CN103828527A - Orchard irrigation technique with high efficiency and low water consumption - Google Patents

Orchard irrigation technique with high efficiency and low water consumption Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103828527A
CN103828527A CN201410082678.9A CN201410082678A CN103828527A CN 103828527 A CN103828527 A CN 103828527A CN 201410082678 A CN201410082678 A CN 201410082678A CN 103828527 A CN103828527 A CN 103828527A
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China
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water
orchard
fertilizer
droppers
technique
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CN201410082678.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103828527B (en
Inventor
薛进军
张鹤华
陈千付
候延杰
田珊珊
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广西大学
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Abstract

The invention discloses an orchard water-fertilizer-medicine integrated technique with high efficiency and low water consumption. A main water conveying tube is connected to a far place in an orchard from a liquid container with water, fertilizers and medicines; branch water conveying tubes are connected to each row of fruit trees from the main water conveying tube; drop irrigation is performed through water droppers. The technique is characterized in that capillary tubes with the interval and the number equivalent to the planting distance and the number of fruit trees are connected to each branch water conveying tube; the droppers are connected with free ends of the capillary tubes; the droppers are directly inserted into holes which are drilled in fruit tree trunks in advance. By adopting the orchard irrigation technique with high efficiency and low water consumption, the utilization rate of the irrigated water, fertilizer and medicine is greatly increased, the yield and the quality of fruits are remarkably increased, and the technique is definite in principle, simple in equipment, free of blocking of the droppers, easy to operate, low in cost, convenient to manage and beneficial for popularization.

Description

The orchard irrigation technology of efficient low-consume water

Technical field

The invention belongs to the orchard irrigation technology of efficient low-consume water.

Background technology

Efficiently utilize water, fertilizer, medicine is the focus of world agriculture research always.What obtain so far wideling popularize is " fertigation " technology, after dissolving in water, in the soil of raise crop, generally claims this technology for " drip irrigation " by pipeline drip irrigation by fertilizer.Because drip irrigation is by pipeline transportation liquid manure, be again slowly to splash into soil, save large quantity of moisture and fertilizer than the flood irrigation of common use, furrow irrigation, and saving of labor; Than need more equipment sprinkling irrigation, gush filling etc. and more approach root system, also more water-saving, fertilizer.Therefore, the technology of drip irrigation obtains applying more widely in the plantation of crops at present.But for most fruit tree and forest, because its root system distributes not only deeply but also wide in soil, the moisture of drip irrigation and fertilizer are fewer than general crops by Root Absorption, water, fertile availability can not show a candle to crops.In the drip irrigation technique about trees, in aqueduct, increase water dropper, but do so not only and can directly limit drip irrigation applying on fruit tree and forest because of the increase of cost, be placed directly in ground water dropper simultaneously and easily caused water dropper not out of the water by silt or the obstruction of other foreign material, also strengthened irrigation water capacity because the quantity of water dropper increases.Nonetheless, to obtain liquid manure also very inhomogeneous for the root system of fruit tree.

Fruit tree, forest have trunk, and because trunk has absorption function, in production, existing people has adopted fertilizer, agricultural chemicals etc. are brushed to the technology on trunk.Be difficult in order to solve water, fertilizer, medicine drip irrigation the problem being absorbed by fruit tree and fine-root to soil, applicant was once used for a kind of fruit tree being made up of siphon pipe and liquid container and forest siphon infusion tackling to infuse to trees, { patent name be " fruit tree and forest siphon infusion tackling " (ZL200920140525.X) }, institute's transfusion fluid is inputted by siphon pipe in the treehole of beating on the trunk of tree in advance; This transfusion system structure is simple, the successful of transfusion, and weak point is that liquid input quantity can not be controlled and relatively take a lot of work.In another application " method of fruit tree, forest water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated transfusion, drip irrigation " (application number 201110056013.7) of applicant, adopt the medical Transfusion device with adjuster, solve the out of contior problem of input speed, but, because the unreasonable speed regulator that causes of structure of speed governing easily lost efficacy, still fail to solve completely the problem that quantitatively applies water, fertilizer to trees.

Above-mentioned infusion techn is all the container that one of each extension is filled water-fertilizer-pesticide mixed liquor on the trunk of every strain fruit tree, although can complete smoothly the task of transfusion, if but use artificial to every strain fruit tree hanging container one by one in orchard, not only workload is huge, and cannot realize automation and scientific management to planting fruit trees.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention be to provide a kind of water-fertilizer-pesticide availability high, increase fruit yield and improve quality, simple in structure, water dropper does not stop up, the orchard irrigation technology of the efficient low-consume water of convenient management.

The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above with following technical scheme:

A kind of orchard irrigation technology of efficient low-consume water, pick out water delivery house steward from the liquid container of splendid attire water-fertilizer-pesticide to depths, orchard, pick out delivery pipe branch by water delivery house steward to every row fruit tree, use water dropper drip irrigation, it is characterized in that every delivery pipe branch picks out interval and quantity and the fruit tree spacing in the rows hollow billet suitable with quantity, the free termination water dropper of hollow billet, water dropper directly inserts in the treehole getting out in advance on trunks of fruit trees.

More than the bottom of liquid container exceeds 1.5m than the ground of orchard highest point.

The flow of water dropper is 2L-6L per hour.

The diameter of treehole mates with selected water dropper.

The orchard irrigation technology of efficient low-consume water of the present invention, the water-fertilizer-pesticide availability of irrigation improves greatly, significantly increases fruit yield and quality.Clear and definite, the equipment of mechanism of invention is simple, water dropper does not stop up, processing ease, with low cost, conveniently manage, be beneficial to popularization.

Embodiment

The orchard irrigation technology of efficient low-consume water of the present invention, irrigating facility has adopted liquid container and the liquid delivery tube net of favorably situated splendid attire water-fertilizer-pesticide.The liquid container of splendid attire water-fertilizer-pesticide is arranged on than highest point ground, orchard and exceeds place more than 1.5m: the bottom of liquid container of splendid attire water-fertilizer-pesticide picks out water delivery house steward to depths, orchard, pick out a delivery pipe branch by water delivery house steward to every row fruit tree, every delivery pipe branch picks out the hollow billet suitable with fruit tree quantity with fruit tree spacing in the rows; The other end of hollow billet is connected to water dropper; Water dropper directly inserts in the treehole getting out in advance on trunks of fruit trees.

The flow of water dropper is 2L-6L per hour.

The diameter of treehole and the degree of depth are mated with external diameter and the length of selected water dropper.

Utilization of the present invention is positioned at the hydraulic pressure of eminence splendid attire water-fertilizer-pesticide container for supplying water in orchard, and the liquid container of splendid attire water-fertilizer-pesticide can be pond, water tower or water tank etc., and capacity is determined as required.Container is provided with lid, has inlet opening, delivery port, osculum.Open lid and can put into fertilizer, agricultural chemicals, inlet opening is for entering water place, and delivery port is connected with water delivery house steward, discharges precipitation, foreign material use when osculum is cleaning liquid container.Water delivery house steward can make of pvc hard tube, and delivery pipe branch can be used the making such as day rich flexible pipe, and the internal diameter of hollow billet mates with water dropper, and the external diameter of water dropper output is 4-5mm.Electricity consumption is drilled in and on the trunk of fruit tree, makes a call to the treehole that 1 diameter and water dropper output external diameter match.

After water delivery house steward, delivery pipe branch, hollow billet are all fixedly connected with, insert and there is the water dropper of fixed flow rate at the free end of hollow billet, then water dropper is inserted to the treehole on trunks of fruit trees, can start trunk to carry out drip irrigation.

Embodiment:

Tested in February, 2013 and carry out at Guangxi University's fruit tree living collection, test material is stone gorge longan, field planting in 2002.

Fill a water tank of filling water-fertilizer-pesticide mixed liquor in orchard far from ground 1.5m eminence, the hollow billet internal diameter of water transfer pipe network is 4mm, and water dropper flow velocity is 2L per hour.On every strain trunk, make a call to a diameter and be 4.5mm, be the hole of 2.0-3.0cm deeply.

Selection tree vigo(u)r stalwartness, the 12 strains trees that growth potential is basically identical are set as test.4 strains are got in each processing at random.Establish altogether 3 processing: A trunk drip irrigation: water dropper 2L per hour; B soil drip irrigation: water dropper of every strain, per hour 2L; C contrast, conventional soil is executed.Individual plant district group, repeats 3 times.In longan flowering stage, setting phase, three each fertilisings of important phenophases of fruit expanding period once, each every fertilizer application amount is identical, be all the nitrate of lime of 150g urea, 100g potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 50g, the magnesium sulfate of 100g, wherein potassium dihydrogen phosphate, nitrate of lime are sterling.Urea, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, nitrate of lime, magnesium sulfate are all soluble in water.Test period is since picking fruit in 13, on Augusts of in mid-February, 2013 to 2013.Fruit related index is measured as table 1.

As can be seen from Table 1, the output of trunk drip irrigation processing is significantly higher than soil drip irrigation and soil is executed, higher by 26.5% than soil drip irrigation, executes output high by 40.2% than conventional soil.Single fruit volume is also the maximum of trunk drip irrigation.

The impact of table 1 different disposal on fruit yield

Note: in table, the different small letter English alphabets of same column numerical value are illustrated in significant difference in 0.05 level.

Claims (4)

1. the orchard irrigation technology of an efficient low-consume water, pick out water delivery house steward from the liquid container of splendid attire water-fertilizer-pesticide to depths, orchard, pick out delivery pipe branch by water delivery house steward to every row fruit tree, carry out drip irrigation by water dropper, it is characterized in that every delivery pipe branch picks out interval and quantity and the fruit tree spacing in the rows hollow billet suitable with quantity, the free end of hollow billet is connected to water dropper, and water dropper directly inserts in the treehole getting out in advance on trunks of fruit trees.
2. the orchard irrigation technology of efficient low-consume water as claimed in claim 1, more than the bottom that it is characterized in that liquid container exceeds 1.5m than the ground of orchard highest point.
3. the orchard irrigation technology of efficient low-consume water as claimed in claim 1, the flow that it is characterized in that water dropper is 2L-6L per hour.
4. the orchard irrigation technology of efficient low-consume water as claimed in claim 1, the diameter that it is characterized in that treehole mates with the effluent pipe mouth external diameter of selected water dropper.
CN201410082678.9A 2014-03-07 2014-03-07 The orchard irrigation technology of efficient low-consume water CN103828527B (en)

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CN103828527B CN103828527B (en) 2016-06-29

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104351019A (en) * 2014-10-14 2015-02-18 河北科技大学 Orchard maintenance device

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4144673A (en) * 1977-08-29 1979-03-20 Quast Danny H System and method for introducing systemic treatment liquids into trees and similar plants
US4505067A (en) * 1983-05-23 1985-03-19 Gillespie John L Apparatus for hydraulic tree injection
EP0602564A1 (en) * 1992-12-14 1994-06-22 Bruno Corradi Method and device for introducing liquid substances into the trunk of a plant
CN2420845Y (en) * 2000-05-26 2001-02-28 赵铁钢 Plant infusion syringe
CN101584295A (en) * 2009-06-19 2009-11-25 河海大学 Equipotential head suspension micropressure drip irrigation equipment
CN101715710A (en) * 2009-12-24 2010-06-02 广西大学 Method for siphoning and drip-irrigating fruit trees and woods
CN201919334U (en) * 2011-01-12 2011-08-10 新疆联塑节水设备有限公司 Agricultural spraying and dripping irrigation system
CN102160521A (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-08-24 广西大学 Method for realizing water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated transfusion and drop irrigation on fruit tree and forest
CN202535730U (en) * 2012-02-27 2012-11-21 杭州蓝天园林建设集团有限公司 Water delivery device for trees
CN203152000U (en) * 2013-03-20 2013-08-28 广西大学 Drop irrigation set for multi-point drop irrigation of fruit trees and forests
CN203388016U (en) * 2013-06-22 2014-01-15 河南歌瑞农牧股份有限公司 Irrigation system for fruit growing

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4144673A (en) * 1977-08-29 1979-03-20 Quast Danny H System and method for introducing systemic treatment liquids into trees and similar plants
US4505067A (en) * 1983-05-23 1985-03-19 Gillespie John L Apparatus for hydraulic tree injection
EP0602564A1 (en) * 1992-12-14 1994-06-22 Bruno Corradi Method and device for introducing liquid substances into the trunk of a plant
CN2420845Y (en) * 2000-05-26 2001-02-28 赵铁钢 Plant infusion syringe
CN101584295A (en) * 2009-06-19 2009-11-25 河海大学 Equipotential head suspension micropressure drip irrigation equipment
CN101715710A (en) * 2009-12-24 2010-06-02 广西大学 Method for siphoning and drip-irrigating fruit trees and woods
CN201919334U (en) * 2011-01-12 2011-08-10 新疆联塑节水设备有限公司 Agricultural spraying and dripping irrigation system
CN102160521A (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-08-24 广西大学 Method for realizing water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated transfusion and drop irrigation on fruit tree and forest
CN202535730U (en) * 2012-02-27 2012-11-21 杭州蓝天园林建设集团有限公司 Water delivery device for trees
CN203152000U (en) * 2013-03-20 2013-08-28 广西大学 Drop irrigation set for multi-point drop irrigation of fruit trees and forests
CN203388016U (en) * 2013-06-22 2014-01-15 河南歌瑞农牧股份有限公司 Irrigation system for fruit growing

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104351019A (en) * 2014-10-14 2015-02-18 河北科技大学 Orchard maintenance device
CN104351019B (en) * 2014-10-14 2016-02-24 河北科技大学 Orchard attending device

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