CN103891575A - Ice bed inverted root hastening method for hard wood cutting of grapes - Google Patents

Ice bed inverted root hastening method for hard wood cutting of grapes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103891575A
CN103891575A CN201410119707.4A CN201410119707A CN103891575A CN 103891575 A CN103891575 A CN 103891575A CN 201410119707 A CN201410119707 A CN 201410119707A CN 103891575 A CN103891575 A CN 103891575A
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China
Prior art keywords
root
base
cuttings
sled
fine sand
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CN201410119707.4A
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CN103891575B (en
Inventor
艾军
杨义明
范书田
王振兴
刘迎雪
赵滢
许培磊
秦红艳
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Institute Special Animal and Plant Sciences CAAS
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Institute Special Animal and Plant Sciences CAAS
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Abstract

The invention provides an ice bed inverted root hastening method for hard wood cutting of grapes. The method includes: subjecting a base portion of a cuttingwood to rooting induction to enable the base portion and a tip portion of the cuttingwood to be inverted, and using an ice bed to keep the tip portion at a low temperature to restrain bud eyes from sprouting; subjecting the base portion to warming and warm keeping for root hastening under natural light by multiple lighting and warm keeping measures of mulching films, low tunnels, greenhouses and the like. Cold resources in the natural world are stored in ice, and cold and hot resources in the natural world are used in cutting of the grapes, relation between cuttingwood bud eye sprouting and rooting is harmonized, effects of restraining of bud eye sprouting and promoting of rooting are achieved, energy saving and environment friendliness are realized, cutting propagation efficiency is improved, and labor power is saved.

Description

A kind of sled of vine hard branch cuttage falls root promoting method
Technical field
The invention belongs to crop genetics propagation technique field, the sled that relates in particular to a kind of vine hard branch cuttage falls root promoting method.
Background technology
Grape is the main fruit trees seeds of China, its fruit can be eaten raw, makes wine, juice processed and system dry etc., be deeply subject to consumer's welcome.The own-rooted tree of grape and the breeding of stock mainly adopt cuttage, conventional cuttage breeding is mainly on the hotbed that cuttings cuttage is heated in electricity heating or fuel, the method need to consume a large amount of energy, and the sprouting of more difficult control eye, often occurs that eye crosses premature eruption and root growth competition for nutrients and be lowered into the problem of motility rate.For improving cottage propagation efficiency, save the energy, also there is report to adopt root promoting method to impel cuttage rooting, but still exist eye to cross the problem of premature eruption.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of sled of vine hard branch cuttage to fall root promoting method, be intended to solve existing root promoting method consume mass energy, eye sprout control difficulty, eye is crossed the problem of premature eruption.
The present invention is achieved in that a kind of sled of vine hard branch cuttage falls root promoting method, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) sled is arranged in the booth or greenhouse of buckle film not, sled bottom is lower than ground 50~70cm, and surrounding serve as a contrast with leakproof plastic foil, sets up colored hole in bottom with brick, high 20~40cm, and the thick isolation cement plate of 3~5cm is laid on top, in colored hole, lays ice cube;
(2) length 13~15cm, 23~26 cuttings colligations are become to 1 bundle, cuttings base portion is carried out to root induction processing, at the fine sand of isolation cement plate upper berth 4~6cm thickness, the cuttings base portion of handling well is put in bed upward, between cuttings, filled up fine sand, after putting, at the fine sand of cuttings top cladding thickness 4~6cm thickness, and then with overlay cover, the little shed of plastic foil peripheral hardware, by booth or greenhouse button canopy film;
(3) keep fine sand moistening, 23~28 DEG C of base temperature, 10 DEG C of left and right of bud portion temperature can be gone up nutritive cube for 3~4 weeks and be cultivated in the time that base portion grows a large amount of callus or young root.
Preferably, in step (1), describedly lay ice cube at flower in hole and be specially: at cold district, by water congeals into ice by filling in flower hole in the winter time, or adopt the outdoor piece that freezes, then ice cube is moved on in colored hole; In warm area, adopt freezer producing ice cakes, then ice cube is moved on in colored hole.
Preferably, in step (2), describedly cuttings base portion is carried out to root induction processing be specially: soak cuttings base portion 24 hours with 100mg/LABT1 root-inducing powder or 150mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate.
Preferably, in step (2) and step (3), the water content of described fine sand is 4~6%.
The present invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of sled of vine hard branch cuttage to fall root promoting method, by the base portion of cuttings is carried out after root induction processing, cuttings base portion and taper is inverted, and taper keeps low temperature to suppress eye with sled sprouting; Base portion is utilized natural daylight to heat up and is incubated by the multiple daylightings such as mulch film, little shed, booth and Insulation, promote root of hair.The present invention is stored in the cold resource of occurring in nature in ice, in the time of grape cuttage, make natural hot and cold resource be utilized simultaneously, coordinate the relation that cuttings eye is sprouted and taken root, reach the effect that suppresses eye sprouting and hestening rooting, energy-saving and environmental protecting, improve cottage propagation efficiency, and save labour.
Embodiment
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
1, sled is prepared
Can in the booth of buckle film not or greenhouse, arrange at cold district sled, be box, neglect production scale greatly and determine, bottom is lower than ground 50~70cm, surrounding serves as a contrast with leakproof plastic foil, set up colored hole in bottom with brick, high 20~40cm, the thick isolation cement plate of 3~5cm is laid on top, winter, water congeals into ice by filling in flower hole, before formally urging root, on cement plate, add a cover cold-proof quilt or straw etc., prevent that ice sheet from dissolving, the standby root of urging uses.
2, cutting is prepared
Cuttings requirement is pure, branch is fully ripe, eye is full, can be in freeze-up front bundled being housed in storage canal (cellar for storing things).In Jilin Area generally in 4 months, cuttage in the last ten-days period, cutting length 13~15cm, top clip is apart from about eye 1.5cm, bottom is cut into the horse ear shape of inclination, except the eye of top, other eyes all remove.25 left and right colligations become 1 bundle, and slightly loose when binding (give the formation of callus or take root and reserve certain space), bottom Dun is neat, adopts 150mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate to soak base portion 24 hours.
3, urge root
At the fine sand of cement baffle upper berth 5cm left and right thickness, the cuttings base portion of handling well is put in bed upward, between cuttings, fill up fine sand, after putting, at the fine sand of cuttings top cladding thickness 5cm left and right, fine sand humidity is grabbed agglomerating with hand, i.e. loose being advisable of loosing one's grip.And then with overlay cover, the little shed of plastic foil peripheral hardware, by booth button upper greenhouse.
4, after cuttage, manage
After cuttage, keep fine sand moistening, 23~25 DEG C of base temperature, 13 DEG C of left and right of bud portion temperature, about 25 days, in the time that base portion grows a large amount of callus or young root, upper nutritive cube is cultivated.
Embodiment 2
1, sled is prepared
Also can in the booth of buckle film or greenhouse, arrange at cold district sled, be box, neglect production scale greatly and determine, bottom is lower than ground 50~70cm, and surrounding serves as a contrast with leakproof plastic foil, sets up colored hole in bottom with brick, high 20~40cm, the thick isolation cement plate of 3~5cm is laid on top.Freeze piece outdoor by flower hole space size winter, and with coverings such as cold-proof quilt or straws, prevent that ice cube from dissolving, and while urging root, ice cube is placed in colored hole, and the standby root of urging uses.
2, cutting is prepared
Cuttings requirement is pure, branch is fully ripe, eye is full, can be in freeze-up front bundled being housed in storage canal (cellar for storing things).In Jilin Area generally in 4 months, cuttage in the last ten-days period, cutting length 13~15cm, top clip is apart from about eye 1.5cm, bottom is cut into the horse ear shape of inclination, except the eye of top, other eyes all remove.25 left and right colligations become 1 bundle, and slightly loose when binding (give the formation of callus or take root and reserve certain space), bottom Dun is neat, adopts 100mg/LABT1 root-inducing powder to soak base portion 24 hours.
3, urge root
At the fine sand of cement baffle upper berth 5cm left and right thickness, the cuttings base portion of handling well is put in bed upward, between cuttings, fill up fine sand, after putting, at the fine sand of cuttings top cladding thickness 5cm left and right, the water content of fine sand is 4~6%, grab with hand agglomerating, loose being advisable of loosing one's grip.And then with overlay cover, the little shed of plastic foil peripheral hardware, by greenhouse button upper greenhouse.
4, after cuttage, manage
After cuttage, keep fine sand moistening, 25~28 DEG C of base temperature, 13 DEG C of left and right of bud portion temperature can be gone up nutritive cube for 21 days and be cultivated in the time that base portion grows a large amount of callus or young root.
Embodiment 3
1, sled is prepared
Can in the booth of buckle film not or greenhouse, arrange at cold district sled, be box, neglect production scale greatly and determine, bottom is lower than ground 50~70cm, surrounding serves as a contrast with leakproof plastic foil, set up colored hole in bottom with brick, high 20~40cm, the thick isolation cement plate of 3~5cm is laid on top, winter, water congeals into ice by filling in flower hole, before formally urging root, on cement plate, add a cover cold-proof quilt or straw etc., prevent that ice sheet from dissolving, the standby root of urging uses.
2, cutting is prepared
Cuttings requirement is pure, branch is fully ripe, eye is full, can be in freeze-up front bundled being housed in storage canal (cellar for storing things).In Jilin Area generally in 4 months, cuttage in the last ten-days period, cutting length 13~15cm, top clip is apart from about eye 1.5cm, bottom is cut into the horse ear shape of inclination, except the eye of top, other eyes all remove.25 left and right colligations become 1 bundle, and slightly loose when binding (give the formation of callus or take root and reserve certain space), bottom Dun is neat, adopts 150mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate to soak base portion 24 hours.
3, urge root
At the fine sand of cement baffle upper berth 5cm left and right thickness, the cuttings base portion of handling well is put in bed upward, between cuttings, fill up fine sand, after putting, at the fine sand of cuttings top cladding thickness 5cm left and right, fine sand humidity is grabbed agglomerating with hand, i.e. loose being advisable of loosing one's grip.And then with overlay cover, the little shed of plastic foil peripheral hardware.
4, after cuttage, manage
After cuttage, keep fine sand moistening, 23~25 DEG C of base temperature, 11 DEG C of left and right of bud portion temperature can be gone up nutritive cube and be cultivated in the time that base portion grows a large amount of callus or young root about 25 days.
Compare the shortcoming and defect with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect: the present invention is stored in the cold resource of occurring in nature in ice, in the time of grape cuttage, make natural hot and cold resource be utilized simultaneously, coordinate the relation that cuttings eye is sprouted and taken root, reach the effect that suppresses eye sprouting and hestening rooting, energy-saving and environmental protecting, improve cottage propagation efficiency, and save labour.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. the sled of vine hard branch cuttage falls a root promoting method, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) sled is arranged in the booth or greenhouse of buckle film not, sled bottom is lower than ground 50~70cm, and surrounding serve as a contrast with leakproof plastic foil, sets up colored hole in bottom with brick, high 20~40cm, and the thick isolation cement plate of 3~5cm is laid on top, in colored hole, lays ice cube;
(2) length 13~15cm, 23~26 cuttings colligations are become to 1 bundle, cuttings base portion is carried out to root induction processing, at the fine sand of isolation cement plate upper berth 4~6cm thickness, the cuttings base portion of handling well is put in bed upward, between cuttings, filled up fine sand, after putting, at the fine sand of cuttings top cladding thickness 4~6cm thickness, and then with overlay cover, the little shed of plastic foil peripheral hardware, by booth or greenhouse button canopy film;
(3) keep fine sand moistening, 23~28 DEG C of base temperature, 10 DEG C of left and right of bud portion temperature can be gone up nutritive cube for 3~4 weeks and be cultivated in the time that base portion grows a large amount of callus or young root.
2. the sled of vine hard branch cuttage as claimed in claim 1 falls root promoting method, it is characterized in that, in step (1), describedly lay ice cube at flower in hole and be specially: at cold district, by by filling in flower hole, water congeals into ice in the winter time, or adopt the outdoor piece that freezes, then ice cube is moved on in colored hole; In warm area, adopt freezer producing ice cakes, then ice cube is moved on in colored hole.
3. the sled of vine hard branch cuttage as claimed in claim 2 falls root promoting method, it is characterized in that, in step (2), describedly cuttings base portion is carried out to root induction processing be specially: soak cuttings base portion 24 hours with 100mg/LABT1 root-inducing powder or 150mg/L methyl α-naphthyl acetate.
4. the sled of vine hard branch cuttage as claimed in claim 3 falls root promoting method, it is characterized in that, in step (2) and step (3), the water content of described fine sand is 4~6%.
CN201410119707.4A 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 A kind of sled of vine hard branch cuttage falls root promoting method Expired - Fee Related CN103891575B (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104082029A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-10-08 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Hard branch cutting propagation method for caesalpinia sappan
CN105706870A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-29 文沁 Borneol cinnamomum camphora seedling raising method
CN105850654A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-17 无锡市田韵蔬果专业合作社 Planting method for Manicure Finger grapes
CN106258778A (en) * 2015-05-11 2017-01-04 蒋寿春 A kind of grape branch grafting bed root promoting method
CN106358832A (en) * 2016-09-04 2017-02-01 吴玲 Cutting seedling raising method of dendrobium
CN106613467A (en) * 2015-11-03 2017-05-10 葡先生(天津)科技有限公司 Method for low-temperature grape seedling raising

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CN103053377A (en) * 2013-01-27 2013-04-24 管天球 Vitis davidii foex culturing method
CN103168608A (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-06-26 曾小虎 Grape cuttage root-forcing growing method
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CN103053377A (en) * 2013-01-27 2013-04-24 管天球 Vitis davidii foex culturing method
CN103168608A (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-06-26 曾小虎 Grape cuttage root-forcing growing method
CN103583213A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-02-19 王华田 Method for root promotion of cutting propagation of trees

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104082029A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-10-08 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Hard branch cutting propagation method for caesalpinia sappan
CN104082029B (en) * 2014-07-25 2016-01-20 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of bush cuttage propagation method
CN106258778A (en) * 2015-05-11 2017-01-04 蒋寿春 A kind of grape branch grafting bed root promoting method
CN106613467A (en) * 2015-11-03 2017-05-10 葡先生(天津)科技有限公司 Method for low-temperature grape seedling raising
CN105706870A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-29 文沁 Borneol cinnamomum camphora seedling raising method
CN105850654A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-17 无锡市田韵蔬果专业合作社 Planting method for Manicure Finger grapes
CN106358832A (en) * 2016-09-04 2017-02-01 吴玲 Cutting seedling raising method of dendrobium

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