CN103866733A - Road snow and ice cleaner - Google Patents

Road snow and ice cleaner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103866733A
CN103866733A CN201410107607.XA CN201410107607A CN103866733A CN 103866733 A CN103866733 A CN 103866733A CN 201410107607 A CN201410107607 A CN 201410107607A CN 103866733 A CN103866733 A CN 103866733A
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China
Prior art keywords
snow
outlet tube
ice
articulated jib
plane bearing
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CN201410107607.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103866733B (en
Inventor
李健
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李健
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Priority to CN201410107607.XA priority Critical patent/CN103866733B/en
Publication of CN103866733A publication Critical patent/CN103866733A/en
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Publication of CN103866733B publication Critical patent/CN103866733B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a road snow and ice cleaner, in particular to a snow and ice cleaner for cleaning ice and compacted accumulated or floating snow on a road surface. The road snow and ice cleaner comprises a rack and a transmission mechanism; multiple groups of ice and snow cleaning devices are arranged below the rack; each group of ice and snow cleaning device is provided with a central rotary shaft and rotates by taking the central rotary shaft as the center; two adjacent groups of ice and snow devices are rotated in the opposite directions. Each ice and snow cleaning device is formed by a turntable and multiple cleaning mechanisms arranged around the turntable. The road snow and ice cleaner can be used for effectively sweeping uncompacted snow, hard ice and snow on the road surface, and is reasonable in structure, economic and practical, and the snow removing efficiency is improved.

Description

Multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine, especially a kind of for removing the multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine of ice on pavement of road, compacting snow or floating snow.
Background technology
In the winter of the northern area of China, after snowing, road ice and snow covers, and vehicle is obstructed, and has inconvenient traffic.Can remove in time on the road of accumulated snow, can utilize existing ridding machines to remove also uncompacted accumulated snow, but on the road that can not clear the snow in time, as city and countryside passing road on accumulated snow, under car constantly rolls, it is smooth and hard that accumulated snow becomes, advance and brought many potential safety hazards to vehicle in this case, in order to address this problem, be badly in need of wanting one can effectively clear away also uncompacted snow, can remove again the hard ice and snow of road surface Smooth, high, the economical and practical snow and ice clearing machine of the efficiency that clears the snow.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide one can effectively clear away also uncompacted snow, can remove again the hard ice and snow of road surface Smooth, improve the efficiency that clears the snow, rational in infrastructure and economical and practical multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine.
The invention discloses a kind of multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine, comprise frame 1, transmission mechanism 2, it is characterized in that described frame 1 below is provided with the ice-snow clearing device 4 of many groups, the ice-snow clearing device 4 of every group is provided with central rotating shaft 3, centered by central rotating shaft 3, rotate, wherein two groups of adjacent ice-snow clearing devices 4 rotate backward relatively;
Described every group of ice-snow clearing device 4 is made up of rotating disk 7 and multiple cleaning machine of being installed on rotating disk 7 surroundings, the structure of multiple described cleaning machines all comprises linking arm, is located at the deicer that clears the snow of linking arm lower end, the structure of the described deicer that clears the snow is: comprise the ice remover 5 that hollow triangular prism forms and be located at many ice removing blades 20 on hollow triangular prism, described ice remover 5 is fixedly connected with linking arm, and ice remover 5 is obliquely installed with respect to vertical direction, many described ice removing blades 20 are vertically obliquely installed in the one side forward of hollow triangular prism;
Or described in the clear the snow structure of deicer be: the broom 23 that sweeps away snow, there is no hard ice face, only have on the road of floating snow and can use broom work.
The structure of described linking arm is " U " type elasticity bent plate 6;
Or the structure of described linking arm is: comprise that two are fixed on rotating disk below and spaced riser 11 arranged side by side, between two described risers 11, be provided with articulated jib 12, articulated jib 12 is hinged with riser 11, can rotate up and down, the described deicer that clears the snow is located at articulated jib 12 lower ends, and the below of riser 11 is provided with can block the block that articulated jib 12 moves down; Between described articulated jib 12 and described rotating disk 7, be provided with stage clip 14;
Or the structure of described linking arm is: comprise that two are fixed on rotating disk below and spaced riser 11 arranged side by side, between two described risers 11, be provided with articulated jib 12, articulated jib 12 is hinged with riser 11, can rotate up and down, the described deicer that clears the snow is located at articulated jib 12 lower ends, and the below of riser 11 is provided with can block the block 13 that articulated jib 12 moves down; Described articulated jib 12 is provided with vertical rod 15, between vertical rod 15 upper ends and block 13, is provided with extension spring 16;
Or the structure of described linking arm is: comprise that two are fixed on rotating disk below and spaced riser 11 arranged side by side, between two described risers 11, be provided with articulated jib 12, articulated jib 12 is hinged with riser 11, can rotate up and down, the described deicer that clears the snow is located at articulated jib 12 lower ends, and the below of riser 11 is provided with can block the block 13 that articulated jib 12 moves down; Described articulated jib 12 is provided with torsion spring 17 and torsion spring block 18 with riser 11 hinged places;
Or the structure of described linking arm is: comprise that two are fixed on rotating disk below and spaced riser 11 arranged side by side, between two described risers 11, be provided with articulated jib 12, articulated jib 12 is hinged with riser 11, can rotate up and down, the described deicer that clears the snow is located at articulated jib 12 lower ends, articulated jib 12 tops are provided with " U " type elasticity bent plate 6, and " U " type elasticity bent plate 6 upper ends and rotating disk are fixed, and lower end and articulated jib 12 are fixing.
Or the structure of described linking arm is: comprise the axle sleeve I 47 being fixed on rotating disk, be provided with cutter shaft I 48 in axle sleeve I 47, in described cutter shaft I 48, cover has stage clip I 46, and described cutter shaft I 48 below external parts are connected with ice remover 5;
Or the structure of described linking arm is: comprise the axle sleeve II 50 being fixed on rotating disk, in axle sleeve II 50, be provided with cutter shaft II 51, described cutter shaft II 51 external part both sides, top are provided with extension spring I 49, the lower end of extension spring I 49 is fixedly connected with the lower end of axle sleeve II 50, and described cutter shaft II 51 below external parts are connected with ice remover 5.
The hollow interior of described ice remover 5 hollow triangular prisms is preferably filled with Hardmetal materials 22.
Described cleaning machine is installed on rotating disk 7, can according to the difference of cleaning machine towards, magnitude setting is 2~8.Before and after described ice-snow clearing device 4 can be in frame, two rankings are put and are crisscross arranged.
On many described ice removing blades 20, be preferably provided with sawtooth 21.
The ice-snow clearing device top of described many groups being preferably provided with the cover 24 that clears the snow, described in cover 24 both sides of clearing the snow be provided with the hoist cylinder 25 of unified action, described hoist cylinder 25 belows are provided with anti-shape wheel I 28.
Described four sides of clearing the snow cover 24 is preferably provided with snow board 27, and described snow board 27 belows are provided with anti-shape wheel II 26.
On the described cover 24 that clears the snow, be preferably provided with snow outlet tube 30, described snow outlet tube 30 is connected with the cover 24 that clears the snow by base 33, described base 33 is provided with snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion, described snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion is to form like this: comprise the plane bearing 40 being connected with base 33, the plane bearing 40-3 of lower floor of described plane bearing 40 is fixedly connected with base 33, upper strata plane bearing 40-1 is fixedly connected with snow outlet tube 30, described snow outlet tube 40 1 circles are provided with an outer ring teeth 45, the outer travelling gear 41 that is provided with of snow outlet tube 30, described travelling gear 41 is meshed with described cylinder outer ring teeth 45,
Or described snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion is such formation: comprise the plane bearing 40 being connected with base 33, the plane bearing 40-3 of lower floor of described plane bearing 40 is fixedly connected with base 33, upper strata plane bearing 40-1 is fixedly connected with snow outlet tube 30, described snow outlet tube 30 lower ends are fixedly connected with circle gear 43, snow outlet tube 30 is outer is provided with a travelling gear 41, and described travelling gear 41 is meshed with described circle gear 43.
On the described cover 24 that clears the snow, be preferably provided with snow outlet tube 30, described snow outlet tube 30 is connected with the cover 24 that clears the snow by base 33, described base 33 is provided with snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion, described snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion is to form like this: comprise the plane bearing 40 being connected with base 33, the plane bearing 40-3 of lower floor of described plane bearing 40 is fixedly connected with base 33, upper strata plane bearing 40-1 is fixedly connected with snow outlet tube 30, described snow outlet tube 30 1 circles are provided with an outer ring teeth 45, the outer travelling gear 41 that is provided with of snow outlet tube 30, described travelling gear 41 is meshed with described cylinder outer ring teeth 45.
Or described snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion is such formation: comprise the plane bearing 40 being connected with base 33, the plane bearing 40-3 of lower floor of described plane bearing 40 is fixedly connected with base 33, upper strata plane bearing 40-1 is fixedly connected with snow outlet tube 30, described snow outlet tube 30 lower ends are fixedly connected with circle gear 43, snow outlet tube 30 is outer is provided with a travelling gear 41, and described travelling gear 41 is meshed with described circle gear 43.
Described snow outlet tube 30 is preferably made up of upper snow outlet tube 35, lower snow outlet tube 34 two parts, between upper snow outlet tube 35 and lower snow outlet tube 34, be provided with lift governor motion, described lift governor motion comprises upper rack posts 36, lower fulcrum bar 38, wherein one end of described upper and lower two poles is hinged, the other end is fixedly connected with upper snow outlet tube 35, lower snow outlet tube 34 respectively, is provided with regulates bracing wire 39 at the middle part of lower fulcrum bar 38.
The clear the snow use of cover, the ice that can make to remove, avenging can be towards splashing from all directions, utilizes snow outlet tube can make the snow of removing blow towards fixed-direction.
Snow and ice clearing machine provided by the present invention, walking is on ice and snow road, locomotive drives the ice-snow clearing device of many groups by transmission mechanism, all centered by central rotating shaft, rotate, wherein two groups of adjacent ice-snow clearing devices rotate backward relatively, the rotation of ice-snow clearing device drives the rotation of each cleaning machine, and the ice remover on cleaning machine can be cut in the ice and snow of ground, and it is carried out to fragmentation.
Described frame is provided with the cover that clears the snow, cover on the ice-snow clearing devices of many groups, described in the cover that clears the snow be provided with snow outlet tube.Preferably also be provided with snow board and anti-shape wheel, can make like this, under the effect along with rotatory inertia of ice and snow that fragmentation gets off, to dish out towards the direction of snow outlet tube.Described snow outlet tube is preferably made up of upper snow outlet tube, lower snow outlet tube two parts, can regulate by being located at the adjusting bracing wire at lower fulcrum bar middle part the relative position of upper snow outlet tube and lower snow outlet tube, adjusts the lift of snow.The snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion being provided with by described base, can realize snow outlet tube towards angle, for the work of clearing the snow offers convenience.
When the structure of the described deicer that clears the snow is when sweeping away snow broom, there is no hard ice face, only having on the floating road of avenging and can use broom work, can utilize the cover that clears the snow to prevent kicking up of dust, effectively prevent air pollution, further the generation that prevents haze weather is offered help.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has can effectively abolish ice and snow, especially high to ground hard ice and snow Ex-all rate, can effectively clear away also uncompacted snow and dust, greatly increase work efficiency, use manpower and material resources sparingly, have advantages of rational in infrastructure and economical and practical.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 1 complete machine.
Fig. 2 is the side-looking structural representation of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the position relationship schematic diagram that cleaning machine is longitudinally arranged at rotating disk below.
Fig. 4 is the position relationship schematic diagram that cleaning machine is horizontally set at rotating disk below.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 2 cleaning machines and frame annexation.
Fig. 6 is the side-looking structural representation of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 3 cleaning machines and frame annexation.
Fig. 8 is the side-looking structural representation of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 3 cleaning machines and frame annexation.
Figure 10 is the side-looking structural representation of Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of ice remover of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of ice remover in another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of ice remover in embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the wherein structural representation of cleaning machine and frame annexation in a kind of embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 15 is the annexation structural representation of being with the cover that clears the snow in the present invention.
Figure 16 is Figure 15 side-looking structural representation.
Figure 17 is the annexation structural representation of being with clear the snow cover and snow outlet tube in the present invention.
Figure 18 is Figure 17 side-looking structural representation.
Figure 19 is the annexation structural representation of snow outlet tube and base.
Figure 20 is Figure 19 plan structure schematic diagram.
Figure 21 is the another kind of annexation structural representation of snow outlet tube and base.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of cleaning machine and frame annexation in the embodiment of the present invention 15.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of ice-snow clearing device and frame annexation in the embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of ice-snow clearing device and frame annexation in the embodiment of the present invention 16.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of ice-snow clearing device and frame annexation in the embodiment of the present invention 17.
Shown in figure: 1 is frame, 2 is transmission mechanism, rotating shaft centered by 3, 4 is ice-snow clearing device, 5 is ice remover, 6 is " U " type elasticity bent plate, 7 is rotating disk, 8 is fixed head, 9 is fixed head elbow, 10 is elbow, 11 is riser, 12 is articulated jib, 13 is block, 14 is stage clip, 15 is vertical rod, 16 is extension spring, 17 is torsion spring, 18 is torsion spring block, 19 is jointed shaft, 20 is ice removing blade, 21 is sawtooth, 22 is Hardmetal materials, 23 is the broom that sweeps away snow, 24 is the cover that clears the snow, 25 is hoist cylinder, 26 is anti-shape wheel I, 27 is snow board, 28 is anti-shape wheel II, 29 is anti-shape spring, 30 is snow outlet tube, 32 is motor, 33 is base, 34 is lower snow outlet tube, 35 is upper snow outlet tube, 36 is upper rack posts, 37 is pin joint, 38 is lower fulcrum bar, 39 for regulating bracing wire, 40 is plane bearing, 40-1 is upper strata plane bearing, 40-2 is plane bearing ball layer, 40-3 is lower floor's plane bearing, 41 is travelling gear, 42 is hold-down screw, 43 is circle gear, 44 is backup washer, 45 is cylinder outer ring teeth, 46 is stage clip I, 47 is axle sleeve I, 48 is cutter shaft I, 49 is extension spring I, 50 is axle sleeve II, 51 is cutter shaft II.Shown in figure, solid arrow represents the direction of motion.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
With reference to Fig. 1-2 1, a kind of multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine, comprise frame 1, transmission mechanism 2, described frame 1 below is provided with the ice-snow clearing device 4 of many groups, the ice-snow clearing device 4 of every group is provided with central rotating shaft 3, centered by central rotating shaft 3, rotate, wherein two groups of adjacent ice-snow clearing devices 4 rotate backward relatively;
Described every group of ice-snow clearing device 4 is made up of rotating disk 7 and multiple cleaning machine of being installed on rotating disk 7 surroundings, the structure of multiple described cleaning machines all comprises linking arm, is located at the deicer that clears the snow of linking arm lower end, the structure of the described deicer that clears the snow is: comprise the ice remover 5 that hollow triangular prism forms and be located at many ice removing blades 20 on hollow triangular prism, described ice remover 5 is fixedly connected with linking arm, and ice remover 5 is obliquely installed with respect to vertical direction, many described ice removing blades 20 are vertically obliquely installed in the one side forward of hollow triangular prism;
The structure of described linking arm is " U " type elasticity bent plate 6;
Described cleaning machine is installed on rotating disk 7, and longitudinally magnitude setting is 2.
Embodiment 2:
Compared with embodiment 1, the structure of the deicer that clears the snow described in the difference of the present embodiment is is the broom 23 that sweeps away snow, as shown in figure 14.Described cleaning machine is installed on rotating disk 7, and longitudinally magnitude setting is 4, as shown in Figure 3.
Embodiment 3:
Compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is that the structure of described linking arm is: comprise two spaced risers 11 arranged side by side, between two described risers 11, be provided with articulated jib 12, articulated jib 12 is hinged with riser 11, can rotate up and down, the described deicer that clears the snow is located at articulated jib 12 lower ends, and the below of riser 11 is provided with can block the block that articulated jib 12 moves down; Between described articulated jib 12 and described rotating disk 7, be provided with stage clip 14, as shown in Figure 5,6; Described cleaning machine is installed on rotating disk 7, and horizontally set quantity is 2, as shown in Figure 4.
Embodiment 4:
Compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is that the structure of described linking arm is: comprise two spaced risers 11 arranged side by side, between two described risers 11, be provided with articulated jib 12, articulated jib 12 is hinged with riser 11, can rotate up and down, the described deicer that clears the snow is located at articulated jib 12 lower ends, and the below of riser 11 is provided with can block the block 13 that articulated jib 12 moves down; Described articulated jib 12 is provided with vertical rod 15, is provided with extension spring 16, as shown in Figure 7,8 between vertical rod 15 upper ends and block 13; Described cleaning machine is installed on rotating disk 7, and longitudinally magnitude setting is 6.Before and after described ice-snow clearing device 4 can be in frame, two rankings are put and are crisscross arranged.As shown in figure 23.
Embodiment 5:
Compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is that the structure of described linking arm is: comprise two spaced risers 11 arranged side by side, between two described risers 11, be provided with articulated jib 12, articulated jib 12 is hinged with riser 11, can rotate up and down, the described deicer that clears the snow is located at articulated jib 12 lower ends, and the below of riser 11 is provided with can block the block 13 that articulated jib 12 moves down; Described articulated jib 12 is provided with torsion spring 17 and torsion spring block 18 with riser 11 hinged places, as shown in Fig. 9,10.Described cleaning machine is installed on rotating disk 7, and longitudinally magnitude setting is 8.
Embodiment 6:
Compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is that the hollow interior of described ice remover 5 hollow triangular prisms is filled with Hardmetal materials 22, as shown in figure 13.
Embodiment 7:
Compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is that many described ice removing blades 20 are provided with sawtooth 21, as shown in figure 12.
Embodiment 8:
Compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is that the ice-snow clearing device top of described many groups is provided with the cover 24 that clears the snow, described cover 24 both sides of clearing the snow are provided with the hoist cylinder 25 of unified action, and described hoist cylinder 25 belows are provided with anti-shape wheel I 28, as shown in Figure 15, Figure 16.
Embodiment 9:
Compared with embodiment 8, the four sides of the cover 24 that clears the snow described in the difference of the present embodiment is is provided with snow board 27, and described snow board 27 belows are provided with anti-shape wheel II 26.
Embodiment 10:
Compared with embodiment 9, the cover 24 that clears the snow described in the difference of the present embodiment is is provided with snow outlet tube 30, described snow outlet tube 30 is connected with the cover 24 that clears the snow by base 33, described base 33 is provided with snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion, described snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion is to form like this: comprise the plane bearing 40 being connected with base 33, the plane bearing 40-3 of lower floor of described plane bearing 40 is fixedly connected with base 33, upper strata plane bearing 40-1 is fixedly connected with snow outlet tube 30, described snow outlet tube 40 1 circles are provided with an outer ring teeth 45, the outer travelling gear 41 that is provided with of snow outlet tube 30, described travelling gear 41 is meshed with described cylinder outer ring teeth 45,
Embodiment 11:
Compared with embodiment 10, the difference of the present embodiment is that described snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion is such formation: comprise the plane bearing 40 being connected with base 33, the plane bearing 40-3 of lower floor of described plane bearing 40 is fixedly connected with base 33, upper strata plane bearing 40-1 is fixedly connected with snow outlet tube 30, described snow outlet tube 30 lower ends are fixedly connected with circle gear 43, the outer travelling gear 41 that is provided with of snow outlet tube 30, described travelling gear 41 is meshed with described circle gear 43, as shown in Figure 19,20.
Embodiment 12:
Compared with embodiment 10, the cover 24 that clears the snow described in the difference of the present embodiment is is provided with snow outlet tube 30, described snow outlet tube 30 is connected with the cover 24 that clears the snow by base 33, described base 33 is provided with snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion, described snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion is to form like this: comprise the plane bearing 40 being connected with base 33, the plane bearing 40-3 of lower floor of described plane bearing 40 is fixedly connected with base 33, upper strata plane bearing 40-1 is fixedly connected with snow outlet tube 30, described snow outlet tube 30 1 circles are provided with an outer ring teeth 45, the outer travelling gear 41 that is provided with of snow outlet tube 30, described travelling gear 41 is meshed with described cylinder outer ring teeth 45, as shown in figure 21.
Embodiment 13:
Compared with embodiment 12, the difference of the present embodiment is that described snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion is such formation: comprise the plane bearing 40 being connected with base 33, the plane bearing 40-3 of lower floor of described plane bearing 40 is fixedly connected with base 33, upper strata plane bearing 40-1 is fixedly connected with snow outlet tube 30, described snow outlet tube 30 lower ends are fixedly connected with circle gear 43, snow outlet tube 30 is outer is provided with a travelling gear 41, and described travelling gear 41 is meshed with described circle gear 43.
Embodiment 14:
Compared with embodiment 12, the difference of the present embodiment is that described snow outlet tube 30 is made up of upper snow outlet tube 35, lower snow outlet tube 34 two parts, between upper snow outlet tube 35 and lower snow outlet tube 34, be provided with lift governor motion, described lift governor motion comprises upper rack posts 36, lower fulcrum bar 38, wherein one end of described upper and lower two poles is hinged, the other end is fixedly connected with upper snow outlet tube 35, lower snow outlet tube 34 respectively, is provided with and regulates bracing wire 39, as shown in figure 18 at the middle part of lower fulcrum bar 38.
Embodiment 15:
Compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is that the structure of described linking arm is: comprise that two are fixed on rotating disk below and spaced riser 11 arranged side by side, between two described risers 11, be provided with articulated jib 12, articulated jib 12 is hinged with riser 11, can rotate up and down, described in the deicer that clears the snow be located at articulated jib 12 lower ends, articulated jib 12 tops are provided with " U " type elasticity bent plate 6, " U " type elasticity bent plate 6 upper ends and rotating disk are fixed, and lower end and articulated jib 12 are fixing.As shown in figure 22.
Embodiment 16:
Compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is that the structure of described linking arm is: comprise the axle sleeve I 47 being fixed on rotating disk, in axle sleeve I 47, be provided with cutter shaft I 48, in described cutter shaft I 48, cover has stage clip I 46, and described cutter shaft I 48 below external parts are connected with ice remover 5.
Embodiment 17:
Compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is that the structure of described linking arm is: comprise the axle sleeve II 50 being fixed on rotating disk, in axle sleeve II 50, be provided with cutter shaft II 51, described cutter shaft II 51 external part both sides, top are provided with extension spring I 49, the lower end of extension spring I 49 is fixedly connected with the lower end of axle sleeve II 50, and described cutter shaft II 51 below external parts are connected with ice remover 5.

Claims (10)

1. a multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine, comprise frame (1), transmission mechanism (2), it is characterized in that described frame (1) below is provided with the ice-snow clearing device (4) of many groups, the ice-snow clearing device (4) of every group is provided with central rotating shaft (3), centered by central rotating shaft (3), rotate, wherein adjacent two groups of ice-snow clearing devices (4) rotate backward relatively;
Described every group of ice-snow clearing device (4) is made up of rotating disk (7) and the multiple cleaning machine that is installed on rotating disk (7) surrounding, the structure of multiple described cleaning machines all comprises linking arm, be located at the deicer that clears the snow of linking arm lower end, the structure of the described deicer that clears the snow is: comprise the ice remover (5) that hollow triangular prism forms and be located at many ice removing blades (20) on hollow triangular prism, described ice remover (5) is fixedly connected with linking arm, and ice remover (5) is obliquely installed with respect to vertical direction, many described ice removing blades (20) are vertically obliquely installed in the one side forward of hollow triangular prism,
Or described in the clear the snow structure of deicer be: the broom that sweeps away snow (23).
2. multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine as claimed in claim 1, the structure that it is characterized in that described linking arm is " U " type elasticity bent plate (6);
Or the structure of described linking arm is: comprise that two are fixed on rotating disk below and spaced riser arranged side by side (11), between two described risers (11), be provided with articulated jib (12), articulated jib (12) is hinged with riser (11), can rotate up and down, the described deicer that clears the snow is located at articulated jib (12) lower end, and the below of riser (11) is provided with can block the block that articulated jib (12) moves down; Between described articulated jib (12) and described rotating disk (7), be provided with stage clip (14);
Or the structure of described linking arm is: comprise that two are fixed on rotating disk below and spaced riser arranged side by side (11), between two described risers (11), be provided with articulated jib (12), articulated jib (12) is hinged with riser (11), can rotate up and down, the described deicer that clears the snow is located at articulated jib (12) lower end, and the below of riser (11) is provided with can block the block (13) that articulated jib (12) moves down; Described articulated jib (12) is provided with vertical rod (15), between vertical rod (15) upper end and block (13), is provided with extension spring (16);
Or the structure of described linking arm is: comprise that two are fixed on rotating disk below and spaced riser arranged side by side (11), between two described risers (11), be provided with articulated jib (12), articulated jib (12) is hinged with riser (11), can rotate up and down, the described deicer that clears the snow is located at articulated jib (12) lower end, and the below of riser (11) is provided with can block the block (13) that articulated jib (12) moves down; Described articulated jib (12) is provided with torsion spring (17) and torsion spring block (18) with riser (11) hinged place;
Or the structure of described linking arm is: comprise that two are fixed on rotating disk below and spaced riser arranged side by side (11), between two described risers (11), be provided with articulated jib (12), articulated jib (12) is hinged with riser (11), can rotate up and down, the described deicer that clears the snow is located at articulated jib (12) lower end, articulated jib (12) top is provided with " U " type elasticity bent plate (6), and " U " type elasticity bent plate (6) upper end and rotating disk are fixed, and lower end and articulated jib (12) are fixing;
Or the structure of described linking arm is: comprise the axle sleeve I (47) being fixed on rotating disk, in axle sleeve I (47), be provided with cutter shaft I (48), the upper cover of described cutter shaft I (48) has stage clip I (46), and described cutter shaft I (48) below external part is connected with ice remover (5);
Or the structure of described linking arm is: comprise the axle sleeve II (50) being fixed on rotating disk, in axle sleeve II (50), be provided with cutter shaft II (51), external part both sides, described cutter shaft II (51) top are provided with extension spring I (49), the lower end of extension spring I (49) is fixedly connected with the lower end of axle sleeve II (50), and described cutter shaft II (51) below external part is connected with ice remover (5).
3. multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that the hollow interior of the hollow triangular prism of described ice remover (5) is filled with Hardmetal materials (22).
4. multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that described cleaning machine is installed on rotating disk (7), according to the difference of cleaning machine towards, magnitude setting is 2~8, before and after described ice-snow clearing device (4) can be in frame, two rankings are put and are crisscross arranged.
5. multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that many described ice removing blades (20) are provided with sawtooth (21).
6. multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, the ice-snow clearing device top that it is characterized in that described many groups is provided with the cover (24) that clears the snow, described cover (24) both sides of clearing the snow are provided with the hoist cylinder (25) of unified action, and described hoist cylinder (25) below is provided with anti-shape wheel I (28).
7. multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine as claimed in claim 6, the four sides of the cover (24) that clears the snow described in it is characterized in that is provided with snow board (27), and described snow board (27) below is provided with anti-shape wheel II (26).
8. multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine as claimed in claim 6, the cover (24) that clears the snow described in it is characterized in that is provided with snow outlet tube (30), described snow outlet tube (30) is connected with the cover (24) that clears the snow by base (33), described base (33) is provided with snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion, described snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion is to form like this: comprise the plane bearing (40) being connected with base (33), lower floor's plane bearing (40-3) of described plane bearing (40) is fixedly connected with base (33), upper strata plane bearing (40-1) is fixedly connected with snow outlet tube (30), described snow outlet tube (40) one circles are provided with an outer ring teeth (45), the outer travelling gear (41) that is provided with of snow outlet tube (30), described travelling gear (41) is meshed with described cylinder outer ring teeth (45),
Or described snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion is such formation: comprise the plane bearing (40) being connected with base (33), lower floor's plane bearing (40-3) of described plane bearing (40) is fixedly connected with base (33), upper strata plane bearing (40-1) is fixedly connected with snow outlet tube (30), described snow outlet tube (30) lower end is fixedly connected with circle gear (43), snow outlet tube (30) is outer is provided with a travelling gear (41), and described travelling gear (41) is meshed with described circle gear (43).
9. multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine as claimed in claim 7, the cover (24) that clears the snow described in it is characterized in that is provided with snow outlet tube (30), described snow outlet tube (30) is connected with the cover (24) that clears the snow by base (33), described base (33) is provided with snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion, described snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion is to form like this: comprise the plane bearing (40) being connected with base (33), lower floor's plane bearing (40-3) of described plane bearing (40) is fixedly connected with base (33), upper strata plane bearing (40-1) is fixedly connected with snow outlet tube (30), described snow outlet tube (30) one circles are provided with an outer ring teeth (45), the outer travelling gear (41) that is provided with of snow outlet tube (30), described travelling gear (41) is meshed with described cylinder outer ring teeth (45),
Or described snow outlet tube anglec of rotation governor motion is such formation: comprise the plane bearing (40) being connected with base (33), lower floor's plane bearing (40-3) of described plane bearing (40) is fixedly connected with base (33), upper strata plane bearing (40-1) is fixedly connected with snow outlet tube (30), described snow outlet tube (30) lower end is fixedly connected with circle gear (43), snow outlet tube (30) is outer is provided with a travelling gear (41), and described travelling gear (41) is meshed with described circle gear (43).
10. multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that described snow outlet tube (30) is made up of upper snow outlet tube (35), lower snow outlet tube (34) two parts, between upper snow outlet tube (35) and lower snow outlet tube (34), be provided with lift governor motion, described lift governor motion comprises upper rack posts (36), lower fulcrum bar (38), wherein one end of described upper and lower two poles is hinged, the other end is fixedly connected with upper snow outlet tube (35), lower snow outlet tube (34) respectively, is provided with regulates bracing wire (39) at the middle part of lower fulcrum bar (38).
CN201410107607.XA 2014-03-22 2014-03-22 Multifunctional road ice and snow removing machine Active CN103866733B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4188738A (en) * 1978-07-05 1980-02-19 Vohl Paul Eugene Endless screw propeller unit for a snow thrower
CN2464771Y (en) * 2001-01-05 2001-12-12 王涌铠 Chain curtain type ice breaker
CN2523789Y (en) * 2001-10-31 2002-12-04 石河子大学 Icy snow remover
CN2786195Y (en) * 2004-05-21 2006-06-07 王双林 Combined road ice and snow remover
CN202787175U (en) * 2012-09-19 2013-03-13 赵明利 Multi-functional snow remover
CN203007901U (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-06-19 李健 Ice and snow remover
CN203795364U (en) * 2014-03-22 2014-08-27 李健 Road ice-snow cleaner

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4188738A (en) * 1978-07-05 1980-02-19 Vohl Paul Eugene Endless screw propeller unit for a snow thrower
CN2464771Y (en) * 2001-01-05 2001-12-12 王涌铠 Chain curtain type ice breaker
CN2523789Y (en) * 2001-10-31 2002-12-04 石河子大学 Icy snow remover
CN2786195Y (en) * 2004-05-21 2006-06-07 王双林 Combined road ice and snow remover
CN202787175U (en) * 2012-09-19 2013-03-13 赵明利 Multi-functional snow remover
CN203007901U (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-06-19 李健 Ice and snow remover
CN203795364U (en) * 2014-03-22 2014-08-27 李健 Road ice-snow cleaner

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