CN103838802B - Data processing apparatus and data processing method - Google Patents

Data processing apparatus and data processing method Download PDF

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CN103838802B
CN103838802B CN 201310017763 CN201310017763A CN103838802B CN 103838802 B CN103838802 B CN 103838802B CN 201310017763 CN201310017763 CN 201310017763 CN 201310017763 A CN201310017763 A CN 201310017763A CN 103838802 B CN103838802 B CN 103838802B
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CN 201310017763
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CN103838802A (en )
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李哲荣
康浩平
陈致宏
庄棨椉
邱育生
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财团法人资讯工业策进会
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03MCODING; DECODING; CODE CONVERSION IN GENERAL
    • H03M7/00Conversion of a code where information is represented by a given sequence or number of digits to a code where the same information or similar information or a subset of information is represented by a different sequence or number of digits
    • H03M7/30Compression; Expansion; Suppression of unnecessary data, e.g. redundancy reduction
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03MCODING; DECODING; CODE CONVERSION IN GENERAL
    • H03M7/00Conversion of a code where information is represented by a given sequence or number of digits to a code where the same information or similar information or a subset of information is represented by a different sequence or number of digits
    • H03M7/30Compression; Expansion; Suppression of unnecessary data, e.g. redundancy reduction
    • H03M7/60General implementation details not specific to a particular type of compression
    • H03M7/6064Selection of Compressor
    • H03M7/6082Selection strategies
    • H03M7/6088Selection strategies according to the data type

Abstract

本发明提供一种数据处理装置及其数据处理方法。 The present invention provides a data processing apparatus and data processing method. 该数据处理装置包含一暂存器以及一处理器,且二者彼此电性连结。 The data processing apparatus comprising a processor and a register, and which are electrically connected to each other properties. 该暂存器储存数笔数据,且各笔数据包含一第一子数据及一第二子数据。 The register storing a plurality of data, and each pen comprises a first sub-data and a second sub-data. 该等第一数据对应至一第一栏位,且该等第二数据对应至一第二栏位。 The plurality of first data corresponding to a first column, and such a second data corresponds to the second column. 该处理器根据该等第一子数据的一第一特性,以一第一压缩演算法压缩该等第一子数据,且根据该等第二子数据所具有的一第二特性,以一第二压缩演算法压缩该等第二子数据。 The processor according to a first characteristic of the plurality of first sub-data of a first compression algorithm to the plurality of first sub-data, and according to such a second sub-data has a second characteristic, in a first two compression algorithm such second sub-data.

Description

数据处理装置及数据处理方法 Data processing apparatus and data processing method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明关于一种数据处理装置及数据处理方法。 A data processing apparatus and data processing methods [0001] The present invention relates to. 更具体而言,本发明关于一种根据数据栏位的特性进行压缩/解压缩的数据处理装置及数据处理方法。 More particularly, the present invention relates to a compression / decompression data processing apparatus and data processing method according to characteristics of the data field. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 物联网(1T; Internet of Things)是一种将所有物品通过各种识别感测装置与网际网络连接起来的概念,进而达到远端控制或是直接达到物与物的直接沟通,以提供智慧化识别的管理,因此感测装置的应用在物联网中扮演很重要的地位。 [0002] Things (1T; Internet of Things) is a concept to all the items by various identification sensing devices connected to the Internet, so as to achieve the control or directly to the distal end thereof to communicate directly with the material, to provide identification of management wisdom, sense therefore applied measurement device plays a very important role in the Internet of things. 举例而言,可将射频辨识标签(RFID)、红外线感应器、全球定位系统等感测装置设置于各种物体(例如:电网、公路、建筑、家电等),并且与网际网络结合,使各种物品在生产、流通、消费等各个过程中,可实现物品的自动识别和信息的共享,并透明化管理物品。 For example, the sensing device may RFID tag (RFID), infrared sensors, global positioning system disposed in various objects (for example: power, roads, buildings, appliances, etc.), and combined with the Internet, each in various kinds of goods during the production, circulation, consumption, etc., can share information and automatic identification of the article, and transparent management items. 因此,物联网的应用十分广泛,包含在运输、物流、智能环境、健康医疗、个人等各领域的应用。 Therefore, the application of a wide range of things, the application included in the various fields of transport, logistics, intelligence environment, health care, and other individuals.

[0003] 然而,物联网的发达伴随的是产生庞大的感测数据,且感测数据会随着时间的流逝而不断增加,因此会占用大量的硬盘空间,并且使得备份管理不易,因此必须定期压缩储存的数据以节省硬盘空间。 [0003] However, things developed along is to produce large sensing data and sensing data over time and will continue to increase, and therefore consume a large amount of hard disk space and backup management is not easy to make, and therefore must be regularly storing the compressed data to save disk space.

[0004] 若使用目前常用数据库(例如:Oracle)内建的压缩技术压缩感测数据,虽然可减少部分数据占用的硬盘空间,但数据库内建的压缩技术并非针对感测数据的特性压缩,因此能够节省的硬盘空间有限。 [0004] When using a database currently used (e.g.: Oracle) built sensed data compression techniques, although reduce disk space occupied by the partial data, but the database is not built-in compression technology for compressing data of the sensed characteristic, thus limited can save hard disk space. 此外,采用这些压缩技术压缩感测数据后,若使用者只需要查询部分的数据,仍需要将已压缩的数据全部解压缩才能进行查询及读取,造成使用者查询的时间过长。 In addition, after using these compression techniques sensing data, if users only need to query the data part, still need the compressed data is decompressed to all queries and reading, resulting in the user query time is too long.

[0005] 有鉴于此,在此技术领域中亟需一种技术,其能够解决感测数据的数据压缩率较低且查询时间过长的问题。 [0005] In view of this, a technique in need in this technical field, which can solve the data compression rate is low and the sensed data inquiries too long. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明的主要目的在于提供一种数据处理装置及一种数据处理方法,以提高数据(例如:感测数据)的数据压缩率并降低查询数据的时间。 [0006] The main object of the present invention is to provide a data processing apparatus and a data processing method to increase data (e.g.: sensed data) data compression ratio and reduce the time of the query data. 本发明所提供的数据处理装置及数据处理方法会根据数据中各栏位所对应的子数据的特性,选择适合的压缩演算法压缩。 Data processing apparatus and data processing method according to the present invention is provided based on the characteristic data corresponding to each field of the sub-data, select the appropriate compression algorithm. 此外,当欲压缩的数据来自不同装置时,本发明亦会针对不同的装置赋予不同的识别代码, 再分群压缩。 Further, when the data to be compressed from a different apparatus, the present invention also impart different identification codes for different devices, and then compressed grouping. 通过此种方式,当使用者针对特定识别代码进行查询时,本发明便能只解压缩该识别代码的全部或部分压缩子数据。 In this manner, when a user queries for a particular identification code, the present invention is only able to decompress all or part of the compressed data of the sub-identification code. 据此,本发明能有效地提高数据压缩率并提供快速查询的机制,解决已知技术所面临的问题(亦即,感测数据的压缩率较低且查询感测数据的速度过于缓慢的问题)。 Accordingly, the present invention can effectively improve the data compression rate and provides a mechanism for quick reference, to solve the problem faced by the known art (i.e., the compression ratio is low and the sensed data sensed data query problem too slow ).

[0007] 为达上述目的,本发明提供了一种数据处理装置,该数据处理装置包含一暂存器以及处理器,且二者彼此电性连结。 [0007] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a data processing apparatus, the data processing apparatus comprising a processor and a register, and both are electrically coupled. 该暂存器储存数笔数据,且各笔数据包含一第一子数据及一第二子数据。 The register storing a plurality of data, and each pen comprises a first sub-data and a second sub-data. 该等第一子数据对应至一第一栏位,且该等第二子数据对应至一第二栏位。 The plurality of first sub-data corresponds to a first column, and such a second sub-data corresponds to a second column. 该处理器根据该等第一子数据的一第一特性,以一第一压缩演算法压缩该等第一子数据,且根据该等第二子数据所具有的一第二特性,以一第二压缩演算法压缩该等第二子数据。 The processor according to a first characteristic of the plurality of first sub-data of a first compression algorithm to the plurality of first sub-data, and according to such a second sub-data has a second characteristic, in a first two compression algorithm such second sub-data.

[0008] 为达上述目的,本发明更揭露一种数据处理方法。 [0008] To achieve the above object, the present invention further discloses a data processing method. 该数据处理方法,适用于一电子装置。 The data processing method for use in an electronic device. 该电子装置包含一暂存器及一处理器,且该暂存器储存数笔数据。 The electronic device comprises a processor and a register, and the register storing a plurality of data. 各笔数据包含一第一子数据及一第二子数据,该等第一子数据对应至一第一栏位,且该等第二子数据对应至一第二栏位。 Each pen includes a first sub-data and a second sub-data, the plurality of first sub-data corresponds to a first column, and such a second sub-data corresponds to a second column. 该数据处理方法包含下列步骤:(a)由该处理器根据该等第一子数据的一第一特性,以一第一压缩演算法压缩该等第一子数据,以及(b)由该处理器根据该等第二子数据所具有的一第二特性,以一第二压缩演算法压缩该等第二子数据。 The data processing method comprising the steps of: (a) by the processor in accordance with a first characteristic of the plurality of first sub-data of a first compression algorithm to the plurality of first sub-data, and (b) by the processing according to these second sub-data has a second characteristic to a second compression algorithm such second sub-data.

[0009] 于参阅附图及随后描述的实施方式后,所属技术领域具有通常知识者便可了解本发明的技术手段及实施方面。 [0009] After referring to the accompanying drawings and embodiments to be described later, the art having ordinary knowledge can understand the technical means of the present invention and the implementation. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 图1描绘第一实施例所述的数据处理装置的示意图; [0010] Figure 1 depicts a schematic diagram of a data processing apparatus according to the first embodiment;

[0011] 图2描绘第一实施例的暂存器所储存的数据的示意图; Register schematic example of data stored in [0011] Figure 2 depicts a first embodiment;

[0012] 图3描绘第二实施例所述的数据处理装置的示意图; [0012] FIG. 3 depicts a schematic view of a second embodiment of the data processing apparatus of the embodiment;

[0013] 图4A描绘第二实施例的暂存器所储存的数据的示意图; [0013] FIG 4A is a schematic view of a second embodiment of the register data stored in the embodiment depicted;

[0014] 图4B为描绘第二实施例的压缩数据示意图; [0014] FIG. 4B is a graph depicting a second embodiment of a schematic compressed data;

[0015] 图5描绘第三实施例的压缩数据示意图; [0015] FIG. 5 depicts a schematic view of a third embodiment example of the compressed data;

[0016] 图6描绘第四实施例的压缩数据示意图; [0016] Figure 6 depicts a schematic diagram of the compressed data of the fourth embodiment;

[0017] 图7A及7B描绘第五实施例的流程图;以及 [0017] Figures 7A and 7B depict a flowchart of the fifth embodiment; and

[0018] 图8A及8B描绘第六实施例的流程图。 A flowchart of the sixth embodiment [0018] FIGS. 8A and 8B depict.

[0019] 主要元件符号说明: [0019] Description of Symbols principal elements:

[0020] 1:数据处理装置 [0020] 1: the data processing means

[0021] 11:暂存器 [0021] 11: register

[0022] 13:处理器 [0022] 13: processor

[0023] 15:输入/输出接口[〇〇24] 2:压缩数据 [0023] 15: Input / output interface [〇〇24] 2: Data Compression

[0025] 20、20a、20b:数据[〇〇26] 3:数据处理装置[0〇27] 4:压缩数据 [0025] 20,20a, 20b: Data [〇〇26] 3: a data processing apparatus [0〇27] 4: Data Compression

[0028] 42:第一栏位 [0028] 42: the first column

[0029] 44a、44b、44c、44d、44e:第一压缩子数据[〇〇3〇] 5:压缩数据 [0029] 44a, 44b, 44c, 44d, 44e: a first sub-data compression [〇〇3〇] 5: Data Compression

[0031] 62:第二栏位[〇〇32] 64a、64b、64c、64d、64e:第二压缩子数据[〇〇33] 72:第三栏位 [0031] 62: second column [〇〇32] 64a, 64b, 64c, 64d, 64e: the second sub-data compression [〇〇33] 72: third column

[0034] 74a、74b、74c、74d、74e:第三压缩子数据 [0034] 74a, 74b, 74c, 74d, 74e: the third sub-data compression

[0035] 80:查询消息具体实施方式 [0035] 80: Query message DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0036] 本发明的内容可通过以下实施例来解释,但本发明的实施例并非用以限制本发明必须在如以下实施例中所述的任何特定的环境、应用或方式方能实施。 [0036] The present invention can be explained by the following examples, but embodiments of the present invention is not intended to limit in order to be implemented in any specific environment, applications, or as described in the following examples of the present invention. 因此,以下实施例的说明仅在于阐释本发明,而非用以限制本发明。 Accordingly, the following description of embodiments merely illustrate the present invention in that, rather than to limit the present invention. 在以下实施例及图式中,与本发明非直接相关的元件已省略而未绘示,且绘示于图式中的各元件之间的尺寸比例仅为便于理解,而非用以限制为实际的实施比例。 In the following Examples and drawings, elements directly related to the present invention have non omitted from depiction, and dimensional proportions depicted in the drawings between the respective elements merely for understanding, but not to limit the actual scale. [〇〇37] 关于本发明的第一实施例,请参阅图1及图2。 [〇〇37] with the first embodiment of the present invention, see FIGS. 1 and 2. 图1描绘第一实施例的一数据处理装置1,其包含一暂存器11及一处理器13,且二者彼此电性连结。 A data processing apparatus of the first embodiment depicted in FIG. 1 1, comprising a register 11 and a processor 13, and both are electrically coupled. 图2则描绘暂存器11所储存的数笔数据20。 FIG. 2 depicts a plurality of data 20 stored in the register 11. 如图2所示,各笔数据20包含一第一子数据及一第二子数据,其中各第一子数据对应至一第一栏位42,且各第二子数据对应至一第二栏位62。 2, each of the pen 20 comprises a first sub-data and a second sub-data, wherein each of the first sub-data corresponds to a first column 42, and each of the second sub-data corresponds to a second column 62-bit. 于本实施例中,第一栏位42 及第二栏位62的名称分别为「时间」及「电流值」。 In the present embodiment, the first column 42 and second column 62 are the name of "time" and "current value." [〇〇38] 本实施例中,针对各个栏位(亦即,第一栏位42及第二栏位62),处理器13会依据其所对应的子数据间所具有的特性,采用适当的压缩演算法进行压缩。 [〇〇38] In this embodiment, for each field (i.e., the first column 42 and second column 62), between the processor 13 based on its corresponding sub-data with the characteristics, appropriate the compression algorithm compresses. 具体而言,处理器13会根据这些第一子数据间所具有的一第一特性,以一第一压缩演算法压缩这些第一子数据。 Specifically, the processor 13 according to a first sub-data among these has a first characteristic, a first compression algorithm to compress the first sub-data. 同理,处理器13会根据这些第二子数据间所具有的一第二特性,以一第二压缩演算法压缩这些第二子数据。 Similarly, the processor 13 according to a second sub-data among these has a second characteristic, a second compression algorithm to compress the second sub-data.

[0039] 于其他实施方面中,倘若处理器13事先不知各个栏位所对应的子数据间所具有的特性,则会先判断其所具有的特性,再依据判断结果选择适当的压缩演算法。 [0039] In other aspects of the embodiments, if the processor 13 know in advance between the respective sub-data fields corresponding with the characteristics, it will first determine the characteristics of having, based on the determination result and then select the appropriate compression algorithm. 举例而言,处理器13可先根据这些第一子数据间的一第一标准差,判断这些第一子数据具有前述第一特性,再根据此第一特性决定使用第一压缩演算法。 For example, the processor 13 according to a first standard may be between the first sub-data difference, which determines the first sub data having a first characteristic, then decide to use a first compression algorithm According to this first feature. 同理,处理器13亦可先根据这些第二子数据间的一第二标准差,判断这些第二子数据具有前述第二特性,再根据此第二特性决定使用第二压缩演算法。 Similarly, the processor 13 may according to a second standard between these sub-data of the second difference, which determines a second sub-data having the second characteristic, then decided using a second compression algorithm according to the second characteristic to this. 须说明者,本发明并未限制处理器13必须以子数据间的标准差来判断其所具有的特性,其他能判断子数据间的特性的方法亦可被加以使用。 It shall be appreciated that the present invention does not limit the processor 13 to be the difference between the sub standard data to determine its characteristics having, among other properties can be method of determining the sub-data may be being used.

[0040] 进一步言,若第一特性是每一小段时间区间内的子数据的数值变动起伏较大者(例如:这些子数据的第一标准差大于一门槛值),则处理器13可选择字典压缩法作为第一压缩演算法。 [0040] Further speaking, if the first characteristic is a variation value of each sub-data within a short time interval the undulating (eg: the standard deviation of the first sub-data is greater than a threshold), the processor 13 selectively dictionary compression method as the first compression algorithm. 若第一特性是一小段时间区间内的子数据的数值较为稳定者(例如:这些子数据的第一标准差小于一门槛值),则处理器13可选择平移压缩法作为第一压缩演算法。 If the first characteristic value is a sub-data within a short time interval is more stable (eg: the first sub-data standard is less than a threshold), the processor 13 selectively translating the first compression method as compression algorithm . 若第一特性是子数据的数值呈现递增(或递减)者,则处理器13可选择渐增压缩法作为第一压缩演算法。 If the first characteristic value of the sub-data is presented incremented (or decremented) by the processor 13 selectively increasing compression method as the first compression algorithm. 处理器13亦会对第二子数据进行类似的判断、选择及处理。 The processor 13 also similar to the second sub-data determination, and selection process. 须说明者,前述不同的压缩演算法以及子数据的特性与压缩演算法的对应关系仅作为例示说明而已,并非用以限制本发明的范围。 It shall be appreciated that different compression algorithms and the characteristics of the sub-data compression algorithm as the correspondence relationship illustrated merely illustrative only, not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

[0041] 由前述说明可知,当第一子数据间所具有的第一特性与第二子数据间所具有的第二特性不同时,处理器13所选择的第一压缩演算法及第二压缩演算法也就不同。 [0041] From the foregoing description, when the first compression algorithm first inter sub data having a first characteristic and the second sub data having a second characteristic different, selected by the processor 13 and the second compression algorithm is different. 由于处理器13依据各栏位的子数据间所具有的特性压缩各栏位所对应的子数据,因此能够达成优异的压缩效果。 Since the processor 13 compresses data of each sub-field basis between the corresponding sub-data of each field with the characteristics, it is possible to achieve excellent compression. [〇〇42] 关于本发明的第二实施例,请参阅图3、图4A及图4B。 [〇〇42] Regarding the second embodiment of the present invention, please refer to FIG. 3, 4A and 4B. 图3描绘本实施例的一数据处理装置3,其包含一暂存器11、一处理器13及一输入/输出接口15,其中处理器13电性连结至暂存器11及输入/输出接口15。 3 depicts a data processing apparatus according to the present embodiment 3, which comprises a register 11, a processor 13 and an input / output interface 15, the processor 13 is electrically coupled to the register 11 and an input / output interface 15.

[0043] 暂存器11储存数笔来自一第一装置的数据20a,且储存数笔来自一第二装置的数据20b,其中第一装置的识别代码为126,且第二装置的识别代码为514。 [0043] The register 11 stores a plurality of data from a first device 20a, and storing a second plurality of data from the means 20b, wherein the first means of identification code 126, and a second device identification code is 514. 图4A描绘这些数据20a、20b的示意图。 FIG. 4A schematic data 20a, 20b is depicted. 各笔数据20a、20b包含一识别代码、一第一子数据、一第二子数据及一第三子数据,其中各第一子数据对应至第一栏位42,各第二子数据对应至第二栏位62,且各第三子数据对应至第三栏位72。 Each pen 20a, 20b comprises an identification code, a first sub-data, a second sub-data, and a third sub-data, wherein each of the first sub-data corresponding to the first column 42, a second sub-data corresponding to each of the second column 62, and each third sub-data corresponding to the third column 72. 于第二实施例中,第一栏位42、第二栏位62及第三栏位72的名称分别为「时间」、「电流值」及「电压值」。 In the second embodiment, the first column 42, a second column 62 and third column 72 are the name of "time", "current" and "voltage value."

[0044] 与第一实施例类似,处理器13判断第一子数据间具有一第一特性,并根据此判断结果决定一第一压缩演算法。 [0044] Similar to the first embodiment, the processor 13 determines between a first sub-data having a first characteristic, and determining a first compression algorithm according to the determination result. 处理器13判断第二子数据间具有一第二特性,并根据此判断结果决定一第二压缩演算法。 The processor 13 is determined between a second sub-data having a second characteristic, and determining a second compression algorithm according to the determination result. 处理器13判断第三子数据间具有一第三特性,并根据此判断结果决定一第三压缩演算法。 Between the third sub-processor 13 determines a third data having a characteristic, and determining a third compression algorithm in accordance with the determination result. [〇〇45] 于本实施例中,处理器13后续在压缩子数据时,会分别将具有相同识别代码的所有第一子数据以第一压缩演算法压缩为第一压缩子数据。 All of the first sub-data [〇〇45] In the present embodiment, the processor 13 in the compressed subsequent sub-data, respectively, will have the same identification code in a first compression algorithm to compress the first sub-data. 同理,处理器13会分别将具有相同识别代码的所有第二子数据以第二压缩演算法压缩为第二压缩子数据,且处理器13会分别将具有相同识别代码的所有第三子数据以第三压缩演算法压缩为第三压缩子数据。 Similarly all the second sub-data, the processor 13 each having the same identification code in a second compression algorithm to compress the second sub-data, and the processor 13 each having the same identification code to all data of the third sub- a third compression algorithm to compress the third sub-data. 换言之,于压缩过后,每一识别代码对应至一笔第一压缩子数据、一笔第二压缩子数据及一笔第三压缩子数据,如图4B所示的压缩数据2。 In other words, after the compression in each of the compressed data corresponding to the identification code shown in FIG. 4B to the sum of the first sub-data compression, a sum of the second sub-data compression sub-data and one-third compression, as shown in FIG 2. 于压缩过后,处理器13可将压缩数据2储存于一数据库(未绘示)。 After compression in the processor 13 may be compressed data 2 is stored in a database (not shown).

[0046]后续,若使用者欲查询识别代码为514的数据20b中的第一栏位,则会输入一查询消息80。 [0046] The follow-up, if the user wants to query a first identification code for the data fields in 20b 514 will enter a query message 80. 此查询消息80载有一查询代码及第一栏位的名称;具体而言,查询代码的值为514, 且栏位的名称为「时间值」。 This query message 80 contains the name of a query and the first column of the code; specifically, the query code is 514, and the name of the field is "time value." 输入/输出接口15接收查询消息80后,处理器13会以与第一压缩演算法相对应的第一解压缩演算法,将压缩数据2中识别代码与查询代码(其值为514)相同的第一压缩子数据进行解压缩。 The input / output interface 15 receives the query message 80, the processor 13 will first solution with a first compression algorithm corresponding to the compression algorithm, the compressed data 2 in the inquiry code and the identification code (a value of 514) the same first a sub-data compression is decompressed. [〇〇47]同理,若使用者欲查询识别代码为126的数据20a中的第一栏位及第二栏位,则其所输入的查询消息80须载有一查询代码、第一栏位及第二栏位的名称;具体而言,查询代码的值为126,且栏位的名称为「时间值」及「电流值」。 [〇〇47] Similarly, if the user wants to query the data identification code 126 in the first column and the second column 20a, which it entered the query message 80 shall contain an inquiry code, the first column and the name of the second field; in particular, the query code is 126, and the name of the field is "time value" and "current value." 输入/输出接口15接收查询消息80后,处理器13会以与第一压缩演算法相对应的第一解压缩演算法,将压缩数据2中识别代码与查询代码(其值为126)相同的第一压缩子数据进行解压缩。 The input / output interface 15 receives the query message 80, the processor 13 will first solution with a first compression algorithm corresponding to the compression algorithm, the compressed data 2 in the inquiry code and the identification code (a value of 126) the same first a sub-data compression is decompressed. 此外,处理器13亦会以与第二压缩演算法相对应的第二解压缩演算法,将压缩数据2中识别代码与查询代码(其值为126)相同的第二压缩子数据进行解压缩。 Further, the processor 13 will in a second solution and a second compression algorithm corresponding to the compression algorithm, the compressed data 2 in the inquiry code and the identification code (a value of 126) the same second sub-data compression is decompressed.

[0048] 由上述说明可知,通过第二实施例所提供的机制,使用者可查询特定识别代码所对应的特定栏位。 [0048] apparent from the above description, the mechanism provided by the second embodiment of the embodiment, a user can query the specific fields corresponding to the specific identification code. 经由输入与特定识别代码相同的查询代码以及特定栏位的名称,处理器13仅会将识别代码与查询代码相同的该栏位所对应的压缩子数据进行解压缩。 With a specific identification code via the input of the same name and the query code specific fields, the processor 13 will only use the same identification code and the code query corresponding to this field of compressed sub-data is decompressed. 换言之,处理器13将不会对使用者未查询的栏位所对应的子数据进行解压缩,达到节省解压缩时间的效果。 In other words, the processor 13 will not sub-field data corresponding to a user query is not decompressed, to save time decompression effect.

[0049] 除了上述的操作外,本实施例所述的数据处理装置3亦能执行第一实施例的数据处理装置1的所有操作,同时具备所对应的所有功能。 [0049] In addition to the above-described operation, the data processing apparatus of the embodiment 3 of the present embodiment can also execute a data processing apparatus of the first embodiment 1 in all the operations, along with all the functions corresponding. 所属技术领域具有通常知识者可直接了解本实施例的数据处理装置3如何基于第一实施例的揭露内容执行此等操作及具备此等功能,于此不再赘述。 Skilled in the art having ordinary knowledge can be readily appreciated by the data processing apparatus 3 according to the present embodiment is how to perform these operations based on the explanation of the first embodiment and includes such features is omitted herein.

[0050] 关于本发明的第三实施例,请参图3、图4A及图5。 [0050] For the third embodiment of the present invention, Referring to FIG. 3, 4A and 5. 第三实施例中,暂存器11、处理器13及输入/输出接口15所能进行的运作与第二实施例雷同,故以下仅针对二实施例的相异处进行详细说明。 In the third embodiment, the register 11, the operation of the processor 13 and an input / output interface 15 can be similar to the second embodiment, it is described in detail below for only two distinct from the embodiment.

[0051] 于本实施例中,处理器13对各识别代码的子数据进行压缩前,会先将相同识别代码的数据分为数个群组。 Before [0051] In the present embodiment, the sub-processor 13 compresses the data of each identification code, it will be divided into a number of first data of the same group identification code. 具体而言,处理器13可根据固定笔数进行分群,例如:每10笔作为一个群组。 Specifically, the processor 13 can be grouped according to fixed items, for example: as a group every 10 strokes. 接着,针对具有相同识别代码的各群组,处理器13会以第一压缩演算法将该群组内的所有第一子数据压缩为一第一压缩子数据,以第二压缩演算法将该群组内的所有第二子数据压缩为一第二压缩子数据,且以第三压缩演算法将该群组内的所有第三子数据压缩为一第三压缩子数据。 Next, for each group having the same identification code, the processor 13 a first compression algorithm to the data in all of the first sub-group is a first sub-data compression, a second compression algorithm to the All data in the second sub-group is a second compressed sub-data compression, and the compression algorithm to a third of all the data in the third sub-group of sub-data as a third compression. [〇〇52] 若以本实施例的压缩机制压缩图4A所绘示的数据20a、20b,其压缩后的压缩数据4 如图5所绘示。 [〇〇52] In terms of the present embodiment is a compression mechanism compressing FIG 4A 20a, 20b, after which the compressed data depicted in FIG. 5 4 depicted. 识别代码为126者,共有二笔压缩数据,其中,第一笔压缩数据包含识别代码、 第一压缩子数据44a、第二压缩子数据64a及第三压缩子数据74a,而第二笔压缩数据包含识别代码、第一压缩子数据44b、第二压缩子数据64b及第三压缩子数据74b。 Identified by code 126, a total of two compressed datum, wherein the first compressed datum comprises the identification code, the first compressed sub data 44a, 64a and the second sub-data compression sub third compression data 74a, and the second compressed datum It contains the identification code, a first sub-data compression 44b, 64b and the second sub-data compressed third compression sub-data 74b. 识别代码为514 者,共有三笔压缩数据,其中,第一笔压缩数据包含识别代码、第一压缩子数据44c、第二压缩子数据64c及第三压缩子数据74c,第二笔压缩数据包含识别代码、第一压缩子数据44d、 第二压缩子数据64d及第三压缩子数据74d,而第三笔压缩数据包含识别代码、第一压缩子数据44e、第二压缩子数据64e及第三压缩子数据74e。 Identified by code 514, a total of three items of compressed data, wherein the first compressed datum comprises the identification code, the first compressed sub data 44c, 64c and the second sub-data compressing the third sub data 74c compression, the compressed data comprising the second pen identification code, a first sub-data compression 44d, 64d and the second sub-data compression sub third compression data 74d, and the third compressed datum comprises the identification code, a first sub-data compression 44e, 64e of the second and the third sub-data compression data compression sub-74e.

[0053] 本实施例除了提供第二实施例的查询机制外,亦提供另一种查询机制。 [0053] In addition to the present embodiment, the query mechanism of the second embodiment, but also provides another query mechanism. 具体而言, 本实施例所提供的另一种查询机制可供使用者设定特定栏位的查询范围。 Specifically, the present embodiment provides another user query mechanism for setting specific fields in the range of queries. 此时,输入/输出接口15所接收的查询消息80除了载有查询代码及特定栏位(例如:第一栏位、第二栏位或/ 及第三栏位)的名称外,更载有一查询范围,且此查询范围对应至其中的一个特定栏位。 The query message input / output interface 15 receives the inquiry code 80 and contains, in addition specific fields: an outer name (e.g., first column, second column or / and the third column), but carries a range query, and the query corresponds to a range wherein the specific fields. [〇〇54]兹以图4A及图5所绘示的内容举例说明。 [〇〇54] In FIGS. 4A and hereby depicted in FIG. 5 illustrates the contents. 若使用者欲查询识别代码为514于特定时间范围内的电流值,则查询消息80须载有查询代码(其值为514)、第一栏位及第二栏位的栏位名称(亦即,「时间」及「电流值」)以及对应至第一栏位的一查询范围(亦即,一时间范围)。 To find out if the user identification code at a current value of 514 within a certain time range, the query message 80 shall contain inquiry code (a value of 514), a first field and a second field name of the field (i.e. , "time" and "current value") and corresponds to the first column of a query range (ie, a time range). 接着,处理器13会以第一解压缩演算法将识别代码与查询代码相同的第一压缩子数据44c、 44d、44e解压缩为数笔第一解压缩子数据,且会以第二解压缩演算法将识别代法与查询代码相同的第二压缩子数据64c、64d、64e解压缩为数笔第二解压缩子数据。 Next, the processor 13 will be a first decompression algorithm code identification inquiry code the same first compressed sub data 44c, 44d, 44e of the first solution several pen decompresses the compressed sub-data, and the second decompression calculation will the method of identifying the same method substituting the second compressed sub-query code data 64c, 64d, 64e decompress several sub pen second decompressed data. 之后,处理器13会再选取位于时间范围内的该等第一解压缩子数据及相对应的第二解压缩子数据,输入/输出接口15可再将被选取的子数据传送予使用者。 Thereafter, the processor 13 will then select a first of these solution located within the time range and the second de-compressed sub-data corresponding to the compressed sub-data, the sub data input / output interface 15 may then be transmitted to the selected user. [〇〇55]倘若图4A所绘示的数据20a、20b经过排序(例如:针对每一识别代码,依据其时间值进行递增排序),则处理器13亦提供另一种解压缩机制,以便以更有效率的方式回应使用者的查询。 [〇〇55] If the data depicted in FIG. 4A 20a, 20b sorted: another solution (e.g., for each identification code, which is performed in ascending order based on time values), the processor 13 also provides compression mechanism to in a more efficient response to user queries. 具体而言,处理器13可先针对任意一笔第一压缩子数据44c、44d、44e解压缩,再比对解压缩后的数笔第一解压缩子数据与查询范围,藉此判断此笔第一压缩子数据是否为所需,以及后续应处理哪一笔第一压缩子数据。 Specifically, the processor 13 may be compressed to a first sum for any sub data 44c, 44d, 44e decompression, the number of strokes of the first solution further than to decompress compressed data and the sub-query range, thereby determining this pen if the first sub-data compression is required, which should be handled and subsequent sum of the first sub-data compression. 举例而言,若处理器13先将第一压缩子数据44d解压缩,且判断解压缩后的数笔第一解压缩子数据的时间值皆小于查询范围,接着处理器13便会直接对第一压缩子数据44e解压缩,而不处理第一压缩子数据44c,以缩短搜寻的时间。 For example, 44d decompression processor 13 when the first first sub-data compression, and determines the number of strokes of the first time value of the solution after decompressing the compressed data of the sub-queries are less than the range, then the processor 13 will direct the first a sub-data compression decompression 44e, without processing the first sub-data compression 44c, to shorten the search time. 待确认哪一笔第一压缩子数据为所需,再针对相对应的第二压缩子数据进行解压缩。 Which confirmed to be a sum of a first sub-data compression is required, then decompressed for the second sub-data corresponding to the compression. [〇〇56]由上述说明可知,当数据20a、20b的笔数庞大时,第三实施例所提供的机制会先对这些数据20a、20b进行分群,再进行压缩。 [〇〇56] apparent from the above description, when the data items 20a, 20b is large, the mechanism provided in the third embodiment will first of these data 20a, 20b for clustering, and then compressed. 此外,当使用者查询时,经由输入一查询范围,可较有效率地获得查询结果。 Further, when the user's query, a query via the input range, can be more efficiently to obtain query results.

[0057] 关于本发明的第四实施例,请参图3、图4A及图6。 [0057] Regarding the fourth embodiment of the present invention, Referring to FIG. 3, 4A and 6. 第四实施例中,暂存器11、处理器13及输入/输出接口15所能进行的运作与第三实施例雷同,故以下仅针对二实施例的相异处进行详细说明。 Operation of the third embodiment of the fourth embodiment, the register 11, the processor 13 and an input / output interface 15 can be of the same, so that only for the following detailed description of the different embodiments of the two. [〇〇58] 于本实施例中,处理器13除了以第三实施例的压缩机制压缩子数据外,更针对各群组记录该群组内特定栏位的子数据的一最小值及一最大值(例如:该群组中,对应至第一栏位的所有第一子数据的最小值及最大值)。 [〇〇58] In the present embodiment, the processor 13 in addition to a compression mechanism of the third embodiment of the sub-data compression, and more a minimum value for each group, and record sub data in a particular field of the group maximum value (eg: in the group corresponding to the first column of the first sub-data of all the minimum and maximum values). 本实施例压缩后的压缩数据5如图6所绘示。 Compressed data compressed according to the present embodiment 6 depicted in FIG. 5. 由于各群组记录有特定栏位的最小值及最大值,故可视为各群组的最小值及最大值界定了一数据范围。 Since each group is recorded minimum and maximum values ​​of specific fields, it can be regarded as maximum and minimum values ​​for each group of data defining a range. 于后续使用者进行查询时,处理器13会在暂存器11储存各群组的最大值及最小值,以供初步的比对。 When subsequent user query, the processor 13 stores maximum and minimum values ​​for each group in the register 11, for a preliminary comparison. [〇〇59] 于本实施例中,输入/输出接口15所接收的查询消息80亦载有查询代码、特定栏位(例如:第一栏位)的栏位名称及对应至此特定栏位的一查询范围。 [〇〇59] In the present embodiment, the query message received input / output interface 1580 also contains inquiry code, specific fields (for example: the first column) and the corresponding field names to this particular field of a query range. 处理器13针对识别代码与查询代码相同的各第一压缩子数据,先选取查询范围与数据范围重迭的群组,再以适当的解压缩演算法对特定栏位进行解压缩。 The processor 13 queries the code for the same identification code in each of the first sub-data compression, first select a range of query data range overlapping groups, then appropriate decompression algorithm to decompress the particular field.

[0060] 兹以图4A及图6所绘示的内容举例说明。 [0060] In FIGS. 4A and hereby depicted in FIG. 6 illustrates the contents. 若使用者欲查询识别代码为514于特定时间范围(例如:2012年8月6日上午8时10分至2012年8月6日上午9时15分)内的电流值,则查询消息80须载有查询代码(其值为514)、第一栏位及第二栏位的名称(亦即,「时间」及「电流值」)以及一查询范围(亦即,前述时间范围)。 To find out if the user identification codes 514 to a specific time range: current value (e.g., 2012 at 8:10 on 6 August 2012 at 9:15 on August 6) therein, the query message 80 to be It contains inquiry code (a value of 514), a first column and a second column name (i.e., "time" and "current value") and a range of the query (i.e., the time).

[0061] 此时处理器13会针对识别代码为514的各群组,判断其最大值及最小值所界定的数据范围是否与此查询范围重迭,并选取重迭的群组。 [0061] At this time, the processor 13 for each group identification code 514, which determines maximum and minimum values ​​defined by the range of data and the query whether the overlap range, and select a group overlap. 接着,针对这些被选取的群组,处理器13再以第一解压缩演算法将此第一压缩子数据解压缩,且以第二解压缩演算法将第二压缩子数据解压缩。 Next, for these groups to be selected, then the processor 13 first decompression algorithm to this first compressed sub-data decompression, and a second decompression algorithm to compress the second sub-data decompression. 以前述范例接续说明,处理器13仅会选取识别代码为514的末二个群组, 再针对第一压缩子数据44d、44e及第二压缩子数据64d、64e进行解压缩。 In the subsequent examples described, the processor 13 will select only the identification code for the end of the two groups 514, and then sub-data 44d, 44e and the second compression for the first sub-data compression 64d, 64e decompressed.

[0062] 于本实施例中,由于压缩后的各群组储存有特定栏位中的最大值及最小值,因此使用者查询数据时,处理器13能先判断查询范围是否与各群组的最大值及最小值所界定的数据范围重迭,再决定要对哪些压缩子数据进行解压缩,因此,本实施例可大幅节省解压缩以及搜寻的时间。 [0062] In the present embodiment, since each group is stored after compression maximum and minimum values ​​of a particular field, and therefore the user data query, the processor 13 first determines whether the query can range for each group defined by the maximum and minimum range of data overlaps, then decide which of the sub-data compressing decompressed, therefore, the present embodiment can search for significant savings of time and decompression. [〇〇63] 本发明的第五实施例为一数据处理方法,其流程图描绘于图7A及图7B。 [〇〇63] The fifth embodiment of the present invention is a data processing method, a flowchart is depicted in FIGS. 7A and 7B. 本实施例所述的数据处理方法适用于一电子装置,此电子装置包含一暂存器、一处理器及一输入/输出接口,处理器电性连结至暂存器及输入/输出接口,且此电子装置可为前述的数据处理装置1、3。 The data processing method of the present embodiment is applicable to an embodiment of the electronic device, the electronic device includes a register, a processor and an input / output interface, a processor electrically coupled to the register and an input / output interface, and this electronic device may be the data processing apparatus 3. 电子装置的暂存器储存一表格,此表格包含数笔数据,各笔数据包含至少一笔子数据,且各该至少一子数据对应至该表格的一栏位。 A storage register the electronic device table, this table comprising a plurality of data, each pen comprising at least a sum of sub-data, and each of the at least one sub-data corresponding to a column of the table. [〇〇64] 首先,于步骤S701中,由处理器选取此表格中的一栏位。 [〇〇64] First, in step S701, the processor in this table a column selection. 接着,于步骤S703,由处理器以一压缩演算法压缩该栏位所对应的该等子数据。 Next, in step S703, the compressed data such that the sub-field corresponding to a compression algorithm by the processor. 须说明者,于步骤S703中,处理器所使用的压缩演算法,依据该栏位所对应的该等子数据间所具有的特性而决定。 It shall be appreciated, in step S703, the compression algorithm used by the processor, these sub-data according to the inter-field corresponding with the characteristics determined. 若此表格具有多个栏位,则本实施例的数据处理方法会重复地执行步骤S703,直到压缩完所有栏位。 If this table has a plurality of fields, the data processing method of the present embodiment will be repeatedly executed step S703, the finished compressed until all fields. 之后,执行步骤S705,由输入/输出接口将压缩数据传送至一数据库储存。 After performing step S705, the by the input / output interface transmits the compressed data to a database storage. [〇〇65] 数据处理方法将表格压缩为压缩数据后,便可供使用者查询。 [〇〇65] data processing method Condense tables into compressed data, then available to users queries. 此时,执行步骤S721,由输入/输出接口接收一查询消息,且此查询消息载有此表格的至少一栏位的名称。 In this case, step S721, received by the input / output interface a query message and the query message containing this form of at least one field name. 接着,执行步骤S723,由处理器以一解压缩演算法对查询消息中所对应的压缩子数据进行解压缩,此解压缩演算法与原先压缩该栏位的该等子数据的压缩演算法相对应。 Next, step S723, by the processor to a decompression algorithm to compress the data sub-query message corresponding decompressed, the decompression algorithm and the sub-data previously compressed such that the bit field corresponding to the compression algorithm . 当所查询的栏位皆已被解压缩后,则执行步骤S725,由输入/输出接口将解压缩数据传送予使用者。 When queried fields have switched decompressed, step S725, from the input-output interface decompressed / data transmission to the user.

[0066]除了上述步骤,本实施例所述的数据处理方法亦能执行第一实施例所描述的所有操作及具备所对应的所有功能,且所属技术领域具有通常知识者可直接了解本实施例的数据处理方法如何基于第一实施例的揭露内容执行此等操作及具备此等功能,于此不再赘述。 [0066] In addition to the above-described steps, the present embodiment of the data processing method can also execute all the operations and all the functions corresponding to the first embodiment includes the described embodiments, and the skilled art having ordinary knowledge in the present embodiment can be readily appreciated how the data processing method based on the explanation of the first embodiment performs these operations and these functions will not be repeated herein. [〇〇67] 本发明的第六实施例为一数据处理方法,其流程图描绘于图8A及图8B。 Sixth Example [〇〇67] of the present invention is a data processing method, a flowchart is depicted in FIGS. 8A and 8B. 本实施例所述的数据处理方法适用于一电子装置,此电子装置包含一暂存器、一处理器及一输入/输出接口,处理器电性连结至暂存器及输入/输出接口,且此电子装置可为前述的数据处理装置1、3。 The data processing method of the present embodiment is applicable to an embodiment of the electronic device, the electronic device includes a register, a processor and an input / output interface, a processor electrically coupled to the register and an input / output interface, and this electronic device may be the data processing apparatus 3. 电子装置的暂存器储存一表格,此表格包含数笔数据,各笔数据包含至少一笔子数据,且各该至少一子数据对应至一栏位。 A storage register the electronic device table, this table comprising a plurality of data, each pen comprising at least a sum of sub-data, and each of the at least one sub-data corresponding to a field. [〇〇68] 首先,于步骤S801中,由处理器选取此表格中的一栏位。 [〇〇68] First, in step S801, the processor in this table a column selection. 接着,于步骤S803中,由处理器判断此栏位所对应的数笔子数据间所有的特性,举例而言,步骤S803可根据这些子数据间所具有的标准差判断其特性。 Next, in step S803, the processor is determined by the characteristics of all the sub-rooms pen data corresponding to this field, for example, step S803 may be determined according to the standard difference between the characteristics of these sub-data has. 之后,于步骤S805,由处理器根据步骤S803所判断出的特性决定一压缩演算法。 Thereafter, at step S805, the step S803 is determined by the processor according to the determined characteristics of a compression algorithm. 接着,于步骤S807,由处理器根据步骤S805所决定的压缩演算法压缩该栏位所对应的该等子数据。 Next, in step S807, the compressed data of such sub-field by a processor according to the corresponding compression algorithm determined in step S805. 若此表格具有多个栏位,则本实施例的数据处理方法会重复地执行步骤S801至S807,直到压缩完所有栏位。 If this table has a plurality of fields, the data processing method according to the present embodiment will be repeatedly performs steps S801 to S807, until complete compression of all fields. [〇〇69] 当处理器处理完所有栏位后,则执行步骤S809,由输入/输出接口将压缩数据传送至一数据库储存。 [〇〇69] When the processor is finished processing all fields, perform step S809, the by the input / output interface transmits the compressed data to a database storage. 通过前述步骤,当不同栏位的子数据间具有不同的特性,数据处理方法将会以不同的压缩演算法来压缩不同栏位的子数据。 By the foregoing steps, when the sub-data between different fields having different characteristics, the data processing method will be a different compression algorithm to compress the data of different sub-field.

[0070] 须说明者,本实施例的数据处理方法如何判断子数据间的特性、子数据间的特性与压缩演算法间的对应关系及压缩演算法可为哪些与前述实施例相同,兹不赘言。 [0070] It shall be appreciated how the data processing method according to the present embodiment, the determination of characteristics between sub-data, the correspondence between the characteristics between the compression algorithm and the sub-data compression algorithm which can be implemented the same with the foregoing embodiment is hereby not to say. 此外,于其他实施方面中,若事先已知各栏位所对应的子数据间所具有的特性,则可省略步骤S803。 Moreover, other aspects of embodiments, if the sub-data corresponding to each field has known beforehand between the property may be omitted in step S803. 又,于其他实施方面中,若事先已决定以何种压缩演算法压缩具有何种特性的子数据,则可省略步骤S803及步骤S805。 Further, in the embodiments other aspects, if the advance has decided to sub-data compression algorithm which has a characteristic which can be omitted, and step S803 to step S805.

[0071] 数据处理方法将表格压缩为压缩数据后,便可供使用者查询。 [0071] The data processing method to form compressed into compressed data, then available to users queries. 此时,执行步骤S821,由输入/输出接口接收一查询消息。 In this case, step S821 is executed, a query message is received by the input / output interface. 此查询消息载有该表格的至少一栏位的名称。 This query message contains the name of the table at least a field. 接着,执行步骤S823,由处理器以一解压缩演算法对查询消息中所对应的压缩子数据进行解压缩,此解压缩演算法与原先压缩该栏位的该等子数据的压缩演算法相对应。 Next, step S823, by the processor to a decompression algorithm to compress the data sub-query message corresponding decompressed, the decompression algorithm and the sub-data previously compressed such that the bit field corresponding to the compression algorithm . 当所查询的栏位皆已被解压缩后,则执行步骤S825,由输入/输出接口将解压缩数据传送予使用者。 When queried fields have switched decompressed, step S825, from the input-output interface decompressed / data transmission to the user.

[0072] 须说明者,于其他实施例中,若表格所包含的各笔数据更包含一识别代码,则于步骤S807中,处理器以步骤S805所决定的压缩演算法,将该栏位中具有相同识别代码的子数据分别压缩为一压缩子数据。 [0072] It shall be appreciated, in other embodiments, each pen contained when the table comprises a further identification code, then in step S807, the processor at a step S805 the determined compression algorithm, and the field sub-data having the same identification code are compressed into a compressed sub-data. 于此情形下,查询消息除载有至少一栏位的名称外,更载有一查询代码。 Under this situation, in addition to the query message contains the name of at least one field, but also contains a inquiry code. 因此在查询过程中,步骤S823由处理器以解压缩演算法对该栏位中识别代码与该查询代码相同的压缩子数据进行解压缩。 Therefore, in the query process, step S823 by the processor to the field decompression algorithm to decompress the identification code the same code as compressed data of the sub-query. [〇〇73] 再者,若表格所包含的各笔数据包含识别代码,本发明的数据处理方法亦提供另一种实施方面。 [〇〇73] Further, if the data table contains each pen contains an identification code, a data processing method of the present invention also provides another aspect of the embodiment. 数据处理方法执行完步骤S805后,会执行另一步骤(未绘示),以便由处理器将具有相同识别代码的数据分为数个群组。 Data processing method After step S805, performs a further step (not shown), so that data having the same identification code into several groups by a processor. 此时,步骤S807由处理器以步骤S805所决定的压缩演算法分别将各群组内该栏位所对应的子数据压缩为一压缩子数据。 In this case, step S807 by the processor to the determined compression algorithm step S805 are the sub data in each field group corresponding sub-data compression is a compression. 于此情形下,查询消息除载有一查询代码、至少一栏位的名称外,更载有一查询范围。 Under this situation, in addition to the inquiry message containing an inquiry code outside at least one field name, it carries a query scope. 此时,当数据处理方法第一次执行步骤S823时,会由处理器以解压缩演算法对该栏位中识别代码与该查询代码相同的压缩子数据进行解压缩,藉此获得数笔解压缩子数据。 At this time, when the data processing method S823 for the first time, the processor will perform the decompression steps of the algorithm field identification code to the query code is the same sub-data decompressing compressed, thereby obtaining the number Pen compressed sub-data. 数据处理方法接着会选取落于查询范围内的解压缩子数据。 Data processing method will then select the solution falls within the scope of the query sub-data compression. 当数据处理方法后续再次执行步骤S823以处理其他栏位时,便针对第一次执行步骤S823时所选取的解压缩子数据,解压缩其他栏位相对应的压缩子数据。 When the processing in step S823 other fields, then for the first execution of step S823 when the selected solution data compression processing method performed again subsequent sub-data, decompresses the compressed sub-data corresponding to the other phase column. [〇〇74] 再者,以前段所述的内容为基础,于其他实施例中,当数据处理方法执行步骤S807 时,会进一步地由处理器针对各群组记录特定栏位所对应的子数据中的一最小值及一最大值,各群组的最小值及最大值界定一数据范围。 [〇〇74] Further, the content of the previous paragraph is based, in other embodiments, when the data processing method executed step S807, the recording will be further specific fields corresponding to the respective sub-groups by a processor for the data in a minimum and a maximum value, minimum value and the maximum value of each group define a data range. 于此情形下,当数据处理方法第一次执行步骤S823时,会由处理器针对识别代码与查询代码相同者,选取查询范围与数据范围重迭的群组,并对所选取的群组的该栏位所对应的压缩子数据进行解压缩。 Under this situation, when the first group data processing method executes step S823, the identification code will be the same for the code query by selecting a query range overlaps the range of the data group by the processor, and the selected the field corresponding to the compressed sub-data is decompressed. 当数据处理方法后续再次执行步骤S823以处理其他栏位时,便针对第一次执行步骤S823时所选取的群组,解压缩其他栏位相对应的压缩子数据。 When the data processing method executes step S823 to the subsequent processing other fields, then for the first execution of step S823 when the selected group again, decompresses the compressed sub-data corresponding to the other phase column. [〇〇75]除了上述步骤,本实施例所述的数据处理方法亦能执行第一实施例至第五实施例所描述的所有操作及具备所对应的所有功能,且所属技术领域具有通常知识者可直接了解本实施例的数据处理方法如何基于第一实施例至第五实施例的揭露内容执行此等操作及具备此等功能,于此不再赘述。 [〇〇75] In addition to the above-described steps, the present embodiment of the data processing method can also execute all the operations and all the functions provided corresponding to the first embodiment to fifth embodiments described, and the skilled art having ordinary knowledge data processing can be readily appreciated how the method according to the present embodiment based on the explanation of the first embodiment to the fifth embodiment executes these operations and accomplishes these functions is omitted herein. [〇〇76] 综上所述,本发明提供的数据处理装置及其数据处理方法可根据表格中不同栏位的子数据的特性选择适合的压缩演算法进行压缩,因此能达成良好的压缩效果。 [〇〇76] In summary, the data processing apparatus and data processing method of the present invention provides a suitable compression algorithm may be selected according to characteristics of different sub-data table field is compressed, it is possible to achieve good compression . 此外,当欲压缩的数据来自不同装置时,本发明亦会针对不同的装置赋予不同的识别代码,再分群压缩。 Further, when the data to be compressed from a different apparatus, the present invention also impart different identification codes for different devices, and then compressed grouping. 通过此种方式,使用者针对特定识别代码进行查询时,本发明便能只解压缩该识别代码的全部或部分压缩子数据。 In this manner, a user identification code for a particular query, the present invention is only able to decompress all or part of the compressed data of the sub-identification code. 据此,本发明能有效地提高数据压缩率并提供快速查询的机制, 解决已知技术所面临的问题(亦即,感测数据的压缩率较低且查询感测数据的速度过于缓慢的问题)。 Accordingly, the present invention can effectively improve the data compression rate and provides a mechanism for quick reference, to solve the problem faced by the known art (i.e., the compression ratio is low and the sensed data sensed data query problem too slow ). [〇〇77]上述实施例所阐述的内容仅用以例举本发明的部分实施方面,以及阐释本发明的技术特征,并非用以限制本发明的实质保护范畴。 SUMMARY [〇〇77] The embodiments set forth merely to include part of the present embodiment of the invention, and explain the technical features of the present invention, not to limit the protection scope of the spirit of the present invention. 因此,任何熟悉本技术领域者可轻易完成的改变或均等性的安排均属于本发明所主张的范围,且本发明的权利保护范围以权利要求书为准。 Thus, any person skilled in the art may proceed with a variety of modifications of the arrangement of the present invention belong to the claimed scope, and the scope of the invention as claimed in claims and their equivalents.

Claims (20)

  1. 1.一种数据处理装置,其特征在于,包含:一暂存器,用以储存数笔数据,各笔数据包含一第一子数据、一第二子数据及一识别代码,所述第一子数据对应至一第一栏位,所述第二子数据对应至一第二栏位,且不同识别代码对应至不同装置;以及一处理器,电性连结至该暂存器,用以根据所述第一子数据的一第一特性,以一第一压缩演算法分别将具有相同识别代码的所述第一子数据压缩为一第一压缩子数据,且该处理器根据所述第二子数据的一第二特性,以一第二压缩演算法分别将具有相同识别代码的所述第二子数据压缩为一第二压缩子数据。 1. A data processing apparatus, characterized by comprising: a register for storing a plurality of data, each pen comprises a first sub-data, a sub-data and a second identification code, said first sub-data corresponds to a first column, the second sub-data corresponds to a second column, and distinct identification code corresponds to a different device; and a processor, electrically connected to the register, according to the first characteristic of a first sub-data of the first sub-data, respectively, to a first compression algorithm having the same identification code as a first compressed sub-data compression, and the processor according to the second the second characteristic of a second sub-data sub-data to a second compression algorithm having the same identification code are compressed into a second sub-data compression.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的数据处理装置,其特征在于,该数据处理装置更包含:一输入/输出接口,用以接收一查询消息,该查询消息载有一查询代码及该第一栏位的一名称;其中,该处理器更以一第一解压缩演算法对识别代码与该查询代码相同的该第一压缩子数据进行解压缩,其中该第一解压缩演算法与该第一压缩演算法相对应。 2. A data processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the data processing apparatus further comprising: an input / output interface for receiving a query message, the query message contains a inquiry code and the first column a name; wherein the processor is further to a first decompression algorithm on the same identification code to the query code is the first sub-data compression is decompressed, wherein the decompression algorithm to the first first compression algorithms, respectively.
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述的数据处理装置,其特征在于,该查询消息更载有该第二栏位的一名称,该处理器更以一第二解压缩演算法对识别代码与该查询代码相同的该第二压缩子数据进行解压缩,其中该第二解压缩演算法与该第二压缩演算法相对应。 3. The data processing apparatus according to claim 2, wherein, the inquiry message further carries a name of the second field, the processor is further to a second decompression algorithm of the identification code to the query compressing the same code a second sub-data is decompressed, wherein the decompression algorithm and the second compression algorithm corresponding to the second.
  4. 4.一种数据处理装置,其特征在于,包含:一暂存器,用以储存数笔数据,各笔数据包含一第一子数据、一第二子数据及一识别代码,所述第一子数据对应至一第一栏位,所述第二子数据对应至一第二栏位,且不同识别代码对应至不同装置;以及一处理器,电性连结至该暂存器,将具有相同识别代码的所述数据分为数个群组,并针对各群组进行以下运作:根据所述第一子数据的一第一特性,以一第一压缩演算法将该群组内的所述第一子数据压缩为一第一压缩子数据,以及根据所述第二子数据的一第二特性,以一第二压缩演算法将该群组内的所述第二子数据压缩为一第二压缩子数据。 A data processing apparatus, characterized by comprising: a register for storing a plurality of data, each pen comprises a first sub-data, a sub-data and a second identification code, said first sub-data corresponds to a first column, the second sub-data corresponds to a second column, and distinct identification code corresponds to a different device; and a processor, electrically connected to the register, with the same the identification code data is divided into a plurality of groups, and each group for the following operation: according to a first characteristic of the first sub-data of a first compression algorithm to a second group of the inner a sub-data compression into a first sub-data compression, and in accordance with a second characteristic of the second sub-data of a second compression algorithm to the data in the second sub-group is a second compression compressed sub-data.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的数据处理装置,其特征在于,该数据处理装置更包含:一输入/输出接口,用以接收一查询消息,该查询消息载有一查询代码、该第一栏位的一名称及一查询范围;其中,该处理器更以一第一解压缩演算法将识别代码与该查询代码相同的各该第一压缩子数据分别解压缩为数笔第一解压缩子数据,该处理器更选取位于该查询范围内的所述第一解压缩子数据,其中该第一解压缩演算法与该第一压缩演算法相对应。 The first field is an input / output interface for receiving a query message, the query message carries a query code: The data processing apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein the data processing device further comprises a name and a query range; wherein the processor is further to a first decompression algorithm of the identification code to the query code is the same as each of the first sub-data compressing the first solution are several decompressing data compressed sub-pen, the processor is further within the inquiry range of the selected first sub-data compression solutions positioned, wherein the first decompression algorithm corresponding to the first compression algorithm.
  6. 6.如权利要求5所述的数据处理装置,其特征在于,该查询消息更载有该第二栏位的一名称,该处理器更以一第二解压缩演算法进行解压缩,其将识别代码与该查询代码相同的各该第二压缩子数据分别解压缩为数笔第二解压缩子数据,该处理器更选取位于该查询范围内的所述第二解压缩子数据,其中该第二解压缩演算法与该第二压缩演算法相对应。 6. The data processing apparatus according to claim 5, wherein, the inquiry message further carries a name of the second field, the processor is further to a second decompression algorithm to decompress, which the same identification code to the query code for each of the second compressed data are decompressed several sub pen second sub-data decompression, the processor is further located within the query to select the range of the second sub-data decompression, where the first and two decompression algorithm corresponding to the second compression algorithm.
  7. 7.如权利要求4所述的数据处理装置,其特征在于,该处理器更针对各群组记录该群组内的所述第一子数据的一最小值及一最大值。 7. The data processing apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the processor further recording a minimum and a maximum value of the first sub-data in the group for each group.
  8. 8.如权利要求7所述的数据处理装置,其特征在于,各群组的该最小值及该最大值界定一数据范围,该数据处理装置更包含:一输入/输出接口,用以接收一查询消息,该查询消息载有一查询代码、该第一栏位的一名称及一查询范围;其中,该处理器更针对识别代码与该查询代码相同的各该第一压缩子数据进行以下运作:选取该查询范围与该数据范围重迭的群组,以及以一第一解压缩演算法将被选取的群组的该第一压缩子数据解压缩为数笔第一解压缩子数据,其中该第一解压缩演算法与该第一压缩演算法相对应。 8. The data processing apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that the minimum value and the maximum value of each group defines a range of data, the data processing apparatus further comprising: an input / output interface for receiving a query message, the query message contains a inquiry code, the first column of a name and a query range; wherein more for the same identification code to the query code to the processor, each of the first sub-data compression operation as follows: the query selection range overlapping with the range data group, as well as solutions to a first sub-data decompression algorithm selected to be the group number of the first solution a first compression strokes compressed sub-data, wherein the first and a decompression algorithm corresponding to the first compression algorithm.
  9. 9.如权利要求8所述的数据处理装置,其特征在于,该查询消息更载有该第二栏位的一名称,该处理器更以一第二解压缩演算法将被选取的群组的该第二压缩子数据解压缩为数笔第二解压缩子数据,其中该第二解压缩演算法与该第二压缩演算法相对应。 9. The data processing apparatus according to claim 8, wherein, the inquiry message further carries a name of the second field, the processor is further to a second decompression algorithm will be selected from the group the second sub-data decompression several compression strokes of the second sub-data decompression, wherein the second and the decompression algorithm corresponding to the second compression algorithm.
  10. 10.—种数据处理装置,其特征在于,包含:一暂存器,用以储存数笔数据,各笔数据包含一第一子数据、一第二子数据及一识别代码,所述第一子数据对应至一第一栏位,所述第二子数据对应至一第二栏位,且不同识别代码对应至不同装置;以及一处理器,电性连结至该暂存器,根据所述第一子数据的一第一标准差,判断所述第一子数据具有一第一特性,根据该第一特性决定一第一压缩演算法,根据该第一压缩演算法压缩所述第一子数据,根据所述第二子数据的一第二标准差,判断所述第二子数据具有一第二特性,根据该第二特性决定一第二压缩演算法,且根据该第二压缩演算法压缩所述第二子数据。 10.- kinds of data processing apparatus comprising: a register for storing a plurality of data, each pen comprises a first sub-data, a sub-data and a second identification code, said first sub-data corresponds to a first column, the second sub-data corresponds to a second column, and distinct identification code corresponds to a different device; and a processor, electrically connected to the register, according to the a first sub first standard deviation of the data, determines the first sub-data having a first characteristic, determining a first compression algorithm, based on the first compression algorithm according to the first characteristic of the first sub- data, according to a second criterion the difference in the second sub-data, determines the second sub-data having a second characteristic, determining a second characteristic based on the second compression algorithm, and a compression algorithm according to the second compressing the second sub-data.
  11. 11.一种数据处理方法,适用于一电子装置,该电子装置包含一暂存器及一处理器,该暂存器储存数笔数据,各笔数据包含一第一子数据、一第二子数据及一识别代码,所述第一子数据对应至一第一栏位,所述第二子数据对应至一第二栏位,且不同识别代码对应至不同装置,其特征在于,该数据处理方法更包含下列步骤:由该处理器根据所述第一子数据的一第一特性,以一第一压缩演算法分别将具有相同识别代码的所述第一子数据压缩为一第一压缩子数据;以及由该处理器根据所述第二子数据的一第二特性,以一第二压缩演算法分别将具有相同识别代码的所述第二子数据压缩为一第二压缩子数据。 A data processing method for use in an electronic device, the electronic device comprises a processor and a register, the register storing a plurality of data, each pen comprises a first sub-data, a second sub- and a data identification code, the first sub-data corresponds to a first column, the second sub-data corresponds to a second column, and distinct identification code corresponds to a different apparatus, wherein the data processing the method further comprises the steps of: by the processor in accordance with a first characteristic of the first sub-data, respectively, to a first compression algorithm having the same identification code of the first sub-data as a first compressed sub compression data; and the second sub-data by the processor in accordance with a second characteristic of the second sub-data to a second compression algorithm having the same identification code are compressed into a second sub-data compression.
  12. 12.如权利要求11所述的数据处理方法,其特征在于,该电子装置更包含一输入/输出接口,该数据处理方法更包含下列步骤:由该输入/输出接口接收一查询消息,该查询消息载有一查询代码及该第一栏位的一名称;以及由该处理器以一第一解压缩演算法对识别代码与该查询代码相同的该第一压缩子数据进行解压缩;其中,该第一解压缩演算法与该第一压缩演算法相对应。 12. The data processing method according to claim 11, wherein the electronic device further comprises an input / output interface, the data processing method further comprising the steps of: receiving a query message from the input / output interface, the query a message containing a name inquiry code and the first column; and compressing the first compressed sub-data by a de-compression algorithm of the processor identification code to the query code is identical to a first solution; wherein the the first decompression algorithm corresponding to a first compression algorithm.
  13. 13.如权利要求12所述的数据处理方法,其特征在于,该查询消息更载有该第二栏位的一名称,该处理方法更包含下列步骤:由该处理器以一第二解压缩演算法对识别代码与该查询代码相同的该第二压缩子数据进行解压缩;其中,该第二解压缩演算法与该第二压缩演算法相对应。 13. The data processing method according to claim 12, wherein, the inquiry message further carries a name of the second fields, the method further comprising the following process steps: a second decompression by the processor, the second sub-data compression algorithms for the same identification code to the query code decompression; wherein the second decompression algorithm corresponding to the second compression algorithm.
  14. 14.一种数据处理方法,适用于一电子装置,该电子装置包含一暂存器及一处理器,该暂存器储存数笔数据,各笔数据包含一第一子数据、一第二子数据及一识别代码,所述第一子数据对应至一第一栏位,所述第二子数据对应至一第二栏位,且不同识别代码对应至不同装置,其特征在于,该数据处理方法包含下列步骤:由该处理器将具有相同识别代码的所述数据分为数个群组;由该处理器针对各群组进行以下运作:根据所述第一子数据的一第一特性,以一第一压缩演算法将该群组内的所述第一子数据压缩为一第一压缩子数据;以及根据所述第二子数据的一第二特性,以一第二压缩演算法将该群组内的所述第二子数据压缩为一第二压缩子数据。 14. A data processing method for use in an electronic device, the electronic device comprises a processor and a register, the register storing a plurality of data, each pen comprises a first sub-data, a second sub- and a data identification code, the first sub-data corresponds to a first column, the second sub-data corresponds to a second column, and distinct identification code corresponds to a different apparatus, wherein the data processing the method comprises the steps of: by the processor, the data having the same identification code into several groups; each group following the operation by the processor for: according to a first characteristic of the first sub-data to a first compression algorithm the data in the first sub-group is a first sub-data compression; and according to a second characteristic of the second sub-data, the compression algorithm to a second the second sub-group of compressed data in a second sub-data compression.
  15. 15.如权利要求14所述的数据处理方法,其特征在于,该电子装置更包含一输入/输出接口,该数据处理方法更包含下列步骤:由该输入/输出接口接收一查询消息,该查询消息载有一查询代码、该第一栏位的一名称及一查询范围;由该处理器以一第一解压缩演算法进行解压缩,其将识别代码与该查询代码相同的各该第一压缩子数据分别解压缩为数笔第一解压缩子数据;以及由该处理器选取位于该查询范围内的所述第一解压缩子数据;其中,该第一解压缩演算法与该第一压缩演算法相对应。 15. The data processing method according to claim 14, wherein the electronic device further comprises an input / output interface, the data processing method further comprising the steps of: receiving a query message from the input / output interface, the query a query message containing the code, the first column of a name and a query range; to a first decompression algorithm by the processor to decompress, which identification code the same code query each of the first compression a first sub-data are decompressed solution several sub-data compression strokes; and the selection by the processor is located within a first range of the query sub-decompressed data; wherein, the first decompression algorithm calculating the first compression wears correspondence.
  16. 16.如权利要求15所述的数据处理方法,其特征在于,该查询消息更载有该第二栏位的一名称,该数据处理方法更包含下列步骤:由该处理器以一第二解压缩演算法将识别代码与该查询代码相同的各该第二压缩子数据分别解压缩为数笔第二解压缩子数据;以及由该处理器选取位于该查询范围内的所述第二解压缩子数据;其中,该第二解压缩演算法与该第二压缩演算法相对应。 By the processor, to a second solution: The data processing method as claimed in claim 15, wherein, the inquiry message further carries a name of the second field, the data processing method further comprises the steps of the same compression algorithm identification code to the query code for each of the second sub-data are decompressed compressed several sub pen second decompressed data; and the second solution is located within a range of the query by the processor selected compressed sub data; wherein, the second and the decompression algorithm corresponding to the second compression algorithm.
  17. 17.如权利要求14所述的数据处理方法,其特征在于,该数据处理方法更包含下列步骤:由该处理器更针对各群组记录该群组内的所述第一子数据的一最小值及一最大值。 17. The data processing method according to claim 14, wherein the data processing method further comprising the steps of: the processor is further made for each group of the smallest record a first sub-data in the group and a maximum value.
  18. 18.如权利要求17所述的数据处理方法,其特征在于,该电子装置更包含一输入/输出接口,各群组的该最小值及该最大值界定一数据范围,该数据处理方法更包含下列步骤:由该输入/输出接口接收一查询消息,该查询消息载有一查询代码、该第一栏位的一名称及一查询范围;以及由该处理器针对识别代码与该查询代码相同的各该第一压缩子数据进行以下步骤:选取该查询范围与该数据范围重迭的群组;以及以一第一解压缩演算法将被选取的群组的该第一压缩子数据解压缩为数笔第一解压缩子数据;其中,该第一解压缩演算法与该第一压缩演算法相对应。 18. The data processing method according to claim 17, wherein the electronic device further comprises an input / output interface, the minimum value and the maximum value of each group defines a range of data, the data processing method further comprises the following steps: the input / output interface receiving a message query, the query message contains a inquiry code, the first column of a name and a query range; and the processor for the identification code to the query code is different for each the first sub-data compression following steps: selecting the query data range overlaps with the range of the group; the first sub-data compression solutions, and to a first decompression algorithm will be selected from the group of several compression strokes first decompression sub-data; wherein, the first decompression algorithm corresponding to the first compression algorithm.
  19. 19.如权利要求18所述的数据处理方法,其特征在于,该查询消息更载有该第二栏位的一名称,该数据处理方法更包含下列步骤:由该处理器以一第二解压缩演算法将被选取的群组的该第二压缩子数据解压缩为数笔第二解压缩子数据;其中,该第二解压缩演算法与该第二压缩演算法相对应。 By the processor, to a second solution: The data processing method as claimed in claim 18, wherein, the inquiry message further carries a name of the second field, the data processing method further comprises the steps of the second sub-data compression decompression algorithm will be selected from the group of several compression strokes second decompressed sub-data; wherein, the second decompression algorithm corresponding to the second compression algorithm.
  20. 20.—种数据处理方法,适用于一电子装置,该电子装置包含一暂存器及一处理器,该暂存器储存数笔数据,各笔数据包含一第一子数据、一第二子数据及一识别代码,所述第一子数据对应至一第一栏位,所述第二子数据对应至一第二栏位,且不同识别代码对应至不同装置,其特征在于,该数据处理方法包含下列步骤:由该处理器根据所述第一子数据的一第一标准差,判断所述第一子数据具有一第一特性;由该处理器根据该第一特性决定一第一压缩演算法;由该处理器根据该第一压缩演算法压缩所述第一子数据;由该处理器根据所述第二子数据的一第二标准差,判断所述第二子数据具有一第二特性;由该处理器根据该第二特性决定一第二压缩演算法;以及由该处理器根据该第二压缩演算法压缩所述第二子数据。 20.- kinds of data processing method for use in an electronic device, the electronic device comprises a processor and a register, the register storing a plurality of data, each pen comprises a first sub-data, a second sub- and a data identification code, the first sub-data corresponds to a first column, the second sub-data corresponds to a second column, and distinct identification code corresponds to a different apparatus, wherein the data processing the method comprises the steps of: according to a first criterion the difference between the first sub-data by the processor, whether the first sub data having a first characteristic; determined by the processor in accordance with a first characteristic of the first compression algorithm; compression algorithms by the processor based on the first sub-data of the first compression; by the processor according to a second criterion the difference between the second sub-data, the second sub-data determining section having a two characteristics; determined by the processor according to the second characteristic of a second compression algorithm; and compressed by the compression algorithm according to the second processor, the second sub-data.
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