CN103831283B - Method for harmless treatment of ferment antibiotic residues - Google Patents

Method for harmless treatment of ferment antibiotic residues Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103831283B
CN103831283B CN201410064564.1A CN201410064564A CN103831283B CN 103831283 B CN103831283 B CN 103831283B CN 201410064564 A CN201410064564 A CN 201410064564A CN 103831283 B CN103831283 B CN 103831283B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fried
quick
treatment
vapour
decoction
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410064564.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103831283A (en
Inventor
吴力克
段德振
Original Assignee
北京观澜科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 北京观澜科技有限公司 filed Critical 北京观澜科技有限公司
Priority to CN201410064564.1A priority Critical patent/CN103831283B/en
Publication of CN103831283A publication Critical patent/CN103831283A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103831283B publication Critical patent/CN103831283B/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/78Recycling of wood or furniture waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for harmless treatment of ferment antibiotic residues. The method comprises the steps of mixing treatment, steam explosion treatment and drying treatment, and according to the method, antibiotic residues and plant fiber residues are fully and uniformly mixed according to the weight ratio of 1:1; the mixed pretreatment material is fed into a steam explosion device which is preheated to 150 DEG C above to obtain a post-steam-explosion mixture through the pressure and temperature of high pressure steam; the post-steam-explosion mixture is fed into a dryer for drying and crushing treatment. Based on the method for harmless treatment of ferment antibiotic residues, the pollution of antibiotic residues to biological environments is greatly reduced; no new pollutants are generated, and secondary treatment is unnecessary; the technological procedures are simple and easily operated, the equipment cost is low, and the popularization and application are easy; the method provides sufficient materials for development of follow-up biomass products, which have great development space.

Description

Ferment antibiotics dregs of a decoction method for innocent treatment

Technical field

The invention belongs to field of solid waste treating technology, particularly relate to a kind of processing method of the ferment antibiotics dregs of a decoction.

Background technology

China's antibiotics production industry has now leapt to the whole world the first, and along with the development of economy, scientific and technological level, GDP has been not enough to the index becoming a measurement powerful degree in country, and people are more and more higher with requirement to the attention rate of environmental protection.The pollution produced with industry development is day by day serious, and Jue great Shuo antibiotics production enterprise adopts traditional burning and burying method, causes the severe contamination in soil, air, river.For the deficiencies in the prior art, antibiotic is made to be reduced to the method for below detection limit as adopted multi-stage countercurrent machinery and adding acid-base solution, although the problem that its harmful substance is residual can be solved, but have that plant equipment cost is higher, acid-base solution adds and cause having that new pollutant produces, multistage operations step is complicated, the more high defect of technological requirement, the demand for development of Environmental Protection in China, science and technology cannot be reached, how to the dregs of a decoction in addition effectively process and enterprise popularize, being still one needs the urgent problem solved.

The ferment antibiotics dregs of a decoction, produce by microorganism fermentation process the solid waste obtained after antibiotic terminates, except the harmful substances such as a small amount of antibiotic residue and heavy metal, in the dregs of a decoction, crude protein content is about 40%, the trace element such as crude fat, crude fibre, calcium all reflects the rich in nutritive value of the antibiotic dregs of a decoction.Therefore, in solution antibiolics slag harmlessness problem simultaneously, can by enterprise fully universal utilize significant.

For the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of method harmless treatment of the ferment antibiotics dregs of a decoction also can being carried out following process as raw material, wherein so-called " innoxious " process, refer to antibiotic residue and harmful poisonous contaminating microorganisms, inorganic salt and other material, all be down to below national security index or be eliminated completely, making the antibiotic dregs of a decoction become human body and the nontoxic material of ecological environment; So-called " raw material " process, refer to mixture after harmless treatment, decomposite further and/or produced and can meet probio, the basic material of enzyme preparation and other multiple biological technology products and Biochemical Engineering production and intermediate, core material material can be provided for the large-scale production of subsequent bio matter product.For achieving the above object, and fully meet the precondition that can not produce " secondary pollution ", this programme uses physical method to carry out the technical finesse route of antibiolics slag harmlessness completely, specifically comprise stir process, the quick-fried process of vapour, dry process three large steps, and linked and become tight continuous print technological process.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention:

1, provide a kind of ferment antibiotics dregs of a decoction method for innocent treatment, solve ferment antibiotics and produce the problem of environmental pollution brought, preserve the ecological environment.

2, add without new pollutant in process and produce, without the need to again processing.

3, processing step is simple to operation, equipment cost is lower, and can carry out feed stock recovery to material after process, reduces production cost and the energy consumption of enterprise, is beneficial to popularization and application.

Technical scheme: ferment antibiotics dregs of a decoction method for innocent treatment, comprises stir process, the quick-fried process of vapour, dry process three large steps,

Described stir process step for: the organic/inorganic dregs of a decoction of antibiotic engineering institute output and plant fibre slag are mixed to get primary mix material according to the part by weight of 1:1; Stir and evenly mix to reach in mixer and fully homogenize, until humidity reaches less than 50% of primary mix material, obtain mix and blend pretreatment material;

Wherein, described plant fibre slag can select the more rich industrial or agricultural byproduct of Carbon and nitrogen sources, such as all kinds of schlempe, fruits and vegetables slag, Chinese medicine slag, all kinds of powder of straw, grass meal, wood end etc. any one or a few, and described plant fibre slag wants fragmentation to reach 20 ~ 80 orders, relative humidity will reach less than 10%; Described mixed material utilizes the plant fibre slag that granularity and gas porosity are suitable, the moisture in absorption and the homogenizing antibiotic dregs of a decoction, make material reach follow-up vapour quick-fried needed for RH set point, be generally 30% ~ 50%;

The total energy consumption of described stir process step will be no more than 250kW: by the maximum mixer energy consumption calculation of listing at present, the maximum installed power of its drive motors is 200kW; Other energy consumption comprises the energy consumption of plant fiber material size reduction machinery, about needs 20kW; Energy consumption needed for conveying worm or belt conveyor, about needs 20kW; Present treatment step total energy consumption is no more than 250kW;

The quick-fried treatment step of described vapour is: sent into by mix and blend pretreatment material and be preheating in the quick-fried device of vapour of more than 150 DEG C, in closed container, pass into high steam, and after dimension pressure certain hour, throw open vent valve and carry out release quick-fried broken (steam explosion), enter collector by pressure, obtain the quick-fried rear mixed material of vapour;

The setting of described technique: the pressure 0.8 ~ 3.4Mpa of high steam, temperature 180 DEG C ~ 240 DEG C, the dimension pressure time is 5 ~ 8 minutes;

In the quick-fried rear mixed material of described vapour, useful component is efficiently separated: protein, cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin, lignin, and wherein protein is Small molecular form, as senior nutritional labelings such as Shi, peptone, oligopeptides and free amino acids; Cellulose decomposition rate reaches more than 80%, and large-scale structure is reset, and forms more firm orderly structure, becomes the matrix of novel plastic material; Hemicellulose and pectin are almost all decomposed into soluble sugar, can by microorganism complete utilization; There is polyphenol characteristic in lignin, can become natural glue and be applied; Chitin and humic acid are transformed into more useful shitosan and fulvic acid.Antibiotic in described mixed material and microorganism under extreme conditions cannot continue survival, and such as 60 DEG C of high temperature can make penicillin residual in the dregs of a decoction lose activity;

When the relative humidity of the quick-fried rear mixed material of described vapour is greater than 75%, can consider to increase dewatering process; The waste liquid that dehydration produces mixes with other refuse and can be used for biogas and prepare, and can be butanedionedioxime and provides the partly energy;

Described dry treatment step is: sent in air drier by quick-fried for vapour rear mixed material, seethe drying continuously, material is fully contacted with hot blast, until its relative humidity is less than 10%; Carry out fragmentation again, make its granular size be 20 ~ 80 orders;

Described drying process, by the self clean-up action of cleaning mechanism in the continuous rotation of machine and wall bucket, material can be made fully to contact with hot blast, realize heat and mass fast, reach obvious minimizing (volume is about 1/5th of gas-explosive material), and effectively can avoid bacterial recontamination, corruption, the unfavorable condition such as to go mouldy;

The total energy consumption of described dry treatment step will higher than 90Kw: wherein self-cleaning rotary drying acc power 40kw; Twin-wire press energy consumption 30kw, materials crusher energy consumption 15kw.

Advantage of the present invention and beneficial effect:

1) harmless treatment, reduces the pollution that the antibiotic dregs of a decoction cause ecological environment greatly;

2) use physical method to carry out the technical finesse of antibiolics slag harmlessness completely, add without new pollutant and produce, without the need to again processing;

3) processing step is simple to operation, equipment cost is lower, is easy to promote the use of;

4) positive environment-protective process, promotes brand image, strengthens industrial competition;

5) the antibiotic dregs of a decoction are turned waste into wealth, be the biomass product development that follow-up space is huge, sufficient raw material is provided;

6) byproduct that industrial or agricultural produces can be recycled, reduce the wasting of resources.As maize straw is destroyed in the mode of burning usually.

Detailed description of the invention

In order to make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearly, describe the present invention below in conjunction with specific embodiment.These embodiments are only that the present invention is further illustrated, instead of limitation of the present invention.

Ferment antibiotics dregs of a decoction method for innocent treatment, comprises stir process, the quick-fried process of vapour, dry process three large steps,

Described stir process step for: the organic/inorganic dregs of a decoction of antibiotic engineering institute output and plant fibre slag are mixed to get just stage material according to the part by weight of 1:1; Stir and evenly mix to reach in mixer and fully homogenize, until humidity reaches less than 50% of primary mix material, obtain mix and blend pretreatment material;

Wherein, described plant fibre slag can select the more rich industrial or agricultural byproduct of Carbon and nitrogen sources, such as all kinds of schlempe, fruits and vegetables slag, Chinese medicine slag, all kinds of powder of straw, grass meal, wood end etc. any one or a few, and described plant fibre slag wants fragmentation to reach 20 ~ 80 orders, relative humidity will reach less than 10%; Described mixed material utilizes the plant fibre slag that granularity and gas porosity are suitable, the moisture in absorption and the homogenizing antibiotic dregs of a decoction, make material reach follow-up vapour quick-fried needed for RH set point, be generally 30% ~ 50%;

The total energy consumption of described stir process step will be no more than 250kW: by the maximum mixer energy consumption calculation of listing at present, the maximum installed power of its drive motors is 200kW; Other energy consumption comprises the energy consumption of plant fiber material size reduction machinery, about needs 20kW; Energy consumption needed for conveying worm or belt conveyor, about needs 20kW; Present treatment step total energy consumption is no more than 250kW;

The quick-fried treatment step of described vapour is: sent into by mix and blend pretreatment material and be preheating in the quick-fried device of vapour of more than 150 DEG C, in closed container, pass into high steam, and after dimension pressure certain hour, throw open vent valve and carry out release quick-fried broken (steam explosion), enter collector by pressure, obtain the quick-fried rear mixed material of vapour;

The setting of described technique: the pressure 0.8 ~ 3.4Mpa of high steam, temperature 180 DEG C ~ 240 DEG C, the dimension pressure time is 5 ~ 8 minutes;

In the quick-fried rear mixed material of described vapour, useful component is efficiently separated: protein, cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin, lignin, and wherein protein is Small molecular form, as senior nutritional labelings such as Shi, peptone, oligopeptides and free amino acids; Cellulose decomposition rate reaches more than 80%, and large-scale structure is reset, and forms more firm orderly structure, becomes the matrix of novel plastic material; Hemicellulose and pectin are almost all decomposed into soluble sugar, can by microorganism complete utilization; There is polyphenol characteristic in lignin, can become natural glue and be applied; Chitin and humic acid are transformed into more useful shitosan and fulvic acid.Antibiotic in described mixed material and microorganism under extreme conditions cannot continue survival, and such as 60 DEG C of high temperature can make penicillin residual in the dregs of a decoction lose activity;

When the relative humidity of the quick-fried rear mixed material of described vapour is greater than 75%, can consider to increase dewatering process; The waste liquid that dehydration produces mixes with other refuse and can be used for biogas and prepare, and can be butanedionedioxime and provides the partly energy;

Described dry treatment step is: sent in air drier by quick-fried for vapour rear mixed material, seethe drying continuously, material is fully contacted with hot blast, until its relative humidity is less than 10%; Carry out fragmentation again, make its granular size be 20 ~ 80 orders;

Described drying process, by the self clean-up action of cleaning mechanism in the continuous rotation of machine and wall bucket, material can be made fully to contact with hot blast, realize heat and mass fast, reach obvious minimizing (volume is about 1/5th of gas-explosive material), and effectively can avoid bacterial recontamination, corruption, the unfavorable condition such as to go mouldy;

The total energy consumption of described dry treatment step will higher than 90Kw: wherein self-cleaning rotary drying acc power 40kw; Twin-wire press energy consumption 30kw, materials crusher energy consumption 15kw.

The technique equipment needed thereby such as mixer, pulverizer, belt conveyor used in above-mentioned three large steps is all selected according to treating capacity.

Embodiment:

The dry dregs of a decoction of penicillin 10 kilograms, pulverizing is about the maize straw slag 10 kilograms about 60 orders, fully stirs and evenly mixs.Mixer RH set point is 40%, after abundant mix and blend completes, can carry out the quick-fried process of vapour;

Being sent into by mixed material belt conveyor has been heated in the quick-fried reactor of vapour of predetermined temperature (150 DEG C), after closing containers, open steam transfer valve, after passing into high steam to setting value (1.5Mpa, 180 DEG C), close inlet valve, after setting-up time (5min) dimension pressure, open vent valve, carry out rapidly release quick-fried broken (dodging quick-fried), now material has completed the deactivation of antibiotic and microorganism after testing, and relative humidity is 65%;

Sent in self-cleaning whizzer by quick-fried for vapour rear material conveyer, material RH set point is 8%.Material pulverizer after drying carries out smashing process, makes its granular size reach 50 orders.After arranging, pack warehouse-in can as raw material.

Claims (3)

1. ferment antibiotics dregs of a decoction method for innocent treatment, comprises stir process, the quick-fried process of vapour, dry process three large steps, it is characterized in that,
Described stir process step for: the organic/inorganic dregs of a decoction of antibiotic engineering institute output and plant fibre slag are mixed to get just stage material according to the part by weight of 1:1; Stir and evenly mix to reach in mixer and fully homogenize, until humidity reaches less than 50% of primary mix material, obtain mix and blend pretreatment material;
The quick-fried treatment step of described vapour is: be fed through by mix and blend pretreatment material in the quick-fried device of the vapour being preheating to more than 150 DEG C in advance, in closed container, pass into high steam, the pressure of described high steam is 0.8 ~ 3.4Mpa, temperature is 180 DEG C ~ 240 DEG C, and ties up pressure after 5 ~ 8 minutes, and throwing open vent valve, to carry out release quick-fried broken, enter collector by pressure, obtain the quick-fried rear mixed material of vapour;
Described dry treatment step is: sent in air drier by quick-fried for vapour rear mixed material, seethe drying continuously, material is fully contacted with hot blast, until its relative humidity is less than 10%; Carry out fragmentation again, make its granular size be 20 ~ 80 orders.
2. ferment antibiotics dregs of a decoction method for innocent treatment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described plant fibre slag can select the more rich industrial or agricultural byproduct of Carbon and nitrogen sources, such as all kinds of schlempe, fruits and vegetables slag, Chinese medicine slag, all kinds of powder of straw, grass meal, wood end etc. any one or a few, and described plant fibre slag wants fragmentation to reach 20 ~ 80 orders, relative humidity will reach less than 10%.
3. ferment antibiotics dregs of a decoction method for innocent treatment as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, when the relative humidity of the quick-fried rear mixed material of described vapour is greater than 75%, increases dewatering process.
CN201410064564.1A 2014-02-25 2014-02-25 Method for harmless treatment of ferment antibiotic residues CN103831283B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410064564.1A CN103831283B (en) 2014-02-25 2014-02-25 Method for harmless treatment of ferment antibiotic residues

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410064564.1A CN103831283B (en) 2014-02-25 2014-02-25 Method for harmless treatment of ferment antibiotic residues

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103831283A CN103831283A (en) 2014-06-04
CN103831283B true CN103831283B (en) 2015-06-03

Family

ID=50795356

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410064564.1A CN103831283B (en) 2014-02-25 2014-02-25 Method for harmless treatment of ferment antibiotic residues

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103831283B (en)

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105013797B (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-05-31 河北省建筑材料工业设计研究院 The method of the useless dregs of a decoction in the innoxious cooperative disposal pharmaceutical factory of cement kiln
CN105110826B (en) * 2015-09-15 2018-05-18 北京观澜科技有限公司 A kind of microbial-bacterial fertilizer production method, microbial-bacterial fertilizer obtained and complex microorganism preparations
CN105457968B (en) * 2015-11-17 2018-07-13 邢富斋 The method for innocent treatment of antibiotic bacterium dregs
CN107047930B (en) * 2017-03-16 2018-08-10 北京观澜科技有限公司 A kind of method for innocent treatment and products thereof of fermentation class drug bacteria residue and application
CN107952783A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-24 北京观澜科技有限公司 A kind of processing method and its application containing antibiotic substance
CN107915556A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-17 北京观澜科技有限公司 A kind of processing method of sludge
CN108393335A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-08-14 北京观澜科技有限公司 A kind of fermentation class dregs of a decoction minimizing processing method and its application

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6401633B2 (en) * 1998-04-06 2002-06-11 Minergy Corporation Closed cycle waste combustion
CN1765530A (en) * 2005-11-22 2006-05-03 雷增学 Method for innocent treatment of antibiotic gruffs by utilizing biological technology
CN202516836U (en) * 2012-02-15 2012-11-07 上海敏慎环保科技有限公司 Equipment for innocent treatment and comprehensive utilization of antibiotic fungus dregs
CN103624064A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-03-12 浦城正大生化有限公司 Harmless treatment system for chlortetracycline hydrochloride fungi residues

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103831283A (en) 2014-06-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Neshat et al. Anaerobic co-digestion of animal manures and lignocellulosic residues as a potent approach for sustainable biogas production
US20200017887A1 (en) Non-Pressurised Pre-Treatment, Enzymatic Hydrolysis And Fermentation Of Waste Fractions
Ziemiński et al. Enzymatic pretreatment of lignocellulosic wastes to improve biogas production
Zhong et al. Effect of biological pretreatments in enhancing corn straw biogas production
Zupančič et al. Anaerobic treatment and biogas production from organic waste
Menardo et al. The effect of particle size and thermal pre-treatment on the methane yield of four agricultural by-products
CN102153413B (en) Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105542015B (en) Biomass processing
ES2606281T3 (en) Method and apparatus for the conversion of cellulosic material into ethanol
ES2751198T3 (en) Method and device for producing materials or fuels
Mata-Alvarez et al. Anaerobic digestion of organic solid wastes. An overview of research achievements and perspectives
CN101439997B (en) Preparation of seaweed organic fertilizer
CN103641630B (en) Leaf vegetable organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Yue et al. A sustainable pathway of cellulosic ethanol production integrating anaerobic digestion with biorefining
Mshandete et al. Anaerobic batch co-digestion of sisal pulp and fish wastes
KR100909845B1 (en) Organic Fertilizer Manufacturing Method
AU742052B2 (en) Method of bioconversion of industrial or agricultural cellulose containing wastes
CN101108779B (en) Method of manufacturing organic, inorganic compound fertilizer with molasses zymolysis waste liquor and lime sludge
CN105085115A (en) Preparation method of efficient bioorganic fertilizer
Li et al. Fermentative production of L-lactic acid from hydrolysate of wheat bran by Lactobacillus rhamnosus
Xavier et al. The efficiency of shredded and briquetted wheat straw in anaerobic co-digestion with dairy cattle manure
CN102533382B (en) Composite compact type biomass fuel and preparation method thereof
Liu et al. Evaluation of the correlations between biodegradability of lignocellulosic feedstocks in anaerobic digestion process and their biochemical characteristics
CN105349581A (en) Full recycling method for producing methane and biogas residue activated carbon by utilizing medicine herb residue
Zhu et al. Combined alkali and acid pretreatment of spent mushroom substrate for reducing sugar and biofertilizer production

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of invention: Method for harmless treatment of ferment antibiotic residues

Effective date of registration: 20190111

Granted publication date: 20150603

Pledgee: Jiaxing Zhongzheng Real Estate Co., Ltd.

Pledgor: BEIJING GUANLAN TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Registration number: 2019990000028

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20191118

Address after: 314000 building 08, meihuazhou scenic spot, Fengqiao town, Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee after: Jiaxing Zhongzheng Real Estate Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100070, No. 8, No. twelve, No. 188, South Fourth Ring Road, Beijing, Fengtai District, building 7 (Park)

Patentee before: BEIJING GUANLAN TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.