CN103894855B - Rotate quick positioner - Google Patents

Rotate quick positioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103894855B
CN103894855B CN201410153996.XA CN201410153996A CN103894855B CN 103894855 B CN103894855 B CN 103894855B CN 201410153996 A CN201410153996 A CN 201410153996A CN 103894855 B CN103894855 B CN 103894855B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ring
gear
change
location
core axle
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410153996.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103894855A (en
Inventor
陈力
孙厚彬
贺少锋
顾卫红
任艳明
Original Assignee
上海锅炉厂有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 上海锅炉厂有限公司 filed Critical 上海锅炉厂有限公司
Priority to CN201410153996.XA priority Critical patent/CN103894855B/en
Publication of CN103894855A publication Critical patent/CN103894855A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103894855B publication Critical patent/CN103894855B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q16/00Equipment for precise positioning of tool or work into particular locations not otherwise provided for
    • B23Q16/02Indexing equipment
    • B23Q16/04Indexing equipment having intermediate members, e.g. pawls, for locking the relatively movable parts in the indexed position
    • B23Q16/06Rotary indexing

Abstract

The invention discloses the quick positioner of a kind of rotation, it is characterized in that, including positioning core axle, positioning core axle is located at base center, is arranged with change outside positioning core axle, the little ring gear of change contacts connection by needle bearing with lower clamping ring, the big gear ring of change contacts connection with needle roller, and needle roller is connected with the bracer on base, is provided with location ring gear outside the big gear ring of change, location ring gear is connected with base by hydraulic jack, and big gear ring matches with location ring gear.Apparatus of the present invention have simple in construction, low cost of manufacture, simple operation, production and processing efficiency advantages of higher, can Set and Positioning large-scale borer, drill press parts, using apparatus of the present invention that workpiece can rotate location fast, accurately, change number of teeth quantity determines the machining accuracy of product.Can according to actually used demand, it is determined whether install electric transmissio mechanism additional, there is significantly high practicality, it is simple to workshop large scale investment uses.

Description

Rotate quick positioner
Technical field
The present invention relates to the quick positioner of a kind of rotation, it is possible to for Set and Positioning large-scale borer, drill press parts.
Background technology
At present, for the process operation of huge revolving part, plant operations personnel generally use artificial manual on boring machine platform, part is rotated (clamping) to position.When one part of processing, it is necessary to artificial operation, labour force is quite big.Being unable to reach high-precision requirement by simple artificial measurement device, part positioning precision is poor, and the accessory size deviation processed relatively greatly, and uses the production efficiency of this kind of method low.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: provide a kind of simple in construction, low cost of manufacture, simple operation, production efficiency is high, machining accuracy the is high quick positioner of rotation, solve when one part of processing, need artificial operation, labour force is quite big, it is unable to reach high-precision requirement by simple artificial measurement device, part positioning precision is poor, and the accessory size deviation processed is relatively big, and uses the problem that the production efficiency of this kind of method is low.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme is that and provide the quick positioner of a kind of rotation, it is characterized in that, including positioning core axle, positioning core axle is located at base center, change it is arranged with outside positioning core axle, the little ring gear of change is connected with lower clamping ring by needle bearing, the big gear ring of change contacts connection with needle roller, needle roller is connected with the bracer on base, being provided with location ring gear outside the big gear ring of change, location ring gear is connected with base by hydraulic jack, and big gear ring matches with location ring gear.
Preferably, described lower clamping ring is connected with upper trim ring by electric transmissio mechanism, electric transmissio mechanism includes fixture block, it is provided with positioning core axle in the macropore of fixture block, it is connected by grommet between fixture block with positioning core axle, being provided with motor in the aperture of fixture block, the travelling gear bottom motor engages with the little ring gear of change and is connected.
Preferably, the big gear ring of described change is provided with a meter groove.
Preferably, the described number of teeth on big gear ring is at least provided with 3.
Preferably, the external gear of described big gear ring is connected with the internal gear engagement of location ring gear.
Preferably, described location ring gear is at least provided with one.
Apparatus of the present invention can Set and Positioning large-scale borer, drill press parts, after a face of processing work or a certain location hole machine, using apparatus of the present invention that workpiece can rotate location fast, accurately, change number of teeth quantity determines the machining accuracy of product.
Apparatus of the present invention once mounting can position several workpiece, has significantly high production and processing efficiency.And the advantages such as apparatus of the present invention simple in construction, low cost of manufacture, simple operation.In addition apparatus of the present invention are designed as Modularization assembled structure, it is possible to according to actually used demand, it is determined whether install electric transmissio mechanism additional, have significantly high practicality, it is simple to workshop large scale investment uses.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of front view rotating quick positioner;
Fig. 2 is a kind of top view rotating quick positioner;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of fixture block;
Fig. 4 is the top view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of needle bearing;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of a bracer;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of change;
Fig. 8 is the top view of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 8.
Wherein: 1 is positioning core axle, and 2-1 is lower clamping ring, and 2-2 is upper trim ring, 3 is grommet, 4 is motor, and 4-1 is travelling gear, and 5 is fixture block, and 5-1 is macropore, 5-2 is aperture, and 6 is needle bearing, and 7 is change, and 7-1 is little ring gear, 7-2 is big gear ring, and 7-3 is rice groove, and 8 is nut, 9 is location ring gear, and 10 is hydraulic jack, and 11 is foundation ring, 12 is needle roller, and 13 is a bracer, and 14 is base.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the present invention become apparent, hereby with preferred embodiment, and accompanying drawing is coordinated to be described in detail below.
The present invention is the quick positioner of a kind of rotation, and it is designed as module assembled structure.As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, wherein positioning core axle 1, lower clamping ring 2-1, needle bearing 6, change 7, nut 8, location ring gear 9, hydraulic jack 10, foundation ring 11, needle roller 12, a bracer 13, base 14 can be considered a mechanical mechanism.Wherein grommet 3, motor 4, fixture block 5 can be considered an electric transmissio mechanism.The present invention can according to user demand, it is considered to whether install electric transmissio mechanism additional.Contacting for sliding friction between fixture block 5 with grommet 3, fixture block 5 can rotate in a circumferential direction around grommet 3, positioning core axle 1, is tightened by lower clamping ring 2-1 and upper trim ring 2-2.
Embodiment 1
The present invention is not when installing electric transmissio mechanism additional, positioning core axle 1 is arranged on base 14 center, change 7 it is cased with outside positioning core axle 1, as shown in Figure 7, Figure 8, the little ring gear 7-1 of change 7 is connected with lower clamping ring 2-1 by needle bearing 6 (as shown in Figure 5), needle bearing 6 is enclosed within positioning core axle 1, and the top of needle bearing 6 uses lower clamping ring 2-1 to be fixed.The big gear ring 7-2 of change 7 contacts connection with needle roller 12, needle roller 12 is installed on base 14 by a bracer 13, it is installed in base 14 bottom hydraulic jack 10, location ring gear 9 there is stepped hole, support bar in hydraulic jack 10 is installed in ring gear 9 stepped hole of location, and use foundation ring, two ends 11, nut 8 are fixed.Support bar top design in hydraulic jack 10 has screw thread, and middle part is designed as column structure.Foundation ring 11 is welded to connect with the support bar in hydraulic jack 10.Location ring gear 9 is arranged on outside the big gear ring 7-2 of change 7, and big gear ring 7-2 matches with location ring gear 9, and location ring gear 9 has at least one.The external gear of big gear ring 7-2 is connected with the internal gear engagement of location ring gear 9.The big gear ring 7-2 of change 7 has a meter groove 7-3.The number of teeth on big gear ring 7-2 has at least 3.
In the present embodiment, location ring gear 9 is 4.The number of teeth on big gear ring 7-2 is 360, as it is shown in figure 9,1 angle (1 degree) in corresponding 360 ° of per tooth, change often rotates 1 tooth, and namely change platform just rotates 1 degree.
Screw thread is arranged at positioning core axle 1 top, and bottom positioning core axle 1 and inside is cylinder design structure.Lower clamping ring 2-1, upper trim ring 2-2, grommet 3 are designed as circular ring structure, have screw thread, be connected with the threaded engagement of positioning core axle 1 inside it.Comprising the adjustment switch controlling motor speed in motor 4, the rotating speed of motor is that 1-300 turns/min.Propping up design on bracer 13 and have through hole, as shown in Figure 6, a bracer 13 two pieces is one group, middle installation needle roller 12, props up and is welded to connect between bracer 13 and base 14.On base 14, design has stepped hole, is used for installing positioning core axle 1, hydraulic jack 10.Being welded to connect between positioning core axle 1 and base 14, between hydraulic jack 10 with base 14, interference fit is connected.Base 14 is designed as circular ring structure, and edge's design is fluted.
It is as follows that the quick positioner of a kind of rotation operates with step:
1, the part in apparatus of the present invention is fully completed assembling (being fitted without electric transmissio mechanism in the present embodiment).Apparatus of the present invention are positioned over boring table processing correct position, use hold down gag to be clamped fixing by cleaning boring table face.
2, product parts is positioned in change 7 workbench (i.e. big gear ring 7-2).T-shaped screw, screw rod, nut is used to be fixedly clamped by product parts on change 7 workbench.
3, promote the support bar in hydraulic jack 10, mention location ring gear 9 accordingly.Artificial change 7 is rotated to after proper angle, shrinking the support bar in hydraulic jack 10, make location ring gear 9 be meshed with the big gear ring 7-2 of change 7.Namely change 7 platform is locked, and the angle completing product parts rotates.
The present invention is compared to prior art, and when not installing electric transmissio mechanism additional, the clamping time economization of product is about the time of 1/3.When the elbow that processing criterion is 90 degree and threeway, its trueness error is ± 0.05-0.1 degree, and the error of the machining accuracy of prior art is ± 2-3 degree, present invention substantially reduces the scale error of product.
Embodiment 2
The present invention is when installing electric transmissio mechanism additional, and its structure increases electric transmissio mechanism on the basis of embodiment 1.Lower clamping ring 2-1 is connected with upper trim ring 2-2 by electric transmissio mechanism, electric transmissio mechanism includes fixture block 5, as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, has positioning core axle 1 in the macropore 5-1 of fixture block 5, being connected by grommet 3 between fixture block 5 with positioning core axle 1, it contacts for sliding friction between any two.Top uses upper trim ring 2-2 to be fixed.Motor 4 is installed in the aperture 5-2 of fixture block 5, and the travelling gear 4-1 bottom motor 4 engages with the little ring gear 7-1 of change 7 and is connected.
It is as follows that the quick positioner of a kind of rotation operates with step:
1, the part in apparatus of the present invention is fully completed assembling (being provided with electric transmissio mechanism in the present embodiment).Apparatus of the present invention are positioned over boring table processing correct position, use hold down gag to be clamped fixing by cleaning boring table face.
2, unclamp trim ring 2-2 on apparatus of the present invention top, rotary electric drive mechanism, product parts is positioned over change 7 workbench (i.e. big gear ring 7-2) upper (ensureing that product parts will not collide with electric transmissio mechanism in rotary course).Screw trim ring 2-2 on top afterwards, use T-shaped screw, screw rod, nut to be fixedly clamped by product parts on change 7 workbench.
3, promote the support bar in hydraulic jack 10, mention location ring gear 9 accordingly.Opening the switch in motor 4, change 7 rotates to after proper angle, shrinking the support bar in hydraulic jack 10, make location ring gear 9 be meshed with the big gear ring 7-2 of change 7.Namely change 7 platform is locked, and the angle completing product parts rotates.
The present invention is compared to prior art, and when installing electric transmissio mechanism additional, the clamping time economization of product is about the time of 1/2.When the elbow that processing criterion is 90 degree and threeway, its trueness error is ± 0.05-0.1 degree, and the error of the machining accuracy of prior art is ± 2-3 degree, present invention substantially reduces the scale error of product.
Although the present invention can disclose as above with preferred embodiments; but the present invention of being not limited to, any those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; when doing a little amendment and perfect, therefore protection scope of the present invention is when with being as the criterion that claim defines.

Claims (5)

1. one kind rotates quick positioner, it is characterized in that, including positioning core axle (1), positioning core axle (1) is located at base (14) center, change (7) it is arranged with outside positioning core axle (1), the little ring gear (7-1) of change (7) is connected with lower clamping ring (2-1) by needle bearing (6), the big gear ring (7-2) of change (7) contacts connection with needle roller (12), needle roller (12) is connected with the bracer (13) on base (14), big gear ring (7-2) outside of change (7) is provided with location ring gear (9), location ring gear (9) is connected with base (14) by hydraulic jack (10), big gear ring (7-2) matches with location ring gear (9), described location ring gear (9) is at least provided with one.
2. the quick positioner of a kind of rotation as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described lower clamping ring (2-1) is connected with upper trim ring (2-2) by electric transmissio mechanism, electric transmissio mechanism includes fixture block (5), it is provided with positioning core axle (1) in the macropore (5-1) of fixture block (5), it is connected by grommet (3) between fixture block (5) with positioning core axle (1), it is provided with motor (4) in the aperture (5-2) of fixture block (5), the travelling gear (4-1) of motor (4) bottom engages with the little ring gear (7-1) of change (7) and is connected.
3. the quick positioner of a kind of rotation as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the big gear ring (7-2) of described change (7) is provided with a meter groove (7-3).
4. the quick positioner of a kind of rotation as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the described number of teeth on big gear ring (7-2) is at least provided with 3.
5. the one as described in claim 1 or 4 rotates quick positioner, it is characterised in that the external gear of described big gear ring (7-2) is connected with the internal gear engagement of location ring gear (9).
CN201410153996.XA 2014-04-17 2014-04-17 Rotate quick positioner CN103894855B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410153996.XA CN103894855B (en) 2014-04-17 2014-04-17 Rotate quick positioner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410153996.XA CN103894855B (en) 2014-04-17 2014-04-17 Rotate quick positioner

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN103894855A CN103894855A (en) 2014-07-02
CN103894855B true CN103894855B (en) 2016-07-06

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111390758A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-07-10 马鞍山博越精密机械有限公司 Automobile brake caliper support tool

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CN2637086Y (en) * 2003-08-28 2004-09-01 江苏金方圆数控机床有限公司 Digital controlled rotary turret puncher pincer clamp regulating structure
CN202021476U (en) * 2010-12-13 2011-11-02 杭州九龙机械制造有限公司 Automobile connecting rod fine boring jig
CN102297245A (en) * 2010-06-25 2011-12-28 加茂精工株式会社 Roller type transmission device
CN102744619A (en) * 2012-07-10 2012-10-24 苏州工业园区艺达精密机械有限公司 Automatic drilling milling clamp
CN202571925U (en) * 2012-03-23 2012-12-05 西安西光模具制造有限公司 Fixture for four-side machining machine tool
CN103028985A (en) * 2013-01-09 2013-04-10 昆山勇翔精密机械有限公司 Rotary clamp for multidirectional processing of automobile steering device shell
CN203109646U (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-08-07 常州市第一橡塑设备有限公司 Drilling machine mud pump bearing cap machining tool
CN203804603U (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-09-03 上海锅炉厂有限公司 Rotating quick locating device

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20050003316A (en) * 2003-06-27 2005-01-10 신천기계공업주식회사 Machining jig and machining method thereof for machining a large diesel engine four-end cover in a small boring to make a large workpiece by a small device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2637086Y (en) * 2003-08-28 2004-09-01 江苏金方圆数控机床有限公司 Digital controlled rotary turret puncher pincer clamp regulating structure
CN102297245A (en) * 2010-06-25 2011-12-28 加茂精工株式会社 Roller type transmission device
CN202021476U (en) * 2010-12-13 2011-11-02 杭州九龙机械制造有限公司 Automobile connecting rod fine boring jig
CN202571925U (en) * 2012-03-23 2012-12-05 西安西光模具制造有限公司 Fixture for four-side machining machine tool
CN102744619A (en) * 2012-07-10 2012-10-24 苏州工业园区艺达精密机械有限公司 Automatic drilling milling clamp
CN103028985A (en) * 2013-01-09 2013-04-10 昆山勇翔精密机械有限公司 Rotary clamp for multidirectional processing of automobile steering device shell
CN203109646U (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-08-07 常州市第一橡塑设备有限公司 Drilling machine mud pump bearing cap machining tool
CN203804603U (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-09-03 上海锅炉厂有限公司 Rotating quick locating device

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