CN103891575B - A kind of sled of vine hard branch cuttage falls root promoting method - Google Patents

A kind of sled of vine hard branch cuttage falls root promoting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103891575B
CN103891575B CN201410119707.4A CN201410119707A CN103891575B CN 103891575 B CN103891575 B CN 103891575B CN 201410119707 A CN201410119707 A CN 201410119707A CN 103891575 B CN103891575 B CN 103891575B
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China
Prior art keywords
cuttings
root
base
sled
fine sand
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410119707.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103891575A (en
Inventor
艾军
杨义明
范书田
王振兴
刘迎雪
赵滢
许培磊
秦红艳
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Institute Special Animal and Plant Sciences CAAS
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Institute Special Animal and Plant Sciences CAAS
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Abstract

The sled that the invention provides a kind of vine hard branch cuttage falls root promoting method, and after the base portion of cuttings is carried out root induction process, cuttings base portion and taper are inverted, taper keeps low temperature to suppress eye to be sprouted with sled; Base portion is utilized natural daylight to heat up by the multiple daylightings such as mulch film, Small plastic shed, booth and Insulation and is incubated, promotes root of hair.The cold resource of occurring in nature is stored in ice by the present invention, make natural hot and cold resource be utilized when grape cuttage simultaneously, coordinate the relation that cuttings eye is sprouted and taken root, reach the effect suppressing eye sprouting and hestening rooting, energy-saving and environmental protecting, improve cottage propagation efficiency, and save labour.

Description

A kind of sled of vine hard branch cuttage falls root promoting method
Technical field
The invention belongs to crop genetics propagation technique field, the sled particularly relating to a kind of vine hard branch cuttage falls root promoting method.
Background technology
Grape is the main fruit trees seeds of China, its fruit can be eaten raw, make wine, juice processed and system dry etc., the dark welcome by consumer.The own-rooted tree of grape and the breeding of stock mainly adopt cuttage, on the hotbed that cuttings cuttage is mainly heated in electricity heating or fuel by conventional cuttage breeding, the method needs to consume a large amount of energy, and the sprouting of more difficult control eye, often occurs that eye crosses the problem that premature eruption and root growth competition for nutrients are lowered into motility rate.For improving cottage propagation efficiency, saving the energy, also having report to adopt root promoting method to impel cuttage rooting, but still there is the problem that eye crosses premature eruption.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of sled of vine hard branch cuttage to fall root promoting method, be intended to solve that existing root promoting method consumes mass energy, eye sprout control difficulty, problem that eye crosses premature eruption.
The present invention is achieved in that a kind of sled of vine hard branch cuttage falls root promoting method, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) in booth sled being arranged on non-buckle film or greenhouse, lower than ground 50 ~ 70cm bottom sled, surrounding lining, with leakproof plastic foil, sets up colored hole at bottom brick, high 20 ~ 40cm, and the thick isolation cement plate of 3 ~ 5cm is laid on top, in flower hole, lay ice cube;
(2) length 13 ~ 15cm, 23 ~ 26 cuttings colligations are become 1 bundle, root induction process is carried out to cuttings base portion, at the fine sand of isolation cement plate upper berth 4 ~ 6cm thickness, the cuttings base portion handled well is put in bed upward, fills up fine sand between cuttings, after putting, at the fine sand of cuttings top cladding thickness 4 ~ 6cm thickness, and then cover with overlay, plastic foil peripheral hardware Small plastic shed, by booth or greenhouse button canopy film;
(3) keep fine sand moistening, base temperature 23 ~ 28 DEG C, bud portion temperature about 10 DEG C, nutritive cube within 3 ~ 4 weeks, can be gone up when base portion grows a large amount of callus or young root and cultivate.
Preferably, in step (1), describedly lay ice cube and be specially in flower hole: at cold district, by water congeals into ice by filling in flower hole in the winter time, or block is frozen in employing outdoor, then is moved on to by ice cube in colored hole; In warm area, adopt freezer producing ice cakes, then ice cube is moved on in colored hole.
Preferably, in step (2), describedly root induction process is carried out to cuttings base portion be specially: soak cuttings base portion 24 hours with 100mg/LABT1 root-inducing powder or 150mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate.
Preferably, in step (2) and step (3), the water content of described fine sand is 4 ~ 6%.
The present invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of sled of vine hard branch cuttage to fall root promoting method, after the base portion of cuttings is carried out root induction process, cuttings base portion and taper is inverted, and taper keeps low temperature to suppress eye to be sprouted with sled; Base portion is utilized natural daylight to heat up by the multiple daylightings such as mulch film, Small plastic shed, booth and Insulation and is incubated, promotes root of hair.The cold resource of occurring in nature is stored in ice by the present invention, make natural hot and cold resource be utilized when grape cuttage simultaneously, coordinate the relation that cuttings eye is sprouted and taken root, reach the effect suppressing eye sprouting and hestening rooting, energy-saving and environmental protecting, improve cottage propagation efficiency, and save labour.
Embodiment
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
1, sled prepares
Can arrange in the booth of non-buckle film or greenhouse at cold district sled, in box, neglect production scale greatly and determine, bottom is lower than ground 50 ~ 70cm, surrounding lining is with leakproof plastic foil, set up colored hole at bottom brick, high 20 ~ 40cm, the thick isolation cement plate of 3 ~ 5cm is laid on top, winter, water congeals into ice by filling in flower hole, before formally urging root, on cement plate, add a cover cold-proof quilt or straw etc., prevent ice sheet from dissolving, for urging root to use.
2, cutting prepares
Cuttings requires that pure, branch is fully ripe, eye is full, frontly bundledly can be housed in storage canal (cellar for storing things) in freeze-up.In Jilin Area generally in 4 months, cuttage in the last ten-days period, cutting length 13 ~ 15cm, top clip is apart from eye about 1.5cm, and bottom is cut into the horse ear shape of inclination, and except the eye of top, other eyes all remove.About 25 colligations become 1 bundle, during binding will slightly pine (to calli induction or take root reserve certain space), bottom Dun is neat, adopts 150mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate immersion base portion 24 hours.
3, root is urged
At the fine sand of cement baffle upper berth 5cm left and right thickness, put upward in bed by the cuttings base portion handled well, fill up fine sand between cuttings, after putting, at the fine sand of cuttings top cladding thickness about 5cm, fine sand humidity is grabbed agglomerating with hand, namely loose being advisable of loosing one's grip.And then cover with overlay, plastic foil peripheral hardware Small plastic shed, by booth button upper greenhouse.
4, manage after cuttage
Keep fine sand moistening after cuttage, base temperature 23 ~ 25 DEG C, bud portion temperature about 13 DEG C, the upper nutritive cube cultivation when base portion grows a large amount of callus or young root in about 25 days.
Embodiment 2
1, sled prepares
Also can arrange in the booth of buckle film or greenhouse at cold district sled, in box, neglect production scale greatly and determine, bottom is lower than ground 50 ~ 70cm, and surrounding lining, with leakproof plastic foil, sets up colored hole at bottom brick, high 20 ~ 40cm, the thick isolation cement plate of 3 ~ 5cm is laid on top.Winter freezes block in outdoor by flower hole space size, and with coverings such as cold-proof quilt or straws, prevents ice cube from dissolving, urge and be placed in colored hole by ice cube during root, for urging root to use.
2, cutting prepares
Cuttings requires that pure, branch is fully ripe, eye is full, frontly bundledly can be housed in storage canal (cellar for storing things) in freeze-up.In Jilin Area generally in 4 months, cuttage in the last ten-days period, cutting length 13 ~ 15cm, top clip is apart from eye about 1.5cm, and bottom is cut into the horse ear shape of inclination, and except the eye of top, other eyes all remove.About 25 colligations become 1 bundle, during binding will slightly pine (to calli induction or take root reserve certain space), bottom Dun is neat, adopts 100mg/LABT1 root-inducing powder immersion base portion 24 hours.
3, root is urged
At the fine sand of cement baffle upper berth 5cm left and right thickness, the cuttings base portion handled well is put in bed upward, between cuttings, fills up fine sand, after putting, at the fine sand of cuttings top cladding thickness about 5cm, the water content of fine sand is 4 ~ 6%, grab agglomerating with hand, namely loose being advisable of loosing one's grip.And then cover with overlay, plastic foil peripheral hardware Small plastic shed, by greenhouse button upper greenhouse.
4, manage after cuttage
Keep fine sand moistening after cuttage, base temperature 25 ~ 28 DEG C, bud portion temperature about 13 DEG C, nutritive cube within 21 days, can be gone up when base portion grows a large amount of callus or young root and cultivate.
Embodiment 3
1, sled prepares
Can arrange in the booth of non-buckle film or greenhouse at cold district sled, in box, neglect production scale greatly and determine, bottom is lower than ground 50 ~ 70cm, surrounding lining is with leakproof plastic foil, set up colored hole at bottom brick, high 20 ~ 40cm, the thick isolation cement plate of 3 ~ 5cm is laid on top, winter, water congeals into ice by filling in flower hole, before formally urging root, on cement plate, add a cover cold-proof quilt or straw etc., prevent ice sheet from dissolving, for urging root to use.
2, cutting prepares
Cuttings requires that pure, branch is fully ripe, eye is full, frontly bundledly can be housed in storage canal (cellar for storing things) in freeze-up.In Jilin Area generally in 4 months, cuttage in the last ten-days period, cutting length 13 ~ 15cm, top clip is apart from eye about 1.5cm, and bottom is cut into the horse ear shape of inclination, and except the eye of top, other eyes all remove.About 25 colligations become 1 bundle, during binding will slightly pine (to calli induction or take root reserve certain space), bottom Dun is neat, adopts 150mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate immersion base portion 24 hours.
3, root is urged
At the fine sand of cement baffle upper berth 5cm left and right thickness, put upward in bed by the cuttings base portion handled well, fill up fine sand between cuttings, after putting, at the fine sand of cuttings top cladding thickness about 5cm, fine sand humidity is grabbed agglomerating with hand, namely loose being advisable of loosing one's grip.And then cover with overlay, plastic foil peripheral hardware Small plastic shed.
4, manage after cuttage
Keep fine sand moistening after cuttage, base temperature 23 ~ 25 DEG C, bud portion temperature about 11 DEG C, nutritive cube within about 25 days, can be gone up when base portion grows a large amount of callus or young root and cultivate.
Compare the shortcoming and defect with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect: the cold resource of occurring in nature is stored in ice by the present invention, make natural hot and cold resource be utilized when grape cuttage simultaneously, coordinate the relation that cuttings eye is sprouted and taken root, reach the effect suppressing eye sprouting and hestening rooting, energy-saving and environmental protecting, improve cottage propagation efficiency, and save labour.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. the sled of vine hard branch cuttage falls a root promoting method, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, in booth sled being arranged on non-buckle film or greenhouse, lower than ground 50 ~ 70cm bottom sled, surrounding lining, with leakproof plastic foil, sets up colored hole at bottom brick, high 20 ~ 40cm, the thick isolation cement plate of 3 ~ 5cm is laid on top, in flower hole, lay ice cube; At cold district, by water congeals into ice by filling in flower hole in the winter time, or adopt outdoor to freeze block, then ice cube is moved on in colored hole; In warm area, adopt freezer producing ice cakes, then ice cube is moved on in colored hole;
Length 13 ~ 15cm, 23 ~ 26 cuttings colligations are become 1 bundle, carry out root induction process to cuttings base portion by step 2, soak cuttings base portion 24 hours with 100mg/LABT1 root-inducing powder or 150mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate; At the fine sand of isolation cement plate upper berth 4 ~ 6cm thickness, the cuttings base portion handled well is put in bed upward, fine sand is filled up between cuttings, after putting, at the fine sand of cuttings top cladding thickness 4 ~ 6cm thickness, and then cover with overlay, plastic foil peripheral hardware Small plastic shed, by booth or greenhouse button canopy film;
Step 3, keeps fine sand moistening, base temperature 23 ~ 28 DEG C, bud portion temperature 10 DEG C, within 3 ~ 4 weeks, can go up nutritive cube when base portion grows a large amount of callus or young root and cultivate;
In step 2 and step 3, the water content of described fine sand is 4 ~ 6%.
CN201410119707.4A 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 A kind of sled of vine hard branch cuttage falls root promoting method Expired - Fee Related CN103891575B (en)

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CN104082029B (en) * 2014-07-25 2016-01-20 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of bush cuttage propagation method
CN106258778A (en) * 2015-05-11 2017-01-04 蒋寿春 A kind of grape branch grafting bed root promoting method
CN106613467A (en) * 2015-11-03 2017-05-10 葡先生(天津)科技有限公司 Method for low-temperature grape seedling raising
CN105850654A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-17 无锡市田韵蔬果专业合作社 Planting method for Manicure Finger grapes
CN106358832A (en) * 2016-09-04 2017-02-01 吴玲 Cutting seedling raising method of dendrobium

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CN1120884A (en) * 1994-10-18 1996-04-24 王林 Rooting-speeding technology for mulberry cuttage
CN103053377B (en) * 2013-01-27 2013-12-04 管天球 Vitis davidii foex culturing method
CN103168608B (en) * 2013-04-18 2014-07-30 曾小虎 Grape cuttage root-forcing growing method
CN103583213A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-02-19 王华田 Method for root promotion of cutting propagation of trees

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