CN103896687A - Method and mobile device for producing biological medicinal fertilizer through aerobic fermentation - Google Patents

Method and mobile device for producing biological medicinal fertilizer through aerobic fermentation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103896687A
CN103896687A CN201410172847.8A CN201410172847A CN103896687A CN 103896687 A CN103896687 A CN 103896687A CN 201410172847 A CN201410172847 A CN 201410172847A CN 103896687 A CN103896687 A CN 103896687A
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China
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bacillus
fermenter
aerobic fermentation
fermentation
mass ratio
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CN201410172847.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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刘军林
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刘军林
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Priority to CN201410172847.8A priority Critical patent/CN103896687A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to a method and a mobile device for producing biological medicinal fertilizer through aerobic fermentation, and particularly relates to a method and a mobile device for producing biological medicinal fertilizer through aerobic fermentation of excrements of livestock at high temperature, belonging to the technical field of biofertilizer and biopesticide. A system comprises the mobile device, a fermentation tank, a stirring, overturning and throwing device, an aeration device, a feeding and discharging device, a circulating water pipeline, a screening device, a drying device, a pelletizing device, and a measuring and packing device; a fermented complex microbial inoculant is prepared by thermophilic bacillus, thermophilic fat bacillus, thermophilic clostridium, methyl trophism bacillus, and anaerobic bacillus according to a mass ratio of (2-3):(1-1.5):(1-1.5):(2-2.5):(1-1.5); after the materials are dried and smashed, 1-8% of chitosan oligosaccharide is added, or 0.1-0.5% of substance with microorganism bacillus subtilis and bacillus amyloliquefaciens in the proportion of 3:1 is added, or 0.1-0.2% of soluble salt of microelements like Cu, Zn, Fe, B, Mn and Mo is added, so that organic combination of the biofertilizer and biopesticide is realized.

Description

Method and the device of a kind of removable aerobic fermentation biological medicine fertilizer processed
Technical field
The present invention relates to method and the device of a kind of removable aerobic fermentation biological medicine fertilizer processed, be particularly related to a kind of removable, high-temperature aerobic fermentation and process feces of livestock and poultry and produce method and the device of biological medicine fertilizer, belong to bio-feritlizer, the required technology of field of biological pesticide and equipment.
Background technology
China is large agricultural country, cultivation big country, the problem of serving as a soldier of 1,300,000,000 populations, eats meat problem and all be unable to do without soil.But the use of the excessive reclamation of wasteland, a large amount of chemical pesticide, chemical fertilizer has made soil nutrient imbalance, soil compaction, soil fertility decline, has a strong impact on output and the quality of agricultural-food.On the other hand, a large amount of feces of livestock and poultry in family, rural culture, plant is unprocessed, and discharge without authorization, causes sewage crossing current, stink to high heaven, serious pollution living environment and underground water source, the Sustainable development in agricultural, rural area is caused to grave danger.The present invention is exactly usage quantity for reducing chemical pesticide, chemical fertilizer, overcome composite fertilizer's problems such as fertilising imbalance and feces of livestock and poultry pollution of simply arranging in pairs or groups, and forming a kind of existing drug effect has again fertilizer efficiency, pollution-free, biodegradable, non-harmful biological medicine fertilizer and device.
Summary of the invention
The present invention relates to method and the device of a kind of removable aerobic fermentation biological medicine fertilizer processed, be particularly related to a kind of removable, high-temperature aerobic fermentation and process feces of livestock and poultry and produce method and the device of biological medicine fertilizer, belong to bio-feritlizer, the required technology of field of biological pesticide and equipment.The technical solution used in the present invention is: method and the device of a kind of removable aerobic fermentation biological medicine fertilizer processed, is characterized in that: system is turned over polishing apparatus, aerating apparatus, charging/discharging device, circulating water line, screening plant, drying unit, prilling granulator, metering packing installation composition by packaged unit, fermenter, stirring; Method and the device of described a kind of removable aerobic fermentation biological medicine fertilizer processed, system is that a processing unit is placed on packaged unit, and fermenter bottom is circulating water line device, and bottom is packaged unit; Fermenter top is provided with to stir turns over polishing apparatus, charging/discharging device, and fermenter bottom land is provided with aerating apparatus, and fermenter and screening plant, drying unit, prilling granulator, metering packing device are connected in series successively; The biological fermentation composite fungus agent dropping in described fermenter by thermophilic ground bud bacillus, bacstearothermophilus, thermophilic clostridium, methylotrophic genus bacillus, anaerobic spore-bearing bacilli in mass ratio the ratio of 2~3:1~1.5:1~1.5:2~2.5:1~1.5 make; In described drying unit, after drying materials, pulverizing, drop into trace mineral supplement oligochitosan, adding mass ratio is 1~8% or microorganisms with specific functions, adding mass ratio is 0.1~0.5%, or add the soluble salt of micro-Cu, Zn, Fe, B, Mn, Mo, adding mass ratio is 0.1~0.2%; Described microorganisms with specific functions is that subtilis, bacillus amyloliquefaciens proportion are 3:1, and the soluble salt of described trace elements zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo is respectively zinc sulfate, boric acid, manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate, copper sulfate, cupric nitrate, ammonium molybdate.Major objective of the present invention is: (1) reduce chemical pesticide, chemical fertilizer usage quantity, overcome composite fertilizer's problems such as fertilising imbalance and feces of livestock and poultry pollution of simply arranging in pairs or groups, form a kind of existing drug effect and have again fertilizer efficiency, pollution-free, biodegradable, non-harmful biological medicine fertilizer and device; (2) in system, be provided with fermenter and biological fermentation composite fungus agent energy high temperature, ultrahigh-temperature aerobic fermentation, thoroughly kill the objectionable impuritiess such as virus in feces of livestock and poultry, reduce the pollution to environment; (3) the ight soil after aerobic fermentation is high-quality fertilizer, reaches nutrient balance by adding oligochitosan, microorganisms with specific functions and trace element, increases fertility of land, and reduces objectionable impurities residual, realizes balance fertilizer, opposing disease and pest, the object of combination of pesticide and fertilizer.Beneficial effect of the present invention: 1, system design packaged unit, facilitate processing unit to move to field and plant processes the agricultural wastes such as ight soil and stalk nearby; Meanwhile, processing unit also can be connected multiple, realizes mass-producing, and high-level efficiency is processed feces of livestock and poultry and produced biological medicine fertilizer; 2, in system, designed circulating water line, the heat that fully good absorption aerobe fermentation produces, can provide hot water, reduces the energy consumption of baking procedure; Also can carry out moisture adjusting to fermented material, improve fermentation efficiency, realize steady running, High-efficient Production biological medicine fertilizer simultaneously; 3, can realize high-level efficiency and quick and precisely install, move, can realize field site disposal agricultural wastes, reduce and pollute, reduce transportation cost, improve processing efficiency.The present invention is rational in infrastructure, is applicable to promoting the use of.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing is a kind of structural representation of the present invention; In figure: 1. packaged unit, 2. fermenter, 3. stirs and turn over polishing apparatus, 4. aerating apparatus, 5. charging/discharging device, 6. circulating water line, 7. screening plant, 8. drying unit, 9. prilling granulator, 10. metering packing device.
Embodiment
Embodiment one: method and the device of a kind of removable aerobic fermentation biological medicine fertilizer processed, is characterized in that: system is turned over polishing apparatus, aerating apparatus, charging/discharging device, circulating water line, screening plant, drying unit, prilling granulator, metering packing installation composition by packaged unit, fermenter, stirring; Method and the device of described a kind of removable aerobic fermentation biological medicine fertilizer processed, system is that a processing unit is placed on packaged unit, and fermenter bottom is circulating water line device, and bottom is packaged unit; Fermenter top is provided with to stir turns over polishing apparatus, charging/discharging device, and fermenter bottom land is provided with aerating apparatus, and fermenter and screening plant, drying unit, prilling granulator, metering packing device are connected in series successively; The biological fermentation composite fungus agent dropping in described fermenter by thermophilic ground bud bacillus, bacstearothermophilus, thermophilic clostridium, methylotrophic genus bacillus, anaerobic spore-bearing bacilli in mass ratio the ratio of 2~3:1~1.5:1~1.5:2~2.5:1~1.5 make; In described drying unit, after drying materials, pulverizing, drop into trace mineral supplement oligochitosan, adding mass ratio is 1~8% or microorganisms with specific functions, adding mass ratio is 0.1~0.5%, or add the soluble salt of micro-Cu, Zn, Fe, B, Mn, Mo, adding mass ratio is 0.1~0.2%; Described microorganisms with specific functions is that subtilis, bacillus amyloliquefaciens proportion are 3:1, and the soluble salt of described trace elements zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo is respectively zinc sulfate, boric acid, manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate, copper sulfate, cupric nitrate, ammonium molybdate.When system operation, first by feces of livestock and poultry, the organic wastes such as stalk enter fermenter by charging/discharging device, use to stir and turn over polishing apparatus, circulating water line carries out batch mixing to material, moisture is adjusted, material moisture 60%, then add biological fermentation composite fungus agent 0.1~0.2%, ventilate by aerating apparatus, keep air flow 1:0.3, maintain static state high-temperature fermentation, fermentation period 15-25 days, turning over throwing number of times determines according to attenuation degree, a fermentation period is advisable for 5~6 times, when material moisture is down to 30% left and right, temperature declines, volume of material reduces 80%, fermentation completes.Material is 1~8% through dropping into oligochitosan ratio after screening, oven dry, pulverizing, or subtilis, bacillus amyloliquefaciens mixture proportion are 3:1, addition 0.1~0.5%, or add the soluble salt of micro-Cu, Zn, Fe, B, Mn, Mo, adding proportion is 0.1~0.2%; Through mixing thoroughly, granulation, metering packing form biological medicine fertilizer.
Embodiment two:
Present embodiment is on the basis of embodiment one, the fermentation raw material dropping into be adjusted, feces of livestock and poultry: stalk: mushroom residue 60:10:30, control water content 50%, add biological fermentation composite fungus agent, 0.3%, keep air flow 1:0.8, maintain static state high-temperature fermentation, fermentation period 15 days, turns over and throws number of times 4 times, be down to 25% left and right when material moisture, fermentation completes.Material separates solid substance through dropping into natural pond liquid after screening, oven dry, pulverizing, and adding proportion is 0.1~0.5%, through mixing thoroughly, and granulation, metering packing formation biological medicine fertilizer.
Embodiment three:
Present embodiment be on the basis of embodiment one to adding trace element adjustment, adding mould, the streptomycete mixture proportion of wood is 10:7, addition is 2~5%.

Claims (3)

1. method and the device of removable aerobic fermentation biological medicine fertilizer processed, is characterized in that: system is turned over polishing apparatus, aerating apparatus, charging/discharging device, circulating water line, screening plant, drying unit, prilling granulator, metering packing installation composition by packaged unit, fermenter, stirring; Method and the device of described a kind of removable aerobic fermentation biological medicine fertilizer processed, system is that a processing unit is placed on packaged unit, and fermenter bottom is circulating water line device, and bottom is packaged unit; Fermenter top is provided with to stir turns over polishing apparatus, charging/discharging device, and fermenter bottom land is provided with aerating apparatus, and fermenter and screening plant, drying unit, prilling granulator, metering packing device are connected in series successively; The biological fermentation composite fungus agent dropping in described fermenter by thermophilic ground bud bacillus, bacstearothermophilus, thermophilic clostridium, methylotrophic genus bacillus, anaerobic spore-bearing bacilli in mass ratio the ratio of 2~3:1~1.5:1~1.5:2~2.5:1~1.5 make; In described drying unit, after drying materials, pulverizing, drop into trace mineral supplement oligochitosan, adding mass ratio is 1~8% or microorganisms with specific functions, adding mass ratio is 0.1~0.5%, or add the soluble salt of micro-Cu, Zn, Fe, B, Mn, Mo, adding mass ratio is 0.1~0.2%; Described microorganisms with specific functions is that subtilis, bacillus amyloliquefaciens proportion are 3:1, and the soluble salt of described trace elements zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo is respectively zinc sulfate, boric acid, manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate, copper sulfate, cupric nitrate, ammonium molybdate.
2. method and the device of a kind of removable aerobic fermentation according to claim 1 biological medicine fertilizer processed, is characterized in that: the proportioning of fermentation materials is: pig manure 60%, stalk 10%, mushroom residue 30%, biological fermentation composite fungus agent 0.3%.
3. method and the device of a kind of removable aerobic fermentation according to claim 1 biological medicine fertilizer processed, is characterized in that: interpolation wood is mould, streptomycete mixture proportion is 10:7, and addition is 2~5%.
CN201410172847.8A 2014-04-25 2014-04-25 Method and mobile device for producing biological medicinal fertilizer through aerobic fermentation Pending CN103896687A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104086247A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-10-08 刘军林 Removable device for producing biological pesticide fertilizer
CN104478512A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-04-01 朱明江 Fermentation, turnover and drying all-in-one machine of organic fertilizer
CN107030084A (en) * 2016-05-13 2017-08-11 谢强 To the portable recycling treatment system of the biological residue such as agricultural crop straw
CN107556068A (en) * 2017-08-28 2018-01-09 山东沃泰生物科技有限公司 A kind of more flora hot fermentation systems of vegetables straw organic fertilizer and its implementation
CN107759264A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-03-06 无锡启集智能科技有限公司 A kind of fertilizer zymotechnique

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201012915Y (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-01-30 浙江大学 Organic refuse horizontal multiple-chamber processing unit
CN201737857U (en) * 2010-05-26 2011-02-09 昆明光宝生物技术工程有限公司 Fermentation device for biodegradable solid waste
CN102942389A (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-02-27 杨晓辉 High-efficiency continuous cropping-resistant organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103641529A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-03-19 宁夏泰瑞制药股份有限公司 Biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201012915Y (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-01-30 浙江大学 Organic refuse horizontal multiple-chamber processing unit
CN201737857U (en) * 2010-05-26 2011-02-09 昆明光宝生物技术工程有限公司 Fermentation device for biodegradable solid waste
CN102942389A (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-02-27 杨晓辉 High-efficiency continuous cropping-resistant organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103641529A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-03-19 宁夏泰瑞制药股份有限公司 Biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104086247A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-10-08 刘军林 Removable device for producing biological pesticide fertilizer
CN104086247B (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-03-30 刘军林 A kind of device of removable biological medicine fertilizer processed
CN104478512A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-04-01 朱明江 Fermentation, turnover and drying all-in-one machine of organic fertilizer
CN107030084A (en) * 2016-05-13 2017-08-11 谢强 To the portable recycling treatment system of the biological residue such as agricultural crop straw
CN107556068A (en) * 2017-08-28 2018-01-09 山东沃泰生物科技有限公司 A kind of more flora hot fermentation systems of vegetables straw organic fertilizer and its implementation
CN107759264A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-03-06 无锡启集智能科技有限公司 A kind of fertilizer zymotechnique

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Application publication date: 20140702