CN103821181A - Basement bottom plate water drainage layer construction method - Google Patents

Basement bottom plate water drainage layer construction method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103821181A
CN103821181A CN201410076898.0A CN201410076898A CN103821181A CN 103821181 A CN103821181 A CN 103821181A CN 201410076898 A CN201410076898 A CN 201410076898A CN 103821181 A CN103821181 A CN 103821181A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
basement
layer
drainage blanket
concrete
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410076898.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢永章
廖小军
陆建飞
赵鸣
斯勇
徐晓忠
陈志远
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhongtian Construction Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhongtian Construction Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhongtian Construction Group Co Ltd filed Critical Zhongtian Construction Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410076898.0A priority Critical patent/CN103821181A/en
Publication of CN103821181A publication Critical patent/CN103821181A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a basement bottom plate water drainage layer construction method. According to the method, a grait layer is paved at the basement bottom layer part, the self discharge function of the grait layer is utilized for realizing the water drainage, the traditional single water blocking mode is broken, water seeped from the outer wall and the bottom plate of the basement is firstly gathered to an anti-seeping wall water drainage ditch and is then gathered to a water collecting well through entering the water drainage layer to flow freely, and finally, the water is pumped and discharged into a municipal pipe network through an automatic water discharge pump. The water drainage layer is used as an isolation layer between the bottom plate structure and a decoration surface layer, seeped water can be effectively guided out, the dryness of the use surface layer is maintained, a good water drainage effect is reached, and the common quality problem of the basement outer wall and bottom plate seepage is effectively solved.

Description

Basement bottom board drainage blanket construction
Technical field
The present invention relates to the construction of basement bottom board drainage blanket.
Background technology
Mention outer wall of basement and base plate waterproof, what first we expected is all kinds of coiled materials, water-repellent paint, these traditional waterproof methods are all the modes that adopts " blocking up ", can not permanent solution leakage problem, cause outer wall of basement and base plate leakage water to remain one of common quality defect, and waterproof roll and waterproof coating are easy to aging, later stage is difficult to keep waterproof effect, and this not environmental protection of class waterproofing materials, using and can discharge noxious material for a long time, very unfavorable to drainage system.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is just to provide basement bottom board drainage blanket construction, can keep for a long time good waterproof effect, and environmental protection.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: basement bottom board drainage blanket construction, is characterized in that:
Step 1, the inwall of the drainage blanket of having constructed lead wall, and leading wall, and burying within the walls φ 100mm drain pipe underground, its two ends parcel grid cloth leading;
Step 2, lays boulder bed to the bottom of drainage blanket, first transports grating cobble to basement with transport vehicle, then is laid by a dead lift, reaches after laying depth, adopts plate vibration machine to vibrate, and makes surfacing;
Step 3 is laid a film separation layer on boulder bed, and film separation layer is made up of a few width strip form films, and the overlap joint between two width films must not be less than 100mm;
Step 4 is laid the φ 10mm reinforcing bar of single-layer bidirectional, with ash cake control concrete absolute altitude on film separation layer;
Step 5, adopts fixed pump disturbing concrete, backing plate under pump line support, and template size must not be less than 500 × 500, waters and smashes according to district location piecemeal, has finally poured into a mould concrete ground surface layer;
Step 6, concrete piecemeal position arranges shrinkage joint, according to diverse location, dissimilar shrinkage joint is set.
Preferably, inwall bottom is done the high impervious concrete of 500mm and is led wall, the foot of a wall portion buries the drain pipe discharge ponding of a diameter 100mm along its length at interval of 2m, inwall adopts air-entrained concrete building block to build by laying bricks or stones, inwall generally only has 200mm apart from outer wall of basement, inwall does not process by outer wall of basement one sidelining wall metope, adopts 1:3 cement mortar to plaster, surface layer brushing moistureproof and mildewproof coating by one, garage inwall metope.
Preferably, under stair startings, set up the high load bearing wall of the thick 200mm of 200mm, the height of the step of guaranteeing after moulding to start to walk.
Preferably, the water of drainage blanket is concentrated and is discharged in collecting well,. before collecting well construction, arrange original joint bar on raft foundation, corrosion joint bar need rust cleaning, height after collecting well height of side wall completes with drainage blanket, concrete slab is identical, inner side to support fixed form, prevents side wall distortion with steel pipe, and collecting well cover plate bed die is established framed bent and supported, direction spacing is all less than 900mm in length and breadth, and collecting well short side direction must not be less than two vertical rods.
Construction Principle of the present invention is the mode that adopts " dredging ", break traditional single " blocking up " water mode, be about to ground storehouse exterior wall and base plate infiltration and be first collected to impervious wall gutter, then enter drainage blanket and freely trickle and be collected to collecting well, be finally pumped to city planting ductwork by float-controlled drainage pump.Drainage blanket, as the separation layer between basement bottom board and concrete ground surface layer, can effectively be derived infiltration, keeps using surface layer dry, has reached good hydrophobic effect, effectively solves the common quality defect of outer wall of basement and base plate leakage.Domestic conventional waterproof construction method has novelty at present.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described:
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of drainage blanket;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of whole basement;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of stairs port place drainage blanket;
Schematic diagram when Fig. 4 is collecting well construction.
The specific embodiment
Of the present inventionly be applicable to industry and the civilian basement engineering that groundwater table is higher, strengthening structure and can save the construction of waterproofing course under the prerequisite of waterproof.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 2, drainage blanket 2 of the present invention is located at the upper strata of basement bottom board 1, drainage blanket comprises boulder bed 2, film separation layer 21, steel bar layer 22, and boulder bed 2 adopts grating cobble to lay and forms, laying depth 150mm, hole between grating cobble can effectively be discharged ponding, covers isolated film layer 21 above, can prevent that panel concrete from falling into cobble space, and avoid the erosion of steam to upper strata concrete floor decorative cover, be topmost concrete ground surface layer 23.Ponding in drainage blanket passes through functional in organized water drainage, freely trickle and collect and drain into collecting well 5 by gutter 33, collecting well is around tamped with ramming soil layer 51, and collecting well bottom is concrete cushion 52, when water is fuller in collecting well by the time, carries out pump drainage again by float-controlled drainage pump.This mode has been cancelled the coil waterproof layer of outer wall of basement and basement bottom board, gives full play to the water repelling property of concrete self, and design aspect is controlled and minimizing crack as far as possible, the maintenance of doing over again of avoiding localized seepage's water to cause.Except this structure of basement bottom board drainage blanket, inwall 32 is built in 200m place design apart from outer wall of basement 4 by laying bricks or stones one, the local infiltration of exterior wall is dredged to drainage blanket by built-in pipe, be pooled to again collecting well 5 pump drainages, can keep inwall dry, guarantee that entirely storehouse environment for use is dry, preferably, inwall bottom is done the high impervious concrete of 500mm and is led wall 3, lead the drain pipe 31 that the foot of a wall portion buries a diameter 100mm at interval of 2m along its length and discharge ponding, inwall 32 adopts air-entrained concrete building block to build by laying bricks or stones, inwall generally only has 200mm apart from outer wall of basement, inwall does not process by outer wall of basement one sidelining wall metope, adopt 1:3 cement mortar to plaster by one, garage inwall metope, surface layer brushing moistureproof and mildewproof coating.
Concrete construction method is as follows:
Step 1, the inwall of the drainage blanket of having constructed lead wall, and leading wall, and burying within the walls φ 100mm drain pipe 31 underground leading, its two ends parcel grid cloth 311, drain pipe is arranged one at interval of 2m;
Step 2, lays boulder bed to the bottom of drainage blanket, first transports grating cobble to basement with transport vehicle, then is laid by a dead lift, reaches after laying depth, adopts plate vibration machine to vibrate, and makes surfacing;
Step 3 is laid a film separation layer on boulder bed, and film separation layer is made up of a few width strip form films, and the overlap joint between two width films must not be less than 100mm;
Step 4 is laid the φ 10mm reinforcing bar of single-layer bidirectional, with ash cake control concrete absolute altitude on film separation layer;
Step 5, adopts fixed pump disturbing concrete, backing plate under pump line support, and template size must not be less than 500mm × 500mm, waters and smashes according to district location piecemeal;
Step 6, concrete piecemeal position arranges shrinkage joint, according to diverse location, dissimilar shrinkage joint is set, wherein more shallow after casting and compacting of concrete 5 days of contracting seam, plate face cutting grooving, embedding silica gel forms; If the concrete pavement side fixed foam plate (cystosepiment is lower than concrete surface 10mm) of having smash is formerly watered at darker elongated shrinkage joint, after both sides casting and compacting of concrete completes 5 days, the thick concrete of cutting the top, shrinkage joint 10mm, last silica gel filleting.
As shown in Figure 3, due to the cause of drainage blanket and construction of concrete face slab, must be considered in construction the height that profile increases when basement stairs, so set up the load bearing wall 24 that the thick 200mm of 200mm is high under stair 6 startings, the height of the step of guaranteeing after moulding to start to walk.
As shown in Figure 4, the water of drainage blanket is concentrated and is discharged into 5 li of collecting wells by gutter 33, before collecting well construction, arrange original joint bar on raft foundation, corrosion joint bar need rust cleaning, height after collecting well height of side wall completes with drainage blanket, concrete ground surface layer is identical, inner side to support fixed form, prevents side wall distortion with steel pipe 54, and collecting well cover plate bed die 53 is established framed bent and supported, direction spacing is all less than 900mm in length and breadth, and collecting well short side direction must not be less than two vertical rods.
Adopt drainage blanket waterproof construction, substitute the waterproof construction of waterproof roll, film, not only greatly simplify construction technology, shorten the duration, and make the subsequent handling such as basement structure, pit backfill can insert in advance construction, and save the maintenance cost of pattern foundation pit supporting structure, reduce construction risk, reduce the difficulty of basement bottom board and outer wall of basement waterproof construction control seepage simultaneously, improved the construction quality of engineering.After engineering comes into operation, avoid the Water Seepage in Basement frequently to reprocess, saved the consumption of maintenance cost of labor and material, for Construction unit and property management unit have brought long-term income.

Claims (4)

1. basement bottom board drainage blanket construction, is characterized in that:
Step 1, the inwall of the drainage blanket of having constructed lead wall, and bury within the walls φ 100mm drain pipe underground, its two ends parcel grid cloth leading;
Step 2, lays boulder bed to the bottom of drainage blanket, first transports grating cobble to basement with transport vehicle, then is laid by a dead lift, reaches after laying depth, adopts plate vibration machine to vibrate, and makes surfacing;
Step 3 is laid a film separation layer on boulder bed, and film separation layer is made up of a few width strip form films, and the overlap joint between two width films must not be less than 100mm;
Step 4 is laid the φ 10mm reinforcing bar of single-layer bidirectional, with ash cake control concrete absolute altitude on film separation layer;
Step 5, adopts fixed pump disturbing concrete, backing plate under pump line support, and template size must not be less than 500mm × 500mm, waters and smashes according to district location piecemeal, has finally poured into a mould concrete ground surface layer;
Step 6, concrete piecemeal position arranges shrinkage joint, according to diverse location, dissimilar shrinkage joint is set.
2. basement bottom board drainage blanket construction according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: inwall bottom is done the high impervious concrete of 500mm and led wall, the foot of a wall portion buries the drain pipe discharge ponding of a diameter 100mm along its length at interval of 2m, inwall adopts air-entrained concrete building block to build by laying bricks or stones, inwall generally only has 200mm apart from outer wall of basement, inwall does not process by outer wall of basement one sidelining wall metope, adopt 1:3 cement mortar to plaster by one, garage inwall metope, surface layer brushing moistureproof and mildewproof coating.
3. basement bottom board drainage blanket construction according to claim 1, is characterized in that: under stair startings, set up the high load bearing wall of the thick 200mm of 200mm, the height of the step of guaranteeing after moulding to start to walk.
4. basement bottom board drainage blanket construction according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the water of drainage blanket is concentrated and is discharged in collecting well, before collecting well construction, arrange original joint bar on raft foundation, corrosion joint bar need rust cleaning, height after collecting well height of side wall completes with drainage blanket, concrete slab is identical, inner side with steel pipe to support fixed form, prevent side wall distortion, collecting well cover plate bed die is established framed bent and is supported, direction spacing is all less than 900mm in length and breadth, and collecting well short side direction must not be less than two vertical rods.
CN201410076898.0A 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Basement bottom plate water drainage layer construction method Pending CN103821181A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410076898.0A CN103821181A (en) 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Basement bottom plate water drainage layer construction method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410076898.0A CN103821181A (en) 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Basement bottom plate water drainage layer construction method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103821181A true CN103821181A (en) 2014-05-28

Family

ID=50756449

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410076898.0A Pending CN103821181A (en) 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Basement bottom plate water drainage layer construction method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103821181A (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104404985A (en) * 2014-10-08 2015-03-11 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Construction method for basement floor post-cast strip waterproofing structure
CN104863187A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-26 成都格瑞思文化传播有限公司 Basement sump
CN104988955A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-21 中建一局集团第六建筑有限公司 Anti-drainage combined waterproof system for super-deep basements, and construction method
CN105569063A (en) * 2015-06-05 2016-05-11 中建四局第一建筑工程有限公司 Collecting and utilizing method for underground water on periphery of basement retaining wall and water collecting structure
CN106245688A (en) * 2016-09-26 2016-12-21 六合峰(天津)科技股份有限公司 A kind of prevention basement water leakage of floor constructing structure and construction technology thereof
CN106592756A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-04-26 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Karst region step-type basement water drainage structure and construction method thereof
CN107165265A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-09-15 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of moistureproof integrated system of ultra-deep basement anti-floating water proof
CN107190844A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-22 河海大学 The waterproof and water drainage system and construction method of a kind of basement bottom board and exterior wall
CN107268775A (en) * 2017-06-24 2017-10-20 南京金宸建筑设计有限公司 The wall body structure and its method of construction of basement
CN107524237A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-29 上海建工七建集团有限公司 A kind of basement inwall fish tail and waterproof layer and construction method
CN107882063A (en) * 2016-09-29 2018-04-06 张司令 A kind of waterproof method for underground installation
CN111139874A (en) * 2020-02-17 2020-05-12 上海徐汇规划建筑设计有限公司 Basement water conservancy diversion high efficiency dampproof structure
CN111456109A (en) * 2020-04-16 2020-07-28 四川省建筑科学研究院有限公司 Underground building bottom plate structure and underground garage
CN111779157A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-10-16 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Underground outdoor wall structure and construction method thereof
CN111827364A (en) * 2020-07-13 2020-10-27 深圳市建工集团股份有限公司 Construction method for basement structure bottom plate leakage subarea point type drainage prevention and combination

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06185079A (en) * 1992-12-17 1994-07-05 Kajima Corp Sump water pit structure of underground foundation
CN102720217A (en) * 2012-06-12 2012-10-10 浙江城建建设集团有限公司 Basement watertightness structure and construction method thereof
CN202706064U (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-01-30 浙江城建建设集团有限公司 Basement and semi-basement waterproof structure
CN103114605A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-05-22 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Anti-seepage drainage layer structure and construction method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06185079A (en) * 1992-12-17 1994-07-05 Kajima Corp Sump water pit structure of underground foundation
CN102720217A (en) * 2012-06-12 2012-10-10 浙江城建建设集团有限公司 Basement watertightness structure and construction method thereof
CN202706064U (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-01-30 浙江城建建设集团有限公司 Basement and semi-basement waterproof structure
CN103114605A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-05-22 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Anti-seepage drainage layer structure and construction method

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
上海市建设和管理委员会科学技术委员会: "《上海高层超高层建筑设计与施工.结构施工》", 30 September 2003, 上海科学普及出版社 *
刘大鹏等: "《疏水层及衬墙在工程中的应用》", 《山西建筑》 *

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104404985A (en) * 2014-10-08 2015-03-11 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Construction method for basement floor post-cast strip waterproofing structure
CN104863187A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-26 成都格瑞思文化传播有限公司 Basement sump
CN104863187B (en) * 2015-04-29 2016-10-26 成都格瑞思文化传播有限公司 Basement water collection pit
CN105569063A (en) * 2015-06-05 2016-05-11 中建四局第一建筑工程有限公司 Collecting and utilizing method for underground water on periphery of basement retaining wall and water collecting structure
CN104988955A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-21 中建一局集团第六建筑有限公司 Anti-drainage combined waterproof system for super-deep basements, and construction method
CN106245688B (en) * 2016-09-26 2018-05-08 六合峰(天津)科技股份有限公司 One kind prevention basement water leakage of floor constructing structure and its construction technology
CN106245688A (en) * 2016-09-26 2016-12-21 六合峰(天津)科技股份有限公司 A kind of prevention basement water leakage of floor constructing structure and construction technology thereof
CN107882063B (en) * 2016-09-29 2019-11-22 张司令 A kind of waterproof method for underground installation
CN107882063A (en) * 2016-09-29 2018-04-06 张司令 A kind of waterproof method for underground installation
CN106592756A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-04-26 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Karst region step-type basement water drainage structure and construction method thereof
CN107190844A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-22 河海大学 The waterproof and water drainage system and construction method of a kind of basement bottom board and exterior wall
CN107190844B (en) * 2017-06-23 2019-05-10 河海大学 The waterproof and water drainage system and construction method of a kind of basement bottom board and exterior wall
CN107268775B (en) * 2017-06-24 2019-05-24 南京金宸建筑设计有限公司 The wall body structure and its method of construction of basement
CN107268775A (en) * 2017-06-24 2017-10-20 南京金宸建筑设计有限公司 The wall body structure and its method of construction of basement
CN107165265A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-09-15 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of moistureproof integrated system of ultra-deep basement anti-floating water proof
CN107524237A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-29 上海建工七建集团有限公司 A kind of basement inwall fish tail and waterproof layer and construction method
CN111139874A (en) * 2020-02-17 2020-05-12 上海徐汇规划建筑设计有限公司 Basement water conservancy diversion high efficiency dampproof structure
CN111456109A (en) * 2020-04-16 2020-07-28 四川省建筑科学研究院有限公司 Underground building bottom plate structure and underground garage
CN111827364A (en) * 2020-07-13 2020-10-27 深圳市建工集团股份有限公司 Construction method for basement structure bottom plate leakage subarea point type drainage prevention and combination
CN111779157A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-10-16 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Underground outdoor wall structure and construction method thereof

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103821181A (en) Basement bottom plate water drainage layer construction method
CN103741714B (en) Underground engineering full sheltered reverse excavation construction method
US9758944B2 (en) Free-flowing waterproofing system
CN103046565B (en) Draining method for ultra-deep batholith deep foundation pit
CN103774616B (en) From the Ecological Retaining Wall construction method that embedded block is built by laying bricks or stones
CN102535488B (en) Waterproof construction method for bottom plate of high-water-level basement
CN204530732U (en) A kind of structure of the precipitation based on basement elevator shaft plash
CN203531009U (en) Macadam layer hydrophobic structure for basement base plate
CN105862873A (en) Construction method of underground water prevention and exterior wall structures of narrow space of deep foundation pit
CN104234089B (en) The construction method that a kind of basement guarded drainage combines
CN209837281U (en) Basement outer wall and bottom plate corner waterproof node
CN202466623U (en) Basement attached lane structure
CN111894124B (en) Waterproof construction method for large-area civil air defense basement
CN202440826U (en) Waterproof system for high-water level basement foundation slabs
CN107386416A (en) A kind of basement boulder is from draining construction method of ground
CN103469828A (en) Construction method of hydrophobic structure of post-cast strip of bottom plate of basement
CN105544621A (en) Building structure for lowering designed anti-floating water level of heap slope building
CN206477382U (en) Rainwater recycle comprehensively utilizes structure
CN104328790A (en) Cast-in-situ sprayed concrete hidden bearing platform and hidden ground beam molding bed
CN204199302U (en) The dark cushion cap of cast-in-place sprayed mortar and secretly beam loose tool
CN108661087A (en) The waterproof construction and construction method of tower crane in a kind of basement bottom board
CN204570653U (en) Ground under a kind of novel rainy season construction high-supported formwork frame
CN215166180U (en) Caisson type tertiary drainage system
CN212129250U (en) Construction structure for additionally arranging collecting groove on post-cast strip of high-water-level foundation
CN215888287U (en) Water-rich sandy slope water-drainage-preventing system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20140528

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication