CN103900362B - Bentonite drying kiln - Google Patents

Bentonite drying kiln Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103900362B
CN103900362B CN 201410115716 CN201410115716A CN103900362B CN 103900362 B CN103900362 B CN 103900362B CN 201410115716 CN201410115716 CN 201410115716 CN 201410115716 A CN201410115716 A CN 201410115716A CN 103900362 B CN103900362 B CN 103900362B
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CN
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duct
combustion chamber
drum
provided
tube
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CN 201410115716
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103900362A (en )
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汪元良
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芜湖恒杰膨润土科技有限公司
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Abstract

本发明提供一种膨润土烘干窑,包括燃烧室、与燃烧室连接的滚筒,所述滚筒内设置有风道管,风道管贯穿滚筒和燃烧室,所述风道管位于燃烧室的一端设置有风机,风机与风道管之间的连接管位于设在燃烧室内的燃烧器上端,所述风道管上开设有喷嘴。 The present invention provides a bentonite drying kiln, comprising a combustion chamber, the combustion chamber and connected to the drum, said drum is provided with a duct pipe, the pipe duct and the combustion chamber through the drum, at one end of the air passage duct of the combustion chamber a connecting pipe provided between the fan and the fan duct located in the upper end of the duct burner disposed in the combustion chamber, the air channel tube defines a nozzle. 本发明结构简单,能够有效提升滚筒内的温度,提高烘干效率,提升产量;同时能够加快热气流的升温,节省了燃料,降低了能耗和成本。 The present invention is of simple structure, can effectively improve the temperature inside the drum, to improve drying efficiency, improve yield; while being able to speed up the heating of hot air, fuel savings, reducing energy consumption and cost.

Description

一种膨润土烘干窑 Bentonite drying kiln

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及膨润土加工技术领域,具体涉及一种膨润土烘干窑。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of processing technology bentonite, bentonite particularly relates to a drying kiln.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在人工钠化膨润土的的加工过程中,钠化后的膨润土含水40%,需要对其水分进行调节,调节的方式主要是通过烘干窑进行烘干,从而使得水分降低至10%,但现有的烘干窑烘干效率低,导致加工过程中能耗较大、成本高、产量低。 [0002] In the artificial sodium bentonite during processing, the aqueous sodium bentonite of 40%, the need for adjustment of its water content, is primarily regulated manner through the drying kiln drying, so that the moisture reduced to 10% , but the low efficiency of conventional drying kiln drying, results in a larger processing energy consumption, high cost and low yield.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 针对现有技术存在的问题,本发明提供了一种膨润土烘干窑,通过在滚筒内增设风管道,增强热量的传递效果,使得滚筒内温度得到提升,加速膨润土的烘干效率,提高产量,同时增设连接管并将其直接放置燃烧器上方,可使得连接管内的空气升温速度加快,能够节省燃料。 [0003] for the presence of the prior art, the present invention provides a drying kiln bentonite, by adding air duct in the drum, to enhance the effect of heat transfer, so that the inner temperature of the drum may be raised to accelerate the drying efficiency bentonite, increase production, while additional connection tube and placed directly above the burner, so that the air can be heated to accelerate the rate in the connection pipe, the fuel can be saved.

[0004] 本发明的目的是提供一种膨润土烘干窑,包括燃烧室、与燃烧室连接的滚筒,所述滚筒内设置有风道管,风道管贯穿滚筒和燃烧室,通过风管道带动气流快速流动,能有效提高风管道的温度和利于风管道温度保持,从而对滚筒内的膨润土进行烘干作业;所述风道管位于燃烧室的一端设置有风机,对气流进行第一次加压;风机与风道管之间的连接管位于设在燃烧室内的燃烧器上端,利于气流的快速升温;所述风道管上开设有喷嘴,用于对气流进行再次加压,并且使得热气流从风管道内高速喷出至膨润土表面,带走膨润土中的水分的同时能够破坏滚筒内的气体分层现象,使得烘干更均匀,加速膨润土的烘干,从而提高膨润土的烘干效率。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide a bentonite drying kiln, comprising a combustion chamber, the combustion chamber and connected to the drum, said drum is provided with a duct pipe through the pipe duct and the combustion chamber cylinder, driven by the air duct fast flow stream, can effectively increase the temperature of the air duct and the air pipe facilitate maintaining the temperature, so that bentonite in the drum for drying operation; duct located at one end of the air duct is provided with a combustion chamber fan, the gas stream is first applied pressure; connecting pipe between the blower and the air duct pipe is positioned on the upper end of the burner chamber, facilitates rapid heating gas stream; defines the air duct with a nozzle pipe, for pressurizing the gas flow again, so that the heat and High speed air flow ejected from the air ducts to the surface of the bentonite, bentonite take up moisture while capable of destroying the gas stratification in the drum, so that a more uniform drying, accelerated drying bentonite, bentonite thereby improving drying efficiency.

[0005] 本发明的进一步改进在于:所述连接管的直径大于风道管。 [0005] Further improvements of the present invention: diameter of the connection pipe is larger than the duct tube. 用于对气流进行二次加压,增强热气流的气体压力。 A secondary pressurized airflow to enhance the pressure of the hot gas stream.

[0006] 本发明的进一步改进在于:所述喷嘴有多个,均匀分布在风道管上。 Further improve [0006] the present invention, wherein: said plurality of nozzles uniformly distributed over the pipe duct.

[0007] 本发明的进一步改进在于:所述风道管的另一端为密封结构,保障喷嘴喷出的气体压力。 Further improvement [0007] The present invention is characterized in: the other end of the tube is sealed duct structure, ensure the gas pressure ejected from the nozzle.

[0008] 本发明的进一步改进在于:所述风道管的另一端部设置有挡板,并滚筒内分为烘干区域和冷却区域,一方面利于烘干区域的温度保持,减少热量损失,加快烘干效率,另一方面使得烘干完毕产品通过冷却进行降温,便于后续加工作业。 [0008] The present invention is further improved: the other end portion of the air passage tube is provided with a baffle plate and drum drying region and cooling region is divided into, on the one hand facilitate maintaining temperature of the drying zone, reducing heat loss, accelerate the drying efficiency, on the other hand so that the drying is completed by cooling the product to cool, to facilitate subsequent processing operations.

[0009] 本发明的进一步改进在于:在所述滚筒内部右端设置有与燃烧室相通的循环管道,循环管道上设置有抽风机,循环管道位于挡板的右侧,挡板上开设有与滚筒左部相通的通孔。 [0009] Further improvements of the present invention is: the right end of the drum is provided inside the circulation duct in communication with the combustion chamber, is provided with a suction fan on the circulation pipes, circulation line on the right side of the baffle, the baffle plate defines with the drum through holes left part interlinked. 抽风机带走滚筒内膨润土烘干时产生的湿热空气,又可以返回到燃烧室进行加热处理,保障滚筒内空气的干燥性和流动性,提高烘干效率,也提高了热源的使用率。 Blower away heat generated during the bentonite drying air within the drum can be returned to the combustor and a heat treatment to ensure dryness and fluidity of air into the drum, to improve drying efficiency, but also improves the heat utilization.

[0010] 本发明的进一步改进在于:所述燃烧室内还设置有鼓风装置,通过鼓风装置可以将热气流送至风道管与滚筒之间的空间内,进一步加快膨润土的烘干。 Further improve [0010] the present invention is: further blowing means provided with said combustion chamber, hot gas can be supplied to the space between the pipe duct by blowing means of the drum, to further accelerate drying of bentonite.

[0011] 本发明的进一步改进在于:所述挡板和循环管道内均设置有绝热层或由具有隔热保温的材料所制。 Further improve [0011] the present invention is: or provided with a heat insulating layer made of a material having the insulation within the baffle and the circulation duct.

[0012] 本发明的有益效果:通过在滚筒内增设风管道,增强热量的传递效果,能有效提升滚筒内的温度,加速膨润土的烘干效率,提高产量,同时增设连接管并将其直接放置燃烧器上方,可使得连接管内的空气升温速度加快,能够节省燃料。 [0012] Advantageous effects of the invention: by adding air duct in the drum, to enhance the heat transfer effect, can effectively raise the temperature inside the drum, to accelerate the drying efficiency bentonite, increase production, while additional connection tube and placed directly above the burner may be such that the air in the connection pipe heating speed, fuel can be saved.

[0013] 本发明结构简单,能够有效提升滚筒内的温度,提高烘干效率,提升产量;同时能够加快热气流的升温,节省了燃料,降低了能耗和成本。 [0013] The invention has simple structure, can effectively improve the temperature inside the drum, to improve drying efficiency, improve yield; while being able to speed up the heating of hot air, fuel savings, reducing energy consumption and cost.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 图1是本发明的结构示意图。 [0014] FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention.

[0015] 其中:1 -燃烧室,2-滚筒,3-风道管,4-风机,5-连接管,6-燃烧器,7_喷嘴,8_挡板,9-循环管道,10-抽风机,11-通孔,12-鼓风装置。 [0015] where: 1 - the combustion chamber, the drum 2-, 3- pipe duct, fan 4-, 5- connection pipe, 6 a burner, nozzle 7_, 8_ baffles, circulation duct 9-, 10- exhaust fan, 11 through hole, 12 the blowing means.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0016] 为了加深对本发明的理解,下面将结合实施例对本发明作进一步详述,该实施例仅用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明保护范围的限定。 [0016] For better understanding of the present invention, the following embodiments in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention will be described in further detail, this embodiment is merely for explaining the present invention, not to limit the scope of the present invention.

[0017] 本实施例提供了一种膨润土烘干窑,包括燃烧室1、与燃烧室1连接的滚筒2,所述滚筒2内设置有风道管3,风道管3贯穿滚筒2和燃烧室1,所述风道管3位于燃烧室1的一端设置有风机4,风机4与风道管3之间的连接管5位于设在燃烧室1内的燃烧器6上端,所述风道管3上开设有喷嘴7。 [0017] The present embodiment provides a bentonite drying kiln, comprises a combustion chamber 1, the combustion chamber 1 and connected to the drum 2, the drum 2 is provided with air passage duct 3, through duct roller 2 and tube 3 combustion chamber 1, the air duct pipe 3 at one end of the combustion chamber 1 is provided with a fan 4, the fan 4 is connected between the pipe 35 provided at an upper end positioned within the combustion chamber 16 and the pipe duct, the air duct 3 defines a nozzle tube 7. 风道管3的直径为滚筒2直径的四分之一,所述连接管5的直径为风道管3直径的二倍。 3 duct tube diameter is one quarter of the drum 2 of diameter, the diameter of the tube 5 is connected to the duct 3 two times the diameter of the tube. 所述喷嘴7有多个,均匀分布在风道管3上。 The nozzle 7 has a plurality of evenly distributed over the air passage duct 3. 所述风道管3的另一端为密封结构。 The other end of the air duct 3 to duct sealing structure. 所述风道管3的另一端部设置有挡板8,挡板8将滚筒各位两个区域,左部为烘干区域,右部为冷却区域。 The other end of the air duct pipe portion 3 is provided with a baffle plate 8, the roller shutter 8 Members two areas, the left portion of the drying zone, a cooling area in the right portion. 在所述滚筒2内部右端设置有与燃烧室1相通的循环管道9,循环管道9上设置有抽风机10,循环管道9位于挡板8的右侧,挡板8上开设有与滚筒2左部相通的通孔11。 In the interior of the drum 2 is provided with a right end of the combustion chamber and a circulation duct 9 communicating, the circulation duct is provided with a suction fan 10, the circulating line 9 to the right of the shutter 8 is opened and the drum 2 on the left upper shutter 8 9 a through hole 11 communicating portion. 抽风机10将滚筒2内烘干区域的湿热空气抽出,并通过循环管道9送至燃烧室1内,使得热量得到循环利用。 Drum air blower 10 to heat the drying zone 2 is withdrawn via conduit 9 to the circulating combustion chamber 1, so that heat is recycled. 所述燃烧室1内还设置有鼓风装置12。 The combustion chamber 1 is also provided with blowing means 12. 所述挡板8和循环管道9内均设置有绝热层或由具有隔热保温的材料所制,有利于滚筒1内冷却区域的冷却效果。 The baffle 8 and the circulation duct 9 are provided with a heat insulating layer, or prepared from a material having a thermal insulation, it is conducive to the cooling area of ​​the cooling effect of the drum.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种膨润土烘干窑,包括燃烧室(1 )、与燃烧室(1)连接的滚筒(2),其特征在于:所述滚筒(2)内设置有风道管(3),风道管(3)贯穿滚筒(2)和燃烧室(1),所述风道管(3)位于燃烧室(1)的一端设置有风机(4),风机(4)与风道管(3)之间的连接管(5)位于设在燃烧室(1)内的燃烧器(6)上端,所述风道管(3)上开设有喷嘴(7);所述风道管(3)的另一端部设置有挡板(8),在所述滚筒(2)内部右端设置有与燃烧室(1)相通的循环管道(9),循环管道(9)上设置有抽风机(10),循环管道(9)位于挡板(8)的右侧,挡板(8)上开设有与滚筒(2)左部相通的通孔(11)。 A bentonite drying kiln, the combustion chamber comprising a drum (1), the combustion chamber (1) connected to (2), characterized in that: said drum is provided with (2) pipes duct (3), winds one end of the tube channel (3) through rollers (2) and the combustion chamber (1), the air channel tube (3) of the combustion chamber (1) is provided with a fan (4), the fan (4) and the tube duct (3 connecting tube (5) between) located provided 1) (burner combustion chamber (6) an upper end, the tube defines the air channel nozzle (7) (3); the air channel tube (3) the other end is provided with a baffle plate (8) in the drum (2) is provided with a right end inner combustion chamber (1) communicating with the circulation duct (9), circulation line (9) is provided with a suction fan (10) , the circulation duct (9) located in the baffle (8) to the right, the baffle (8) on which defines with the drum (2) through hole (11) communicating with the left portion.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的一种膨润土烘干窑,其特征在于:所述连接管(5)的直径大于风道管(3)。 2. Bentonite drying kiln according to claim 1, wherein: said connection tube (5) of larger diameter than the tube duct (3).
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的一种膨润土烘干窑,其特征在于:所述喷嘴(7)有多个,均匀分布在风道管(3)上。 Bentonite drying kiln according to claim 1, wherein: said nozzle (7) has a plurality of uniformly distributed over the duct pipe (3).
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的一种膨润土烘干窑,其特征在于:所述风道管(3)的另一端为密封结构。 4. Bentonite drying kiln according to claim 1, wherein: the other end of the duct pipe (3) is a sealing structure.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的一种膨润土烘干窑,其特征在于:所述燃烧室(1)内还设置有鼓风装置(12)。 5. Bentonite drying kiln according to claim 1, wherein: said combustion chamber is further provided with blower means (12) (1).
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的一种膨润土烘干窑,其特征在于:所述挡板(8)和循环管道(9)内均设置有绝热层或由具有隔热保温的材料所制。 Bentonite is the drying kiln according to claim 1, wherein: said baffle plate (8) and the circulation duct (9) is provided with a heat insulating layer, or prepared from a material having a heat insulation.
CN 201410115716 2014-03-26 2014-03-26 Bentonite drying kiln CN103900362B (en)

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CN 201410115716 CN103900362B (en) 2014-03-26 2014-03-26 Bentonite drying kiln

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105987589A (en) * 2015-02-13 2016-10-05 湖北叶威(集团)粮油机械有限公司 Drying material handling equipment
CN105987588A (en) * 2015-02-13 2016-10-05 湖北叶威(集团)粮油机械有限公司 Drum type material drying device

Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3801264A (en) * 1972-04-24 1974-04-02 Heil Co Dehydrating system with exhaust gas recycling
FR2367261A1 (en) * 1976-10-05 1978-05-05 Gourmelin Jacqueline Rotary drum dryer for agricultural products - has three concentric tubes with hot gas generator permanently lined by low alumina bricks
CN2735263Y (en) * 2004-09-13 2005-10-19 肖杰明 An air duct type drying machine
CN101036532A (en) * 2007-03-28 2007-09-19 云南昆船设计研究院 Method and device for drying cigar lamina
CN201285209Y (en) * 2008-10-18 2009-08-05 江苏科行环境工程技术有限公司 Indirect heat transmission type double-cylinder drying machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3801264A (en) * 1972-04-24 1974-04-02 Heil Co Dehydrating system with exhaust gas recycling
FR2367261A1 (en) * 1976-10-05 1978-05-05 Gourmelin Jacqueline Rotary drum dryer for agricultural products - has three concentric tubes with hot gas generator permanently lined by low alumina bricks
CN2735263Y (en) * 2004-09-13 2005-10-19 肖杰明 An air duct type drying machine
CN101036532A (en) * 2007-03-28 2007-09-19 云南昆船设计研究院 Method and device for drying cigar lamina
CN201285209Y (en) * 2008-10-18 2009-08-05 江苏科行环境工程技术有限公司 Indirect heat transmission type double-cylinder drying machine

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