CN103821276A - Novel assembly-type modular building system - Google Patents

Novel assembly-type modular building system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103821276A
CN103821276A CN201410077374.3A CN201410077374A CN103821276A CN 103821276 A CN103821276 A CN 103821276A CN 201410077374 A CN201410077374 A CN 201410077374A CN 103821276 A CN103821276 A CN 103821276A
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
steel
steel frame
installing plate
frame installing
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CN201410077374.3A
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CN103821276B (en
Inventor
闫运杰
姚树刚
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Shenyang Nuo Sida Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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SHENYANG ZHONGZHENGYIJIAN MODERN CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention discloses a novel assembly-type modular building system, belongs to the field of building technologies, and relates to a structure which is characterized by comprising mobile detachable/foldable components, in particular to a novel assembly-type modular building system. The novel assembly-type modular building system has the characteristics of energy conservation, environmental friendliness, raw material conservation, short construction period, low construction energy consumption, good seismic performance, good sound-insulation effect, large effective building area, capability for repeated use, low cost and the like. The novel assembly-type modular building system comprises a wall panel system, a roof panel system, a grid panel system and a floor system; all the systems comprise steel skeleton basic plates. Each steel skeleton basic plate is a rectangular frame body, wherein a thermal-insulation board is arranged in the rectangular frame body; parallel support posts are vertically arranged between the two longer sides of the rectangular frame body and in the thermal-insulation board; a net, of which the area corresponds to that of the thermal-insulation board, is arranged in the thermal-insulation board; steel plates are arranged at the joints of the thermal-insulation board and the four angles on one side of the rectangular frame body.

Description

A kind of novel assembling, modular architectural system
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of buildings, relate to a kind ofly take removable, removable or foldable part as the structure of feature, specifically, relate to a kind of novel assembling, modular architectural system.
Background technology
At present, the construction market of China is still used traditional handicraft in large quantities, the common shortcoming that traditional handicraft exists: in production link, raw material are produced ecological environment and the energy are caused to huge and expendable destruction, for example: loam brick causes considerable damage to land resources, country has progressively forbidden producing.In construction link, the on-the-spot waste of raw material is too large, building waste contaminated environment, and building dust pollution air, building influence of noise resident living, the construction period is long, and architectural energy consumption is large.And house effective area is little, building up rear material can not secondary utilization, can cause again a large amount of building wastes after moving.In addition, building costs is high, is accompanied by expanding economy, the rise of labour cost, and building costs is riseing with 10% speed every year.
For the shortcoming of above existing building structure, country puts into effect the policy of a series of encouragement modern architecture industries, for reach " putting up a house " in factory, the object " putting up a house as dress automobile ", planning is proposed: modern architecture industrialization is the great change in traditional architecture industry development model and path, to produce with element precastization, fabricated construction is the mode of production, with design standard, member component, construction machinery turns to feature, with leading industry, product is attached most importance to, pass through Integration Design, produce, the whole industrial chains such as construction, the various production factors of optimum organization, carry out compartmentalization layout, specialized production, scale is built, seriation processing, socialized service system, modern management mode and the form of industrial organization of enterprise-style management.Its essence is traditional architecture industry is undergone technological transformation, promote the process of builing industry scientific and technological progress.
From world wide, a lot of countries are all higher in the industry rate of development architectural industrialization, especially house, and for example the industrialization ratio of Japan and U.S.'s house reaches 70%, and Britain reaches more than 75%, and Sweden has reached more than 80% even.The industrialization of construction industry starting of France early, is " first generation industrialization of construction industry " from the fifties in last century to the seventies, take full assembled large panel and tool-typed formwork cast in place process as mark; After the seventies, transition is " second generation industrialization of construction industry ", take general component and fitting goods and equipment as feature.Different from the extensive prefabrication and assembly construction route in Europe, " architectural industrialization " very do not carried by the U.S., but their builing industry remains along architectural industrialization Road Development, and reached higher level, and quite focuses on personalized, diversified.Due to the concrete condition difference of every country, the implementation method of architectural industrialization exists two kinds of trend: one is that many countries such as France, Japan, the former Soviet Union, Sweden, Finland all strive for the method with standardization component and fitting composition building, i.e. general system principle; Another trend is to dwindle sizing unit, and standardization and variation are united better.At present, the building amount of China accounts for 50% of world architecture total amount, but building industry rate is only 7%.
Therefore in recent years, be accompanied by encouragement and the support of China to modern architecture industry, novel modern architecture industry is under response energy-saving and environmental protection, quick, safe equal angles, and novel modern architecture product, building construction technique emerge in an endless stream as " emerging rapidly in large numbersBamboo shoots after a spring rain ".
China's existing novel modern architecture industry development is at present divided into two kinds of mode developments generally: 1, on architectural exterior-protecting construction.In fact still, continue the construction technology of traditional architecture, select New Building Materials as architectural exterior-protecting construction, as: fly ash building block, foam cement masonry structure and lattice hollow light building block (patent No. is 201120514927.9), EPS foamed concrete grouting exterior wall (patent No. is 201220189578.2) etc.This is a kind of change that is continuing traditional architecture technique " superficial reform ", " curing the symptoms, not the disease ", only on constructional materials, selects some more to meet the product of country to energy-saving and emission-reduction, environment protection treating requirement.Therefore its shortcoming: change degree is inadequate, and drawback is not thoroughly taken on a new look; But advantage: promote resistance little, be more easily applied to building trade.
2, utilize new builing structure and the novel building space enclosing structure of new technology.Utilize precast unit miscellaneous, the construction house as " playing with building blocks ".This is also the ideal architecture pattern that country encourages the most, and building system of the present invention is just under the jurisdiction of the second, a kind of new builing structure of new technology and product and construction technology of novel building space enclosing structure utilized.Be directed to the invention of this building system, modern domestic building industry development course is two kinds of plank frames nothing more than: one is exoskeletal plank frame, as: the products such as light cellular partition board, prestressed concrete side fascia, for example, the modular assembling concrete exterior wall system (number of patent application is 201210268026.5) that occupation rate of market is higher.Another kind is to have skeleton plank frame, wherein has skeleton form to be divided into again concrete skeleton form and steel frame form.
Wherein, the shortcoming of exoskeletal plank frame: thickness of slab, cost is higher, plate area is large, and (every plate is to contain door and window hole conventionally, under can traffic condition, long is post distance, the wide plate width for floor height) cause assembling process very high to crane requirement, transport difficulty is subject to route and limit for height affect and increase, trace it to its cause is because exoskeletal plate is to rely on integral slab and inner reinforcing bar as stress system, active force passes to post and beam structure by reinforcing bar, existing concrete material amount of deflection is excessive, can ftracture, its span is large, area is large, if rigidity is low, inevitable amount of deflection is large, so require all higher to thickness of slab and concrete strength.And the template system that forming process needs flat-die and Bian Mo jointly to make, by building, Vibration Technology moulding, can support after form removal until curing strength, can carry out form removal, makes flow process complexity; Because plate width is large, from heavy, need to there be slingcart supplement production, installation again.And existing building has aesthetic demands, what pursue is all personalized, cause individual difference larger, so nearly all template all cannot reuse, and in the cost of exoskeletal plate engineering, die sinking expense accounts for total cost 30%, great type equipment investment accounts for 10% of total cost, and can only produce different templates according to different Form of Architectures, can not accomplish standardized production, continuous operations.Although so can batch production produce, the labour cost of manufacturing process reduces, installation period is short, and installation process labour cost and installation cost are low; But still cannot make up die sinking expense, fixed value product interest on investment expense; So current exoskeletal plate cost still will be higher than traditional handicraft, although and installation period short, count in and make the duration, its total duration relatively traditional handicraft duration there is no advantage, therefore traction is also poor.
Have shortcoming and the exoskeletal system plate of the concrete skeleton system in skeleton system very similar, although advantage has solved a plate excessive problem by partition, be beneficial to transportation, cost is low, fire-resistant.But be still in the time running into customed product, to process that the template time is long, expense is high; The template difficulty of processing of concrete skeleton system plate is because there is the cause of skeleton rib, compare exoskeletal plate template system processing and to change the difficulty of mould larger, exoskeletal plate can also change mould, concrete skeleton plate can change mould hardly, can only again process, if do not apply again in later production, will cause huge waste.And, in application process, also expose a large shortcoming, connecting portion anchorage length of steel bar and intensity do not meet the demands, and are unfavorable for long-term use and antidetonation.For example, the domestic more common large wallboard of prefabricated frame lightweight (number of patent application 201220261699.3).
Applicant is through large quantity research, experiment and market analysis for many years, develop reinforcing bar frame plate, patent name is: a kind of heat-insulation wall plate of frame construction, the patent No. is: 201220342163.4, it comprises a rectangle framework, its structural feature is: between two long limits of described rectangle framework, be vertically provided with some support columns, in the framework that rectangle framework and support column surround, be provided with net; One side of rectangle framework, and the support column of homonymy is provided with cushion block, the outside of cushion block is steel plate, and steel plate is connected with body of wall outer plaque by bolt, and the opposite side of rectangle framework is connected with body of wall trim panel by bolt; Fill insulant material between described net and body of wall outer plaque and body of wall trim panel, is provided with sealing joint strip on the limit of rectangle framework.This reinforcing bar frame plate is to utilize shaped steel to be welded into steel framework as skeleton, make the heat insulating material of building as core by steel mesh reinforcement and skeleton co-operation.Skeleton can be connected by angle steel and bolt with steel column or concrete column, reaches ash wall body plate and is connected with the safety of pillar.
But, this patented product is through a large amount of the coming into operation of applicant, in practice, find still to have following shortcoming and do following improvement: 1, complex structure, particularly anti-" cold bridge " part-structure is too complicated, be not suitable for factory's large-scale production, in actual application, after product is installed, seam portion is easily affected by thermal expansion and contraction and ftractures.2, the Type of Welding of steel frame is not carried out to deep research, so that steel frame welding fastness is inadequate, particularly light-gauge steel section is after long-time use, especially after by corrosion to a certain degree, may there is welding portion, there is the phenomenon weakening in the strength of materials, even has the danger of cracking, and totally unfavorable impact is appearred safely in space enclosing structure.3, consider not enoughly to installing, there is no too much mounting means and the mounting process of relating to.With the steel frame thermal insulation light plate (patent No.: 201320101194.5), and the shortcoming of the heat-insulation wall plate of frame construction (201220342163.4) is extremely similar.
The present invention is exactly for the problems referred to above, make up the shortcoming of 201220342163.4 patented products and other prior aries, and the application process of whole building system has been carried out to Modeling Research, and test, a kind of novel assembling, modular building system are provided; This system has energy-conserving and environment-protective, saves raw material, the construction period is fast, building energy consumption is little, anti-seismic performance is good, soundproof effect is good, house effective area is large, can repeatedly have enough to meet the need and use and the feature such as cheap.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, the present invention adopts following technical scheme.
The present invention includes shingle nail system, roof panel system, network frame plate system, and floor system.
In above-mentioned system, include the basic plate of steel frame, the basic plate of described steel frame is rectangle framework, its structural feature: rectangle framework built-in heat insulation plate, in described warming plate, be provided with vertically the support column being parallel to each other between two long limits of rectangle framework, in warming plate, be also provided with and the corresponding net of its area; Four angles of rectangle framework one side and the junction of warming plate are provided with steel plate.
Further, can on the long limit of two of described rectangle framework, suspension ring be set respectively.Described suspension ring and rectangle framework are threaded connection, and the each long limit of rectangle framework can arrange two suspension ring, lay respectively at first and the 3rd support column place; Before installation, suspension ring can be screwed on, after installation, suspension ring can be backed out.
In order to play better fire prevention and heat insulation effect; as a kind of preferred version of the basic plate of steel frame; described warming plate adopts weight proportion to be: 10% ~ 30% EPS granular polystyrene or perlite, 30% ~ 50% portland cement, and 30% ~ 40% flyash is made.
As the rectangle framework of one of chief component of the basic plated construction of steel frame, owing to considering raw-material saving, and the load-bearing of corner brace; Described rectangle framework can adopt cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, channel-section steel or cold bending thin wall square steel pipe, and described support column can adopt angle steel or cold bending thin wall square steel pipe.
For making steel plate firmly be arranged on the junction of four angles of rectangle framework and warming plate, in can warming plate, arrange one with the orthogonal junction steel plate of steel plate, one side of this junction steel plate is corresponding with a side of support column, and by welding, junction steel plate and support column are fixed, and the junction of four angles of steel plate and rectangle framework and warming plate also adopts and is welded and fixed.
Particularly, described rectangle framework length is 6000 ~ 9000mm, and wide is 900 ~ 1800mm, and thickness is 100 ~ 300mm, if rectangle framework cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, it is of a size of: C80 ~ C300, and thickness is 2.5 ~ 3mm; Rectangle framework (if hot rolling is common) channel-section steel, it is of a size of: [8 ~ [25; If rectangle framework cold bending thin wall square steel pipe, it is of a size of: 80 ~ 250, thickness is 2.5 ~ 3mm.If support column angle steel, it is of a size of: ∠ 30 ~ ∠ 50, and thickness is 3 ~ 5mm; If support column cold bending thin wall square steel pipe, it is of a size of: 30 ~ 50, thickness is 3 ~ 5mm.The thickness of steel plate is 10 ~ 20mm, and long and wide is 90 ~ 250mm.
In addition, the thickness that described warming plate does not have a side of steel plate to expose rectangle framework is 20 ~ 50mm; Its objective is: prevent " cold bridge " effect of plate exposure and cause indoor dewfall.
The beneficial effect of the present invention and traditional product of the prior art, technique.
(1) energy-conserving and environment-protective: the building thermal insulation material amount broad in the middle of watering of the basic plate of steel frame in building system of the present invention is used flyash, waste and old EPS granular polystyrene, and country is processed to industrial refuse can play a positive role.The basic plate of steel frame enters when install in building site and does not produce dust as prefabricated units, does not produce noise, can not produce building waste; So, the very environmental protection of this building system work progress.And the heat-insulating property of this building system is much better than existing block structure, building energy-saving is had to outstanding effect, and production process is without heat treatment, manufacturing process is also very energy-conservation.
(2) save raw material: the basic plate of steel frame in building system of the present invention can be made according to designing requirement, batch production is produced, so no matter from making link, or fixing link, can not waste raw material substantially, and raw material utilization rate almost 100%.
(3) construction period is fast: because building system of the present invention adopts fabricated construction, wallboard is example: be connected with building post with bolt by angle steel, saving that can be a large amount of is artificial.For example: a 10m 2ash wall body plate, by the crane installation in position of slinging, the used time is no more than 10 minutes, only needs to twist to connect 4 cover ~ 8 cover bolts, so work progress is extremely simple and convenient; Tradition masonry way 10 m 2metope needs a large work to add that the unskilled labourer time of one day just can complete; And other precast plate system can't break through bolt this technology that is linked and packed at present, can only rely on and weld.
(4) building energy consumption is little: because the core of the basic plate of steel frame in building system of the present invention is warming plate, heat insulation effect is equivalent to 8 times of traditional 370 common brick walls, more than the refrigeration in house, the expense of heating will reduce several times.
(5) anti-seismic performance is good: building system shingle nail system of the present invention is light material, and its weight is only 1/10 of traditional body of wall, and separately owing to being connected with frame structure system, therefore anti-seismic performance can obviously be superior to traditional structure.
(6) soundproof effect is good: be the core (warming plate) of comprehensive light material as shingle nail system due to what select, its internal construction is fluffy, is unfavorable for sound conduction, and under same thickness prerequisite, noise reduction capability is greater than traditional structure 45db.
(7) house effective area is large: in the situation that being better than traditional brick masonry wall thermal insulating effect, can also reduce greatly the thickness of ash wall body plate, thereby increase effective usable floor area of building.
(8) can repeatedly have enough to meet the need use: traditional architecture house, can not move, can only remove, can produce a large amount of building wastes.Building system of the present invention adopts assembling bolt to connect, and therefore ash wall body plate can be had enough to meet the need, as the dismountable rear material number of resettlement, strange land rebuilds, and also can have manufacturer to reclaim, and uses with the engineering collocation that will occur, only need to carry out surperficial simple process, after stenciling coating, do not see difference.The building being connected with steel structure frame, its material repeat usage can approach 70%, and the residual value of building contrasts existing traditional structure and will rise more than 10 times.
(9) expenditure of construction is lower: the basic plate of steel frame in building system of the present invention is owing to adopting batch production streamline to produce, and product material is light, and operation is simple, and therefore the cost of material is low; Site operation adopts assembling, and a large amount of use mechanization, can significantly reduce cost of labor, and final building comprehensive cost is reduced more than at least one times than traditional brick masonry structural cost.
The beneficial effect of the present invention compared with existing other precast plate systems.
(1) the present invention has created " modularization " feature, can accomplish that " plate " is general, is " basic plate " and can passes through extra components, and combination meets shingle nail, roof panel, floor plate, network frame plate different parts and function and uses.This can farthest meet industrialization development demand, and factory can farthest liberate production capacity, not because the accurately orientation problem of diversity of demand.
(2) " the shingle nail installation system " of the present invention's original creation, installs by bolt, has farthest liberated crane, and other precast plate system speed of comparing are faster, and it is easier to install.
(3) the present invention is due to the feature of " modularization ", and other precast plates of comparing, can make batch production after " basic plate ", and Assembling becomes building demand plate, and this will solve transportation problem greatly.Particularly be directed to network frame plate and shingle nail, indivedual other prefabricated network frame plates, conventionally due to Space Truss Design euclidean distance between node pair substantially >=3000mm, if so network frame plate also >=3000mm square, this can bring the restriction of super wide or superelevation to vehicle in transportation, thereby must use special large vehicle and handle relevant formality; Metope, also can be in transportation equally because floor height is mostly in 3000mm left and right, causes same difficulty.Allow to meet transportation, also cause freight volume to reduce because of particularity, the drawbacks such as freight charges increase.The present invention program can farthest save freight charges, expands capacity, and not limited by vehicle and road conditions.
Upper table is reached a conclusion for repeatedly calculating through applicant, and the present invention is because batch production is produced, and industrialization assembling is installed, and operation will be lacked much compared with brick masonry, and recruitment is also few a lot, so the duration also can accelerate widely.Mortar is built, stirred to masonry panel engineering site by laying bricks or stones, set up scaffold, remove scaffold, material vertical transportation and Secondary Transport, the indoor and outdoor engineering such as plaster, complex procedures, and the amount of labour used is large, so the cost that administration cost during construction, construction are established is temporarily also inevitable large.This comparison index refers to the comparison of carrying out in equal programming situation completing.
Upper table is for repeatedly calculating and reach a conclusion through applicant, and the present invention is because batch production is produced, and industrialization assembling is installed, and operation will be lacked much compared with brick masonry, and recruitment is also few a lot, so the duration also can accelerate widely.Coagulation earth house (building) face engineering site has concrete vibrating, reinforcing bar binding, the operation of carpenter's template, sets up scaffold, removes the engineerings such as scaffold, complex procedures, the amount of labour used is large, so the cost that administration cost during construction, construction are established is temporarily also inevitable large, wet trade is many, environment is had to pollution, and the construction period is long.This comparison index refers to the comparison of carrying out in equal programming situation completing.
The physical property testing result of the basic plate of building system of the present invention is as follows.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the basic plate of building system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the bight node enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the bight node enlarged drawing in the time that rectangle receptacle material is channel-section steel.
Fig. 5 is the bight node sectional view in the time that rectangle receptacle material is channel-section steel.
Wherein, 1 is that rectangle framework, 2 is that support column, 3 is that warming plate, 4 is that net, 5 is steel plate (a side welded nut or the female boring of tool, for being connected with corner brace), 6 be the first junction steel plate, its size: (50-150) × (50-100) × (6-10) mm, 7 is that suspension ring, 8 are the second junction steel plate, its size: (80-150) × (100-150) × (6-10) mm, 9 is the 3rd junction steel plate, its size: (80-150) × (50-100) × (6-10) mm, 10 is hush panel.
Fig. 6 is two structural representations that basic plate is assembled.
Fig. 7 is the sectional view of the B-B of Fig. 6.
Wherein, 11 for adjusting steel plate.
Fig. 8 is that steel frame installing plate of the present invention and steel column are installed bracket schematic diagram.
Fig. 9 is that steel frame installing plate of the present invention and concrete column are installed bracket schematic diagram.
Figure 10 hanging piece corner brace that to be steel frame installing plate of the present invention be connected with building post and the side direction view of support corner brace.
Figure 10-1st, the D of hanging piece corner brace is to view; Figure 10-2nd, the C of hanging piece corner brace is to view; Figure 10-3rd, the D of support corner brace is to view; Figure 10-4th, the C of support corner brace is to view.
Wherein, 12 is that cushion cap steel plate, 13 is that ribs, 14 is that steel column, 15 is that pre-embedded steel slab, 16 is that concrete column, 17 is that hanging piece corner brace, 18 is that support corner brace, 19 is that reinforcing bar, 20 is that outer architectural surface, 21 is that the composite impervious coating of cement based, 22 is that glass fiber net cement clay composite bed, 23 is that polyethylene foamed rod, 24 is that fluid sealant, 25 is extruded sheet.
Figure 11 is that the plate plate of steel frame installing plate metope stress system of the present invention strengthens the structural representation of type of attachment from the visual angle in building outside.
Figure 12 is that the plate plate of steel frame installing plate metope stress system of the present invention strengthens the structural representation of type of attachment from the visual angle of building inner side.
Figure 13 is that the whole wall of steel frame installing plate metope stress system of the present invention strengthens the structural representation of type of attachment from the visual angle in building outside.
Figure 14 is that the whole wall of steel frame installing plate metope stress system of the present invention strengthens the structural representation of type of attachment from the visual angle of building inner side.
Wherein, 26 for laterally strengthening purlin (can be cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, cold bending thin wall square steel pipe, hot rolled H-shaped), 27 for the vertical purlin (can be cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, cold bending thin wall square steel pipe, hot rolled H-shaped), 28 that strengthens is for support bar (can be cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, cold bending thin wall square steel pipe, hot rolled H-shaped), 29 is the 4th junction steel plate, its size: (100-200) × (100-150) × (6-10) mm.
Figure 15 is that steel frame installing plate of the present invention does structural representation in insulation situation.
Figure 16 is that steel frame installing plate of the present invention combines with forms and does structural representation in insulation situation.
Figure 17 is that steel frame installing plate of the present invention combines with forms and do not do structural representation in insulation situation.
Figure 18 be in steel frame installing plate external corner of the present invention with building post be steel column structure schematic diagram.
Figure 19 be in steel frame installing plate external corner of the present invention with building post be concrete column structure schematic diagram.
Figure 20 be in steel frame installing plate inner corner trim of the present invention with building post be steel column structure schematic diagram.
Figure 21 be in steel frame installing plate inner corner trim of the present invention with building post be concrete column structure schematic diagram.
Wherein, 30 is that trim panel, 31 is that interior warming plate, 32 is that plastic-steel window, 33 is that nailing, 34 is channel-section steel outrigger.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the first method of attachment of being connected with roof bearing structure beam of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building roofing upside.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the first method of attachment of being connected with roof bearing structure beam of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building roofing downside.
Figure 24 is the first method of attachment node schematic diagram that steel frame installing plate of the present invention is connected with roof bearing structure beam.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the second method of attachment of being connected with roof bearing structure beam of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building roofing upside.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the second method of attachment of being connected with roof bearing structure beam of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building roofing downside.
Figure 27 is the second method of attachment node schematic diagram that steel frame installing plate of the present invention is connected with roof bearing structure beam.
Wherein, 35 is that roofing heat-insulating layer, 36 is that roof slope making layer, 37 is that roofing leveling layer, 38 is that roof waterproof layer, 39 is roofing secondary beam.
Figure 28 is the structural representation of the third method of attachment of being connected with roof bearing structure beam of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building roofing upside.
Figure 29 is the structural representation of the third method of attachment of being connected with roof bearing structure beam of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building roofing downside.
Figure 30 is that the basic plate of steel frame of the present invention is used in the customizable plate schematic diagram in roofing situation.
Wherein, 35 is that roofing heat-insulating layer, 36 is that roof slope making layer, 37 is that roofing leveling layer, 38 is that roof waterproof layer, 39 is roofing secondary beam.
Figure 31 is the structural representation of the first method of attachment of being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building flooring upside.
Figure 32 is the structural representation of the first method of attachment of being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building flooring downside.
Figure 33 is the first method of attachment node schematic diagram that steel frame installing plate of the present invention is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam.
Figure 34 is the structural representation of the second method of attachment of being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building flooring upside.
Figure 35 is the structural representation of the second method of attachment of being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building flooring downside.
Figure 36 is the second method of attachment node schematic diagram that steel frame installing plate of the present invention is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam.
Figure 37 is the structural representation of the third method of attachment of being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building flooring upside.
Figure 38 is the structural representation of the third method of attachment of being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building flooring downside.
Figure 39 is that the basic plate of steel frame of the present invention is used in the customizable plate schematic diagram in flooring situation.
Wherein, 40 is that flooring leveling layer, 41 is flooring surface layer.
Figure 40 is the structural representation of the first method of attachment of being connected with grid node of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building roofing upside.
Figure 41 is the structural representation of the first method of attachment of being connected with grid node of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building roofing downside.
Figure 42 is the first method of attachment node schematic diagram that steel frame installing plate of the present invention is connected with grid node.
Figure 43 is the structural representation of the second method of attachment of being connected with grid node of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building roofing upside.
Figure 44 is the structural representation of the second method of attachment of being connected with grid node of steel frame installing plate of the present invention from the visual angle of building roofing downside.
Figure 45 is that the basic plate of steel frame of the present invention is used in the customizable plate schematic diagram in rack situation.
Wherein, 42 is that girder on rack, 43 is secondary beam on rack.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1: the basic plate of steel frame in building system of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, be the structural representation of the basic plate of steel frame in building system of the present invention.In figure, be made up of the outside framework of the basic plate of whole steel frame rectangle framework 1, warming plate 3 is embedded in rectangle framework 1, is also provided with the support column 2 that supports rectangle framework 1 upper and lower two long limits in described warming plate 3.On four angles of rectangle framework 1, be respectively arranged with little steel plate 5 boring, square, steel plate 5 is at the side welded nut contacting with warming plate 3, and bolt can be tightened use by boring when installing.And on the basic plate long side direction of steel frame, suspension ring 7 being set, suspension ring 7 are screwed suspension ring 7; Before installation, can screw on, after installation, can back out.
As shown in Figure 2, be the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1; As seen from the figure, what in this illustrated embodiment, rectangle framework 1 adopted is cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, and what support column 2 adopted is angle steel.One side of warming plate 3, its thickness slightly has more the edge of cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, is as the side combining with wall body outer wall face; And the opposite side of warming plate 3 is the sides as the in-built facing being connected with body of wall, post.As can be seen from Figure 2, net 4 is placed in warming plate 3, is advisable, and is set in parallel with the inside and outside both sides of warming plate 3 with the middle part that is positioned at warming plate 3, and size is corresponding with the area of warming plate 3, and net 4 can adopt wire lath 4.From Fig. 2, it can also be seen that, boring, square steel plate 5 also welds together with the part that rectangle framework 1 overlaps, and the opposite side of steel plate 5 is fixed with the first junction steel plate 6 perpendicularly, a side of this first junction steel plate 6 again with angle steel one side of support column 2 by being welded and fixed.The first junction steel plate 6 effects of basic plate are that its Type of Welding makes steel plate 5 be connected with support column 2, if support column 2 is that cold bending thin wall C shaped steel center can be welded to connect with steel plate 5 what occupy that rectangle framework 1 adopts, can cancel the first junction steel plate 6, and directly be welded to connect.
And as shown in Figure 3, be the bight node enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.In this diagram case study on implementation, the rectangle framework 1 of minor face and the top of support column 2 and the second junction steel plate 8 weld; Then, the second junction steel plate 8 again with the internal orifice welding of the C shaped steel of rectangle framework 1, and utilize hush panel 10 solder ups in cold bending thin wall C shaped steel one end of rectangle framework 1; As shown in Figure 2, boring, square steel plate 5 and rectangle framework 1, support column 2, the first junction steel plate 6 are welded finally.
As shown in Figure 4,5, the bight node while being channel-section steel for rectangle receptacle material amplifies and sectional view, in the time that rectangle framework 1 material of the basic plate of formation is channel-section steel, can cancel the second junction steel plate 8, and hush panel 10; As shown in Figure 4,5, utilize that rectangle framework is directly welded to connect, rectangle framework and support column directly weld; In the time that rectangle framework 1 material is channel-section steel, all the other materials are with identical shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2.Because when rectangle framework 1 material is channel-section steel, the wall thickness of channel-section steel can meet directly and is welded to connect, much larger than the wall thickness of cold bending thin wall C shaped steel.Basic plate when rectangle framework 1 material is channel-section steel, the height that is mainly used in building is greater than situation (metope part) more than 24m, because in the time that rectangle framework 1 is selected channel-section steel, the wall thickness of channel-section steel is much larger than the wall thickness of cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, again by after preservative treatment, can stand harsh environment miscellaneous, application life can with building the same life-span, for use safety more favourable; For example: no matter exterior wall finishing in existing highrise building, super highrise building is to select in the scheme such as curtain wall, cladding reason stone, and its cage construction all selects channel-section steel and angle steel as keel, but cost is also higher than cold bending thin wall C shaped steel approximately 1/3.So building system of the present invention is considered this point, according to the height difference of building, and use the different basic plates of material composition steel frame.
Embodiment 2: the modularization assemble combining form of the basic plate of steel frame.
The basic plate plate of modularization can be selected according to industry development, as: the on-gauge plate that the basic plates of several steel frames such as (length × wide × thickness) 5980 × 1480 × 110mm, 5980 × 1180 × 120mm, 2980 × 1480 × 110mm, 2980 × 880 × 120mm are produced as modularization, the basic plate template of modular steel frame is that the most conventional template that relies on market management data accumulation is all the year round (because while installing, consider the installation surplus space of leaving 20-30mm between plate and plate, so the basic plate manufacturing process of steel frame should consider to install surplus space).For example: suppose that building strut is apart from 6000mm, when can selecting 5980 × 1480 × 110mm on-gauge plate to install, can directly select 5980 × 1480 × 110mm on-gauge plate to install; If post is apart from 9000mm, the wide demand 1500mm of plate, needs 5980 × 1480 × 110mm and 2980 × 1480 × 110mm to carry out after assembling combination, is processed into the steel frame installing plate of meet the requirements (8980 × 1480 × 110mm), installs.
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, select the basic plate of two or more than two steel frame, the rectangle framework 1 of the basic plate of steel frame is connected to become to a steel frame installing plate that meets building instructions for use by the form of welding, between the rectangle framework 1 of the basic plate of steel frame, can utilize the thickness adjustment (i.e. two basic plates) of adjusting steel plate 11, make to meet appearance and size, so just complete the assembling combination of the basic plate of steel frame, equally also just having completed the basic plate of steel frame passes through after factory's modularization production, according to the pattern of building demand assembling combination; Can complete assembling combination between the on-gauge plate of the basic plate of steel frame becomes steel frame installing plate, also can complete the on-gauge plate of the basic plate of steel frame and the non-target assembling combination of steel frame becomes steel frame installing plate.All steel frame installing plates of below introducing can become steel frame installing plate by the basic plate assembling combination of steel frame; Also can be that the basic plate gauge lattice of steel frame, size can directly meet building demand, without the finished product of assembling combination, but be referred to as steel frame installing plate.
Embodiment 3: the metope of steel frame installing plate is installed node.
No matter directly make and become the steel frame installing plate that meets building requirements, or the steel frame installing plate being become by the basic plate assembling combination of steel frame by assembling combination form, as the first step of metope application be first by steel frame installing plate with build post (comprising steel column and concrete column) and be connected, this namely reinforcing bar frame plate complete the fabricated first step of metope; Also be that building system of the present invention is directed to existing building technology, for fabricated one large technological break-through, be covered by with build that post is connected, some technical schemes such as seam and anti-" cold bridge " processing, exterior wall finish processing.
As shown in Figure 8, be steel frame installing plate of the present invention and steel column installation bracket schematic diagram, it is the connector for steel frame installing plate and steel column installation that steel column is installed bracket, for support steel frame installing plate.In figure, the mutual vertical welding of cushion cap steel plate 12 of ribs 13 and level, the then weldment with cushion cap steel plate 12 mutual vertical weldings by ribs 13, with steel column 14 vertical weldings, thereby composition steel column is installed bracket.
As shown in Figure 9, be steel frame installing plate of the present invention and concrete column installation bracket schematic diagram, it is the connector for steel frame installing plate and concrete column installation that concrete column is installed bracket, for support steel frame installing plate.In figure, the mutual vertical welding of cushion cap steel plate 12 of ribs 13 and level, then the weldment with horizontal cushion cap steel plate 12 mutual vertical weldings by ribs 13, vertical welding is on the concrete column bracket built-in fitting being made up of pre-embedded steel slab 15 and concrete column 16, thereby composition concrete column is installed bracket.
Above steel column is installed bracket, concrete column is installed two kinds of brackets of bracket and is a part of building post,, for steel frame installing plate, the accessory that condition is provided is installed, the necessary connector of steel frame installing plate in the time installing from steel column, two kinds of different building posts of concrete column, because belonging to and multi-form building post, be below referred to as building post bracket is installed.
As shown in figure 10, the embodiment being connected with building post for steel frame installing plate of the present invention; In figure, steel column 14 or concrete column 16, be fixedly installed some building posts from top to bottom bracket is installed, horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plate 12 connects itself and steel plate 5 and the corner brace 17 of the basic plate of steel frame installing plate for placing, and then respectively corner brace 17 and steel plate 5 and cushion cap steel plate 12 is fixed with bolt.Between upper and lower two steel frame installing plates, leave gap, clearance distance 20-30mm, the built-in polyethylene foamed rod 23 in gap, the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod 23 is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars 19 up and down, reinforcing bar 19 is welded on rectangle framework 1 surrounding outside, reinforcing bar 19 effects are positions of fixing polyethylene foamed rod 23, between the rectangle framework 1 of two steel frame installing plates and wall face, there is the thick 19mm of extruded sheet 25(, high 100-150mm), filling with sealant 24 between extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23, outer wall joint place is to be the portland cement according to 90% by the composite impervious coating of the composite impervious coating 21(cement based of cement based certainly outside to inside, 3% aluminum stearate, 2% silicate of soda, 5% calcium hydroxide, the material with waterproof impervious characteristic of part by weight composition) and the material with waterproof impervious characteristic that formed by cement glass fiber flameproof fabric and clay of glass fiber net cement clay composite bed 22(glass fiber net cement clay composite bed), extruded sheet 25, fluid sealant 24, polyethylene foamed rod 23, and reinforcing bar 19 forms.
Shingle nail according to different facade demands, then is taked different construction technologies after installing and finishing.For example: when external wall elevation is coating, can wall face the more composite impervious coating 21 of overall brushing cement based and glass fiber net cement clay composite bed 22 carry out after overall levelling, then carry out brushing paint; When exterior wall is ceramic tile or reason stone situation, can, after metope installation, joint treatment finish, directly carry out next process construction.
As shown in figure 10, for steel frame installing plate of the present invention and building post the hanging piece corner brace 17, support corner brace 18 embodiment that are connected: in figure, hanging piece corner brace 17, support corner brace 18 be fixedly installed on some building posts from top to bottom the horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plate 12 of brackets be installed, and utilize bolt to connect; Because no matter in concrete column 16 pouring construction processes, or in steel column 14 installation processes, all can there is construction error; So, the horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plate 11 of hanging piece corner brace 17, support corner brace 18 and building post installation bracket utilizes bolted connecting hole to become Long Circle hole at or building post long with plate apart from direction making, and (bore dia is 21.5mm, Kong Changwei 30mm), to meet building post construction error, the construction bringing is constant.Hanging piece corner brace 17 at plate wide or building height direction can open circular hole, but the number of openings will be considered the load weight difference of metope vertical ground, if exterior wall swabbing, the load weight of metope vertical ground is light, can open a circular hole (bore dia is 21.5mm); If exterior wall tile fixing or extension reason stone, the load weight of metope vertical ground will be heavier, may need to open two or more hole by calculating; Also after can utilizing bolt to be connected with boring, square steel plate 5 by hanging piece corner brace 17, then weld to meet the object that can resist weight load requirement.And the corresponding steel plate 5 in steel frame installing plate bight should be consistent with the number of openings of hanging piece corner brace 17, bore position should be consistent, can guarantee to install.
Support corner brace 18 at plate wide or building height direction need to open slotted hole; Because, if support corner brace 18 is wide or building height direction is not out slotted hole at plate, distance between distance between hanging piece corner brace 17, support corner brace 18 and two horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plates 12 of building post installation bracket is consistent so, in the boatswain chair installation process of crane high-altitude, steel frame installing plate, under a kind of floating state, cannot allow hanging piece corner brace 17, support corner brace 18 enter building post and install between two blocks of horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plates 12 of bracket; So, in order to solve this installation difficult problem, support corner brace 18 at plate wide or building height direction open slotted hole, wide or building height direction distance leaves the surplus of 10 ~ 30mm at plate first to utilize slotted hole, two horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plates 12 bracket being installed until steel frame installing plate and building post by hanging piece corner brace 17 and support corner brace 18 installation in position and be connected tight after, the rational position of the slotted hole that natural bolt can be held in support corner brace 18.The large technological break-through that technique prefabricated units are installed is that building system of the present invention is broken through a fabricated key point.
Embodiment 4: the explanation of metope stress system and the necessary node of steel frame installing plate.
In building system of the present invention, no matter another technical breakthrough, be that the basic plate of steel frame is installed, or the steel frame installing plate being become by the basic plate assembling combination of steel frame, in the situation that meeting building enclosure dimensional requirement, can with building post connection.Steel frame installing plate itself does not consider to resist the situation such as wind load and heat-insulating property index, stress system by steel frame installing plate rear side is born, building system of the present invention provides two kinds to strengthen stress system scheme, in the time introducing below, for two kinds of enhancing stress system connected modes that provide are provided, are divided into plate plate and are strengthened type of attachment and whole wall enhancing type of attachment.This technology has solved because the post distance of building is different with span, is subject to the area of load will be different, and the each position member causing varies in size, and could resist the feature of the stressed load situation under different situations; As: post distance and span are large, affected by load just large; Building object height, what eminence wind load will be than lower is large; From different places, wind load is also otherwise same, and there is typhoon in south, and the north just seldom; Some is built as the situation such as market, storehouse, and impact extruded load just easily occurs, and ordinary plant, local-style dwelling houses just can not occur.Therefore, feature of the present invention is just very outstanding, only need to be in contingent area, contingent position is indivedual adjusts, do indivedual adjustment in building inner side simultaneously, do not need because consider indivedual reasons, and entirety causes waste of material, do not change the moulded and design for aesthetic of building yet, can also meet the instructions for use in various situations.Make up again the factor of the poor grade of opposing wind load of the steel frame installing plate of the basic plate composite assembly of modular plant produced steel frame simultaneously.For example: it is some more that market, warehouse may be considered, compare ordinary plant, local-style dwelling houses stress system material just greatly; 30 layers of above wind load are large, and stress system material is just large, and 6 layers of following wind load are little, and stress system material is just less so.Thus, due to steel frame installing plate uniform specification, do not need too thickly, just can save greatly storage area; In transportation, can transport more quantity, thereby reduce cost of transportation.Strengthening stress system can be transported to scene at steel frame installing plate, and with building post connection after, then strengthen stress system construction, enable to meet building instructions for use.On materials'use, due to the processing form of plate seam position, make by needing two Large Steels could meet the metope force requests such as opposing wind load, impact load under normal condition, become and utilize two little shaped steel and a Large Steel acting in conjunction to resist the metope such as ant wind load, impact load force request, thereby can also save to a certain extent material, particularly, in the time that plate length exceedes 6000mm, the saving of material clearly; Especially in the time that the whole wall of plurality of plates composition connects jointly, material is saved more obvious.
As shown in Figure 11 and Figure 12, for steel frame installing plate metope beaer tie-plate plate of the present invention strengthens type of attachment embodiment.In Figure 11, be steel frame installing plate, the situation of the visual angle from building outside after installation in position.In Figure 12, be steel frame installing plate, the situation of the visual angle from building inner side after installation in position.Strengthen purlin and comprise horizontal enhancing purlin 26 and the vertical purlin 27 that strengthens; Wherein, between all plate plates, utilize horizontal enhancing purlin 26 and the 4th junction steel plate 29 to weld, the 4th junction steel plate 29 welds with rectangle framework 1, the 4th junction steel plate 29 spacing are to be advisable between 500-1500mm, and making laterally to strengthen purlin 26 can become the enhancing primary structure member of rectangle framework 1.And, need to consider to adjust the opening direction that laterally strengthens purlin 26 positions and groove, the rectangle framework 1 that laterally strengthens purlin 26 Ying Yumen, window hole place at door, the window's position in same plane position, same opening direction, thereby do not affect door, window is installed; Laterally strengthen purlin 26 consistent with rectangle framework 1 length direction along rectangle framework 1 length direction, be advisable (laterally the square framework 1 of the enhancing every side distance of purlin 26 should not be greater than 250mm) but the total minimizing distance of rectangle framework 1 length direction of comparing in two ends should not be greater than 500mm.The vertical purlin 27 that strengthens is for being less than or equal to the material such as cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, cold bending thin wall steel square tube in horizontal enhancing purlin 26 cross sections, weld mutually with horizontal enhancing purlin 26, can weld mutually along door, window hole short transverse with the rectangle framework at door, window hole place 1, also can not weld; If but door, window hole height is higher, combined by two or polylith steel frame installing plate, need laterally to strengthen purlin 26 and vertically strengthen purlin 27 and be used in conjunction with, and need to consider to adjust the vertical opening direction that strengthens purlin 27 positions and groove, the rectangle framework 1 that vertically strengthens purlin 27 Ying Yumen, window hole place at door, the window's position in same plane position, same opening direction, thereby do not affect door, window install.Support bar 28 and steel frame installing plate are without direct connection relational, be with rectangle framework 1 without direct connection relational, the effect of support bar 28 is for stablizing and laterally strengthen purlin 26 when laterally strengthening when the length direction of purlin 26 is greater than 3000mm, even when laterally strengthen purlin 26 length directions larger apart from time, need to increase by one or more support bar 28, weld mutually with the horizontal purlin 26 that strengthens at the two ends of support bar 28.Should should consider to weld support bar 28 at the two ends that laterally strengthen purlin 26, the effect of same support bar 28 is can make laterally to strengthen purlin 26 to stablize, and support bar 28 is without being connected with the rectangle framework 1 of steel frame installing plate.
As shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, for the whole wall of steel frame installing plate metope stress system of the present invention strengthens type of attachment embodiment.In Figure 13, be steel frame installing plate, the situation of the visual angle from building outside after installation in position.In Figure 14, be steel frame installing plate, the situation of the visual angle from building inner side after installation in position.Wherein, utilize laterally enhancing purlin 26 to weld with junction steel plate 29 on ash wall body plate top and ash wall body plate bottom, the 4th junction steel plate 29 welds with rectangle framework 1, the 4th junction steel plate 29 spacing are to be advisable between 500-1500mm, and making laterally to strengthen purlin 26 can become the enhancing primary structure member of rectangle framework 1.And, according to circumstances laterally strengthen selection between purlin 26 two and whether increase horizontal enhancing purlin 26; Increase and laterally strengthen after purlin 26, be advisable at 3000-4500mm with two distances that laterally strengthen between purlin 26.Wherein, vertically strengthen purlin 27 and laterally strengthen between purlins 26 two, vertically strengthen purlin 27 two ends and weld with laterally strengthening purlin 26, and vertically strengthen purlin 27 and utilize the 4th junction steel plate 29 to weld with the rectangle framework 1 of steel frame installing plate.Should should consider to weld support bar 28 at the two ends that laterally strengthen purlin 26, the effect of support bar 28 is can make laterally to strengthen purlin 26 to stablize, and support bar 28 is without being connected with the rectangle framework 1 of steel frame installing plate.
Embodiment 5: the some other necessary node of metope of steel frame installing plate.
Through embodiment 1-4, the modularization that completes the basic plate of steel frame factory is produced, the basic plate assembling combination of modularization steel frame becomes steel frame installing plate, until on-the-spot by assembling installation body of wall, then make masonry wall structure can meet a basic work flow of building requirements by strengthening stress system.But this is not also the whole all of walling work, also have the processing that needs of a lot of positions, a lot of situations, just the most normal joint form occurring in some engineerings is done to describe here, can meet building requirements.
As shown in figure 15, for building system of the present invention is the embodiment in insulation situation.Wherein, the operating process of steel frame installing plate is with to introduce process in embodiment 3 identical.The metope stress system of steel frame installing plate assembled, with to implement to introduce process in 4 identical.In this figure, need to increase the situation that has insulation demand of building that is aimed at of describing, at inner veneer, 30(comprises: gypsum plank, the interior decorations such as calcium silicate board can be selected plaque) and steel frame installing plate inner side, the vertical purlin 27 that strengthens, laterally strengthening between purlin 26 adopts weight proportion to be according to warming plate 31(warming plate material in the laying of insulation demand: 10% ~ 30% EPS granular polystyrene or perlite, 30% ~ 50% portland cement, and 30% ~ 40% flyash is made), interior warming plate 31 is near steel frame installing plate inner side, can directly paste with steel frame installing plate, finally, at inner veneer 30 inner side brushing paints.
As shown in Figure 16,17, the embodiment combining with forms for the present invention.As seen from the figure, wherein, in case 4, the metope stress system of steel frame installing plate explanation and necessary node have been introduced enhancing purlin, with to introduce process in case 4 identical.Between the rectangle framework 1 of two steel frame installing plates, arrange fenestrate 32, rectangle framework 1 outer wrapping wall face, window 32 upper, under, left, between the wall face of right part and two rectangle frameworks 1, utilize foaming 24 gaps of tamping between window and rectangle framework 1, and outdoor, between indoor metope and rectangle framework 1, be also provided with extruded sheet 25, and after extruded sheet 25 layings finish, utilize the composite impervious coating 21 of glass fiber net cement clay composite bed 22 and cement based to brush, levelling, at window upside, capillary groove or olecranon are set, look for slope at window downside, upper and lower, left and right portion and the rectangle framework 1 of window 32 fix by nailing 33.After all window engineering finishes, utilize glass cement 23 to seal in window upper and lower, left and right portion and the composite impervious coating of cement based 21 junctions.Be with the difference of Figure 16 as seen from Figure 17, its indoor finishing of not doing is processed, and is mostly applied to the industrial construction such as factory building, warehouse, directly carries out interior finishing coating brushing.
As shown in Figure 18,19, be the application of the present invention in side fascia external corner.In Figure 18, steel column 14 adopts cross section to be the steel column 14 of H shape, i.e. the parallel steel column 14 of both sides, and connection steel column 14 therebetween; Two steel frame installing plates are vertical setting mutually, leave 10 ~ 30mm gap at intersection point place, the built-in polyethylene foamed rod 23 in gap, there is the reinforcing bar 19 being connected on rectangle framework 1 surrounding outside polyethylene foamed rod 23 inner sides, arranged outside at two steel frame installing plate vertical connections has extruded sheet 25, filling with sealant 24 between extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23, wall face is to be made up of outer architectural surface 20, the composite impervious coating 21 of cement based and glass fiber net cement clay composite bed 22 certainly outside to inside.In figure, the rectangle framework 1 of the level building post fixing with steel column 14 belows installed bracket and is connected, and the vertical rectangle framework 1 building post fixing with being connected steel column 14 right sides installed bracket and be connected.Be with the difference of Figure 18 as seen from Figure 19, its angle building rod structure is concrete structure, and building post is installed the built-in fitting welding of bracket and concrete construction post 16, and all the other are identical with Figure 18 form.If any insulation demand, separately, according to shown in Figure 15, carry out heat preservation construction.
As shown in Figure 20,21, be the application of the present invention in side fascia inner corner trim.Be with the difference of Figure 18,19 embodiment: extruded sheet 25 is arranged on the interior angle of two orthogonal rectangle frameworks 1, and H steel column 14 was realized by channel-section steel outrigger 34 with being connected of two rectangle frameworks 1; The channel-section steel outrigger 34 of H steel column 14 tops is parallel with the rectangle framework 1 on vertical, and it is connected by building post, bracket to be installed, channel-section steel outrigger 34 in the upper right of the connection steel column 14 of H shaped steel is parallel with level rectangle framework 1 upwards, and it is connected by building post, bracket to be installed.Be with the difference of Figure 20 as seen from Figure 21, its angle building rod structure is concrete structure, and channel-section steel outrigger 34 welds with the built-in fitting of concrete column 16, and all the other are identical with Figure 20 form.If any insulation demand, separately, according to shown in Figure 15, carry out heat preservation construction.
Another feature of the basic template die blocking of steel frame of building system of the present invention, the modular mode that can not only serve as shingle nail system is produced, is installed; And can produce, install for the modular mode of roof board system, floor plate system, network frame plate system.That is to say and can be common to wall system, Roof system, floor system, roofing slab reinforced with net system by a plate by the basic plate of steel frame.Contribution of the present invention, not only succeeds in developing the basic plate of pre-manufactured steel skeleton, and the effect of the basic plate of pre-manufactured steel skeleton and the scope of application have been carried out to deep exploitation.Because range of application is wider, so industrialized process and dynamics are inevitable larger.Below basic plate being applied to Roof system, floor system, roofing slab reinforced with net system makes introductions all round.
Implement 6: roofing installation form I, II and the node of steel frame installing plate.
The roofing installation form I of steel frame installing plate, according to the description of embodiment 2, no matter directly make and become the steel frame installing plate that meets building requirements, or the steel frame installing plate being become by the basic plate assembling combination of steel frame by assembling combination form, not only can be used in metope, and can be used in roofing, the present embodiment has just specifically described steel frame installing plate and how to be used in roofing and to be used in the specific practice of roofing.
First according to building demand, complete the material manufacturing process of steel frame installing plate.Then, the rectangle frame 1 in steel frame installing plate welds by junction steel plate with enhancing purlin.The effect of steel frame installing plate has been roofing enclosure and has born area load effect, strengthening purlin is the conditional request long according to plate, the member of selecting after calculating, the effect that strengthens purlin is the primary structure member main as roofing, bear all roofing loads, mainly solving the amount of deflection problem of steel frame installing plate after stressed, is bending resistance component.
After steel frame installing plate is welded to connect on the ground with enhancing purlin, junction steel plate, handling to roofing rational position and roof girder is welded to connect.Can directly weld if roof girder is girder steel, roof girder is concrete beam, can be in concreting process pre-buried built-in fitting, be then welded to connect with built-in fitting.
Finally, if roofing has insulation demand, can require to select the heat insulating materials such as EPS polyphenyl plate, crowded north plate, perlite to be layed in roofing according to insulation, carry out roof waterproof processing; If without insulation demand, can, after roof joint processing finishes, directly carry out roof waterproof processing.
Also be that building system of the present invention is directed to existing building technology, for fabricated another large technological break-through, be covered by that basic plate is connected with building roof load-carrying members beam, some technical schemes such as seam and roofing processing.
In the roofing installation form I of the roofing installation form II of steel frame installing plate and steel frame installing plate, the unique difference on roofing installation form of steel frame installing plate is: in the roofing installation form I of steel frame installing plate, steel frame installing plate is first after ground is connected with enhancing purlin, at the rational position lifting to roofing, so all need there is enhancing purlin on the both sides of steel frame installing plate; In the roofing installation form II of steel frame installing plate, steel frame installing plate first lifts to rational position, then to plate seam position, utilizes and strengthen purlin by junction steel plate while and the welding of steel frame installing plate frame, other form indistinction.
The advantage of the roofing installation form II of steel frame installing plate is to save steel, but after steel frame installing plate hoisted in position, needs to a certain degree supporting, after waiting for that the welding of enhancing purlin is in place, then supporting is removed; The advantage of the roofing installation form I of same steel frame installing plate is time saving and energy saving.
As shown in figure 22, the first method of attachment being connected with roof bearing structure beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building roofing upside.As shown in figure 23, the first method of attachment being connected with roof bearing structure beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building roofing downside.In figure, for steel frame installing plate first welds the 4th junction steel plate 29(spacing to be advisable between 500-1500mm), on junction steel plate 29, welding laterally strengthens purlin 26 again, make laterally to strengthen purlin 26 and can become the enhancing primary structure member of rectangle framework 1, then, lift again steel frame installing plate, steel frame installing plate is connected with roof bearing structure beam, and welding forms roof panel system.
As shown in figure 24, the first method of attachment node schematic diagram being connected with roof bearing structure beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention.In figure, laterally strengthening purlin 26 is welded on steel frame installing plate, two built-in polyethylene foamed rods 23 in steel frame installing plate gap, the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod 23 is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars 19 up and down, reinforcing bar 19 is welded on rectangle framework 1 surrounding outside, reinforcing bar 19 effects are positions of fixing polyethylene foamed rod 23, between two steel frame installing plate rectangle frameworks 1 and roofing, there is the thick 19mm of extruded sheet 25(, 100-150mm), filling with sealant 24 between extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23, the installation of steel frame installing plate, after joint treatment finishes, can directly carry out the construction of roofing next process.Wherein, on steel frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer structure is to be respectively made up of roofing heat-insulating layer 35, roof slope making layer 36, roofing leveling layer 37, roof waterproof layer 38.
As shown in figure 25, the second method of attachment being connected with roof bearing structure beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building roofing upside.As shown in figure 26, the second method of attachment being connected with roof bearing structure beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building roofing downside.In figure, for being first welded on roof bearing structure beam laterally strengthening purlin 26 installations, laterally strengthen again on purlin 26 and weld the 4th junction steel plate 29(spacing to be advisable between 500-1500mm), on the 4th junction steel plate 29, be welded and fixed steel frame installing plate again, steel frame installing plate is connected with roof bearing structure beam, and welding form roof panel system.
As shown in figure 27, the second method of attachment node schematic diagram being connected with roof bearing structure beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention.In figure, laterally strengthening purlin 26 is welded on steel frame installing plate, two built-in polyethylene foamed rods 23 in steel frame installing plate gap, the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod 23 is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars 19 up and down, reinforcing bar 19 is welded on rectangle framework 1 surrounding outside, reinforcing bar 19 effects are positions of fixing polyethylene foamed rod 23, between two steel frame installing plate rectangle frameworks 1 and roofing, there is extruded sheet 25(19mm, 100-150mm), filling with sealant 24 between extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23, the installation of steel frame installing plate, after joint treatment finishes, can directly carry out the construction of roofing next process.Wherein, on steel frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer structure is to be respectively made up of roofing heat-insulating layer 35, roof slope making layer 36, roofing leveling layer 37, roof waterproof layer 38.
Embodiment 7: roofing installation form III and the node of steel frame installing plate.
As roofing, can on building roof load-carrying members beam, increase secondary beam, steel frame installing plate is connected with building secondary beam, steel frame installing plate without any need for enhancing purlin strengthening measure, being increases according to installing plate that to strengthen purlin load-bearing stressed; The steel frame installing plate that can be also a kind of customization by roof panel, according to the different demands of construction work, and the steel frame installing plate of making different model is roof panel, is according to the long demand of plate and makes customization steel frame installing plate.Certainly, also can, by increasing the frame in steel frame installing plate, as the roofing installation form II of the roofing installation form I of steel frame installing plate, steel frame installing plate, can be laid immediately between building bearing structural beams, and without secondary beam.And can be in the situation that meeting instructions for use, can build part thickness of slab attenuation (thickness is 100 ~ 120mm), can alleviate greatly like this self load weight of roof panel, and can meet structure needs demand, shortcoming as previously mentioned, needs special molding, and can not meet modularization plant produced, but the complexity at building field because of construction work, is also indispensable one and supplements.
As shown in figure 28, the third method of attachment being connected with roof bearing structure beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building roofing upside.As shown in figure 29, the third method of attachment being connected with roof bearing structure beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building roofing downside.In figure, for first load-bearing secondary beam being installed and is welded on roof bearing structure beam, load-bearing time case bay can be definite by the length spacing requirement of basic plate, and then on secondary beam, be directly welded and fixed the basic plate of installation, and need not increase any reinforcement; Other way is afterwards all with first two method.
As shown in figure 30, for the basic plate of steel frame of the present invention is used in the customizable plate schematic diagram in roofing situation.The basic plate being used in roofing situation due to the basic plate of steel frame not only will bear self gravitation, but also will bear the roofing live load of part; Therefore how rationally to alleviate the own wt of basic plate, will effectively increase the ability that the basic plate of steel frame bears roofing live load, therefore the basic plate of steel frame of the present invention is used in roofing situation and can does to improve, reduced the thickness of the basic plate of steel frame, so both alleviated the weight of the basic plate of steel frame, can meet again the load requirement of roof panel, other Structural Tectonics is with the basic plate of steel frame.
Embodiment 8: flooring installation form I, II, III and the node of steel frame installing plate.
Building system of the present invention also has a great technological break-through, be exactly that steel frame installing plate not only can be used on metope, roofing, and can be used on the load-bearing flooring of the every one deck of building, not only this plate will bear himself weight, and to bear relatively large load-bearing load, present case has just specifically been illustrated basic plate and how to be used in flooring and to be used in some specific practices of flooring.
The flooring installation form I of steel frame installing plate, II, the roofing installation form I of steel frame installing plate in III and case 6, in II and embodiment 7, the corresponding structure installation form of roofing installation form III of steel frame installing plate is almost consistent, difference is: no matter by the assembled steel frame installing plate of making of the basic plate of steel frame, or the support column 2 in the basic plate of direct applied steel frame may be all closeer than the basic plate of normal steel frame, because the load of flooring is more much bigger than roofing load and metope load, so selecting the prerequisite of basic plate is by experiment, can meet the basic plate of load weight demand steel frame as floor plate, the processing mode of flooring and roofing are also inconsistent in addition, flooring surface layer is processed does not need to look for the working procedures such as slope processing, waterproofing work, but flooring surface layer need to carry out the cure process working procedure of surface layer, if certainly lay the Decorating Projects such as floor tile, floor, reason stone on flooring, also can not make flooring cure process, complete after floor plate in laying, carry out joint treatment, then directly carry out Decorating Project.
As shown in figure 31, the first method of attachment being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building flooring upside.Shown in figure 32, the first method of attachment being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building flooring downside.In figure, for steel frame installing plate first welds the 4th junction steel plate 29(spacing to be advisable between 500-1500mm), on the 4th junction steel plate 29, welding laterally strengthens purlin 26, make laterally to strengthen purlin 26 and can become the enhancing primary structure member of rectangle framework 1, then, lift again steel frame installing plate, steel frame installing plate is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam, and welding forms floor plate system.
As shown in figure 33, the first method of attachment node schematic diagram being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention.In figure, laterally strengthening purlin 26 is welded on steel frame installing plate, two built-in polyethylene foamed rods 23 in steel frame installing plate gap, the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod 23 is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars 19 up and down, reinforcing bar 19 is welded on rectangle framework 1 surrounding outside, reinforcing bar 19 effects are positions of fixing polyethylene foamed rod 23, between two steel frame installing plate rectangle frameworks 1 and flooring, there is the thick 19mm of extruded sheet 25(, 100-150mm), filling with sealant 24 between extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23, the installation of steel frame installing plate, after joint treatment finishes, can directly carry out the construction of flooring next process.Wherein, on steel frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer is to be respectively made up of flooring leveling layer 40, flooring surface layer 41.
As shown in figure 34, the second method of attachment being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building flooring upside.As shown in figure 35, the second method of attachment being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building flooring downside.In figure, for being first welded on flooring load-carrying members beam laterally strengthening purlin 26 installations, laterally strengthen again on purlin 26 and weld the 4th junction steel plate 29(spacing to be advisable between 500-1500mm), on the 4th junction steel plate 29, be welded and fixed steel frame installing plate again, steel frame installing plate is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam, and welding form floor plate system.
As shown in figure 36, the second method of attachment node schematic diagram being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention.In figure, laterally strengthening purlin 26 is welded on steel frame installing plate, two built-in polyethylene foamed rods 23 in steel frame installing plate gap, the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod 23 is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars 19 up and down, reinforcing bar 19 is welded on rectangle framework 1 surrounding outside, reinforcing bar 19 effects are positions of fixing polyethylene foamed rod 23, between two steel frame installing plate rectangle frameworks 1 and flooring, there is the thick 19mm of extruded sheet 25(, 100-150mm), filling with sealant 24 between extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23, the installation of steel frame installing plate, after joint treatment finishes, can directly carry out the construction of flooring next process.Wherein, on steel frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer is to be respectively made up of flooring leveling layer 40, flooring surface layer 41.
As shown in figure 37, the third method of attachment being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building flooring upside.As shown in figure 38, the third method of attachment being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building flooring downside.In figure, for first load-bearing secondary beam being installed and is welded on flooring load-carrying members beam, load-bearing time case bay can be determined by the length spacing requirement of steel frame installing plate, then on secondary beam, directly be welded and fixed steel frame installing plate is installed, and need not increase any reinforcement; Other way is afterwards all with first two method.
As shown in figure 38, for the basic plate of steel frame of the present invention is used in the customizable plate schematic diagram in flooring situation.The basic plate of steel frame being used in flooring situation due to the basic plate of steel frame not only will bear self gravitation, but also to bear the Live Loads on Floors in Buildings of part, so how rationally to alleviate the own wt of the basic plate of steel frame, will effectively increase the ability that the basic plate of steel frame bears Live Loads on Floors in Buildings, therefore the basic plate of steel frame of the present invention is used in flooring situation and does to improve, reduced the thickness of the basic plate of steel frame, so, the weight that has alleviated the basic plate of steel frame can meet again the load requirement of floor plate, and other Structural Tectonics is with the basic plate of steel frame.
Implement 9: the rack of steel frame installing plate is installed and node.
As previously mentioned, building system pattern of the present invention can solve network frame plate system, is also an innovation greatly, can thoroughly solve the transportation difficulty difficult problem of network frame plate and modularization plant produced, fabricated construction installation question in the present invention.No matter directly make and become the steel frame installing plate that meets building requirements, or the steel frame installing plate being become by the basic plate assembling combination of steel frame by assembling combination form, be used in and on roofing, also have a kind of form, be used in exactly on rack, the present embodiment has just specifically described the basic plate of steel frame and how to be used in some specific practices on rack; As what apply on rack, the present invention has two kinds of methods, and first method is: first steel frame installing plate is connected on the ground to an integral slab that network frame plate grid is required, and then integral hoisting, and be connected with grid node; Second method is: first the required primary-secondary beam of basic plate is installed on grid node, is then lifted and install the basic plate of steel frame.Just specifically describe that two kinds of basic plates of mounting method steel frame are connected with rack primary-secondary beam below, some technical schemes such as seam and roofing processing.
As shown in figure 40, the first method of attachment being connected with grid node for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building roofing upside.As shown in figure 41, the first method of attachment being connected with grid node for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building roofing downside.In figure, first steel frame installing plate is connected on the ground to an integral slab that network frame plate grid is required, then integral hoisting, and be connected with grid node; Concrete grammar is: first according to the situation of the required steel frame installing plate of network frame plate grid, on the ground, steel frame installing plate is first welded to the 4th junction steel plate 29(spacing to be advisable between 500-1500mm), on the 4th junction steel plate 29, welding laterally strengthens purlin 26 again, making laterally to strengthen purlin 26 can become the enhancing primary structure member of rectangle framework 1, becomes an integral slab that network frame plate grid is required; Then, integrate this piece integral slab, integral slab is connected with grid node, and welding forms network frame plate system.
As shown in figure 42, the first method of attachment node schematic diagram being connected with grid node for steel frame installing plate of the present invention.In figure, laterally strengthening purlin 26 is welded on steel frame installing plate, two built-in polyethylene foamed rods 23 in steel frame installing plate gap, the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod 23 is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars 19 up and down, reinforcing bar 19 is welded on rectangle framework 1 surrounding outside, reinforcing bar 19 effects are positions of fixing polyethylene foamed rod 23, between two steel frame installing plate rectangle frameworks 1 and roofing, there is the thick 19mm of thick extruded sheet 25(, 100mm-150mm), filling with sealant 24 between thick extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23, the installation of steel frame installing plate, after joint treatment finishes, can directly carry out the construction of roofing next process.Wherein, on steel frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer structure is to be respectively made up of roofing heat-insulating layer 35, roof slope making layer 36, roofing leveling layer 37, roof waterproof layer 38.
As shown in figure 43, the second method of attachment being connected with grid node for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building roofing upside.As shown in figure 44, the second method of attachment being connected with grid node for steel frame installing plate of the present invention is from the structural representation of the visual angle of building roofing downside.In figure, first the required load-bearing primary-secondary beam of steel frame installing plate is installed on grid node, then steel frame installing plate is installed on primary-secondary beam, and then on primary-secondary beam, be directly welded and fixed the basic plate of installation, and need not increase any reinforcement; All same first methods of other way afterwards.
As shown in figure 45, for the basic plate of steel frame of the present invention is used in the customizable plate schematic diagram in rack situation.The basic plate of steel frame being used in rack situation due to the basic plate of steel frame not only will bear self gravitation, but also to bear roofing live load partly, therefore how rationally to alleviate the own wt of the basic plate of steel frame, will effectively increase the ability that the basic plate of steel frame bears roofing live load, therefore the basic plate of steel frame of the present invention is used in rack situation and does to improve, reduced the thickness of the basic plate of steel frame, so, the weight that has alleviated the basic plate of steel frame can meet again the load requirement of network frame plate, and other Structural Tectonics is with the basic plate of steel frame.

Claims (7)

1. the basic plate of steel frame of a novel assembling, modular architectural system, the basic plate of described steel frame is rectangle framework (1), its structural feature is: rectangle framework (1) built-in heat insulation plate (3), in described warming plate (3), be provided with vertically the support column (2) being parallel to each other between two long limits of rectangle framework (1), in warming plate (3), be also provided with and the corresponding net of its area (4); Four angles of rectangle framework (1) one side and the junction of warming plate (3) are provided with steel plate (5); Can on the long limit of two of described rectangle framework (1), suspension ring (7) be set respectively; Described suspension ring (7) and rectangle framework (1) are threaded connection, and the each long limit of rectangle framework (1) can arrange two suspension ring (7), lay respectively at first and the 3rd support column (2) locate.
2. the basic plate of steel frame as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described warming plate (3) adopts proportioning to be: 10% ~ 30% EPS granular polystyrene or perlite, 30% ~ 50% portland cement, and 30% ~ 40% flyash is made.
3. the basic plate of steel frame as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: in warming plate (3), arrange one with orthogonal the first junction steel plate of steel plate (5) (6), one side of this first junction steel plate (6) is corresponding with a side of support column (2), and by welding, the first junction steel plate (6) and support column (2) are fixed, and steel plate (5) also adopts and is welded and fixed with the junction of (1) four angle of rectangle framework and warming plate (3).
4. the basic plate of steel frame as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rectangle framework (1) can adopt cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, channel-section steel or cold bending thin wall square steel pipe, and described support column (2) can adopt angle steel or cold bending thin wall square steel pipe.
5. the basic plate of steel frame as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described rectangle framework (1) length is 6000 ~ 9000mm, and wide is 900 ~ 1800mm, thickness is 100 ~ 300mm, rectangle framework (1) if cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, it is of a size of: C80 ~ C300, thickness is 2.5 ~ 3mm; Rectangle framework (1) if channel-section steel, it is of a size of: [8 ~ [25; Rectangle framework (1) if cold bending thin wall square steel pipe, it is of a size of: 80 ~ 250, thickness is 2.5 ~ 3mm; Support column (2) if angle steel, it is of a size of: ∠ 30 ~ ∠ 50, thickness is 3 ~ 5mm; Support column (2) if cold bending thin wall square steel pipe, it is of a size of: 30 ~ 50, thickness is 3 ~ 5mm; The thickness of steel plate (5) is 10 ~ 20mm, and long and wide is 90 ~ 250mm; The thickness that described warming plate (3) does not have a side of steel plate (5) to expose rectangle framework (1) is 20 ~ 50mm.
6. novel assembling, a modular architectural system, is characterized in that: comprise the shingle nail system, roof panel system, the network frame plate system that are formed by the basic plate of steel frame, and floor system.
7. a construction method for novel assembling, modular architectural system, is characterized in that:
(1) making of the basic plate of steel frame:
Be made up of the outside framework of the basic plate of whole steel frame rectangle framework (1), warming plate (3) is embedded in rectangle framework (1), is also provided with the support column (2) that supports rectangle framework (1) upper and lower two long limits in described warming plate (3); On four angles of rectangle framework (1), be respectively arranged with steel plate boring, square (5), steel plate (5) is at the side welded nut contacting with warming plate (3), and bolt can be tightened use by boring when installing; And on the basic plate long side direction of steel frame, suspension ring (7) being set, suspension ring (7) are screwed suspension ring (7); Before installation, can screw on, after installation, can back out;
One side of warming plate (3), its thickness slightly has more the edge of cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, is as the side combining with wall body outer wall face; And the opposite side of warming plate (3) is the side as the in-built facing being connected with body of wall, post; Net (4) is placed in warming plate (3), is advisable, and is set in parallel with the inside and outside both sides of warming plate (3) with the middle part that is positioned at warming plate (3), and size is corresponding with the area of warming plate (3), and net (4) adopts wire lath (4); Boring, square steel plate (5) also welds together with the part that rectangle framework (1) overlaps, and the opposite side of steel plate (5) is fixed with the first junction steel plate (6) perpendicularly, a side of this first junction steel plate (6) again with a side of support column (2) by being welded and fixed; The rectangle framework (1) of minor face and the top of support column (2) and the second junction steel plate (8) welding; Then, the second junction steel plate (8) again with the internal orifice welding of the C shaped steel of rectangle framework (1), and utilize hush panel (10) solder up at the cold junction of rectangle framework (1); Finally, by boring, square steel plate (5) and rectangle framework (1), support column (2), the first junction steel plate (6) welding; Weld with the first junction steel plate (6) respectively on the top of support column (2); Then, the first junction steel plate (6) again with the internal orifice welding of the cold bending thin wall C shaped steel of rectangle framework (1);
(2) the modularization assemble combining form of the basic plate of steel frame:
Select the basic plate of two or more than two steel frame, the rectangle framework (1) of the basic plate of steel frame is connected to become to a steel frame installing plate that meets building instructions for use by the form of welding, between the rectangle framework (1) of the basic plate of steel frame, can utilize the thickness adjustment of adjusting steel plate (11), make to meet appearance and size, so just completed the assembling combination of the basic plate of steel frame;
(3) metope of steel frame installing plate is installed:
The first step is first steel frame installing plate to be connected with building post, this namely reinforcing bar frame plate complete the fabricated first step of metope, be divided into and be connected with steel column and be connected with concrete column by the type of building post;
It is the connector for steel frame installing plate and steel column installation that steel column is installed bracket, for support steel frame installing plate, the cushion cap steel plate (12) of ribs (13) and level is vertical welding mutually, then by ribs (13) and cushion cap steel plate (12) weldment of vertical welding mutually, with steel column (14) vertical welding, thereby composition steel column is installed bracket; It is the connector for steel frame installing plate and concrete column installation that concrete column is installed bracket, for support steel frame installing plate, the cushion cap steel plate (12) of ribs (13) and level is vertical welding mutually, then by ribs (13) and horizontal cushion cap steel plate (12) weldment of vertical welding mutually, vertical welding is on the concrete column bracket built-in fitting being made up of pre-embedded steel slab (15) and concrete column (16), thereby composition concrete column is installed bracket;
On steel column (14) or concrete column (16), be fixedly installed some building posts from top to bottom bracket is installed, horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plate (12) connects itself and steel plate (5) and the corner brace (17) of the basic plate of steel frame installing plate for placing, and then respectively corner brace (17) and steel plate (5) and cushion cap steel plate (12) is fixed with bolt, between upper and lower two steel frame installing plates, leave gap, clearance distance 20-30mm, the built-in polyethylene foamed rod in gap (23), the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod (23) is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars (19) up and down, reinforcing bar (19) is welded on rectangle framework (1) surrounding outside, between the rectangle framework (1) of two steel frame installing plates and wall face, there is extruded sheet (25) (thick 19mm, high 100-150mm), between extruded sheet (25) and polyethylene foamed rod (23), fill poly-fluid sealant (24), outer wall joint place is that (the composite impervious coating of cement based is the portland cement according to 90% by the composite impervious coating of cement based (21) certainly outside to inside, 3% aluminum stearate, 2% silicate of soda, 5% calcium hydroxide, the material with waterproof impervious characteristic of part by weight composition) and glass fiber net cement clay composite bed (22) (material with waterproof impervious characteristic that glass fiber net cement clay composite bed is made up of cement glass fiber flameproof fabric and clay), extruded sheet (25), polyethylene foamed rod (23), polyethylene foamed rod (23), and reinforcing bar (19) forms,
Hanging piece corner brace (17), support corner brace (18) be fixedly installed on some building posts from top to bottom the horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plate (12) of brackets be installed, and utilize bolt to connect; Hanging piece corner brace (17), support corner brace (18) utilize bolted connecting hole to make and become Long Circle hole apart from direction at or building post long with plate with the horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plate (11) that building post is installed bracket, bore dia is 21.5mm, Kong Changwei 30mm; Hanging piece corner brace (17) at plate wide or building height direction open circular hole; And the corresponding steel plate (5) in steel frame installing plate bight should be consistent with the number of openings of hanging piece corner brace (17), bore position should be consistent; Support corner brace (18) at plate wide or building height direction need to open slotted hole; Wide or building height direction distance leaves the surplus of 10 ~ 30mm at plate first to utilize slotted hole, two horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plates (12) of bracket being installed until steel frame installing plate and building post by hanging piece corner brace (17) and support corner brace (18) installation in position and be connected tight after, the rational position of the slotted hole that natural bolt can be held in support corner brace (18);
(4) the metope stress system of steel frame installing plate:
Be divided into plate plate and strengthen type of attachment and whole wall enhancing type of attachment; Strengthen purlin and comprise horizontal enhancing purlin (26) and the vertical purlin (27) that strengthens;
Plate plate strengthens in type of attachment, between all plate plates, utilize and laterally strengthen purlin (26) and the 4th junction steel plate (29) welding, the 4th junction steel plate (29) and rectangle framework (1) welding, the 4th junction steel plate (29) spacing is between 500-1500mm; And, need to consider to adjust the opening direction that laterally strengthens purlin (26) position and groove, the rectangle framework (1) that laterally strengthens purlin (26) Ying Yumen, window hole place at door, the window's position in same plane position, same opening direction, with do not affect door, window install; Laterally strengthen purlin (26) consistent with rectangle framework (1) length direction along rectangle framework (1) length direction, be advisable but the total minimizing distance of rectangle framework (1) length direction of comparing in two ends should not be greater than 500mm, laterally strengthen purlin (26) the square framework of every side distance (1) and should not be greater than 250mm; The vertical purlin (27) that strengthens is for being less than or equal to cold bending thin wall C shaped steel, the cold bending thin wall steel square tube in horizontal enhancing purlin (26) cross section, weld mutually with horizontal enhancing purlin (26), weld mutually along door, window hole short transverse with the rectangle framework (1) at door, window hole place; Support bar (28) and steel frame installing plate rectangle framework (1) without direct connection relational, weld mutually with laterally strengthening purlin (26) at the two ends of support bar (28), and weld support bars (28) at the horizontal two ends of enhancing purlin (26);
Whole wall strengthens in type of attachment, utilize laterally enhancing purlin (26) and junction steel plate (29) welding on ash wall body plate top and ash wall body plate bottom, the 4th junction steel plate (29) and rectangle framework (1) welding, the 4th junction steel plate (29) spacing is between 500-1500mm; And, according to circumstances laterally strengthen selection between purlin (26) two and whether increase horizontal enhancing purlin (26); Laterally strengthen after purlin (26) if increase, laterally strengthen distance between purlins (26) at 3000-4500mm with two; Wherein, the vertical purlin (27) that strengthens laterally strengthens between purlin (26) two, vertical strengthen purlin (27) two ends and laterally strengthen purlin (26) welding, and vertically strengthening purlin (27) and utilize the 4th junction steel plate (29) welding with the rectangle framework (1) of steel frame installing plate; At the two ends welding support bars (28) that laterally strengthen purlin (26), support bar (28) is without being connected with the rectangle framework (1) of steel frame installing plate;
(5) other nodes of the metope of steel frame installing plate:
Being directed to building has the situation of insulation demand, in inner veneer (30) (comprising: the interior decorations such as gypsum plank, calcium silicate board can be selected plaque) and steel frame installing plate inner side, vertical strengthen purlin (27), laterally strengthen between purlin (26), lay in warming plate (31) (warming plate material adopts weight proportion to be: 10% ~ 30% EPS granular polystyrene or perlite, 30% ~ 50% portland cement, and 30% ~ 40% flyash is made), interior warming plate (31), near steel frame installing plate inner side, can directly be pasted with steel frame installing plate; Finally, at inner veneer (30) inner side brushing paint;
Situation about combining with forms, between the rectangle framework (1) of two steel frame installing plates, fenestrate (32) are set, rectangle framework (1) outer wrapping wall face, window (32) upper, under, left, between the wall face of right part and two rectangle frameworks (1), utilize foaming (24) to tamp the gap between window and rectangle framework (1), and outdoor, between indoor metope and rectangle framework (1), be also provided with extruded sheet (25), and after extruded sheet (25) laying finishes, utilize glass fiber net cement clay composite bed (22) and the composite impervious coating of cement based (21) brushing, levelling, at window upside, capillary groove or olecranon are set, look for slope at window downside, the upper and lower, left and right portion of window (32) and rectangle framework (1) fix by nailing (33), after all window engineering finishes, utilize glass cement (23) sealing in window upper and lower, left and right portion and the composite impervious coating of cement based (21) junction,
Application in side fascia external corner, steel column (14) adopts cross section to be the steel column (14) of H shape, i.e. the parallel steel column (14) of both sides, and connection steel column (14) therebetween; Two steel frame installing plates are vertical setting mutually, leave 10 ~ 30mm gap at intersection point place, the built-in polyethylene foamed rod in gap (23), there is the reinforcing bar (19) being connected on rectangle framework (1) surrounding outside polyethylene foamed rod (23) inner side, there is extruded sheet (25) in the arranged outside of two steel frame installing plate vertical connections, filling with sealant (24) between extruded sheet (25) and polyethylene foamed rod (23), wall face is to be made up of outer architectural surface (20), the composite impervious coating of cement based (21) and glass fiber net cement clay composite bed (22) certainly outside to inside; The rectangle framework (1) of the level building post fixing with steel column (14) below installed bracket and is connected, and vertical rectangle framework (1) the building post fixing with being connected steel column (14) right side installed bracket and be connected;
Application in side fascia inner corner trim, extruded sheet (25) is arranged on the interior angle of two orthogonal rectangle frameworks (1), and H steel column (14) was realized by channel-section steel outrigger (34) with being connected of two rectangle frameworks (1); The channel-section steel outrigger (34) of H steel column (14) top is parallel with the rectangle framework (1) on vertical, and it is connected by building post, bracket to be installed, channel-section steel outrigger (34) in the upper right of the connection steel column (14) of H shaped steel is parallel with level rectangle framework (1) upwards, and it is connected by building post, bracket to be installed;
(6) roofing installation form I, II, the III of steel frame installing plate:
The roofing installation form I of steel frame installing plate, steel frame installing plate first welds the 4th junction steel plate (29) spacing between 500-1500mm, laterally strengthen purlin (26) in the upper welding of junction steel plate (29), then, lift again steel frame installing plate, steel frame installing plate is connected with roof bearing structure beam, and welding form roof panel system, laterally strengthening purlin (26) is welded on steel frame installing plate, two built-in polyethylene foamed rods in steel frame installing plate gap (23), the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod (23) is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars (19) up and down, reinforcing bar (19) is welded on rectangle framework (1) surrounding outside, between two steel frame installing plate rectangle frameworks (1) and roofing, there is extruded sheet (25), between extruded sheet (25) and polyethylene foamed rod (23), fill poly-fluid sealant (24), the installation of steel frame installing plate, after joint treatment finishes, can directly carry out the construction of roofing next process, on steel frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer structure is to be respectively made up of roofing heat-insulating layer (35), roof slope making layer (36), roofing leveling layer (37), roof waterproof layer (38),
The roofing installation form II of steel frame installing plate, first be welded on roof bearing structure beam laterally strengthening purlin (26) installation, laterally strengthening the upper welding of purlin (26) the 4th junction steel plate (29), spacing is between 500-1500mm, on the 4th junction steel plate (29), be welded and fixed steel frame installing plate, steel frame installing plate is connected with roof bearing structure beam, and welding form roof panel system, laterally strengthening purlin (26) is welded on steel frame installing plate, two built-in polyethylene foamed rods in steel frame installing plate gap (23), the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod (23) is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars (19) up and down, reinforcing bar (19) is welded on rectangle framework (1) surrounding outside, between two steel frame installing plate rectangle frameworks (1) and roofing, there is extruded sheet (25), filling with sealant (24) between extruded sheet (25) and polyethylene foamed rod (23), the installation of steel frame installing plate, after joint treatment finishes, can directly carry out the construction of roofing next process, on steel frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer structure is to be respectively made up of roofing heat-insulating layer (35), roof slope making layer (36), roofing leveling layer (37), roof waterproof layer (38),
The roofing installation form III of steel frame installing plate, for first load-bearing secondary beam being installed and is welded on roof bearing structure beam, load-bearing time case bay can be determined by the length spacing requirement of basic plate, then on secondary beam, be directly welded and fixed basic plate is installed, and need not increase any reinforcement, other way is afterwards all with first two method: installation form I and installation form II; And reduced the thickness of the basic plate of steel frame, and thickness is 100 ~ 120mm, other Structural Tectonics is with the basic plate of steel frame;
(7) flooring installation form I, II, the III of steel frame installing plate:
The flooring installation form I of steel frame installing plate, steel frame installing plate first welds the 4th junction steel plate (29), spacing is between 500-1500mm, laterally strengthen purlin (26) in the upper welding of the 4th junction steel plate (29), then, lift again steel frame installing plate, steel frame installing plate is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam, and welding forms floor plate system, laterally strengthening purlin (26) is welded on steel frame installing plate, two built-in polyethylene foamed rods in steel frame installing plate gap (23), the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod (23) is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars (19) up and down, reinforcing bar (19) is welded on rectangle framework (1) surrounding outside, between two steel frame installing plate rectangle frameworks (1) and flooring, there is extruded sheet (25), between extruded sheet (25) and polyethylene foamed rod (23), fill poly-fluid sealant (24), the installation of steel frame installing plate, after joint treatment finishes, can directly carry out the construction of flooring next process, on steel frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer is to be respectively made up of flooring leveling layer (40), flooring surface layer (41),
The flooring installation form II of steel frame installing plate, for being first welded on flooring load-carrying members beam laterally strengthening purlin (26) installation, laterally strengthening the upper welding of purlin (26) the 4th junction steel plate (29), spacing is between 500-1500mm, on the 4th junction steel plate (29), be welded and fixed steel frame installing plate, steel frame installing plate is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam, and welding form floor plate system, laterally strengthening purlin (26) is welded on steel frame installing plate, two built-in polyethylene foamed rods in steel frame installing plate gap (23), the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod (23) is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars (19) up and down, reinforcing bar (19) is welded on rectangle framework (1) surrounding outside, between two steel frame installing plate rectangle frameworks (1) and flooring, there is extruded sheet (25), between extruded sheet (25) and polyethylene foamed rod (23), fill poly-fluid sealant (24), the installation of steel frame installing plate, after joint treatment finishes, can directly carry out the construction of flooring next process, on steel frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer is to be respectively made up of flooring leveling layer (40), flooring surface layer (41),
The flooring installation form III of steel frame installing plate, first load-bearing secondary beam is installed and is welded on flooring load-carrying members beam, load-bearing time case bay can be determined by the length spacing requirement of steel frame installing plate, then on secondary beam, be directly welded and fixed steel frame installing plate is installed, and need not increase any reinforcement; Other way is afterwards all with first two method; And reduced the thickness of the basic plate of steel frame, and thickness is 100 ~ 120mm, other Structural Tectonics is with the basic plate of steel frame;
(8) rack of steel frame installing plate is installed:
The first method of attachment, first connects into steel frame installing plate an integral slab that network frame plate grid is required on the ground, then integral hoisting, and be connected with grid node, particularly: first according to the situation of the required steel frame installing plate of network frame plate grid, on the ground, steel frame installing plate is first welded to the 4th junction steel plate (29), spacing is between 500-1500mm, laterally strengthen purlin (26) in the upper welding of the 4th junction steel plate (29), making laterally to strengthen purlin (26) can become the enhancing primary structure member of rectangle framework (1), becomes an integral slab that network frame plate grid is required, then, integrate this piece integral slab, integral slab is connected with grid node, and welding forms network frame plate system, laterally strengthening purlin (26) is welded on steel frame installing plate, two built-in polyethylene foamed rods in steel frame installing plate gap (23), the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod (23) is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars (19) up and down, reinforcing bar (19) is welded on rectangle framework (1) surrounding outside, between two steel frame installing plate rectangle frameworks (1) and roofing, there is thick extruded sheet (25), between thick extruded sheet (25) and polyethylene foamed rod (23), fill poly-fluid sealant (24), the installation of steel frame installing plate, after joint treatment finishes, can directly carry out the construction of roofing next process, on steel frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer structure is to be respectively made up of roofing heat-insulating layer (35), roof slope making layer (36), roofing leveling layer (37), roof waterproof layer (38),
The second method of attachment is first installed the required load-bearing primary-secondary beam of steel frame installing plate, then steel frame installing plate is installed on primary-secondary beam on grid node, then on primary-secondary beam, is directly welded and fixed basic plate is installed, and need not increase any reinforcement; Other way is afterwards all with first method and reduced the thickness of the basic plate of steel frame, and thickness is 100 ~ 120mm, and other Structural Tectonics is with the basic plate of steel frame.
CN201410077374.3A 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 A kind of assembled, modular architectural system Expired - Fee Related CN103821276B (en)

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CN105863110A (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-08-17 北京工业大学 Modular assembling type cold-bent thin-wall type steel wall board structural system
CN105888102A (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-08-24 北京工业大学 Modular assembly type L-shaped cold-formed thin-walled steel combined wall and connecting mode thereof
CN106004629A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-10-12 山东亿佳美集成房屋科技有限公司 Pull type ecological touring car
CN106088431A (en) * 2016-08-05 2016-11-09 唐山曹妃甸二十二冶工程技术有限公司 Laminated floor slab and laminated floor slab construction method for hanging
CN106088627A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 苏州华鼎建筑装饰工程有限公司 Body of wall method to set up
CN106088398A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-11-09 陶忠 A kind of combined wall board
CN106284738A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 沈阳建筑大学 Air entrained concrete board for wood frame and corner method of attachment thereof
WO2019114177A1 (en) * 2017-12-15 2019-06-20 江苏跃发建设工程有限公司 Flame-retardant heat-preservation structure of light steel framework
CN111101648A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-05-05 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Embedded structure function integrated plate and mounting method thereof

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CN104963409A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-10-07 北新集团建材股份有限公司 Building main structure and construction method thereof
CN104963409B (en) * 2014-12-05 2017-11-03 北新集团建材股份有限公司 A kind of main house body structure and its construction method
CN105863110B (en) * 2016-04-14 2018-02-09 北京工业大学 A kind of modular assembly formula light gauge cold-formed steel shape wallboard structural system
CN105888102B (en) * 2016-04-14 2018-03-13 北京工业大学 A kind of modular assembly formula L-shaped light gauge cold-formed steel shape assembled wall and its connected mode
CN105863110A (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-08-17 北京工业大学 Modular assembling type cold-bent thin-wall type steel wall board structural system
CN105888102A (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-08-24 北京工业大学 Modular assembly type L-shaped cold-formed thin-walled steel combined wall and connecting mode thereof
CN106088627A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 苏州华鼎建筑装饰工程有限公司 Body of wall method to set up
CN106004629B (en) * 2016-07-01 2019-06-28 山东亿佳美集成房屋科技有限公司 Pulling type ecology caravan
CN106004629A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-10-12 山东亿佳美集成房屋科技有限公司 Pull type ecological touring car
CN106088431A (en) * 2016-08-05 2016-11-09 唐山曹妃甸二十二冶工程技术有限公司 Laminated floor slab and laminated floor slab construction method for hanging
CN106088398A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-11-09 陶忠 A kind of combined wall board
CN106284738A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 沈阳建筑大学 Air entrained concrete board for wood frame and corner method of attachment thereof
CN106284738B (en) * 2016-08-17 2018-12-07 沈阳建筑大学 Air entrained concrete board for wood frame and its corner connection method
WO2019114177A1 (en) * 2017-12-15 2019-06-20 江苏跃发建设工程有限公司 Flame-retardant heat-preservation structure of light steel framework
CN111101648A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-05-05 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Embedded structure function integrated plate and mounting method thereof

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