CN103879012B - Vertical shaft flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism - Google Patents

Vertical shaft flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103879012B
CN103879012B CN201410105123.1A CN201410105123A CN103879012B CN 103879012 B CN103879012 B CN 103879012B CN 201410105123 A CN201410105123 A CN 201410105123A CN 103879012 B CN103879012 B CN 103879012B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
die
flat
bearing
pressure roller
nib
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410105123.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103879012A (en
Inventor
陈海霞
张海琨
董德军
周凤波
艾鸿滨
李洪德
张佰韧
王宇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Heilongjiang Institute of Pasturage Mechanisation
Original Assignee
Heilongjiang Institute of Pasturage Mechanisation
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Heilongjiang Institute of Pasturage Mechanisation filed Critical Heilongjiang Institute of Pasturage Mechanisation
Priority to CN201410105123.1A priority Critical patent/CN103879012B/en
Publication of CN103879012A publication Critical patent/CN103879012A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103879012B publication Critical patent/CN103879012B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/22Extrusion presses; Dies therefor
    • B30B11/228Extrusion presses; Dies therefor using pressing means, e.g. rollers moving over a perforated die plate

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of vertical shaft flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.Mainly comprise base, transmission system, aggregate bin, bearing, main shaft, flat-die, roller frame, pressure roller, sleeve, spindle vertical is arranged on base and bearing center, flat-die level is arranged on bearing, roller frame cover is vertically arranged on main shaft, be fixed on above bearing, pressure roller level is arranged on roller frame and overlaps on radial axle head, and jacket casing is outside flat-die, aggregate bin is arranged on flat-die lower end, is fixed on bearing.Flat-die has several square through holes in circumference range, centerline hole overlaps with pressure roller tooth centre of gyration line, ensure that material is pressed in nib smoothly, pressure roller is spur gear shape, rotate with axle under the drive of pressing roller holder, simultaneously around axis rotation own, continuously material is pressed in nib, formation regular shape, the stalk block that density is high, productivity ratio and ratio of briquetting are all higher.Structure is simple, compact, and nib not easily blocks, and work continuity is good.

Description

Vertical shaft flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of vertical shaft flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Stalk briquette technology has been used widely in European countries such as Sweden, then starts late in the research of China, mainly contains that screw extruding bri quetting, piston compression are shaping, the compression forming of ring mould at present, does not also have about adopting the shaping technology of the straight roll compaction of vertical shaft flat-die.Compared with other compressed format, flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism has sturdy and durable, the advantage such as adaptability to raw material is strong, ratio of briquetting is high, easily collecting.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention be to provide a kind of simple and reasonable, be easy to the vertical shaft flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism that manufactures, easy to operate, production cost is low, production efficiency is high.
The present invention solves the technical measures that its technical problem takes: integrated model vertical, mainly comprises base, transmission system, aggregate bin, bearing, main shaft, flat-die, roller frame, pressure roller, sleeve, it is characterized in that; Described spindle vertical is arranged on base and bearing center; Described flat-die level is arranged on bearing; Described roller frame is vertically arranged on main shaft, and with main shaft by spline joint, bottom is pressed on bearing by packing ring, and upper end is fixed by gland by round nut; Described pressure roller level is arranged on the radial axle head of roller frame, is fixed by shaft end ring; Described jacket casing is outside flat-die; Described aggregate bin is arranged on flat-die lower end, is fixed on bearing.
Described flat-die has several square through holes in circumference range, is nib, and nib center line overlaps with pressure roller tooth centre of gyration line.Described pressure roller is straight tube shape, is spur gear with nib contact portion, rotates, around axis rotation own while revolution, leave the gap of 0.05 ~ 0.2mm between pressure roller and flat-die, regulated by top round nut under the drive of pressing roller holder with axle.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the straight roll-in block mechanism of vertical shaft flat-die of employing, structure is simple, compact, and flat-die energy positive and negative uses, with low cost, template is relatively thin, and nib not easily blocks, spur type roller structure, material Grasping skill is comparatively strong, and productivity ratio and ratio of briquetting are all higher.During work, flat-die is fixed on transfixion on bearing, enters the material in sleeve under the revolution of pressure roller and rotation drive, constantly entered in nib by spreading, stalk block after compression is extruded from flat-die lower end, directly falls into Material collecting box for harvesting by Action of Gravity Field, and work continuity is good.The block-shaped rule of stalk of compression, density is large, and quality is good.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that flat-die and pressure roller configure top view.
In figure: 1, bearing (ball) cover, 2, taper roll bearing, 3, base, 4, transmission system, 5, main shaft, 6, bolt, 7, bearing, 8, aggregate bin 9, bearing with cross roller convex symmetrical roller bearing, 10, flat-die, 11, nib, 12, sunk screw, 13, packing ring, 14, pressure roller end cap, 15, pressure roller shaft, 16, pressure roller, 17, roller frame cover, 18, gland, 19, round nut, 20, sleeve.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
From accompanying drawing, main shaft 5 vertical is in the centre of base 3 and bearing 7, and fixed by upper end bearing with cross roller convex symmetrical roller bearing 9 and lower end taper roll bearing 2, bottom seals with spacing by bearing (ball) cover 1, and base 3 is connected by bolt 6 with bearing 7.Flat-die 10 is horizontally fixed on bearing 7 by sunk screw 12, and aggregate bin 8 is also connected on bearing 7, exports corresponding 11 times with nib, and multiple nib 11 is on average clouded in flat-die 10 circumference range.Roller frame cover 17 is arranged on main shaft 5 with spline form, and be seated on bearing 7 by packing ring 13, top is fixed by gland 18 by round nut 19.In two horizontal wedge pressure roll stand covers 17 of pressure roller shaft 15, being symmetrically distributed in roller frame overlaps on 17 peripheries, pressure roller 16 is arranged in pressure roller shaft 15 by taper roll bearing, can freely rotate, end is sealed by pressure roller end cap 14, and pressure roller 16 working face is spur gear shape, is beneficial to and captures and spreading material, pressure roller 16 face of gear is corresponding with nib 11, and the gap between pressure roller 16 and flat-die 10 is regulated by upper end round nut.Sleeve 20 encloses in pressure roller 16 outer rim, is arranged on flat-die 10 outer circumference surface.
During work, base 3, bearing 7, flat-die 10 transfixion, power is delivered on main shaft 5 by transmission system 4, main shaft 5 drives roller frame to overlap 17 rotations, thus band dynamic pressure roller 16 rotates, the stalk material that the guillotine cutting entered from sleeve 20 upper end is good, revolve round the sun with under the drive of rotation at pressure roller 16, rolled in nib 11, under the effect of nib 11 inwall frictional force, the material entered in nib 11 increases gradually, pressure strengthens gradually, the material density be compressed in nib 11 strengthens gradually, cohesive force between material is constantly strengthened, finally reach the degree of gelatinization, and by constantly grind into material continue compression descending, finally extrude from nib 11 lower end, linearly shape is continued descending, after reaching certain length, or when touching aggregate bin 8 bottom surface, line interruption, form stalk block.Material constantly feeds, and stalk block is constantly formed, and ensure that high efficiency and the continuity of production.

Claims (1)

1. a vertical shaft flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism, comprises base, transmission system, aggregate bin, bearing, main shaft, flat-die, roller frame, pressure roller, sleeve, it is characterized in that: described spindle vertical is arranged on base and bearing center; Described flat-die level is arranged on bearing; Described roller frame is vertically arranged on main shaft, and with main shaft by spline joint, bottom is pressed on bearing by packing ring, and upper end is fixed by gland by round nut; Described pressure roller level is arranged on the radial axle head of roller frame, is fixed by shaft end ring; Described jacket casing is outside flat-die; Described aggregate bin is arranged on flat-die lower end, be fixed on bearing, flat-die has several square through holes in circumference range, for nib, nib center line overlaps with pressure roller tooth centre of gyration line, flat-die energy positive and negative uses, pressure roller is straight tube shape, is spur gear, rotates under the drive of pressing roller holder with axle with nib contact portion, around axis rotation own while revolution, continuous crawl material, rolls in nib, extrudes the stalk block of regular shape, leave the gap of 0.05 ~ 0.2mm between pressure roller and flat-die, this gap is regulated by top round nut.
CN201410105123.1A 2014-03-16 2014-03-16 Vertical shaft flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism Expired - Fee Related CN103879012B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410105123.1A CN103879012B (en) 2014-03-16 2014-03-16 Vertical shaft flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410105123.1A CN103879012B (en) 2014-03-16 2014-03-16 Vertical shaft flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103879012A CN103879012A (en) 2014-06-25
CN103879012B true CN103879012B (en) 2016-01-13

Family

ID=50948278

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410105123.1A Expired - Fee Related CN103879012B (en) 2014-03-16 2014-03-16 Vertical shaft flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103879012B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106064493B (en) * 2016-07-26 2018-04-17 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of flat-die Forming press machine

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19955844A1 (en) * 1998-11-19 2000-05-25 Pelletsverband Vertriebs Und B Fuel pellets based on compressed biomass include comminuted cereal or maize or starch as lubricant and binder
CN201587136U (en) * 2009-12-02 2010-09-22 济南三农能源科技有限公司 Translational flat-die biomass forming machine
CN202862627U (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-04-10 陕西科技大学 Biomass roll forming machine

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
IT1270217B (en) * 1994-06-14 1997-04-29 Italtraco Srl AGGLOMERATOR FOR INCONERENT MASSES
JP2010172840A (en) * 2009-01-30 2010-08-12 Eco-Material Inc Pelletizer with temperature control mechanism

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19955844A1 (en) * 1998-11-19 2000-05-25 Pelletsverband Vertriebs Und B Fuel pellets based on compressed biomass include comminuted cereal or maize or starch as lubricant and binder
CN201587136U (en) * 2009-12-02 2010-09-22 济南三农能源科技有限公司 Translational flat-die biomass forming machine
CN202862627U (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-04-10 陕西科技大学 Biomass roll forming machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103879012A (en) 2014-06-25

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103879012B (en) Vertical shaft flat-die Zhi Gun stalk briquette mechanism
CN106182879A (en) A kind of to roller cuber
CN206304703U (en) The pressurizing unit of Squeezinggranulator and its Squeezinggranulator
CN203448673U (en) Feeding device for powder metallurgy
CN202197739U (en) Screw noodle press
CN106363948A (en) Tooth profile type ring die curing forming device
CN207025438U (en) A kind of brown sugar mill
CN203108506U (en) Vertical ring die structure
CN201587136U (en) Translational flat-die biomass forming machine
CN204936255U (en) A kind of fats and oils processing device
CN104309157B (en) Combined type forming machine for straw
CN103721635B (en) A kind of Flat die granulating machine
CN203864055U (en) Circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine
CN207493747U (en) Pressurizing unit
CN205948830U (en) Novel pressing wheel mechanism of flat -die granulation machine
CN203233954U (en) Island-shaped dumpling wrapper strip pressing mechanism
CN205833108U (en) A kind of combined straw granulator
CN203370119U (en) Planetary motion type granulator
CN103737954A (en) Rotary carbon electrode extruder and extruding method thereof
CN201231543Y (en) Waste plastic bottle pressing machine
CN105597625A (en) Novel three-press-roll speed-variable granulation machine
CN204395912U (en) A kind of material loading distribution device being applicable to stalk particle and being shaped
CN204447940U (en) Disc granulator
CN203543165U (en) Extrusion eccentric wheel mechanism of flat ring transverse block making machine
CN206568600U (en) Zigzag is to roller tablet press

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Chen Haixia

Inventor after: Zhang Haikun

Inventor after: Dong Dejun

Inventor after: Zhou Fengbo

Inventor after: Ai Hongbin

Inventor after: Li Hongde

Inventor after: Zhang Boren

Inventor after: Wang Yu

Inventor before: Chen Haixia

Inventor before: Zhang Haikun

Inventor before: Dong Dejun

Inventor before: Zhou Fengbo

Inventor before: Ai Hongbin

Inventor before: Li Hongde

Inventor before: Zhang Bairen

Inventor before: Wang Yu

COR Change of bibliographic data
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160113

Termination date: 20200316

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee