CN103868282A - Superconductive evaporative heat pump unit - Google Patents

Superconductive evaporative heat pump unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103868282A
CN103868282A CN201410128411.9A CN201410128411A CN103868282A CN 103868282 A CN103868282 A CN 103868282A CN 201410128411 A CN201410128411 A CN 201410128411A CN 103868282 A CN103868282 A CN 103868282A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
pipe
heat exchanger
superconductive
vaporation
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410128411.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
巢民强
Original Assignee
深圳市庄合智能产业科技有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 深圳市庄合智能产业科技有限公司 filed Critical 深圳市庄合智能产业科技有限公司
Priority to CN201410128411.9A priority Critical patent/CN103868282A/en
Publication of CN103868282A publication Critical patent/CN103868282A/en

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of new energy, energy conservation and environmental protection and provides a superconductive evaporative heat pump unit. The superconductive evaporative heat pump unit comprises a compressor, an electromagnetic four-way valve, an evaporative heat exchanger, a throttling device, an evaporator and a gas-liquid separator, wherein the compressor, the electromagnetic four-way valve, the evaporative heat exchanger, the throttling device, the evaporator and the gas-liquid separator are connected in series through pipelines. Heat in the evaporative heat exchanger is taken away through water sprayed circularly and superconductive heat pipes. The superconductive evaporative heat pump unit is initiatively combined with the superconductive heat pipes and heat is transferred between the superconductive heat pipes and the evaporative heat pump unit efficiently, so that the heat conduction and dissipation effects are obviously improved, the energy efficiency ratio of the superconductive evaporative heat pump unit is further improved, energy is saved, and the environment is protected.

Description

A kind of superconduction vaporation-type source pump
Technical field
The invention belongs to new forms of energy and energy-conserving and environment-protective field, relate in particular to a kind of superconduction vaporation-type source pump field, more particularly, that one relates to vaporation-type heat pump is combined with super heat-conductive pipe, by super heat-conductive pipe and the heat conduction of vaporation-type heat pump close contact, the technical innovation that heat loss through conduction effect significantly improves.
background technology
Super heat-conductive pipe technology is that the one of George Ge Luofo (George Grover) invention of U.S. Los Alamos (Los Alamos) National Laboratory in 1963 is called the heat transfer element of " heat pipe ", it takes full advantage of the Rapid Thermal hereditary property of heat-conduction principle and refrigeration filling, seeing through heat pipe is delivered to the heat of thermal objects rapidly outside thermal source, its capacity of heat transmission exceedes the capacity of heat transmission of any known metal, has now been widely used in the industries such as aerospace, military project, radiator manufacture and has obtained remarkable result.
Evaporating type condensing technology be compressor is discharged in refrigeration system overheated higher pressure refrigerant gas through the condensation comb in evaporative condenser, make the spray water and air outside cold-producing medium and the comb of high-temperature gas carry out heat exchange.Being gaseous refrigerant is condensed into liquid refrigerant by suitable for reading from top to bottom after entering comb gradually, and then realizes refrigeration by throttling arrangement and evaporimeter.
summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of superconduction vaporation-type source pump, be intended to further deal with problems
The present invention realizes like this.
A kind of superconduction vaporation-type source pump, its compressor 1 use pipeline successively with solenoid operated four-way valve 2, evaporating heat exchanger 4, the first device for drying and filtering 10, throttling arrangement 11, the second device for drying and filtering 12, evaporimeter 13, gas-liquid separator 15 is connected in series, described evaporating heat exchanger 4 is placed in header tank 3 and sprays water by bubbler 5, super heat-conductive pipe 6 heat conduction and blower fan 7 heat-shifts, described bubbler 5 is by header tank 3, cyclic water tank 8 and the first water circulating pump 9 are connected in series, the fixing contact of described super heat-conductive pipe 6 is connected in header tank 3, described evaporimeter 13 is connected in series with using the side end circulatory system by the second water circulating pump 14.
Above-mentioned evaporating heat exchanger 4 adopts copper pipe, titanium pipe, stainless steel tube and other to have the heat exchanger of identical heat exchange function.
Above-mentioned throttling arrangement 11 adopts capillary, heating power expansion valve, electric expansion valve.
Above-mentioned evaporimeter 13 adopts plate type heat exchanger, double pipe heat exchanger, the shell and tube exchanger of cold water heat exchange.
The heat pipe that above-mentioned super heat-conductive pipe 6 adopts core heat pipe, gravity assisted heat pipe, gravity auxiliary heat pipe, rotating heat pipe, electrohydrodynamic heat pipe, magneto hydrodynamic heat pipe, infiltration heat pipe and other have identical heat conduction function.
Adopt technique scheme, the present invention is combined vaporation-type heat pump and is utilized in same system with super heat-conductive pipe, evaporating heat exchanger evaporate by shower water and with super heat-conductive pipe heat-shift, carry out heat exchange by blower fan, when cooling system work, evaporating heat exchanger sprays evaporator strip on evaporating heat exchanger by shower water and walks heat, heat is conducted and is passed through rapidly fan radiating by super heat-conductive pipe, heat in refrigerant is constantly circulated and exchanged in air, when system heats work, solenoid operated four-way valve commutation, former evaporating heat exchanger is converted to evaporator function, evaporating heat exchanger sprays evaporation on evaporating heat exchanger by shower water and takes away cold, cold conducts rapidly by blower fan cold scattering by super heat-conductive pipe, cold in refrigerant is constantly circulated and exchanged in air, above-mentioned super heat-conductive pipe vaporation-type heat pump, by the superpower heat conductivility of super heat-conductive pipe, can improve rapidly cold heat heat exchange efficiency in evaporating heat exchanger, and then heat exchange efficiency and the Energy Efficiency Ratio of lifting whole system, high-efficient energy-saving environment friendly.
brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the systematic schematic diagram that the embodiment of the present invention provides.
detailed description of the invention
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
Please refer to Fig. 1, its compressor 1 use pipeline successively with solenoid operated four-way valve 2, evaporating heat exchanger 4, the first device for drying and filtering 10, throttling arrangement 11, the second device for drying and filtering 12, evaporimeter 13, gas-liquid separator 15 is connected in series, described evaporating heat exchanger 4 is placed in header tank 3 and sprays water by bubbler 5, super heat-conductive pipe 6 heat conduction and blower fan 7 heat-shifts, described bubbler 5 is by header tank 3, cyclic water tank 8 and the first water circulating pump 9 are connected in series, the fixing contact of described super heat-conductive pipe 6 is connected in header tank 3, described evaporimeter 13 is connected in series with using the side end circulatory system by the second water circulating pump 14.
Refer to Fig. 1, described evaporating heat exchanger 4 adopts copper pipe, titanium pipe, stainless steel tube and other to have the heat exchanger of identical heat exchange function, described evaporating heat exchanger 4, it is connected in series by shower water and carries out exchange heat through header tank 3, cyclic water tank 8 and the first water circulating pump 9, bubbler 5.
Refer to Fig. 1, the heat pipe that described super heat-conductive pipe 6 adopts core heat pipe, gravity assisted heat pipe, gravity auxiliary heat pipe, rotating heat pipe, electrohydrodynamic heat pipe, magneto hydrodynamic heat pipe, infiltration heat pipe and other have identical heat conduction function, described super heat-conductive pipe 6, it is connected with heat (cold) the air contact of shower water evaporation, carries out rapidly exchange heat by blower fan 7.
Refer to Fig. 1, described evaporimeter 13 adopts plate type heat exchanger, double pipe heat exchanger, the shell and tube exchanger of cold water heat exchange, described evaporimeter 13 is connected in series with using side end-equipment composition water passage circulation system by the second water circulating pump 14, carries out exchange heat.
The present embodiment has following two kinds of operating modes, and in this duty, described evaporating heat exchanger 4 is copper pipe, and described super heat-conductive pipe 8 is for there being core heat pipe, and described throttling arrangement 11 is heat expansion valve, and described evaporimeter 13 is plate type heat exchanger.
Operating mode one: refer to Fig. 1, its main working process is as follows: after unit switches on power, compressor 1 is opened, compressor 1 compression refrigerant enters into evaporating heat exchanger 4 by solenoid operated four-way valve 2, simultaneously, the first water circulating pump 9 and blower fan 7 are opened, shower water is by bubbler 5 spraying cooling water, cooling water and refrigerant carry out heat exchange evaporation, super large heat pipe 6 evaporator sections absorb steam and the hot-air heat of shower water evaporation, by blower fan 7 by exchange heat to air, refrigerant temperature reduces, refrigerant is by evaporating heat exchanger 4, after reducing, the first device for drying and filtering 10 temperature enter in throttling arrangement 11, by throttling arrangement 11 throttlings, after throttling, refrigerant enters in evaporimeter 13 by the second device for drying and filtering 12, the second water circulating pump 14 is opened, the refrigerant evaporation of absorbing heat in evaporimeter 13, refrigerant temperature rises, chilled water temperature reduces, institute's chilling requirement is provided, refrigerant passes through solenoid operated four-way valve 2 after evaporimeter 13, after gas-liquid separator 15, get back in compressor 1, system enters into next circulation.
In described cooling condition, blower fan 7, the first water circulating pump 9, the second water circulating pump 14 are opened.
In described cooling condition, shower water is constantly circulated required shower water is provided by header tank 3, cyclic water tank 8, the first water circulating pump 9, bubbler 5.
Operating mode two: refer to Fig. 1, its main working process is as follows: after unit switches on power, compressor 1 is opened, compressor 1 compression refrigerant enters into evaporimeter 13 after commutating by solenoid operated four-way valve 2, the second water circulating pump 13 is opened, refrigerant and cooling water carry out heat exchange, refrigerant temperature reduces, cooling water temperature rises, provide and use side end institute calorific requirement, refrigerant is by evaporimeter 13, after the second device for drying and filtering 12, enter in throttling arrangement 11, by throttling arrangement 11 throttlings, after throttling, refrigerant enters in evaporating heat exchanger 4 by the first device for drying and filtering 10, blower fan 7 and the first water circulating pump 9 are opened, bubbler 5 hydrojets provide shower water, super heat-conductive pipe 6 condensation segments contact with cold air and absorb cold in cold air, refrigerant endothermic temperature rises, refrigerant passes through solenoid operated four-way valve 2 after evaporating heat exchanger 4, after gas-liquid separator 15, get back in compressor 1, system enters into next circulation.
In described heating condition, blower fan 7, the first water circulating pump 9, the second water circulating pump 14 are opened.
In described heating condition, shower water is constantly circulated required shower water is provided by header tank 3, cyclic water tank 8, the first water circulating pump 9, bubbler 5.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a superconduction vaporation-type source pump, it is characterized in that: compressor (1) pipeline successively with solenoid operated four-way valve (2), evaporating heat exchanger (4), the first device for drying and filtering (10), throttling arrangement (11), the second device for drying and filtering (12), evaporimeter (13), gas-liquid separator (15) is connected in series, described evaporating heat exchanger (4) is placed in header tank (3) by bubbler (5) water spray, super heat-conductive pipe (6) heat conduction and blower fan (7) heat-shift, described bubbler (5) is by header tank (3), cyclic water tank (8) and the first water circulating pump (9) are connected in series, the fixing contact of described super heat-conductive pipe (6) is connected in header tank (3), described evaporimeter (13) is connected in series with using the side end circulatory system by the second water circulating pump (14).
2. a kind of superconduction vaporation-type source pump as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described evaporating heat exchanger (4) adopts copper pipe, titanium pipe, stainless steel tube and other to have the heat exchanger of identical heat exchange function.
3. a kind of superconduction vaporation-type source pump as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described throttling arrangement (11) adopts capillary, heating power expansion valve, electric expansion valve.
4. a kind of superconduction vaporation-type source pump as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described evaporimeter (13) adopts plate type heat exchanger, double pipe heat exchanger, the shell and tube exchanger of cold water heat exchange.
5. a kind of superconduction vaporation-type source pump as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the heat pipe that described super heat-conductive pipe (6) adopts core heat pipe, gravity assisted heat pipe, gravity auxiliary heat pipe, rotating heat pipe, electrohydrodynamic heat pipe, magneto hydrodynamic heat pipe, infiltration heat pipe and other have identical heat conduction function.
CN201410128411.9A 2014-04-02 2014-04-02 Superconductive evaporative heat pump unit CN103868282A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410128411.9A CN103868282A (en) 2014-04-02 2014-04-02 Superconductive evaporative heat pump unit

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2040629U (en) * 1988-12-01 1989-07-05 吴江热管锅炉厂 Low noise high efficient glass steel cooling tower
CN201218574Y (en) * 2008-06-04 2009-04-08 西安工程大学 Heat pipe cold recovery type evaporation-cooling high temperature water chilling unit
CN201599984U (en) * 2009-12-30 2010-10-06 潘东山 Automobile air-conditioning system
US20120085105A1 (en) * 2009-08-27 2012-04-12 Tony Quisenberry Method and system for maximizing thermal properties of a thermoelectric cooler and use therewith in association with hybrid cooling
CN102944135A (en) * 2012-08-18 2013-02-27 高信光 Forced ventilation device with additional heat pipe in cooling tower
JP5360226B2 (en) * 2009-11-19 2013-12-04 富士通株式会社 Loop heat pipe system and information processing apparatus
CN103486762A (en) * 2013-09-22 2014-01-01 烟台欧森纳地源空调有限公司 Heat pump system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2040629U (en) * 1988-12-01 1989-07-05 吴江热管锅炉厂 Low noise high efficient glass steel cooling tower
CN201218574Y (en) * 2008-06-04 2009-04-08 西安工程大学 Heat pipe cold recovery type evaporation-cooling high temperature water chilling unit
US20120085105A1 (en) * 2009-08-27 2012-04-12 Tony Quisenberry Method and system for maximizing thermal properties of a thermoelectric cooler and use therewith in association with hybrid cooling
JP5360226B2 (en) * 2009-11-19 2013-12-04 富士通株式会社 Loop heat pipe system and information processing apparatus
CN201599984U (en) * 2009-12-30 2010-10-06 潘东山 Automobile air-conditioning system
CN102944135A (en) * 2012-08-18 2013-02-27 高信光 Forced ventilation device with additional heat pipe in cooling tower
CN103486762A (en) * 2013-09-22 2014-01-01 烟台欧森纳地源空调有限公司 Heat pump system

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