CN103861527A - Double-circular-mold biomass particle forming machine - Google Patents

Double-circular-mold biomass particle forming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103861527A
CN103861527A CN201310711007.XA CN201310711007A CN103861527A CN 103861527 A CN103861527 A CN 103861527A CN 201310711007 A CN201310711007 A CN 201310711007A CN 103861527 A CN103861527 A CN 103861527A
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China
Prior art keywords
layer ring
ring mould
mould
pressure roller
circular
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Granted
Application number
CN201310711007.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103861527B (en
Inventor
陈树人
段建
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Jiangsu University
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Jiangsu University
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Publication of CN103861527B publication Critical patent/CN103861527B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to a particle forming machine, and in particular relates to a double-circular-mold biomass particle forming machine. The double-circular-mold biomass particle forming machine comprises a particle forming machine body, a power system and a material feeding device, wherein the particle forming machine body comprises a circular mold group, a pressing roller group and a pressing roller driving mechanism connected with the power system; the circular mold group consists of an inner-layer circular mold and an outer-layer circular mold; granulation holes are formed in the inner-layer circular mold and the outer-layer circular mold; the pressing roller group is arranged between the inner-layer circular mold and the outer-layer circular mold and is matched with the inner-layer circular mold and the outer-layer circular mold; the pressing roller driving mechanism is positioned between the pressing roller group and the inner-layer circular mold. According to the double-circular-mold biomass particle forming machine, pressing rollers are arranged between the inner-layer circular mold and the outer-layer circular mold; when rotating, the pressing rollers can be squeezed and formed with the inner-layer circular mold and the outer-layer circular mold at the same time; compared with a conventional technical method, the granulation method has the advantage that the energy consumption of tonnage fuel can be reduced by 50-60 percent under a condition of same yield; the double-circular-mold biomass particle forming machine is simple in structure, low in cost, high in stability and high in production efficiency.

Description

A kind of Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of granule-forming machine, relate in particular to a kind of Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine.
Background technology
Agricultural crop straw is a valuable resource, and China is a large agricultural country, and stalk resource is abundant, and the annual production of Crop in China stalk is 700,000,000 tons of left and right, is listed as first of the world.Because these agricultural crop straws are not fully used, a large amount of burnings has become a great social concern, not only wastes resource, and serious environment pollution, and the curing molding of stalk is the good method addressing this problem; Granule-forming machine adopts ring-type moulding nib, has the advantages such as stability is high, energy consumption is lower, is existing one of widely used straw solidification moulding main flow equipment; The patent No. is: 201210455418.2, the patent No. is: ZL200720158058.4, the patent No. are: ZL200710114897.0 and the patent No. are: the patent of invention of ZL 200810022426.1 has proposed new ring mould granule-forming machine structure, also the problems that exist in pelletization have been solved, but it is lower that the disclosed ring mould of foregoing invention patent granule-forming machine all has output, the shortcoming that production efficiency is not high, and be not suitable for business application.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the defect that prior art exists, a kind of novel bicyclic mould biological substance granule-forming machine is provided, this invention is simple, and cost is low, and good stability the more important thing is that productivity ratio is high, energy consumption is low, operating efficiency is high.
The technical scheme that realizes the object of the invention is: a kind of Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine, comprises granule-forming machine body, dynamical system and feed arrangement; Described granule-forming machine body comprises ring module, pressure roller group and the pressure roller driving mechanism being connected with dynamical system; Described ring module is made up of inner layer ring mould and outer layer ring mould, on described inner layer ring mould and outer layer ring mould, is equipped with granulation hole; Described pressure roller group is arranged between inside and outside layer ring mould and with inside and outside layer ring mould and coordinates; Described pressure roller driving mechanism is between pressure roller group and inner layer ring mould.
Technique scheme, described pressure roller group is made up of 1 ~ 4 pressure roller.
Technique scheme, described pressure roller group is made up of two pressure rollers, and described two pressure rollers are symmetrical arranged.
Technique scheme, described pressure roller group is made up of three pressure rollers, and described three pressure rollers are the setting of 120 ° of trident forms.
Technique scheme, described pressure roller group is made up of four pressure rollers, and described four pressure rollers are upper and lower, be symmetrical set.
Technique scheme, described inner layer ring mould and outer layer ring mould concentric co-axial arrange, highly equal; Inner layer ring mode diameter is 1/3 ~ 1/2 of outer layer ring mode diameter, and inner layer ring mould percent opening is 1/2 of outer layer ring mould percent opening, and inner layer ring mould outer surface and outer layer ring mould inner surface are provided with lower edge.
Technique scheme, described pressure roller is installed on inner layer ring mould on lower edge and outer layer ring mould between lower edge, and equates with lower edge height on inside and outside layer ring mould, between described pressure roller and inner layer ring mould outer surface and outer layer ring mould inner surface, leaves gap.
Technique scheme, described feed arrangement is arranged on inside and outside layer ring mould top, raw material falls between inside and outside layer ring mould by the feed hopper in feed arrangement, carries out pelletizing forming, and particle is outwards extruded from outer layer ring mould outer surface granulation hole and inner layer ring mould inner surface granulation hole.
Technique scheme, described pressure roller driving mechanism comprise be positioned at pressure roller center eccentric shaft, be positioned at the main shaft at inner layer ring mould center and connect the connecting plate of eccentric shaft and main shaft; Described pressure roller is arranged between inside and outside two-layer ring mould, and corresponding with inner layer ring mould outer surface and outer layer ring mould inner surface, and described pressure roller can be around eccentric shaft rotation; Described connecting plate center drilling is also connected with main shaft, and main shaft lower end is connected with dynamical system.
Technique scheme, described dynamical system comprises motor and transmission mechanism, described transmission mechanism is gear drive or tape handler; Described main shaft lower end is connected with motor by transmission mechanism.
Adopt after technique scheme, the present invention has following positive effect: the present invention adopts from the mode of ectonexine ring mould top charging, and then pressure roller is extruded raw material to form particle from ring die pelletizing hole; Traditional granule-forming machine, pressure roller only carries out extrusion modling with one deck ring mould, cause the waste of power consumption, and output is lower; The present invention is arranged on pressure roller between inside and outside double-layer ring die, pressure roller is in the time rotating, can guarantee that pressure roller carries out extrusion modling with inside and outside double-layer ring die simultaneously, this method of granulating energy consumption on original basis does not increase how many, but output will increase and is twice, in identical output situation, reduce the ton fuel energy consumption of 50-60% than traditional process; For different raw materials, Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine ton fuel energy consumption of the present invention is 25-35kw.h/t, and traditional handicraft granule-forming machine ton fuel energy consumption is 50-65kw.h/t, visible, Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine production efficiency of the present invention significantly improves; Between mould roller, leave gap, wear and tear in machines is also reduced greatly, totle drilling cost reduces a lot.
Accompanying drawing explanation
For content of the present invention is more easily expressly understood, according to specific embodiment also by reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further detailed explanation, wherein below
Fig. 1 is schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is granulation schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is single pressure roller granulation schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is two pressure roller granulation schematic diagrams;
Fig. 5 is four pressure roller granulation schematic diagrams;
Fig. 6 is fold-line-shaped taper granulation hole schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is convex granulation hole schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is spill granulation hole schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is fold-line-shaped taper granulation schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is the square tooth pressing roll schematic diagram of taking turns;
Figure 11 is profile gear-tooth pressure roller schematic diagram;
Figure 12 is semicircle wheel tooth pressing roll schematic diagram;
Figure 13 is the trapezoidal tooth pressing roll schematic diagram of taking turns;
In figure 1, ring module; 11, inner layer ring mould; 11-1, inner layer ring mould outer surface; 11-2, inner layer ring mould inner surface; Lower edge on 11-3, inner layer ring mould; 12, outer layer ring mould; 12-1, outer layer ring mould inner surface; 12-2, outer layer ring mould outer surface; Lower edge on 12-3, outer layer ring mould; 2, pressure roller group; 21, pressure roller; 3, pressure roller driving mechanism; 31, eccentric shaft; 32, main shaft; 33, connecting plate; 4, granulation hole.
The specific embodiment
(embodiment 1)
The present invention includes the dynamical system and the feed arrangement that in accompanying drawing, do not outpour, and the granule-forming machine body shown in Fig. 1, granule-forming machine body comprises ring module 1, pressure roller group 2 and the pressure roller driving mechanism 3 being connected with dynamical system; Ring module 1 is made up of inner layer ring mould 11 and outer layer ring mould 12, on inner layer ring mould 11 and outer layer ring mould 12, is equipped with granulation hole 4; Pressure roller group 2 is arranged between inside and outside layer ring mould and with inside and outside layer ring mould and coordinates; Pressure roller driving mechanism is between pressure roller group 2 and inner layer ring mould 11.
According to the granulator type of different model, pressure roller group 2 of the present invention can be made up of 1 ~ 4 pressure roller 21, be generally on the basis of considering space between inside and outside double-layer ring die in conjunction with actual demand, select the number of pressure roller; Wherein widely used is two pressure rollers 21 and three each and every one pressure rollers 21.In the time that pressure roller group 2 is made up of two pressure rollers 21, two pressure rollers 21 are symmetrical arranged, and see Fig. 4; In the time that pressure roller group 2 is made up of three pressure rollers 21, three pressure rollers 21 are the setting of 120 ° of trident forms, see Fig. 1 and Fig. 2; In the time that pressure roller group 2 is made up of four pressure rollers 21, four pressure rollers Shang Xia 21, be symmetrical set, see Fig. 5.Pressure roller group 2 so arranges, and not only can make to have enough spaces between inside and outside double-layer ring die, but also can guarantee the stability of whole pressure roller group 2.
Inner layer ring mould 11 and the 12 concentric co-axial settings of outer layer ring mould, highly equal; Inner layer ring mould 11 diameters are 1/3 ~ 1/2 of outer layer ring mould 12 diameters, and inner layer ring mould 11 percent openings are 1/2 of outer layer ring mould 12 percent openings, and inner layer ring mould outer surface 11-1 and outer layer ring mould inner surface 12-1 are provided with lower edge.Pressure roller 21 is installed on inner layer ring mould on lower edge 11-3 and outer layer ring mould between the 12-3 of lower edge, can make pressure roller 21 in rotating, and can guarantee that pressure roller 21 carries out extrusion modling with inner layer ring mould 11 and outer layer ring mould 12 simultaneously; And equate with lower edge height on inside and outside layer ring mould, between pressure roller 21 and inner layer ring mould outer surface 11-1 and outer layer ring mould inner surface 12-1, leave gap, reduce to encircle the wearing and tearing of mould and pressure roller 21 in forming process.
Pressure roller driving mechanism 3 comprise be positioned at pressure roller 21 centers eccentric shaft 31, be positioned at the main shaft 32 at inner layer ring Mo11 center and connect the connecting plate 33 of eccentric shaft 31 and main shaft 32; Pressure roller 21 is arranged between inside and outside two-layer ring mould, and corresponding with inner layer ring mould outer surface 11-1 and outer layer ring mould inner surface 12-1, and pressure roller 21 can be around eccentric shaft 31 rotations; Connecting plate 33 center drillings are also connected with main shaft 32, and main shaft 32 lower ends are connected with dynamical system.Dynamical system comprises motor and transmission mechanism, and transmission mechanism is gear drive of the prior art or tape handler; Main shaft 32 lower ends are connected with motor by transmission mechanism.On the connecting plate 33 that eccentric shaft 31 of the present invention arranges, pressure roller 21 is arranged on eccentric shaft 31, thereby pressure roller 21 can rotate along with main shaft 32, carries out extrusion modling.
Pressure roller 21 is arranged on eccentric shaft 31, long when the production time, makes pressure roller 21 and the wearing and tearing of ring mould, thereby while making between pressure roller 21 and ring mould gap increase, can use eccentric shaft 31 to carry out adjusting play, guarantees operating efficiency the best.Main shaft 32 is with dynamic pressure roller 21 to rotate, pressure roller 21 when main shaft 32 revolves round the sun also around eccentric shaft 31 rotations; Feed arrangement is arranged on inside and outside layer ring mould top, and feed arrangement can adopt the feeding mechanism of prior art, as conveyer belt structure or feeding serew mechanism.Raw material falls between inside and outside layer ring mould by the feed hopper in feed arrangement, then makes it to be evenly distributed between whole inner layer ring mould 11 and outer layer ring mould 12 by agitator; Raw material is at first substantially in loose condition (of surface), along with main shaft 32 is with dynamic pressure roller 21 and is continuously rolled raw material layer, raw material is clamp-oned from outer layer ring mould inner surface 12-1 granulation hole 4 and inner layer ring mould outer surface 11-1 granulation hole 4, after compacting, more outwards extrude from outer layer ring mould outer surface 12-2 granulation hole 4 and inner layer ring mould inner surface 11-2 granulation hole 4.
In order to facilitate discharging and to regulate discharging granular size to be provided with cutting knife at outer layer ring mould outer surface 12-2 and inner layer ring mould inner surface 11-2 place, cutting knife is prior art, can adopt existing cutting knife used at present all can, as long as can be cut into the particle of required size all can, cutting knife is cut into biological particles material at discharging opening the biological particles of required size, and then carries out discharging from discharge bucket.
Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 are several different pressure rollers 21 of the present invention and granulation hole 4 structures, and pressure roller 21 structures comprise semicircle wheel tooth pressing roll 21, the square tooth pressing roll 21 of taking turns, trapezoidal tooth pressing roll 21 and the profile gear-tooth pressure roller 21 of taking turns; Granulation hole 4 structures comprise streamlined taper granulation hole 4, spill granulation hole 4, convex granulation hole 4 and fold-line-shaped taper granulation hole 4.In the middle of production application, can, according to different type of feed and the needs of actual production, select different pressure roller types and granulation hole shape.
Above specific embodiment; object of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect are further described; institute is understood that; these are only specific embodiments of the invention; be not limited to the present invention; within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any modification of making, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine, comprises granule-forming machine body, dynamical system and feed arrangement; It is characterized in that: described granule-forming machine body comprises ring module (1), pressure roller group (2) and the pressure roller driving mechanism (3) being connected with dynamical system; Described ring module (1) is made up of inner layer ring mould (11) and outer layer ring mould (12), on described inner layer ring mould (11) and outer layer ring mould (12), is equipped with granulation hole (4); Described pressure roller group (2) is arranged between inside and outside layer ring mould and with inside and outside layer ring mould and coordinates; Described pressure roller driving mechanism is positioned between pressure roller group (2) and inner layer ring mould (11).
2. Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described pressure roller group (2) is made up of 1 ~ 4 pressure roller (21).
3. Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described pressure roller group (2) has two pressure rollers (21) composition, and described two pressure rollers (21) are symmetrical arranged.
4. Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described pressure roller group (2) has three pressure rollers (21) composition, and described three pressure rollers (21) are the setting of 120 ° of trident forms.
5. Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described pressure roller group (2) has four pressure rollers (21) compositions, and described four pressure rollers (21) are upper and lower, be symmetrical set.
6. according to the Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine described in claim 1 ~ 5 any one claim, it is characterized in that: described inner layer ring mould (11) and outer layer ring mould (12) concentric co-axial setting, highly equal; Inner layer ring mould (11) diameter is 1/3 ~ 1/2 of outer layer ring mould (12) diameter, and inner layer ring mould (11) percent opening is 1/2 of outer layer ring mould (12) percent opening, and inner layer ring mould outer surface (11-1) and outer layer ring mould inner surface (12-1) are provided with lower edge.
7. Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described pressure roller (21) is installed on lower edge on inner layer ring mould (11-3) and outer layer ring mould between lower edge (12-3), and equate with lower edge height on inside and outside layer ring mould, between described pressure roller (21) and inner layer ring mould outer surface (11-1) and outer layer ring mould inner surface (12-1), leave gap.
8. Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described feed arrangement is arranged on inside and outside layer ring mould top, raw material falls between inside and outside layer ring mould by the feed hopper in feed arrangement, carry out pelletizing forming, particle is outwards extruded from outer layer ring mould outer surface (12-2) granulation hole (4) and inner layer ring mould inner surface (11-2) granulation hole (4).
9. Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described pressure roller driving mechanism (3) comprise be positioned at pressure roller (21) center eccentric shaft (31), be positioned at the main shaft (32) at inner layer ring mould (11) center and connect eccentric shaft (31) and the connecting plate (33) of main shaft (32); Described pressure roller (21) is arranged between inside and outside two-layer ring mould, and corresponding with inner layer ring mould outer surface (11-1) and outer layer ring mould inner surface (12-1), and described pressure roller (21) can be around eccentric shaft (31) rotation; Described connecting plate (33) center drilling is also connected with main shaft (32), and main shaft (32) lower end is connected with dynamical system.
10. Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine according to claim 9, is characterized in that: described dynamical system comprises motor and transmission mechanism, described transmission mechanism is gear drive or tape handler; Described main shaft (32) lower end is connected with motor by transmission mechanism.
CN201310711007.XA 2013-12-23 2013-12-23 A kind of Double-circular-mould biomass particle molding machine Expired - Fee Related CN103861527B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104816502A (en) * 2015-05-04 2015-08-05 广东水工机械制造有限公司 Biomass fuel forming machine
CN110419751A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-11-08 刘亦文 A kind of animal husbandry feed granules manufacturing equipment

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1100132A1 (en) * 1982-06-18 1984-06-30 Головной Экспериментально-Конструкторский Институт По Машинам Для Переработки Травы И Соломы Animal feed press
JP2006224058A (en) * 2005-02-21 2006-08-31 Denso Corp Granulation method and granulation apparatus for adsorbent
DE102005033089A1 (en) * 2005-07-15 2007-01-18 Hagedorn Ag Process and apparatus for the preparation of phlegmatized cellulose nitrate
CA2784457A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-23 Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company Active solids supply system and method for supplying solids
CN102908944A (en) * 2011-08-04 2013-02-06 溧阳市振杨机械厂 Compression roller assembly of granulator

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1100132A1 (en) * 1982-06-18 1984-06-30 Головной Экспериментально-Конструкторский Институт По Машинам Для Переработки Травы И Соломы Animal feed press
JP2006224058A (en) * 2005-02-21 2006-08-31 Denso Corp Granulation method and granulation apparatus for adsorbent
DE102005033089A1 (en) * 2005-07-15 2007-01-18 Hagedorn Ag Process and apparatus for the preparation of phlegmatized cellulose nitrate
CA2784457A1 (en) * 2009-12-15 2011-06-23 Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company Active solids supply system and method for supplying solids
CN102908944A (en) * 2011-08-04 2013-02-06 溧阳市振杨机械厂 Compression roller assembly of granulator

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104816502A (en) * 2015-05-04 2015-08-05 广东水工机械制造有限公司 Biomass fuel forming machine
CN110419751A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-11-08 刘亦文 A kind of animal husbandry feed granules manufacturing equipment

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Termination date: 20161223