CN103867377A - System device for generating power through water wave force - Google Patents

System device for generating power through water wave force Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103867377A
CN103867377A CN201410121088.2A CN201410121088A CN103867377A CN 103867377 A CN103867377 A CN 103867377A CN 201410121088 A CN201410121088 A CN 201410121088A CN 103867377 A CN103867377 A CN 103867377A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
pipe
flange
accumulator
fluid
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CN201410121088.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
屈波
屈晶钰
张丹
娜孜拉·吐斯布那比
高先林
杜德军
郑源
周大庆
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Hohai University HHU
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Hohai University HHU
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Priority to CN201410121088.2A priority Critical patent/CN103867377A/en
Publication of CN103867377A publication Critical patent/CN103867377A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient

Abstract

The invention relates to a system device for generating power through water wave force. The system device is characterized by being composed of water wave force collecting plates, fluid superchargers, a one-way overflow valve, a water inlet mother tube, a water outlet mother tube, an energy accumulator and a hydraulic power generation set. Batch-type acting force with certain phase difference collected by the multiple water wave force collecting plates installed in front of an embankment is converted into stable specific-flow-direction water flow with pressure through the multiple fluid superchargers, the water flow is continuously delivered to the hydraulic power generating set to do work so that electric energy can be generated, and the electric energy is delivered out through a power grid. The environment-friendly and renewable energy power generation technology is adopted for the system device, the system device can work as long as waves exist, in the working process, not only can environment-friendly electric energy be provided, but also damage of the waves to the embankment can be greatly reduced, the device has high economic benefits and social benefits and has great economic benefits and social benefits for energy constitution, environment friendliness and protection of embankments in China, and the device has wide application prospects and promotional value.

Description

Utilize the system and device of water wave power generating
One, technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of energy conversion system; specifically relate to a kind of system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power; this system and device be by the water wave power on bank collect convert to specific stream to pressure water stream; and then the mechanical energy of promotion water turbine rotation; and drawing generator sends the system and device of electric energy, it is a kind of renewable energy power generation technology of not only having protected bunding but also wave energy being converted to electric energy.
Two, background technique
China is the coastal state of populous, a per capita resources occupancy well below world average level, especially electric power resource.The electric power overwhelming majority of China is produced by the thermoelectricity plant of the fossil fuels such as burning coal at present, and environmental pollution is serious, moreover this fossil fuel is non-renewable.China has very long shore line, the water wave power that is richly stored with energy, and water wave power can be a kind of reproducible clean energy resource; utilize the fertile electric energy of water wave power; not clean energy resource still, and wave collection depressor can also effectively protect bunding, prevents the destruction of wave to bunding.
The present invention be various water wave power collecting boaries is installed on to embankment before, utilize the phase difference of the periodicity active force of wave stroke bunding, by this various intermittent type active forces, change metastable pressure water stream into, provide stable head and flow to hydroelectric generator group, make it to send the device of electric energy, this is a kind of green, renewable energy power generation technology, as long as there is wave, just can work, in the process of work, green electric energy not only can be provided, due to the effect of water wave power collecting board, can also greatly alleviate the destruction of wave to bunding, this device has higher economic benefit and social benefit, to China's energy composition, environmental protection, bunding protection etc. has huge economic benefit and social benefit, have broad application prospects and promotional value.
Three, summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power.
Native system device relates to Wave Theory, Hydrodynamics Theory, fluid machinery, the development of hydroelectric power scheduling theory, utilize the impact force of wave to embankment, utilizing wave to collect power device is collected and is changed into pressure flow body, be transported to fluid conveyer, in fluid conveyer, become one-way flow and enter fluid pressure shock absorber, assemble the pressure flow body in fluid pressure shock absorber, the water turbine that flows through hydroelectric power unit promotes its rotation, and drags the generator being attached thereto and send electric energy.
The object of the invention is to realize by following technological scheme:
A kind of system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that this system and device is made up of water wave power collecting board 1, fluid-charger 2, unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3, the female pipe 4 of water inlet, main water outlet pipe 5, accumulator 6, hydroelectric power unit 7, wherein a water wave power collecting board 1 is connected with the piston operation bar 10 of two fluid-chargers 2; The outlet pipe 20 of fluid-charger 2 is connected with the feed-water end hose joint 23 of unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 by pressure hose, the intake pipe 21 of fluid-charger 2, is connected by the waterexit end hose joint 29 of the unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 of pressure hose and another; The waterexit end hose joint 29 of unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 is connected with the little connecting tube 30 of the female pipe of water inlet of the female pipe 4 of water inlet that flows to accumulator 6 by pressure hose; The feed-water end hose joint 23 of another unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 is connected with the little connecting tube 31 of main water outlet pipe of main water outlet pipe 5 of the tail water section 41 that comes from hydroelectric power unit 7 by pressure hose; The current output terminal that flows to the female pipe 4 of water inlet of accumulator 6 is connected with the water intake 32 of accumulator 6 by flange; The water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 is connected with the inlet segment 39 of hydroelectric power unit 7 by flange; The tail water section 41 of hydroelectric power unit 7 is connected with the current input end of main water outlet pipe 5 by flange, thereby forms water circulation.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described water wave power collecting board 1 is that a side is S type quadrangular plate, top is free end, bottom is hinged by two Floor hinges 8 and ground, near the bi-side in the neutral position at its back side, be provided with two upper hinges 9, hinged with the upper end of the piston operation bar 10 of two fluid-chargers 2 respectively.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described fluid-charger 2 is made up of piston operation bar 10, upper cover 12, bucket wall 15, piston 16, lower cover 19, together with wherein upper cover 12 is tied with bucket wall 15 bolts by lock bolt 13, together with lower cover 19 is tied with bucket wall 15 bolts by lock bolt 13, form one columnar structured; The piston operation bar 10 hinged with in upper hinge 9 in water wave power collecting board 1 one, ties by bolt bolt through smooth circular hole and pistons 16 in the middle of upper cover 12, together in this columnar structured middle motion; There is piston seal ditch 17 in the outside central authorities of piston 16; The centre of the upper cover 12 of fluid-charger 2 has a smooth guide hole, and a side of upper cover 12 is equipped with a pressure-equalizing pipe 11; The lower cover 19 of fluid-charger 2 is equipped with respectively outlet pipe 20 and intake pipe 21, at a hinge 22 of middle part, outside welding of lower cover 19, by this hinge 22, fluid-charger 2 is fixed on the dykes and dams dam foundation.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 is to be threaded connection by feed-water end hose joint 23 and valve body 24, waterexit end hose joint 29 is threaded connection with valve body 24, forms the monnolithic case structure of unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3; Valve body 24 is one and becomes spheroid shape column structure, inner chamber is one and becomes ellipsoid bodily form cavity, in inner chamber, there is a drops spool 25, spool 25 is made local motion along guide rod 26, the lower end of guide rod 26 is connected with the guide rod base 28 of circular anthocyathus by screw thread, guide rod 26 cover has spring 27 and upper end is inserted in spool 25, and guide rod base 28 is pushed down by the waterexit end hose joint 29 being bolted with valve body 24.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that the female pipe 4 of described water inlet is connecting tubes of a cylindrical both ends open of segmented, on this pipe, be welded with the little connecting tube 30 of the female pipe of water inlet that becomes miter angle with tubular axis, the two ends of the female pipe 4 of water inlet are flange, the head end of the female pipe 4 of water inlet blocks, and end is connected with the flange of the water intake 32 of accumulator 6 by flange.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described main water outlet pipe 5 is the cylindrical both ends open formula of segmented connecting tubes, on this pipe, be welded with the little connecting tube 31 of main water outlet pipe that becomes 135 degree angles with tubular axis, the two ends of main water outlet pipe 5 are flange, the end of main water outlet pipe 5 blocks, and head end is connected with the flange of the water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 by flange.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described accumulator 6 is cylindrical pressure tanks, the bi-side, bottom of this pressurized tank have water intake 32 and water outlet 33, liquid level indicator 34 is equipped with in the intermediate portion, side of pressurized tank, the top of pressurized tank is separately installed with pressure gauge 35, safety valve 36, air conditioning method 37, and the bottom of pressurized tank is provided with drain valve 38; Wherein the water intake 32 of accumulator 6 is connected by flange with the end of the female pipe 4 of water inlet; The water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 is connected by flange with the inlet segment 39 of hydroelectric power unit 7.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described hydroelectric power unit 7 is made up of inlet segment 39, unit section 40 and tail water section 41, wherein inlet segment 39 is connected with the water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 by flange, and tail water section 41 is connected with the head end of main water outlet pipe 5 by flange.
The working principle of a kind of device that utilizes water wave force generating system of the present invention: in the time that wave gushes, surge produces thrust to water wave power collecting board 1, water wave power collecting board 1 rotates a little angle along hinge 8 rotations, and then the piston 16 of the piston operation bar 10 that drives fluid-charger 2 by hinge 9 together with tying with it moves downward the i.e. lower cover 19 directions motions to fluid-charger 2, pressure in the epicoele 14 of fluid-charger 2 is due to the effect of pressure-equalizing pipe 11, maintain natural pressure constant, and water pressure in cavity of resorption 18 increases, thereby by outlet pipe 20, enter into the female pipe 4 of water by the little connecting tube 30 of the female pipe of water inlet of intake unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 and the female pipe 4 of water inlet, connect the drops spool 27 in the unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 of water outlet between fluid-charger 2 intake pipes 21 and main water outlet pipe 5, under the effect of spring and water pressure, close, cut off the flow channel between main water outlet pipe 5 and fluid-charger 2 intake pipes 21.Confluxed and next current by numerous fluid-chargers 2, by female pipe 4 of intaking, the water intake 32 in accumulator 6 is transported to accumulator 6, the sealing gas in compressing accumulator 6, and inlet segment 39 pressure of accumulator 6, hydroelectric power unit 7 are raise.
In the time that wave is decorporated, at water wave power collecting board 1 in the effect of hydraulic pressure be arranged under the effect of spring force at hinge 8 places on basis, by the water wave power collecting board 1 original position of rebounding, and be inconjunction with the piston 16 in fluid-charger 2, to the upper cover 12 direction motions of fluid-charger 2, at this moment, because the piston 16 in fluid-charger 2 is to upper cover 12 direction motions, pressure in epicoele 14 is constant because the effect of pressure-equalizing pipe 11 maintains natural pressure, and cavity of resorption 18 internal pressures reduce, the drops spool 27 of intaking in unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3, under the effect of spring and water pressure, close, make to connect the drops spool 27 in the unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 of water inlet between fluid-charger 2 outlet pipes 20 and the female pipe 4 of water inlet, under the effect of spring and water pressure, close, cut off the flow channel between the female pipe 4 of water inlet and the outlet pipe 20 of fluid-charger 2, simultaneously, the unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 of water outlet between intake pipe 21 and the main water outlet pipe 5 of fluid-charger 2 is opened, make the tail water section 41 of hydroelectric power unit 7 and cavity of resorption 18 UNICOMs of main water outlet pipe 5, the unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 of water outlet and fluid-charger 2, water in the tail water section 41 of hydroelectric power unit 7 flow into the cavity of resorption 18 of fluid-charger 2, and makes the pressure decreased in the tail water section 41 of hydroelectric power unit 7.
Numerous water wave power collecting boaries 1 under periodic wave surge, the effect successively of moving back: wave action is poor in different water wave power collecting board 1 life periods, make current constantly be transported to the inlet segment 39 of accumulator 6 and the hydroelectric power unit 7 being connected by flange with it, and maintain high pressure; Simultaneously also make the water of the tail water section 41 of hydroelectric power unit 7 continuously outflow, enter into the cavity of resorption 18 of fluid-charger 2, and maintain the low-pressure in the tail water section 41 of hydroelectric power unit 7.By regulating the flow control mechanism of unit section 40 of hydroelectric power unit 7, make the water wheels unit rotation in the unit section 40 of current red switch hydroelectric power unit 7 of certain pressure, certain flow, and then drive with it by the direct-connected generator of running shaft, send electric energy, complete the process that wave energy is converted to electric energy.
The feature of a kind of device that utilizes water wave force generating system of the present invention is as follows:
Native system device be various water wave power collecting boaries is installed on to embankment before, utilize the phase difference of the periodicity active force of wave stroke bunding, by this various intermittent type active forces, change metastable pressure water stream into, provide stable head and flow to hydroelectric generator group, make it to send the device of electric energy, this is a kind of green, renewable energy power generation technology, as long as there is wave, just can work, in the process of work, green electric energy not only can be provided, due to the effect of water wave power collecting board, can also greatly alleviate the destruction of wave to bunding, this device has higher economic benefit and social benefit, to China's energy composition, environmental protection, bunding protection etc. has huge economic benefit and social benefit, have broad application prospects and promotional value.
Four, accompanying drawing explanation
The apparatus structure schematic diagram that Fig. 1-water wave force generating system is sent out
Fig. 2-water wave power collecting board structural representation, A-left view, B-front view
Fig. 3-fluid-charger structural representation
Fig. 4-unidirectional Restrictor Valves structural representation, the unidirectional Restrictor Valves structural representation of A-, B-guide rod base vertical view
Fig. 5-female tubular construction schematic diagram of intaking
Fig. 6-main water outlet pipe structural representation
Fig. 7-accumulator structure schematic diagram
Fig. 8-hydroelectric power unit structural representation
Reference character:
1-water wave power collecting board,
2-fluid-charger
The unidirectional Restrictor Valves of 3-
The female pipe of 4-water inlet
5-main water outlet pipe
6-accumulator
7-hydroelectric power unit
8-Floor hinge
9-upper hinge
10-piston operation bar
11-pressure-equalizing pipe
12-upper cover
13-lock bolt
14-epicoele
15-bucket wall
16-piston
17-piston seal ditch
18-cavity of resorption
19-lower cover
20-outlet pipe
21-intake pipe
22-hinge
23-feed-water end hose joint
24-valve body
25-spool
26-guide rod
27-spring
28-guide rod base
29-waterexit end hose joint
The little connecting tube of the female pipe of 30-water inlet
The little connecting tube of 31-main water outlet pipe
32-water intake
33-water outlet
34-liquid level indicator
35-pressure gauge
36-safety valve
37-air-regulating valve
38-drain valve
39-inlet segment
40-unit section
41-tail water section
Five, embodiment:
Embodiment 1:
A kind of system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that this system and device is made up of water wave power collecting board 1, fluid-charger 2, unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3, the female pipe 4 of water inlet, main water outlet pipe 5, accumulator 6, hydroelectric power unit 7, wherein a water wave power collecting board 1 is connected with the piston operation bar 10 of two fluid-chargers 2; The outlet pipe 20 of fluid-charger 2 is connected with the feed-water end hose joint 23 of unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 by pressure hose, the intake pipe 21 of fluid-charger 2, is connected by the waterexit end hose joint 29 of the unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 of pressure hose and another; The waterexit end hose joint 29 of unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 is connected with the little connecting tube 30 of the female pipe of water inlet of the female pipe 4 of water inlet that flows to accumulator 6 by pressure hose; The feed-water end hose joint 23 of another unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 is connected with the little connecting tube 31 of main water outlet pipe of main water outlet pipe 5 of the tail water section 41 that comes from hydroelectric power unit 7 by pressure hose; The current output terminal that flows to the female pipe 4 of water inlet of accumulator 6 is connected with the water intake 32 of accumulator 6 by flange; The water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 is connected with the inlet segment 39 of hydroelectric power unit 7 by flange; The tail water section 41 of hydroelectric power unit 7 is connected with the current input end of main water outlet pipe 5 by flange, thereby forms water circulation.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described water wave power collecting board 1 is that a side is S type quadrangular plate, top is free end, bottom is hinged by two Floor hinges 8 and ground, near the bi-side in the neutral position at its back side, be provided with two upper hinges 9, hinged with the upper end of the piston operation bar 10 of two fluid-chargers 2 respectively.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described fluid-charger 2 is made up of piston operation bar 10, upper cover 12, bucket wall 15, piston 16, lower cover 19, together with wherein upper cover 12 is tied with bucket wall 15 bolts by lock bolt 13, together with lower cover 19 is tied with bucket wall 15 bolts by lock bolt 13, form one columnar structured; The piston operation bar 10 hinged with in upper hinge 9 in water wave power collecting board 1 one, ties by bolt bolt through smooth circular hole and pistons 16 in the middle of upper cover 12, together in this columnar structured middle motion; There is piston seal ditch 17 in the outside central authorities of piston 16; The centre of the upper cover 12 of fluid-charger 2 has a smooth guide hole, and a side of upper cover 12 is equipped with a pressure-equalizing pipe 11; The lower cover 19 of fluid-charger 2 is equipped with respectively outlet pipe 20 and intake pipe 21, at a hinge 22 of middle part, outside welding of lower cover 19, by this hinge 22, fluid-charger 2 is fixed on the dykes and dams dam foundation.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 is to be threaded connection by feed-water end hose joint 23 and valve body 24, waterexit end hose joint 29 is threaded connection with valve body 24, forms the monnolithic case structure of unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3; Valve body 24 is one and becomes spheroid shape column structure, inner chamber is one and becomes ellipsoid bodily form cavity, in inner chamber, there is a drops spool 25, spool 25 is made local motion along guide rod 26, the lower end of guide rod 26 is connected with the guide rod base 28 of circular anthocyathus by screw thread, guide rod 26 cover has spring 27 and upper end is inserted in spool 25, and guide rod base 28 is pushed down by the waterexit end hose joint 29 being bolted with valve body 24.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that the female pipe 4 of described water inlet is connecting tubes of a cylindrical both ends open of segmented, on this pipe, be welded with the little connecting tube 30 of the female pipe of water inlet that becomes miter angle with tubular axis, the two ends of the female pipe 4 of water inlet are flange, the head end of the female pipe 4 of water inlet blocks, and end is connected with the flange of the water intake 32 of accumulator 6 by flange.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described main water outlet pipe 5 is the cylindrical both ends open formula of segmented connecting tubes, on this pipe, be welded with the little connecting tube 31 of main water outlet pipe that becomes 135 degree angles with tubular axis, the two ends of main water outlet pipe 5 are flange, the end of main water outlet pipe 5 blocks, and head end is connected with the flange of the water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 by flange.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described accumulator 6 is cylindrical pressure tanks, the bi-side, bottom of this pressurized tank have water intake 32 and water outlet 33, liquid level indicator 34 is equipped with in the intermediate portion, side of pressurized tank, the top of pressurized tank is separately installed with pressure gauge 35, safety valve 36, air conditioning method 37, and the bottom of pressurized tank is provided with drain valve 38; Wherein the water intake 32 of accumulator 6 is connected by flange with the end of the female pipe 4 of water inlet; The water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 is connected by flange with the inlet segment 39 of hydroelectric power unit 7.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described hydroelectric power unit 7 is made up of inlet segment 39, unit section 40 and tail water section 41, wherein inlet segment 39 is connected with the water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 by flange, and tail water section 41 is connected with the head end of main water outlet pipe 5 by flange.
Wherein: it is that 8 millimeters of steel plate compactings form S shape that water wave power collecting board 1 adopts antiseptic thickness, 5 meters of S shape plate face widths, high 2 meters, hinge 8 and hinge 9 are all selected the standard piece with sealing self-lubricating function, hinge 8 is welded on the lower rear both sides of S shape water wave power collecting board 1, hinge 9 is welded near the bi-side in neutral position, the back side of water wave power collecting board 1, two hinges 8 are arranged on respectively in the concrete foundation of bank breakwater, dash skirt that can be folding is equipped with in the bi-side of plate, at two hinge 8 places, a Returnning spring of each installation, two hinges 9 of water wave power collecting board 1 and piston operation bar 10 hinges of two fluid-chargers 2, the present embodiment is installed 500 water wave power collecting boaries 1 altogether.
Fluid-charger 2 is made up of piston operation bar 10, upper cover 12, bucket wall 15, piston 16, lower cover 19, and its piston operation bar 10 adopts 50 millimeters of diameters, and the plain carbon steel that length is 500 millimeters is made, and adopts preservative treatment; Upper cover 12 adopts the class disc-shape of Ordinary Steel casting, inner effective diameter is 300 millimeters, 400 millimeters of outer dias, it is the unthreaded hole of 17 millimeters that surrounding has 8 diameters, together with tying by bolt bolt with the corresponding bolt hole of bucket wall 15, a middle inclined to one side side direction has the screw of a M70, setting pressure balance tube 11; The cylindric Cast Steel of 300 millimeters, high 500 millimeters of the internal diameters of 10 millimeters of bucket wall 15 middle part wall thickness, 50 millimeters of upper and lower two ends wall thickness; It is discoid that the cast steel that piston 16 is 300 mm diameter processes, and presses close to barrel wall place and be processed into one to embed diameter be the piston seal ditch 17 of 5 millimeters of O RunddichtringOs; Lower cover 19 also adopts the class of Ordinary Steel casting discoid, 300 millimeters of internal diameters, 400 millimeters of external diameters, it is the unthreaded hole of 17 millimeters that surrounding has 8 diameters, together with tying by bolt bolt with 8 corresponding bolts hole of bucket wall, hinge of making in the middle of it, schedules on dykes and dams by hinges fixing, the middle both sides of lower cover have two screws of M70, and outlet pipe 20 and intake pipe 21 are installed respectively.Piston operation bar 10 is hinged by one of them in the hinge 9 of hinge and unrestrained power collecting board 1, and hinge 22 is hinged on the ground of dykes and dams; The pressure-equalizing pipe 11 of upper cover 12 is communicated with atmosphere by pressure hose; The outlet pipe 20 of lower cover 19 is communicated with the feed-water end hose joint 23 of unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 by pressure hose, and intake pipe 21 is communicated with the waterexit end hose joint 29 of unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 by pressure hose; The present embodiment is equipped with 1000 fluid-chargers 2.
Unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3, that the internal diameter made by common iron is 120 millimeters of the feed-water end hose joint 23 of the 50 millimeters length of making by screw thread and common iron, diameter is that the preceding thread of the valve body 24 of 80 millimeters ties together, the internal diameter that common iron is made is the monnolithic case structure of the unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 with unidirectional through-flow function of formation together with the waterexit end hose joint 29 of 50 millimeters ties with the rear thread of valve body 24 by screw thread, valve body 24 is one and becomes spheroid shape column structure, inner chamber is that a class becomes ellipsoid bodily form cavity, in inner chamber, having the major axis that a drops is made by Nylon is 90 millimeters, minor axis is the spheroid spool 25 of 60 millimeters, spool 25 can local motion along guide rod 26, guide rod 26 adopts common Corrosion-proof steel products to make, on the circular anthocyathus guide rod base 28 that bolt is made at a Corrosion-proof steel products of being pushed down by waterexit end hose joint 29, on guide rod 26, surface cover has spring 27.The feed-water end hose joint 23 of unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 is communicated with the outlet pipe 20 of fluid-charger 2 by pressure hose, and waterexit end hose joint 29 is communicated with the little connecting tube 30 of the female pipe of water inlet of the female pipe 4 of water inlet by pressure hose; The present embodiment disposes 2000 unidirectional Restrictor Valvess 3, and wherein 1000 are used as the unidirectional Restrictor Valves of water inlet, and other 1000 are used as the unidirectional Restrictor Valves of water outlet.
The female pipe 4 of water inlet and main water outlet pipe 5 are withstand voltage branch liquid collecting delivery pipes, every section adopts thickness is that to roll the internal diameter forming be that 1.5 meters, length are 10 meters, the cylindric pipeline of two ends welding standard flange for the general steel plate of 10 millimeters, on it, evenly have 4 circular holes in a side, becoming the inner diameter of miter angle with female tubular axis line in each circular hole place welding is female little connecting tube 30 or the little connecting tube 31 of main water outlet pipe of managing of water inlet of 50 millimeters.Between every section of female pipe, connect by flange, the head end of the female pipe 4 of first paragraph water inlet, employing thickness is that the circle flat board of 10 millimeters is shut with flange bolt knot, the end of last section main water outlet pipe 5 also adopts thickness to be that the circle of 10 millimeters is dull and stereotyped and shuts with flange bolt knot, the end of last section and the water intake 32 of accumulator 6 of the female pipe 4 of water inlet are connected by flange, and first main water outlet pipe 5 is connected by flange with the tail water section 41 of hydroelectric power unit 7; The little connecting tube 30 of the female pipe of water inlet is connected with the waterexit end hose joint 29 of the unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 of water inlet by pressure hose; The little connecting tube 31 of main water outlet pipe is connected by the feed-water end hose joint 23 of the unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 of pressure hose and water outlet; The present embodiment disposes into each 250 of the female pipe 4 of water and main water outlet pipe 5.
Accumulator 6 is positive pressure containers, and design pressure is no more than 1MPa, adopt thickness be diameter that the general steel plate of 20 millimeters is rolled into be 7.5 meters high be the cylindrical container of 15 meters, tank body circumferential surface adopts concrete to pile up.It is circular water intake 32 and the water outlet 33 of 1.5 meters that the bi-side, bottom of accumulator 6 have with the diameter of standard flange, liquid level indicator 34 is equipped with in the intermediate portion, side of pressurized tank, the top of pressurized tank is separately installed with pressure gauge 35, safety valve 36, the air conditioning method 37 that range is no more than 1MPa, and the bottom of pressurized tank is provided with drain valve 38; Wherein the water intake 32 of accumulator 6 is connected by flange with the end of the female pipe 4 of water inlet; The water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 is connected by flange with the inlet segment 39 of hydroelectric power unit 7; An accumulator 6 of the present embodiment configuration.
Hydroelectric power unit 7 comprises the water turbine of ultra-low specific speed and supporting generator composition with it, and its peak output is about 3500kw, can select synchronous generator directly online or induction generator surf the Net through inversion, its design means maturation; The hydroelectric power unit 7 that the present embodiment configuration is one 3500 kilowatts.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that this system and device is made up of water wave power collecting board 1, fluid-charger 2, unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3, the female pipe 4 of water inlet, main water outlet pipe 5, accumulator 6, hydroelectric power unit 7, wherein a water wave power collecting board 1 is connected with the piston operation bar 10 of two fluid-chargers 2; The outlet pipe 20 of fluid-charger 2 is connected with the feed-water end hose joint 23 of unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 by pressure hose, the intake pipe 21 of fluid-charger 2, is connected by the waterexit end hose joint 29 of the unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 of pressure hose and another; The waterexit end hose joint 29 of unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 is connected with the little connecting tube 30 of the female pipe of water inlet of the female pipe 4 of water inlet that flows to accumulator 6 by pressure hose; The feed-water end hose joint 23 of another unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 is connected with the little connecting tube 31 of main water outlet pipe of main water outlet pipe 5 of the tail water section 41 that comes from hydroelectric power unit 7 by pressure hose; The current output terminal that flows to the female pipe 4 of water inlet of accumulator 6 is connected with the water intake 32 of accumulator 6 by flange; The water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 is connected with the inlet segment 39 of hydroelectric power unit 7 by flange; The tail water section 41 of hydroelectric power unit 7 is connected with the current input end of main water outlet pipe 5 by flange, thereby forms water circulation.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described water wave power collecting board 1 is that a side is S type quadrangular plate, top is free end, bottom is hinged by two Floor hinges 8 and ground, near the bi-side in the neutral position at its back side, be provided with two upper hinges 9, hinged with the upper end of the piston operation bar 10 of two fluid-chargers 2 respectively.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described fluid-charger 2 is made up of piston operation bar 10, upper cover 12, bucket wall 15, piston 16, lower cover 19, together with wherein upper cover 12 is tied with bucket wall 15 bolts by lock bolt 13, together with lower cover 19 is tied with bucket wall 15 bolts by lock bolt 13, form one columnar structured; The piston operation bar 10 hinged with in upper hinge 9 in water wave power collecting board 1 one, ties by bolt bolt through smooth circular hole and pistons 16 in the middle of upper cover 12, together in this columnar structured middle motion; There is piston seal ditch 17 in the outside central authorities of piston 16; The centre of the upper cover 12 of fluid-charger 2 has a smooth guide hole, and a side of upper cover 12 is equipped with a pressure-equalizing pipe 11; The lower cover 19 of fluid-charger 2 is equipped with respectively outlet pipe 20 and intake pipe 21, at a hinge 22 of middle part, outside welding of lower cover 19, by this hinge 22, fluid-charger 2 is fixed on the dykes and dams dam foundation.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 is to be threaded connection by feed-water end hose joint 23 and valve body 24, waterexit end hose joint 29 is threaded connection with valve body 24, forms the monnolithic case structure of unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3; Valve body 24 is one and becomes spheroid shape column structure, inner chamber is one and becomes ellipsoid bodily form cavity, in inner chamber, there is a drops spool 25, spool 25 is made local motion along guide rod 26, the lower end of guide rod 26 is connected with the guide rod base 28 of circular anthocyathus by screw thread, guide rod 26 cover has spring 27 and upper end is inserted in spool 25, and guide rod base 28 is pushed down by the waterexit end hose joint 29 being bolted with valve body 24.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that the female pipe 4 of described water inlet is connecting tubes of a cylindrical both ends open of segmented, on this pipe, be welded with the little connecting tube 30 of the female pipe of water inlet that becomes miter angle with tubular axis, the two ends of the female pipe 4 of water inlet are flange, the head end of the female pipe 4 of water inlet blocks, and end is connected with the flange of the water intake 32 of accumulator 6 by flange.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described main water outlet pipe 5 is the cylindrical both ends open formula of segmented connecting tubes, on this pipe, be welded with the little connecting tube 31 of main water outlet pipe that becomes 135 degree angles with tubular axis, the two ends of main water outlet pipe 5 are flange, the end of main water outlet pipe 5 blocks, and head end is connected with the flange of the water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 by flange.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described accumulator 6 is cylindrical pressure tanks, the bi-side, bottom of this pressurized tank have water intake 32 and water outlet 33, liquid level indicator 34 is equipped with in the intermediate portion, side of pressurized tank, the top of pressurized tank is separately installed with pressure gauge 35, safety valve 36, air conditioning method 37, and the bottom of pressurized tank is provided with drain valve 38; Wherein the water intake 32 of accumulator 6 is connected by flange with the end of the female pipe 4 of water inlet; The water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 is connected by flange with the inlet segment 39 of hydroelectric power unit 7.
The described system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power, it is characterized in that described hydroelectric power unit 7 is made up of inlet segment 39, unit section 40 and tail water section 41, wherein inlet segment 39 is connected with the water outlet 33 of accumulator 6 by flange, and tail water section 41 is connected with the head end of main water outlet pipe 5 by flange.
Wherein: water wave power collecting board 1 is made same embodiment 1, the present embodiment is installed 1000 water wave power collecting boaries 1 altogether.
Fluid-charger 2 is made same embodiment 1, and the present embodiment is equipped with 2000 fluid-chargers 2.
Unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 is made same embodiment 1, and the present embodiment disposes 4000 unidirectional Restrictor Valvess 3, and wherein 2000 are used as the unidirectional Restrictor Valves of water inlet, and other 2000 are used as the unidirectional Restrictor Valves 3 of water outlet.
The female pipe 4 of water inlet and main water outlet pipe 5 are made same embodiment 1, and the present embodiment disposes into each 500 of the female pipe 4 of water and main water outlet pipe 5.
Accumulator 6 is made same embodiment 1, an accumulator 6 of the present embodiment configuration.
Hydroelectric power unit 7 is made same embodiment 1, the hydroelectric power unit 7 that the present embodiment configuration is 7000 kilowatts.

Claims (8)

1. one kind is utilized the system and device of water wave power generating, it is characterized in that this system and device is made up of the unidirectional Restrictor Valves of water wave power collecting board (1) fluid-charger (2) (3), the female pipe of water inlet (4), main water outlet pipe (5), accumulator (6), hydroelectric power unit (7), wherein a water wave power collecting board (1) is connected with the piston operation bar (10) of two fluid-chargers (2); The outlet pipe (20) of fluid-charger (2) is connected with the feed-water end hose joint (23) of unidirectional Restrictor Valves (3) by pressure hose, the intake pipe (21) of fluid-charger (2), is connected by the waterexit end hose joint (29) of the unidirectional Restrictor Valves of pressure hose and another (3); The waterexit end hose joint (29) of unidirectional Restrictor Valves (3) is connected with the water inlet little connecting tube of female pipe (30) of the female pipe of water inlet (4) that flows to accumulator (6) by pressure hose; The feed-water end hose joint (23) of another unidirectional Restrictor Valves (3) is connected with the little connecting tube of main water outlet pipe (31) of main water outlet pipe (5) of the tail water section (41) that comes from hydroelectric power unit (7) by pressure hose; The current output terminal that flows to the female pipe of water inlet (4) of accumulator (6) is connected with the water intake (32) of accumulator (6) by flange; The water outlet (33) of accumulator (6) is connected with the inlet segment (39) of hydroelectric power unit (7) by flange; The tail water section (41) of hydroelectric power unit (7) is connected with the current input end of main water outlet pipe (5) by flange, thereby forms water circulation.
2. the system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described water wave power collecting board (1) is that a side is S type quadrangular plate, top is free end, bottom is hinged by two Floor hinges (8) and ground, near the bi-side in the neutral position at its back side, be provided with two upper hinges (9), hinged with the upper end of the piston operation bar (10) of two fluid-chargers (2) respectively.
3. the system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described fluid-charger (2) is made up of piston operation bar (10), upper cover (12), bucket wall (15), piston (16), lower cover (19), together with wherein upper cover (12) is tied with bucket wall (15) bolt by lock bolt (13), together with lower cover (19) is tied with bucket wall (15) bolt by lock bolt (13), form one columnar structured; The piston operation bar (10) hinged with in upper hinge (9) in water wave power collecting board (1) one, ties by bolt bolt through smooth circular hole and piston (16) in the middle of upper cover (12), together in this columnar structured middle motion; There is piston seal ditch (17) in the outside central authorities of piston (16); The centre of the upper cover (12) of fluid-charger (2) has a smooth guide hole, and a side of upper cover (12) is equipped with a pressure-equalizing pipe (11); The lower cover (19) of fluid-charger (2) is equipped with respectively outlet pipe (20) and intake pipe (21), at an outside middle part hinge of welding (22) of lower cover (19), by this hinge (22), fluid-charger (2) is fixed on the dykes and dams dam foundation.
4. the system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described unidirectional Restrictor Valves (3) is to be threaded connection by feed-water end hose joint (23) and valve body (24), waterexit end hose joint (29) is threaded connection with valve body (24), forms the monnolithic case structure of unidirectional Restrictor Valves (3); Valve body (24) is one and becomes spheroid shape column structure, inner chamber is one and becomes ellipsoid bodily form cavity, in inner chamber, there is a drops spool (25), spool (25) is made local motion along guide rod (26), the lower end of guide rod (26) is connected with the guide rod base (28) of circular anthocyathus by screw thread, guide rod (26) cover has spring (27) and upper end is inserted in spool (25), and guide rod base (28) is pushed down by the waterexit end hose joint (29) being bolted with valve body (24).
5. the system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the female pipe of described water inlet (4) is the connecting tube of a cylindrical both ends open of segmented, on this pipe, be welded with the water inlet little connecting tube of female pipe (30) that becomes miter angle with tubular axis, the two ends of the female pipe of water inlet (4) are flange, the head end of the female pipe of water inlet (4) blocks, and end is connected with the flange of the water intake (32) of accumulator (6) by flange.
6. the system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described main water outlet pipe (5) is the cylindrical both ends open formula of a segmented connecting tube, on this pipe, be welded with the little connecting tube of main water outlet pipe (31) that becomes 135 degree angles with tubular axis, the two ends of main water outlet pipe (5) are flange, the end of main water outlet pipe (5) blocks, and head end is connected with the flange of the water outlet (33) of accumulator (6) by flange.
7. the system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described accumulator (6) is a cylindrical pressure tank, the bi-side, bottom of this pressurized tank have water intake (32) and water outlet (33), liquid level indicator (34) is equipped with in the intermediate portion, side of pressurized tank, the top of pressurized tank is separately installed with pressure gauge (35), safety valve (36), air conditioning method (37), and the bottom of pressurized tank is provided with drain valve (38); Wherein the water intake (32) of accumulator (6) is connected by flange with the end of the female pipe of water inlet (4); The water outlet (33) of accumulator (6) is connected by flange with the inlet segment (39) of hydroelectric power unit (7).
8. the system and device that utilizes the generating of water wave power according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described hydroelectric power unit (7) is made up of inlet segment (39), unit section (40) and tail water section (41), wherein inlet segment (39) is connected with the water outlet (33) of accumulator (6) by flange, and tail water section (41) is connected with the head end of main water outlet pipe (5) by flange.
CN201410121088.2A 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 System device for generating power through water wave force Pending CN103867377A (en)

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CN108953041A (en) * 2018-07-05 2018-12-07 西北农林科技大学 It is a kind of to use wave energy generating set
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