CN103843647B - A kind of coil type is from the Driven by Solar Energy device walking irrigation sprinkler - Google Patents

A kind of coil type is from the Driven by Solar Energy device walking irrigation sprinkler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103843647B
CN103843647B CN201410036088.2A CN201410036088A CN103843647B CN 103843647 B CN103843647 B CN 103843647B CN 201410036088 A CN201410036088 A CN 201410036088A CN 103843647 B CN103843647 B CN 103843647B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar panels
reel
speed
solar
accumulator
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Application number
CN201410036088.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103843647A (en
Inventor
吴普特
朱德兰
葛茂生
巩兴辉
朱金福
张�林
张以升
刘柯南
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西北农林科技大学
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Priority to CN201410036088.2A priority Critical patent/CN103843647B/en
Publication of CN103843647A publication Critical patent/CN103843647A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of coil type from the Driven by Solar Energy device walking irrigation sprinkler, including reel sprinkling irrigation machine, reel sprinkling irrigation machine is provided with the parts such as solar panels, illumination induction apparatus, rotating mechanism, driving motor, decelerator, speed sensor, use solar powered motor to drive, overcome general irrigation sprinkler and commonly use the shortcoming that hydroturbine driving energy consumption is higher;Employing solar panels are storage battery power supply, it is to avoid farmland sets up the complex situations of supply line;It is equipped with intelligence sun tracking system, it is ensured that solar panels autorotation also adjusts angle, it is ensured that solar panels have higher photovoltaic efficiency for solar panels;And on flexible pipe, it being mounted with speed sensor, Negotiation speed controls closed-loop control system makes to coil car flexible pipe and the most at the uniform velocity moves when closed tube, it is to avoid because soft tube winding is layered the speed difference caused, it is ensured that the water yield is sprayed and is uniformly distributed.Solve the defects such as existing reel sprinkling irrigation machine energy consumption height, equipment heaviness, water-spraying amount skewness.

Description

A kind of coil type is from the Driven by Solar Energy device walking irrigation sprinkler
Technical field
The invention belongs to the crossing domain of agricultural irrigation machinery and photovoltaic generation, be specifically related to A kind of coil type is from the Driven by Solar Energy device walking irrigation sprinkler.
Background technology
Reel sprinkling irrigation machine is that a kind of water-saving irrigation relatively broad in China's popularization and application is sprayed Device, has possessed sprinkling irrigation water-saving, laborsaving, to the soil suitability by force and beneficially water and soil conservation Deng many advantages.Because of it, to possess investment low again, uses flexibly, it is adaptable to the filling of multiple kinds of crops Irrigate, wait various features to be widely used in farmland to ground flat degree is less demanding.But market Upper common reel sprinkling irrigation machine many employings hydroturbine drives, it is desirable to have higher hydraulic pressure in pipeline Impact driving mechanism, thus energy consumption is higher.Result of the test shows, uses hydraulic drive apparatus meeting Reduce the overall of unit and spray uniformity.Meanwhile, most of field irrigation regions, lack electric power Supply, thus limit the large-area applications of irrigation sprinkler.
Summary of the invention
The defect existed for above-mentioned existing reel sprinkling irrigation machine or deficiency, the purpose of the present invention It is, it is provided that a kind of coil type walks the Driven by Solar Energy device of irrigation sprinkler certainly, and irrigation sprinkler is at flexible pipe Do not affected by pipe layered during coiling, at the uniform velocity realized sprinkling process.
In order to realize above-mentioned task, the present invention takes following technical solution:
A kind of coil type walks the Driven by Solar Energy device of irrigation sprinkler certainly, including reel sprinkling irrigation machine, This reel sprinkling irrigation machine includes foot support, has road wheel below foot support;There is volume foot support one end Dish, reel inner disc has flexible pipe, and reel is connected with reel decelerator by chain, reel decelerator Connecting and have reel motor, reel motor is by storage battery power supply;It is characterized in that:
Foot support is provided with a cuboid support frame, described accumulator, reel motor With the lower floor that reel decelerator is positioned at cuboid support frame;
It is also equipped with speed sensor, for monitoring in reel below cuboid support frame Flexible pipe velocity of rotation, and by velocity feedback to speed control, speed control is by present speed Contrast with preset speeds, automatically adjust the rotating speed of reel motor, by closed loop Real-time monitoring is constant to ensure the flexible pipe speed of service in pipe crimping;
Be fixed with decelerator on the upper strata of cuboid support frame, solar panels drive motor, rotation Turn montant, accumulator and electrical control cabinet, wherein:
The described montant that rotates is fixed with solar panels by the steel elbow of head, at solar energy Plate is provided with illumination induction apparatus, rotates and is provided with overhanging draw-in groove, on overhanging draw-in groove in the middle part of montant It is fixed with the electric expansion bar being connected with solar panels;
In described electrical control cabinet equipped with overload protective device, speed control, time switch, Ammeter, voltmeter and accumulator surplus display;Wherein, described overload protective device connects Between solar panels and accumulator, described speed control is connected to speed sensor and volume Between coil motor, described time switch is connected on the connection circuitry of illumination induction apparatus.
The coil type of the present invention walks the Driven by Solar Energy device of irrigation sprinkler certainly, and its technical advantage is such as Under:
1, the development trend changed to low pressure low energy consumption according to sprinkler irrigation technique, selects to use motor Drive, reduce Pipeline Water pressure, decrease water pump match power.
2, according to outlying district or field power more difficulty practical situation, select use light Volt generation technology is that unit is powered, and energy-conserving and environment-protective eliminate the erection of field complexity supply line.
3, according to common reel uniform rotation closed tube time, owing to flexible pipe is made at reel higher slice The actual closed tube speed become is unequal and causes sprinkling non-uniform phenomenon, uses based on velocity pick-up The closed-loop control system of device adjusts motor speed in time, it is ensured that shower nozzle is the evenest within the sprinkling cycle Speed motion.
4, change all the time according to the sun inner orientation of a day, use solar energy to seek track technology to protect Card solar panel is vertical with sun line direction all the time, makes photovoltaic efficiency maximize.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that the disk type of this photovoltaic generation is from walking irrigation sprinkler front perspective view;
Fig. 2 is that the disk type of this photovoltaic generation is from walking irrigation sprinkler side perspective view;
Fig. 3 is that the disk type of this photovoltaic generation is from walking irrigation sprinkler electrical control cabinet and internal junction thereof Structure schematic diagram;
Labelling in figure represents respectively: 1, foot support, 2, cuboid support frame, 3, too Sun can plate, 4, decelerator, 5, solar panels drive motor, 6, rotate montant, 7, steel Elbow, 8, overhanging draw-in groove, 9, electric expansion bar, 10, illumination induction apparatus, 11, accumulator, 12, overload protective device, 13, reel motor, 14, reel decelerator, 15, reel, 16, Speed sensor, 17, speed control, 18, time switch, 19, electrical control cabinet, 20, Ammeter, 21, voltmeter, 22, accumulator surplus display.
For making the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below to combining accompanying drawing The present invention is described in further detail with embodiment.
Detailed description of the invention
As Figure 1-3, the present embodiment provides a kind of coil type and drives from the solar energy walking irrigation sprinkler The concrete structure of dynamic device, including reel sprinkling irrigation machine, this reel sprinkling irrigation machine includes foot and props up Frame 1, has road wheel below foot support 1;There is reel 15 foot support 1 one end, in reel 15 Dish has flexible pipe, reel 15 to be connected with reel decelerator 14 by chain, reel decelerator 14 Connecting has reel motor 13, reel motor 13 to be powered by accumulator 11;
Foot support 1 is provided with a cuboid support frame 2, described accumulator 11, volume Coil motor 13 and reel decelerator 14 are positioned at the lower floor of cuboid support frame 2;
Below cuboid support frame 2, it is also equipped with speed sensor 16, is used for monitoring volume Flexible pipe velocity of rotation in dish 15, and by velocity feedback to speed control 17, speed controlling Present speed is contrasted by device 17 with preset speeds, automatically adjusts turning of reel motor 13 Speed, by the real-time monitoring of closed loop, to ensure that the flexible pipe speed of service in pipe crimping 15 is not Become;Negotiation speed controller 17 realizes the stepless speed regulation at 0-60cm/min of the flexible pipe speed of service. Thus avoid the speed difference caused at reel 15 higher slice because of flexible pipe, improve sprinkling irrigation The spray effect of machine.
Be fixed with decelerator 4 on the upper strata of cuboid support frame 2, solar panels drive motor 5, montant 6, accumulator 11 and electrical control cabinet 19 are rotated, wherein:
The described montant 6 that rotates is fixed with solar panels 3 by the steel elbow 7 of head, Solar panels 3 are provided with illumination induction apparatus 10, rotate and are provided with overhanging draw-in groove 8 in the middle part of montant 6, Overhanging draw-in groove 8 is fixed with the electric expansion bar 9 being connected with solar panels 3;
Equipped with overload protective device 12, speed control 17 in described electrical control cabinet 19, determine Shi Kaiguan 18, ammeter 20, voltmeter 21 and accumulator surplus display 22;Wherein, Overload protective device 12 is connected between solar panels 3 and accumulator 11, described speed controlling Device 17 is connected between speed sensor 16 and reel motor 13, described time switch 18 It is connected on the connection circuitry of illumination induction apparatus 10.
Cuboid support frame 2 is fixed on the overhanging cross bar of foot support 1, and frame material selects Angle steel, with the connected mode of foot support 1 for welding.Cuboid support frame 2 is divided into 2 Aspect, each aspect forms bearing by several steel levers of welding, is used for laying difference in functionality Device.
For the decelerator 4 that bolt is fixing on the upper strata bearing of cuboid support frame 2, slow down The transverse axis of device 4 drives motor 5 to be connected with solar panels, and longitudinal axis welds with rotating montant 6 lower end Connect.Rotate montant 9 upper end one size of welding can just be stuck in the draw-in groove of solar panels 3 back Steel elbow 7, this steel elbow 7 is reserved with bolt hole, steel elbow 7 passes through bolt Hole is connected with solar panels 3 bolt.So, solar panels 3 are just fixing by rotating montant 6 On the upper strata bearing of cuboid support frame 2, solar panels 3 are with the rotation of the decelerator longitudinal axis 360 ° of rotations in horizontal plane can be completed.
Rotating medium position one overhanging draw-in groove 8 of welding of montant 6, overhanging draw-in groove 8 passes through Bolt is connected with the end of electric expansion bar 9, and the other end of electric expansion bar 9 withstands on solar energy On the back draw-in groove of plate 3.So, by elongation and the shortening of electric expansion bar 9, solar energy Plate can complete the rotation in vertical.
Illumination induction apparatus 10 is fixed on the front center position of solar panels 3, illumination induction apparatus The effect of 10 is that the solar energy spike master control borad by being connected receives voltage signal and compares Relatively processing, position that Automatic-searching illumination is the strongest also ensures normal thereto, solar energy spike master control Plate at least includes single-chip microcomputer and relay, by single-chip microcomputer calculation process and drive corresponding relay Device action, drives sun electric expansion bar 9 or solar panels to drive motor 5 forward or reverse. So, it becomes possible to adjust solar panels 3 all the time towards direction of illumination, to ensure maximum luminous energy Transformation efficiency.
Overload during for preventing solar panels 3 to charge to accumulator 11, increases by one between Individual overload protective device 12.
For preventing solar panels 3 at night in the face of the idle rotation of multi-point source, or meet too Sun can be sought the timing section of track and carry out, and installs one and determine on the connection circuitry of illumination induction apparatus 10 Shi Kaiguan 19.
By overload protective device 12, time switch 18, speed control 17 and remaining circuit control Switch processed is incorporated in an electrical control cabinet 19, is fastened by bolts and props up seat frame at cuboid On the sidewall of frame 2.Additionally, in electrical control cabinet 19, be also arranged ammeter 20, electricity Pressure table 21 and accumulator surplus display 22.
In the present embodiment, accumulator 11 is the accumulator of two pieces of voltage 12V, monolithic accumulator Idle capacity is 120AH, a size of 505 × 182 × 212mm, and weight is 22kg.
Solar panels drive motor 5 to use 24V DC speed-reducing, electric current 4.5A, rotating speed 1800 turns/min, power is 65W, torque 3.5Nm.
The specification of solar panels 3 is 1640 × 990 × 40mm, (AM1.5 under standard test condition Spectrum, 1000W/m2Solar global irradiance, device 25 DEG C) peak power is 250W, crest voltage 29.9V, peak point current 8.36A, short circuit current 8.81A, open-circuit voltage 37.3V, assembly is imitated Rate 17.1%.
The speed reducing ratio of decelerator 4 is 1:40.
In actual motion, luminous energy is changed into electric energy by solar panels 3, at overload protective device Under the monitoring of 12, electric energy is supplemented to accumulator 11.Within the watering period, illumination induction apparatus 10 Experience the change of solar azimuth, receive voltage by the solar energy spike master control borad being connected and believe Number and carry out comparison process, in photo-thermal and field of photovoltaic power generation, due to solar energy tracking technology Through highly developed, it at least includes single-chip microcomputer and relay, by single-chip microcomputer calculation process and drive The dynamic corresponding actuating of relay so that electric expansion bar 9 or solar panels drive motor 5 to enter Row corresponding actions (forward or reverse), to adjust solar panels 3 all the time really towards direction of illumination, Ensure higher photoelectric conversion efficiency.
In actual motion, set reel by the speed control 17 in electrical control cabinet 19 The velocity of rotation of the flexible pipe in 15, reel motor 13 receives signal to start to rotate, and subtracts through reel 15 1 actual rotation speed of reel, the speed of reel 15 obliquely downward is given after speed device 14 speed governing Flexible pipe actual rotation speed in reel 15 is tested the speed by induction apparatus 16, and and setting speed Contrast.When both misfit, automatically adjust the real-world operation speed of reel motor 13. So, when the flexible pipe in reel 15 starts at reel higher slice, the velocity of rotation of reel 15 Finely tune therewith, thus ensure stablizing of the flexible pipe speed of service in reel 15.

Claims (7)

1. coil type walks a Driven by Solar Energy device for irrigation sprinkler certainly, sprays including disk type Machine, this reel sprinkling irrigation machine includes that foot support (1), foot support (1) lower section have road wheel, Foot support (1) one end has reel (15), reel (15) inner disc to have flexible pipe, reel (15) Being connected with reel decelerator (14) by chain, reel decelerator (14) connects reel electricity Machine (13), reel motor (13) is by accumulator (11) power supply, the sun above accumulator Can plate (3) be accumulator charging;It is characterized in that:
Foot support (1) is provided with a cuboid support frame (2), described accumulator (11), reel motor (13) and reel decelerator (14) are positioned at cuboid support frame (2) Lower floor;
It is also equipped with speed sensor (16) in cuboid support frame (2) lower section, is used for supervising Survey the flexible pipe velocity of rotation in reel (15), and by velocity feedback to speed control (17), Present speed is contrasted by speed control (17) with preset speeds, automatically adjusts reel The rotating speed of motor (13), by the real-time monitoring of closed loop, to ensure in pipe crimping (15) The flexible pipe speed of service constant;
Be fixed with decelerator (4) on the upper strata of cuboid support frame (2), solar panels drive Galvanic electricity machine (5), rotation montant (6), accumulator (11) and electrical control cabinet (19), its In:
Described rotation montant (6) is fixed with solar panels by the steel elbow (7) of head (3), solar panels (3) are provided with illumination induction apparatus (10), are rotating montant (6) Middle part is provided with overhanging draw-in groove (8), is fixed with and solar panels (3) on overhanging draw-in groove (8) The electric expansion bar (9) being connected;
Equipped with overload protective device (12), speed control in described electrical control cabinet (19) (17), time switch (18), ammeter (20), voltmeter (21) and accumulator surplus Display (22);Wherein, described overload protective device (12) is connected to solar panels (3) And between accumulator (11), described speed control (17) is connected to speed sensor (16) With between reel motor (13), described time switch (18) is connected to illumination induction apparatus (10) Connection circuitry on.
2. coil type as claimed in claim 1 walks the Driven by Solar Energy device of irrigation sprinkler certainly, It is characterized in that, described decelerator (4) is bolted on cuboid support frame (2) Upper strata, the transverse axis of decelerator (4) and solar panels drive motor (5) to be connected, longitudinal axis Weld with rotating montant (6) lower end;Rotating montant (6) upper end one size of welding can just It is stuck in the steel elbow (7) in the draw-in groove of solar panels (3) back, on this steel elbow (7) Being reserved with bolt hole, steel elbow (7) is connected with solar panels (3) bolt by bolt hole; Solar panels (3) are fixed on the upper of cuboid support frame (2) by rotating montant (6) Layer, solar panels (3) realize 360 ° of rotations in horizontal plane with the rotation of decelerator (4) longitudinal axis Turn;
It is connected by the end of bolt with electric expansion bar (9) on described overhanging draw-in groove (8), The other end of electric expansion bar (9) withstands on the back draw-in groove of solar panels (3), by electricity The elongation of dynamic expansion link (9) and shortening, solar panels (3) realize the rotation in vertical.
3. coil type as claimed in claim 1 walks the Driven by Solar Energy device of irrigation sprinkler certainly, It is characterized in that, the specification of described solar panels (3) is 1640 × 990 × 40mm, It is high-power for 250W, crest voltage 29.9V, peak point current 8.36A, short circuit current 8.81A, Open-circuit voltage 37.3V, component efficiency 17.1%.
4. coil type as claimed in claim 1 walks the Driven by Solar Energy device of irrigation sprinkler certainly, It is characterized in that, described illumination induction apparatus (10) is positioned in the front of solar panels (3) Heart position, for the different output bias voltages according to solar azimuth, by the sun being connected Voltage signal can be received and carries out comparison process by spike master control borad, described solar energy spike master control Plate at least includes single-chip microcomputer and relay, by single-chip microcomputer calculation process and drive the actuating of relay, Drive solar panels to drive motor (5) forward or reverse, and drive electric expansion bar (9) Flexible.
5. coil type as claimed in claim 1 walks the Driven by Solar Energy device of irrigation sprinkler certainly, It is characterized in that, the described accumulator that accumulator (11) is two pieces of voltage 12V, monolithic stores Battery reserve capacity is 120AH, a size of 505 × 182 × 212mm, and weight is 22kg.
6. coil type as claimed in claim 1 walks the Driven by Solar Energy device of irrigation sprinkler certainly, It is characterized in that, described solar panels drive motor (5) to use 24V DC speed-reducing, Electric current 4.5A, 1800 turns/min of rotating speed, power is 65W, torque 3.5Nm.
7. coil type as claimed in claim 1 walks the Driven by Solar Energy device of irrigation sprinkler certainly, It is characterized in that, the speed reducing ratio of described decelerator (4) is 1:40.
CN201410036088.2A 2014-01-26 2014-01-26 A kind of coil type is from the Driven by Solar Energy device walking irrigation sprinkler CN103843647B (en)

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CN104472320B (en) * 2014-11-26 2016-08-24 西北农林科技大学 Driving reel sprinkling irrigation machine combined by a kind of visualization hydroturbine and solar energy motor
CN104472319B (en) * 2014-11-26 2017-01-25 西北农林科技大学 Solar-driven sprinkling irrigation machine traction device
CN104571049B (en) * 2015-01-13 2018-08-31 河北农哈哈机械集团有限公司 A kind of reel sprinkling irrigation machine transmission speed data acquisition device and monitoring system
CN105724193B (en) * 2016-02-19 2019-04-09 江苏华源节水股份有限公司 A kind of sun-generated electric power vehicle of electronic sprinkler with reel
CN105717951B (en) * 2016-03-24 2018-05-29 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Reel sprinkling irrigation machine irrigation quantity intelligent accurate control system and control method
CN107197847A (en) * 2017-06-14 2017-09-26 合肥市禾兴生态养殖科技有限公司 Solar power spreads drip irrigation zone car
CN107258488A (en) * 2017-06-14 2017-10-20 合肥市禾兴生态养殖科技有限公司 Solar power irrigator
CN108450303A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-08-28 江苏华源节水股份有限公司 A kind of self-priming eddies of water wheel drive sprinkler with reel
CN108946315A (en) * 2018-08-04 2018-12-07 芜湖品源装饰工程有限责任公司 A kind of automatic pipe collecting machine

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EP1008293A1 (en) * 1997-06-05 2000-06-14 Conca Moreno, Joaquin Self-contained ecological watering system
CN202348601U (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-07-25 武汉无限光电科技有限公司 Solar water pump device
CN202799819U (en) * 2012-09-09 2013-03-20 沽源县海源农牧机械有限公司 Reel type electric translational sprinkling machine
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