CN103859176A - Expanded material for grass carp, and its preparation method - Google Patents

Expanded material for grass carp, and its preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103859176A
CN103859176A CN201210528604.4A CN201210528604A CN103859176A CN 103859176 A CN103859176 A CN 103859176A CN 201210528604 A CN201210528604 A CN 201210528604A CN 103859176 A CN103859176 A CN 103859176A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grass carp
rice
dregs
expanded
domestic
Prior art date
Application number
CN201210528604.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖志猛
万冰
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湖北裕泰科技饲料有限公司
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Priority to CN201210528604.4A priority Critical patent/CN103859176A/en
Publication of CN103859176A publication Critical patent/CN103859176A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an expanded material for grass carp, and its preparation method. The problems of heavy water load in the feeding process, and heavy response and many diseases of grass carp of present grass carp feeds are solved in the invention. The expanded material is characterized in that the expanded material comprises 4-8% of wheat flour, 12-16% of wheat shorts, 8-12% of full-fat rice bran, 1-3% of domestic fish meal fish meal, 8-12% of soybean meal, 8-12% of Artemisia argyi cake, 11-15% of Canadian rapeseed meal, 11-15% of domestic rapeseed meal rapeseed meal, 4-6% of Indian rapeseed meal, 8-12% of cottonseed meal, 0.8-1.2% of soybean oil, 0.08% of lecithin oil, 1.5-2.5% of zeolite powder, 1.5-2.5% of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.2-0.4% of salt, 0.8-1.2% of a composite premix for grass carp, 0.01-0.03% of an antioxidant, 0.15-0.25% of choline chloride, 0.08-0.12% of lysine salt, and 0.15-0.25% of Yikang XP. The preparation method comprises the following steps: feeding, crushing, carrying out primary mixing, micronizing, carrying out secondary mixing, expanding, drying, cooling, and packaging. The addition of the Yikang XP makes the intestinal tract healthy and realizes a high utilization rate of a feed; and the addition of exogenous lysine realizes a balanced protein-caloric ratio. The expanded material can be widely used to culture above 150g of adult grass carp, realizes a growth speed above 20% higher than the growth speed realized by common feeds, and reduces above 30% of the emission of pollutants to water.

Description

Grass carp puffing material and preparation method thereof
One, technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of Feed Production Technology, relate in particular to a kind of grass carp puffing material and preparation method thereof.
Two, background technology
Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) belongs to Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leuciscinae grass carp and belongs to.English name: Grass carp.Grass carp belongs to Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leuciscinae grass carp and belongs to.Being commonly called as of grass carp: grass carp, oily grass carp, careless grass carp, ctenopharyngodon idellus, grass carp, grass bud, grass roots (northeast), charlatan etc.One of four large Chinese carps.Grass carp claims again grass carp, and with black carp, bighead, silver carp also claims Chinese four squawfish.Grass carp is taking grass as food, and the color at grass carp back is that pitchy, scale edge are dark brown, and chest, abdomeinal fin are lark, and side line is straight, and meat is delicate, and spur is few, and applicable knife with shaped cutting edge is made the moulding dishes such as chrysanthemum fish.Along with the raising day by day of people's living standard, also increasing to the demand of various meat products, grass carp is best suited for the kind of people's cultivation.In equal per mu yield situation, the feeding volume of grass carp puffing material is only equivalent to 70% of common sinking pellet diet, and breeding water body is had to good protective effect, and the farming disease harms and dosage obviously reduce.And due to the alleviating of water body bearing capacity, unit of water body can cultivate out higher output.
Three, summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to for market provide a kind of preparation simple, balanced in nutrition, can meet more than 3 liang grass carp adult fish culture nutritional need, can also allow Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus feed coefficient lower, grass carp puffing material that enteron aisle is more healthy and preparation method thereof.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: described health-care feed comprise the component that divides content meter taking quality as:
Described health-care feed comprises the component that divides content meter taking quality as flour 4~8%, inferior powder 12~16%, full-cream rice bran (P13%/13%) 8~12%, domestic fish meal (62%/10%) 1~3%, dregs of beans 8~12%, blue or green cake (35%/8%) 8~12%, Canada's dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5) 11~15%, the domestic dish dregs of rice (36%/0.6%) 11~15%, India's dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5%) 4~6%, cotton dregs (46%) 8~12%, soya-bean oil (95%) 0.8~1.2%, phosphatide oil (95%) 0.08%, zeolite powder 1.5~2.5%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.5~2.5%, salt 0.2~0.4%, grass carp compound premix 0.8~1.2%, antioxidant 0.01~0.03%, Choline Chloride (50%) 0.15~0.25%, lysine salt 0.08~0.12%, Yikang XP0.15~0.25%.
Described health-care feed comprises the component that divides content meter taking quality as flour 6%, inferior powder 14%, full-cream rice bran (P13%/13%) 10%, domestic fish meal (62%/10%) 2%, dregs of beans 10%, blue or green cake (35%/8%) 10%, Canada's dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5) 13%, the domestic dish dregs of rice (36%/0.6%) 13%, India's dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5%) 5%, cotton dregs (46%) 10%, soya-bean oil (95%) 1%, phosphatide oil (95%) 0.08%, zeolite powder 2%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2%, salt 0.3%, grass carp compound premix 1%, antioxidant 0.02%, Choline Chloride (50%) 0.2%, lysine salt 0.2%, Yikang XP0.2%.
Grass carp compound premix comprises vitamin premix and mineral pre-mix.
A kind of preparation method of grass carp puffing material comprises the steps:
1. small powder premixed: will fully mix with minitype vertical type stainless steel mixer after the additive accurate weighing of proportioning≤1%;
2. pulverizing feeds intake: proportioning > 1% component is sent into after pulverizer pulverizing by conveyer, entered corresponding feed bin and wait for batching;
3. batching: by the each component mass percent of requirement of filling a prescription by electronic proportioning system accurate dosing;
4. mixed once: the material of having prepared burden and small powder premix are fully mixed in mixer;
5. ultramicro grinding: once mixture is delivered to micronizer and carries out ultramicro grinding, make 95% substance by 80 eye mesh screens;
6. secondary mixes: after ultramicro grinding, enter second drum mixer, add oil, water to mix;
7. expanded: to make to carry out under material moisture content 24%, 110 DEG C~130 DEG C conditions of refining temperature expanded by steam;
8. dry: the mixture after expanded is dried under 85~100 DEG C of conditions;
9. cooling sieve is assorted: the material after drying is cooled to natural temperature in cooler, then screens out impurity and defective finished product;
10. weighing and bagging: will be finished product through cooled Feed Weight Measurement pack packing, and enter warehouse.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: owing to having added Yikang XP, make grass carp intestinal more healthy, efficiency of feed utilization is higher; Again because having added exogenous lysine, make the egg can be than balance more, egg can be more reasonable than compatibility, more can embody value, is applicable to Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus nutritional need.
Four, detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment preparation 100kg health-care feed, its preparation method is:
(1) take respectively following raw material: flour 6kg, inferior powder 14kg, full-cream rice bran (P13%/13%) 10kg, domestic fish meal (62%/10%) 2kg, dregs of beans 10kg, blue or green cake (35%/8%) 10kg, the Canada dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5) 13kg, the domestic dish dregs of rice (36%/0.6%) 13kg, India's dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5%) 5kg, cotton dregs (46%) 10kg, soya-bean oil (95%) 1kg, phosphatide oil (95%) 0.08kg, zeolite powder 2kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2kg, salt 0.3kg, grass carp compound premix 1kg, antioxidant 0.02kg, Choline Chloride (50%) 0.2kg, lysine salt 0.2kg, Yikang XP0.2kg.
Its preparation method comprises the steps:
1. small powder premixed: will fully mix with minitype vertical type stainless steel mixer after the additive accurate weighing of proportioning≤1kg;
2. pulverizing feeds intake: proportioning > 1kg component is sent into after pulverizer pulverizing by conveyer, entered corresponding feed bin and wait for batching;
3. batching: by the each component mass percent of requirement of filling a prescription by electronic proportioning system accurate dosing;
4. mixed once: the material of having prepared burden and small powder premix are fully mixed in mixer;
5. ultramicro grinding: once mixture is delivered to micronizer and carries out ultramicro grinding, make the substance of 95kg by 80 eye mesh screens;
6. secondary mixes: after ultramicro grinding, enter second drum mixer, add oil, water to mix;
7. expanded: to make to carry out under material moisture content 24kg, 110 DEG C~130 DEG C conditions of refining temperature expanded by steam;
8. dry: the mixture after expanded is dried under 85~100 DEG C of conditions;
9. cooling sieve is assorted: the material after drying is cooled to natural temperature in cooler, then screens out impurity and defective finished product;
10. weighing and bagging: will be finished product through cooled Feed Weight Measurement pack packing, and enter warehouse.
Embodiment 2
Take respectively following raw material: flour 4kg, inferior powder 15kg, full-cream rice bran (P13%/13%) 11kg, domestic fish meal (62%/10%) 1.5kg, dregs of beans 11kg, blue or green cake (35%/8%9kg, the Canada dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5) 13.5kg, the domestic dish dregs of rice (36%/0.6%) 12kg, India's dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5%) 6kg, cotton dregs 46%) 9kg, soya-bean oil (95%) 1.5kg, phosphatide oil (95%) 0.08kg, zeolite powder 2.2kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2.3kg, salt 0.3kg, grass carp compound premix 1kg, antioxidant 0.02kg, Choline Chloride 50%) 0.2kg, lysine salt 0.2kg, Yikang XP0.2kg.
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
Take respectively following raw material: flour 5kg, inferior powder 13kg, full-cream rice bran (P13%/13%) 8kg, domestic fish meal (62%/10%) 2.5kg, dregs of beans 11kg, blue or green cake (35%/8%) 9kg, the Canada dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5) 14kg, the domestic dish dregs of rice (36%/0.6%) 13.5kg, India's dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5%) 7kg, cotton dregs (46%) 9kg, soya-bean oil (95%) 1kg, phosphatide oil (95%) 0.08kg, zeolite powder 2kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2kg, salt 0.3kg, grass carp compound premix 1kg, antioxidant 0.02kg, Choline Chloride (50%) 0.2kg, lysine salt 0.2kg, Yikang XP0.2kg.
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4
Take respectively following raw material: flour 7kg, inferior powder 12kg, full-cream rice bran (P13%/13%) 9kg, domestic fish meal (62%/10%) 3kg, dregs of beans 8kg, blue or green cake (35%/8%) 11kg, the Canada dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5) 12kg, the domestic dish dregs of rice (36%/0.6%) 14kg, India's dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5%) 5.2kg, cotton dregs (46%) 12kg, soya-bean oil (95%) 1kg, phosphatide oil (95%) 0.08kg, zeolite powder 2kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2kg, salt 0.3kg, grass carp compound premix 1kg, antioxidant 0.02kg, Choline Chloride (50%) 0.2kg, lysine salt 0.2kg, Yikang XP0.2kg.
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5
Take respectively following raw material: flour 8kg, inferior powder 12.5kg, full-cream rice bran (P13%/13%) 10.5kg, domestic fish meal (62%/10%) 2.5kg, dregs of beans 9kg, blue or green cake (35%/8%) 10kg, the Canada dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5) 13kg, the domestic dish dregs of rice (36%/0.6%) 11.5kg, India's dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5%) 5.5kg, cotton dregs (46%) 10.5kg, soya-bean oil (95%) 1kg, phosphatide oil (95%) 0.08kg, zeolite powder 2kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2kg, salt 0.3kg, grass carp compound premix 1kg, antioxidant 0.02kg, Choline Chloride (50%) 0.2kg, lysine salt 0.2kg, Yikang XP0.2kg.
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 6
Take respectively following raw material: flour 6.5kg, inferior powder 14.5kg, full-cream rice bran (P13%/13%) 9kg, domestic fish meal (62%/10%) 3kg, dregs of beans 9kg, blue or green cake (35%/8%) 11kg, the Canada dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5) 12kg, the domestic dish dregs of rice (36%/0.6%) 12kg, India's dish dregs of rice (36%/0.5%) 5.5kg, cotton dregs (46%) 10.5kg, soya-bean oil (95%) 1kg, phosphatide oil (95%) 0.08kg, zeolite powder 2kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2kg, salt 0.3kg, grass carp compound premix 1kg, antioxidant 0.02kg, Choline Chloride (50%) 0.2kg, lysine salt 0.2kg, Yikang XP0.2kg.
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Test by the large pool shows: uses the present invention to feed the more common heavy property of more than 3 liang Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus speed and expects that feed is fast more than 25%, and also better to the protection of water quality in breeding process, the farming disease harms obviously reduces, and drug cost significantly reduces.

Claims (4)

1. a grass carp puffing material, it is characterized in that: described health-care feed comprises the component that divides content meter taking quality as flour 4~8%, inferior powder 12~16%, full-cream rice bran 8~12%, domestic fish meal 1~3%, dregs of beans 8~12%, blue or green cake 8~12%, Canada's dish dregs of rice 11~15%, the domestic dish dregs of rice 11~15%, India's dish dregs of rice 4~6%, cotton dregs 8~12%, soya-bean oil 0.8~1.2%, phosphatide oil 0.08%, zeolite powder 1.5~2.5%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.5~2.5%, salt 0.2~0.4%, grass carp compound premix 0.8~1.2%, antioxidant 0.01~0.03%, Choline Chloride 0.15~0.25%, lysine salt 0.08~0.12%, Yikang XP0.15~0.25%.
2. a kind of grass carp puffing material according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described health-care feed comprises the component that divides content meter taking quality as flour 6%, inferior powder 14%, full-cream rice bran 10%, domestic fish meal 2%, dregs of beans 10%, blue or green cake 10%, Canada's dish dregs of rice 13%, the domestic dish dregs of rice 13%, India's dish dregs of rice 5%, cotton dregs 10%, soya-bean oil 1%, phosphatide oil 0.08%, zeolite powder 2%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2%, salt 0.3%, grass carp compound premix 1%, antioxidant 0.02%, Choline Chloride 0.2%, lysine salt 0.2%, Yikang XP0.2%.
3. a kind of grass carp puffing material according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: grass carp compound premix comprises vitamin premix and mineral pre-mix.
4. a preparation method for grass carp puffing material, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
1. small powder premixed: will fully mix with minitype vertical type stainless steel mixer after the additive accurate weighing of proportioning≤1%;
2. pulverizing feeds intake: proportioning > 1% component is sent into after pulverizer pulverizing by conveyer, entered corresponding feed bin and wait for batching;
3. batching: by the each component mass percent of requirement of filling a prescription by electronic proportioning system accurate dosing;
4. mixed once: the material of having prepared burden and small powder premix are fully mixed in mixer;
5. ultramicro grinding: once mixture is delivered to micronizer and carries out ultramicro grinding, make 95% substance by 80 eye mesh screens;
6. secondary mixes: after ultramicro grinding, enter second drum mixer, add oil, water to mix;
7. expanded: to make to carry out under material moisture content 24%, 110 DEG C~130 DEG C conditions of refining temperature expanded by steam;
8. dry: the mixture after expanded is dried under 85~100 DEG C of conditions;
9. cooling sieve is assorted: the material after drying is cooled to natural temperature in cooler, then screens out impurity and defective finished product;
10. weighing and bagging: will be finished product through cooled Feed Weight Measurement pack packing, and enter warehouse.
CN201210528604.4A 2012-12-11 2012-12-11 Expanded material for grass carp, and its preparation method CN103859176A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104171579A (en) * 2014-07-12 2014-12-03 合肥奕涵农牧科技有限公司 Grass carp feed with function of adjusting intestinal tracts and preparation method thereof
CN104905078A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-16 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Granulated grass carp fodder
CN106901077A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-06-30 荆门市五龙饲料有限公司 A kind of aquatic feeds formula and its production method
CN107361238A (en) * 2016-05-11 2017-11-21 云南快大多畜牧科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the expanded slow settling feed of grass carp

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CN101049130A (en) * 2007-05-24 2007-10-10 四川南方希望实业有限公司 Feedstuff for breeding grass carp and preparation method
CN101869211A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-10-27 广东通威饲料有限公司 Compound feed for young grass carps
CN102669467A (en) * 2012-05-23 2012-09-19 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Compound feed for grass carps and preparation method thereof

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CN101049130A (en) * 2007-05-24 2007-10-10 四川南方希望实业有限公司 Feedstuff for breeding grass carp and preparation method
CN101869211A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-10-27 广东通威饲料有限公司 Compound feed for young grass carps
CN102669467A (en) * 2012-05-23 2012-09-19 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Compound feed for grass carps and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104171579A (en) * 2014-07-12 2014-12-03 合肥奕涵农牧科技有限公司 Grass carp feed with function of adjusting intestinal tracts and preparation method thereof
CN104905078A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-16 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Granulated grass carp fodder
CN107361238A (en) * 2016-05-11 2017-11-21 云南快大多畜牧科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the expanded slow settling feed of grass carp
CN106901077A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-06-30 荆门市五龙饲料有限公司 A kind of aquatic feeds formula and its production method

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Application publication date: 20140618