CN103894278B - A kind of powder song equipment and the method for the bent powder of preparation thereof - Google Patents

A kind of powder song equipment and the method for the bent powder of preparation thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103894278B
CN103894278B CN201410123599.8A CN201410123599A CN103894278B CN 103894278 B CN103894278 B CN 103894278B CN 201410123599 A CN201410123599 A CN 201410123599A CN 103894278 B CN103894278 B CN 103894278B
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China
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powder
airduct
bent
dust
disintegrating
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CN201410123599.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103894278A (en
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袁明权
龙村
吴云东
景峰
张�杰
陈昭华
成岩
董云
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贵州茅台酒股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of powder song equipment and the method for the bent powder of preparation thereof, described powder song equipment includes wind model system and the disintegrating mechanism being connected with wind model system, bent powder buffering chamber and sack cleaner, described wind model system includes air-introduced machine, feeding airduct, dust suction airduct, dust and gas airduct and clean gas airduct, wherein feeding airduct one end is connected with disintegrating mechanism, the other end is connected with bent powder buffering chamber by three-way switch valve, the upper end of described bent powder buffering chamber is connected with dust and gas airduct, described dust suction airduct closes pipeline with being connected formation after dust and gas airduct parallel connection with disintegrating mechanism, it is also associated with comprehensive controller on described three-way switch valve;The method step of the bent powder of described preparation includes that knee-piece crushes, bent powder wind model, bent powder are collected and environmental dust removal;The present invention, by knee-piece broken under full negative pressure state and the bent powder of conveying, can monitor fragmentation quality in real time, effectively control disintegrating machine operating temperature, be greatly improved transfer efficiency.

Description

A kind of powder song equipment and the method for the bent powder of preparation thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to brewing technical field, relate to a kind of powder song equipment and the side of the bent powder of preparation thereof Method.
Background technology
Knee-piece is broken for powdered granule and is referred to as powder song by wine brewing process, can produce big during powder song Amount dust, severe contamination production environment, workman's health be will also result in infringement, but realize dustless Powder Qu Bixu has solved following two problem, and one is to crush knee-piece in sealed states, and two is close The bent powder crushed is carried under envelope state.For solving above-mentioned two problems, traditional process It is utilized on powder song equipment adding a cover total sealing device, it is achieved broken under sealing state, sealing The bent powder of conveying under state, but adopt the possibility the most only with theory, not there is actual behaviour The property made, the problem existed mainly has: one is under fully sealed position, the matter of crusher in crushing Amount cannot be carried out controlling in real time, and under sealing state, bent soot density is very big, and visibility is extremely low, nothing Method sets in passing through or the device of peripheral hardware carries out time monitoring;Two is at disintegrating machine when broken, work Make temperature can prolongation over time and slowly raise, can accelerate to rise under a sealing state Temperature, if lowering the temperature not in time, can lead to a disaster, and has had a strong impact on the efficiency that powder is bent;Three be The bent powder of conveying under sealing state, bent powder particles is less, lighter in weight, and a large amount of Qu Fenhui float In annular seal space, bent powder is caused to be carried.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems referred to above, the invention provides a kind of powder song equipment and the side of the bent powder of preparation thereof Method.By disintegrating mechanism, bulk knee-piece is broken for powdered granule song powder, and in the guiding of wind-force Lower being delivered to by song powder utilizes with bent point accordingly.By song broken under full negative pressure state Block and the bent powder of conveying, can monitor fragmentation quality in real time, effectively control disintegrating machine operating temperature, Improve transfer efficiency.
It is an object of the invention to be achieved by following technical solution.
A kind of powder song equipment, including wind model system and the pulverizing that is connected with wind model system Mechanism, bent powder buffering chamber and sack cleaner, described wind model system includes air-introduced machine, send Material airduct, dust suction airduct, dust and gas airduct and clean gas airduct, wherein feeding airduct one end and pulverizing Mechanism connects, and the other end is connected with bent powder buffering chamber by three-way switch valve, described bent powder caching The upper end in storehouse is connected with dust and gas airduct, with pulverizer after described dust suction airduct is in parallel with dust and gas airduct Structure connects formation Guan Bi pipeline, and the entrance of described sack cleaner is connected with dust and gas airduct, outlet Being connected with clean gas airduct, described clean gas airduct switches through air-introduced machine and atmosphere, described threeway Comprehensive controller it is also associated with on valve.
It is provided with discharge aeration valve on described feeding airduct.
Use technique scheme, carry power source by air-introduced machine as powder, by air-introduced machine Produce pipe negative pressure, make the Qu Fencong higher-pressure region of entrance feeding airduct to low by discharge aeration valve Nip runs, and can enter bent powder buffering chamber and mother's song measuring chute simultaneously, carrying out practically direction by Three-way switch valve controls, and three-way switch valve is connected with comprehensive controller, and comprehensive controller is by being Three-way switch valve is assigned open and close instruction by unified editing journey, so that bent powder is run by the direction specified, Enter to specify and use bent point, thus realize in knee-piece shattering process, fragmentation quality being supervised in real time Control.
Described bent powder buffering chamber lower end is provided with cyclone dust extractor.
Use technique scheme, complete in Qu Fencong feeding airduct de-by cyclone dust extractor From, the function of cyclone dust extractor is to be separated with air by song powder, and the bent powder after separation enters and refers to use Qu Dian;Air after separation enters dust and gas airduct, due to entering of dust and gas airduct and sack cleaner Mouth connects, after a small amount of bent powder being included in dust and gas airduct is filtered by sack cleaner, and deposition In the bottom of sack cleaner, enter feeding airduct by discharge aeration valve, start secondary cycle; Air owing to the outlet of sack cleaner is connected with clean gas airduct, after sack cleaner filters Impurity is less, and cleannes are higher, meets country's emptying standard, can be entered greatly by clean gas airduct Gas, improves transfer efficiency.
Described disintegrating mechanism includes one-level disintegrating mechanism or multi-stage crushing mechanism, and wherein one-level is pulverized Mechanism is that one or more disintegrating machine is formed in parallel, and multi-stage crushing mechanism is by crushing value from big to small Multiple stage disintegrating machine be in series.
Described multi-stage crushing mechanism includes claw disintegrating machine and hammer leaf fine crusher, and wherein claw crushes The broken value of machine is primary breakup, and the broken value of hammer leaf fine crusher is that final stage crushes, and knee-piece is through pawl Input hammer leaf fine crusher after formula crusher in crushing again to crush.
The discharging opening of described claw disintegrating machine is provided with powder iron remover, and the discharging of powder iron remover Mouth is connected with hammer leaf fine crusher.
It is provided with automatic limiting measuring device below the charging aperture of described claw disintegrating machine.By automatic limited Device opening and closing movement controls the size of charging aperture, and when knee-piece charging is fast, charging aperture diminishes;Knee-piece When feeding slow, charging aperture becomes big, and speed and capacity that knee-piece so enters system are carried out effectively Control, efficiently solve system problem of temperature rise.
The discharging opening vertical elevation of described disintegrating mechanism is less than the charging aperture absolute altitude of sack cleaner.
A kind of method using the bent powder of above-mentioned powder song equipment preparation, its method is mainly the most negative Carry out knee-piece broken and bent powder conveying under pressure condition, negative pressure by air-introduced machine and with air-introduced machine 204 The wind model system of connection realizes, and its concrete grammar step is as follows:
A, knee-piece are broken: first put into by knee-piece in claw disintegrating machine and carry out the first order and crush, then Bulk knee-piece is broken into through the second level graininess song powder wherein second level and is broken for a hammer With a claw after sheet fine crusher and the series connection of claw disintegrating machine, two hammer leaf fine crusher parallel connections Disintegrating machine series connection or a hammer leaf fine crusher connect with hammer leaf intermediate crusher after with a claw Disintegrating machine;
B, bent powder wind model: the block knee-piece as described in step a is broken broken through the second level Being broken into graininess Qu Fenhou, bent powder is entered the feeding airduct sealed, and grasps by discharge aeration valve Make three-way switch valve and control the bent powder flow direction, make bent powder enter along feeding airduct under the guiding of wind-force Enter cyclone dust extractor and sack cleaner is collected;
C, bent powder are collected: the bent powder as described in step b enters whirlwind under the guiding of wind-force and removes After dirt device and sack cleaner, first being separated by Qu Fenyu gas by cyclone dust extractor, bent powder is direct Entering storage device, dusty gas enters back into sack cleaner and collects remaining dust, and enters Bent powder wind model pipeline multi-cycle separation is collected, and clean gas discharges air through clean gas airduct;
D, environmental dust removal: bent powder wind model system pipeline expands to each airborne dust point, passes through Dust shield, captures dust, and Collection utilization.
Described three-way switch valve is controlled by comprehensive controller, and threeway is cut by comprehensive controller Change valve and assign open and close instruction, so that bent powder is run by the direction specified, enter the use specified Qu Dian.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Compared with prior art, present invention have the advantage that
(1) breaking capacity is strong, will not stagnant blocked portion machine;
(2) being equipped with strong deironing apparatus, web plate, hammer leaf are long for service life;
(3) owing to using full negative pressure mode of operation, and cut by comprehensive controller control threeway Change valve, make wind-force directed flow, prevent dust from producing the phenomenon that leaks, can monitor broken in real time Quality, improves crushing efficiency, can effectively control broken dress by arranging automatic limiting measuring device simultaneously Put intensification;
(4) owing to using negative-pressure air power conveying, flexible arrangement, convenience, dust is existing without leaking As, affected by environment little, unparalleled to pollution;
(5) powder song equipment of the present invention and the method for the bent powder of preparation, its conveying are used Distance is remote, typically up to 70m, up to 120m after extension;
(6) can have multiple with bent point, easy switching;
(7) recycling of dust is convenient easily;
(8) used by the extension of negative-pressure air power, solve feeding point airborne dust problem.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the embodiment of the present invention one structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the embodiment of the present invention two structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the embodiment of the present invention three structural representation.
In figure: 101-claw disintegrating machine, 102-powder iron remover, 103-hammer leaf fine crusher, 104- Automatic limiting measuring device, 105-hammer leaf intermediate crusher, 201-discharge aeration valve, 202-feeding airduct, 203- Three-way switch valve, 204-air-introduced machine, 205-dust suction airduct, 206-dust and gas airduct, the clean gas of 207- Airduct, 301-cyclone dust extractor, 302-sack cleaner, 401-bent point, 402-song powder delay Storage.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme is further described below in conjunction with embodiment accompanying drawing, but claimed Scope be not limited to described.
Embodiment one: as it is shown in figure 1, a kind of powder song equipment of the present invention, including wind-force Induction system and the disintegrating mechanism being connected with wind model system, bent powder buffering chamber 402 and cloth bag Cleaner unit 302, described wind model system includes air-introduced machine 204, feeding airduct 202, inhales Dirt airduct 205, dust and gas airduct 206 and clean gas airduct 207, wherein feeding airduct 202 one end Be connected with disintegrating mechanism, described disintegrating mechanism by after the parallel connection of two hammer leaf fine crushers 103 with one Claw disintegrating machine 101 is connected, and described feeding airduct 202 other end is cut by three threeways respectively Change valve 203 to connect with three bent powder buffering chambers 402, described each bent powder buffering chamber 402 upper End is connected with dust and gas airduct 206, is provided with whirlwind in each bent powder buffering chamber 402 lower end and removes Dirt device 301, bent powder enters corresponding use by bent powder buffering chamber 402 through cyclone dust extractor 301 Bent point 401.Described dust suction airduct 205 is connected with disintegrating mechanism after dust and gas airduct 206 parallel connection Form Guan Bi pipeline, the entrance of described sack cleaner 302 with from each bent powder buffering chamber The dust and gas airduct 206 of 402 connects, and outlet is connected with clean gas airduct 207, described clean gas airduct 207 are also associated with comprehensively on air-introduced machine 204 and atmosphere, described three-way switch valve 203 Controller.Two discharge aeration valves 201, each discharge it is provided with on described feeding airduct 202 Aeration valve 201 lays respectively at below corresponding hammer leaf fine crusher 103.Described claw disintegrating machine Automatic limiting measuring device 104 it is provided with below the charging aperture of 101.
In the present embodiment, air-introduced machine 204 carries power source as powder, by air-introduced machine 204 Produce pipe negative pressure, made by discharge aeration valve 201 Qu Fencong of entrance feeding airduct 202 high Nip runs to low-pressure area, can enter bent powder buffering chamber and mother's song measuring chute simultaneously, specifically transport Line direction is controlled by three three-way switch valves 203, three three-way switch valves 203 and Comprehensive Control Instrument connects, and three-way switch valve 203 is assigned open and close by System Programming and instructed by comprehensive controller, So that bent powder is run by the direction specified, enter specify three with song point 401.Comprehensive control Instrument processed is the control centre of powder bowed pastern system, and it can control the startup of all devices motor and stop Only, startup and the stopping order of each equipment and is managed by programming.On operation interface, The operation of bent powder shows with lines flowing the most intuitively, and the operating of each motor turns with fan Dynamic pattern manifests, and voltage, current value show with data mode in good time, so by operation circle Face just can be with the operation conditions of each equipment of real-time monitoring system.If equipment breaks down, electric current, Magnitude of voltage exceeds normal set point, then the fan indicating this equipment shuts down, and with red light Flashing mode is reported to the police, and system is automatically stopped operation, and maintainer can eliminate fault in time.
In the technical program, bent powder runs the wind-force provided by air-introduced machine 204 in pipeline and drives Dynamic, feed opening rate of feeding, disintegrating mechanism particle speed, pipeline song powder flowing velocity and air inducing Machine 204 power matches, if overload operation makes system each link temperature raise, and work shakiness Fixed, then control system autostop.By arranging an automatic limiting measuring device 104 below spout, The size of charging aperture is controlled by automatic limiting measuring device 104 opening and closing movement, when knee-piece charging is fast, Charging aperture diminishes;When knee-piece charging is slow, charging aperture becomes big, and knee-piece so enters the speed of system Degree and capacity control effectively, and efficiently solve system problem of temperature rise.
In the technical program, departing from Qu Fencong feeding airduct 202 is to pass through cyclone dust extractor 301 complete, and the function of cyclone dust extractor 301 is to be separated with air, after separation by song powder Bent powder enters specifies with song point 401.Air after separation enters dust and gas airduct 206, dust and gas wind Pipe 206 is connected with the entrance of sack cleaner 302, and be included in dust and gas airduct 206 is a small amount of After bent powder is filtered by sack cleaner 302, it is deposited on the bottom of sack cleaner 302, logical Cross discharge aeration valve 201 and enter feeding airduct 202, start secondary cycle.Sack cleaner 302 Outlet be connected with clean gas airduct 207, through sack cleaner 302 filter after air plankton relatively Few, cleannes are high, meet country's emptying standard, enter air by clean gas airduct 207. Owing to being provided with dust shield at feed opening and each bent powder buffering chamber outlet, feed opening here and Each bent powder buffering chamber outlet is also the air inlet of system, can be inhaled by bent powder a small amount of in ambient air Entering dust suction airduct 205, dust suction airduct 205 is in parallel with dust and gas airduct 206, by sack cleaner 302 dedustings.Bent powder is delivered to each bent point 401 by negative pressure from disintegrating mechanism, abandons tradition Mechanical mode of movement, this technical scheme structure is dexterous, easy to maintenance, i.e. economical, environmental protection again.
The present embodiment is two-stage breaking patterns, and the first order is broken for an initial breaking machine and (is Fig. 1 In claw disintegrating machine 101), the second level is that (hammer leaf being in Fig. 1 is thin for two thin broken machines Broken machine 103), connect with a claw disintegrating machine 101 after the parallel connection of two hammer leaf fine crushers 103 Formed disintegrating mechanism, with song point 401 be 3 and more than.Wherein claw disintegrating machine 101 is broken Broken value is primary breakup, and the broken value of hammer leaf fine crusher 103 is that final stage crushes, and knee-piece is through claw It is respectively delivered to two hammer leaf fine crushers 103 after disintegrating machine 101 is broken again crush.At described pawl The discharging opening of formula disintegrating machine 101 is provided with powder iron remover 102, and the going out of powder iron remover 102 Material mouth is connected with hammer leaf fine crusher 103.Described powder iron remover 102 includes magnetic separator de-ironing and sub-material Machine, magnetic separator de-ironing connects with depiler, and depiler has multiple discharging opening, and each discharging opening is connected One hammer leaf fine crusher 103;In the present embodiment, a claw disintegrating machine 101 connects two Powder iron remover 102, every powder iron remover 102 is respectively with a hammer leaf fine crusher 103 even Connect.In this technical scheme, it is in charge of connection owing to arranging air-introduced machine 204 with corresponding, permissible It is empty that the internal air pressure making disintegrating mechanism, wind model system and bent powder collect is below environment Atmospheric pressure.Make this equipment can crush knee-piece and the bent powder of conveying under full negative pressure state.Installing Time, the discharging opening vertical elevation of described claw disintegrating machine 101 and hammer leaf fine crusher 103 is less than song The charging aperture of powder collecting device, bent powder collecting device here includes cyclone dust extractor 301 and cloth Bag dust collector 302.
Embodiment two: as in figure 2 it is shown, a kind of powder song equipment of the present invention, including wind-force Induction system and the disintegrating mechanism being connected with wind model system, bent powder buffering chamber 402 and cloth bag Cleaner unit 302, described wind model system includes air-introduced machine 204, feeding airduct 202, inhales Dirt airduct 205, dust and gas airduct 206 and clean gas airduct 207, wherein feeding airduct 202 one end Being connected with disintegrating mechanism, described disintegrating mechanism is broken with a claw by a hammer leaf fine crusher 103 Broken machine 101 is connected, and described feeding airduct 202 other end is respectively by two three-way switch valves 203 connect with two bent powder buffering chambers 402, the upper end of described each bent powder buffering chamber 402 with Dust and gas airduct 206 is connected, and is provided with cyclone dust extractor in each bent powder buffering chamber 402 lower end 301, bent powder enters corresponding bent point by bent powder buffering chamber 402 through cyclone dust extractor 301 401.Described dust suction airduct 205 be connected formation after dust and gas airduct 206 parallel connection with disintegrating mechanism Guan Bi pipeline, the entrance of described sack cleaner 302 with from each bent powder buffering chamber 402 Dust and gas airduct 206 connects, and outlet is connected with clean gas airduct 207, described clean gas airduct 207 warp Air-introduced machine 204 and atmosphere, described three-way switch valve 203 is also associated with comprehensive controller. A discharge aeration valve 201, discharge aeration valve 201 it is provided with on described feeding airduct 202 Below hammer leaf fine crusher 103.It is provided with below the charging aperture of described claw disintegrating machine 101 certainly Dynamic stopper 104.
In the present embodiment, air-introduced machine 204 carries power source as powder, by air-introduced machine 204 Produce pipe negative pressure, made by discharge aeration valve 201 Qu Fencong of entrance feeding airduct 202 high Nip runs to low-pressure area, can enter bent powder buffering chamber and mother's song measuring chute simultaneously, specifically transport Line direction is controlled by two three-way switch valves 203, two three-way switch valves 203 and Comprehensive Control Instrument connects, and three-way switch valve 203 is assigned open and close by System Programming and instructed by comprehensive controller, So that bent powder is run by the direction specified, enter specify two with song point 401.Comprehensive control Instrument processed is the control centre of powder bowed pastern system, and it can control the startup of all devices motor and stop Only, startup and the stopping order of each equipment and is managed by programming.On operation interface, The operation of bent powder shows with lines flowing the most intuitively, and the operating of each motor turns with fan Dynamic pattern manifests, and voltage, current value show with data mode in good time, so by operation circle Face just can be with the operation conditions of each equipment of real-time monitoring system.If equipment breaks down, electric current, Magnitude of voltage exceeds normal set point, then the fan indicating this equipment shuts down, and with red light Flashing mode is reported to the police, and system is automatically stopped operation, and maintainer can eliminate fault in time.
In the technical program, bent powder runs the wind-force provided by air-introduced machine 204 in pipeline and drives Dynamic, feed opening rate of feeding, disintegrating mechanism particle speed, pipeline song powder flowing velocity and air inducing Machine 204 power matches, if overload operation makes system each link temperature raise, and work shakiness Fixed, then control system autostop.By arranging an automatic limiting measuring device 104 below spout, The size of charging aperture is controlled by automatic limiting measuring device 104 opening and closing movement, when knee-piece charging is fast, Charging aperture diminishes;When knee-piece charging is slow, charging aperture becomes big, and knee-piece so enters the speed of system Degree and capacity control effectively, and efficiently solve system problem of temperature rise.
In the technical program, departing from Qu Fencong feeding airduct 202 is to pass through cyclone dust extractor 301 complete, and the function of cyclone dust extractor 301 is to be separated with air, after separation by song powder Bent powder enters specifies with song point 401.Air after separation enters dust and gas airduct 206, dust and gas wind Pipe 206 is connected with the entrance of sack cleaner 302, and be included in dust and gas airduct 206 is a small amount of After bent powder is filtered by sack cleaner 302, it is deposited on the bottom of sack cleaner 302, logical Cross discharge aeration valve 201 and enter feeding airduct 202, start secondary cycle.Sack cleaner 302 Outlet be connected with clean gas airduct 207, through sack cleaner 302 filter after air plankton relatively Few, cleannes are high, meet country's emptying standard, enter air by clean gas airduct 207. Owing to being provided with dust shield at feed opening and each bent powder buffering chamber outlet, feed opening here and Each bent powder buffering chamber outlet is also the air inlet of system, can be inhaled by bent powder a small amount of in ambient air Entering dust suction airduct 205, dust suction airduct 205 is in parallel with dust and gas airduct 206, by sack cleaner 302 dedustings.Bent powder is delivered to each bent point 401 by negative pressure from disintegrating mechanism, abandons tradition Mechanical mode of movement, this technical scheme structure is dexterous, easy to maintenance, i.e. economical, environmental protection again.
The present embodiment is two-stage breaking patterns, and the first order is broken for an initial breaking machine and (is Fig. 2 In claw disintegrating machine 101), the second level is that (hammer leaf being in Fig. 2 is thin for a thin broken machine Broken machine 103).This embodiment is with the difference of embodiment one: the second level is only with a hammer Sheet fine crusher 103 is directly connected with claw disintegrating machine 101 and is formed disintegrating mechanism, with song point 401 Be 2 and more than.Knee-piece delivers into hammer leaf fine crusher after claw disintegrating machine 101 is broken again 103 crush.Discharging opening at described claw disintegrating machine 101 is provided with powder iron remover 102, and The discharging opening of powder iron remover 102 and a hammer leaf fine crusher 103 are connected;In this technical scheme In, it is in charge of connection owing to arranging air-introduced machine 204 with corresponding, disintegrating mechanism, wind-force can be made The internal air pressure that induction system and bent powder are collected is below environmental air pressure.This is set For crushing knee-piece and the bent powder of conveying under full negative pressure state.When mounted, described claw crushes The discharging opening vertical elevation of machine 101 and hammer leaf fine crusher 103 is less than the charging of bent powder collecting device Mouthful, bent powder collecting device here includes cyclone dust extractor 301 and sack cleaner 302.
Embodiment three: as it is shown on figure 3, a kind of powder song equipment of the present invention, including wind-force Induction system and the disintegrating mechanism being connected with wind model system, bent powder buffering chamber 402 and cloth bag Cleaner unit 302, described wind model system includes air-introduced machine 204, feeding airduct 202, inhales Dirt airduct 205, dust and gas airduct 206 and clean gas airduct 207, wherein feeding airduct 202 one end Being connected with disintegrating mechanism, described disintegrating mechanism is thin with two hammer leaves by a claw disintegrating machine 101 Broken machine 103 is connected, and described feeding airduct 202 other end is respectively by three three-way switch valves 203 connect with three bent powder buffering chambers 402, the upper end of described each bent powder buffering chamber 402 with Dust and gas airduct 206 is connected, and is provided with cyclone dust extractor in each bent powder buffering chamber 402 lower end 301, bent powder enters corresponding bent point by bent powder buffering chamber 402 through cyclone dust extractor 301 401.Described dust suction airduct 205 be connected formation after dust and gas airduct 206 parallel connection with disintegrating mechanism Guan Bi pipeline, the entrance of described sack cleaner 302 with from each bent powder buffering chamber 402 Dust and gas airduct 206 connects, and outlet is connected with clean gas airduct 207, described clean gas airduct 207 warp Air-introduced machine 204 and atmosphere, described three-way switch valve 203 is also associated with comprehensive controller. A discharge aeration valve 201, discharge aeration valve 201 it is provided with on described feeding airduct 202 Below a hammer leaf fine crusher 103 nearest with feeding airduct 202.Described claw disintegrating machine Automatic limiting measuring device 104 it is provided with below the charging aperture of 101.
In the present embodiment, air-introduced machine 204 carries power source as powder, by air-introduced machine 204 Produce pipe negative pressure, made by discharge aeration valve 201 Qu Fencong of entrance feeding airduct 202 high Nip runs to low-pressure area, can enter bent powder buffering chamber and mother's song measuring chute simultaneously, specifically transport Line direction is controlled by three three-way switch valves 203, three three-way switch valves 203 and Comprehensive Control Instrument connects, and three-way switch valve 203 is assigned open and close by System Programming and instructed by comprehensive controller, So that bent powder is run by the direction specified, enter specify two with song point 401.Comprehensive control Instrument processed is the control centre of powder bowed pastern system, and it can control the startup of all devices motor and stop Only, startup and the stopping order of each equipment and is managed by programming.On operation interface, The operation of bent powder shows with lines flowing the most intuitively, and the operating of each motor turns with fan Dynamic pattern manifests, and voltage, current value show with data mode in good time, so by operation circle Face just can be with the operation conditions of each equipment of real-time monitoring system.If equipment breaks down, electric current, Magnitude of voltage exceeds normal set point, then the fan indicating this equipment shuts down, and with red light Flashing mode is reported to the police, and system is automatically stopped operation, and maintainer can eliminate fault in time.
In the technical program, bent powder runs the wind-force provided by air-introduced machine 204 in pipeline and drives Dynamic, feed opening rate of feeding, disintegrating mechanism particle speed, pipeline song powder flowing velocity and air inducing Machine 204 power matches, if overload operation makes system each link temperature raise, and work shakiness Fixed, then control system autostop.By arranging an automatic limiting measuring device 104 below spout, The size of charging aperture is controlled by automatic limiting measuring device 104 opening and closing movement, when knee-piece charging is fast, Charging aperture diminishes;When knee-piece charging is slow, charging aperture becomes big, and knee-piece so enters the speed of system Degree and capacity control effectively, and efficiently solve system problem of temperature rise.
In the technical program, departing from Qu Fencong feeding airduct 202 is to pass through cyclone dust extractor 301 complete, and the function of cyclone dust extractor 301 is to be separated with air, after separation by song powder Bent powder enters specifies with song point 401.Air after separation enters dust and gas airduct 206, dust and gas wind Pipe 206 is connected with the entrance of sack cleaner 302, and be included in dust and gas airduct 206 is a small amount of After bent powder is filtered by sack cleaner 302, it is deposited on the bottom of sack cleaner 302, logical Cross discharge aeration valve 201 and enter feeding airduct 202, start secondary cycle.Sack cleaner 302 Outlet be connected with clean gas airduct 207, through sack cleaner 302 filter after air plankton relatively Few, cleannes are high, meet country's emptying standard, enter air by clean gas airduct 207. Owing to being provided with dust shield at feed opening and each bent powder buffering chamber outlet, feed opening here and Each bent powder buffering chamber outlet is also the air inlet of system, can be inhaled by bent powder a small amount of in ambient air Entering dust suction airduct 205, dust suction airduct 205 is in parallel with dust and gas airduct 206, by sack cleaner 302 dedustings.Bent powder is delivered to each bent point 401 by negative pressure from disintegrating mechanism, abandons tradition Mechanical mode of movement, this technical scheme structure is dexterous, easy to maintenance, i.e. economical, environmental protection again.
The present embodiment is three grades of breaking patterns, and the first order is broken for an initial breaking machine and (is Fig. 3 In claw disintegrating machine 101), the second level is that a middle rank breaks the machine (hammer leaf being in Fig. 3 Intermediate crusher 105), the third level is a thin broken machine (the hammer leaf fine crusher 103 being in Fig. 3). This embodiment is with the difference of embodiment one and embodiment two: use a claw disintegrating machine 101, a hammer leaf intermediate crusher 105 and hammer leaf fine crusher 103 series connection form disintegrating mechanism, With song point 401 be 3 and more than.Knee-piece is delivered to after claw disintegrating machine 101 is broken successively Hammer leaf intermediate crusher 105 and hammer leaf fine crusher 103 crush.In going out of described claw disintegrating machine 101 Material mouth is provided with powder iron remover 102, and the discharging opening of powder iron remover 102 and hammer leaf intermediate crusher 105 connect, and the discharging opening of hammer leaf intermediate crusher 105 is connected with hammer leaf fine crusher 103, and hammer leaf is thin Broken machine 103 is connected with feeding airduct 202 by discharge aeration valve 201;In this technical scheme, It is in charge of connection owing to arranging air-introduced machine 204 with corresponding, disintegrating mechanism, wind model can be made The internal air pressure that system and bent powder are collected is below environmental air pressure.Make this equipment energy Broken knee-piece and the bent powder of conveying under full negative pressure state.When mounted, described claw disintegrating machine 101 and the discharging opening vertical elevation of hammer leaf fine crusher 103 less than the charging of bent powder collecting device Mouthful, bent powder collecting device here includes cyclone dust extractor 301 and sack cleaner 302.
In the above-described embodiments, claw disintegrating machine 101 uses Dual-motors Driving, and use special The pawl dish of structure tears shearing knee-piece, to reach preferably to crush purpose.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, the invention provides a kind of above-mentioned powder song equipment system The method of standby bent powder, its method mainly carries out the broken and bent powder of knee-piece under complete negative pressure state Conveying, negative pressure carrys out reality by air-introduced machine 204 and the wind model system that connect with air-introduced machine 204 Existing, its concrete grammar step is as follows:
A, knee-piece are broken: first put into by knee-piece in claw disintegrating machine 101 and carry out the first order and crush, Bulk knee-piece is broken into graininess song powder again through the second level, and wherein the second level is broken for one Hammer leaf fine crusher 103 is connected with a claw disintegrating machine 101, two hammer leaf fine crushers 103 also Connect with a claw disintegrating machine 101 after connection or in a hammer leaf fine crusher 103 and a hammer leaf With a claw disintegrating machine 101 after the series connection of broken machine 105;
B, bent powder wind model: the block knee-piece as described in step a is broken broken through the second level Being broken into graininess Qu Fenhou, bent powder enters the feeding airduct sealed by discharge aeration valve 201 202, and operate three-way switch valve 203 and control bent powder and flow to, under the guiding of wind-force, make bent powder Enter cyclone dust extractor 301 along feeding airduct 202 and sack cleaner 302 is collected;
C, bent powder are collected: the bent powder as described in step b enters whirlwind under the guiding of wind-force and removes After dirt device 301 and sack cleaner 302, first by cyclone dust extractor 301, Qu Fenyu gas is divided From, bent powder is directly entered storage device, and dusty gas enters back into sack cleaner 302 and collects surplus Remaining dust, and enter bent powder wind model pipeline multi-cycle separation collection, and clean gas is through clean gas wind Air discharged by pipe 207;
D, environmental dust removal: bent powder wind model system pipeline expands to each airborne dust point, passes through Dust shield, captures dust, and Collection utilization.
In above-mentioned steps, described three-way switch valve 203 is controlled by comprehensive controller, combines Close controller and three-way switch valve 203 is assigned open and close instruction, so that bent powder is by the side specified To operation, enter the song of using specified and put 401.
Full negative pressure described in said method refers to when whole equipment works, disintegrating mechanism, wind-force Conveyer device, bent powder collecting device internal air pressure more lower slightly than environmental air pressure, make powder Dirt cannot leak.

Claims (6)

1. a powder song equipment, including wind model system and is connected with wind model system Disintegrating mechanism, bent powder buffering chamber (402) and sack cleaner (302), it is characterised in that: Described wind model system includes air-introduced machine (204), feeding airduct (202), dust suction airduct (205), dust and gas airduct (206) and clean gas airduct (207), wherein feeding airduct (202) One end is connected with disintegrating mechanism, and the other end is by three-way switch valve (203) and bent powder buffering chamber (402) connection, the upper end of described bent powder buffering chamber (402) and dust and gas airduct (206) phase Even, described dust suction airduct (205) is in parallel with dust and gas airduct (206), described sack cleaner (302) entrance is connected with dust and gas airduct (206), and outlet is with clean gas airduct (207) even Connecing, described clean gas airduct (207) is cut through air-introduced machine (204) and atmosphere, described threeway Change and be also associated with comprehensive controller on valve (203);It is provided with on described feeding airduct (202) Discharge aeration valve (201);Described bent powder buffering chamber (402) lower end is provided with cyclone dust extractor (301);Described disintegrating mechanism includes first order disintegrating mechanism and second level disintegrating mechanism, wherein First order disintegrating mechanism is a claw disintegrating machine (101), and second level disintegrating mechanism is and claw A hammer leaf fine crusher (103) that disintegrating machine (101) is connected and claw disintegrating machine (101) Series connection two hammer leaf fine crushers (103) in parallel or be and claw disintegrating machine (101) The hammer leaf intermediate crusher (105) being sequentially connected in series and a hammer leaf fine crusher (103);Described Automatic limiting measuring device (104) it is provided with below the charging aperture of claw disintegrating machine (101).
A kind of powder song equipment the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described pawl The broken value of formula disintegrating machine (101) is primary breakup, the broken value of hammer leaf fine crusher (103) Crushing for final stage, knee-piece inputs hammer leaf fine crusher (103) after claw disintegrating machine (101) is broken again Broken.
A kind of powder song equipment the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described pawl The discharging opening of formula disintegrating machine (101) is provided with powder iron remover (102), and powder iron remover (102) Discharging opening connect with hammer leaf fine crusher (103).
A kind of powder song equipment the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described powder The discharging opening vertical elevation of broken mechanism is less than the charging aperture absolute altitude of sack cleaner (302).
5. the powder song equipment preparation song that a kind uses as described in Claims 1-4 any one The method of powder, it is characterised in that: the method is utilized under full negative pressure state broken knee-piece and defeated Sending bent powder, negative pressure passes through air-introduced machine (204) and the wind model connected with air-introduced machine (204) System realizes, and its concrete grammar step is as follows:
A, knee-piece are broken: first put into by knee-piece in claw disintegrating machine (101) and carry out the first order and break Broken, then bulk knee-piece is broken into through the second level graininess song powder, wherein the second level is broken Broken for the first order hammer leaf fine crusher (103) that in broken, claw disintegrating machine (101) is connected, Two hammer leaf fine crushers in parallel that in broken with the first order, claw disintegrating machine (101) is connected (103) or for a hammer leaf intermediate crusher (105) being sequentially connected in series with claw disintegrating machine (101) With a hammer leaf fine crusher (103);
B, bent powder wind model: the block knee-piece as described in step a is broken broken through the second level Being broken into graininess Qu Fenhou, bent powder enters the feeding wind sealed by discharge aeration valve (201) Pipe (202), and operate three-way switch valve (203) the control bent powder flow direction, in the guiding of wind-force Under make bent powder enter cyclone dust extractor (301) and sack cleaner along feeding airduct (202) (302) it is collected;
C, bent powder are collected: the bent powder as described in step b enters whirlwind under the guiding of wind-force and removes When dirt device (301) and sack cleaner (302), first by cyclone dust extractor (301) by song Powder separates with gas, and bent powder is directly entered storage device, and dusty gas enters back into sack cleaner (302) collect remaining dust, and enter bent powder wind model pipeline multi-cycle separation collection, And gas discharges air through clean gas airduct (207) only;
D, environmental dust removal: bent powder wind model pipeline expands to each airborne dust point, passes through dust suction Cover, captures dust, and Collection utilization.
A kind of method preparing bent powder the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: Described three-way switch valve (203) is controlled by comprehensive controller, and comprehensive controller is to three Direction changeover valve (203) assigns open and close instruction, so that bent powder is run by the direction specified, What entrance was specified uses bent point (401).
CN201410123599.8A 2014-03-28 2014-03-28 A kind of powder song equipment and the method for the bent powder of preparation thereof CN103894278B (en)

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