VITAMIN and enzyme that contained medium trace element and beneficial microbe colony metabolism produce can participate in Metabolism of Fishes, strengthen fish body immunological competence, improve quality and the resistant transport ability of fish body.Wherein contained organic matter also can as ration size fish sector of breakdown bait.
3.4 weight gains are rapid, and effect of increasing production is obvious
Composite bio-fertilizer aqua nutrient of the present invention is comprehensive, can cultivate rapidly the planktonic organism needed for fish, and fish body before the test rear ingestion ability obviously increases, and fish body is healthy, and effect of increasing production is obvious.
3.5 rates of fertilizer application are little, easy to use, and comprehensive benefit is high
The each rate of fertilizer application of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention only 5kg/ mu is 1/4 of traditional fertilizer, easy to use, and input cost is lower than traditional fertilizer 1 ~ 2 yuan/mu.As can be seen from the data in table seven and table eight, in cultivation flower/Silver Carp, compare than the common chemical fertilizer of use, average stimulation ratio reaches 37.8%, shows the biological fish manure that a kind of really comprehensive benefit of product of the present invention is very high.
Embodiment 2
A kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua described in the present embodiment, is made up of following weight parts raw material:
Cow dung 45 is united chaff 25
Decomposing microbial inoculum 1 inorganic fertilizer 30
Edible fungi residue 5 calcium superphosphate 5
Trace element 5 dregs of beans 2
Subtilis 0.1 actinomycetes 0.1
Photosynthetic bacterium 0.1.
Decomposing microbial inoculum described in the present embodiment refers to the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry, and its commodity are called Rw enzyme agent, and manufacturer is Hebi City Ren Yuan biotech development company limited.
Inorganic fertilizer described in the present embodiment is monoammonium phosphate 15 parts, 5 parts, urea, 10 parts, ammonium sulfate.
Edible fungi residue described in the present embodiment refers to Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag, and its main component is made up of the raw material of following weight percent: corncob powder: 39%, system chaff: 20%, white sugar: 7%, cotton seed hulls: 25%, unslaked lime: 9%.Also can replace Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag with waiting needle mushroom dreg of weight part in the present embodiment, fertilizer efficiency is better.
Trace element described in the present embodiment is seven brochantite 1.5 parts, 0.3 part, ferrous sulfate, water glass 0.4 part, cobalt chloride 1.3 parts, 1.4 parts, zinc sulfate, borax 0.1 part.
The production method of a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present embodiment, comprises the following steps:
(1) take fresh cow dung, system chaff, the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry according to quantity, mixing, regulate material moisture in mixture to be 55%, mixture is positioned in fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation;
(2) material that mixes in step (1) thermophilic fermentation 7 days at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is made, period used slot type turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 1 time every 3 days, ensured that leavening temperature is no more than 70 DEG C, then pulverized after the standing afterripening fermentation of 10 days at normal temperatures, cross 40 mesh sieves, obtain decomposed manure;
(3) decomposed manure obtained in step (2) and inorganic fertilizer, edible fungi residue, calcium superphosphate, trace element, dregs of beans/dish dregs of rice, subtilis, actinomycetes, photosynthetic bacterium are mixed, fully mix the Secondary Fermentation being placed on the dry fermentation plant ventilated and carrying out 7 days at normal temperatures with stirrer, period uses self-propelled turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 3 times;
(4) material fermented in step (3) is placed in dryer, drying to material moisture at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is 15%, and packing after 40 mesh sieves, obtains composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention excessively.
Embodiment 3
A kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua described in the present embodiment, is made up of following weight parts raw material:
Chicken manure 10 is united chaff 5
Decomposing microbial inoculum 0.1 inorganic fertilizer 60
Edible fungi residue 20 calcium superphosphate 0.1
The trace element 0.1 dish dregs of rice 15
Subtilis 5 actinomycetes 5
Photosynthetic bacterium 5.
Decomposing microbial inoculum described in the present embodiment refers to the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry, and its commodity are called Rw enzyme agent, and manufacturer is Hebi City Ren Yuan biotech development company limited.
Inorganic fertilizer described in the present embodiment is monoammonium phosphate 30 parts, ammonium chloride 15 parts, 15 parts, urea.
Edible fungi residue described in the present embodiment refers to Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag, and its main component is made up of the raw material of following weight percent: corncob powder: 80%, system chaff: 5%, white sugar: 5%, cotton seed hulls: 3%, unslaked lime: 7%.The Lentinus Edodes fungus slag of weight part such as also can to use replace Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag in the present embodiment.
Trace element described in the present embodiment is 0.05 part, ferrous sulfate, 0.05 part, zinc sulfate.
The production method of a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present embodiment, comprises the following steps:
(1) take fresh cow dung, system chaff, the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry according to quantity, mixing, regulate material moisture in mixture to be 60%, mixture is positioned in fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation;
(2) material that mixes in step (1) thermophilic fermentation 10 days at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is made, period used slot type turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 1 time every 2 days, ensured that leavening temperature is no more than 70 DEG C, then pulverized after the standing afterripening fermentation of 7 days at normal temperatures, cross 50 mesh sieves, obtain decomposed manure;
(3) decomposed manure obtained in step (2) and inorganic fertilizer, edible fungi residue, calcium superphosphate, trace element, dregs of beans/dish dregs of rice, subtilis, actinomycetes, photosynthetic bacterium are mixed, fully mix the Secondary Fermentation being placed on the dry fermentation plant ventilated and carrying out 8 days at normal temperatures with stirrer, period uses self-propelled turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 3 times;
(4) material fermented in step (3) is placed in dryer, drying to material moisture at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is 15%, and packing after 50 mesh sieves, obtains composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention excessively.
Embodiment 4
A kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua described in the present embodiment, is made up of following weight parts raw material:
Chicken manure 20 is united chaff 10
Decomposing microbial inoculum 3 inorganic fertilizer 50
Edible fungi residue 15 calcium superphosphate 1
Trace element 1 dregs of beans 5
Subtilis 1 actinomycetes 1
Photosynthetic bacterium 1.
Decomposing microbial inoculum described in the present embodiment refers to the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry, and its commodity are called Rw enzyme agent, and manufacturer is Hebi City Ren Yuan biotech development company limited.
Inorganic fertilizer described in the present embodiment is monoammonium phosphate 28 parts, 15 parts, urea, 7 parts, ammonium sulfate.
Edible fungi residue described in the present embodiment refers to Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag, and its main component is made up of the raw material of following weight percent: corncob powder: 60%, system chaff: 15%, white sugar: 4%, cotton seed hulls: 15%, unslaked lime: 6%.The flat mushroom bacterium slag of weight part such as also can to use replace Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag in the present embodiment.
Trace element described in the present embodiment is water glass 0.5 part, borax 0.5 part.
The production method of a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present embodiment, comprises the following steps:
(1) take fresh cow dung, system chaff, the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry according to quantity, mixing, regulate material moisture in mixture to be 50%, mixture is positioned in fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation;
(2) material that mixes in step (1) thermophilic fermentation 9 days at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is made, period used slot type turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 1 time every 2 days, ensured that leavening temperature is no more than 70 DEG C, then pulverized after the standing afterripening fermentation of 9 days at normal temperatures, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain decomposed manure;
(3) decomposed manure obtained in step (2) and inorganic fertilizer, edible fungi residue, calcium superphosphate, trace element, dregs of beans/dish dregs of rice, subtilis, actinomycetes, photosynthetic bacterium are mixed, fully mix the Secondary Fermentation being placed on the dry fermentation plant ventilated and carrying out 9 days at normal temperatures with stirrer, period uses self-propelled turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 3 times;
(4) material fermented in step (3) is placed in dryer, drying to material moisture at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is 15%, and packing after 60 mesh sieves, obtains composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention excessively.
Embodiment 5
A kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua described in the present embodiment, is made up of following weight parts raw material:
Cow dung 40 is united chaff 20
Decomposing microbial inoculum 0.5 inorganic fertilizer 15
Edible fungi residue 8 calcium superphosphate 4
Trace element 4 dregs of beans 12
Subtilis 4 actinomycetes 4
Photosynthetic bacterium 4.
Decomposing microbial inoculum described in the present embodiment refers to the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry, and its commodity are called Rw enzyme agent, and manufacturer is Hebi City Ren Yuan biotech development company limited.
Inorganic fertilizer described in the present embodiment is 7 parts, urea, 8 parts, ammonium sulfate.
Edible fungi residue described in the present embodiment refers to Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag, and its main component is made up of the raw material of following weight percent: corncob powder: 70%, system chaff: 8%, white sugar: 5%, cotton seed hulls: 10%, unslaked lime: 7%.The Pleurotus sajor-caju bacterium slag of weight part such as also can to use replace Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag in the present embodiment.
Trace element described in the present embodiment be 0.8 part, copper sulfate, 0.5 part, ferrous sulfate, water glass 0.5 part, cobalt chloride, 0.5 part, 1.2 parts, zinc sulfate, borax 0.5 part.
The production method of a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present embodiment, comprises the following steps:
(1) take fresh cow dung, system chaff, the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry according to quantity, mixing, regulate material moisture in mixture to be 60%, mixture is positioned in fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation;
(2) material that mixes in step (1) thermophilic fermentation 10 days at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is made, period used slot type turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 1 time every 3 days, ensured that leavening temperature is no more than 70 DEG C, then pulverized after the standing afterripening fermentation of 7 days at normal temperatures, cross 60 mesh sieves, obtain decomposed manure;
(3) decomposed manure obtained in step (2) and inorganic fertilizer, edible fungi residue, calcium superphosphate, trace element, dregs of beans/dish dregs of rice, subtilis, actinomycetes, photosynthetic bacterium are mixed, fully mix the Secondary Fermentation being placed on the dry fermentation plant ventilated and carrying out 8 days at normal temperatures with stirrer, period uses self-propelled turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 3 times;
(4) material fermented in step (3) is placed in dryer, drying to material moisture at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is 15%, and packing after 60 mesh sieves, obtains composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention excessively.

Claims (7)

1. a composite bio-fertilizer aqua, is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight parts:
Chicken manure/cow dung 10 ~ 45 system chaff 5 ~ 25
Decomposing microbial inoculum 0.1 ~ 3 inorganic fertilizer 15 ~ 60
Edible fungi residue 5 ~ 20 calcium superphosphate 0.1 ~ 5
Trace element 0.1 ~ 5 dregs of beans/dish dregs of rice 2 ~ 15
Subtilis 0.1 ~ 5 actinomycetes 0.1 ~ 5
Photosynthetic bacterium 0.1 ~ 5;
Described decomposing microbial inoculum refers to the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry;
Its production method is:
(1) take fresh chicken manure/cow dung, system chaff, the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry according to quantity, mixing, regulate material moisture in mixture to be 50 ~ 60%, mixture is positioned in fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation;
(2) material that mixes in step (1) thermophilic fermentation 7 ~ 10 days at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is made, period used slot type turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 1 time every 2 ~ 3 days, ensure that leavening temperature is no more than 70 DEG C, pulverize after the standing afterripening fermentation of 5 ~ 10 days at normal temperatures again, cross 40 ~ 60 mesh sieves, obtain decomposed manure;
(3) decomposed manure obtained in step (2) and inorganic fertilizer, edible fungi residue, calcium superphosphate, trace element, dregs of beans/dish dregs of rice, subtilis, actinomycetes, photosynthetic bacterium are mixed, fully mix the Secondary Fermentation being placed on the dry fermentation plant ventilated and carrying out 7 ~ 10 days at normal temperatures with stirrer, period uses self-propelled turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 2 ~ 3 times;
(4) material fermented in step (3) is placed in dryer, drying to material moisture at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is 15%, and packing after 40 ~ 60 mesh sieves, obtains composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention excessively.
2. a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua according to claim 1, is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight parts:
Chicken manure/cow dung 20 ~ 45 system chaff 10 ~ 20
Decomposing microbial inoculum 0.5 ~ 2 inorganic fertilizer 20 ~ 50
Edible fungi residue 8 ~ 15 calcium superphosphate 1 ~ 4
Trace element 1 ~ 4 dregs of beans/dish dregs of rice 5 ~ 12
Subtilis 1 ~ 4 actinomycetes 1 ~ 4
Photosynthetic bacterium 1 ~ 4.
3. a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua according to claim 1, is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight parts:
Chicken manure 30 is united chaff 15
Decomposing microbial inoculum 2 inorganic fertilizer 45
Edible fungi residue 10 calcium superphosphate 3
Trace element 3 dregs of beans 10
Subtilis 2 actinomycetes 2
Photosynthetic bacterium 3.
4. a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that: described inorganic fertilizer is one or more in monoammonium phosphate, ammonium chloride, urea, ammonium sulfate.
5. a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described edible fungi residue refers to Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag, its main component is made up of the raw material of following weight percent: corncob powder: 39 ~ 80%, system chaff: 5 ~ 20%, white sugar: 2 ~ 7%, cotton seed hulls: 3 ~ 25%, unslaked lime: 2 ~ 9%, the weight percentage sum of above-mentioned each raw material is 100%.
6. a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that: described trace element refer in copper sulfate, ferrous sulfate, water glass, cobalt chloride, zinc sulfate, borax one or more.
7. the production method of a kind of composite bio-fertilizer aqua as described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) take fresh chicken manure/cow dung, system chaff, the special composite fungus agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed of feces of livestock and poultry according to quantity, mixing, regulate material moisture in mixture to be 50 ~ 60%, mixture is positioned in fermenter and carries out aerobic fermentation;
(2) material that mixes in step (1) thermophilic fermentation 7 ~ 10 days at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is made, period used slot type turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 1 time every 2 ~ 3 days, ensure that leavening temperature is no more than 70 DEG C, pulverize after the standing afterripening fermentation of 5 ~ 10 days at normal temperatures again, cross 40 ~ 60 mesh sieves, obtain decomposed manure;
(3) decomposed manure obtained in step (2) and inorganic fertilizer, edible fungi residue, calcium superphosphate, trace element, dregs of beans/dish dregs of rice, subtilis, actinomycetes, photosynthetic bacterium are mixed, fully mix the Secondary Fermentation being placed on the dry fermentation plant ventilated and carrying out 7 ~ 10 days at normal temperatures with stirrer, period uses self-propelled turnover throwing machine to turn over throwing 2 ~ 3 times;
(4) material fermented in step (3) is placed in dryer, drying to material moisture at 55 ~ 65 DEG C is 15%, and packing after 40 ~ 60 mesh sieves, obtains composite bio-fertilizer aqua of the present invention excessively.
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