CN103851731A - Low-energy-consumption heat pump air-conditioning equipment and method - Google Patents

Low-energy-consumption heat pump air-conditioning equipment and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103851731A
CN103851731A CN201410119870.0A CN201410119870A CN103851731A CN 103851731 A CN103851731 A CN 103851731A CN 201410119870 A CN201410119870 A CN 201410119870A CN 103851731 A CN103851731 A CN 103851731A
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indoor set
boiler
premises station
water
air
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CN103851731B (en
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李隆
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李隆
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/12Hot water central heating systems using heat pumps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/70Efficient control or regulation technologies, e.g. for control of refrigerant flow, motor or heating

Abstract

The invention provides low-energy-consumption heat pump air-conditioning equipment which can work in 7 modes of air-conditioning refrigeration, air-conditioning heating and water heating, air-conditioning refrigeration and water heating, air-conditioning refrigeration and air-conditioning heating, air-conditioning heating and water heating, water heating, air-conditioning refrigeration and air-conditioning heating.

Description

Low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit and method thereof
[technical field]
The present invention relates to a kind of low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit and method thereof, be specifically related to one and can be operated in respectively 1. air conditioner refrigerating+air-conditioning heating+water heating, 2. air conditioner refrigerating+water heating, 3. air conditioner refrigerating+air-conditioning heating, 4. air-conditioning heating+water heating, 5. water heating, 6. air conditioner refrigerating, 7. 7 kinds of mode of operations such as air-conditioning heating.And water tank outer container temperature equalizing method.
[background technology]
To walk in the works intensive, energy-conservation, ecological new approach for national urbanization, " Zhejiang Province's regenerative resource Application in Building technical standard " exposure draft is come out of the stove, once standard is formally issued enforcement, just mean that Zhejiang newly constructed house will forcibly apply at least one regenerative resource, the regenerative resource that enters exposure draft comprises solar water heating system, air energy heat pump hot-water heating system, earth-source hot-pump system, solar energy photovoltaic system and sunshine inducible system.The enforcement of standard, if mean that newly-built civil buildings do not carry out this standard, is just difficult to by examining and check of drawings link, the license that also just can not obtain construction and check and accept.
Otherwise the construction project that reaches above-mentioned standard can be applied for subsidy.Implement the way of economizing energy law according to our province, civil buildings with non-generation mode utilize solar energy, shallow layer geothermal energy, air can, can build authorities' application project construction fund subsidy to the people's government at or above the county level.The secretary-general Shen Fuxin of solar energy employer's organization of Zhejiang Province reveals, just jointly the mounting design standard of an air energy heat pump water heater is drafted by Architecture Design Institute of Zhejiang University, estimates can draft complete March in this year.After this standard implementation, there is to positive action in enterprise in charge of construction.When the time comes, newly constructed house, by the reserved space that air energy heat pump water heater is installed, produces directly favourable to air energy heat pump water heater.
This all-in-one utilizes waste heat that heat pump air conditioner produces in process of refrigerastion for heat hot water, produce the hot water that does not need electricity consumption, and become air-cooled (air energy) into water-cooled (water energy), have higher COP, save in addition acquisition expenses, save installing space; Take the course of work of air conditioner refrigerating+water heating as example: according to air-cooled mode computation: input power P=1000W, can adopt hot Qc=3000W from indoor by air conditioner refrigerating, quantity of heat given up Qh=4000W is for water heating, P+Qc=Qh; , adopt hot 3000W and be equivalent to indoor refrigeration 3000W due to indoor, be useful, input power P=1000W, brings the useful hot merit of 4000W+3000W=7000W, refers to air-cooledly, and water heat absorption now, is equivalent to water-cooled, can also improve.
This project can replace air energy heat pump water heater+heat pump split-type air conditioner completely, is expected to enter urbanization in the works, walks energy-conservation new approach.
[summary of the invention]
Low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit: comprise off-premises station, a minimum indoor set 1, a minimum boiler (21), the public refrigerant adapter of bus type, comprising: liquid line (31);
H pipe between F1 pipe, off-premises station and boiler (21) between off-premises station and indoor set 1;
Off-premises station inside comprises high-pressure air pipe (30), low pressure gas pipe (32).
Indoor set configures one or more sets as required; For the user that will use air-conditioning cold wind and air-conditioning hot blast simultaneously, indoor set is wanted two; The indoor set 2 increasing or the structure of other indoor sets are identical with indoor set 1; The F2 that will increase when increasing indoor set 2 between off-premises station and indoor set 2 manages.
Continue to increase indoor set, in off-premises station, increase the F4 pipe between F3 pipe, indoor set 4 three-way magnetic valves (11B) and off-premises station and the indoor set 4 between indoor set 3 three-way magnetic valves (11A) and off-premises station and indoor set 3; The structure of the indoor set increasing is identical with indoor set 1.
Continue to increase boiler 2, in off-premises station, increase the H1 pipe between boiler 2 three-way magnetic valves (15) and off-premises station and boiler 2; The structure of the boiler 2 increasing is identical with boiler.
Liquid line (31) is public adapter, and off-premises station electric expansion valve (6), indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9), indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13), boiler electric expansion valve (20) are all connected in parallel in the above; Between indoor set 1, indoor set 2, boiler (21) and off-premises station, also to be connected a special tracheae, be respectively: indoor set 1 connects F1 pipe, indoor set 2 connects F2 pipe, boiler (21) connection H pipe.
The common port of indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7), indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11), boiler three-way magnetic valve (18) is connected with F1, F2, the H pipe port of off-premises station respectively;
The G end of indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7), indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11), boiler three-way magnetic valve (18) is connected with the high-pressure air pipe (30) in off-premises station;
The D end of indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7), indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11), boiler three-way magnetic valve (18) is connected with the low pressure gas pipe (32) in off-premises station.
What high-pressure air pipe (30) circulated is the high pressure refrigerant gas of low pressure refrigerant gas after compressor compresses; What liquid line (31) circulated is the refrigerant liquid that high pressure refrigerant gas is cooled to after condenser heat release; What low pressure gas pipe (32) circulated is the low pressure refrigerant gas of refrigerant liquid after evaporimeter heat absorption; Control bus (50) is for being communicated with control circuit and the power supply circuits of each unit.
Switch control, the control of refrigerated medium heat and the adjusting of temperature of off-premises station are just controlled by off-premises station electric expansion valve (6);
Switch control, the control of refrigerated medium heat and the adjusting of temperature of indoor set 1 are just controlled by indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9);
Switch control, the control of refrigerated medium heat and the adjusting of temperature of indoor set 2 are just controlled by indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (13);
Switch control, the control of refrigerated medium heat and the adjusting of temperature of boiler are just controlled by boiler electric expansion valve (20).
Wherein boiler can use suspension type.
For the user that must purchase respectively 1~2 heat pump split-type air conditioner and a heat pump air-source water heater, outdoor, 2~3 off-premises stations to be installed; Use this all-in-one, only need 1 off-premises station is installed, except energy-conservation, also saved product acquisition expenses, saved the space of installing.
This all-in-one is except possessing the high energy efficiency of heat-pump apparatus, still there is UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN, outside using air conditioner refrigerating, using apart from free hot water while heating, also because use water-cooled, more air-cooled have a higher Energy Efficiency Ratio, and therefore this all-in-one is than heat pump air-source water heater or the more power saving of heat pump split-type air conditioner.
Off-premises station comprises: compressor (1), gas-liquid separator (2), outdoor condenser/evaporimeter (3), off-premises station blower fan (4), off-premises station three-way magnetic valve (5), off-premises station electric expansion valve (6), indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7), indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11), boiler three-way magnetic valve (18), high-pressure air pipe (30), low pressure gas pipe (32);
Indoor set 1 comprises: indoor set 1 evaporator/condenser (8), indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9), indoor set 1 blower fan (10);
Indoor set 2 comprises: indoor set 2 evaporator/condenser (12), indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13), indoor set 2 blower fans (14);
Boiler (21) comprising: boiler evaporator/condenser (19), boiler electric expansion valve (20);
Boiler also comprises: interior outer container heat-insulation layer (39), outer container (40), vertical outer container fixed mount (41), hanging outer container fixed mount (42);
For the narrower and small user in space, boiler can be changed into and hangs wall lifting;
The user who needs air-conditioning for a more than room, can select machine in two covers or multi-room;
In the time that the indoor set simultaneously using is many, can select more powerful off-premises station;
For the place that there is no three-way magnetic valve, can replace a three-way magnetic valve with two magnetic valves;
Also comprise: interior case outer container samming unit;
Described samming unit: case outer container samming unit (34) in boiler, comprising: interior case block (35), outer container block (36), movable block (37), block self-locking electromagnet (38);
Movable block (37) in boiler in outer container samming unit (34) is under the control of block self-locking electromagnet (38), interior case block (35) and outer container block (36) are carried out to hot short circuit, allow interior case and outer container samming, the heat of boiler is conducted to space by outer container, change the temperature of boiler, thereby repeatedly thermotropism heat dissipation of water tank, becoming air-cooled is water-cooled, keeps high energy efficiency ratio.
Also comprise: eutectic salts Storage Unit (46);
Described eutectic salts Storage Unit (46) comprising: eutectic salts hydrate (47), retainer ring (48), can (48A), thermal trough (49);
Inner at a can made from Heat Conduction Material (48A), fill eutectic salts hydrate (47); Can (48A) axially have many thermal troughs (49), thermal trough has strengthened the contact area of eutectic salts Storage Unit (46) and the water of water tank, is convenient to allow the eutectic salts hydrate (47) in water and the container of water tank carry out exchange heat; Heat in the water of eutectic salts hydrate (47) the absorption water tank in can (48A), produces phase transformation, and eutectic salts is melted, and absorbs latent heat; Eutectic salts hydrate (47) in can (48A) is to the water heat release of water tank, produces phase transformation and freezes, and emits latent heat; Realize latent heat accumulator;
Under same volume or equal in quality, eutectic salts hydrate (47) has increased latent heat accumulator than the water that there is no phase transformation, adds eutectic salts hydrate can increase the energy storage capacity of water tank, saves volume, space, reduces costs.
Also comprise: shower monitoring system, intelligent temperature control module;
Shower monitoring system (60) comprising: shower display controller (54), biometric information sensor (55), shower Color-changing lamp (56), music player (57); Biometric information sensor (55) is a wrist type or finger cot type heart rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen concentration, E.E.G pick-up transducers, it is sent to shower display controller (54) user's heart rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen concentration, E.E.G, by control bus water temp. auto-control, to adapt to user's fitness; Control the broadcasting speed of music player (57), assisting users adaptive temperature changes simultaneously; And control shower Color-changing lamp (56) according to user the adaptation situation turn colors to temperature, adapt to as early as possible the temperature of hot water for assisted user, improve the health effect of hot bath; The temperature of this all-in-one hot water is except can, by manual adjustments, being adjusted to optimum numerical value according to user's condition intelligence by shower monitoring system.
Shower display controller (54) comprising: microcomputerized control chip (61), memory (61A), LCD display (62), remote control transceiver (63), USB dish/interface (64), network interface card (65), mobile communication module (66), wireless receiver (67), environment parameter sensing device (68), air/water temperature controller (69), brightness controller/illuminating lamp (70), color controller (71), sound equipment, TV, projecting apparatus, body sense power amplifier/body sense oscillator (72).
Intelligent temperature control module comprises: they are all connected to control bus (50) indoor set 1 display controller (51), outdoor controller (53), indoor set 2 display controllers (51A), boiler sensor (58), and shower display controller (54) is also connected to control bus (50); Comprise in addition indoor set 1 remote controller (52), indoor set 2 remote controllers (52A).
Boiler sensor (58) comprising: level sensor, temperature sensor, water quality sensor.
Water route is as follows: be connected to the water inlet of boiler (21) by running water water pipe by the boiler electromagnetic water valve (24) of intaking, the hot water of boiler (21) is by boiler water outlet electromagnetic water valve (23) supplying hot water.
For the equipment that has two indoor sets, can make low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit work in respectively 7 kinds of patterns by the duty that changes magnetic valve:
1. air conditioner refrigerating+air-conditioning heating+water heating, 2. air conditioner refrigerating+water heating, 3. air conditioner refrigerating+air-conditioning heating, 4. air-conditioning heating+water heating, 5. water heating, 6. air conditioner refrigerating, 7. air-conditioning heating;
For the equipment that only has a set of indoor set, there is no 1. this pattern of air conditioner refrigerating+air-conditioning heating+water heating:
Wherein air conditioner refrigerating, adopt water-cooling pattern while heating, UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN, Yu Leng utilize, the more air-cooled height of COP, hot water is the byproduct of the remaining cold utilization of waste heat of not consuming energy:
The equipment of various duties and the adapter order of connection are as follows:
1. air conditioner refrigerating+air-conditioning heating+water heating: be decomposed into: air-conditioning heating+air conditioner refrigerating, air conditioner refrigerating+water heating, two processes are worked simultaneously:
Air-conditioning heating+air conditioner refrigerating: compressor (1) → indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7): put G end → F1 pipe → indoor set 1 evaporator/condenser (8) → indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9) → liquid line (31) → indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13) → indoor set 2 evaporator/condenser (12) → F2 pipe → indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
Air conditioner refrigerating+water heating: compressor (1) → boiler three-way magnetic valve (18): put G end → H pipe → boiler evaporator/condenser (19) → boiler electric expansion valve (20) → liquid line (31) → indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13) → indoor set 2 evaporator/condenser (12) → F2 pipe → indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
2. air conditioner refrigerating+water heating:
Air conditioner refrigerating+water heating: compressor (1) → boiler three-way magnetic valve (18): put G end → H pipe → boiler evaporator/condenser (19) → boiler electric expansion valve (20) → liquid line (31) → indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13) → indoor set 2 evaporator/condenser (12) → F2 pipe → indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
3. air conditioner refrigerating+air-conditioning heating:
Air-conditioning heating+air conditioner refrigerating: compressor (1) → indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7): put G end → F1 pipe → indoor set 1 evaporator/condenser (8) → indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9) → liquid line (31) → indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13) → indoor set 2 evaporator/condenser (12) → F2 pipe → indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
4. air-conditioning heating+water heating, is decomposed into: air-conditioning heating+off-premises station refrigeration wind, and off-premises station refrigeration wind+water heating, two processes are worked simultaneously:
Air-conditioning heating+off-premises station refrigeration wind: compressor (1) → indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7): put G end → F1 pipe → indoor set 1 evaporator/condenser (8) → indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9) → liquid line (31) → off-premises station electric expansion valve (6) → off-premises station evaporator/condenser (3) → off-premises station three-way magnetic valve (5): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
Water heating+off-premises station refrigeration wind: compressor (1) → boiler three-way magnetic valve (18): put G end → H pipe → boiler evaporator/condenser (19) → boiler electric expansion valve (20) → liquid line (31) → off-premises station electric expansion valve (6) → off-premises station evaporator/condenser (3) → off-premises station three-way magnetic valve (5): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
5. water heating=off-premises station refrigeration wind+water heating:
Water heating+off-premises station refrigeration wind: compressor (1) → boiler three-way magnetic valve (18): put G end → H pipe → boiler evaporator/condenser (19) → boiler electric expansion valve (20) → liquid line (31) → off-premises station electric expansion valve (6) → off-premises station evaporator/condenser (3) → off-premises station three-way magnetic valve (5): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
6. air conditioner refrigerating=air conditioner refrigerating+water heating:
Air conditioner refrigerating+water heating: compressor (1) → boiler three-way magnetic valve (18): put G end → H pipe → boiler evaporator/condenser (19) → boiler electric expansion valve (20) → liquid line (31) → indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13) → indoor set 2 evaporator/condenser (12) → F2 pipe → indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
7. air-conditioning heating=air-conditioning heating+off-premises station refrigeration wind:
Air-conditioning heating+off-premises station refrigeration wind: compressor (1) → indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7): put G end → F1 pipe → indoor set 1 evaporator/condenser (8) → indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9) → liquid line (31) → off-premises station electric expansion valve (6) → off-premises station evaporator/condenser (3) → off-premises station three-way magnetic valve (5): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1).
Indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7), indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11), boiler three-way magnetic valve (18) are the control elements of controlling indoor set 1, indoor set 2, boiler cooling and warming, meet G and just can heat, meet D and just can freeze.If the demand that there is refrigeration the inside, the unit of the actual needs work such as indoor set 1, indoor set 2, boiler and heats, heat will be adopted by the unit of refrigeration in the unit heating, if the required heat Qh of heating unit equates with input power P sum with refrigeration unit liberated heat Qc, only input power P need be paid, available heat and the useful cold of Qh+Qc can be obtained; The cold Yu Leng of being that the process that heats produces utilizes, and the heat that process of refrigerastion produces is UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN; In the time that required heat Qh is uneven with required cold Qc+P, can utilize the idle function of water tank to absorb unnecessary heat, i.e. waste heat, becoming air-cooled is water-cooled, improves COP energy-conservation; If do not have idle water tank to absorb waste heat, can only employ off-premises station and do heat regulation: if shortcoming heat, off-premises station three-way magnetic valve (5) connects D refrigeration, coordinates off-premises station blower fan (4) to adopt heat to atmosphere; If shortcoming cold, off-premises station three-way magnetic valve (5) meets G and heats, and coordinates off-premises station blower fan (4) to atmosphere heat release;
When general calorific requirement Qh between indoor set, boiler equals consumed power P and chilling requirement Qc sum Qh=P+Qc, not needing the heat exchanger and the blower fan that start off-premises station to carry out heat exchange work to the external world, is the most energy-conservation working method;
In Qh > P+Qc, be cold and the input power sum that heat that the each unit of all-in-one needs is greater than needs, now need to use heat exchanger and the blower fan work of off-premises station, adopt heat by outdoor condenser/evaporimeter (3) to atmosphere, obtain their difference Qh1=Qh-P-Qc;
In Qh < P+Qc, it is the heat that the cold that needs of the each unit of all-in-one and input power sum are greater than needs, now need to use heat exchanger and the blower fan work of off-premises station, adopt coldly by outdoor condenser/evaporimeter (3) to atmosphere, obtain their difference Qc1=P+Qc-Qh;
Switch control, the control of refrigerated medium heat and the adjusting of temperature of concrete each off-premises station, indoor set, boiler just controlled by off-premises station electric expansion valve (6), indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9), indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13), boiler electric expansion valve (20).
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1: low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit band eutectic salts Storage Unit structural representation
Fig. 2: two indoor set low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit structural representations
Fig. 3: off-premises station increases the internal structure schematic diagram of indoor set interface
Fig. 4: lift-on/lift-off type hot water structural representation
Fig. 5: shower display controller structural representation
Fig. 6: the schematic diagram that replaces a three-way magnetic valve with two magnetic valves
[specific embodiment]
A kind of water tank outer container temperature equalizing method:
Use the boiler outer container samming unit (34) of this all-in-one, can carry out samming to boiler and outer container, step is as follows:
1. the outer wall of boiler (21) adopts the way of welding, bonding, is that trapezoidal interior case block (35) closely engages with the outer wall of hot and cold water tank one or more cross sections;
2. the way that adopts welding, bonding at the inwall of outer container (40) is that trapezoidal outer container block (36) closely engages with the inwall of outer container (40) one or more cross sections;
3. cross section is set between interior case block (35) and outer container block (36) is trapezoidal movable block (37), movable block (37) can move and interior case block (35) and outer container block (36) close contact, between interior case block (35) and outer container block (36), form the passage of heat, be convenient to, by the passage of heat, boiler (21) and outer container (40) are carried out to samming; Movable block (37) contacts and carries out samming with interior case block (35) and outer container block (36), separates and does not carry out samming;
4. samming process: whether movable block (37) contacts with interior case block (35) and outer container block (36), controlled by block self-locking electromagnet (38): block self-locking electromagnet (38) energising, block self-locking electromagnet (38) adhesive, movable block (37) is mobile to be contacted with interior case block (35) and outer container block (36), and samming process starts; Self-locking device action, makes movable block (37) keep contacting with interior case block (35) and outer container block (36), block self-locking electromagnet (38) power-off; After startup, in whole samming process, block self-locking electromagnet (38) need not be switched on always;
5. remove samming: block self-locking electromagnet (38) is switched on again, self-locking device is removed, movable block (37) disconnects contacting between interior case block (35) and outer container block (36) under the effect of back-moving spring, samming process finishes, block self-locking electromagnet (38) power-off;
6. interior case block (35), outer container block (36), movable block (37) are made by the good material of heat conduction.
The common variation that those skilled in the art carries out in the scope of technical solution of the present invention is replaced and all should be included in protection scope of the present invention.Useful effect: Fok, Henry Ying Tung is suffered from lymph cancer for 60 years old, because adhere to tempering the physique of oneself every day with ice pyrogenic process (hot and cold water contrast bath), lives and can be rated as miracle by 83 years old.Mr. Ma Yinchu is the body forces passerby of typical ice fire therapy, although he endures the body and mind strike that criticism causes to the fullest extent, 91 years old time, suffers from the carcinoma of the rectum, and ice fire therapy (hot and cold water contrast bath) makes it live by 101 years old just.The hot spring of part is provided with water pool and cold water pool at present, 12 ℃, ice pond, and 42 ℃, fiery pond, the temperature difference is larger; The temperature-controlled process of the application's hot and cold water contrast bath can be continuous the temperature that regulates respectively hot and cold water, to the people that keeps healthy of water pool and cold water pool who just brings into use this all-in-one to make, can first the temperature difference be turned down to just increasing after adapting to; Than directly going hot spring water pool and cold water pool more easily to adapt to.If alternately soak water pool and cold water pool, can temper blood vessel pliability, improve resistance, so few that to catch a cold.But the countryside of bathing in hot spring all must spend the time and take the expenditure of 100~200 yuan at every turn, even if think that bubble can not adhere to.So the present invention can make general family purchase and often use by the most cheap easy way, connects water, the electricity charge are no more than 3 yuan at every turn.Will greatly improve the whole people's fitness if promote well.Utilize this all-in-one can complete the repertoire about hydrotherapy in physical treatment: part rushes bath, maniluvium, lavipeditum, hip bath, half bath, whole body and rushes bath, full bath, WBS, cold bath (lower than 25 ℃), low temperature water-bath (25~32 ℃), not temperature-sensitive water-bath (33~38 ℃), tepidarium (more than 38 ℃), cold (lower than 20 ℃)-Re (40~45 ℃) water contrast bath.This all-in-one can also be used for the Hydrotherapy of hospital, SPA chamber, family and the enterprise in hotel.Oneself select different thermal water additives, can stay indoors and just enjoy the hot spring of various places different-style.In addition, reduce investment outlay, save electric energy, it is also its advantage that environmental protection reduces the space of installing.
Introduce according to " physiatrics pandect " the 17th chapter hydrotherapy (chief editor: Qiao Zhiheng, Fan Weiming scientific and technical literature publishing house):
Hydrotherapy is to the each system organ of human body effect comparison sheet
The accommodation of hydrotherapy:
(1) internal disease: oneself is poisoning for high blood pressure, nervus vasculairs disease, early stage artery sclerosis, compensatory phase of cardiac disorder, gastrointestinal dysfunction, functional colitis, habitual constipation, enteron aisle, obesity, rheumatic myalgia, tired syndrome, rheumatism or rheumatoid arthritis, gout, kidney disease, ephidrosis, occupational lead or mercury poisoning etc.(2) neurology department's disease: neurasthenia, vegetative nerve functional disturbance, neuralgia, neuritis, peripheral nerve paralysis.Raynaud's disease etc.(3) surgical disease: chronic eczema, honor measles, cutaneum carcinoma itch disease, psoriasis, seborrhea, multiple furuncle.Multiple folliculitis, chronic occlusion thromboendarteritis, burn after functional training and recovery after scabies secondary infection, large area paralysis trace contracture, arthrocleisis, wound, hemorrhoid, prostatitis etc.(4) gynaecology: amenorrhoea, hypoovarianism, chronic pelvic illness etc.

Claims (9)

1. a low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit, is characterized in that: comprise off-premises station, a minimum indoor set 1, a minimum boiler (21), the public refrigerant adapter of bus type, comprising: liquid line (31);
H pipe between F1 pipe, off-premises station and boiler (21) between off-premises station and indoor set 1;
Off-premises station inside comprises high-pressure air pipe (30), low pressure gas pipe (32).
2. low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Indoor set configures one or more sets as required; For the user that will use air-conditioning cold wind and air-conditioning hot blast simultaneously, indoor set is wanted two; The indoor set 2 increasing or the structure of other indoor sets are identical with indoor set 1; The F2 that will increase when increasing indoor set 2 between off-premises station and indoor set 2 manages;
Continue to increase indoor set, in off-premises station, increase the F4 pipe between F3 pipe, indoor set 4 three-way magnetic valves (11B) and off-premises station and the indoor set 4 between indoor set 3 three-way magnetic valves (11A) and off-premises station and indoor set 3; The structure of the indoor set increasing is identical with indoor set 1;
Continue to increase boiler 2, in off-premises station, increase the H1 pipe between boiler 2 three-way magnetic valves (15) and off-premises station and boiler 2; The structure of the boiler 2 increasing is identical with boiler;
Liquid line (31) is public adapter, and off-premises station electric expansion valve (6), indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9), indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13), boiler electric expansion valve (20) are all connected in parallel in the above; Between indoor set 1, indoor set 2, boiler (21) and off-premises station, also to be connected a special tracheae, be respectively: indoor set 1 connects F1 pipe, indoor set 2 connects F2 pipe, boiler (21) connection H pipe;
What high-pressure air pipe (30) circulated is the high pressure refrigerant gas of low pressure refrigerant gas after compressor compresses; What liquid line (31) circulated is the refrigerant liquid that high pressure refrigerant gas is cooled to after condenser heat release; What low pressure gas pipe (32) circulated is the low pressure refrigerant gas of refrigerant liquid after evaporimeter heat absorption; Control bus (50) is for being communicated with control circuit and the power supply circuits of each unit.
Wherein boiler can use suspension type.
3. low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Off-premises station comprises: compressor (1), gas-liquid separator (2), outdoor condenser/evaporimeter (3), off-premises station blower fan (4), off-premises station three-way magnetic valve (5), off-premises station electric expansion valve (6), indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7), indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11), boiler three-way magnetic valve (18), high-pressure air pipe (30), low pressure gas pipe (32);
Indoor set 1 comprises: indoor set 1 evaporator/condenser (8), indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9), indoor set 1 blower fan (10);
Indoor set 2 comprises: indoor set 2 evaporator/condenser (12), indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13), indoor set 2 blower fans (14);
Boiler (21) comprising: boiler evaporator/condenser (19), boiler electric expansion valve (20);
Boiler also comprises: interior outer container heat-insulation layer (39), outer container (40), vertical outer container fixed mount (41), hanging outer container fixed mount (42);
For the narrower and small user in space, boiler can be changed into and hangs wall lifting.
4. low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Also comprise: interior case outer container samming unit;
Described interior case outer container samming unit (34), comprising: interior case block (35), outer container block (36), movable block (37), block self-locking electromagnet (38);
Movable block (37) in boiler in outer container samming unit (34) is under the control of block self-locking electromagnet (38), interior case block (35) and outer container block (36) are carried out to hot short circuit, allow interior case and outer container samming, the heat of boiler is conducted to space by outer container, change the temperature of boiler, thereby repeatedly thermotropism heat dissipation of water tank, becoming air-cooled is water-cooled, keeps high energy efficiency ratio.
5. low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Also comprise: eutectic salts Storage Unit (46);
Described eutectic salts Storage Unit (46) comprising: eutectic salts hydrate (47), retainer ring (48), can (48A), thermal trough (49);
Inner at a can made from Heat Conduction Material (48A), fill eutectic salts hydrate (47); Can (48A) axially have many thermal troughs (49), thermal trough has strengthened the contact area of eutectic salts Storage Unit (46) and the water of water tank, is convenient to allow the eutectic salts hydrate (47) in water and the container of water tank carry out exchange heat; Heat in the water of eutectic salts hydrate (47) the absorption water tank in can (48A), produces phase transformation, and eutectic salts is melted, and absorbs latent heat; Eutectic salts hydrate (47) in can (48A) is to the water heat release of water tank, and generation is intersected and freezed, and emits latent heat; Realize latent heat accumulator.
6. low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Also comprise: shower monitoring system, intelligent temperature control module;
Shower monitoring system (60) comprising: shower display controller (54), biometric information sensor (55), shower Color-changing lamp (56), music player (57); Biometric information sensor (55) is a wrist type or finger cot type heart rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen concentration, E.E.G pick-up transducers, it is sent to shower display controller (54) user's heart rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen concentration, E.E.G, by control bus water temp. auto-control, to adapt to user's fitness; Control the broadcasting speed of music player (57), assisting users adaptive temperature changes simultaneously; And control shower Color-changing lamp (56) according to user the adaptation situation turn colors to temperature, adapt to as early as possible the temperature of hot water for assisted user, improve the health effect of hot bath; The temperature of this all-in-one hot water is except can, by manual adjustments, being adjusted to optimum numerical value according to user's condition intelligence by shower monitoring system;
Shower display controller (54) comprising: microcomputerized control chip (61), memory (61A), LCD display (62), remote control transceiver (63), USB dish/interface (64), network interface card (65), mobile communication module (66), wireless receiver (67), environment parameter sensing device (68), air/water temperature controller (69), brightness controller/illuminating lamp (70), color controller (71), sound equipment, TV, projecting apparatus, body sense power amplifier/body sense oscillator (72),
Intelligent temperature control module comprises: they are all connected to control bus (50) indoor set 1 display controller (51), outdoor controller (53), indoor set 2 display controllers (51A), boiler sensor (58), and shower display controller (54) is also connected to control bus (50); Comprise in addition indoor set 1 remote controller (52), indoor set 2 remote controllers (52A);
Boiler sensor (58) comprising: level sensor, temperature sensor, water quality sensor.
7. low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Water route is as follows: be connected to the water inlet of boiler (21) by running water water pipe by the boiler electromagnetic water valve (24) of intaking, the hot water of boiler (21) is by boiler water outlet electromagnetic water valve (23) supplying hot water.
8. low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit according to claim 1: it is characterized in that:
For the equipment that has two indoor sets, can make low energy consumption heat-pump air conditioning unit work in respectively 7 kinds of patterns by the duty that changes magnetic valve:
1. air conditioner refrigerating+air-conditioning heating+water heating, 2. air conditioner refrigerating+water heating, 3. air conditioner refrigerating+air-conditioning heating, 4. air-conditioning heating+water heating, 5. water heating, 6. air conditioner refrigerating, 7. air-conditioning heating;
For the equipment that only has a set of indoor set, there is no 1. this pattern of air conditioner refrigerating+air-conditioning heating+water heating:
Wherein air conditioner refrigerating, adopt water-cooling pattern while heating, UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN, Yu Leng utilize, the more air-cooled height of COP, hot water is the byproduct of the remaining cold utilization of waste heat of not consuming energy:
The equipment of various duties and the adapter order of connection are as follows:
1. air conditioner refrigerating+air-conditioning heating+water heating: be decomposed into: air-conditioning heating+air conditioner refrigerating, air conditioner refrigerating+water heating, two processes are worked simultaneously:
Air-conditioning heating+air conditioner refrigerating: compressor (1) → indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7): put G end → F1 pipe → indoor set 1 evaporator/condenser (8) → indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9) → liquid line (31) → indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13) → indoor set 2 evaporator/condenser (12) → F2 pipe → indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
Air conditioner refrigerating+water heating: compressor (1) → boiler three-way magnetic valve (18): put G end → H pipe → boiler evaporator/condenser (19) → boiler electric expansion valve (20) → liquid line (31) → indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13) → indoor set 2 evaporator/condenser (12) → F2 pipe → indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
2. air conditioner refrigerating+water heating:
Air conditioner refrigerating+water heating: compressor (1) → boiler three-way magnetic valve (18): put G end → H pipe → boiler evaporator/condenser (19) → boiler electric expansion valve (20) → liquid line (31) → indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13) → indoor set 2 evaporator/condenser (12) → F2 pipe → indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
3. air conditioner refrigerating+air-conditioning heating
Air-conditioning heating+air conditioner refrigerating: compressor (1) → indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7): put G end → F1 pipe → indoor set 1 evaporator/condenser (8) → indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9) → liquid line (31) → indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13) → indoor set 2 evaporator/condenser (12) → F2 pipe → indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
4. air-conditioning heating+water heating, is decomposed into: air-conditioning heating+off-premises station refrigeration wind, and off-premises station refrigeration wind+water heating, two processes are worked simultaneously:
Air-conditioning heating+off-premises station refrigeration wind: compressor (1) → indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7): put G end → F1 pipe → indoor set 1 evaporator/condenser (8) → indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9) → liquid line (31) → off-premises station electric expansion valve (6) → off-premises station evaporator/condenser (3) → off-premises station three-way magnetic valve (5): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
Water heating+off-premises station refrigeration wind: compressor (1) → boiler three-way magnetic valve (18): put G end → H pipe → boiler evaporator/condenser (19) → boiler electric expansion valve (20) → liquid line (31) → off-premises station electric expansion valve (6) → off-premises station evaporator/condenser (3) → off-premises station three-way magnetic valve (5): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
5. water heating=off-premises station refrigeration wind+water heating;
Water heating+off-premises station refrigeration wind: compressor (1) → boiler three-way magnetic valve (18): put G end → H pipe → boiler evaporator/condenser (19) → boiler electric expansion valve (20) → liquid line (31) → off-premises station electric expansion valve (6) → off-premises station evaporator/condenser (3) → off-premises station three-way magnetic valve (5): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
6. air conditioner refrigerating=air conditioner refrigerating+water heating
Air conditioner refrigerating+water heating: compressor (1) → boiler three-way magnetic valve (18): put G end → H pipe → boiler evaporator/condenser (19) → boiler electric expansion valve (20) → liquid line (31) → indoor set 2 electric expansion valves (13) → indoor set 2 evaporator/condenser (12) → F2 pipe → indoor set 2 three-way magnetic valves (11): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1);
7. air-conditioning heating=air-conditioning heating+off-premises station refrigeration wind;
Air-conditioning heating+off-premises station refrigeration wind: compressor (1) → indoor set 1 three-way magnetic valve (7): put G end → F1 pipe → indoor set 1 evaporator/condenser (8) → indoor set 1 electric expansion valve (9) → liquid line (31) → off-premises station electric expansion valve (6) → off-premises station evaporator/condenser (3) → off-premises station three-way magnetic valve (5): put D end → gas-liquid separator (2) → compressor (1).
9. a water tank outer container temperature equalizing method, is characterized in that:
Use the outer container samming unit (34) of this all-in-one, can carry out samming to boiler and outer container, step is as follows:
1. the outer wall of boiler (21) adopts the way of welding, bonding, is that trapezoidal interior case block (35) closely engages with the outer wall of hot and cold water tank one or more cross sections;
2. the way that adopts welding, bonding at the inwall of outer container (40) is that trapezoidal outer container block (36) closely engages with the inwall of outer container (40) one or more cross sections;
3. cross section is set between interior case block (35) and outer container block (36) is trapezoidal movable block (37), movable block (37) can move and interior case block (35) and outer container block (36) close contact, between interior case block (35) and outer container block (36), form the passage of heat, be convenient to, by the passage of heat, boiler (21) and outer container (40) are carried out to samming; Movable block (37) contacts and carries out samming with interior case block (35) and outer container block (36), separates and does not carry out samming;
4. samming process: whether movable block (37) contacts with interior case block (35) and outer container block (36), controlled by block self-locking electromagnet (38): block self-locking electromagnet (38) energising, block self-locking electromagnet (38) adhesive, movable block (37) is mobile to be contacted with interior case block (35) and outer container block (36), and samming process starts; Self-locking device action, makes movable block (37) keep contacting with interior case block (35) and outer container block (36), block self-locking electromagnet (38) power-off; After startup, in whole samming process, block self-locking electromagnet (38) need not be switched on always;
5. remove samming: block self-locking electromagnet (38) is switched on again, self-locking device is removed, movable block (37) disconnects contacting between interior case block (35) and outer container block (36) under the effect of back-moving spring, samming process finishes, block self-locking electromagnet (38) power-off;
6. interior case block (35), outer container block (36), movable block (37) are made by the good material of heat conduction.
CN201410119870.0A 2013-06-08 2014-03-27 Low-energy-consumption heat pump air-conditioning equipment and method Active CN103851731B (en)

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