CN103823308A - Integrated-imaging double-vision 3D (Three-Dimensional) display device based on polarization gratings - Google Patents

Integrated-imaging double-vision 3D (Three-Dimensional) display device based on polarization gratings Download PDF

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CN103823308A
CN103823308A CN201410075078.XA CN201410075078A CN103823308A CN 103823308 A CN103823308 A CN 103823308A CN 201410075078 A CN201410075078 A CN 201410075078A CN 103823308 A CN103823308 A CN 103823308A
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polarization grating
micro
microlens array
polarization
pattern matrix
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CN103823308B (en
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王琼华
吴非
邓欢
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Sichuan University
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Sichuan University
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Abstract

The invention provides an integrated-imaging double vision 3D (Three-Dimensional) display device based on polarization gratings. The integrated-imaging double vision 3D display device comprises a display screen for displaying a microimage array, a microlens array, the polarization grating I and the polarization grating II, wherein the display screen is positioned on the focal plane of the microlens array; the horizontal central axis and vertical central axis of the display screen are respectively and correspondingly aligned to those of the microlens array. The polarization grating I is closely attached with the display screen, and the polarization grating II is closely attached with the microlens array. By virtue of the polarization grating I, light passing through the polarization grating I becomes linear polarization lights with different polarization directions, the polarization grating II has a modulation effect for the linear polarization lights, sub-image elements in two sub-microimage arrays rebuild 3D scenes to the left side or right side of the integrated-imaging image display equipment by lens elements corresponding to the sub-image elements, so that integrated-imaging double vision 3D display is realized.

Description

A kind of integration imaging double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating
Technical field
The present invention relates to double vision 3D and show, more particularly, the present invention relates to a kind of integration imaging double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating.
Background technology
It is the novel demonstration of one occurring in recent years that double vision shows, its principle is by show two different pictures on a display screen simultaneously, beholder on different view directions can only see one of them picture, thereby realizes the different demands that simultaneously meet multiple beholders on a display screen.Existing double vision shows beam splitters such as passing through parallax grating or post lens by two pictures separately, or allows beholder wear different filters, reaches the effect that only shows a picture on a certain view direction.But existing double vision shows an obvious shortcoming of existence: display frame is 2D picture, cannot realize 3D and show.
Integration imaging 3D shows it is a kind of without any true 3D demonstration that helps the equipment of looking.Integration imaging 3D display device has been utilized light path principle of reversibility, by pinhole array or microlens array, the steric information of 3D scene is recorded on image recorder, generate micro-pattern matrix, then this micro-pattern matrix is shown on display screen, sees through pinhole array or microlens array and reconstruct the stereo-picture of former 3D scene.This display mode has the advantages that bore hole is watched, and the process of its record and demonstration is relative simple, and can show the stereo-picture of full parallax and authentic color, is one of major way during current 3D shows.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of integration imaging double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating.As shown in Figure 1, this device comprises the display screen (2) that shows micro-pattern matrix (1), microlens array (3), polarization grating I(4) and polarization grating II(5).Display screen (2) is positioned on the focal plane of microlens array (3), and corresponding alignment all distinguished with the horizontal and vertical axis of microlens array (3) in the horizontal and vertical axis of display screen (2).As shown in Figure 2, micro-pattern matrix (1) is by the micro-pattern matrix I(6 of son) and sub micro-pattern matrix II(7) form, by 3D scene I(8) the micro-pattern matrix I(6 of son that obtains) be positioned at the left-half of micro-pattern matrix (1), and by 3D scene II(9) the micro-pattern matrix II(7 of son that obtains) be positioned at the right half part of micro-pattern matrix (1).The micro-pattern matrix I(7 of son) and sub micro-pattern matrix II(8) formed by the image primitive of series of identical size respectively, microlens array (3) is made up of the lens cells of series of identical size.Polarization grating I(4) fit tightly polarization grating II(5 with display screen (2)) fit tightly with microlens array (3).Polarization grating I(4) by the grid line unit of series of identical size in the horizontal direction close-packed arrays form, each grid line unit only has a kind of polarization direction, the polarization direction of two grid line unit of arbitrary neighborhood is orthogonal.Polarization grating II(5) by the grid line unit of series of identical size in the horizontal direction close-packed arrays form, being positioned at polarization grating II(5) the grid line unit of center is by two same sizes, the sub-grid line unit close-packed arrays composition in the horizontal direction that polarization direction is orthogonal, polarization grating II(5) in other grid line unit all only there is a kind of polarization direction, being positioned at polarization grating II(5) polarization direction of the grid line unit that is adjacent respectively, the sub-grid line unit of the grid line unit of center is orthogonal, the polarization direction of two grid line unit of other arbitrary neighborhoods is orthogonal.
As shown in Figure 3, polarization grating I(4) make to become the linearly polarized light with different polarization direction by its light, and polarization grating II(5) linearly polarized light is had to modulating action, make sub micro-pattern matrix I(6) in the lens cells that sees through in microlens array (3) corresponding to this image primitive of each image primitive reconstruct 3D scene I(8 on the right of integration imaging double vision 3D display device), the micro-pattern matrix II(7 of son) in the lens cells that sees through in microlens array (3) corresponding to this image primitive of each image primitive reconstruct 3D scene II(9 on the left side of integration imaging double vision 3D display device).In viewing ratio lplace, presents different 3D scenes to left and right both direction respectively from the center of integration imaging double vision 3D display device, thereby the integration imaging double vision 3D having realized based on polarization grating shows.
Preferably, display screen comprises LCDs, plasma panel and organic EL display panel etc.
Preferably, the number of the image primitive in micro-pattern matrix (1) horizontal direction is than many one of the number of the lens cells in microlens array (3) horizontal direction, and the number of the image primitive in micro-pattern matrix (1) vertical direction equates with the number of the lens cells in microlens array (3) vertical direction.
Preferably, the horizontal width of the image primitive of micro-pattern matrix (1) is greater than the horizontal width of the lens cells of microlens array (3), and the vertical width of the image primitive of micro-pattern matrix (1) equals the vertical width of the lens cells of microlens array (3).
Preferably, polarization grating I(4) can fit tightly at dead ahead or the dead astern of display screen (2), polarization grating II(5) can fit tightly dead ahead or dead astern at microlens array (3).
Preferably, polarization grating I(4) the number of grid line unit equate with the number of the image primitive in micro-pattern matrix (1) horizontal direction, polarization grating I(4) the horizontal width of grid line unit equate with the horizontal width of the image primitive of micro-pattern matrix (1), polarization grating I(4) the vertical width of grid line unit equate with the vertical width of micro-pattern matrix (1).
Preferably, polarization grating II(5) the number of grid line unit equate with the number of the lens cells in microlens array (3) horizontal direction, polarization grating II(5) the horizontal width of grid line unit equate with the horizontal width of the lens cells of microlens array (3), the horizontal width of sub-grid line unit is the half of the horizontal width of the lens cells of microlens array (3), polarization grating II(5) the vertical width of grid line unit equate with the vertical width of microlens array (3).
Preferably, viewing ratio lfocal length with the lens cells of microlens array (3) fmeet formula:
(1)
Wherein, wfor the horizontal width of the image primitive of micro-pattern matrix (1), pfor the horizontal width of the lens cells of microlens array (3), ffor the focal length of the lens cells of microlens array (3).
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural drawing of the double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating of the present invention
Accompanying drawing 2 is the arrangement schematic diagram of the micro-pattern matrix of son of the present invention
Accompanying drawing 3 is the vision area distribution plan of the double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating of the present invention
Shown by reference numeral in above-mentioned accompanying drawing is:
1 micro-pattern matrix, 2 display screens, 3 microlens arrays, 4 polarization grating I, 5 polarization grating II, 6 sub micro-pattern matrix I, 7 sub micro-pattern matrix II, 8 3D scene I, 9 3D scene II.
Embodiment
Describe an exemplary embodiments utilizing a kind of double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating of the present invention below in detail, the present invention is further described specifically.Be necessary to be pointed out that at this; following examples are only described further for the present invention; can not be interpreted as limiting the scope of the invention; this art skilled person makes some nonessential improvement and adjustment according to the invention described above content to the present invention, still belongs to protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, this device comprises the display screen (2) that shows micro-pattern matrix (1), microlens array (3), polarization grating I(4 to a kind of integration imaging double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating) and polarization grating II(5).Display screen (2) is positioned on the focal plane of microlens array (3), and corresponding alignment all distinguished with the horizontal and vertical axis of microlens array (3) in the horizontal and vertical axis of display screen (2).As shown in Figure 2, micro-pattern matrix (1) is by two micro-pattern matrix I(6 of son) and sub micro-pattern matrix II(7) form, by 3D scene I(8) the micro-pattern matrix I(6 of son that obtains) be positioned at the left-half of micro-pattern matrix (1), and by 3D scene II(9) the micro-pattern matrix II(7 of son that obtains) be positioned at the right half part of micro-pattern matrix (1).The micro-pattern matrix I(7 of son) and sub micro-pattern matrix II(8) formed by the image primitive of 24 ' 27 same sizes respectively,, 24 image primitives in horizontal direction, 27 image primitives in vertical direction, the horizontal width of image primitive is w=2.5mm, the vertical width of image primitive is 2.4mm; Microlens array (3) is made up of the lens cells of 47 ' 27 same sizes, 47 lens cells in horizontal direction, and 27 lens cells in vertical direction, the horizontal width of lens cells is p=2.4mm, the vertical width of lens cells is 2.4mm, the focal length of lens cells is f=3mm.Polarization grating I(4) fit tightly polarization grating II(5 with display screen (2)) fit tightly with microlens array (3).Polarization grating I(4) by the grid line unit of 48 same sizes in the horizontal direction close-packed arrays form, the horizontal width of grid line unit is 2.5mm, the vertical width of grid line unit is 64.8mm, each grid line unit only has a kind of polarization direction, and the polarization direction of two grid line unit of arbitrary neighborhood is orthogonal.Polarization grating II(5) by the grid line unit of 47 same sizes in the horizontal direction close-packed arrays form, the horizontal width of grid line unit is 2.4mm, the vertical width of grid line unit is 64.8mm, be positioned at polarization grating II(5) the orthogonal sub-grid line unit close-packed arrays composition in the horizontal direction in the You Liangge polarization direction, grid line unit of center, the horizontal width of sub-grid line unit is 1.2mm, and the vertical width of sub-grid line unit is 64.8mm.Polarization grating II(5) in other grid line unit all only there is a kind of polarization direction, being positioned at polarization grating II(5) polarization direction of the grid line unit that is adjacent respectively, the sub-grid line unit of the grid line unit of center is orthogonal, and the polarization direction of two grid line unit of other arbitrary neighborhoods is orthogonal.
As shown in Figure 3, polarization grating I(4) make to become the linearly polarized light with different polarization direction by its light, and polarization grating II(5) linearly polarized light is had to modulating action, make sub micro-pattern matrix I(6) in the lens cells that sees through in microlens array (3) corresponding to this image primitive of each image primitive reconstruct 3D scene I(8 on the right of integration imaging double vision 3D display device), the micro-pattern matrix II(7 of son) in the lens cells that sees through in microlens array (3) corresponding to this image primitive of each image primitive reconstruct 3D scene II(9 on the left side of integration imaging double vision 3D display device).Viewing ratio is determined by following formula: , wherein, wfor the horizontal width of the image primitive of micro-pattern matrix (1), pfor the horizontal width of the lens cells of microlens array (3), ffor the focal length of the lens cells of microlens array (3).By calculating l=75mm, presents different 3D scenes to left and right both direction respectively from the center of integration imaging double vision 3D display device, thereby the integration imaging double vision 3D having realized based on polarization grating shows.

Claims (8)

1. the integration imaging double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating, is characterized in that, this device comprises the display screen (2) that shows micro-pattern matrix (1), microlens array (3), polarization grating I(4) and polarization grating II(5), display screen (2) is positioned on the focal plane of microlens array (3), and corresponding alignment all distinguished with the horizontal and vertical axis of microlens array (3) in the horizontal and vertical axis of display screen (2), micro-pattern matrix (1) is by the micro-pattern matrix I(6 of son) and sub micro-pattern matrix II(7) form, by 3D scene I(8) the micro-pattern matrix I(6 of son that obtains) be positioned at the left-half of micro-pattern matrix (1), and by 3D scene II(9) the micro-pattern matrix II(7 of son that obtains) be positioned at the right half part of micro-pattern matrix (1), the micro-pattern matrix I(7 of son) and sub micro-pattern matrix II(8) formed by the image primitive of series of identical size respectively, microlens array (3) is made up of the lens cells of series of identical size, polarization grating I(4) fit tightly polarization grating II(5 with display screen (2)) fit tightly with microlens array (3), polarization grating I(4) by the grid line unit of series of identical size in the horizontal direction close-packed arrays form, each grid line unit only has a kind of polarization direction, the polarization direction of two grid line unit of arbitrary neighborhood is orthogonal, polarization grating II(5) by the grid line unit of series of identical size in the horizontal direction close-packed arrays form, being positioned at polarization grating II(5) the grid line unit of center is by two same sizes, the sub-grid line unit close-packed arrays composition in the horizontal direction that polarization direction is orthogonal, polarization grating II(5) in other grid line unit all only there is a kind of polarization direction, being positioned at polarization grating II(5) polarization direction of the grid line unit that is adjacent respectively, the sub-grid line unit of the grid line unit of center is orthogonal, the polarization direction of two grid line unit of other arbitrary neighborhoods is orthogonal, polarization grating I(4) make to become the linearly polarized light with different polarization direction by its light, and polarization grating II(5) linearly polarized light is had to modulating action, make sub micro-pattern matrix I(6) in the lens cells that sees through in microlens array (3) corresponding to this image primitive of each image primitive reconstruct 3D scene I(8 on the right of integration imaging double vision 3D display device), the micro-pattern matrix II(7 of son) in the lens cells that sees through in microlens array (3) corresponding to this image primitive of each image primitive reconstruct 3D scene II(9 on the left side of integration imaging double vision 3D display device), at viewing ratio place, present different 3D scenes to left and right both direction respectively from the center of integration imaging double vision 3D display device, thereby the integration imaging double vision 3D having realized based on polarization grating shows.
2. a kind of integration imaging double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating according to claim 1, is characterized in that, display screen comprises LCDs, plasma panel and organic EL display panel etc.
3. a kind of integration imaging double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the number of the image primitive in micro-pattern matrix (1) horizontal direction is than many one of the number of the lens cells in microlens array (3) horizontal direction, and the number of the image primitive in micro-pattern matrix (1) vertical direction equates with the number of the lens cells in microlens array (3) vertical direction.
4. a kind of integration imaging double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the horizontal width of the image primitive of micro-pattern matrix (1) is greater than the horizontal width of the lens cells of microlens array (3), and the vertical width of the image primitive of micro-pattern matrix (1) equals the vertical width of the lens cells of microlens array (3).
5. a kind of integration imaging double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, polarization grating I(4) can fit tightly at dead ahead or the dead astern of display screen (2), polarization grating II(5) can fit tightly dead ahead or dead astern at microlens array (3).
6. a kind of integration imaging double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, polarization grating I(4) the number of grid line unit equate with the number of the image primitive in micro-pattern matrix (1) horizontal direction, polarization grating I(4) the horizontal width of grid line unit equate with the horizontal width of the image primitive of micro-pattern matrix (1), polarization grating I(4) the vertical width of grid line unit equate with the vertical width of micro-pattern matrix (1).
7. a kind of integration imaging double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, polarization grating II(5) the number of grid line unit equate with the number of the lens cells in microlens array (3) horizontal direction, polarization grating II(5) the horizontal width of grid line unit equate with the horizontal width of the lens cells of microlens array (3), the horizontal width of sub-grid line unit is the half of the horizontal width of the lens cells of microlens array (3), polarization grating II(5) the vertical width of grid line unit equate with the vertical width of microlens array (3).
8. a kind of integration imaging double vision 3D display device based on polarization grating according to claim 1, is characterized in that viewing ratio lfocal length with the lens cells of microlens array (3) fmeet formula , wfor the horizontal width of the image primitive of micro-pattern matrix (1), pfor the horizontal width of the lens cells of microlens array (3), ffor the focal length of the lens cells of microlens array (3).
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