CN103867496A - Liquid discharge device provided with ball thrust bearing and sliding conical bearing - Google Patents

Liquid discharge device provided with ball thrust bearing and sliding conical bearing Download PDF

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CN103867496A
CN103867496A CN 201410131849 CN201410131849A CN103867496A CN 103867496 A CN103867496 A CN 103867496A CN 201410131849 CN201410131849 CN 201410131849 CN 201410131849 A CN201410131849 A CN 201410131849A CN 103867496 A CN103867496 A CN 103867496A
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liquid
pressure
discharge
device
chamber
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CN 201410131849
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CN103867496B (en )
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俞灿
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俞灿
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Abstract

Provided is a liquid discharge device provided with a ball thrust bearing and a sliding conical bearing. The liquid discharge device comprises a pressure air supply device (7), a pressure chamber (8), a pressure supply pipe (9), a liquid discharge pipeline (10) and an obtaining and filtering device (20), wherein the pressure air supply device (7) is used for providing pressure for the pressure chamber (8) through the pressure supply pipe (9), the pressure chamber (8) can pressurize liquid inside the pressure chamber (8) and send out the liquid through the liquid discharge pipeline (10), the obtaining and filtering device (20) is arranged at the inner side end of the liquid discharge pipeline (10) and is used for filtering the liquid when the liquid discharge pipeline (10) obtains the liquid from the pressure chamber (8), the outer side end of the liquid discharge pipeline (10) is used for sending out the liquid in a flowing mode, and a liquid inlet (81) is formed in the top of the pressure chamber (8).

Description

具有滚珠推力轴承和滑动性圆锥轴承的液体给出装置 The liquid having a ball thrust bearing and sliding bearing of the cone is given apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种利用空气压力给出液体的装置,更为具体地涉及一种能够自动清除絮状物的利用空气压力给出液体的装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a device given by air pressure of the liquid, more particularly relates to an automatic clearing by air pressure means a liquid floc is given.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 利用空气压力给出液体的装置是在农业、绿地维护以及工业中广泛使用的一种喷出液体的设备。 Means [0002] With the given air pressure is maintained in the liquid agricultural, green and one liquid ejection apparatus widely used in industry. 利用空气压力给出液体的装置的使用的水质根据水源的不同而不同,因此,为了防止利用空气压力给出液体的装置被液体中的杂质影响正常运行,在利用空气压力给出液体的装置的汲液管道的末端往往具有过滤结构。 Given by air pressure of the liquid used in the water quality of water according to the different apparatus of different, therefore, in order to prevent the liquid using air pressure means being impurities affect the normal operation of the liquid, the liquid is given by air pressure given end of the drain pipe was often a filter structure.

[0003] 但是,由于利用空气压力给出液体的装置在运行时形成的吸力,容易将液体给出管道末端的附近范围内大量杂质吸附;而有些絮状物的杂质便停留在液体给出管道末端的滤网结构处;久而久之,这些絮状杂质越积越厚,会对液体给出管道的进液体性能产生影响,并同时影响利用空气压力给出液体的装置的出液体量,进而浪费动力,影响使用;更为严重地,会导致利用空气压力给出液体的装置的动力机构出现过载而引发设备风险。 [0003] However, since the given air pressure of the suction device forming a liquid during operation, the liquid is easy to give a large amount of impurities adsorbed within the vicinity of the pipe ends; and some impurities will remain in the floc is given a liquid conduit at the end of the filter structure; Over time, these impurities flocculent piled thick, the liquid will be given into the liquid conduit impact performance, while the influence by the air pressure of a given amount of liquid means a liquid, thereby wasting power Effects use; more seriously, may lead to a power given by air pressure mechanism of the apparatus the liquid and cause an overload risk device.

[0004] 现有的一些利用空气压力给出液体的装置的进液管道端部的过滤装置絮状杂质的清除一般依靠人工进行。 Clear fluff filter means impurity inlet end of the pipe [0004] Some conventional liquid given by air pressure device generally rely on manually. 由于现有的利用空气压力给出液体的装置水质有要求,而且即使在杂质较多的场合下所应用的利用空气压力给出液体的装置也会定期地从抽液体液体源中移出进行清洗,因而这种问题尚可以承受。 Since the conventional apparatus is given by air pressure required by the aqueous liquid, and means a liquid by air pressure even in the case where a lot of impurities will be given periodically applied from the liquid pumped out of the washing liquid source, so this issue is still affordable. 但是,在某些情形下,例如城市草坪的维护,利用空气压力给出液体的装置需要从一些备用液体源汲取液体流,这些备用液体源例如是回收的雨水、中水甚至未经处理的地表径流水,而这些利用空气压力给出液体的装置设备又不具有定期进行人工维护的条件,因此,这种情形下对于杂质的清除以保证利用空气压力给出液体的装置的正常运转就具有迫切需求。 However, in some cases, such as city lawn maintenance, by air pressure means to draw the liquid gives the required flow of liquid from the liquid source of some alternate, alternate source of liquid which is recycled, for example, rain water, ground water or even untreated runoff water, which gives the apparatus using air pressure device having a liquid condition without manual periodic maintenance, therefore, in this case for removal of impurities by air pressure to ensure normal operation of the apparatus is given to a liquid having urgent demand.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的是提供一种能够自动清除利用空气压力给出液体的装置进液管末端絮状过滤杂质的利用空气压力给出液体的装置系统,其不需要提供单独的动力源,而自动地根据具体需要对絮状杂质进行清除,或者预防絮状杂质的附着。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to provide an automatic purge using air pressure using air pressure means given a liquid inlet end of the tube is given flocculent filter impurities device system liquid, which does not require a separate power source, to automatically remove impurities fluff according to specific needs, or to prevent attachment of impurities fluff.

[0006] 本发明采用的技术方案如下: [0006] The present invention employs the following technical solutions:

一种一种具有滑动性圆锥轴承和滚珠推力轴承的利用空气压力给出液体的装置,包括压力空气供给装置、压力腔室、压力供给管、液体给出管道以及汲取过滤装置,其中,所述压力空气供给装置用于通过压力供给管为压力腔室提供压力,所述压力腔室能够对压力腔室内的液体进行加压并通过液体给出管道送出,所述汲取过滤装置设置在液体给出管道的内侧端,用于在所述液体给出管道从压力腔室汲取液体时对所述液体进行过滤;液体给出管道的外侧端用于流动送出液体;所述压力腔室的顶部设置有液体入口。 By air pressure of one kind having a conical sliding bearings and ball thrust bearing means gives a liquid, comprising a pressure air supply means, the pressure chamber, the pressure supply pipe and a liquid pipe drawn given filtering device, wherein the means for supplying pressurized air through the pressure supply tube to the pressure chamber to provide a pressure, the pressure chambers can be pressurized and the liquid pressure chamber through the liquid feeding pipe is given, the given draw filter means disposed in the liquid the inner end of the pipe, the pipe is given for filtering the liquid when the liquid to draw the liquid from the pressure chamber; given liquid flow conduit for feeding the liquid outer end; the top of the pressure chamber is provided with liquid inlet.

[0007] 所述汲取过滤装置包括大气连通管、压力进入管以及电磁阀,所述大气连通管的第一端伸出压力腔室外与大气连通,所述压力进入管的第一端在压力腔室内用于连通压力腔室内的增压的空气。 [0007] The filter means comprises a dip tube communicating the atmosphere, and a solenoid valve pressure inlet pipe, the first end of the atmosphere communicating pipe that communicates with the atmosphere outside the pressure chamber, the first end of the tubing into the pressure in the pressure chamber communicating the air pressure chamber for pressurizing the chamber.

[0008] 所述汲取过滤装置还包括转动部件和固定部件,其中,固定部件包括圆柱筒部和固定架部,圆柱筒部的上端部封闭、下端部开口,固定架部为具有空隙的环形架体,所述固定架部的内侧部与圆柱筒部的上端部的圆周外围固定连接,并且固定架部的外侧部与液体给出管道的所述内侧端固定连接,由此,固定部件固定到液体给出管道。 [0008] The filtration device further comprises a dip rotating member and the fixing member, wherein the fixing member includes a cylindrical portion and an upper portion of the cylindrical holder portion, the cylindrical portion of the closing cylinder, the lower end portion of the opening, the mount portion having an annular shelf void body, the upper end portion of the circumferential periphery of the inner cylindrical portion and the cylindrical portion of the holder portion is fixedly connected, and the outer mount portion and the liquid portion is given by the inner end fixedly connected to the pipe, whereby the fixing member is fixed to the liquid conduit are given.

[0009] 转动部件包括中心轴、底部封闭圆盘、径向延伸连接部和转动拨动部分,中心轴的上端通过圆锥轴承与所述圆柱筒部的上端部可转动地密封连接,并且中心轴的上端还设置有锁紧螺母,所述锁紧螺母能够压靠着所述圆锥轴承将所述中心轴向上牵拉锁紧;所述中心轴的下端与底部封闭圆盘的中心固定连接,所述底部封闭圆盘的上表面的外圆周部位通过密封条与圆柱筒部的下端部可转动地密封接触,由此,所述底部封闭圆盘与所述圆柱筒部能够包围形成具有密封性的腔室;所述底部封闭圆盘的外圆周部的外围与径向延伸连接部的内侧固定连接,所述径向延伸连接部的外侧与转动拨动部分的下端固定连接,所述转动拨动部分的上端与液体给出管道的所述内侧端通过推力轴承连接,所述转动拨动部分的外围以及径向延伸连接部的外侧均设置有拨动条, [0009] The rotatable member includes a central axis, a closed bottom disc, the radially extending portion of the connecting portion and the rotating dial, the upper end of the central shaft is rotatably connected by sealing the upper end portion of said cylindrical tube and the conical bearing portion, and the central axis the upper end is also provided with a lock nut, the lock nut can be pressed against the conical bearing will pull the central axial locking; the lower end of the central axis of the closure disc is fixedly connected to the bottom center, the outer circumferential portion of the disk is closed on the bottom surface of the sealing contact by a lower end portion rotatably weather strip and the cylindrical columnar portion, whereby the closure disc and the bottom of the cylindrical tank having a sealing portion can be formed to surround chamber; a radially outer circumferential periphery of the disk portion of the bottom closure extending inner connecting portion fixedly connected to the radially outward extending portion is connected to the lower end portion of the rotatable dial fixedly connected to the rotatable dial the inner end of the upper portion and the hydrodynamic thrust bearing is given by the connecting pipe, the rotating dial and a peripheral portion extending radially outward of the connecting portion is provided with a toggle strip, 所述拨动条在转动的时候能够避免液体中的絮状杂质附着;所述转动拨动部分、径向延伸连接部以及固定架部上均设置有供液体流动通过的通道;其中,所述圆锥轴承包括外套筒以及内套筒,所述外套筒的外表面为圆锥形状,内表面也为圆锥形状,所述内套筒的外表面为圆锥形状,内表面为圆柱形状,所述圆柱形状围绕形成圆柱通孔用于供中心轴穿过;所述外套筒的圆锥形状的内表面与所述内套筒的圆锥形状的外表面之间形成具有润滑性的滑动表面;推力轴承分为上圆环和下圆环,上圆环与转动拨动部分相连,下圆环的内侧相对于上圆环向内伸出形成内凸部,所述液体给出管道的外圆柱面上设置有周向凹槽,所述内凸部嵌入所述轴向凹槽内,所述上圆环和下圆环之间设置有滚珠。 Turning the dial can be avoided when the liquid flocculent impurities attached to the article; wherein said; toggle the rotating portion, and a radially extending connecting portion mount portion is provided with channels for the flow of liquid through the cone bearing including an outer sleeve and an inner sleeve, an outer surface of the outer sleeve of conical shape, the inner surface is also conical shape, the outer surface of the inner sleeve is a conical shape, the inner surface of a cylindrical shape, said cylindrical shape formed around the through hole for allowing a cylindrical central axis therethrough; forming a sliding surface with lubricity between the inner surface of the conical shape of the outer sleeve and the outer surface of the conical shape of the inner sleeve; thrust bearing the outer cylindrical surface is divided into upper and lower annular ring, the ring portion is connected to the rotatable dial, the inner ring relative to the upper annular projecting portion projecting inwardly is formed in a given liquid conduit is provided with a circumferential groove, the convex portion fitted to the inner axial grooves, balls disposed between said upper and lower annular ring.

[0010] 所述中心轴沿着其轴向方向固定设置有在直径上相对的两个旋转叶片,并且所述圆柱筒部的内部在其纵向方向上固定设置有在直径上相对的两个固定叶片,中心轴设置在所述两个固定叶片之间并且与其可转动地密封连接,由此,两个固定叶片和两个旋转叶片将所述圆柱筒部的内部空间分隔为四个密封扇区。 [0010] the central axis along the axial direction thereof is fixed is provided with two rotating blades diametrically opposed, and the inside of the cylindrical tubular portion is fixed in its longitudinal direction is provided with two diametrically opposite fixed blades, the central shaft is provided rotatably therewith and sealed connection between the two fixed blades, whereby the two two rotating blades and stationary blades inner space of the cylindrical tubular portion divided into four sectors seal .

[0011] 压力进入管的第二端与电磁阀的第一入口连通,电磁阀的第二入口与所述大气连通管的第二端连接,电磁阀的第一出口与第一出口管路连接,第一出口管路分成第一出口支路A和第一出口支路B,第一出口支路A和第一出口支路B分别与所述四个密封扇区中在直径上相对的两个扇区连通;电磁阀的第二出口与第二出口管路连接,第二出口管路分成第二出口支路A和第二出口支路B,第二出口支路A和第二出口支路B分别与所述四个密封扇区中在直径上相对的另外两个扇区连通;电磁阀包括两个工作状态,在第一工作状态下,第一入口与第一出口连通,第二入口与第二出口连通;在第二工作状态下,第一入口与第二出口连通,第二入口与第一出口连通;电磁阀能够在所述两个工作状态下受控地周期性转换。 [0011] The pressure inlet pipe and a second end of the first inlet solenoid valve in communication, a second terminal connected to a second solenoid valve inlet and the atmosphere communicating pipe, a first outlet and a first solenoid valve connected to the outlet conduit first outlet conduit outlet into a first branch a and branch B of the first outlet, the first outlet branch a and branch B are respectively the first outlet and seal the four sectors diametrically opposed two communication sectors; a second outlet and a second solenoid valve connected to an outlet conduit, a second outlet into a second outlet conduit branch a and branch B the second outlet, the second outlet branch a and the second outlet branch path B are communicating with the other two of the four sectors of the sealing sectors diametrically opposed; solenoid valve comprises two operating states, in a first operating state, a first outlet in communication with the first inlet, a second an inlet in communication with the second outlet; in the second operating state, a second outlet in communication with the first inlet, a second inlet in communication with the first outlet; solenoid valve can be controlled in the two periodic transformation operation state.

[0012] 当工作时,所述压力空气供给装置使得压力腔室内的空气加压,当需要防止絮状杂质附着时,电磁阀工作,当在第一工作状态时,增压的空气通过压力进入管供应到在直径上相对的两个扇区,并且在直径上相对的另外两个扇区与大气连通管连通,从而使得两个旋转叶片以第一方向旋转;当电磁阀转换到第二工作状态时,在直径上相对的两个扇区与大气连通管连通,增压的空气通过压力进入管供应到在直径上相对的所述另外两个扇区,从而使得两个旋转叶片以第二方向旋转;由此,中心轴能够带动所述转动拨动部分和径向延伸连接部周期性往复转动,从而防止絮状杂质附着在汲取过滤装置上。 [0012] When operating, the pressure of the pressurized air supply so that air pressure in the chamber, when necessary to prevent adhesion of impurities flocculent, electromagnetic valve, when in the first operating state, the pressurized air enters through the pressure supplied to tube two diametrically opposite sectors, and the other two sectors, with the atmosphere communication tube communicating diametrically opposite, so that the two blades rotating in a first rotational direction; and when the solenoid valve to a second work state, two diametrically opposite sectors in communication with the atmosphere communicating pipe, pressurized air is supplied to the tube diametrically opposite the other two sectors through pressure inlet so that the two second rotary blades rotation direction; whereby, said central shaft is rotatably driven by a toggle portion and a radially extending connecting portion reciprocally rotated periodically, so as to prevent adhesion of impurities on the draw fluff filter means.

[0013] 通过上述的技术方案,由于利用了利用空气压力给出液体的装置运行时产生的空气压,无需另外提供动力组件,节省了设备成本以及维护成本。 [0013] Through the above technical solution, since the air pressure generated during operation of a liquid by air pressure of the apparatus is given, without additional components to provide power, saving the equipment cost, and maintenance costs. 同时,由于使用了电磁阀进行周期性换向,可以有效实现振动式往复运动,有效对絮状杂质进行预防和去除,同时其控制灵活,在无需使用的情形下可以对其直接进行关闭,而不会影响设备整体的正常运行。 Meanwhile, since the solenoid valve periodically reversing can effectively achieve vibration type reciprocating movement is effective for the prevention and removal of impurities fluff, while its flexible control can be turned off in the case of its direct without the use of, and It will not affect the overall equipment up and running. 将四个扇区的连通管路设置在靠近固定叶片的位置,可以最大程度确保旋转叶片的活动空间,同时能够为旋转叶片的运动提供一种物理限位,确保设备运行的可靠性。 At a position near the stationary blades, the rotary blade can be ensured space communicating conduit is provided maximally four sectors, while possible to provide a physical stop for the rotational movement of the blade, to ensure reliability of the equipment.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 图1是本发明的利用空气压力给出液体的装置系统的总体结构的示意图; [0014] FIG. 1 is a schematic overall configuration of a system using air pressure liquid of the present invention are given;

图2是本发明的利用空气压力给出液体的装置系统的液体给出管道末端过滤装置的总体结构的纵向示意图。 FIG 2 is a liquid by air pressure device of the present invention are given system is given a liquid pipe ends longitudinal view of the overall structure of the filtering apparatus.

[0015]图3是本发明的利用空气压力给出液体的装置系统的液体给出管道末端过滤装置的端面视图,其示出了过滤装置的动力运行原理。 [0015] FIG. 3 is using air pressure according to the present invention gives a liquid fluid device system gives an end view of the pipe ends of the filter device, which shows the operation principle of the power filter device.

[0016] 图4是滑动性圆锥轴承的剖面图示意图。 [0016] FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a sliding bearing cone.

[0017] 图5是滚珠推力轴承的结构示意图。 [0017] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a ball thrust bearing.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0018] 下面结合附图1-5,对本发明进行详细说明。 [0018] DRAWINGS 1-5, the present invention will be described in detail.

[0019] 一种一种具有滑动性圆锥轴承和滚珠推力轴承的利用空气压力给出液体的装置,包括压力空气供给装置7、压力腔室8、压力供给管9、液体给出管道10以及汲取过滤装置20,其中,所述压力空气供给装置7用于通过压力供给管9为压力腔室8提供压力,所述压力腔室8能够对压力腔室8内的液体进行加压并通过液体给出管道10送出,所述汲取过滤装置20设置在液体给出管道10的内侧端,用于在所述液体给出管道10从压力腔室8汲取液体时对所述液体进行过滤;液体给出管道10的外侧端用于流动送出液体;所述压力腔室8的顶部设置有液体入口81。 [0019] A given liquid having an apparatus using air pressure slidability cone bearing and ball thrust bearing, comprising a pressure air supply means 7, the pressure chamber 8, the pressure supply pipe 9, the liquid conduit 10 and draws give filter means 20, wherein said pressure air supply means 7 through the pressure supply pipe 9 for the pressure chamber 8 to provide a pressure, the pressure chamber 8 is able to pressurize the liquid in the pressure chamber 8 and through the liquid to a feeding duct 10, to draw the filter means 20 is provided in the inner end of the conduit 10 is given a liquid, and for giving the liquid conduit 10 to filter the liquid pressure draws liquid from the chamber 8; liquid analysis the outer end of the conduit 10 for feeding the flow of liquid; the top of the pressure chamber 8 is provided with a liquid inlet 81.

[0020] 所述汲取过滤装置20包括大气连通管5、压力进入管4以及电磁阀6,所述大气连通管5的第一端伸出压力腔室8外与大气连通,所述压力进入管4的第一端在压力腔室8内用于连通压力腔室8内的增压的空气。 [0020] The filter means 20 comprises a dip tube 5 communicating the atmosphere, a pressure inlet pipe 4 and a solenoid valve 6, a first end of the atmosphere communicating tube 5 extends outside the pressure chamber 8 communicates with the atmosphere, the pressure inlet pipe a first end 4 for the pressurized air within the pressure chamber 8 communicates in the pressure chamber 8.

[0021] 所述汲取过滤装置20还包括转动部件2和固定部件I,其中,固定部件I包括圆柱筒部102和固定架部101,圆柱筒部102的上端部封闭、下端部开口,固定架部101为具有空隙的环形架体,所述固定架部101的内侧部与圆柱筒部102的上端部的圆周外围固定连接,并且固定架部101的外侧部与液体给出管道10的所述内侧端固定连接,由此,固定部件I固定到液体给出管道10。 [0021] The apparatus 20 further comprises a filter draw the rotary member 2 and the fixing member I, wherein I comprises a cylindrical fixing member 102 and the cylindrical portion mount portion 101, the upper end portion of the cylindrical tubular portion 102 is closed, the lower end portion of the opening, the holder frame portion 101 having an annular gap, the circumference of the inner peripheral portion of the upper portion of the cylindrical portion of the cylindrical portion 101 of the holder 102 is fixedly connected, and the outer mount portion and the liquid portion 101 of the conduit 10 is given by inner end fixedly connected, thereby fixing the fixing member I to the liquid conduit 10 is given.

[0022] 转动部件2包括中心轴21、底部封闭圆盘24、径向延伸连接部25和转动拨动部分23,中心轴21的上端通过圆锥轴承121与所述圆柱筒部102的上端部可转动地密封连接,并且中心轴21的上端还设置有锁紧螺母122,所述锁紧螺母122能够压靠着所述圆锥轴承121将所述中心轴21向上牵拉锁紧;所述中心轴21的下端与底部封闭圆盘24的中心固定连接,所述底部封闭圆盘24的上表面的外圆周部位通过密封条120与圆柱筒部102的下端部可转动地密封接触,由此,所述底部封闭圆盘24与所述圆柱筒部102能够包围形成具有密封性的腔室;所述底部封闭圆盘24的外圆周部的外围与径向延伸连接部25的内侧固定连接,所述径向延伸连接部25的外侧与转动拨动部分23的下端固定连接,所述转动拨动部分23的上端与液体给出管道10的所述内侧端通过推力轴承29连接,所述转动拨动部分23的外 [0022] The rotatable member 2 including the central axis 21, a closed bottom disk 24, a radially extending connecting portion 25 and a toggle portion 23 is rotated, the upper end of the central shaft 21 through the upper end portion of the bearing cone 121 with the cylindrical tubular portion 102 may be rotatably connected to the seal, and an upper end of the central shaft 21 is also provided with a lock nut 122, a lock nut 122 can be pressed against the conical bearing 121 of the central shaft 21 upwardly to pull the lock; the central axis closing the lower end of the bottom 21 is fixedly connected to the center of the disk 24, the upper surface of the bottom disk 24 enclosed by an outer peripheral portion of seal 120 in sealing contact with the cylinder barrel rotatably lower end portion 102, whereby the said closed bottom portion 102 and the disk 24 can be formed to surround said cylindrical tubular portion having a sealing chamber; a radially outer circumferential periphery of the disk portion 24 of the bottom closure extending inner connecting portion 25 fixedly connected to the connecting portion 25 extending radially outward and rotation of the toggle portion 23 is fixedly connected to the lower end, the upper end of the rotary toggle 23 is given to the liquid portion of the inner end of the conduit 10 is connected through a thrust bearing 29, the rotary toggle section 23 of the outer 围以及径向延伸连接部25的外侧均设置有拨动条,所述拨动条在转动的时候能够避免液体中的絮状杂质附着;所述转动拨动部分23、径向延伸连接部25以及固定架部101上均设置有供液体流动通过的通道;其中,所述圆锥轴承121包括外套筒1211以及内套筒1213,所述外套筒1211的外表面为圆锥形状,内表面也为圆锥形状,所述内套筒1213的外表面为圆锥形状,内表面为圆柱形状,所述圆柱形状围绕形成圆柱通孔1212用于供中心轴21穿过;所述外套筒1211的圆锥形状的内表面与所述内套筒1213的圆锥形状的外表面之间形成具有润滑性的滑动表面;推力轴承29分为上圆环和下圆环,上圆环与转动拨动部分23相连,下圆环的内侧相对于上圆环向内伸出形成内凸部,所述液体给出管道10的外圆柱面上设置有周向凹槽,所述内凸部嵌入所述轴向凹槽内,所述上圆环和下圆环之 The outer circumference and a radially extending connecting portion 25 is provided with toggle bar, said toggle strip can be avoided when the rotation of the liquid impurities attached to the flocculent; toggle the rotating portion 23, a radially extending connecting portion 25 and a mount portion 101 is provided with a passage for liquid flow therethrough; wherein said conical bearing 121 includes an outer sleeve and an inner sleeve 1211 1213, an outer surface of the outer sleeve 1211 of a conical shape, the inner surface also a conical shape, the outer surface of the inner sleeve 1213 a conical shape, the inner surface of a cylindrical shape, the cylindrical shape is formed around the through hole 1212 for allowing the cylindrical shaft 21 passing through the center; the conical outer sleeve 1211 having a sliding surface lubrication between the inner surface shape of the outer surface of the conical shape of the inner sleeve 1213; thrust bearing ring 29 is divided into upper and lower ring, the ring portion 23 is connected to the rotatable dial , the inner ring relative to the upper inwardly projecting annular convex portion is formed, the liquid is given a circumferential axial groove, the convex portion is fitted in the groove provided with an outer cylindrical surface 10 of the conduit the upper ring and the lower ring 设置有滚珠。 Provided with a ball.

[0023] 所述中心轴21沿着其轴向方向固定设置有在直径上相对的两个旋转叶片22,并且所述圆柱筒部102的内部在其纵向方向上固定设置有在直径上相对的两个固定叶片26,中心轴21设置在所述两个固定叶片26之间并且与其可转动地密封连接,由此,两个固定叶片26和两个旋转叶片22将所述圆柱筒部102的内部空间分隔为四个密封扇区。 [0023] The central shaft 21 is fixed along its axial direction with two rotating blades 22 diametrically opposed, and the inner cylindrical tubular portion 102 is fixed in its longitudinal direction diametrically opposite two fixed blades 26, the central shaft 21 is provided rotatably therewith and sealed connection between the two stationary blades 26, thereby, two stationary blades 26 and rotating blades 22 of the two cylindrical tubular portion 102 sealing the interior space into four sectors.

[0024] 压力进入管4的第二端40与电磁阀6的第一入口连通,电磁阀6的第二入口与所述大气连通管5的第二端50连接,电磁阀6的第一出口与第一出口管路41连接,第一出口管路41分成第一出口支路A43和第一出口支路B42,第一出口支路A43和第一出口支路B42分别与所述四个密封扇区中在直径上相对的两个扇区连通;电磁阀6的第二出口与第二出口管路51连接,第二出口管路51分成第二出口支路A53和第二出口支路B52,第二出口支路A53和第二出口支路B52分别与所述四个密封扇区中在直径上相对的另外两个扇区连通;电磁阀6包括两个工作状态,在第一工作状态下,第一入口与第一出口连通,第二入口与第二出口连通;在第二工作状态下,第一入口与第二出口连通,第二入口与第一出口连通;电磁阀6能够在所述两个工作状态下受控地周期性转换。 Connecting a second end 50, the solenoid valve [0024] The second end of the pressure inlet 40 communicates with the first inlet solenoid valve 6 of the tube 4, the second inlet solenoid valve and the atmosphere communicating tube 6, a first outlet 5 of 6 line 41 connected to the first outlet, the first outlet conduit 41 into a first outlet leg and a first outlet branch B42 A43, A43 a first outlet leg and a first outlet branch B42, respectively seal the four two diametrically opposite sectors communicating sectors; solenoid valve 6 connected to the second outlet conduit 51 and a second outlet, the second outlet conduit 51 into a second outlet and a second outlet leg branch A53 B52 second outlet and a second outlet leg branch A53 B52 communicate with the other two of the four sectors of the sealing sectors diametrically opposed; solenoid valve 6 includes two operating states, in a first operating state under, the first inlet communicating with the first outlet, a second inlet in communication with the second outlet; in the second operating state, a second outlet in communication with the first inlet, a second inlet in communication with the first outlet; solenoid valve 6 is capable of periodic transformation controlled in said two operating states.

[0025] 当工作时,所述压力空气供给装置7使得压力腔室8内的空气加压,当需要防止絮状杂质附着时,电磁阀6工作,当在第一工作状态时,增压的空气通过压力进入管4供应到在直径上相对的两个扇区,并且在直径上相对的另外两个扇区与大气连通管5连通,从而使得两个旋转叶片22以第一方向旋转;当电磁阀6转换到第二工作状态时,在直径上相对的两个扇区与大气连通管5连通,增压的空气通过压力进入管4供应到在直径上相对的所述另外两个扇区,从而使得两个旋转叶片22以第二方向旋转;由此,中心轴21能够带动所述转动拨动部分23和径向延伸连接部25周期性往复转动,从而防止絮状杂质附着在汲取过滤装置20上。 [0025] When operating, the pressurized air supply means 7 so that the pressurized air within the pressure chamber 8, when necessary to prevent adhesion of impurities fluff, the solenoid valve 6 is operated, when in the first operating state, the pressurized an air inlet pipe 4 through the pressure supplied to the two opposite sectors in diameter, and the other two diametrically opposite sectors in communication with the atmosphere communication tube 5, so that the two rotary blade 22 rotates in a first direction; and when converting the solenoid valve 6 to the second work state, two diametrically opposite sectors in communication with the atmosphere communication tube 5, the pressurized air enters into the supply pipe 4 in diametrically opposite sectors by two additional pressure , so that the two rotary blade 22 rotates in a second direction; whereby, said central rotatable drive shaft 21 can slide the connector portion 23 and a radially extending portion 25 reciprocally rotated periodically, so as to prevent impurities attached draw fluff filter device 20.

Claims (1)

  1. 1.一种具有滑动性圆锥轴承和滚珠推力轴承的利用空气压力给出液体的装置,包括压力空气供给装置(7)、压力腔室(8)、压力供给管(9)、液体给出管道(10)以及汲取过滤装置(20 ),其中,所述压力空气供给装置(7 )用于通过压力供给管(9 )为压力腔室(8 )提供压力,所述压力腔室(8)能够对压力腔室(8)内的液体进行加压并通过液体给出管道(10)送出,所述汲取过滤装置(20)设置在液体给出管道(10)的内侧端,用于在所述液体给出管道(10)从压力腔室(8)汲取液体时对所述液体进行过滤;液体给出管道(10)的外侧端用于流动送出液体;所述压力腔室(8)的顶部设置有液体入口(81),其特征在于, 所述汲取过滤装置(20)包括大气连通管(5)、压力进入管(4)以及电磁阀(6),所述大气连通管(5)的第一端伸出压力腔室(8)外与大气连通,所述压力进入管(4)的第一端在压力腔室(8)内用于连通 A pressure by air having a slidable ball bearing and a thrust bearing cone given by means of a liquid, comprising a pressure air supply means (7), a pressure chamber (8), a pressure supply pipe (9), the liquid conduit is given (10) and draw the filter means (20), wherein said pressure air supply means (7) for providing a pressure to the pressure chamber (8) via a pressure supply pipe (9), said pressure chamber (8) can be of the liquid in the pressure chambers (8) for feeding pressurized and given duct (10) through a liquid, draws said filter means (20) provided at the inner end of the given liquid duct (10) for the given liquid conduit (10) for filtering from the pressure chamber (8) to draw the liquid to the liquid; given liquid duct (10) of the outer end feeding a flow of liquid; a top of the pressure chamber (8) is provided with a liquid inlet (81), characterized in that said draw filtering means (20) comprises an atmosphere communicating tube (5), a pressure inlet pipe (4) and a solenoid valve (6), said atmosphere communicating tube (5) a first pressure chamber extending end (8) communicating with the atmosphere, the pressure inlet pipe (4) at a first end of the pressure chamber (8) for communication 压力腔室(8)内的增压的空气, 所述汲取过滤装置(20 )还包括转动部件(2 )和固定部件(I),其中,固定部件(I)包括圆柱筒部(102)和固定架部(101),圆柱筒部(102)的上端部封闭、下端部开口,固定架部(101)为具有空隙的环形架体,所述固定架部(101)的内侧部与圆柱筒部(102)的上端部的圆周外围固定连接,并且固定架部(101)的外侧部与液体给出管道(10)的所述内侧端固定连接,由此,固定部件(I)固定到液体给出管道(10); 转动部件(2 )包括中心轴(21)、底部封闭圆盘(24)、径向延伸连接部(25 )和转动拨动部分(23),中心轴(21)的上端通过圆锥轴承(121)与所述圆柱筒部(102)的上端部可转动地密封连接,并且中心轴(21)的上端还设置有锁紧螺母(122),所述锁紧螺母(122)能够压靠着所述圆锥轴承( 121)将所述中心轴(21)向上牵拉锁紧;所述中心轴(21)的下端与底部封闭圆盘(24)的中心固定 Pressurized air inside (8) of the pressure chamber, the draw filter means (20) further comprises a rotary member (2) and the fixing member (I), wherein the fixing member (I) comprises a cylindrical tubular portion (102) and mount portion (101), a cylindrical tubular portion (102) of the closed upper portion, a lower end portion of the opening, the fixing frame portion (101) having an annular gap frame, said mount portion (101) of the inner cylindrical barrel portion the circumferential peripheral portion (102) fixedly connected to the upper end portion and the mount portion (101) of the outer portion of the liquid gives the duct (10) is fixedly connected to the inner end, whereby the fixing member (I) is fixed to the liquid given conduit (10); rotary member (2) comprises a central shaft (21), a bottom closure disc (24), a radially extending connecting portion (25) and rotatable toggle portion (23), the central axis (21) an upper end pivotally connected to the upper end portion by a seal bearing cone (121) with the cylindrical tube portion (102), and an upper end of the central shaft (21) is further provided with a lock nut (122), said lock nut (122 ) can be pressed against the conical bearing (121) the lock pull up the central axis (21); a lower end fixed to the center of the central shaft (21) with a bottom closure disk (24) 连接,所述底部封闭圆盘(24)的上表面的外圆周部位通过密封条(120)与圆柱筒部(102)的下端部可转动地密封接触,由此,所述底部封闭圆盘(24)与所述圆柱筒部(102)能够包围形成具有密封性的腔室;所述底部封闭圆盘(24)的外圆周部的外围与径向延伸连接部(25)的内侧固定连接,所述径向延伸连接部(25)的外侧与转动拨动部分(23)的下端固定连接,所述转动拨动部分(23)的上端与液体给出管道(10)的所述内侧端通过推力轴承(29)连接,所述转动拨动部分(23)的外围以及径向延伸连接部(25)的外侧均设置有拨动条,所述拨动条在转动的时候能够避免液体中的絮状杂质附着;所述转动拨动部分(23)、径向延伸连接部(25)以及固定架部(101)上均设置有供液体流动通过的通道;其中,所述圆锥轴承(121)包括外套筒(1211)以及内套筒(1213),所述外套筒(1211)的外表面为圆锥形状,内表 Connection, the outer circumferential portion of the upper surface of the bottom closure disc (24) by a sealing strip (120) of the cylindrical tubular portion (102) of the lower end portion rotatably sealing contact, whereby the bottom closure disc ( 24) with the cylindrical tube portion (102) having a forming chamber can surround sealability; a radially outer circumferential periphery of the closure disc portion (24) of said bottom extending inner connecting section (25) is fixedly connected, the inner end of the radially extending portion connected to the lower end (25) of rotation of the outer dial portion (23) fixedly connected to the rotating toggle portion (23) gives the upper end of the liquid pipe (10) by the thrust bearing (29), said rotatable toggle portion (23) of the peripheral outer portion and a radially extending connection (25) is provided with a toggle bar, said toggle strip can be avoided when the rotation of the liquid flocculent impurities attached to; the rotary toggle portion (23), a radially extending connecting portion (25) and a mount portion (101) on each channel is provided with liquid flow through the supply; wherein said conical bearing (121) an outer sleeve comprising an outer surface (1211) and an inner sleeve (1213), said outer sleeve (1211) is a conical shape, in the table 也为圆锥形状,所述内套筒(1213)的外表面为圆锥形状,内表面为圆柱形状,所述圆柱形状围绕形成圆柱通孔(1212)用于供中心轴(21)穿过;所述外套筒(1211)的圆锥形状的内表面与所述内套筒(1213)的圆锥形状的外表面之间形成具有润滑性的滑动表面;推力轴承(29)分为上圆环和下圆环,上圆环与转动拨动部分(23)相连,下圆环的内侧相对于上圆环向内伸出形成内凸部,所述液体给出管道(10)的外圆柱面上设置有周向凹槽,所述内凸部嵌入所述轴向凹槽内,所述上圆环和下圆环之间设置有滚珠; 所述中心轴(21)沿着其轴向方向固定设置有在直径上相对的两个旋转叶片(22),并且所述圆柱筒部(102)的内部在其纵向方向上固定设置有在直径上相对的两个固定叶片(26),中心轴(21)设置在所述两个固定叶片(26)之间并且与其可转动地密封连接,由此,两个固定叶片(26)和两 Also an outer surface of a conical shape, said inner sleeve (1213) is a conical shape, the inner surface of a cylindrical shape, a cylindrical shape surrounding the cylindrical through-holes are formed (1212) for allowing the central axis (21) therethrough; the forming a sliding surface with lubricity between the outer surface of the conical shape of said conical inner surface of the outer sleeve (1211) and said inner sleeve (1213); and a thrust bearing (29) is divided into upper and lower ring ring, a dial ring and a rotatable portion (23) is connected to the inner ring relative to the upper inwardly projecting annular convex portion is formed, the given liquid conduit (10) disposed in the outer cylindrical surface a circumferential groove, the convex portion embedded within the axial groove, balls provided between the upper ring and the lower ring; the central axis (21) is fixed in its axial direction two opposing rotating blades (22) diameter, and the interior of said cylindrical tubular portion (102) is fixed in its longitudinal direction provided with two stationary blades diametrically opposed (26), (21) disposed central axis seal therewith and pivotally connected between the two fixed blades (26), whereby the two fixed blades (26) and two 旋转叶片(22)将所述圆柱筒部(102)的内部空间分隔为四个密封扇区, 压力进入管(4)的第二端(40)与电磁阀(6)的第一入口连通,电磁阀(6)的第二入口与所述大气连通管(5 )的第二端(50 )连接,电磁阀(6 )的第一出口与第一出口管路(41)连接,第一出口管路(41)分成第一出口支路A (43)和第一出口支路B (42),第一出口支路A(43)和第一出口支路B (42)分别与所述四个密封扇区中在直径上相对的两个扇区连通;电磁阀(6 )的第二出口与第二出口管路(51)连接,第二出口管路(51)分成第二出口支路A(53)和第二出口支路B (52),第二出口支路A (53)和第二出口支路B (52)分别与所述四个密封扇区中在直径上相对的另外两个扇区连通;电磁阀(6)包括两个工作状态,在第一工作状态下,第一入口与第一出口连通,第二入口与第二出口连通;在第二工作状态下,第一入口与第二出口连通,第二 Rotating blades (22) to the inner space of said cylindrical tubular portion (102) is divided into four sectors seal, a pressure inlet pipe (4) second end (40) communicates with the first inlet solenoid valve (6), the solenoid valve (6) is a second inlet and the atmosphere communicating tube (5) a second end (50), a first outlet solenoid valve (6) with a first outlet conduit (41), a first outlet conduit (41) into a first outlet leg A (43) and a first outlet leg B (42), a first outlet branch A (43) and a first outlet leg B (42) respectively, said four two diametrically opposite sectors in a sealed communication sectors; solenoid valve (6) and a second outlet a second outlet conduit (51) connected to a second outlet conduit (51) into a second outlet leg a (53) and a second outlet leg B (52), a second outlet branch a (53) and a second outlet leg B (52) sealed respectively with the four sectors diametrically opposed additional communication two sectors; solenoid valve (6) comprises two operating states, in a first operating state, a first outlet in communication with the first inlet, a second inlet in communication with the second outlet; in the second operating state, the first a second outlet in communication with the inlet, a second 入口与第一出口连通;电磁阀(6)能够在所述两个工作状态下受控地周期性转换; 当工作时,所述压力空气供给装置(7)使得压力腔室(8)内的空气加压,当需要防止絮状杂质附着时,电磁阀(6)工作,当在第一工作状态时,增压的空气通过压力进入管(4)供应到在直径上相对的两个扇区,并且在直径上相对的另外两个扇区与大气连通管(5)连通,从而使得两个旋转叶片(22)以第一方向旋转;当电磁阀(6)转换到第二工作状态时,在直径上相对的两个扇区与大气连通管(5)连通,增压的空气通过压力进入管(4)供应到在直径上相对的所述另外两个扇区,从而使得两个旋转叶片(22)以第二方向旋转;由此,中心轴(21)能够带动所述转动拨动部分(23)和径向延伸连接部(25)周期性往复转动,从而防止絮状杂质附着在汲取过滤装置(20)上。 An inlet in communication with the first outlet; solenoid valve (6) can be controlled periodically converted at the two operating states; when working, the pressure air supply means (7) such that the pressure chamber (8) in the air pressure, when necessary to prevent adhesion of impurities fluff, the solenoid valve (6) work, when in the first operating state, the pressurized air inlet pipe (4) to the two diametrically opposite sectors by a pressure , and the other two sectors, with diametrically opposed atmosphere communicating tube (5) in communication, so that the two rotating blades (22) rotates in a first direction; and when the solenoid valve (6) into a second operating state, two diametrically opposite sector of the atmosphere communicating tube (5) communicates pressurized air pipe (4) to the diametrically opposite sectors by the other two into the pressure, so that the two rotary blade (22) is rotated in a second direction; whereby the central axis (21) can be driven by said rotatable toggle portion (23) and a radially extending connecting portion (25) reciprocally rotated periodically, so as to prevent adhesion of impurities in the fluff draw filter means (20).
CN 201410131849 2014-04-03 2014-04-03 The liquid having a ball thrust bearing and sliding bearing of the cone is given apparatus CN103867496B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2050495U (en) * 1989-06-23 1990-01-03 叶德林 Hand-driven pressure liquid-pumping apparatus
US6953524B2 (en) * 2000-08-29 2005-10-11 Hydro International Plc Screen assembly for combined sewer overflow weir
CN2859042Y (en) * 2005-10-31 2007-01-17 叶直岗 Air pressure oil pumping and conveying unit
CN202526994U (en) * 2012-03-01 2012-11-14 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Filter free of dismantling for cleaning dirt
JP2012241706A (en) * 2011-05-19 2012-12-10 Shuji Kasuga Compressed air power generator
CN103331051A (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-10-02 西安航天泵业有限公司 Hydraulic-driven self-cleaning filter provided with brushes
CN103463860A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-25 安阳市思菲特矿用设备有限公司 Back-washing self-cleaning filtering device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2050495U (en) * 1989-06-23 1990-01-03 叶德林 Hand-driven pressure liquid-pumping apparatus
US6953524B2 (en) * 2000-08-29 2005-10-11 Hydro International Plc Screen assembly for combined sewer overflow weir
CN2859042Y (en) * 2005-10-31 2007-01-17 叶直岗 Air pressure oil pumping and conveying unit
JP2012241706A (en) * 2011-05-19 2012-12-10 Shuji Kasuga Compressed air power generator
CN202526994U (en) * 2012-03-01 2012-11-14 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Filter free of dismantling for cleaning dirt
CN103331051A (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-10-02 西安航天泵业有限公司 Hydraulic-driven self-cleaning filter provided with brushes
CN103463860A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-25 安阳市思菲特矿用设备有限公司 Back-washing self-cleaning filtering device

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