CN103821541B - The assemble method of the ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure - Google Patents

The assemble method of the ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103821541B
CN103821541B CN201410055632.8A CN201410055632A CN103821541B CN 103821541 B CN103821541 B CN 103821541B CN 201410055632 A CN201410055632 A CN 201410055632A CN 103821541 B CN103821541 B CN 103821541B
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ingate
template
column
support
bracing frame
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CN103821541A (en
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崔喜旺
张桥梁
申保军
宋彦辉
吴海燕
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China Huaye Group Co Ltd
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China Huaye Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of assemble method of ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure, comprise: according to the overall structure of ingate, the ingate template being used for assembling ingate and the support system that is used for supporting ingate template are carried out the division arranged, the support system of ingate template comprises bracing frame and support bar; According to divided row, respectively column number mark is carried out to the front of ingate template and two sides and bracing frame, according to the support system of column number mark assembling ingate template, then according to and the column number in the column number of the bracing frame front and two sides that mark corresponding ingate template mark, support system is assembled the body of wall position of ingate and the arch position of ingate.Fast and safely can be assembled template by the present invention, and install simple and easy, workable, at minimizing template carrying number of times, reduce the labour intensity of workman, while alleviating man power and material's burden, progress and the efficiency of construction can also be improved.

Description

The assemble method of the ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to Construction Technology field, more specifically, relate to a kind of assemble method of ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure.
Background technology
Along with mineral resources demand is increasing, mining is also being opened up to deep.Along with the Deep mining in mine, the mine of the major diameter run into, deep well vertical shaft type can get more and more, and big cross section ingate is also more and more common.
Build in the construction of engineering in the pick of degree of depth mine, all adopt cast-in-situ concrete as permanent support, and cast-in-situ concrete all needs to use template.When building the big cross section ingate of mine, then need to adopt large-scale polymorphic structure ingate template to set up.This template can repeat to utilize, and can solve the supporting difficult problem that special-shaped part connects stubble complexity, thus accelerates the speed of construction.The ingate being generally used for large-scale polymorphic structure due to this template installs; thus its weight can reach tens of ton usually; and the template of this kind large-scale also relates to bracing frame, connector and Split form, what the feature that its pattern is complicated, special-shaped part is more often easily had influence on template sets up progress.
The ingate template of traditional large scale special-shaped structure adopts scaffold, wooden form or type steel skeleton to set up usually, thus needs the template number used very many, installs also extremely complicated.But in this limited space of degree of depth mine, this kind of traditional method is adopted to carry out setting up the number of times not only increasing workers carry's template, cause a large amount of man power and material burden, but also can increase template install speed, thus have influence on progress and the efficiency of construction.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above problems, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of assemble method of ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure, to reduce template carrying number of times, reduce the labour intensity of workman, alleviate man power and material's burden, improve progress and the efficiency of construction.
The invention provides a kind of assemble method of ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure, comprising:
According to the overall structure of ingate, the ingate template being used for assembling ingate and the support system that is used for supporting ingate template are carried out the division arranged, the support system of ingate template comprises bracing frame and support bar;
According to divided row, respectively column number mark is carried out to the front of ingate template and two sides and the bracing frame for assembling support system;
Column number according to bracing frame marks, the support system of assembling ingate template;
Column number according to the front and two sides that mark corresponding ingate template with the column number of bracing frame marks, and support system is assembled the body of wall position of ingate template and the arch position of ingate template.
Wherein, the front of ingate template and two sides and the bracing frame for assembling support system are being carried out in the process of column number mark respectively, according to the quantity of the ingate template used often arranged and the quantity often arranging the bracing frame used, press row number to ingate template and bracing frame to be numbered successively, and adopt same color to mark in the part be connected between the column and the column of ingate template.
Wherein, bracing frame comprises base carrier, top supporting frame and connection bracing frame; And, in the process of the support system of assembling ingate template: top supporting frame is connected with the arch position of ingate template by support bar, connect bracing frame to be connected with top supporting frame with base carrier respectively, for supporting the arch position of ingate template.
Utilize the assemble method of the above-mentioned ingate template according to large scale special-shaped structure of the present invention, can fast and safely assemble template, and install simple and easy, workable, at minimizing template carrying number of times, reduce the labour intensity of workman, while alleviating man power and material's burden, progress and the efficiency of construction can also be improved.
In order to realize above-mentioned and relevant object, will describe in detail and the feature particularly pointed out in the claims after one or more aspect of the present invention comprises.Explanation below and accompanying drawing describe some illustrative aspects of the present invention in detail.But what these aspects indicated is only some modes that can use in the various modes of principle of the present invention.In addition, the present invention is intended to comprise all these aspects and their equivalent.
Accompanying drawing explanation
By reference to the content below in conjunction with the description of the drawings and claims, and understand more comprehensively along with to of the present invention, other object of the present invention and result will more be understood and should be readily appreciated that.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the assemble method schematic flow sheet of the ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure according to the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the plane structure schematic diagram of the support system of ingate template according to the embodiment of the present invention;
In figure, 1, side column; 2, intermediolateral column; 3, crossbeam; 4, crossbeam; 5, middle post; 6, crossbeam upper support column; 7, support bar.
Label identical in all of the figs indicates similar or corresponding feature or function.
Detailed description of the invention
Below with reference to accompanying drawing, specific embodiments of the invention are described in detail.
Erection method for the ingate template of the large scale special-shaped structure of aforementioned conventional is extremely complicated, easily causes a large amount of man power and material's burdens, and the progress of impact construction and the problem of efficiency.Ingate template is numbered mark by the present invention, then according to numbering, ingate template is assembled, can fast and safely be assembled template by the present invention, and install simple and easy, workable, at minimizing template carrying number of times, reduce the labour intensity of workman, while alleviating man power and material's burden, progress and the efficiency of construction can also be improved.
In order to ingate template assemblies method provided by the present invention is described, Fig. 1 shows the assemble method flow process of the ingate template of the large scale special-shaped structure according to the embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the ingate template assemblies method of large scale special-shaped structure provided by the present invention comprises:
S110: according to the overall structure of ingate, the ingate template being used for assembling ingate and the support system that is used for supporting ingate template are carried out the division arranged.
Wherein, the overall structure of ingate comprises shape and the length of ingate, when the division arranged ingate template, divides according to the shape of ingate and length.
S120: according to divided row, carries out column number mark respectively to the front of ingate template and two sides and the bracing frame for assembling support system.
Wherein, the support system of ingate template comprises bracing frame and support bar, the front of ingate template and two sides and the bracing frame for assembling support system are being numbered in the process of mark respectively, according to the quantity of the ingate template used often arranged and the quantity often arranging the bracing frame used, press row number to ingate template and bracing frame to be numbered successively, and adopt same color to mark in the part be connected between the column and the column of ingate template.
Such as, divide ingate template in order to 5 row in step s 110, the quantity of the ingate template that first row uses is 22 pieces, the quantity of the bracing frame that first row uses is 11, so according to step S120, then the numbering of first row ingate template then should be 1-1 mutually, 1-2,1-22, the numbering of first row bracing frame is then 1-1,1-2,, 1-10; The quantity of the ingate template that secondary series uses is 20 pieces, and the quantity of the bracing frame that secondary series uses is similarly 11, and so the numbering of secondary series ingate template is then 2-1,2-2,, 2-20, secondary series bracing members frame be numbered 2-1,2-2 ..., 2-10.
Meanwhile, for the ease of looking for ingate template at night or under limited space of mine, the part same color be connected with secondary series at first row marks, and secondary series and the 3rd arranges the part be connected and marks by another color.That is, adopt same color to mark in the part be connected between the column and the column of ingate template, but the marker color that uses of each row be connected otherwise repeat mutually.For the numbering labeling method of the ingate template arranged other and above-mentioned similar, do not repeat them here.
It should be noted that, being numbered mark to the two sides of ingate template can when template facade be placed and is blocked mutually front, enable operating personnel smoothly by the numbering mark of side and find out corresponding templates fast, thus the time of conserve space and searching template.Meanwhile, be numbered mainly in order to be beneficial to the installation at ingate arch position to ingate template, therefore, when being numbered mark to ingate template, must number mark clear, and install time install in strict accordance with numbering mark.
S130: the column number according to bracing frame marks, the support system of assembling ingate template.
Wherein, bracing frame comprises base carrier, top supporting frame and connection bracing frame, in the process of the support system of assembling ingate template, top supporting frame is connected with the arch position of ingate template by support bar, connect bracing frame to be connected with top supporting frame with base carrier respectively, for supporting the arch position of ingate template.
Wherein, connect bracing frame and comprise crossbeam and connecting cross beam, base carrier is made up of at least one intermediolateral column and at least two side columns; Wherein, intermediolateral column be positioned over the centre of side column and connect intermediolateral column and side column by crossbeam, post in the middle of placing between every root side column and intermediolateral column, one end of middle post is connected with intermediolateral column with side column by connecting cross beam, and the other end of middle post is connected with intermediolateral column with side column by crossbeam.
Particularly, when the assembling of the support system of ingate template, first should carry out fixed point location by survey crew, and then carry out the assembling of support system.After support system assembling is complete, the elementary contour of ingate template also just defines, and the support system therefore assembling ingate template is the key controlling ingate size.
S140: the column number according to the front and two sides that mark corresponding ingate template with the column number of bracing frame marks, and support system is assembled the body of wall position of ingate and the arch position of ingate.
Particularly, the ingate template at the body of wall position of ingate and the arch position of ingate is assembled by bolt or support bar.Wherein, in the process of assembling the body of wall position of ingate and the arch position of ingate, on support system, first assemble the body of wall position of ingate, on support system, then assemble the arch position of ingate.
It should be noted that, the column number in the above-mentioned front and two sides that mark corresponding ingate template with the column number of bracing frame marks, refer to row number identical, such as first row ingate template should be assembled on first row bracing frame, secondary series ingate template assemblies is on secondary series bracing frame, and the quantity of the bracing frame of the assembling support system do not referred to is corresponding with the quantity of assembling ingate template.
Check whether the tie point of each bolt or support bar connects closely after being completed by ingate template assemblies, and then carry out concrete building.And to prevent ingate template from producing distortion because colliding with when assembling, so affect template planeness and to the inconvenience that brings of installation.
Can be found out by the flow process shown in Fig. 1, the assemble method of the ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure provided by the present invention can fast and safely be assembled ingate template, reducing the labour intensity of workman, while alleviating man power and material's burden, progress and the efficiency of construction can also be improved.
It should be noted that, the support system of ingate template is a key point of the present invention, in order to this support system is described, more in order to further illustrate the assemble method of ingate template provided by the present invention, Fig. 2 shows the plane structure of the support system of the ingate template according to the embodiment of the present invention.Following composition graphs 2 to be illustrated in more detail to the assemble method of ingate template provided by the present invention and support system thereof.
First according to the division that the overall structure of ingate arranges ingate template, then according to divided row, respectively column number mark is carried out to the front of ingate template and two sides and the bracing frame for assembling support system.
In an example of the present invention, ingate is basket handle arch shape, length 7m, low after front height, skewed, containing chamber, and ingate template forms primarily of three parts: assembling type steel template, main and in composition chamber side wall template, chamber end face template, bracing members frame is mainly used in the bracing frame and the arch brace circle that support chamber different cross section, connect the whole support system that bracing frame and bolt are mainly used in connecting each ingate template and forming ingate template.
According to the compositing characteristic of template, most species and the most difficult assembled part are the arch position of ingate template, and it adopts 166 pieces of Split forms to assemble and forms.Before ingate template is assembled, first ingate template is divided into 7 row, and successively this 7 row ingate template is numbered and mark.Wherein, numbering and mark employing 3 kinds of methods, so, lost efficacy even if a kind of, also found corresponding template fast by other two kinds of methods.
Particularly, numbering with labeling method as follows: because the template divided 7 arranges totally, therefore with sequence number 1. ~ 7. represent; First row is made up of 23 pieces of little templates, and from left to right number consecutively is 1.-1 clockwise, and 1.-2 ... 1.-23; Secondary series is made up of 21 pieces of little templates, and numbering is followed successively by 2.-1, and 2.-2 ... 2.-21, all the other are row respectively, and 36 pieces, wall portion, amount to 136 pieces.12 pieces, chamber part wall portion, 18 pieces, arch, amount to 30 pieces, the ingate template of therefore assembling amounts to 166 pieces.
In addition, for ease of looking for template at night or space, limited down-hole, mark (white) at first row and secondary series joining part same paint, secondary series and the 3rd row joining part blueness are painted and are marked, listing between row all adopts paint of the same race to mark, and each row marker color does not repeat.Paint pen in every block template two sides and write out numbering (numbering consistent with above-mentioned method for numbering serial), this object is placed at template facade, and find out corresponding templates in marking from the side when blocking mutually front, conserve space and searching template time.
For the numbering of bracing frame, mark can be numbered successively according to often arranging the quantity of bracing frame that uses and the length of bracing frame and pattern, wherein numbering labeling method and above-mentioned numbering labeling method similar, do not repeat them here.
When assembling ingate template, it is levelling that its order is that survey crew carries out, and then arranges bracing frame according to drawing and be assembled into the support system of ingate template.Support system is as shown in Figure 2 particularly:
Wherein, the base carrier of ingate form bracing system is made up of two side columns 1 and intermediolateral column 2, the connection bracing frame of ingate form bracing system is made up of a crossbeam 3 and two connecting cross beams 4, the top supporting frame of ingate form bracing system is made up of five crossbeam upper support columns 6, and top supporting frame is connected with the arch position of ingate template by support bar 7, for directly supporting the arch position of ingate template.
In the support system of this ingate template, intermediolateral column 2 be positioned over the centre of two side columns 1 and connected by crossbeam 3, post 5 in the middle of placing between every root side column 1 and intermediolateral column 2, one end of middle post 5 is connected with intermediolateral column 2 with side column 1 by connecting cross beam 4, and the other end of middle post 5 is connected with intermediolateral column 2 with side column 1 by crossbeam 3.
It should be noted that, because the height at the arch position of ingate is different, therefore, the length of the crossbeam upper support column that the top supporting frame for directly supporting ingate arch position uses is also different.
In addition, also it should be noted that, the support system of whole ingate template is made up of the support system of divided row, Fig. 2 illustrate only the support system of a certain row of whole ingate template, the support system of other row is identical with the support system of the ingate template shown in Fig. 2, does not repeat them here.
After the support system installing whole ingate template, then can carry out the assembling at body of wall position of ingate template and the assembling at the arch position of ingate, check whether all seams connect closely after template assemblies is complete, and then carry out concrete building.
Treat that concreting is complete and after being agglomerated to a certain degree, the dismounting of template can be carried out, when dismantling template, first the template at the arch position of ingate template is removed, then top supporting frame and crossbeam is unloaded, and then remove the template at body of wall position of ingate template, finally remove base carrier.
It should be noted that, should be noted that in the installation process of ingate template: when bracing frame is installed, its steadiness must be kept, location namely bottom bracing frame and leveling, and in the installation and removal process of template, the distortion that need prevent collides with brings, and then affect the planeness of template and the inconvenience of installation.To protect accordingly the screw thread of support bar, avoid the damage of the screw thread of support bar or enter concrete, thus have influence on the connection of whole ingate template.In addition, the junction of each template is wanted closely, in order to avoid affect the intensity of seam crossing.Each template answers effects on surface to carry out the process of health and the demoulding before and after using.
Can be found out by the detailed introduction of the assemble method of the above-mentioned ingate template to large scale special-shaped structure provided by the present invention, the present invention can fast and safely assemble template, and install simple and easy, workable, at minimizing template carrying number of times, reduce the labour intensity of workman, while alleviating man power and material's burden, progress and the efficiency of construction can also be improved.
The assemble method of the ingate template according to large scale special-shaped structure of the present invention is described in an illustrative manner above with reference to accompanying drawing.But, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the assemble method of the ingate template of the large scale special-shaped structure that the invention described above is proposed, various improvement can also be made on the basis not departing from content of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be determined by the content of appending claims.

Claims (5)

1. an assemble method for the ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure, comprising:
According to the overall structure of ingate, the ingate template being used for assembling described ingate and the support system that is used for supporting described ingate template are carried out the division arranged, the support system of described ingate template comprises bracing frame and support bar;
According to divided row, respectively column number mark is carried out to the front of described ingate template and two sides and the bracing frame for assembling described support system; Wherein, according to the quantity of the ingate template used often arranged and the quantity often arranging the bracing frame used, press row number to described ingate template and support frame as described above to be numbered successively, and adopt same color to mark in the part be connected between the column and the column of described ingate template;
Column number according to support frame as described above marks, and assembles the support system of described ingate template;
Column number according to the front and two sides that mark corresponding ingate template with the column number of support frame as described above marks, and described support system is assembled the body of wall position of described ingate and the arch position of described ingate.
2. the assemble method of the ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein,
Support frame as described above comprises base carrier, top supporting frame and connection bracing frame; Further, in the process of the support system of the described ingate template of assembling:
Described top supporting frame is connected by the arch position of described support bar with described ingate template, and described connection bracing frame is connected with described top supporting frame with described base carrier respectively, for supporting the arch position of described ingate template.
3. the assemble method of the ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure as claimed in claim 2, wherein, described connection bracing frame comprises crossbeam and connecting cross beam, and described base carrier is made up of at least one intermediolateral column and at least two side columns; Wherein,
Described intermediolateral column be positioned over the centre of described side column and connect described intermediolateral column and described side column by described crossbeam, post in the middle of placing between every root side column and described intermediolateral column, one end of described middle post is connected with described intermediolateral column with described side column by described connecting cross beam, and the other end of described middle post is connected with described intermediolateral column with described side column by described crossbeam.
4. the assemble method of the ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein, in the process of assembling the body of wall position of described ingate and the arch position of described ingate,
First on described support system, assemble the body of wall position of described ingate, on described support system, then assemble the arch position of described ingate.
5. the assemble method of the ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein, assembles the ingate template at the body of wall position of described ingate and the arch position of described ingate by bolt or support bar.
CN201410055632.8A 2014-02-19 2014-02-19 The assemble method of the ingate template of large scale special-shaped structure Active CN103821541B (en)

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CN104453914B (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-08-24 新汶矿业集团有限责任公司 The construction method of ingate anti-impact shock-absorbing supporting construction
CN107877652A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-04-06 梦天木门集团有限公司 A kind of field installation process suitable for finished wooden

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CN202483587U (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-10-10 中铁隧道股份有限公司 Special-shaped lining trolley applied to occasion of non-disassembling support construction lining
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