CN103861131B - A kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation - Google Patents

A kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation Download PDF

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CN103861131B
CN103861131B CN201410127605.7A CN201410127605A CN103861131B CN 103861131 B CN103861131 B CN 103861131B CN 201410127605 A CN201410127605 A CN 201410127605A CN 103861131 B CN103861131 B CN 103861131B
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water
combustion chamber
heater
combustion
sterilization tank
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CN103861131A (en
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姚小金
姚锋
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姚小金
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation, below in combustion furnace body of heater, be the A of secondary combustion chamber, above the A of secondary combustion chamber, be communicated with the B of secondary combustion chamber, above the B of secondary combustion chamber, be communicated with flue internal fire pipe, the water body being full of outward at flue internal fire pipe is connected and has jointly formed flue inner water sleeve with the water body in body of heater inner water sleeve; Distribution steam discharge pipe in two side in sterilization tank casing, sterilization tank casing connects cold and hot air venting decompression tube, program intelligent controller is installed on sterilization tank casing, and program intelligent controller connects respectively water level controller, air-introduced machine, Hui Zhifa, magnetic valve, temperature sensor, pressure sensor. Compared with prior art, useless bacterium bag is by two-sided anti-burning and multistage combustion in the present invention, obtains conflagration and produces heat energy, for sterilization tank casing provides steam, in sterilization tank casing, realize steam sterilizing, recycle, and by the control of program intelligent controller, operation is convenient.

Description

A kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of intelligent sterilizing installation, particularly a kind of high-efficient energy-saving environment friendly and operative intelligenceEdible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation.
Background technology
China is Edible Fungi big country, still, all can produce a large amount of foods at present in the production of edible mushroomWith the useless bacterium bag of bacterium, due to these useless bacterium, to comprise the water yield high, and fuel value is low, even if the bacterium bag that will give up is by long-timeDry, useless bacterium wraps in the process of drying also and easily produces and go mouldy, if the bacterium bag that will give up burns also can polluteAtmosphere, and useless bacterium bag fertility is not high, and value is low, so a lot of people is giving up bacterium bag still among lakeLong period of soaking, has caused environmental pollution, has caused disease and pest amount reproduction and transmission, gives near residentLiving environment has caused and has had a strong impact on, and has caused significant damage also to Edible Fungi industry. How effectively profitWith these useless bacterium bags, it is turned waste into wealth becomes the key that mushroom industry develops in a healthy way.
What meanwhile, at present the microorganism in culture medium of edible fungus is killed to employing is that traditional normal pressure goes outBacterium equipment, what this tradition normal-pressure sterilization equipment adopted is building brick iron sheet cement structures, this equipment exists literThe problems such as temperature is slow, and compost is perishable, and heat utilization efficiency is low, the consumption energy is many, and need manual operation,Make culture medium of edible fungus sterilizing cost increase, and the required quantity of steam of this equipment be also difficult to control, often makeBecome sterilizing failure.
For these useless bacterium bags are turned waste into wealth, propose a kind of equipment useless bacterium is wrapped in combustion furnace through two-sidedThe mode of anti-burning and multistage combustion, obtains substantially baking and ignites, and useless bacterium is bundled into as fuel, by uselessThe active combustion of bacterium bag provides heat for combustion furnace, thereby makes combustion furnace body of heater provide steam for sterilization tank casing,The steam sterilizing of realizing culture medium of edible fungus in sterilization tank casing, realization recycles; Meanwhile, sterilization tank caseBody is provided with program intelligent controller, has realized operative intelligence, Based Intelligent Control combustion furnace water level, intelligence controlWarm, intelligent pressure control etc., makes sterilizing save fully again manpower.
The present invention proposes the edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation of a kind of high-efficient energy-saving environment friendly and operative intelligence, trueJust realizing the object that useless bacterium bag is turned waste into wealth, and operative intelligence, greatly enhance productivity, fallLow production cost.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has overcome existing deficiency in above-mentioned prior art, provide a kind of high-efficient energy-saving environment friendly andThe edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation of operative intelligence.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that
A kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation, comprises that waste edible fungus bacterium bag atmospheric combustion furnace and edible mushroom intelligence are normalPress sterilization tank, described waste edible fungus bacterium bag atmospheric combustion furnace comprises the furnace wall, the Shang Ding that are surrounded by the outer water jacket of body of heaterPlate and lower shoe enclose the combustion furnace body of heater forming jointly, and described edible mushroom intelligence normal-pressure sterilization case comprisesSterilization tank casing, is provided with the A of secondary combustion chamber below in combustion furnace body of heater, and the described A of secondary combustion chamber surrounding is equalFor the outer water jacket of body of heater, the part above the A of secondary combustion chamber is provided with and is connected with the A of secondary combustion chamberThe B of secondary combustion chamber, above the B of secondary combustion chamber, be provided with some with longitudinally establishing that the B of secondary combustion chamber is connectedThe flue internal fire pipe of putting, the surrounding of the described B of secondary combustion chamber and flue internal fire pipe be by the outer water jacket of body of heater andThe two sides body of heater inner water sleeve being connected with the outer water jacket of this body of heater surrounds, and is full of water outward at each flue internal fire pipeBody, the water body being full of outward at flue internal fire pipe is connected and has jointly formed stove with the water body in body of heater inner water sleeveCourage inner water sleeve, the water level in described combustion furnace body of heater is by water level controller control; Outside described flue inner water sleeveBetween the outer water jacket of both sides and body of heater, be formed with respectively space B and space C, in space B, establish successively from top to bottomBe equipped with the A of dust setting chamber and preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber A, correspondingly, in the C of space, establish successively from top to bottomBe equipped with the B of dust setting chamber and preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber B, at preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber A, preheating counter-burning typeThe common below of combustion chamber B and the B of secondary combustion chamber is the A of secondary combustion chamber; In described combustion furnace body of heater withOutside air-introduced machine is connected; Steam in described combustion furnace body of heater is transferred into sterilization tank case by steam pipeIn body, steam pipe is connected with some steam discharge pipes that are distributed in the interior two side of sterilization tank casing, sterilizingIn box body, be connected with some cold and hot air venting decompression tubes, the control of program intelligence is installed on sterilization tank casingDevice processed, program intelligent controller connects respectively water level controller, air-introduced machine, is arranged on only returning on steam pipeValve, be arranged on cold and hot air venting decompression tube magnetic valve, be arranged on the temperature sensor on sterilization tank casingWith pressure sensor in order to realize the Based Intelligent Control of edible mushroom intelligence normal-pressure sterilization case. This set has been realized combustionBurning furnace body only needs a small amount of explosive fuel and useless bacterium bag as fuel, and air-introduced machine is by preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber AWith flame anti-burning the downwards of preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber B explosive fuel, flame enters secondary firing A, two successivelyLevel combustion chamber B and flue internal fire pipe, will carry out two-sided anti-burning and many in the useless bacterium bag of the B of secondary combustion chamberLevel burning, fully burns useless bacterium bag, turns waste into wealth; The steam that combustion furnace body of heater produces is sent to and goes outBacterium box body, the control of program intelligent controller the parameters in sterilization tank casing, realize intelligent sterilizing.
As preferably, on described flue internal fire pipe, be stamped upper plate, upper plate top is provided with secondary preheating waterCase, between upper plate and secondary preheating water tank, leaving is highly the space A of 20~30cm, upper plate has oneWith the steam (vapor) outlet that flue inner water sleeve is connected, steam (vapor) outlet connect steam pipe, on upper plate, also have with oftenThe exhanst gas outlet that root flue internal fire pipe is connected. Specifically, the secondary preheating water tank that upper plate top is provided withUtilize the thermal-flame rising in flue internal fire pipe to be heated, realize effective utilization of heat energy; Reserved skyBetween A provide space for steam (vapor) outlet and exhanst gas outlet; Flue gas in combustion furnace body of heater is defeated by exhanst gas outletGo out, the steam that flue inner water sleeve produces is exported by steam (vapor) outlet.
As preferably, described space A is all connected with the A of dust setting chamber and the B of dust setting chamber, and described inThe A of dust setting chamber and the B of dust setting chamber are communicated with respectively one-level preheating connector, and one-level preheating connector is logicalCross connection air-introduced machine connector and connect air-introduced machine, air-introduced machine is connected with the dust water treatment box that is provided with chimney.Particularly, space A is communicated with exhanst gas outlet, space A again with the A of dust setting chamber and the B of dust setting chamber phaseBe communicated with, make the particle in flue gas enter into the A of dust setting chamber and the B of dust setting chamber; Flue gas is at air-introduced machineLaggard by one-level preheating connector, air-introduced machine connector, air-introduced machine and dust water treatment box successively under attractionEnter chimney and discharge atmosphere.
As preferably, described one-level preheating connector is surrounded by one-level preheating water tank outward, described one-level preheatingWater tank is connected with secondary preheating water tank by water pipe, and the below of the outer water jacket of cross current body of heater is formed with turnoverThe mouth of a river. Specifically, one-level preheating water tank has utilized the temperature of high-temperature flue gas in the one-level preheating connector of flowing throughHeat, heat energy is utilized effectively; Water pipe and intake-outlet have been realized the turnover of water in combustion furnace body of heater.
As preferably, be enclosed with one layer of heat preservation layer A in described combustion furnace external body; At the A of secondary combustion chamberHave oxygen supply damper and useless bacterium bag charging aperture with the B of secondary combustion chamber; At preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber AAll have explosive fuel charging aperture with the outside of preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber B. Oxygen supply damper is to be secondaryCombustion chamber A provide oxygen, regulates burning dynamics; Useless bacterium bag charging aperture is that useless bacterium bag is put into the B of secondary combustion chamberOpening, very convenient.
As preferably, in the A of secondary combustion chamber both sides be respectively equipped with by some horizontal water tubes arrange form tiltedlyFace grate A and inclined-plane grate B, be also provided with by some horizontal water tubes and arrange between inclined-plane grate A and inclined-plane grate BThe plane grate that forms of row, inclined-plane grate A, inclined-plane grate B and plane grate two ends all with body of heater water jacket phase outwardBe communicated with; In the described B of secondary combustion chamber, both sides are respectively equipped with three grades of oxygen supply ventilation ducts, every three grades of confessionsThe two ends of oxygen ventilation duct extend to respectively outside the outer water jacket of body of heater; In the B of secondary combustion chamber, lower opening place establishesHave by some horizontal water tubes and arrange the useless bacterium bag burning of the plane forming grate, and the useless bacterium bag burning of plane grateTwo ends are all connected with the outer water jacket of body of heater; At preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber A and preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber BLower opening place is respectively equipped with by some horizontal water tubes and arranges the plane preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber grate forming,The two ends of plane preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber grate are all connected with the outer water jacket of body of heater. Arranging is like this for respectivelyIndividual combustion chamber is placed fuel and is fallen into each at the little briquette fuel of the after-flame of doing when the fuel in each combustion chamberOn grate, burn away, fuel is fully used.
As preferably, described horizontal water tube diameter is 63mm; Three grades of described oxygen supply ventilation duct diameters are80mm, and on every three grades of oxygen supply ventilation ducts, to be evenly distributed with 20 diameters be 18 ㎜ oxygen supply passages.Benefit is, adopts the horizontal water tube that diameter is 63mm, economic and practical; Even on every three grades of oxygen supply ventilation ductsBeing distributed with 20 diameters is 18 ㎜ oxygen supply passages, allows outside oxygen fully enter into the B of secondary combustion chamberIn, useless bacterium bag is fully burnt.
As preferably, on described sterilization tank casing, thermometer, capsule pressure gauge, super-pressure safety valve are also installed;A side at sterilization tank casing has mobile gate; There is one layer of heat preservation layer B in sterilization tank casing outer wrap. ToolSay, thermometer, capsule pressure gauge, super-pressure safety valve prepare in order to have a power failure, mobile gate bodyArrange and culture medium of edible fungus can be put into sterilization tank casing easily, heat-insulation layer is in order to prevent sterilization tank casingThe loss of interior heat.
Adopt design starting point of the present invention, theory and the beneficial effect of technique scheme to be:
The edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation that the invention provides a kind of high-efficient energy-saving environment friendly and operative intelligence is logicalCross burning and the process of a small amount of explosive fuel in preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber A and preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber BThe attraction of air-introduced machine makes aflame flame anti-burning downwards, and flame is through the A of secondary combustion chamber and secondary successivelyCombustion chamber B, the useless bacterium bag that is placed on the B of secondary combustion chamber has been realized through two-sided anti-burning and the multistage combustion of flameToast and ignite, useless bacterium bag has obtained conflagration decomposition and has produced heat energy, meanwhile, and the B's of secondary combustion chamberThermal-flame, is advanced into flue internal fire pipe in continuation, make secondary preheating water tank bottom form high speed rotary gasStream, the water body in flue inner water sleeve produces steam, for edible mushroom intelligence normal-pressure sterilization case provides steam, realShowed steam sterilizing, recycled, meanwhile, the course of work of sterilization tank casing is by program Based Intelligent ControlDevice control, has realized Based Intelligent Control combustion furnace water level, intelligent temperature control, intelligent pressure control etc., and sterilizing is filledPoint, save manpower fool proof again.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the external structure schematic diagram of waste edible fungus bacterium bag atmospheric combustion furnace of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the internal structure schematic diagram of waste edible fungus bacterium bag atmospheric combustion furnace of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of edible mushroom intelligence normal-pressure sterilization case of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
The specific embodiment of the present invention is as follows:
Embodiment: a kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation, as Figure 1-3:
Comprise waste edible fungus bacterium bag atmospheric combustion furnace and edible mushroom intelligence normal-pressure sterilization case, described waste edible fungus bacteriumBag atmospheric combustion furnace comprises that the furnace wall, upper plate 2 and 3 of the lower shoes that are surrounded by the outer water jacket 1 of body of heater are commonEnclose the combustion furnace body of heater forming, described edible mushroom intelligence normal-pressure sterilization case comprises sterilization tank casing 4, in burningIn furnace body, below is provided with the A5 of secondary combustion chamber, and the described A5 of secondary combustion chamber surrounding is the outer water jacket 1 of body of heater,A part above the A5 of secondary combustion chamber is provided with the B6 of secondary combustion chamber being connected with the A5 of secondary combustion chamber,Above the B6 of secondary combustion chamber, be provided with in the flue of the some longitudinal settings that are connected with the B6 of secondary combustion chamberFire tube 7, the surrounding of the described B6 of secondary combustion chamber and flue internal fire pipe 7 be by the outer water jacket 1 of body of heater and with thisThe two sides body of heater inner water sleeve 8 that the outer water jacket 1 of body of heater is connected surrounds, and outside each flue internal fire pipe 7, is full ofWater body, the water body being full of outside flue internal fire pipe 7 is connected with the water body in body of heater inner water sleeve 8 and common groupBecome flue inner water sleeve 9, the water level in described combustion furnace body of heater is controlled by water level controller 10; Particularly,Between the outer water jacket 1 of the outer both sides of described flue inner water sleeve 9 and body of heater, be formed with respectively space B and space C,In space B, be disposed with from top to bottom the A11 of dust setting chamber and preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber A12, correspondingly,In the C of space, be disposed with from top to bottom the B13 of dust setting chamber and preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber B14, in advanceThe common below of hot counter-burning type combustion chamber A12, preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber B14 and the B6 of secondary combustion chamberFor the A5 of secondary combustion chamber, particularly, the B6 of secondary combustion chamber and the A5 of secondary combustion chamber form " protruding " word shape;In combustion furnace body of heater, be connected with outside air-introduced machine 15, can guide the flame direction in combustion furnace body of heater;Steam in described combustion furnace body of heater is transferred in sterilization tank casing 4 by steam pipe 16, steam pipe 16Be connected with the some steam discharge pipes 17 that are distributed in sterilization tank casing 4 interior two sides, sterilization tank casing 4Inside be connected with some cold and hot air venting decompression tubes 18, program Based Intelligent Control is installed on sterilization tank casing 4Device 19, program intelligent controller 19 connects respectively water level controller 10, air-introduced machine 15, is arranged on steam pipeOn 16 return valve 20 only, be arranged on cold and hot air venting decompression tube 18 magnetic valve 21, be arranged on sterilization tankTemperature sensor 22 on casing 4 and pressure sensor 23 are in order to realize edible mushroom intelligence normal-pressure sterilization caseBased Intelligent Control. Described steam discharge pipe 17 is preferably horizontally installed on the interior two side of sterilization tank casing 4, steamsThe length of vapour delivery pipe 17 matches with sterilization tank casing 4, makes the steam of discharging spread all over each corner, realNow fully sterilizing.
Specifically, be stamped upper plate 2 on flue internal fire pipe 7, upper plate 2 tops are provided with secondary preheating waterCase 24, leaves the highly space A25 for 30cm, upper plate 2 between upper plate 2 and secondary preheating water tank 24Have a steam (vapor) outlet 26 being connected with flue inner water sleeve 9, steam (vapor) outlet 26 connects steam pipe 16,On upper plate 2, also have the exhanst gas outlet 27 being connected with every flue internal fire pipe 7; Space A25 all and powderDirt expansion chamber A11 and the B13 of dust setting chamber are connected, and the described A11 of dust setting chamber and dust setting chamberB13 is communicated with respectively one-level preheating connector 28, and one-level preheating connector 28 is by being communicated with air-introduced machine connector29 connect air-introduced machine 15, and air-introduced machine 15 is connected with the dust water treatment box 31 that is provided with chimney 30. One-levelOutside preheating connector 28, be surrounded by one-level preheating water tank 32, described one-level preheating water tank 32 is not by water pipe (Diagram) be connected with secondary preheating water tank 24, the below of the outer water jacket 1 of cross current body of heater is formed with Inlet and outlet waterMouth 33. Secondary preheating water tank 24 utilizes the thermal-flame of flue internal fire pipe 7 interior risings to be heated, and one-level is pre-Boiler 32 has utilized the temperature of the one-level preheating connector 28 interior high-temperature flue gas of flowing through to heat, and all realizesEffective utilization of heat energy. As shown in Figure 2, be enclosed with one layer of heat preservation layer A34 in combustion furnace external body; TwoLevel combustion chamber A5 and the B6 of secondary combustion chamber have oxygen supply damper 35 and useless bacterium bag charging aperture 36; ?The outside of preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber A12 and preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber B14 all has explosive fuel charging aperture37. Described space A25, space B are identical with the cross-sectional area of space C.
As shown in Figure 2, in the A5 of secondary combustion chamber, both sides are respectively equipped with by some horizontal water tubes and arrange and to formInclined-plane grate A38 and inclined-plane grate B39, be also provided with by some between inclined-plane grate A38 and inclined-plane grate B39Root horizontal water tube is arranged the plane grate 40 forming, inclined-plane grate A38, inclined-plane grate B39 and plane grate 40Two ends are all connected with the outer water jacket 1 of body of heater, inclined-plane grate A38, inclined-plane grate B39 and plane grate 40 shapesBecome inverted trapezoidal shape; In the described B6 of secondary combustion chamber, both sides are respectively equipped with three grades of oxygen supply ventilation ducts 41,The two ends of every three grades of oxygen supply ventilation ducts 41 extend to respectively outside the outer water jacket 1 of body of heater; At the B6 of secondary combustion chamberInterior lower opening place is provided with by some horizontal water tubes and arranges the useless bacterium bag burning of the plane forming grate 43, and planeThe two ends of useless bacterium bag burning grate 43 are all connected with the outer water jacket 1 of body of heater; At preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber A12Be respectively equipped with by some horizontal water tubes and arrange form flat with the lower opening place of preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber B14Face preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber grate 44, the two ends of plane preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber grate 44 all with body of heater outsideWater jacket 1 is connected, and wherein every horizontal water tube diameter is 63mm; Three grades of oxygen supply ventilation duct 41 diameters are 80mm,And on every three grades of oxygen supply ventilation ducts 41, being evenly distributed with 20 diameters is 18 ㎜ oxygen supply passages, more entersThe design of one step is, parallel to each other between each horizontal water tube and three grades of oxygen supply ventilation ducts 41, is conducive to combustion furnaceThe appropriate design of body of heater internal structure, also prevents that unburnt little briquette fuel from dropping and being utilized.
Thermometer 45, capsule pressure gauge 46, super-pressure safety valve 47 are also installed on sterilization tank casing 4; ?One side of sterilization tank casing 4 has mobile gate 48; There is one layer of heat preservation layer in sterilization tank casing 4 outer wrapB. Described heat-insulation layer A34 and heat-insulation layer B internal layer are made up of the thick fireproof heat insulating cotton of 10cm, in fire preventionHeat-preservation cotton outside is wrapped up by color steel, effectively prevents the heat stream of combustion furnace body of heater and sterilization tank casing 4 insideLose, be also provided with in heat-insulation layer B outside and reinforce channel-section steel 51.
The concrete course of work is first to control water level controller 10 by program intelligent controller 19 and controlWater level in combustion furnace body of heater, specifically by intake-outlet 33 by outer body of heater water jacket 1, flue inner water sleeve 9,Secondary preheating water tank 24 and one-level preheating water tank 32 carry out water filling, after injecting good water, make preheating counter-burning typeExplosive fuel burning in combustion chamber A12 and preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber B14, flame is in the attraction of air-introduced machine 15Lower anti-burning downwards, flame arrives the A5 of secondary combustion chamber, and unburnt little briquette fuel is along with gravity drops on tiltedly simultaneouslyOn face grate A38 and inclined-plane grate B39, burn away, the A5 of secondary combustion chamber supplies with two by oxygen supply damper 35Inferior oxygen makes secondary firing more abundant, and the thermal-flame of the A5 of secondary combustion chamber is along with the attraction of air-introduced machine 15Under continue upward through the useless bacterium bag burning of plane grate 43 and arrive the B6 of secondary combustion chamber, the A5's of secondary combustion chamberWhen thermal-flame arrives the B6 of secondary combustion chamber, the useless bacterium bag that is difficult to burning is dried fast, is made its burning,In burning, useless bacterium bag can produce material apportion, along with gravity falls into the plane grate 40 on the A5 of secondary combustion chamber,In the A5 of secondary combustion chamber, in addition secondary oxygen supply makes its burning birth to the greatest extent, and the flame of the B6 of secondary combustion chamber is three grades of confessionsUnder the oxygen supply of oxygen ventilation duct 41, improved efficiency of combustion, useless bacterium bag is fully burned; The B6 of secondary combustion chamberThermal-flame, in continuation, be advanced into flue internal fire pipe 7, secondary preheating water tank 24 bottoms are formed at a high speed and returnTurn air-flow, fuel gas has now obtained abundant burning and decomposition, and flying dust separates with flue gas, flying dust sedimentationAt the A11 of dust setting chamber and the B13 of dust setting chamber, high-temperature flue gas enters one-level preheating connector 28, nowFlue gas still has very high temperature, and when high-temperature flue gas process one-level preheating connector 28, one-level preheating water tank 32Interior water is heated, and high-temperature flue gas becomes low-temperature flue gas, and low-temperature flue gas enters by air-introduced machine connector 29 againEnter air-introduced machine 15, air-introduced machine 15 is sent low-temperature flue gas into dust water treatment box 31, through the harmless gas of water treatmentBody enters atmosphere after entering chimney 30.
Steam in combustion furnace body of heater enters the steam discharge pipe 17 in sterilization tank casing 4 by steam pipe 16,Steam discharge pipe 17 is fully supplemented to steam each corner of sterilization tank casing 4, realizes culture medium of edible fungusAbundant sterilizing, the quantity of steam in sterilization tank casing 4 is by the only Kai Heguan of valve 20 that returns on steam pipe 16Realize balance; The interior temperature and pressure of sterilization tank casing 4 is by the magnetic valve on cold and hot air venting decompression tube 1821 open and balance is realized in pass, further, on temperature and pressure in sterilization tank casing 4 arrives, automatically open exhaust by magnetic valve 21 in limited time, be down to down in limited time when temperature and pressure, magnetic valve 21 can be automaticallyClose, meanwhile, program intelligent controller 19 Based Intelligent Control temperature sensors 22, pressure sensor 23, steamingVapour delivery pipe 17 and cold and hot air venting decompression tube 18 have also been realized intelligent temperature control, intelligent pressure control, intelligence certainlyThe function of moving exhaust; Thermometer 45, capsule pressure gauge 46 and super-pressure safety valve on sterilization tank casing 447, prepare in order to have a power failure in actual production from now on; The present invention has also adopted efficient mechanical driven type to enterOutlet design, operation is convenient, saves manpower.
Particularly, when the temperature in sterilization tank casing 4 and air pressure all reach set upper in limited time, air-introduced machine 15Obtaining signal can quit work, when the temperature in sterilization tank casing 4 is lower than set lower prescribing a time limit, air-introduced machine 15Obtaining signal can automatic startup work, until whole sterilization process finishes, and after sterilization process finishes, programIntelligent controller 19 is controlled magnetic valve 21 all steam in sterilization tank casing 4 is discharged, and some water is also by coldSolidifying water discharge outlet 50 is discharged, and also can set reasonably according to the required sterilization time of variety classes edible mushroomMonitoring period; The design consideration of whole device program be the course of work of artificial sterilizing, realized edible mushroomThe intellectualized operation of sterilizing.

Claims (8)

1. an edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation, comprises that waste edible fungus bacterium bag atmospheric combustion furnace and edible mushroom intelligence are normalPress sterilization tank, described waste edible fungus bacterium bag atmospheric combustion furnace comprise the furnace wall that surrounded by the outer water jacket of body of heater,Upper plate and lower shoe enclose the combustion furnace body of heater forming jointly, and described edible mushroom intelligence normal pressure goes outBacterium case comprises sterilization tank casing, it is characterized in that: below in combustion furnace body of heater, be provided with the A of secondary combustion chamber,The described A of secondary combustion chamber surrounding is the outer water jacket of body of heater, and the part above the A of secondary combustion chamber is establishedBe equipped with the B of secondary combustion chamber being connected with the A of secondary combustion chamber, if be provided with above the B of secondary combustion chamberThe flue internal fire pipe of longitudinal setting that dry root is connected with the B of secondary combustion chamber, the described B of secondary combustion chamberWith the surrounding of flue internal fire pipe be the two sides being connected by the outer water jacket of body of heater and with the outer water jacket of this body of heaterBody of heater inner water sleeve surrounds, and is full of water body outward at each flue internal fire pipe, is full of outward at flue internal fire pipeWater body be connected and jointly formed flue inner water sleeve, described burning with the water body in body of heater inner water sleeveWater level in furnace body is by water level controller control; The outer water of the outer both sides of described flue inner water sleeve and body of heaterBetween cover, be formed with respectively space B and space C, in space B, be disposed with from top to bottom dustExpansion chamber A and preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber A correspondingly, set gradually from top to bottom in the C of spaceThere are the B of dust setting chamber and preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber B, anti-at preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber A, preheatingThe common below of burning formula combustion chamber B and the B of secondary combustion chamber is the A of secondary combustion chamber; Described burningIn furnace body, be connected with outside air-introduced machine; Steam in described combustion furnace body of heater is by steam pipe quiltBe sent in sterilization tank casing steam pipe and some steam that are distributed in two side in sterilization tank casingDelivery pipe is connected, and is connected with some cold and hot air venting decompression tubes, sterilization tank in sterilization tank casingProgram intelligent controller is installed on casing, and program intelligent controller connects respectively water level controller, drawsBlower fan, be arranged on steam pipe return valve only, be arranged on cold and hot air venting decompression tube magnetic valve,Be arranged on temperature sensor on sterilization tank casing and pressure sensor normal in order to realize edible mushroom intelligencePress the Based Intelligent Control of sterilization tank.
2. a kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation according to claim 1, is characterized in that: at described flueOn internal fire pipe, be stamped upper plate, upper plate top is provided with secondary preheating water tank, upper plate and secondary preheatingBetween water tank, leaving is highly the space A of 20~30cm, upper plate have one with flue inner water sleeve phaseBe communicated with steam (vapor) outlet, steam (vapor) outlet connect steam pipe, on upper plate, also have with every flue in fireThe exhanst gas outlet that pipe is connected.
3. a kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described space AAll be connected with the A of dust setting chamber and the B of dust setting chamber, and the described A of dust setting chamber and dust are heavyFall chamber B and be communicated with respectively one-level preheating connector, one-level preheating connector connects by being communicated with air-introduced machinePart connects air-introduced machine, and air-introduced machine is connected with the dust water treatment box that is provided with chimney.
4. a kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described one-level is pre-Thermally coupled is surrounded by one-level preheating water tank outward, and described one-level preheating water tank is pre-by water pipe and secondaryBoiler is connected, and the below of the outer water jacket of cross current body of heater is formed with intake-outlet.
5. a kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described combustionBurn furnace body outer wrap and have one layer of heat preservation layer A; In the A of secondary combustion chamber and the B of secondary combustion chamber differenceHave oxygen supply damper and useless bacterium bag charging aperture; At preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber A and preheating counter-burning typeThe outside of combustion chamber B all has explosive fuel charging aperture.
6. a kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation according to claim 1, is characterized in that: at secondary firingIn the A of chamber, both sides are respectively equipped with by some horizontal water tubes and arrange the inclined-plane grate A and the inclined-plane grate B that form,Between inclined-plane grate A and inclined-plane grate B, be also provided with by some horizontal water tubes and arrange the planar furnace formingGrid, inclined-plane grate A, inclined-plane grate B and plane grate two ends are all connected with the outer water jacket of body of heater; ?In the described B of secondary combustion chamber, both sides are respectively equipped with three grades of oxygen supply ventilation ducts, and every three grades of oxygen supplys are logicalThe two ends of airduct extend to respectively outside the outer water jacket of body of heater; In the B of secondary combustion chamber, lower opening place establishesHave by some horizontal water tubes and arrange the useless bacterium bag burning of the plane forming grate, and the useless bacterium bag combustion furnace of planeThe two ends of grid are all connected with the outer water jacket of body of heater; In preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber A and the combustion of preheating counter-burning typeThe lower opening place of burning chamber B is respectively equipped with by some horizontal water tubes arranges the plane preheating counter-burning type formingCombustion chamber grate, the two ends of plane preheating counter-burning type combustion chamber grate are all connected with the outer water jacket of body of heater.
7. a kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described horizontal waterPipe diameter is 63mm; Three grades of described oxygen supply ventilation duct diameters are 80mm, and every three grades of confessionsOn oxygen ventilation duct, being evenly distributed with 20 diameters is 18 ㎜ oxygen supply passages.
8. a kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described sterilization tankThermometer, capsule pressure gauge, super-pressure safety valve are also installed on casing; In a side of sterilization tank casingHave mobile gate; There is one layer of heat preservation layer B in sterilization tank casing outer wrap.
CN201410127605.7A 2014-03-31 2014-03-31 A kind of edible mushroom intelligence sterilizing installation Expired - Fee Related CN103861131B (en)

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CN103868044B (en) * 2014-03-31 2015-11-18 姚小金 A kind of waste edible fungus bacterium bag atmospheric combustion furnace
CN104521548B (en) * 2014-11-21 2017-02-08 张家港市常兴菌业有限公司 Sterilization furnace used for culture materials for edible fungi
CN104857538A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-08-26 施婷婷 Bidirectional sterilizer
CN105453897A (en) * 2016-01-04 2016-04-06 江苏鸿程食用菌科技有限公司 Environment-friendly edible mushroom intelligent low-temperature and low-pressure steam sterilizing box

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CN2803384Y (en) * 2005-07-11 2006-08-09 张成全 Gas combustion steam sterilizer
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CN203777345U (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-08-20 姚小金 Intelligent edible fungus sterilization equipment

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US6960321B1 (en) * 1999-10-01 2005-11-01 Ludwig Jerome H Sterilization of fire sprinkler systems

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CN2803384Y (en) * 2005-07-11 2006-08-09 张成全 Gas combustion steam sterilizer
CN201701518U (en) * 2010-05-21 2011-01-12 刘广泰 Energy-efficient sterilizing chamber for edible fungus culture medium
CN203777345U (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-08-20 姚小金 Intelligent edible fungus sterilization equipment

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