CN103907555B - A kind of healthy high-yield culturing pool of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) - Google Patents

A kind of healthy high-yield culturing pool of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103907555B
CN103907555B CN201410104593.6A CN201410104593A CN103907555B CN 103907555 B CN103907555 B CN 103907555B CN 201410104593 A CN201410104593 A CN 201410104593A CN 103907555 B CN103907555 B CN 103907555B
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China
Prior art keywords
domatic
culturing pool
haan
gauze
pool
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CN201410104593.6A
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CN103907555A (en
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沈建明
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Suzhou Yangcheng Lake Modern Agriculture Industrial Park Special Aquaculture Co Ltd
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Suzhou Yangcheng Lake Modern Agriculture Industrial Park Special Aquaculture Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

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Abstract

The invention discloses the healthy high-yield culturing pool of a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), described culturing pool includes at the bottom of pool wall and pond, upper surface at the bottom of described pond is domatic, a groove has been dug at described domatic pool wall place, at the opposite side that groove is relative with described pool wall, being provided with gauze, culturing pool is divided into the space that the space of domatic correspondence is corresponding with groove by described gauze;In the space of domatic correspondence, it is fixed with bracing frame at domatic periphery, being provided with oxygen aerated conduit on bracing frame, the common air chamber on pool wall that this aerated conduit is relative with being arranged on gauze is connected, common air chamber by gas control valve with culturing pool outside aerator be connected;On domatic, planted successively downwards from top, slope hydrilla verticillata and shrimp nest。Present configuration is simple, reasonable in design, is conducive to keeping water cleaning in culturing pool;Planted by domatic, effectively raise shrimp culture yield。The present invention can be effectively improved cultured output and the quality of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), has promoted the healthy and rapid development of shrimp culture industry。

Description

A kind of healthy high-yield culturing pool of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan)
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, particularly relate to the healthy aquaculture pond of a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan)。
Background technology
Fresh water Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), formal name used at school Macrobrachium nipponensis (Macrobrachiumnipponense), belong to shell-fish, Decapoda, swimming suborder, Eucyphidea, long-armed section, macrobrachium genus, a fairly large number of one in fresh water shrimp, one of traditional economy shrimp species in China's freshwater aquaculture industry。Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) rich in nutritive value, delicious meat, deep liking by consumers in general。But at present, due to cultivation Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), to there is disease many, and cost is high, it is big to pollute, the shortcoming such as yield poorly, and causes that the enthusiasm of cultivation Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) is not high, shrimp culture industry slower development, it is impossible to meet the consumption demand in market。
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that present invention mainly solves is to provide the healthy high-yield culturing pool of a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan)。
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: provide the healthy high-yield culturing pool of a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), described culturing pool is area is 2~3 mu, the degree of depth is the cuboid of 1.5m, at the bottom of pool wall and pond, upper surface at the bottom of described pond is domatic, with the rib between pool wall that is described domatic and that connect for a limit, having dug a width is 3~5m, the degree of depth is the groove of 1~2m, at the another side place that described groove is relative with described rib, it is provided with the gauze that one side is contour with described culturing pool, described gauze is fixed in described culturing pool, and described culturing pool is divided into the space corresponding with groove, the space of domatic correspondence;In the space of described domatic correspondence, along described domatic periphery near pool wall and described gauze place, being uniformly fixed with 4~8 height is the bracing frame of 0.3~0.5cm, is provided with oxygen aerated conduit on support frame as described above;The common air chamber on pool wall that described oxygen aerated conduit is relative with being arranged on described gauze is connected, described common air chamber by gas control valve with described culturing pool outside aerator be connected;Described domatic on, downward 1/3~1/2 place is pushed up from slope, uniformly plant the hydrilla verticillata that strain spacing is 1.0~1.5m, plant lower edge to described gauze place from described hydrilla verticillata, uniformly planting the shrimp nest that strain spacing is 2~3m, described shrimp nest is the artificial plastics shrimp nest of blackish green aquatic-weed-shaped, similar conical structure, its base diameter is 50~60cm, is highly 30~50cm。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the described domatic gradient is 1:2~3。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the aperture of described gauze is 0.5~0.8cm。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the material of described shrimp nest is the one in LLDPE, PP, PU, flexible PVC。
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the healthy high-yield culturing pool of a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) of the present invention, simple in construction, reasonable in design, by the design of slope structure and gauze bottom groove, shrimp pond, the organic matter such as the Excreta produced in breeding process, remaining bait is made can conveniently to deposit to fixed position in time, convenient removing, first detaches cultivating system by the polluted water bottom pond when also allowing for changing water, is conducive to keeping water cleaning;By domatic hydrilla verticillata and the artificial shrimp nest of planting, provide habitat to the growth of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) and daily life, it is to avoid in breeding process, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) is killed each other, and effectively raises shrimp culture yield。The culturing pool of the present invention, it is possible to be effectively improved cultured output and the quality of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), may advantageously facilitate the healthy and rapid development of shrimp culture industry。
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of healthy high-yield culturing pool one preferred embodiment of a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is slope structure schematic diagram bottom shown culturing pool;
In accompanying drawing, the labelling of each parts is as follows: 1. pool wall, 2. at the bottom of pond, 3. domatic, 4. groove, 5. gauze, 6. the space that groove is corresponding, the 7. space of domatic correspondence, 8. bracing frame, 9. oxygen aeration tube, 10. common air chamber, 11. gas control valve, 12. aerators, 13. hydrilla verticillatas, 14. shrimp nests。
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is described in detail, so that advantages and features of the invention can be easier to be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus protection scope of the present invention being made apparent clear and definite defining。
Referring to accompanying drawing, the embodiment of the present invention includes:
A kind of healthy high-yield culturing pool of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), described culturing pool is area is 2~3 mu, the degree of depth is the cuboid of 1.5m, including at the bottom of pool wall 1 and pond 2, the upper surface of 2 at the bottom of described pond is domatic 3, and the described domatic gradient is 1:2~3, with the rib between described domatic 3 and the pool wall that connects for a limit, having dug a width is 3~5m, and the degree of depth is the groove 4 of 1~2m, acting as of this groove: one, hold the organic and mud such as the Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) Excreta slided on domatic, remaining bait;Two, it is easy to regularly remove organic and mud;Lower floor's polluted water is outwards extracted out from this groove when three, changing water in shrimp pond;At the another side place that described groove 4 is relative with described rib, it is provided with the gauze 5 that one side is contour with described culturing pool, the aperture of described gauze is 0.5~0.8cm, and only the excretion refuse of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), the remaining impurity such as bait, mud can pass through gauze mesh and be deposited in groove, and Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) can not pass through this gauze;This gauze 5 is fixed in described culturing pool, and described culturing pool is divided into the space 6 corresponding with groove, the space 7 of domatic correspondence;In the space 7 of described domatic correspondence, along the described periphery of domatic 3 near pool wall and described gauze place, uniformly it is fixed with the bracing frame 8 that 4~8 height are 0.3~0.5cm, support frame as described above 8 is provided with oxygen aerated conduit 9;The common air chamber 10 on pool wall that described oxygen aerated conduit 9 is relative with being arranged on described gauze 5 is connected, described common air chamber 10 by gas control valve 11 with described culturing pool outside aerator 12 be connected;Described aeration tube 9, common air chamber 10, gas control valve 11 and aerator 12 constitute the aeration system in this shrimp culture pond, and the oxygen that aerator 12 produces inputs formation dissolved oxygen in water by aeration tube 9;At rainy weather, whole day opens aerator;At fair weather, afternoon, 18:00~22:00 point continuously opened aerator, with meet Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) at night demand to dissolved oxygen;On described domatic 3, downward 1/3~1/2 place is pushed up from slope, uniformly plant the hydrilla verticillata 13 that strain spacing is 1.0~1.5m, plant lower edge to described gauze 5 place from described hydrilla verticillata 13, the shrimp nest 14 that strain spacing is 2~3m of uniformly planting, described shrimp nest 14 is the artificial plastics shrimp nest of blackish green aquatic-weed-shaped, similar conical structure, its base diameter is 50~60cm, is highly 30~50cm, and the material of described shrimp nest is the one in LLDPE, PP, PU, flexible PVC。
Present invention is disclosed the healthy high-yield culturing pool of a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), simple in construction, reasonable in design, by the design of slope structure and gauze bottom groove, shrimp pond, the organic matter such as the Excreta produced in breeding process, remaining bait is made can conveniently to deposit to fixed position in time, convenient removing, first detaches cultivating system by the polluted water bottom pond when also allowing for changing water, is conducive to keeping water cleaning;By domatic hydrilla verticillata and the artificial shrimp nest of planting, provide habitat to the growth of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) and daily life, it is to avoid in breeding process, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) is killed each other, and effectively raises shrimp culture yield。The culturing pool of the present invention, it is possible to be effectively improved cultured output and the quality of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), may advantageously facilitate the healthy and rapid development of shrimp culture industry。
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every equivalent structure utilizing description of the present invention and accompanying drawing content to make or equivalence flow process conversion; or directly or indirectly it is used in other relevant technical fields, all in like manner include in the scope of patent protection of the present invention。

Claims (4)

1. the healthy high-yield culturing pool of a Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), it is characterized in that, described culturing pool is area is 2~3 mu, the degree of depth is the cuboid of 1.5m, at the bottom of pool wall and pond, upper surface at the bottom of described pond is domatic, with the rib between described domatic least significant end and the pool wall that connects thereof for a limit, having dug a width is 3~5m, the degree of depth is the groove of 1~2m, at the another side place that described groove is relative with described rib, it is provided with the gauze that one side is contour with described culturing pool, described gauze is fixed in described culturing pool, and described culturing pool is divided into the space corresponding with groove, the space of domatic correspondence;In the space of described domatic correspondence, along described domatic periphery near pool wall and described gauze place, being uniformly fixed with 4~8 height is the bracing frame of 0.3~0.5cm, is provided with oxygen aerated conduit on support frame as described above;The common air chamber on pool wall that described oxygen aerated conduit is relative with being arranged on described gauze is connected, described common air chamber by gas control valve with described culturing pool outside aerator be connected;Described domatic on, downward 1/3~1/2 place is pushed up from slope, uniformly plant the hydrilla verticillata that strain spacing is 1.0~1.5m, plant lower edge to described gauze place from described hydrilla verticillata, uniformly planting the shrimp nest that strain spacing is 2~3m, described shrimp nest is the artificial plastics shrimp nest of blackish green aquatic-weed-shaped, similar conical structure, its base diameter is 50~60cm, is highly 30~50cm。
2. the healthy high-yield culturing pool of a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the described domatic gradient is 1:2~3。
3. the healthy high-yield culturing pool of a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the aperture of described gauze is 0.5~0.8cm。
4. the healthy high-yield culturing pool of a kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the material of described shrimp nest is the one in LLDPE, PP, PU, flexible PVC。
CN201410104593.6A 2014-05-14 2014-05-14 A kind of healthy high-yield culturing pool of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) Expired - Fee Related CN103907555B (en)

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CN104255673A (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-01-07 苏州市泰盛农业科技有限公司 Indoor high-yield leech culture tank
CN104737948B (en) * 2015-02-26 2017-08-25 湖南省植物保护研究所 The method of the Rearing and breeding in the room of Macrobrachium nipponensis
CN107197791A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-09-26 广西壮族自治区水产科学研究院 The pond ecological polyculture method of gift tilapia and Macrobrachium rosenbergii
CN110463648B (en) * 2019-09-25 2022-04-12 中山市隆新水产种苗养殖有限公司 Seawater shrimp culture system and culture method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2600391A1 (en) * 1976-01-07 1977-07-14 Erich Schleiner Nutrient box for aquarium plants - has elongated slits in inclined top panel with seed bedding mixture covered by gravel
DE2613303C2 (en) * 1976-03-29 1982-11-18 Ashco Ohio Products Inc., Ashland, Ohio Aquarium
CN1053526A (en) * 1990-01-20 1991-08-07 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Fish (shrimp) symbiotic fish (shrimp)-vegetable system
KR100762355B1 (en) * 2006-11-18 2007-10-04 솔렌스(주) Structure for constructing a spawning ground block
CN201821763U (en) * 2010-10-09 2011-05-11 宋贵斌 Fish tank convenient in changing water
CN202476284U (en) * 2012-03-22 2012-10-10 刘莹莹 Slope type fish tank with self cleaning function
CN202890208U (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-04-24 重庆盾之王实业有限公司 Culture pond for lobsters
CN103461240A (en) * 2013-09-03 2013-12-25 溧阳市水产技术推广站 Method for continuously cropping and ecologically breeding macrobrachium nipponensis and hydrilla verticillata

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2600391A1 (en) * 1976-01-07 1977-07-14 Erich Schleiner Nutrient box for aquarium plants - has elongated slits in inclined top panel with seed bedding mixture covered by gravel
DE2613303C2 (en) * 1976-03-29 1982-11-18 Ashco Ohio Products Inc., Ashland, Ohio Aquarium
CN1053526A (en) * 1990-01-20 1991-08-07 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Fish (shrimp) symbiotic fish (shrimp)-vegetable system
KR100762355B1 (en) * 2006-11-18 2007-10-04 솔렌스(주) Structure for constructing a spawning ground block
CN201821763U (en) * 2010-10-09 2011-05-11 宋贵斌 Fish tank convenient in changing water
CN202476284U (en) * 2012-03-22 2012-10-10 刘莹莹 Slope type fish tank with self cleaning function
CN202890208U (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-04-24 重庆盾之王实业有限公司 Culture pond for lobsters
CN103461240A (en) * 2013-09-03 2013-12-25 溧阳市水产技术推广站 Method for continuously cropping and ecologically breeding macrobrachium nipponensis and hydrilla verticillata

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