CN103856157A - Photovoltaic-panel two-dimension motion mechanism driven by single motor - Google Patents

Photovoltaic-panel two-dimension motion mechanism driven by single motor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103856157A
CN103856157A CN201210500177.9A CN201210500177A CN103856157A CN 103856157 A CN103856157 A CN 103856157A CN 201210500177 A CN201210500177 A CN 201210500177A CN 103856157 A CN103856157 A CN 103856157A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ratchet
motor
photovoltaic panel
shaft
mounting platform
Prior art date
Application number
CN201210500177.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵应应
赵晓娟
Original Assignee
西安艾力特电子实业有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 西安艾力特电子实业有限公司 filed Critical 西安艾力特电子实业有限公司
Priority to CN201210500177.9A priority Critical patent/CN103856157A/en
Publication of CN103856157A publication Critical patent/CN103856157A/en

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

Disclosed is a photovoltaic-panel two-dimension motion mechanism driven by a single motor. The mechanism includes a stand column, an installation-angle adjustment mechanism, an installation platform, a driving rotation shaft, a speed reducer, a motor, a pitching rotation shaft, a photovoltaic-panel installation frame and a photovoltaic-panel assembly. A rotation mechanism is installed at one end of the installation platform. A pitching mechanism is installed at the top part of a lifting screw. A driving mechanism includes a bearing block which is placed on the installation platform horizontally. A ratchet-wheel catch-pawl mechanism formed by a ratchet wheel and catch pawls are installed on the bearing block. The catch pawls are installed on a rotation nut. The lifting screw passes through the rotation nut and a bearing in the bearing block at the same time and extends below the installation platform. A ratchet wheel rotation block is installed at the outer annulus of the ratchet wheel in an outward extension manner. Corresponding to the ratchet wheel rotation block, a ratchet wheel push block is installed at the shaft end part of the driving rotation shaft in an outward extension manner. The ratchet wheel push block is installed at the end part of an original driving shaft and the rotation nut of the pitching mechanism is arranged in the ratchet-wheel catch-pawl mechanism. The driving shaft pushes the ratchet wheel rotation block once a day so as to realize realization of two-dimension driving motions by a motor.

Description

The motor-driven photovoltaic panel two-dimensional motion mechanism of a kind of separate unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of actuating unit, be specifically related to the motor-driven photovoltaic panel two-dimensional motion mechanism of a kind of separate unit.
Background technology
Along with the raising of people to solar energy utilization ratio, the use of the tracking means of high-precision omnidirectional tracking track of sun is more and more general; Generally comprehensive solar tracking at least needs two motors to carry out the driving respectively on two-dimensional directional; Especially for the follower of following the tracks of solar hour angle and declination angle simultaneously, need at least need a motor to drive and carry out solar hour angle tracking, another motor drives the tracking of carrying out declination angle; But the excursion of declination angle is between ± 23.5 °, only change 0.26 ° every day, independent motor drives the tracking of carrying out declination angle to cause waste, has also increased the power consumption of whole tracking means simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of separate unit motor-driven photovoltaic panel two-dimensional motion mechanism.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: the motor-driven photovoltaic panel two-dimensional motion mechanism of a kind of separate unit, comprise perpendicular to surface-mounted column, stagger angle adjusting mechanism is installed at the top of column, on stagger angle adjusting mechanism, mounting platform is set, drive shaft consistent with earth rotation rotational axis direction on mounting platform is through two bearing pedestals, decelerator is installed in drive shaft one end, mounted motor on decelerator, the intermediate vertical of drive shaft is installed pitching rotating shaft in the direction of drive shaft, photovoltaic panel installing rack is installed in pitching rotating shaft, photovoltaic panel assembly is installed on photovoltaic panel installing rack,
On above-mentioned mounting platform, one end that decelerator is not installed is provided with the rotating mechanism for driving elevating screw lifting, and the top of elevating screw is provided with for photovoltaic panel installing rack one end being supportted to luffing mechanism high or that drag down;
Above-mentionedly be horizontally placed on the bearing pedestal on mounting platform for driving the rotating mechanism of elevating screw lifting to comprise, the ratchet and pawl arrangement of ratchet and pawl composition is installed on bearing pedestal, ratchet is arranged on rotating nut, in rotating nut, offer and the internal thread of elevating screw engaged transmission, elevating screw is simultaneously through the bearing in the bearing pedestal of rotating nut and bottom and extend to the below of mounting platform;
The excircle of above-mentioned ratchet is installed to stretch out ratchet moving block is installed, and corresponding to ratchet moving block, stretches out the ratchet pushing block rotating for promoting ratchet moving block is installed at the shaft end of drive shaft.
Further: on above-mentioned ratchet moving block, be connected with return spring, the other end of return spring is arranged on spring fitting piece, and spring fitting piece is fixedly mounted on mounting platform.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The motor-driven photovoltaic panel two-dimensional motion mechanism of separate unit of the present invention, by ratchet pushing block being installed at original driveshaft end, then the rotating nut of luffing mechanism is arranged on to the inside of ratchet and pawl arrangement, every day ratchet moving block is once promoted to realize a motor by driving shaft and realize two-dimentional actuation movement; Save material, reduced the power consumption of whole tracking means.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of running part of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the perspective view after the present invention removes photovoltaic panel;
Fig. 3 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of whole photovoltaic panel tracking means.
Description of reference numerals:
1-photovoltaic panel installing rack, 2-photovoltaic panel assembly, 3-column, 4-pitching rotating shaft, 5-elevating screw, 6-mounting platform, 7-decelerator, 8-motor, 9-ratchet, 10-bearing pedestal, 11-ratchet, 12-rotating nut, 13-spring fitting piece, 14-return spring, 15-ratchet moving block, 16-drive shaft, 17-ratchet pushing block, 18-stagger angle adjusting mechanism, 19-luffing mechanism.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described:
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3, it shows one embodiment of the present of invention, the motor-driven photovoltaic panel two-dimensional motion mechanism of separate unit of the present invention, comprise perpendicular to surface-mounted column 3, stagger angle adjusting mechanism 18 is installed at the top of column 3, mounting platform 6 is set on stagger angle adjusting mechanism 18, drive shaft 16 consistent with earth rotation rotational axis direction on mounting platform 6 is through two bearing pedestals, decelerator 7 is installed in drive shaft 16 one end, mounted motor 8 on decelerator 7, the intermediate vertical of drive shaft 16 is installed pitching rotating shaft 4 in the direction of drive shaft 16, photovoltaic panel installing rack 1 is installed in pitching rotating shaft 4, photovoltaic panel assembly 2 is installed on photovoltaic panel installing rack 1,
In the present invention, on above-mentioned mounting platform 6, one end that decelerator is not installed is provided with the rotating mechanism for driving elevating screw 5 liftings, and the top of elevating screw 5 is provided with for photovoltaic panel installing rack 1 one end being supportted to luffing mechanism 19 high or that drag down.
Above-mentioned for driving the rotating mechanism of elevating screw 5 liftings as shown in Figure 1 concrete, comprise the bearing pedestal 10 being horizontally placed on mounting platform 6, the ratchet and pawl arrangement that ratchet 9 and ratchet 11 form is installed on bearing pedestal 10, ratchet 11 is arranged on rotating nut 12, in rotating nut 12, offer and the internal thread of elevating screw 5 engaged transmission, elevating screw 5 is simultaneously through the bearing in the bearing pedestal 10 of rotating nut 12 and bottom and extend to the below of mounting platform 6.
The excircle of above-mentioned ratchet 9 is installed to stretch out ratchet moving block 15 is installed, and corresponding to ratchet moving block 15, stretches out the ratchet pushing block 17 rotating for promoting ratchet moving block 15 is installed at the shaft end of drive shaft 16.
On above-mentioned ratchet moving block 15, be connected with return spring 14, the other end of return spring 14 is arranged on spring fitting piece 13, and spring fitting piece 13 is fixedly mounted on mounting platform 6.
By reference to the accompanying drawings the preferred embodiment for the present invention is explained in detail above, but the invention is not restricted to above-mentioned execution mode, in the ken possessing those of ordinary skill in the art, can also under the prerequisite that does not depart from aim of the present invention, make a variety of changes.
Do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention and can make many other changes and remodeling.Should be appreciated that and the invention is not restricted to specific execution mode, scope of the present invention is defined by the following claims.

Claims (2)

1. the motor-driven photovoltaic panel two-dimensional motion mechanism of separate unit, comprise perpendicular to surface-mounted column (3), stagger angle adjusting mechanism (18) is installed at the top of column (3), mounting platform (6) is set on stagger angle adjusting mechanism (18), the upper drive shaft (16) consistent with earth rotation rotational axis direction of mounting platform (6) is through two bearing pedestals, decelerator (7) is installed in drive shaft (16) one end, the upper mounted motor (8) of decelerator (7), the intermediate vertical of drive shaft (16) is installed pitching rotating shaft (4) in the direction of drive shaft (16), the upper photovoltaic panel installing rack (1) of installing of pitching rotating shaft (4), the upper photovoltaic panel assembly (2) of installing of photovoltaic panel installing rack (1), it is characterized in that:
On above-mentioned mounting platform (6), one end that decelerator is not installed is provided with the rotating mechanism for driving elevating screw (5) lifting, and the top of elevating screw (5) is provided with for photovoltaic panel installing rack (1) one end being supportted to luffing mechanism (19) high or that drag down;
Above-mentioned for driving the rotating mechanism of elevating screw (5) lifting to comprise the bearing pedestal (10) being horizontally placed on mounting platform (6), the ratchet and pawl arrangement of ratchet (9) and ratchet (11) composition is installed on bearing pedestal (10), ratchet (11) is arranged on rotating nut (12), in rotating nut (12), offer and the internal thread of elevating screw (5) engaged transmission, elevating screw (5) is simultaneously through the interior bearing of the bearing pedestal (10) of rotating nut (12) and bottom and extend to the below of mounting platform (6);
The excircle of above-mentioned ratchet (9) is installed to stretch out ratchet moving block (15) is installed, corresponding to ratchet moving block (15), stretch out the ratchet pushing block (17) rotating for promoting ratchet moving block (15) is installed at the shaft end of drive shaft (16).
2. the motor-driven photovoltaic panel two-dimensional motion mechanism of a kind of separate unit as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: on described ratchet moving block (15), be connected with return spring (14), it is upper that the other end of return spring (14) is arranged on spring fitting piece (13), and spring fitting piece (13) is fixedly mounted on mounting platform (6).
CN201210500177.9A 2012-11-28 2012-11-28 Photovoltaic-panel two-dimension motion mechanism driven by single motor CN103856157A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210500177.9A CN103856157A (en) 2012-11-28 2012-11-28 Photovoltaic-panel two-dimension motion mechanism driven by single motor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210500177.9A CN103856157A (en) 2012-11-28 2012-11-28 Photovoltaic-panel two-dimension motion mechanism driven by single motor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103856157A true CN103856157A (en) 2014-06-11

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210500177.9A CN103856157A (en) 2012-11-28 2012-11-28 Photovoltaic-panel two-dimension motion mechanism driven by single motor

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Country Link
CN (1) CN103856157A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105375864A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-02 中置新能源科技发展(上海)有限公司 Photovoltaic cell panel support frame
CN105929859A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-09-07 张翼鹏 Solar tracking elevation angle transmission mechanism
CN106230364A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 卢晗 A kind of photovoltaic board connecting equipment being easy to regulation
CN106230357A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 卢晗 A kind of solar energy photovoltaic panel is stably connected with device
CN106230359A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 卢晗 A kind of photovoltaic board connecting equipment
CN108964594A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-12-07 肇庆市高新区晓靖科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic plate movement mechanism
CN111780041A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-10-16 郑州峻斯电子科技有限公司 Can follow sun pivoted LED street lamp

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105375864A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-02 中置新能源科技发展(上海)有限公司 Photovoltaic cell panel support frame
CN105929859A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-09-07 张翼鹏 Solar tracking elevation angle transmission mechanism
CN105929859B (en) * 2016-07-01 2018-09-21 张翼鹏 Solar energy tracking height angle transmission mechanism
CN106230364A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 卢晗 A kind of photovoltaic board connecting equipment being easy to regulation
CN106230357A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 卢晗 A kind of solar energy photovoltaic panel is stably connected with device
CN106230359A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 卢晗 A kind of photovoltaic board connecting equipment
CN106230359B (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-11-23 泰州市龙泽环境科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic board connecting equipment
CN106230357B (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-11-30 泰州市龙泽环境科技有限公司 A kind of solar energy photovoltaic panel is stably connected with device
CN108964594A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-12-07 肇庆市高新区晓靖科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic plate movement mechanism
CN111780041A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-10-16 郑州峻斯电子科技有限公司 Can follow sun pivoted LED street lamp
CN111780041B (en) * 2020-08-11 2021-03-19 合隆防爆电气有限公司 Can follow sun pivoted LED street lamp

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Application publication date: 20140611