CN103877726B - A kind of virtual reality components system - Google Patents

A kind of virtual reality components system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103877726B
CN103877726B CN201410143435.1A CN201410143435A CN103877726B CN 103877726 B CN103877726 B CN 103877726B CN 201410143435 A CN201410143435 A CN 201410143435A CN 103877726 B CN103877726 B CN 103877726B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sensor
control unit
display control
controller
user
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CN201410143435.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103877726A (en
Inventor
覃政
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北京蚁视科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201410143435.1A priority Critical patent/CN103877726B/en
Publication of CN103877726A publication Critical patent/CN103877726A/en
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Publication of CN103877726B publication Critical patent/CN103877726B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F13/00Video games, i.e. games using an electronically generated display having two or more dimensions
    • A63F13/25Output arrangements for video game devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F13/00Video games, i.e. games using an electronically generated display having two or more dimensions
    • A63F13/40Processing input control signals of video game devices, e.g. signals generated by the player or derived from the environment
    • A63F13/42Processing input control signals of video game devices, e.g. signals generated by the player or derived from the environment by mapping the input signals into game commands, e.g. mapping the displacement of a stylus on a touch screen to the steering angle of a virtual vehicle
    • A63F13/428Processing input control signals of video game devices, e.g. signals generated by the player or derived from the environment by mapping the input signals into game commands, e.g. mapping the displacement of a stylus on a touch screen to the steering angle of a virtual vehicle involving motion or position input signals, e.g. signals representing the rotation of an input controller or a player's arm motions sensed by accelerometers or gyroscopes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F13/00Video games, i.e. games using an electronically generated display having two or more dimensions
    • A63F13/80Special adaptations for executing a specific game genre or game mode
    • A63F13/837Shooting of targets

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of virtual reality system, including near-to-eye, display control unit, and controller, the near-to-eye is separable with the display control unit, wherein, the near-to-eye includes first sensor, three-axis attitude and/or three shaft positions for sensing the near-to-eye;The display control unit includes the first connector, communication module and power supply module, wherein described first connector is used to connect the controller, the communication module is used to receive in a wired or wireless fashion and send data/control signals, and transmit to the near-to-eye and receive the signal sent from the near-to-eye, the power supply module is used to power for the display control unit;The controller includes the second connector and second sensor, wherein second connector is used to connect the display control unit, the second sensor is used for the three-axis attitude and/or three shaft positions for sensing the controller.

Description

A kind of virtual reality components system

Technical field

The present invention relates to field of virtual reality, more particularly to a kind of system for realizing virtual reality scenario.

Background technology

Virtual reality (Virtual Reality, abbreviation VR) is the high-tech technology occurred in recent years.Virtual reality is profit Mould of the virtual world of a three dimensions there is provided user on sense organs such as vision, the sense of hearing, tactiles is produced with computer simulation Intend, allow user as being personally on the scene, the things in three-dimensional space can be observed in time, without limitation.Virtual reality Technology is covered including real-time three-dimensional computer graphics techniques, wide-angle(The wide visual field)Stereo display technique, to observer head, eye and The tracking sensing technology of hand, and tactile/power feel the multiple technologies such as feedback, stereo, network transmission, phonetic entry output. Through being widely used in the multiple fields such as medical science, amusement, military aerospace, training.

In the scene of virtual reality applications, usually using person by wearing head mounted display, using controller and Various sensors track the various motions on head and body, so that user experiences impression on the spot in person.In order to subtract The weight of light head mounted display, existing product is used the separable scheme of display part and controller part, that is, existed Separated under the operation of user.For example, circuit board is individually mounted in control box, then it will be controlled by wired modes such as cables Device processed is connected with head mounted display.But the inconvenience in greatly manipulation can be so brought for the use of user.Due to control Box needs independent placement, for example, be placed on desk, or on the ground, therefore easily user can not be made hand-held so that user Scope of activities and its limited, hindered and influence.In addition, therefore the line between control box and head mounted display also can The motion of user is hindered, is brought inconvenience, Consumer's Experience is reduced.

In addition, be much the game with first person in the scene of game that virtual reality technology is applied, such as the One people claims the shooting game at visual angle(FPS).But existing FPS is simulating the situation of first person using virtual reality technology In, experience all not true enough.For example, when needing player to carry out article throwing in gaming, can only be by by movement controller Button simulate, can not really simulate the Consumer's Experience of throwing.When role is moved, existing trip Play control is all all around moving come control role by button or rocking bar, and this is differed with the move mode in really environment It is very remote, not enough truly.Moreover, user is tracked using computer vision methods in virtual reality device, so that motion tracking is realized, This scheme system bulky complex, is not easy to civilian popularization.

Accordingly, it would be desirable to which a kind of experience more preferable virtual reality system to solve the above problems.

The content of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of virtual reality system, including near-to-eye, display control unit, with And controller, the near-to-eye is separable with the display control unit, wherein, the near-to-eye includes First sensor, three-axis attitude and/or three shaft positions for sensing the near-to-eye;The display control unit bag The first connector, communication module and power supply module are included, wherein first connector is used to connect the controller, the communication Module is used to receive in a wired or wireless fashion and send data/control signals, and transmits to the near-to-eye and connect The signal sent from the near-to-eye is received, the power supply module is used to power for the display control unit;It is described Controller includes the second connector and second sensor, wherein second connector is used to connect the display control list Member, the second sensor is used for the three-axis attitude and/or three shaft positions for sensing the controller.

Preferably, the near-to-eye be connected with the display control unit by line and transmit data and/or Power supply signal.

Preferably, the display control unit, which includes interface module, is used to be connected to other display terminals or peripheral hardware.

Preferably, the first sensor and second sensor are selected from acceleration transducer, angular-rate sensor and magnetic strength At least one of inductive sensing device or a variety of combinations.

Preferably, the acceleration transducer is used to sense linear acceleration or linear velocity of the controller in inertial system Certain threshold value whether is reached, is then Trig control signal.

Preferably, the angular-rate sensor is used to sense angular acceleration or angular speed of the controller in inertial system Certain threshold value whether is reached, is then Trig control signal.

Preferably, after the motion that the sensor is sensed reaches certain threshold value, by record the activation threshold value moment by The parameter that sensor is sensed triggers the event being made up of multiple instruction as initial parameter.

Preferably, produced when the first sensor or second sensor sense user relative in own coordinate axle the The displacement or inclination in one direction, and when the displacement or after be tilted beyond certain threshold value, the sensor-triggered instruction is to hold Supervention go out first state mobile control signal on direction.

Preferably, generated when the first sensor or second sensor sense user relative to the first direction When the movement or inclination of different second directions, and when the displacement in the second direction or after be tilted beyond certain threshold value, touch The lasting movement of first direction described in the forward position for sending out control signal to stop, or trigger the Bit andits control in the second direction Signal.

Preferably, the display control unit and controller are detachable combination set, and its combination is buckle Formula is magnetic-type.

Preferably, the combination set is hand-held gun shape, and the display control unit is gun barrel part, the control Device processed is pikestaff part.

Preferably, in addition to the office that threads off, for described towards making under the pulling of first direction in the fingers of single hand of user Display control unit is disengaged with the controller.

Preferably, the office that threads off is used under the pulling of user's direction second direction different from the first direction Trigger the operation of the controller.

Preferably, the operation for threading off office's triggering controller is the throwing action for opening sensing user.

Preferably, the communication module of the wireless mode is selected from WiFi, bluetooth, infrared ray, ultrasonic wave, Wireless At least one of USB, RFID, NFC.

Preferably, the power supply module is used to be that the display control unit and/or the controller are powered.

Preferably, the battery case for accommodating battery is set to the machine of display control unit described in break-through by the power supply module Body, during so that user being put into new battery in the fuselage side of the display control unit, while by old battery ejector Body.

Preferably, the display control unit also includes at least one manipulation button.

Controlled according to the display that the virtual reality system of the present invention can allow user to manipulate display comfortably and naturally Cell mesh, it is to avoid limitation of the extraneous cable to user's head.One-handed performance deviates from mechanism, without the bimanualness of user, Improve convenience.The user for being acted to simulate throwing using real whipping according to the virtual reality system of the present invention is operated, By sensing the true mobile motion to control virtual portrait of user's body, the usage experience of user is improved.

It should be appreciated that foregoing description substantially and follow-up description in detail are exemplary illustration and explanation, should not As the limitation to claimed content of the invention.

Brief description of the drawings

With reference to the accompanying drawing enclosed, the present invention more purpose, function and advantages will pass through the as follows of embodiment of the present invention Description is illustrated, wherein:

Fig. 1 is the Sketch schematic diagram of the virtual reality system according to the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the type of attachment that display control unit according to an embodiment of the invention wraps up controller.

Fig. 3 shows the product structure figure of the near-to-eye according to a specific embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 4 shows that the whipping of the sensor sensing user worked as according to one embodiment of the invention in controller or throwing are dynamic The process of triggering command when making and reaching certain threshold value.

Fig. 5 is shown according to one embodiment of the invention when sensor sensing user's hair in near-to-eye or controller The process of triggering command when giving birth to displacement action and reaching certain threshold value.

Embodiment

By reference to one exemplary embodiment, the purpose of the present invention and function and the side for realizing these purposes and function Method will be illustrated.However, the present invention is not limited to one exemplary embodiment as disclosed below;Can by multi-form come It is realized.The essence of specification is only to aid in the detail of the various equivalent modifications Integrated Understanding present invention.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the invention will be described with reference to the drawings.In the accompanying drawings, identical reference represents identical Or similar part, or same or like step.

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the virtual reality system 100 according to the present invention.As shown in figure 1, the present invention's is virtual existing Real system 100 includes near-to-eye 101, display control unit 102, and controller 103, wherein, near-to-eye 101 Display function is provided for being worn on user head, near-to-eye 101 and display control unit 102 are splits, it Between can be connected by line 104 and transmit data and/or power supply signal.Control unit 102 is the hand-held manipulation part of user, For being manipulated in the experience of virtual reality, the action of personage in such as manipulation training or game.Display control is single Member 102 receives the control signal from controller 103, the display control signal that generation is shown for near-to-eye 101.

Preferably, display control unit 102 and controller 103 could be arranged to detachable combination set.Such as Fig. 1 institutes Show, according to one embodiment of present invention, the combination set for example could be arranged to hand-held gun shape, and display control is single Member 102 is gun barrel part, and controller 103 is pikestaff part.Gun barrel part and pikestaff part pass through connector 102a and 103a edges Four-headed arrow direction as shown in Figure 1 is combined.Connector 102a and 103a combination for example can for buckle-type or It is magnetic-type.The form of negative and positive buckle as shown in Figure 1 can for example be used, it would however also be possible to employ clad type click on fashion, such as Fig. 2 The shown type of attachment that controller 103 is wrapped up by display control unit 102.It is understood that the combination set is also It could be arranged to other and be easy to the hand-held mode of user, such as mode of control stick, handle, steering wheel.

Near-to-eye 101 needs long period to be when in use worn on the head of user, it is therefore desirable to it is lightweight with Ensure the comfortableness worn.According to one embodiment of present invention, between near-to-eye 101 and display control unit preferably Connected by the line 104 of wired mode.Line 104 can not only transmit data and signal, can also be by being arranged on display Power supply module 102e in device control unit 102(It will be described below)Power supply signal is transmitted, is needed with exempting near-to-eye 101 Configure the extra increased weight of power supply unit institute.

As shown in figure 1, controller 103 includes threading off, office 103b is for controlling display control unit 102 and controller 103 dropout.In the embodiment that combination set is set to hand-held gun shape, the office 103b that threads off could be arranged to trigger Shape.For singlehanded can manipulate to control display control unit 102 and the dropout of controller 103, greatly when in use Improve the convenience used greatly.As shown in Fig. 2 user can be pulled by fingers of single hand towards direction d1 as shown in Figure 2 Office 103b thread off so that the display control unit 102 is disengaged with the controller 103.

It is highly preferred that one of control button as controller 103, the office 103b that threads off can also be arranged on other directions Motion is so as to trigger extra control function, for example, user is de- along pulling for the direction d2 different from direction d1 as shown in Figure 2 Deduction closes 103b, so as to trigger other operations of the controller.These operations will be described below in detail.

As shown in figure 1, display control unit 102 includes connector 102a, interface module 102b, CPU 102c, communication module 102d and power supply module 102e.Interface module 102b includes at least one video/audio display interface, is used for It is connected to other display terminals.Interface module 102b can for example be selected from video/audio display output interface commonly used in the art, choosing From HDMI, micro-HDMI interfaces, USB interface etc..When being connected to other video display devices, display control unit 102 itself will can transmit to the video signal transmission of near-to-eye 101 to external display device originally, such as TV, Projection etc., video output signals are provided for it.Interface module 102b can also be that USB interface is used to connect other peripheral hardwares, such as fill Electrical equipment, external sensor(Such as infrared or laser range sensor).

CPU 102e is used for the work for controlling the modules of display control unit 102, and controls the mould that communicates Block 102d is used to receive in a wired or wireless fashion from main frame and send data/control signals, and it is aobvious to transmit a signal to nearly eye Show that device 101 is shown, may also receive from the signal of the transmission of near-to-eye 101(Such as signal of sensor sensing)And Main frame is sent back after processing and carries out signal interaction.The main frame is, for example, that computer, game machine etc. can be run for according to the present invention's Virtual reality system 100 realizes software or the game of man-machine interaction.The consideration of flexibility, communication module are manipulated for user 102d preferably wirelessly carries out signal transmission.The communication module 102d of the wireless mode can be selected from WiFi, bluetooth, red At least one of outside line, ultrasonic wave, Wireless USB, RFID, NFC.It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that also may be used To be attached and data-signal transmission using wired mode.

Power supply module 102e is used to power for display control unit 102.Preferably, in the He of display control unit 102 In the case that near-to-eye 101 is connected by wired mode, it can also be powered for near-to-eye 101.It is highly preferred that also may be used Think that controller 103 is powered.Power supply module 102e can be using various ways such as rechargeable battery, disposable batteries.It is preferred that adopting With replaceable battery power supply mode, use time can be extended by changing battery with convenient use person.Power supply module 102e The battery case for accommodating battery could be arranged to the fuselage of break-through display control unit 102, and such user, can when changing battery New battery is put into the fuselage side in display control unit 102, while old battery is ejected into fuselage, facilitates user single Hand is operated.

Preferably, display control unit 102 can also include at least one manipulation button 102f.On controller 103 Manipulation button the manipulation of virtual reality scenario is carried out when being inconvenient to use or when display control unit 102 is used alone. The buttons such as upper and lower, left and right button and selection, beginning, the switching of control direction key can be included by manipulating button 102f.

Controller 103 includes connector 103a, thread off office 103b, sensor 103c.Sensor 103c is used to sense and worked as Motor message when user's hand held controller 103 is moved.The motion such as throwing, rock, whipping, throwing connect, move, turn It is dynamic to wait one or more.Sensor 103c can be used for three axles for sensing the controller 103(x,y,z)Posture and/or three axles (x,y,z)Position.Sensor 103c can for example be selected from acceleration transducer(Gravity sensor), angular-rate sensor(Gyro Instrument), at least one of magnetic induction sensor or a variety of combinations.The sensing operation of sensor will be described below in detail.

Preferably, controller 103 can also include communication module 103d and operational and controlled key button 103e.Communication module 102d is used for Received in a wired or wireless fashion with main frame or display control unit and send data/control signals.Communication module 102d is excellent Choosing wirelessly carries out signal transmission.The communication module 102d of the wireless mode can selected from WiFi, bluetooth, infrared ray, At least one of ultrasonic wave, Wireless USB, RFID, NFC.It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that can also adopt It is attached with wired mode and data-signal transmission.Manipulate button 102f can for example include control direction key it is upper and lower, The button such as left and right button and selection, beginning, switching.It is highly preferred that controller 103 can be equipped with independent power supply unit(Figure Not shown in)To be powered when controller 103 works independently of display control unit 102 for it.

As shown in figure 1, near-to-eye 101 includes display screen 101a and sensor 101b.Sensor 101b is used to sense When user wears motor message when near-to-eye 101 is moved.It is described near that sensor 101b for example can be used for sensing The three-axis attitude of eye display 101 and three shaft positions.Sensor 101b for example can be selected from acceleration transducer, gyroscope, again At least one of force snesor, angular-rate sensor.The sensing operation of sensor will be described below in detail.

Fig. 3 shows the product structure figure of the near-to-eye 300 according to a specific embodiment of the invention.Such as Fig. 3 institutes Show, near-to-eye 101 could be arranged to goggle type, including display housing 301, be embedded in the display housing 301 It is connected close to face side and display screen 302 corresponding with people's right and left eyes and with display housing 301 and extends back to enclose The ring-type headband 303 of the display housing is fixed around user head.

The similar goggles of the outward appearance of display housing 301, it caves inward a desired depth, depression close to face side Portion is disposed with display screen 302, and depressed part surrounding is by the forehead support portion 304 for being supported in a top, the cheek that is supported in a bottom Supporting part 305, the nose support 306 being supported in the middle of face and it is supported in the headband 303 of a left and right sides and surrounds, is formed and people Face is brought into close contact, and so external world's visible ray is isolated and can not come in.By adjusting headband 303, user should on wearing During goggle type display, it can not be influenceed by extraneous visible ray and the game picture on screen can be clearly seen.

Embodiments in accordance with the present invention, controller 103, which can include sensor, to be used to sense when user's hand held controller hair Motor message or human body attitude signal during raw motion.The motion and posture such as throwing, rock, whipping, throwing connect, moved, The one or more such as rotation, inclination.For example, sensor can be acceleration transducer(Gravity sensor), can be with output indication Controller due to by user's throwing, rock, whipping etc. and the signal of accelerated motion produced.Controller 103 can be monitored and come from The output signal of the acceleration sensor, and the triggering command when detecting the threshold value of output signal.For example, when user is with certain The throwing of dynamics whipping or controller 103 can reach the threshold value when reaching certain acceleration.Sensor can also be that angular speed is passed Sensor(Gyroscope), output indication controller due to by user's throwing, rock, whipping etc. and the letter of angular speed change produced Number.

It is highly preferred that sensor can also include magnetic induction sensor, the changes of magnetic field for sensing user movement generation So as to enter line displacement correction to acceleration transducer or angular-rate sensor, to cause the result of sensing more accurate.

As shown in figure 4, in certain embodiments, sensor sensing user action, which reaches to trigger during certain threshold value, to be referred to Order, this instruction can be the instruction of the next step during execution includes series of steps.For example, when user is in When in the reality environment of combat game, now user grips controller 400 as the antitank grenade in virtual game, user Along direction whipping as shown in Figure 4 or throwing controller 400, exist when acceleration transducer 401 senses user's throwing controller 400 Linear acceleration or linear velocity in inertial system reach after certain threshold value that triggering command, the instruction for example can be that control is virtual existing Virtual antitank grenade in real environment game starts to be separated from the hand of user and autonomous travel is to reach predetermined target.Autonomous travel Track can be made by recording the sensor parameters such as acceleration, the thrown direction of user that the activation threshold value moment senses by sensor For initial parameter, carry out the calculating of parabolic motion simulation to obtain.

Alternatively, sensor might also be to sense the angular-rate sensor of angular speed, such as gyroscope, when user edge Direction whipping or throwing controller 400 as shown in Figure 4, angular-rate sensor 401 sense user's throwing controller 400 in inertia Angular acceleration or angular speed in system reached after certain threshold value, triggering command.

Preferably, the sensor used according to the controller 103 of the present invention is Integrated Accelerometer, gyroscope and magnetic Nine shaft space free degree motion sensors of inductive pick-up one.

It is highly preferred that controller 103 can also coordinate external sensor to carry out further accurate correction and measure.For example External rangefinder is connected by the interface of display control unit 102(Infrared, laser)To measure human body and fixed signal thing The distance between, so that the motion or the change of posture of more accurate sensing human body.

It is understood that in certain embodiments, the instruction can be pre-defined by user.The threshold size of instruction Can voluntarily it be pre-defined by user, the size of threshold value can be for reacting the sensitivity of trigger sensor, and too low threshold value has Be likely to result in user inadvertently mobile controller and mistakenly trigger the operation in corresponding reality environment.

Preferably, the controller 400 includes flexible frenulum, and frenulum system is passed through for making user by controller 400 In wrist, it can prevent that user in throwing process from slipping out of the hand the damage by mistake lost away controller 400 and caused.According to an implementation Example, because frenulum is pulled in user's throwing, and produces the change of a specific speed or acceleration, will can also be somebody's turn to do The change of speed or acceleration is turned to instruction or event of the Trig control signal of sensor so as to triggering following.

According to still another embodiment of the invention, the triggering instructed in reality environment can also be by shown in Fig. 2 Dropout office 103b realize triggering.Dropout office 103b triggering is triggered similar to physical button formula, can be by various Key mode realizes, such as long-press, short-press, press.Different durations are pressed by setting, different signals can be triggered Function.For example, when in the reality environment that user is in combat game, now user grips controller 400 as empty Antitank grenade in the game of plan, user is by a direction(Direction d2 for example shown in Fig. 2)Dropout office 103b is pinned to hold Continue specific time, such as 3-5 seconds.The duration can also be by user's sets itself.Reach or surpass when according to the office 103b that threads off Cross after predetermined duration, user release dropout office 103b, triggering command realizes the throwing of antitank grenade.

According to still another embodiment of the invention, the triggering instructed in reality environment can also be by shown in Fig. 2 Dropout office 103b operation display control unit 102 is caused with the trip action of controller 103 to trigger.It will can show Show that device control unit 102 and the coupling part of controller 103 set at least one electric contact, when user is when in use by one When dropout office 103b is pulled in individual direction, it singlehanded can manipulate to control display control unit 102 and controller 103 Thread off, now display control unit 102 disconnects with least one electric contact in the coupling part of controller 103, and triggering refers to Order.For example, when in the reality environment that user is in combat game, now user to a direction by pulling dropout machine When closing 103b, control control display control unit 102 and the dropout of controller 103 cause display control unit 102 and control At least one electric contact in the coupling part of device 103 processed disconnects.The throwing for now producing trigger signal unlatching sensing user is moved Make, such as " throwing away antitank grenade " pattern in reality-virtualizing game environment, user then can utilize sensing by described above Device detects movement velocity or threads off office 103b by long-press come the operation of triggering following.

Sensor can also be included in embodiments in accordance with the present invention, near-to-eye to be used to sense when the head of user is worn Wear the near-to-eye and occur translation or motor message during with directive banking motion.The sensor for example can be with It is acceleration(Gravity)Sensor, the signal for the motion that can be produced with output indication due to the movement on user's generation position, So as to trigger further instruction.Display control unit can monitor the sensor from near-to-eye and sense and defeated The signal gone out, and the triggering command when detecting the threshold value of output signal.For example, when user deviates a certain in itself reference axis Direction is subjected to displacement or tilted, and after the displacement of the direction or angle of inclination exceed certain threshold value, can triggering command.So Position tracking of the virtual reality system to user of the present invention can be realized so that reality and virtual synchronous.Alternatively, Can be realized by the sensor in display control unit above-mentioned user deviate in itself reference axis a direction top offset or The sensing at angle of inclination.

Fig. 5 schematically shows the process of this position mobile tracking.As shown in figure 5, in certain embodiments, sensing Whether device sensing user there occurs the displacement of certain amplitude to any direction, can trigger and refer to when displacement reaches certain threshold value Order, this instruction can be the instruction of the next step during execution includes series of steps.For example, when user is in When during the virtual portrait walking in the reality environment of game, now user wears near-to-eye 501, Yong Huyan Either direction as shown in Figure 5 is moved, and is produced relatively when the sensor of sensed displacement in near-to-eye 501 senses user The displacement of a direction in own coordinate axle, and after the displacement of a direction exceedes certain threshold value, sensor will be touched Send instructions to control the personage in virtual scene to continuously send out the mobile control signal on this direction, that is, start to move to user Dynamic direction walking.The second displacement directions different relative to previous direction of displacement are then generated when sensor senses user It is mobile when, and when the displacement in the second direction exceed certain threshold value after, the second control signal can be triggered, to stop it The persistent movement of forward position a direction, or when the displacement in the second direction exceed another threshold value after, can also trigger to Displacement control signal in the second direction.

According to another embodiment, when user is moved along either direction as shown in Figure 5, the biography in near-to-eye 501 Sensor in sensor display control unit 502 can also be produced relative to one party in own coordinate axle by sensing user To inclination and triggering command.And when the angle of inclination of a direction exceedes certain threshold value(Such as certain angle)Afterwards, pass Sensor will triggering command to control the personage in virtual scene to continuously send out the mobile control signal on this direction, that is, open Walk in the direction for beginning to move to user.The second party different relative to previous direction are then generated when sensor senses user To inclination when, and when after being tilted beyond certain angle and reach threshold value, the second control letter can be triggered in the second direction Number, with the lasting displacement movement of forward position a direction of stopping.Or when in the second direction be tilted beyond another threshold value it Afterwards, it can also trigger to the displacement control signal in the second direction.Preferably, the folder between the previous direction and second direction Angle is more than 90 degree.

When user's displacement that sensor is sensed changes and reaches specific threshold value, the next step operation of triggering Can as after sequence of operations initial signal.For example, can be after triggering starts movement to some direction, constantly To the direction always automatic moving to reach predetermined target.Track, initial velocity of automatic moving etc. can be touched by record The sensor parameters such as mobile range, translational acceleration, the linear velocity of user that the hair threshold value moment is sensed by sensor are as initial Parameter, moves the calculating of motion simulation to obtain.

It is understood that in certain embodiments, the instruction can be pre-defined by user.The threshold size of instruction Can voluntarily it be pre-defined by user, the size of threshold value can be for reacting the sensitivity of trigger sensor, and too low threshold value has User is likely to result in inadvertently to move near-to-eye and mistakenly trigger the operation in corresponding reality environment.

According to still another embodiment of the invention, the sensor of the above-mentioned sensing user's displacement being arranged in near-to-eye It can be arranged in controller or display control unit, to connect external display by display control unit as user When sense user displacement movement.

According to the virtual reality system of the present invention user can be allowed to manipulate the control unit portion of display comfortably and naturally Point, it is to avoid limitation of the extraneous cable to user's head.One-handed performance deviates from mechanism, without the bimanualness of user, improves Convenience.The user for being acted to simulate throwing using real whipping according to the virtual reality system of the present invention is operated, and passes through sense The true mobile motion to control virtual portrait of user's body is surveyed, the usage experience of user is improved.

With reference to the explanation of the invention disclosed here and practice, other embodiment of the invention is for those skilled in the art It all will be readily apparent and understand.Illustrate and embodiment is to be considered only as exemplary, of the invention true scope and purport is equal It is defined in the claims.

Claims (15)

1. a kind of virtual reality system, including near-to-eye, display control unit, and controller, the nearly eye are shown Device is separable with the display control unit, wherein,
The display control unit and controller are detachable combination set, in addition to the office that threads off, the office that threads off The operation of the controller is triggered to open the throwing action of sensing user;
The near-to-eye includes first sensor, three-axis attitude and/or three axle positions for sensing the near-to-eye Put;
The display control unit includes the first connector, communication module and power supply module, wherein first connector is used In connecting the controller, the communication module is used to receive in a wired fashion and send data/control signals, and transmits to institute State near-to-eye and receive the signal sent from the near-to-eye, the power supply module is used to be the display Control unit is powered;
The controller includes the second connector and second sensor, wherein second connector is used to connect the display Control unit, the second sensor is used for the three-axis attitude and/or three shaft positions for sensing the controller;;It is wherein described near Eye display is connected by line with the display control unit and transmits data and/or power supply signal, and line not only can be with Data and signal are transmitted, power supply signal can also be transmitted by the power supply module being arranged in display control unit.
2. the system as claimed in claim 1, is used to be connected to other wherein the display control unit includes interface module Display terminal or peripheral hardware.
3. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first sensor and second sensor are selected from acceleration transducer, angle At least one of velocity sensor and magnetic induction sensor or a variety of combinations.
4. system as claimed in claim 3, wherein the acceleration transducer is used to sense the controller in inertial system Linear acceleration or linear velocity whether reach certain threshold value, be then Trig control signal.
5. system as claimed in claim 3, wherein the angular-rate sensor is used to sense the controller in inertial system Angular acceleration or angular speed whether reach certain threshold value, be then Trig control signal.
6. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein after the motion that the sensor is sensed reaches certain threshold value, passing through note The parameter that the record activation threshold value moment is sensed by sensor triggers the event being made up of multiple instruction as initial parameter.
7. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein producing phase when the first sensor or second sensor sense user It is described for the displacement or inclination of first direction in own coordinate axle, and when the displacement or after be tilted beyond certain threshold value Sensor-triggered instruction first states mobile control signal on direction to continuously send out.
8. system as claimed in claim 7, wherein being generated when the first sensor or second sensor sense user When the movement or inclination of the second direction different relative to the first direction, and when the displacement in the second direction or tilt super Cross after certain threshold value, Trig control signal with the lasting movement of first direction described in the forward position that stops, or trigger to this Displacement control signal on two directions.
9. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the combination of the combination set is buckle-type or magnetic-type.
10. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the combination set is hand-held gun shape, the display control is single Member is gun barrel part, and the controller is pikestaff part.
11. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the de- mouth office is used for fingers of single hand in user towards first direction Pulling under disengage the display control unit and the controller.
12. system as claimed in claim 11, wherein the office that threads off be used for user towards with the first direction not The operation of the triggering controller under the pulling of same second direction.
13. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the power supply module is used for for the display control unit and/or institute Controller is stated to be powered.
14. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the battery case for accommodating battery is set to described in break-through by the power supply module The fuselage of display control unit, during so that user being put into new battery in the fuselage side of the display control unit, together When old battery is ejected into fuselage.
15. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the display control unit also includes at least one manipulation button.
CN201410143435.1A 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 A kind of virtual reality components system CN103877726B (en)

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