CN103818734A - Efficient quayside container transfer method and system - Google Patents

Efficient quayside container transfer method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103818734A
CN103818734A CN201410048633.XA CN201410048633A CN103818734A CN 103818734 A CN103818734 A CN 103818734A CN 201410048633 A CN201410048633 A CN 201410048633A CN 103818734 A CN103818734 A CN 103818734A
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bridge
container
bank
dimensional
grider
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CN103818734B (en
Inventor
赵迎九
郭树旺
郑雪峰
杜蔚琼
肖强
倪华
皮岩峰
秦春雷
逯鹏
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Huadian Lanke Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Huadian Heavy Industries Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an efficient quayside container transfer method and system. The transfer method includes unshipping, evacuation of cargoes from a port, transition, entrance and shipping. The transfer system comprises more than one quay crane, a ferry crane and a stereoscopic transtainer, the quay cranes are arranged on a quayside rail a, the ferry crane is arranged below one sides, away from the shore line, of the quay cranes, and the stereoscopic transtainer is arranged on one side, away from the shore line, of the ferry crane. Compared with the prior art, the method and the system have the advantages that through the container transfer method, container loading, unloading and transition efficiency can be effectively improved, and production, manufacture and use cost of the container transfer system is lowered; the process of quick evacuation of the cargos from the port and port entrance of the containers can be realized through a quick channel; longitudinal transfer of the containers can be realized through automatic rail cars; besides, usage quantity of container trucks is reduced, and the problem that the container trucks easily jam on a container yard road is solved.

Description

A kind of Quayside container transfer method and movement system efficiently
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Quayside container transfer method and movement system, especially a kind of Quayside container transfer method and movement system efficiently, belong to harbour container logistics field.
Background technology
Along with the total value of economic fast development and international trade is constantly soaring, large shipload mlc mode has been gone on the arena of history gradually, this has just proposed revolutionary challenge to traditional harbour Quayside container movement system, and the transport efficacy that how to improve harbour container will become epoch-making proposition.
Present stage, some harbours use patent No.s were " 98102389.4 ", denomination of invention is container handling system and the technique of " equipment of harbour container loading and unloading system and technique ", compared with traditional container handling system, although it can improve container handling efficiency, and correlation technique comparative maturity, but along with the emergence of large ship logistics and the development of international trade, this loading and unloading system can not meet the high request of port development to container transshipment efficiency far away.And the use truck of crossbeam carries out the transhipment of freight container in the process of unloading a ship, the truck of container transshipment easily gets congestion on yard and road, has a strong impact on its transport efficacy.And truck in use can cause the pollution of a large amount of resource loss and environment, improve the cost of container transshipment process.
The same patent No. is " 201310268820.4 ", denomination of invention is " a kind of double-deck bank bridge for container handling ", the double-deck bank bridge of this container handling carrys out coordinative operation by three dollies on bank bridge and reaches the object that improves handling ship efficiency, but the lifting altitude of the lifting trolley of its top is very high, this can have a strong impact on the handling efficiency of freight container, first, the handling efficiency of whole freight container shipment process is subject to the impact of sea wind larger, the suspender of lifting trolley below is time-consuming longer at crawl freight container, also need to increase freight container anti roll device in order to improve handling efficiency,
Secondly, for example, in the process of unloading a ship, along with the freight container on ship is by after removal from level to level, the lifting altitude of lifting trolley needs constantly to strengthen, and lifting trolley hangs the efficiency of getting freight container and can decline gradually, has a strong impact on the efficiency of unloading a ship of freight container;
The 3rd, due to large ship industrial expansion of present stage, the height of freighter is increased gradually, so the height of bank bridge also needs to increase, but when bank bridge is increased, sea wind is larger to the stability influence of whole bank bridge, in order to improve the resistance to overturning of bank bridge, the project organization of bank bridge is larger, and each mechanism also needs to continue to increase, and has improved to a great extent the production of bank bridge, the cost of operation and maintenance;
At present, Patent Office has announced an application number for " 201310324290.0 ", name is called the patent of invention of " the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container and technique ", the container handling system that this patent is made up of jointly bank bridge, ferry-boat bridge and a three-dimensional bridge, can effectively improve the handling efficiency of freight container, but bank bridge also exists the common issue of above-mentioned two patents, both the height of bank bridge grider was non-adjustable, and then also can to a certain degree affect the efficiency of container handling ship; In addition, freight container is transported to after a three-dimensional bridge, and by the lifting trolley allocation and transportation freight container of three-dimensional bridge top, freight container is in swing state in handling process completely, and therefore the transporting velocity of freight container is slower, causes the transport efficacy of freight container lower; And in transporting container process in vacant state, therefore its handling process is more dangerous;
In sum, along with the increasing of foreign trade, traditional more or less has some technical disadvantages or technical bottleneck with present used container transshipment system, therefore researches and develops a kind of efficient Quayside container transfer method and realize the movement system of the method extremely urgent.
Summary of the invention
For the above-mentioned shortcoming of traditional container transshipment system, the invention provides a kind of Quayside container transfer method and movement system efficiently, it can realize the function of the height that regulates bank bridge disembarkation bridge grider, effectively reduce the working level of each mechanism on bank bridge steel structure and bank bridge, simplified bank bridge construction; This container handling method can improve the handling efficiency of freight container dramatically; This container handling system has all functions that handling ship, the quick transition of freight container and freight container enter a port and leave the port, have advantages of powerful, container transshipment efficiency is high, but also can reduce the impact of sea wind on whole loading and unloading system.
Technical scheme of the present invention: a kind of Quayside container transfer method efficiently, it comprise unload a ship, clear out a harbour, the method for transition, admission and shipment;
In the time that box ship rests in port and pier, regulate the position of more than one bank bridge, make the one end of the bank bridge grider on bank bridge be positioned at box ship directly over, more than one bank bridge separately respectively by the bank bridge lifting trolley on bank bridge grider and bank bridge transport carriage by container transshipment to the ferry-boat dolly on ferry-boat bridge, ferry-boat dolly is ferried after assigned address, the container transshipment on ferry-boat dolly is arrived in the container depot of three-dimensional the bridge below of specifying by the container transshipment device of a three-dimensional bridge; Repeat said process and realize the process of unloading a ship of freight container;
In the time that needs are cleared out a harbour, the container transshipment device by three-dimensional bridge by the container transshipment in the container depot of three-dimensional bridge below to three-dimensional bridge below etc. on the truck of case waiting, realize the process of clearing out a harbour of a three-dimensional bridge;
In the time of freight container admission, truck rests in a solid bridge below, container transshipment is arrived in the container depot of three-dimensional the bridge below of specifying by the container transshipment device of a three-dimensional bridge;
Its shipment process is the inverse process of the process of unloading a ship;
Described bank bridge, ferry-boat bridge and a three-dimensional bridge are all controlled by control system.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, in order to improve the efficiency of handling ship of freight container, also comprise the lifting process of the bank bridge grider on bank bridge, at handling ship time, regulate successively the height of the bank bridge grider on more than one bank bridge, the good laggard luggage ship-discharging operation of height adjustment.Select the liftable bank bridge of bank bridge grider can improve the handling efficiency of bank bridge to freight container.For example, in the process of unloading a ship, the height of timely adjustment bank bridge grider, make bank bridge grider and the distance of the freight container that will hoist remain on the scope of 5~15m, preferred distance is 10~12m, after adjusting, bank bridge grider is locked, bank bridge lifting trolley is in the time that the lifting range of 5~15m hoists freight container, be subject to extraneous effect of natural conditions less, avoid the use of anti roll device in prior art, and whole unloading a ship in process, because lifting altitude is lower, shorten dramatically the time of bank bridge lifting trolley transfer container, and then improve the efficiency of unloading a ship of freight container, another for the lifting altitude due to bank bridge lifting trolley is lower and be subject in situation that extraneous effect of natural conditions is less, in the time that bank bridge designs, the mechanism of bank bridge lifting trolley and the working level of structure are less, make the structure of bank bridge lifting trolley less, the intensity of deadweight light and opposite bank bridge grider and bank portal frame, rigidity and stability requirement are lower, reduce dramatically the manufacture of equipment, operation and maintenance cost,
The height that regulates successively bank bridge grider in method is the live load producing in lifting process in order to reduce multiple bank bridges, reduces the impact of live load opposite bank bridge ground, reduces ground construction cost, thereby has reduced the construction cost at harbour.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, the process of unloading a ship comprises the steps:
Step 1: in the time that box ship rests in port and pier, more than one bank bridge is walked on track a, make the one end of the bank bridge grider on bank bridge be positioned at box ship directly over, then regulate successively the distance of the freight container of highest point on bank bridge grider and box ship, after height adjustment is good, bank bridge grider is locked on bank portal frame; The object of locking bank bridge grider is in order to guarantee the working stability of bank bridge lifting trolley when the handling freight container, in addition, can also to play the effect of safety guard-safeguard, avoiding the littoral portal frame landing of bank bridge grider to cause safety misadventure.
Step 2: the bank bridge lifting trolley on bank bridge grider is transported to container crane on the ferry-boat dolly on the ferry-boat bridge below bank bridge, and by the container transshipment device of a three-dimensional bridge, container transshipment is arrived in a solid container depot that specify bridge below.This process all realizes by control system.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, container transshipment device comprises lifting trolley c, field bridge transport carriage and trackmobile, after the orbital docking on the walking beam b on the switching rail on ferry-boat dolly and a three-dimensional bridge is good, the field bridge transport carriage of ferry-boat dolly top arrives container transshipment the container depot top of specifying along the track on walking beam b, the lifting trolley c of bridge transport carriage top, field piles up in the container depot of specifying by freight container or lifting trolley c slings freight container is placed on the trackmobile below a three-dimensional bridge, trackmobile arrives container transshipment near the container depot of specifying, the lifting trolley c of three-dimensional the bridge top at this place piles up freight container in the container depot of specifying, meanwhile, ferry-boat dolly accesses another bridge transport carriage nearby and repeats the above-mentioned case process that connects, the freight container entering on the field bridge transport carriage of three-dimensional bridge is turned back on the ferry-boat dolly on ferry-boat bridge and accesses next freight container by removal Hou Yanyuan road, repeat above-mentioned steps by the container transshipment on box ship in the bridge of three-dimensional field and complete the process of unloading a ship.In ferry-boat, switching rail being set on dolly is in order to be that a bridge transport carriage can walked between ferry-boat bridge and a three-dimensional bridge smoothly, solve freight container in prior art and be transported to from ferry-boat bridge the problem that the transporting mode of a three-dimensional bridge is lost time, improved dramatically the transport efficacy of freight container in this process.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, the process of unloading a ship comprises the steps:
Step 1: in the time that box ship rests in port and pier, more than one bank bridge is walked on track a, make the one end of the bank bridge grider on bank bridge be positioned at box ship directly over;
Step 2: the bank bridge lifting trolley on bank bridge grider upper strata starts to hang on the freight container of getting on box ship the bank bridge transport carriage that container crane is placed on to bank bridge grider lower floor, this bank bridge lifting trolley continues to hang next freight container on picking ship, and bank bridge transport carriage is the below to the bank bridge lifting trolley of the other end of bank bridge grider by container transshipment;
Step 3: the bank bridge lifting trolley at this place is placed on container crane on the field bridge transport carriage on ferry-boat dolly, now bank bridge transport carriage Yan Yuan road is returned and is accessed next freight container, under the control of control system, the track that the ferry-boat dolly that is loaded with a bridge transport carriage runs on the walking beam b on the three-dimensional field bridge of the switching rail that makes to ferry on dolly and appointment on ferry-boat bridge connects; In ferry-boat, switching rail being set on dolly is in order to be that a bridge transport carriage can walked between ferry-boat bridge and a three-dimensional bridge smoothly, solve freight container in prior art and be transported to from ferry-boat bridge the problem that the transporting mode of a three-dimensional bridge is lost time, improved dramatically the transport efficacy of freight container in this process.
Step 4: a bridge transport carriage enters in a three-dimensional bridge along the track on walking beam b, and run to the top of container depot that freight container is specified, the lifting trolley c on three-dimensional Chang Qiao upper strata slings the freight container on the bridge transport carriage of field and is placed in the container depot that a three-dimensional bridge specifies or container crane is placed on trackmobile, trackmobile arrives container transshipment near the container depot of specifying, the lifting trolley c of three-dimensional the bridge top at this place piles up freight container in the container depot of specifying, the dolly of now ferrying accesses another bridge transport carriage nearby and repeats the above-mentioned case process that connects, the freight container entering on the field bridge transport carriage of three-dimensional bridge is turned back on the ferry-boat dolly on ferry-boat bridge and accesses next freight container by removal Hou Yanyuan road, repeat above-mentioned steps by the container transshipment on box ship in the bridge of three-dimensional field and complete the process of unloading a ship.The container depot of three-dimensional bridge below is divided by the classification of goods, by field bridge transport carriage, lifting trolley c and the trackmobile of a three-dimensional bridge can be smoothly through instruction that control system sends by container transshipment in the container depot of specifying.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, the process of unloading a ship comprises the steps:
Step 1: in the time that box ship rests in port and pier, more than one bank bridge is walked on track a, make the one end of the bank bridge grider on bank bridge be positioned at box ship directly over, then regulate successively the distance of the freight container of highest point on bank bridge grider and box ship, after height adjustment is good, bank bridge grider is locked on bank portal frame;
Step 2: the bank bridge lifting trolley on bank bridge grider upper strata starts to hang on the freight container of getting on box ship the bank bridge transport carriage that container crane is placed on to bank bridge grider lower floor, now bank bridge lifting trolley continues to hang and gets the next freight container on box ship and repeat aforesaid operations; Simultaneously bank bridge transport carriage by container transshipment the below to the bank bridge lifting trolley of the other end of bank bridge grider, can timely adjustment bank bridge grider in the process of unloading a ship and the distance of the freight container that hoists;
Step 3: the bank bridge lifting trolley at this place is placed on container crane on the field bridge transport carriage on ferry-boat dolly, now bank bridge transport carriage Yan Yuan road is returned and is accessed next freight container, and the track that the ferry-boat dolly that is loaded with a bridge transport carriage runs on the walking beam b on switching rail and a three-dimensional bridge that makes to ferry on dolly on ferry-boat bridge connects;
Step 4: a bridge transport carriage enters in a three-dimensional bridge along the track on walking beam b, and run to the top of container depot that freight container is specified, the lifting trolley c on three-dimensional Chang Qiao upper strata piles up the freight container on the bridge transport carriage of field the container depot of specifying at a three-dimensional bridge, and the dolly of now ferrying accesses another bridge transport carriage nearby and repeats the above-mentioned case process that connects; The freight container entering on the field bridge transport carriage of three-dimensional bridge is turned back on the ferry-boat dolly on ferry-boat bridge and accesses next freight container by removal Hou Yanyuan road, repeat above-mentioned steps by the container transshipment on box ship in the bridge of three-dimensional field and complete the process of unloading a ship.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, described container transshipment method also comprises the steering method of freight container; Freight container transition process comprise freight container by the container depot transition of three-dimensional bridge below to the process of open storage or by open storage transition the process to the container depot below the bridge of three-dimensional field:
In freight container need to be from the container depot transition of three-dimensional bridge below to open storage time, by the container transshipment device of a three-dimensional bridge and automatically track crane by container transshipment below a solid bridge in open storage;
In freight container need to the container depot from open storage transition to three-dimensional bridge below time, by the container transshipment device of a three-dimensional bridge and automatically track crane by the container transshipment in open storage the container depot to three-dimensional bridge below.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, take the container transshipment in the stockyard of three-dimensional bridge below to open storage in as example, comprise the steps:
Step 1: the lifting trolley c on the three-dimensional Chang Qiao upper strata of the freight container top of the transition of is placed on container crane on the trackmobile of three-dimensional bridge below, trackmobile vertically moves and the below to a three-dimensional bridge by container transshipment, trackmobile Yan Yuan returns on road and accesses next freight container, the lifting trolley c of three-dimensional bridge top is herein put container crane on field bridge transport carriage thereunder, field bridge transport carriage arrives transporting container near the container depot of specifying, the lifting trolley c of three-dimensional bridge top herein transports to container crane on the trackmobile of three-dimensional bridge below, trackmobile is the automatic track crane below to open storage by container transshipment, automatically track crane is sling freight container to be placed on the container stacking district of appointment,
Freight container need to be from open storage transition to three-dimensional bridge below the process in stockyard be that the container transshipment in stockyard of three-dimensional bridge below is to the inverse process of open storage process.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, take the container transshipment of the container depot of three-dimensional bridge below to open storage in as example, comprise the steps:
Step 1: the lifting trolley c on the three-dimensional Chang Qiao upper strata of the freight container top of the transition of is placed on container crane on the trackmobile of three-dimensional bridge below, trackmobile vertically moves and the below to the accelerated passage of a three-dimensional bridge by container transshipment, trackmobile Yan Yuan returns on road and accesses next freight container, lifting trolley c on accelerated passage is herein put container crane on field bridge transport carriage thereunder, transporting container is arrived a three-dimensional bridge and accelerated passage junction by field bridge transport carriage, lifting trolley c herein slings freight container and places it on the field bridge transport carriage on accelerated passage,
Near step 2: a bridge transport carriage arrives container transshipment the container depot of specifying, the lifting trolley c of accelerated passage top transports to container crane on the trackmobile of accelerated passage below, trackmobile is the automatic track crane below to open storage by container transshipment, and track crane is sling freight container to be placed on the container stacking district of appointment automatically;
Freight container need to be from open storage transition to three-dimensional bridge below the process in stockyard be that the container transshipment in stockyard of three-dimensional bridge below is to the inverse process of open storage process.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, when freight container is dredged field, the automatic track crane of open storage can directly be put the container crane of stacking in open storage on the truck of truck passage thereunder, realizes quick dredging port process.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, in the time evacuating the freight container in stockyard, three-dimensional bridge below, the freight container of double-deck stereo field bridge below by lifting trolley c and trackmobile and a bridge transport carriage by container transshipment to the truck on the truck passage of three-dimensional bridge below and transport harbour.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, in the time evacuating the freight container in stockyard, three-dimensional bridge below, the freight container of double-deck stereo field bridge below by lifting trolley c and trackmobile and a bridge transport carriage by container transshipment the assigned address to the accelerated passage of a three-dimensional bridge, the lifting trolley c of accelerated passage top herein transports to container crane on the truck on the truck passage of accelerated passage below and transports harbour.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, described method can also realize by rapid transport district the thin field of freight container:
In the time evacuating the freight container of container depot of three-dimensional bridge below, container transshipment device is by the container transshipment of piling up the container depot below a three-dimensional bridge to the truck in rapid transport district, and freight container is transported harbour by truck;
In the time evacuating open storage freight container, the automatic track crane of open storage and container transshipment device are by the container transshipment of piling up stockyard in the open to the truck in rapid transport district, and freight container is transported harbour by truck.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, in the time evacuating the freight container of three-dimensional bridge below container depot, the freight container of double-deck stereo field bridge below by lifting trolley c and trackmobile and a bridge transport carriage by container transshipment the assigned address to the accelerated passage of a three-dimensional bridge, the field bridge transport carriage of accelerated passage top directly arrives truck rapid transport district by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c of its top transports to container crane on the truck of below, truck rapid transport district, and freight container is transported container depot by truck;
In the time evacuating the freight container of open storage, the automatic track crane of open storage is transported to container crane on the trackmobile of open storage below, trackmobile is the accelerated passage below to a three-dimensional bridge by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c of accelerated passage top is put container crane on field bridge transport carriage thereunder, bridge transport carriage by container transshipment directly over truck rapid transport district, the lifting trolley c at this place is put freight container on truck thereunder, and freight container is transported open storage by truck.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, when freight container admission, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the automatic track crane of open storage, and track crane is directly piled up freight container in open storage automatically.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in three-dimensional bridge below, and container transshipment device arrives container transshipment in the container depot of three-dimensional the bridge below of specifying.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the accelerated passage of a three-dimensional bridge, the lifting trolley c of accelerated passage top is put container crane on trackmobile thereunder, trackmobile is the below to the automatic track crane of open storage by container transshipment, and track crane is transported to container crane in the open storage of appointment automatically.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in three-dimensional bridge below, the lifting trolley c of three-dimensional bridge top transports to container crane the field bridge transport carriage of lifting trolley c below, field bridge transport carriage arrives container transshipment near the container depot of specifying, the lifting trolley c of this top, place transports to container crane on the trackmobile of three-dimensional bridge below, trackmobile is transported to container crane near the container depot of specifying three-dimensional bridge below, lifting trolley c herein piles up freight container in the container depot of specifying below a three-dimensional bridge.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the accelerated passage of a three-dimensional bridge, the lifting trolley c of accelerated passage top transports to container crane the field bridge transport carriage of lifting trolley c below, field bridge transport carriage is the container depot top to appointment by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c of its top transports to container crane on the trackmobile of three-dimensional bridge below, near trackmobile is specified container transshipment container depot to three-dimensional bridge below, lifting trolley c herein piles up freight container in the container depot of specifying below a three-dimensional bridge.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, can also realize by rapid transport district the field method that enters of freight container:
In the time that freight container need to enter the container depot of three-dimensional bridge below, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the rapid transport district of three-dimensional bridge below, in the container transshipment device of a three-dimensional bridge is specified container transshipment container depot to the below of a three-dimensional bridge;
In the time that freight container need to enter the stockyard of open storage below, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the rapid transport district of three-dimensional bridge below, the container transshipment device of a three-dimensional bridge is the automatic track crane below to open storage by container transshipment, and track crane is transported to container crane in open storage automatically.
In aforesaid this efficient Quayside container transfer method, in the time that freight container need to enter the stockyard of three-dimensional bridge below, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the truck rapid transport district of accelerated passage below, lifting trolley c by accelerated passage top slings the freight container resting on the truck in the truck rapid transport district below accelerated passage, and put on field bridge transport carriage thereunder, bridge transport carriage by container transshipment near the top container depot of a three-dimensional bridge of specifying, the lifting trolley c at this place transports to container crane on the trackmobile of three-dimensional bridge below, trackmobile is near to the container depot of a three-dimensional bridge of specifying by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c at this place piles up freight container in the container depot of specifying,
In the time that freight container need to enter open storage, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the truck rapid transport district of accelerated passage below, the lifting trolley c of accelerated passage top is put container crane on field bridge transport carriage thereunder, bridge transport carriage by container transshipment to the top of trackmobile of leading to open storage, lifting trolley c is herein put container crane on trackmobile thereunder, the automatic track crane below of open storage, the container crane that trackmobile is transported to open storage below by track crane is automatically transported in open storage.
In container transshipment method, described truck refers to container transshipment truck.
In container transshipment method, reduce dramatically the use of truck, effectively reduced the cost of the transhipment of freight container, also effectively avoided the discharge of freight container tail gas simultaneously.
In container transshipment method, adopt above-mentioned steps to unload ship time, can effectively shorten the stroke of each container transshipment device, and mutually do not interfere, solve the problem that truck easily gets congestion on yard and road, shortened dramatically the time of unloading a ship.
A kind of movement system that realizes aforesaid efficient Quayside container transfer method, comprise more than one bank bridge, ferry-boat bridge and a three-dimensional bridge, more than one bank bridge is located on the track a on harbour bank, ferry-boat bridge is located at the below of bank bridge away from coastline one side, is provided with a three-dimensional bridge away from a side of the ferry-boat bridge in coastline.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, the number of bank bridge is 2~10.Be preferably 4 or 5 or 6, concrete number can according to the cargo capacity of box ship number choose.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, bank bridge comprises bank portal frame and bank bridge grider, and bank bridge grider is located at the upper end of bank portal frame inner side, and bank bridge grider top is provided with bank bridge lifting trolley and bank bridge transport carriage.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, adopt the bank bridge of bank bridge grider Liftable type.Shorten the lifting altitude of bank bridge lifting trolley, and can avoid suspender in the handling process of traditional freight container and the problem of freight container contraposition, improved dramatically the transport efficacy of freight container.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, bank bridge comprises bank portal frame and bank bridge grider, bank portal frame comprises four door frame columns, door frame column below is connected by connecting cross beam a, bank bridge grider is located at the inner side of bank portal frame and is connected by crossbeam latching device, the top of four door frame columns is provided with two connecting cross beam b, the below of connecting cross beam b is provided with assembly pulley a, connecting cross beam a is provided with crossbeam lifting mechanism, bank bridge grider top is provided with assembly pulley b, and the steel rope on crossbeam lifting mechanism is connected with bank bridge grider with assembly pulley b by assembly pulley a.For the resistance to overturning that improves bank portal frame can also increase some reinforcements.
Aforesaid crossbeam lifting mechanism comprises lifting motor, drop-gear box, reel and drg, and motor is connected with reel by drop-gear box, is wound with steel rope on reel.In the time that bank bridge grider needs lifting, open crossbeam latching device, the motor of crossbeam lifting mechanism starts forward or reversion and is with movable reel to rotate, the steel rope being connected with assembly pulley b with assembly pulley a on reel drives bank bridge grider to rise or declines, in the time adjusting the height of bank bridge grider, stop operating and to pass through drg locked by the control motor of control system, then by crossbeam latching device by locked bank bridge grider.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, adopt double-deck bank bridge grider, the upper strata of bank bridge grider is provided with more than one lifting trolley, and the lower floor of bank bridge grider is provided with bank bridge transport carriage.The transport mode that has replaced the freight container that traditional lifting trolley not only hoists but also transport by lifting trolley and bank bridge transport carriage coordinative operation, can shorten the transhipment time of bank bridge to freight container effectively, improves dramatically the transport efficacy of freight container.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, bank bridge comprises bank portal frame and bank bridge grider, bank portal frame comprises four door frame columns, door frame column below is connected by connecting cross beam a, bank bridge grider is fixed on the top of bank portal frame, the upper strata of bank bridge grider is provided with two lifting trolleys, and the lower floor of bank bridge grider is provided with bank bridge transport carriage.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, adopt Liftable type and there is the bank bridge of double-deck bank bridge grider.This bank bridge can shorten the lifting altitude of bank bridge lifting trolley, and can avoid suspender in the handling process of traditional freight container and the problem of freight container contraposition, improves dramatically the transport efficacy of freight container.In addition, replace the transport mode of the freight container that traditional lifting trolley not only hoists but also transport by lifting trolley and bank bridge transport carriage coordinative operation, can effectively shorten the transhipment time of bank bridge to freight container, improved dramatically the transport efficacy of freight container.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, bank bridge comprises bank portal frame and bank bridge grider, bank portal frame comprises four door frame columns, door frame column below is connected by connecting cross beam a, bank bridge grider is located at the inner side of bank portal frame and is connected by crossbeam latching device, bank bridge grider upper strata is provided with two lifting trolleys, and bank bridge grider lower floor is provided with bank bridge transport carriage; The top of four door frame columns is provided with two connecting cross beam b, the below of connecting cross beam b is provided with assembly pulley a, connecting cross beam a is provided with crossbeam lifting mechanism, and bank bridge grider top is provided with assembly pulley b, and the steel rope on crossbeam lifting mechanism is connected with bank bridge grider with assembly pulley b by assembly pulley a.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, bank bridge comprises bank portal frame and bank bridge grider, bank portal frame comprises four door frame columns, door frame column below is connected by connecting cross beam a, bank bridge grider is located at the inner side of bank portal frame and is connected by crossbeam latching device, the inner side on bank bridge grider top and the outside of bottom are equipped with trolley track, two ends in the inner track on bank bridge grider top are respectively equipped with bank bridge lifting trolley, and the track in the outside of bank bridge grider bottom is provided with bank bridge transport carriage; The top of four door frame columns is provided with two connecting cross beam b, the below of connecting cross beam b is provided with assembly pulley a, connecting cross beam a is provided with crossbeam lifting mechanism, and bank bridge grider top is provided with assembly pulley b, and the steel rope on crossbeam lifting mechanism is connected with bank bridge grider with assembly pulley b by assembly pulley a.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, bank bridge grider is truss structure, and bank bridge grider comprises truss girder a and truss girder b, and truss girder a is parallel to each other with truss girder b and is connected by 3~15 saddle beams.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, crossbeam latching device comprises the crossbeam lifting limit track of bank portal frame inner side and is located at the positioning and locking device a of bank bridge grider side, positioning and locking device a comprises guiding wheels, hydraulic thrust pull bar a and is fixed on the bearing a of bank bridge grider side, the termination of hydraulic thrust pull bar a is provided with latch, and the vertical direction of crossbeam lifting limit track is provided with multiple knock holees.In the time that bank bridge grider need to be adjusted height, by hydraulic thrust pull bar, a pulls out the latch of its termination from knock hole, drive bank bridge grider to carry out lifting by large lifting device of girder again, positioning and locking device a on bank bridge grider walks under the effect of guiding wheels on crossbeam lifting limit track, after the height adjustment of bank bridge grider is good, hydraulic thrust pull bar a inserts the latch of its termination in the knock hole of crossbeam lifting limit track, realizes the locking of bank bridge grider.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, the positioning and locking device a that is located at bank bridge grider side is 4~32.Be preferably 4,8,12 or 16.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, crossbeam latching device comprises the positioning step of being located at bank portal frame inner side and the positioning and locking device b that is located at bank bridge grider, positioning and locking device b comprises the bearing b that is fixed on bank bridge grider side, the hinged hydraulic thrust pull bar b with bearing b in one end, crossbeam radius stay and the connecting rod being hinged, crossbeam radius stay one end and bearing b are hinged, near the termination of the other end, be hinged with one end of the connecting rod being hinged, hydraulic thrust pull bar b is hinged with the hinged place of the connecting rod being hinged, the other end of the connecting rod being hinged is hinged on bearing b.This scheme is the locking scheme of another kind of bank bridge grider, in the time that bank bridge grider needs lifting, hydraulic thrust pull bar b does not interfere crossbeam radius stay and the positioning step on positioning and locking device b in bank bridge grider lifting process after driving crossbeam radius stay left-hand revolution certain angle, under the drive of large lifting device of girder, realize the lifting of bank bridge grider, in the time that bank bridge grider is elevated to assigned address, drive radius stay rotation clickwise by hydraulic thrust pull bar b again, make crossbeam radius stay on positioning and locking device b rotate to positioning step directly over.Now as when running into bank bridge grider and doing the movement of falling object, positioning and locking device b is locked on positioning step, plays the effect of safety guard-safeguard.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, the positioning and locking device b that is located at bank bridge grider side is 4~32.Be preferably 4,8,12 or 16.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, the range of the distance on bank bridge grider and ground is 25m~65m.Preferably 59m.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, ferry-boat bridge comprises steel structure support, and steel structure support top is provided with track b, and it is upper that ferry-boat dolly is located at track b, and ferry-boat dolly top is provided with switching rail.In ferry-boat, switching rail being set on dolly is in order to be that a bridge transport carriage can be walked smoothly between ferry-boat bridge and a three-dimensional bridge, solve freight container in prior art and be transported to from ferry-boat bridge the problem that the transporting mode of a three-dimensional bridge is lost time, improved dramatically the transport efficacy of freight container in this process.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, a three-dimensional bridge comprises container transshipment device and a bridge steelframe, container transshipment device comprises lifting trolley c, field bridge transport carriage and trackmobile, trackmobile is located at a below for bridge steelframe, field bridge steelframe comprises column, column top is provided with walking beam a and walking beam b, column, walking beam a and walking beam b form a bridge transhipment passage, walking beam a and walking beam b top are equipped with track, walking beam a is located at walking beam b top, the track of walking beam a is provided with more than one lifting trolley c, the track of walking beam b is provided with more than one bridge transport carriage.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, the distance of walking beam a and walking beam b is 4m~10m; Preferably 6m.The distance on walking beam b and ground is 18m~26m, preferably 23m.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, three-dimensional bridge middle part is to extending to form accelerated passage away from coastline direction, and accelerated passage below is longitudinally provided with truck passage or is provided with trackmobile and truck passage.It is in order to make truck enter the below of a three-dimensional bridge, to facilitate the admission of freight container or dredge field that truck passage is set; It is the transition process in order to facilitate freight container that trackmobile is set.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, accelerated passage below is provided with trackmobile and truck passage, and accelerated passage is longitudinally provided with truck rapid transport district away from the below of one end, coastline.It is quick admission or the thin process in order to reach freight container that truck rapid transport district is set.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, truck rapid transport district is provided with trackmobile, automatic track crane, truck passage and trackmobile, and track crane is located at the truck rapid transport district in accelerated passage outside automatically.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, also comprise open storage, be provided with automatic track crane in open storage, open storage below is provided with truck passage and can leads to the trackmobile of a three-dimensional bridge.Automatically track crane can play the effect of the freight container of handling open storage; It is quick admission or the thin process in order to realize freight container that truck passage is set; It is the quick transition process in order to realize freight container that trackmobile is set.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, open storage is located at a side of accelerated passage, runs through accelerated passage and open storage below and is provided with trackmobile and truck passage.
In aforesaid Quayside container movement system, open storage is located at the both sides of accelerated passage, runs through longitudinal trackmobile and truck passage of being provided with of accelerated passage and open storage below.
Compared with conventional art, the invention provides a kind of Quayside container transfer method and movement system efficiently, not only can effectively improve handling and the transition efficiency of freight container by this container transshipment method; By Liftable type three dolly bank bridges, can regulate at any time the terrain clearance of bank bridge grider, the working level of the lifting trolley on bank bridge and the working level of whole bank bridge system are effectively reduced, avoid the impact of external environment on container handling process, and then reduced production, the manufacturing cost and use cost of Quayside container movement system; This invention can directly be sent the field bridge transport carriage that is loaded with freight container into double-deck stereo field bridge by the ferry-boat dolly on ferry-boat bridge in addition, and freight container can be transported to fast to the container stacking district of appointment; Can be by the container transshipment in the bridge of double-deck stereo field to open storage or truck rapid transport district by accelerated passage is set; Can realize longitudinal transhipment of freight container by trackmobile is set, improve the transport efficacy of freight container.In addition, reduce the use amount of truck, solved the problem that truck easily gets congestion on yard and road.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of this Quayside container movement system;
Fig. 2 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing A of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing B of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the topology view of bank bridge;
Fig. 6 is bank bridge grider decline process schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is bank bridge grider uphill process schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is the D-D cutaway view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 9 is a kind of structural representation of crossbeam latching device;
Figure 10 is the F-F cutaway view of Fig. 9 and is bank bridge grider latching device locking state schematic diagram;
Figure 11 is the F-F cutaway view of Fig. 9 and is bank bridge grider latching device open mode schematic diagram;
Figure 12 is the E-E cutaway view of Fig. 9;
Figure 13 be another kind of crossbeam latching device locking state schematic diagram;
Figure 14 is the open mode schematic diagram of the crossbeam latching device shown in Figure 13;
Figure 15 is the partial enlarged drawing C shown in Fig. 1;
Figure 16 is the structural representation of another kind of container transshipment system;
Figure 17 is the B-B cutaway view of Fig. 1.
Being labeled as in accompanying drawing: 1-bank bridge, the 2-bridge of ferrying, the three-dimensional bridge of 3-, 4-accelerated passage, 5-open storage, 6-track a, 7-bank portal frame, 8-bank bridge grider, 10-bank bridge lifting trolley, 11-bank bridge transport carriage, 12-steel structure support, the 13-dolly of ferrying, 14-switching rail, 15-track b, 16-column, 17-walking beam a, 18-walking beam b, 19-lifting trolley c, 20-field bridge transport carriage, 22-trackmobile, the automatic track crane of 23-, 24-truck rapid transport district, 25-truck passage, 26-crossbeam lifting mechanism, 27-crossbeam latching device, 28-door frame column, 29-connecting cross beam a, 30-connecting cross beam b, 31-assembly pulley a, 32-assembly pulley b, 33-truss girder a, 34-truss girder b, 35-saddle beam, 36-crossbeam lifting limit track, 37-positioning and locking device a, the 38-wheels that lead, 39-hydraulic thrust pull bar a, 40-latch, 41-bearing a, 42-positioning step, 43-positioning and locking device b, 44-bearing b, 45-hydraulic thrust pull bar b, 46-crossbeam radius stay, 47-connecting rod, 48-container depot, 49-container transshipment device, 50-field bridge steelframe, 51-field bridge transhipment passage, 52-knock hole.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further illustrated.
Embodiments of the invention 1: a kind of Quayside container transfer method efficiently, it comprise unload a ship, clear out a harbour, the method for transition, admission and shipment;
The process of unloading a ship comprises the steps:
Step 1: in the time that box ship rests in port and pier, more than one bank bridge 1 is walked on track a6, make the one end of the bank bridge grider 8 on bank bridge 1 be positioned at box ship directly over;
Step 2: the bank bridge lifting trolley 10 on bank bridge grider 8 upper stratas starts to hang on the freight container of getting on box ship the bank bridge transport carriage 11 that container crane is placed on to bank bridge grider 8 lower floors, this bank bridge lifting trolley 10 continues to hang next freight container on picking ship, and bank bridge transport carriage 11 is the below to the bank bridge lifting trolley 10 of the other end of bank bridge grider 8 by container transshipment;
Step 3: the bank bridge lifting trolley 10 at this place is placed on container crane on the field bridge transport carriage 20 on ferry-boat dolly 13, now bank bridge transport carriage 11Yan Yuan road is returned and is accessed next freight container, under the control of control system, the track that the ferry-boat dolly 13 that is loaded with a bridge transport carriage 20 runs on the walking beam b18 on the switching rail 14 that makes to ferry on dolly 13 and a three-dimensional bridge 3 of specifying on ferry-boat bridge 2 connects;
Step 4: a bridge transport carriage 20 enters in a three-dimensional bridge 3 along the track on walking beam b18, and run to the top of container depot 48 that freight container is specified, the lifting trolley c19 on three-dimensional bridge 3 upper stratas slings the freight container on field bridge transport carriage 20 and is placed in the container depot 48 that a three-dimensional bridge 3 specifies or container crane is placed on trackmobile 22, trackmobile 22 arrives container transshipment near the container depot 48 of specifying, the lifting trolley c19 of three-dimensional bridge 3 top at this place piles up freight container in the container depot 48 of specifying, the dolly 13 of now ferrying accesses another bridge transport carriage 20 nearby and repeats the above-mentioned case process that connects, the freight container entering on the field bridge transport carriage 20 of three-dimensional bridge 3 is turned back on the ferry-boat dolly 13 on ferry-boat bridge 2 and accesses next freight container by removal Hou Yanyuan road, repeats above-mentioned steps the container transshipment on box ship is interior and complete the process of unloading a ship to a three-dimensional bridge 3.
Transition process comprises the steps:
In take the container transshipment of the container depot 48 of three-dimensional bridge 3 belows to open storage 5, as example, comprise the steps:
Step 1: the lifting trolley c19 on three-dimensional bridge 3 upper strata of the freight container top of the transition of is placed on container crane on the trackmobile 22 of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, trackmobile 22 vertically moves and the below to the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3 by container transshipment, trackmobile 22Yan Yuan returns on road and accesses next freight container, lifting trolley c19 on accelerated passage 4 is herein put container crane on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, transporting container is arrived a three-dimensional bridge 3 and accelerated passage 4 junctions by field bridge transport carriage 20, lifting trolley c19 herein slings freight container and places it on the field bridge transport carriage 20 on accelerated passage 4,
Near step 2: a bridge transport carriage 20 arrives container transshipment the container depot 48 of specifying, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops transports to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of accelerated passage 4 belows, trackmobile 22 is automatic track crane 23 belows to open storage 5 by container transshipment, and track crane 23 is sling freight container to be placed on the container stacking district of appointment automatically;
Freight container need to be from open storage 5 transitions to three-dimensional bridge 3 belows the process in stockyard be that the container transshipment in stockyard of three-dimensional bridge 3 below is to the inverse process of open storage 5 processes.
Dredge a process and comprise following method:
When freight container is dredged field, the automatic track crane 23 of open storage 5 can directly be put the container crane of open storage 5 interior stackings on the truck of truck passage 25 thereunder, realizes quick dredging port process.
In the time evacuating the freight container in three-dimensional bridge 3 stockyard, below, the freight container of bridge 3 belows, double-deck stereo field by lifting trolley c19 and trackmobile 22 and a bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment the assigned address to the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops herein transports to container crane on the truck on the truck passage 25 of accelerated passage 4 belows and transports harbour.
In the time evacuating the freight container of three-dimensional bridge 3 below container depots 48, the freight container of bridge 3 belows, double-deck stereo field by lifting trolley c19 and trackmobile 22 and a bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment the assigned address to the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3, the field bridge transport carriage 20 of accelerated passage 4 tops directly arrives truck rapid transport district 24 by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 of its top transports to container crane on the truck of 24 belows, truck rapid transport district, and freight container is transported container depot 48 by truck;
In the time evacuating the freight container of open storage 5, the automatic track crane 23 of open storage 5 is transported to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of open storage 5 belows, trackmobile 22 is accelerated passage 4 belows to a three-dimensional bridge 3 by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops is put container crane on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment directly over truck rapid transport district 24, the lifting trolley c19 at this place is put freight container on truck thereunder, and freight container is transported open storage 5 by truck.
Admission process comprises following method:
When freight container admission, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the automatic track crane 23 of open storage 5, and track crane 23 is directly piled up freight container in open storage 5 automatically.
The truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops transports to container crane the field bridge transport carriage 20 of lifting trolley c19 below, field bridge transport carriage 20 is container depot 48 tops to appointment by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 of its top transports to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, near trackmobile 22 is specified container transshipment container depot 48 to a three-dimensional bridge 3 belows, lifting trolley c19 herein piles up freight container in the container depot 48 of specifying below a three-dimensional bridge 3.
In the time that freight container need to enter the stockyard of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the truck rapid transport district 24 of accelerated passage 4 belows, lifting trolley c19 by accelerated passage 4 tops slings the freight container resting on the truck in the truck rapid transport district 24 below accelerated passage 4, and put on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, field bridge transport carriage 20 is near the top of container depot 48 to the three-dimensional field bridge 3 of specifying by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 at this place transports to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, trackmobile 22 is near to the container depot 48 of a three-dimensional bridge 3 of specifying by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 at this place piles up freight container in the container depot 48 of specifying,
In the time that freight container need to enter open storage 5, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the truck rapid transport district 24 of accelerated passage 4 belows, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops is put container crane on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment to the top of trackmobile 22 of leading to open storage 5, lifting trolley c19 is herein put container crane on trackmobile 22 thereunder, automatic track crane 23 belows of open storage 5, automatically the container crane that trackmobile 22 is transported to open storage 5 belows by track crane 23 is transported in open storage 5.
A kind of movement system that realizes above-mentioned efficient Quayside container transfer method, comprise more than one bank bridge 1, ferry-boat bridge 2 and a three-dimensional bridge 3, more than one bank bridge 1 is located on the track a6 on harbour bank, ferry-boat bridge 2 is located at the below of bank bridge 1 away from coastline one side, is provided with a three-dimensional bridge 3 away from a side of the ferry-boat bridge 2 in coastline.The number of described bank bridge 1 is 5.Bank bridge 1 comprises bank portal frame 7 and bank bridge grider 8, bank portal frame 7 comprises four door frame columns 28, door frame column 28 belows are connected by connecting cross beam a29, bank bridge grider 8 is located at the inner side of bank portal frame 7 and is connected by crossbeam latching device 27, the inner side on bank bridge grider 8 tops and the outside of bottom are equipped with trolley track, two ends in the inner track on bank bridge grider 8 tops are respectively equipped with bank bridge lifting trolley 10, and the track in the outside of bank bridge grider 8 bottoms is provided with bank bridge transport carriage 11; The top of four door frame columns 28 is parallel is provided with two connecting cross beam b30, the below of connecting cross beam b30 is provided with assembly pulley a31, connecting cross beam a29 is provided with crossbeam lifting mechanism 26, bank bridge grider 8 tops are provided with assembly pulley b32, and the steel rope on crossbeam lifting mechanism 26 is connected with bank bridge grider 8 with assembly pulley b32 by assembly pulley a31.Bank bridge grider 8 is truss structure, and bank bridge grider 8 comprises truss girder a33 and truss girder b34, and truss girder a33 is parallel to each other with truss girder b34 and is connected by 8 saddle beams 35.Crossbeam latching device 27 comprises the positioning step 42 of being located at bank portal frame 7 inner sides and the positioning and locking device b43 that is located at bank bridge grider 8, positioning and locking device b43 comprises the bearing b44 that is fixed on bank bridge grider 8 sides, the hinged hydraulic thrust pull bar b45 with bearing b44 in one end, crossbeam radius stay 46 and the connecting rod 47 being hinged, crossbeam radius stay 46 one end and bearing b44 are hinged, near the termination of the other end, be hinged with one end of the connecting rod 47 being hinged, hydraulic thrust pull bar b45 is hinged with the hinged place of the connecting rod 47 being hinged, the other end of the connecting rod 47 being hinged is hinged on bearing b44.The positioning and locking device b43 that is located at bank bridge grider 8 sides is 8.Described bank bridge grider 8 is 25m~65m with the range of the distance on ground.Described ferry-boat bridge 2 comprises steel structure support 12, and steel structure support 12 tops are provided with track b15, and it is upper that ferry-boat dolly 13 is located at track b15, and ferry-boat dolly 13 tops are provided with switching rail 14.A described three-dimensional bridge 3 comprises container transshipment device 49 and a bridge steelframe 50, container transshipment device 49 comprises lifting trolley c19, field bridge transport carriage 20 and trackmobile 22, trackmobile 22 is located at a below for bridge steelframe 50, field bridge steelframe 50 comprises column 16, column 16 tops are provided with walking beam a17 and walking beam b18, column 16, walking beam a17 forms parallel field bridge transhipment passage 51 with walking beam b18, walking beam a17 and walking beam b18 top are equipped with track, walking beam a17 is located at walking beam b18 top, the track of walking beam a17 is provided with more than one lifting trolley c19, the track of walking beam b18 is provided with more than one bridge transport carriage 20.The distance of described walking beam a17 and walking beam b18 is 6m; Described walking beam b18 and the distance on ground are 23m.Described three-dimensional bridge 3 middle part are to extending to form accelerated passage 4 away from coastline direction, and accelerated passage 4 belows are longitudinally provided with truck passage 25 or parallel trackmobile 22 and the truck passage 25 of being provided with.Accelerated passage 4 belows are provided with trackmobile 22 and truck passage 25, and accelerated passage 4 is longitudinally provided with truck rapid transport district 24 away from the below of one end, coastline.Described truck rapid transport district 24 is parallel to coastline direction and is provided with trackmobile 22, automatic track crane 23, truck passage 25 and trackmobile 22, and track crane 23 is located at the truck rapid transport district 24 in accelerated passage 4 outsides automatically.Described bank bridge system also comprises open storage 5, is provided with automatic track crane 23 in open storage 5, is parallel to the trackmobile 22 that direction open storage 5 belows, coastline are provided with truck passage 25 and can lead to a three-dimensional bridge 3.Open storage 5 is located at the both sides of accelerated passage 4, runs through longitudinal trackmobile 22 and truck passage 25 of being provided with of accelerated passage 4 and open storage 5 belows.
Embodiments of the invention 2: a kind of Quayside container transfer method efficiently, it comprise unload a ship, clear out a harbour, the method for transition, admission and shipment;
The process of unloading a ship comprises the steps:
Step 1: in the time that box ship rests in port and pier, more than one bank bridge 1 is walked on track a6, make the one end of the bank bridge grider 8 on bank bridge 1 be positioned at box ship directly over;
Step 2: the bank bridge lifting trolley 10 on bank bridge grider 8 upper stratas starts to hang on the freight container of getting on box ship the bank bridge transport carriage 11 that container crane is placed on to bank bridge grider 8 lower floors, this bank bridge lifting trolley 10 continues to hang next freight container on picking ship, and bank bridge transport carriage 11 is the below to the bank bridge lifting trolley 10 of the other end of bank bridge grider 8 by container transshipment;
Step 3: the bank bridge lifting trolley 10 at this place is placed on container crane on the field bridge transport carriage 20 on ferry-boat dolly 13, now bank bridge transport carriage 11Yan Yuan road is returned and is accessed next freight container, under the control of control system, the track that the ferry-boat dolly 13 that is loaded with a bridge transport carriage 20 runs on the walking beam b18 on the switching rail 14 that makes to ferry on dolly 13 and a three-dimensional bridge 3 of specifying on ferry-boat bridge 2 connects;
Step 4: a bridge transport carriage 20 enters in a three-dimensional bridge 3 along the track on walking beam b18, and run to the top of container depot 48 that freight container is specified, the lifting trolley c19 on three-dimensional bridge 3 upper stratas slings the freight container on field bridge transport carriage 20 and is placed in the container depot 48 that a three-dimensional bridge 3 specifies or container crane is placed on trackmobile 22, trackmobile 22 arrives container transshipment near the container depot 48 of specifying, the lifting trolley c19 of three-dimensional bridge 3 top at this place piles up freight container in the container depot 48 of specifying, the dolly 13 of now ferrying accesses another bridge transport carriage 20 nearby and repeats the above-mentioned case process that connects, the freight container entering on the field bridge transport carriage 20 of three-dimensional bridge 3 is turned back on the ferry-boat dolly 13 on ferry-boat bridge 2 and accesses next freight container by removal Hou Yanyuan road, repeats above-mentioned steps the container transshipment on box ship is interior and complete the process of unloading a ship to a three-dimensional bridge 3.
Transition process comprises the steps:
In take the container transshipment of the container depot 48 of three-dimensional bridge 3 belows to open storage 5, as example, comprise the steps:
Step 1: the lifting trolley c19 on three-dimensional bridge 3 upper strata of the freight container top of the transition of is placed on container crane on the trackmobile 22 of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, trackmobile 22 vertically moves and the below to the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3 by container transshipment, trackmobile 22Yan Yuan returns on road and accesses next freight container, lifting trolley c19 on accelerated passage 4 is herein put container crane on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, transporting container is arrived a three-dimensional bridge 3 and accelerated passage 4 junctions by field bridge transport carriage 20, lifting trolley c19 herein slings freight container and places it on the field bridge transport carriage 20 on accelerated passage 4,
Near step 2: a bridge transport carriage 20 arrives container transshipment the container depot 48 of specifying, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops transports to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of accelerated passage 4 belows, trackmobile 22 is automatic track crane 23 belows to open storage 5 by container transshipment, and track crane 23 is sling freight container to be placed on the container stacking district of appointment automatically;
Freight container need to be from open storage 5 transitions to three-dimensional bridge 3 belows the process in stockyard be that the container transshipment in stockyard of three-dimensional bridge 3 below is to the inverse process of open storage 5 processes.
Dredge a process and comprise following method:
When freight container is dredged field, the automatic track crane 23 of open storage 5 can directly be put the container crane of open storage 5 interior stackings on the truck of truck passage 25 thereunder, realizes quick dredging port process.
In the time evacuating the freight container in three-dimensional bridge 3 stockyard, below, the freight container of bridge 3 belows, double-deck stereo field by lifting trolley c19 and trackmobile 22 and a bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment the assigned address to the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops herein transports to container crane on the truck on the truck passage 25 of accelerated passage 4 belows and transports harbour.
In the time evacuating the freight container of three-dimensional bridge 3 below container depots 48, the freight container of bridge 3 belows, double-deck stereo field by lifting trolley c19 and trackmobile 22 and a bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment the assigned address to the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3, the field bridge transport carriage 20 of accelerated passage 4 tops directly arrives truck rapid transport district 24 by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 of its top transports to container crane on the truck of 24 belows, truck rapid transport district, and freight container is transported container depot 48 by truck;
In the time evacuating the freight container of open storage 5, the automatic track crane 23 of open storage 5 is transported to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of open storage 5 belows, trackmobile 22 is accelerated passage 4 belows to a three-dimensional bridge 3 by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops is put container crane on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment directly over truck rapid transport district 24, the lifting trolley c19 at this place is put freight container on truck thereunder, and freight container is transported open storage 5 by truck.
Admission process comprises following method:
When freight container admission, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the automatic track crane 23 of open storage 5, and track crane 23 is directly piled up freight container in open storage 5 automatically.
The truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops transports to container crane the field bridge transport carriage 20 of lifting trolley c19 below, field bridge transport carriage 20 is container depot 48 tops to appointment by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 of its top transports to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, near trackmobile 22 is specified container transshipment container depot 48 to a three-dimensional bridge 3 belows, lifting trolley c19 herein piles up freight container in the container depot 48 of specifying below a three-dimensional bridge 3.
In the time that freight container need to enter the stockyard of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the truck rapid transport district 24 of accelerated passage 4 belows, lifting trolley c19 by accelerated passage 4 tops slings the freight container resting on the truck in the truck rapid transport district 24 below accelerated passage 4, and put on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, field bridge transport carriage 20 is near the top of container depot 48 to the three-dimensional field bridge 3 of specifying by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 at this place transports to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, trackmobile 22 is near to the container depot 48 of a three-dimensional bridge 3 of specifying by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 at this place piles up freight container in the container depot 48 of specifying,
In the time that freight container need to enter open storage 5, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the truck rapid transport district 24 of accelerated passage 4 belows, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops is put container crane on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment to the top of trackmobile 22 of leading to open storage 5, lifting trolley c19 is herein put container crane on trackmobile 22 thereunder, automatic track crane 23 belows of open storage 5, automatically the container crane that trackmobile 22 is transported to open storage 5 belows by track crane 23 is transported in open storage 5.
A kind of movement system that realizes above-mentioned efficient Quayside container transfer method, comprise more than one bank bridge 1, ferry-boat bridge 2 and a three-dimensional bridge 3, more than one bank bridge 1 is located on the track a6 on harbour bank, ferry-boat bridge 2 is located at the below of bank bridge 1 away from coastline one side, is provided with a three-dimensional bridge 3 away from a side of the ferry-boat bridge 2 in coastline.The number of described bank bridge 1 is 6.Bank bridge 1 comprises bank portal frame 7 and bank bridge grider 8, bank portal frame 7 comprises four door frame columns 28, door frame column 28 belows are connected by connecting cross beam a29, bank bridge grider 8 is located at the inner side of bank portal frame 7 and is connected by crossbeam latching device 27, the inner side on bank bridge grider 8 tops and the outside of bottom are equipped with trolley track, two ends in the inner track on bank bridge grider 8 tops are respectively equipped with bank bridge lifting trolley 10, and the track in the outside of bank bridge grider 8 bottoms is provided with bank bridge transport carriage 11; The top of four door frame columns 28 is provided with two connecting cross beam b30, the below of connecting cross beam b30 is provided with assembly pulley a31, connecting cross beam a29 is provided with crossbeam lifting mechanism 26, bank bridge grider 8 tops are provided with assembly pulley b32, and the steel rope on crossbeam lifting mechanism 26 is connected with bank bridge grider 8 with assembly pulley b32 by assembly pulley a31.Bank bridge grider 8 is truss structure, and bank bridge grider 8 comprises truss girder a33 and truss girder b34, and truss girder a33 is parallel to each other with truss girder b34 and is connected by 5 saddle beams 35.Crossbeam latching device 27 comprises the positioning step 42 of being located at bank portal frame 7 inner sides and the positioning and locking device b43 that is located at bank bridge grider 8, positioning and locking device b43 comprises the bearing b44 that is fixed on bank bridge grider 8 sides, the hinged hydraulic thrust pull bar b45 with bearing b44 in one end, crossbeam radius stay 46 and the connecting rod 47 being hinged, crossbeam radius stay 46 one end and bearing b44 are hinged, near the termination of the other end, be hinged with one end of the connecting rod 47 being hinged, hydraulic thrust pull bar b45 is hinged with the hinged place of the connecting rod 47 being hinged, the other end of the connecting rod 47 being hinged is hinged on bearing b44.The positioning and locking device b43 that is located at bank bridge grider 8 sides is 8.Described bank bridge grider 8 is 25m~65m with the range of the distance on ground.Described ferry-boat bridge 2 comprises steel structure support 12, and steel structure support 12 tops are provided with track b15, and it is upper that ferry-boat dolly 13 is located at track b15, and ferry-boat dolly 13 tops are provided with switching rail 14.A described three-dimensional bridge 3 comprises container transshipment device 49 and a bridge steelframe 50, container transshipment device 49 comprises lifting trolley c19, field bridge transport carriage 20 and trackmobile 22, trackmobile 22 is located at a below for bridge steelframe 50, field bridge steelframe 50 comprises column 16, column 16 tops are provided with walking beam a17 and walking beam b18, column 16, walking beam a17 and walking beam b18 form a bridge transhipment passage 51, walking beam a17 and walking beam b18 top are equipped with track, walking beam a17 is located at walking beam b18 top, the track of walking beam a17 is provided with more than one lifting trolley c19, the track of walking beam b18 is provided with more than one bridge transport carriage 20.The distance of described walking beam a17 and walking beam b18 is 8m; Described walking beam b18 and the distance on ground are 18m.Described three-dimensional bridge 3 middle part are to extending to form accelerated passage 4 away from coastline direction, and accelerated passage 4 belows are longitudinally provided with truck passage 25 or are provided with trackmobile 22 and truck passage 25.Accelerated passage 4 belows are provided with trackmobile 22 and truck passage 25, and accelerated passage 4 is longitudinally provided with truck rapid transport district 24 away from the below of one end, coastline.Described truck rapid transport district 24 is provided with trackmobile 22, automatic track crane 23, truck passage 25 and trackmobile 22, and track crane 23 is located at the truck rapid transport district 24 in accelerated passage 4 outsides automatically.Described bank bridge system also comprises open storage 5, is provided with automatic track crane 23 in open storage 5, and open storage 5 belows are provided with truck passage 25 and can lead to the trackmobile 22 of a three-dimensional bridge 3.Open storage 5 is located at the both sides of accelerated passage 4, runs through longitudinal trackmobile 22 and truck passage 25 of being provided with of accelerated passage 4 and open storage 5 belows.
Embodiments of the invention 3: a kind of Quayside container transfer method efficiently, it comprise unload a ship, clear out a harbour, the method for transition, admission and shipment;
The process of unloading a ship comprises the steps:
Step 1: in the time that box ship rests in port and pier, more than one bank bridge 1 is walked on track a6, make the one end of the bank bridge grider 8 on bank bridge 1 be positioned at box ship directly over;
Step 2: the bank bridge lifting trolley 10 on bank bridge grider 8 upper stratas starts to hang on the freight container of getting on box ship the bank bridge transport carriage 11 that container crane is placed on to bank bridge grider 8 lower floors, this bank bridge lifting trolley 10 continues to hang next freight container on picking ship, and bank bridge transport carriage 11 is the below to the bank bridge lifting trolley 10 of the other end of bank bridge grider 8 by container transshipment;
Step 3: the bank bridge lifting trolley 10 at this place is placed on container crane on the field bridge transport carriage 20 on ferry-boat dolly 13, now bank bridge transport carriage 11Yan Yuan road is returned and is accessed next freight container, under the control of control system, the track that the ferry-boat dolly 13 that is loaded with a bridge transport carriage 20 runs on the walking beam b18 on the switching rail 14 that makes to ferry on dolly 13 and a three-dimensional bridge 3 of specifying on ferry-boat bridge 2 connects;
Step 4: a bridge transport carriage 20 enters in a three-dimensional bridge 3 along the track on walking beam b18, and run to the top of container depot 48 that freight container is specified, the lifting trolley c19 on three-dimensional bridge 3 upper stratas slings the freight container on field bridge transport carriage 20 and is placed in the container depot 48 that a three-dimensional bridge 3 specifies or container crane is placed on trackmobile 22, trackmobile 22 arrives container transshipment near the container depot 48 of specifying, the lifting trolley c19 of three-dimensional bridge 3 top at this place piles up freight container in the container depot 48 of specifying, the dolly 13 of now ferrying accesses another bridge transport carriage 20 nearby and repeats the above-mentioned case process that connects, the freight container entering on the field bridge transport carriage 20 of three-dimensional bridge 3 is turned back on the ferry-boat dolly 13 on ferry-boat bridge 2 and accesses next freight container by removal Hou Yanyuan road, repeats above-mentioned steps the container transshipment on box ship is interior and complete the process of unloading a ship to a three-dimensional bridge 3.
Transition process comprises the steps:
In take the container transshipment of the container depot 48 of three-dimensional bridge 3 belows to open storage 5, as example, comprise the steps:
Step 1: the lifting trolley c19 on three-dimensional bridge 3 upper strata of the freight container top of the transition of is placed on container crane on the trackmobile 22 of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, trackmobile 22 vertically moves and the below to the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3 by container transshipment, trackmobile 22Yan Yuan returns on road and accesses next freight container, lifting trolley c19 on accelerated passage 4 is herein put container crane on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, transporting container is arrived a three-dimensional bridge 3 and accelerated passage 4 junctions by field bridge transport carriage 20, lifting trolley c19 herein slings freight container and places it on the field bridge transport carriage 20 on accelerated passage 4,
Near step 2: a bridge transport carriage 20 arrives container transshipment the container depot 48 of specifying, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops transports to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of accelerated passage 4 belows, trackmobile 22 is automatic track crane 23 belows to open storage 5 by container transshipment, and track crane 23 is sling freight container to be placed on the container stacking district of appointment automatically;
Freight container need to be from open storage 5 transitions to three-dimensional bridge 3 belows the process in stockyard be that the container transshipment in stockyard of three-dimensional bridge 3 below is to the inverse process of open storage 5 processes.
Dredge a process and comprise following method:
When freight container is dredged field, the automatic track crane 23 of open storage 5 can directly be put the container crane of open storage 5 interior stackings on the truck of truck passage 25 thereunder, realizes quick dredging port process.
In the time evacuating the freight container in three-dimensional bridge 3 stockyard, below, the freight container of bridge 3 belows, double-deck stereo field by lifting trolley c19 and trackmobile 22 and a bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment the assigned address to the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops herein transports to container crane on the truck on the truck passage 25 of accelerated passage 4 belows and transports harbour.
In the time evacuating the freight container of three-dimensional bridge 3 below container depots 48, the freight container of bridge 3 belows, double-deck stereo field by lifting trolley c19 and trackmobile 22 and a bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment the assigned address to the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3, the field bridge transport carriage 20 of accelerated passage 4 tops directly arrives truck rapid transport district 24 by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 of its top transports to container crane on the truck of 24 belows, truck rapid transport district, and freight container is transported container depot 48 by truck;
In the time evacuating the freight container of open storage 5, the automatic track crane 23 of open storage 5 is transported to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of open storage 5 belows, trackmobile 22 is accelerated passage 4 belows to a three-dimensional bridge 3 by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops is put container crane on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment directly over truck rapid transport district 24, the lifting trolley c19 at this place is put freight container on truck thereunder, and freight container is transported open storage 5 by truck.
Admission process comprises following method:
When freight container admission, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the automatic track crane 23 of open storage 5, and track crane 23 is directly piled up freight container in open storage 5 automatically.
The truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops transports to container crane the field bridge transport carriage 20 of lifting trolley c19 below, field bridge transport carriage 20 is container depot 48 tops to appointment by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 of its top transports to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, near trackmobile 22 is specified container transshipment container depot 48 to a three-dimensional bridge 3 belows, lifting trolley c19 herein piles up freight container in the container depot 48 of specifying below a three-dimensional bridge 3.
In the time that freight container need to enter the stockyard of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the truck rapid transport district 24 of accelerated passage 4 belows, lifting trolley c19 by accelerated passage 4 tops slings the freight container resting on the truck in the truck rapid transport district 24 below accelerated passage 4, and put on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, field bridge transport carriage 20 is near the top of container depot 48 to the three-dimensional field bridge 3 of specifying by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 at this place transports to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, trackmobile 22 is near to the container depot 48 of a three-dimensional bridge 3 of specifying by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 at this place piles up freight container in the container depot 48 of specifying,
In the time that freight container need to enter open storage 5, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the truck rapid transport district 24 of accelerated passage 4 belows, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops is put container crane on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment to the top of trackmobile 22 of leading to open storage 5, lifting trolley c19 is herein put container crane on trackmobile 22 thereunder, automatic track crane 23 belows of open storage 5, automatically the container crane that trackmobile 22 is transported to open storage 5 belows by track crane 23 is transported in open storage 5.
A kind of movement system that realizes above-mentioned efficient Quayside container transfer method, comprise more than one bank bridge 1, ferry-boat bridge 2 and a three-dimensional bridge 3, more than one bank bridge 1 is located on the track a6 on harbour bank, ferry-boat bridge 2 is located at the below of bank bridge 1 away from coastline one side, is provided with a three-dimensional bridge 3 away from a side of the ferry-boat bridge 2 in coastline.The number of described bank bridge 1 is 6.Bank bridge 1 comprises bank portal frame 7 and bank bridge grider 8, bank portal frame 7 comprises four door frame columns 28, door frame column 28 belows are connected by connecting cross beam a29, bank bridge grider 8 is located at the inner side of bank portal frame 7 and is connected by crossbeam latching device 27, the inner side on bank bridge grider 8 tops and the outside of bottom are equipped with trolley track, two ends in the inner track on bank bridge grider 8 tops are respectively equipped with bank bridge lifting trolley 10, and the track in the outside of bank bridge grider 8 bottoms is provided with bank bridge transport carriage 11; The top of four door frame columns 28 is provided with two connecting cross beam b30, the below of connecting cross beam b30 is provided with assembly pulley a31, connecting cross beam a29 is provided with crossbeam lifting mechanism 26, bank bridge grider 8 tops are provided with assembly pulley b32, and the steel rope on crossbeam lifting mechanism 26 is connected with bank bridge grider 8 with assembly pulley b32 by assembly pulley a31.Bank bridge grider 8 is truss structure, and bank bridge grider 8 comprises truss girder a33 and truss girder b34, and truss girder a33 is parallel to each other with truss girder b34 and is connected by 5 saddle beams 35.Crossbeam latching device 27 comprises the positioning step 42 of being located at bank portal frame 7 inner sides and the positioning and locking device b43 that is located at bank bridge grider 8, positioning and locking device b43 comprises the bearing b44 that is fixed on bank bridge grider 8 sides, the hinged hydraulic thrust pull bar b45 with bearing b44 in one end, crossbeam radius stay 46 and the connecting rod 47 being hinged, crossbeam radius stay 46 one end and bearing b44 are hinged, near the termination of the other end, be hinged with one end of the connecting rod 47 being hinged, hydraulic thrust pull bar b45 is hinged with the hinged place of the connecting rod 47 being hinged, the other end of the connecting rod 47 being hinged is hinged on bearing b44.The positioning and locking device b43 that is located at bank bridge grider 8 sides is 8.Described bank bridge grider 8 is 25m~65m with the range of the distance on ground.Described ferry-boat bridge 2 comprises steel structure support 12, and steel structure support 12 tops are provided with track b15, and it is upper that ferry-boat dolly 13 is located at track b15, and ferry-boat dolly 13 tops are provided with switching rail 14.A described three-dimensional bridge 3 comprises container transshipment device 49 and a bridge steelframe 50, container transshipment device 49 comprises lifting trolley c19, field bridge transport carriage 20 and trackmobile 22, trackmobile 22 is located at a below for bridge steelframe 50, field bridge steelframe 50 comprises column 16, column 16 tops are provided with walking beam a17 and walking beam b18, column 16, walking beam a17 and walking beam b18 form a bridge transhipment passage 51, walking beam a17 and walking beam b18 top are equipped with track, walking beam a17 is located at walking beam b18 top, the track of walking beam a17 is provided with more than one lifting trolley c19, the track of walking beam b18 is provided with more than one bridge transport carriage 20.The distance of described walking beam a17 and walking beam b18 is 8m; Described walking beam b18 and the distance on ground are 26m.Described three-dimensional bridge 3 middle part are to extending to form accelerated passage 4 away from coastline direction, and accelerated passage 4 belows are longitudinally provided with truck passage 25 or are provided with trackmobile 22 and truck passage 25.Accelerated passage 4 belows are provided with trackmobile 22 and truck passage 25, and accelerated passage 4 is longitudinally provided with truck rapid transport district 24 away from the below of one end, coastline.Described truck rapid transport district 24 is provided with trackmobile 22, automatic track crane 23, truck passage 25 and trackmobile 22, and track crane 23 is located at the truck rapid transport district 24 in accelerated passage 4 outsides automatically.Described bank bridge system also comprises open storage 5, is provided with automatic track crane 23 in open storage 5, and open storage 5 belows are provided with truck passage 25 and can lead to the trackmobile 22 of a three-dimensional bridge 3.Described open storage 5 is located at a side of accelerated passage 4, runs through accelerated passage 4 and open storage 5 belows are provided with trackmobile 22 and truck passage 25.
Embodiments of the invention 4: a kind of Quayside container transfer method efficiently, it comprise unload a ship, clear out a harbour, the method for transition, admission and shipment;
The process of unloading a ship comprises the steps:
Step 1: in the time that box ship rests in port and pier, more than one bank bridge 1 is walked on track a6, make the one end of the bank bridge grider 8 on bank bridge 1 be positioned at box ship directly over;
Step 2: the bank bridge lifting trolley 10 on bank bridge grider 8 upper stratas starts to hang on the freight container of getting on box ship the bank bridge transport carriage 11 that container crane is placed on to bank bridge grider 8 lower floors, this bank bridge lifting trolley 10 continues to hang next freight container on picking ship, and bank bridge transport carriage 11 is the below to the bank bridge lifting trolley 10 of the other end of bank bridge grider 8 by container transshipment;
Step 3: the bank bridge lifting trolley 10 at this place is placed on container crane on the field bridge transport carriage 20 on ferry-boat dolly 13, now bank bridge transport carriage 11Yan Yuan road is returned and is accessed next freight container, under the control of control system, the track that the ferry-boat dolly 13 that is loaded with a bridge transport carriage 20 runs on the walking beam b18 on the switching rail 14 that makes to ferry on dolly 13 and a three-dimensional bridge 3 of specifying on ferry-boat bridge 2 connects;
Step 4: a bridge transport carriage 20 enters in a three-dimensional bridge 3 along the track on walking beam b18, and run to the top of container depot 48 that freight container is specified, the lifting trolley c19 on three-dimensional bridge 3 upper stratas slings the freight container on field bridge transport carriage 20 and is placed in the container depot 48 that a three-dimensional bridge 3 specifies or container crane is placed on trackmobile 22, trackmobile 22 arrives container transshipment near the container depot 48 of specifying, the lifting trolley c19 of three-dimensional bridge 3 top at this place piles up freight container in the container depot 48 of specifying, the dolly 13 of now ferrying accesses another bridge transport carriage 20 nearby and repeats the above-mentioned case process that connects, the freight container entering on the field bridge transport carriage 20 of three-dimensional bridge 3 is turned back on the ferry-boat dolly 13 on ferry-boat bridge 2 and accesses next freight container by removal Hou Yanyuan road, repeats above-mentioned steps the container transshipment on box ship is interior and complete the process of unloading a ship to a three-dimensional bridge 3.
Transition process comprises the steps:
In take the container transshipment of the container depot 48 of three-dimensional bridge 3 belows to open storage 5, as example, comprise the steps:
Step 1: the lifting trolley c19 on three-dimensional bridge 3 upper strata of the freight container top of the transition of is placed on container crane on the trackmobile 22 of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, trackmobile 22 vertically moves and the below to the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3 by container transshipment, trackmobile 22Yan Yuan returns on road and accesses next freight container, lifting trolley c19 on accelerated passage 4 is herein put container crane on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, transporting container is arrived a three-dimensional bridge 3 and accelerated passage 4 junctions by field bridge transport carriage 20, lifting trolley c19 herein slings freight container and places it on the field bridge transport carriage 20 on accelerated passage 4,
Near step 2: a bridge transport carriage 20 arrives container transshipment the container depot 48 of specifying, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops transports to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of accelerated passage 4 belows, trackmobile 22 is automatic track crane 23 belows to open storage 5 by container transshipment, and track crane 23 is sling freight container to be placed on the container stacking district of appointment automatically;
Freight container need to be from open storage 5 transitions to three-dimensional bridge 3 belows the process in stockyard be that the container transshipment in stockyard of three-dimensional bridge 3 below is to the inverse process of open storage 5 processes.
Dredge a process and comprise following method:
When freight container is dredged field, the automatic track crane 23 of open storage 5 can directly be put the container crane of open storage 5 interior stackings on the truck of truck passage 25 thereunder, realizes quick dredging port process.
In the time evacuating the freight container in three-dimensional bridge 3 stockyard, below, the freight container of bridge 3 belows, double-deck stereo field by lifting trolley c19 and trackmobile 22 and a bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment the assigned address to the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops herein transports to container crane on the truck on the truck passage 25 of accelerated passage 4 belows and transports harbour.
In the time evacuating the freight container of three-dimensional bridge 3 below container depots 48, the freight container of bridge 3 belows, double-deck stereo field by lifting trolley c19 and trackmobile 22 and a bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment the assigned address to the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3, the field bridge transport carriage 20 of accelerated passage 4 tops directly arrives truck rapid transport district 24 by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 of its top transports to container crane on the truck of 24 belows, truck rapid transport district, and freight container is transported container depot 48 by truck;
In the time evacuating the freight container of open storage 5, the automatic track crane 23 of open storage 5 is transported to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of open storage 5 belows, trackmobile 22 is accelerated passage 4 belows to a three-dimensional bridge 3 by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops is put container crane on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment directly over truck rapid transport district 24, the lifting trolley c19 at this place is put freight container on truck thereunder, and freight container is transported open storage 5 by truck.
Admission process comprises following method:
When freight container admission, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the automatic track crane 23 of open storage 5, and track crane 23 is directly piled up freight container in open storage 5 automatically.
The truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the accelerated passage 4 of a three-dimensional bridge 3, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops transports to container crane the field bridge transport carriage 20 of lifting trolley c19 below, field bridge transport carriage 20 is container depot 48 tops to appointment by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 of its top transports to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, near trackmobile 22 is specified container transshipment container depot 48 to a three-dimensional bridge 3 belows, lifting trolley c19 herein piles up freight container in the container depot 48 of specifying below a three-dimensional bridge 3.
In the time that freight container need to enter the stockyard of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the truck rapid transport district 24 of accelerated passage 4 belows, lifting trolley c19 by accelerated passage 4 tops slings the freight container resting on the truck in the truck rapid transport district 24 below accelerated passage 4, and put on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, field bridge transport carriage 20 is near the top of container depot 48 to the three-dimensional field bridge 3 of specifying by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 at this place transports to container crane on the trackmobile 22 of three-dimensional bridge 3 below, trackmobile 22 is near to the container depot 48 of a three-dimensional bridge 3 of specifying by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c19 at this place piles up freight container in the container depot 48 of specifying,
In the time that freight container need to enter open storage 5, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the truck rapid transport district 24 of accelerated passage 4 belows, the lifting trolley c19 of accelerated passage 4 tops is put container crane on field bridge transport carriage 20 thereunder, bridge transport carriage 20 by container transshipment to the top of trackmobile 22 of leading to open storage 5, lifting trolley c19 is herein put container crane on trackmobile 22 thereunder, automatic track crane 23 belows of open storage 5, automatically the container crane that trackmobile 22 is transported to open storage 5 belows by track crane 23 is transported in open storage 5.
A kind of movement system that realizes above-mentioned efficient Quayside container transfer method, comprise more than one bank bridge 1, ferry-boat bridge 2 and a three-dimensional bridge 3, more than one bank bridge 1 is located on the track a6 on harbour bank, ferry-boat bridge 2 is located at the below of bank bridge 1 away from coastline one side, is provided with a three-dimensional bridge 3 away from a side of the ferry-boat bridge 2 in coastline.The number of described bank bridge 1 is 6.Bank bridge 1 comprises bank portal frame 7 and bank bridge grider 8, bank portal frame 7 comprises four door frame columns 28, door frame column 28 belows are connected by connecting cross beam a29, bank bridge grider 8 is located at the inner side of bank portal frame 7 and is connected by crossbeam latching device 27, the inner side on bank bridge grider 8 tops and the outside of bottom are equipped with trolley track, two ends in the inner track on bank bridge grider 8 tops are respectively equipped with bank bridge lifting trolley 10, and the track in the outside of bank bridge grider 8 bottoms is provided with bank bridge transport carriage 11; The top of four door frame columns 28 is provided with two connecting cross beam b30, the below of connecting cross beam b30 is provided with assembly pulley a31, connecting cross beam a29 is provided with crossbeam lifting mechanism 26, bank bridge grider 8 tops are provided with assembly pulley b32, and the steel rope on crossbeam lifting mechanism 26 is connected with bank bridge grider 8 with assembly pulley b32 by assembly pulley a31.Bank bridge grider 8 is truss structure, and bank bridge grider 8 comprises truss girder a33 and truss girder b34, and truss girder a33 is parallel to each other with truss girder b34 and is connected by 5 saddle beams 35.Described crossbeam latching device 27 comprises the crossbeam lifting limit track 36 of bank portal frame 7 inner sides and is located at the positioning and locking device a37 of bank bridge grider 8 sides, positioning and locking device a37 comprises guiding wheels 38, hydraulic thrust pull bar a39 and is fixed on the bearing a41 of bank bridge grider 8 sides, the termination of hydraulic thrust pull bar a39 is provided with latch 40, and the vertical direction of crossbeam lifting limit track 36 is provided with multiple knock holees 52.The positioning and locking device a37 that is located at bank bridge grider 8 sides is 4 or 8.Described bank bridge grider 8 is 25m~65m with the range of the distance on ground.Described ferry-boat bridge 2 comprises steel structure support 12, and steel structure support 12 tops are provided with track b15, and it is upper that ferry-boat dolly 13 is located at track b15, and ferry-boat dolly 13 tops are provided with switching rail 14.A described three-dimensional bridge 3 comprises container transshipment device 49 and a bridge steelframe 50, container transshipment device 49 comprises lifting trolley c19, field bridge transport carriage 20 and trackmobile 22, trackmobile 22 is located at a below for bridge steelframe 50, field bridge steelframe 50 comprises column 16, column 16 tops are provided with walking beam a17 and walking beam b18, column 16, walking beam a17 and walking beam b18 form a bridge transhipment passage 51, walking beam a17 and walking beam b18 top are equipped with track, walking beam a17 is located at walking beam b18 top, the track of walking beam a17 is provided with more than one lifting trolley c19, the track of walking beam b18 is provided with more than one bridge transport carriage 20.The distance of described walking beam a17 and walking beam b18 is 8m; Described walking beam b18 and the distance on ground are 20m.Described three-dimensional bridge 3 middle part are to extending to form accelerated passage 4 away from coastline direction, and accelerated passage 4 belows are longitudinally provided with truck passage 25 or are provided with trackmobile 22 and truck passage 25.Accelerated passage 4 belows are provided with trackmobile 22 and truck passage 25, and accelerated passage 4 is longitudinally provided with truck rapid transport district 24 away from the below of one end, coastline.Described truck rapid transport district 24 is provided with trackmobile 22, automatic track crane 23, truck passage 25 and trackmobile 22, and track crane 23 is located at the truck rapid transport district 24 in accelerated passage 4 outsides automatically.Described bank bridge system also comprises open storage 5, is provided with automatic track crane 23 in open storage 5, and open storage 5 belows are provided with truck passage 25 and can lead to the trackmobile 22 of a three-dimensional bridge 3.Described open storage 5 is located at the both sides of accelerated passage 4, runs through longitudinal trackmobile 22 and truck passage 25 of being provided with of accelerated passage 4 and open storage 5 belows.

Claims (46)

1. an efficient Quayside container transfer method, it comprise unload a ship, clear out a harbour, the method for transition, admission and shipment, it is characterized in that: in the time that box ship rests in port and pier, regulate the position of more than one bank bridge (1), make the one end of the bank bridge grider (8) on bank bridge (1) be positioned at box ship directly over, more than one bank bridge (1) arrives container transshipment on the ferry-boat dolly (13) on ferry-boat bridge (2) by the bank bridge lifting trolley (10) on bank bridge grider (8) and bank bridge transport carriage (11) respectively separately, ferry-boat dolly (13) is ferried after assigned address, the container transshipment that to ferry on dolly (13) by the container transshipment device (49) of three-dimensional bridge (3) is in the container depot (48) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below of specifying, repeat said process and realize the process of unloading a ship of freight container,
In the time that needs are cleared out a harbour, container transshipment device (49) by three-dimensional bridge (3) by the container transshipment in the container depot (48) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below to three-dimensional bridge (3) below etc. on the truck of case waiting, realize the process of clearing out a harbour of three-dimensional bridge (3);
In the time of freight container admission, truck rests in solid bridge (3) below, container transshipment is arrived in the container depot (48) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below of specifying by the container transshipment device (49) of three-dimensional bridge (3);
Its shipment process is the inverse process of the process of unloading a ship;
Described bank bridge (1), ferry-boat bridge (2) and three-dimensional bridge (3) are all controlled by control system.
2. efficient Quayside container transfer method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in order to improve the efficiency of handling ship of freight container, also comprise the lifting process of the bank bridge grider (8) on bank bridge (1), at handling ship time, regulate successively the height of the bank bridge grider (8) on more than one bank bridge (1), the good laggard luggage ship-discharging operation of height adjustment.
3. efficient Quayside container transfer method according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the process of unloading a ship comprises the steps:
Step 1: in the time that box ship rests in port and pier, more than one bank bridge (1) is at track a(6) upper walking, make the one end of the bank bridge grider (8) on bank bridge (1) be positioned at box ship directly over, then regulate successively the distance of the freight container of highest point on bank bridge grider (8) and box ship, after height adjustment is good, bank bridge grider (8) is locked on bank portal frame (7);
Step 2: it is upper that the bank bridge lifting trolley (10) on bank bridge grider (8) is transported to container crane in ferry-boat dolly (13) on the ferry-boat bridge (2) of bank bridge (1) below, and in the container depot (48) of container transshipment being specified to three-dimensional bridge (3) below by the container transshipment device (49) of three-dimensional bridge (3).
4. according to the efficient Quayside container transfer method described in claim 1 or 3, it is characterized in that: container transshipment device (49) comprises lifting trolley c(19), field bridge transport carriage (20) and trackmobile (22), as the walking beam b(18 on the switching rail (14) in ferry-boat dolly (13) and three-dimensional bridge (3)) on orbital docking good after, the field bridge transport carriage (20) of ferry-boat dolly (13) top is along walking beam b(18) on track by container transshipment to container depot (48) top of specifying, the lifting trolley c(19 of field bridge transport carriage (20) top) freight container is piled up in the container depot (48) of specifying or lifting trolley c(19) freight container is sling to be placed on three-dimensional the trackmobile (22) below bridge (3), trackmobile (22) arrives container transshipment near the container depot (48) of specifying, the lifting trolley c(19 of three-dimensional bridge (3) top at this place) freight container is piled up in the container depot (48) of specifying, meanwhile, ferry-boat dolly (13) accesses another bridge transport carriage (20) nearby and repeats the above-mentioned case process that connects, enter the ferry-boat dolly (13) that the freight container on the field bridge transport carriage (20) of three-dimensional bridge (3) turned back on ferry-boat bridge (2) by removal Hou Yanyuan road and go up and access next freight container, repeat above-mentioned steps the container transshipment on box ship is interior and complete the process of unloading a ship to three-dimensional field bridge (3).
5. efficient Quayside container transfer method according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the process of unloading a ship comprises the steps:
Step 1: in the time that box ship rests in port and pier, more than one bank bridge (1) is at track a(6) upper walking, make the one end of the bank bridge grider (8) on bank bridge (1) be positioned at box ship directly over;
Step 2: the bank bridge lifting trolley (10) on bank bridge grider (8) upper strata starts to hang on the freight container of getting on box ship the bank bridge transport carriage (11) that container crane is placed on to bank bridge grider (8) lower floor, this bank bridge lifting trolley (10) continues to hang next freight container on picking ship, and bank bridge transport carriage (11) is the below to the bank bridge lifting trolley (10) of the other end of bank bridge grider (8) by container transshipment;
Step 3: the bank bridge lifting trolley (10) at this place is placed on container crane on the field bridge transport carriage (20) on ferry-boat dolly (13), now bank bridge transport carriage (11) Yan Yuanlu returns and accesses next freight container, under the control of control system, the ferry-boat dolly (13) that is loaded with a bridge transport carriage (20) runs to the walking beam b(18 on the switching rail (14) that makes to ferry on dolly (13) and three-dimensional the bridge (3) of specifying on ferry-boat bridge (2)) on track connect;
Step 4: bridge transport carriage (20) is along walking beam b(18) on track enter in three-dimensional bridge (3), and run to the top of container depot (48) that freight container is specified, the lifting trolley c(19 on three-dimensional bridge (3) upper strata) freight container on field bridge transport carriage (20) is sling and be placed in three-dimensional the container depot (48) that bridge (3) is specified or container crane is placed on trackmobile (22), trackmobile (22) arrives container transshipment near the container depot (48) of specifying, the lifting trolley c(19 of three-dimensional bridge (3) top at this place) freight container is piled up in the container depot (48) of specifying, the dolly (13) of now ferrying accesses another bridge transport carriage (20) nearby and repeats the above-mentioned case process that connects, enter the ferry-boat dolly (13) that the freight container on the field bridge transport carriage (20) of three-dimensional bridge (3) turned back on ferry-boat bridge (2) by removal Hou Yanyuan road and go up and access next freight container, repeat above-mentioned steps the container transshipment on box ship is interior and complete the process of unloading a ship to three-dimensional field bridge (3).
6. efficient Quayside container transfer method according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the process of unloading a ship comprises the steps:
Step 1: in the time that box ship rests in port and pier, more than one bank bridge (1) is at track a(6) upper walking, make the one end of the bank bridge grider (8) on bank bridge (1) be positioned at box ship directly over, then regulate successively the distance of the freight container of highest point on bank bridge grider (8) and box ship, after height adjustment is good, bank bridge grider (8) is locked on bank portal frame (7);
Step 2: the bank bridge lifting trolley (10) on bank bridge grider (8) upper strata starts to hang the freight container got on box ship and container crane is placed on to the bank bridge transport carriage (11) of bank bridge grider (8) lower floor upper, now bank bridge lifting trolley (10) continues to hang and gets the next freight container on box ship and repeat aforesaid operations; Simultaneously bank bridge transport carriage (11) by container transshipment the below to the bank bridge lifting trolley (10) of the other end of bank bridge grider (8), can timely adjustment bank bridge grider (8) in the process of unloading a ship and the distance of the freight container that hoists;
Step 3: the bank bridge lifting trolley (10) at this place is placed on container crane on the field bridge transport carriage (20) on ferry-boat dolly (13), now bank bridge transport carriage (11) Yan Yuanlu returns and accesses next freight container, and the ferry-boat dolly (13) that is loaded with a bridge transport carriage (20) runs to the walking beam b(18 on the switching rail (14) that makes to ferry on dolly (13) and three-dimensional bridge (3) on ferry-boat bridge (2)) on track connect;
Step 4: bridge transport carriage (20) is along walking beam b(18) on track enter in three-dimensional bridge (3), and run to the top of container depot (48) that freight container is specified, the lifting trolley c(19 on three-dimensional bridge (3) upper strata) freight container on field bridge transport carriage (20) to be piled up at three-dimensional the container depot (48) that bridge (3) is specified, the dolly (13) of now ferrying accesses another bridge transport carriage (20) nearby and repeats the above-mentioned case process that connects; Enter the ferry-boat dolly (13) that the freight container on the field bridge transport carriage (20) of three-dimensional bridge (3) turned back on ferry-boat bridge (2) by removal Hou Yanyuan road and go up and access next freight container, repeat above-mentioned steps the container transshipment on box ship is interior and complete the process of unloading a ship to three-dimensional field bridge (3).
7. efficient Quayside container transfer method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described container transshipment method also comprises the steering method of freight container; Freight container transition process comprise freight container by container depot (48) transition of three-dimensional bridge (3) below to the process of open storage (5) or by open storage (5) transition the process to the container depot (48) below three-dimensional field bridge (3):
In freight container need to be from container depot (48) transition of three-dimensional bridge (3) below to open storage (5) time, the container transshipment device (49) by three-dimensional bridge (3) and automatic track crane (23) by container transshipment below solid field bridge (3) in open storage (5);
In freight container need to the container depot (48) from open storage (5) transition to three-dimensional bridge (3) below time, by the container transshipment device (49) of three-dimensional bridge (3) and automatically track crane (23) by the container transshipment in open storage (5) to the container depot (48) below three-dimensional field bridge (3).
8. according to the efficient Quayside container transfer method described in claim 1 or 7, it is characterized in that: the container transshipment take the stockyard below three-dimensional field bridge (3) is interior as example to open storage (5), comprises the steps:
Step 1: the lifting trolley c(19 on three-dimensional bridge (3) upper strata of the freight container top of the transition of) container crane is placed on the trackmobile (22) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below, trackmobile (22) vertically moves and the below to three-dimensional bridge (3) by container transshipment, trackmobile (22) Yan Yuanlu returns and accesses next freight container, the lifting trolley c(19 of three-dimensional bridge (3) top herein) container crane is put on field bridge transport carriage (20) thereunder, field bridge transport carriage (20) arrives transporting container near the container depot (48) of specifying, the lifting trolley c(19 of three-dimensional bridge (3) top herein) container crane is transported on the trackmobile (22) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below, trackmobile (22) is automatic track crane (23) below to open storage (5) by container transshipment, automatically track crane (23) is sling freight container to be placed on the container stacking district of appointment,
Freight container need to be from open storage (5) transition to three-dimensional bridge (3) below the process in stockyard be that the container transshipment in three-dimensional the stockyard below bridge (3) is to the inverse process of open storage (5) process.
9. according to the efficient Quayside container transfer method described in claim 1,7 or 8, it is characterized in that: the container transshipment take the container depot (48) below three-dimensional field bridge (3) is interior as example to open storage (5), comprises the steps:
Step 1: the lifting trolley c(19 on three-dimensional bridge (3) upper strata of the freight container top of the transition of) container crane is placed on the trackmobile (22) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below, trackmobile (22) vertically moves and the below to the accelerated passage (4) of three-dimensional bridge (3) by container transshipment, trackmobile (22) Yan Yuanlu returns and accesses next freight container, lifting trolley c(19 on accelerated passage (4) herein) container crane is put on field bridge transport carriage (20) thereunder, transporting container is arrived three-dimensional bridge (3) and accelerated passage (4) junction by field bridge transport carriage (20), lifting trolley c(19 herein) freight container is sling and placed it on the field bridge transport carriage (20) on accelerated passage (4),
Near step 2: a bridge transport carriage (20) arrives container transshipment the container depot (48) of specifying, the lifting trolley c(19 of accelerated passage (4) top) container crane is transported on the trackmobile (22) of accelerated passage (4) below, trackmobile (22) is automatic track crane (23) below to open storage (5) by container transshipment, and track crane (23) is sling freight container to be placed on the container stacking district of appointment automatically;
Freight container need to be from open storage (5) transition to three-dimensional bridge (3) below the process in stockyard be that the container transshipment in three-dimensional the stockyard below bridge (3) is to the inverse process of open storage (5) process.
10. efficient Quayside container transfer method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: when freight container is dredged field, the automatic track crane (23) of open storage (5) can directly be put the container crane of stacking in open storage (5) on the truck of truck passage (25) thereunder, realizes quick dredging port process.
11. efficient Quayside container transfer methods according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the time evacuating the freight container in stockyard, three-dimensional bridge (3) below, the freight container of double-deck stereo field bridge (3) below is by lifting trolley c(19) and trackmobile (22) and a bridge transport carriage (20) by container transshipment to the truck on the truck passage (25) below solid field bridge (3) and transport harbour.
12. according to the efficient Quayside container transfer method described in claim 1 or 11, it is characterized in that: in the time evacuating the freight container in stockyard, three-dimensional bridge (3) below, the freight container of double-deck stereo field bridge (3) below is by lifting trolley c(19) and trackmobile (22) and a bridge transport carriage (20) by container transshipment the assigned address to the accelerated passage (4) of three-dimensional field bridge (3), the lifting trolley c(19 of accelerated passage (4) top herein) container crane is transported on the truck on the truck passage (25) below accelerated passage (4) and transport harbour.
13. efficient Quayside container transfer methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described method can also realize by rapid transport district (24) the thin field of freight container:
In the time evacuating the freight container of container depot (48) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below, container transshipment device (49) will be piled up the container transshipment of the container depot (48) below three-dimensional bridge (3) to the truck of rapid transport district (24), and freight container is transported harbour by truck;
In the time evacuating open storage (5) freight container, the automatic track crane (23) of open storage (5) and container transshipment device (49) will be piled up the container transshipment of stockyard (5) in the open to the truck of rapid transport district (24), and freight container is transported harbour by truck.
14. according to the efficient Quayside container transfer method described in claim 1 or 13, it is characterized in that: in the time evacuating the freight container of three-dimensional bridge (3) below container depot (48), the freight container of double-deck stereo field bridge (3) below is by lifting trolley c(19) and trackmobile (22) and a bridge transport carriage (20) by container transshipment the assigned address to the accelerated passage (4) of three-dimensional field bridge (3), the field bridge transport carriage (20) of accelerated passage (4) top directly arrives truck rapid transport district (24) by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c(19 of its top) container crane is transported on the truck of below, truck rapid transport district (24), freight container is transported container depot (48) by truck,
In the time evacuating the freight container of open storage (5), the automatic track crane (23) of open storage (5) is transported to container crane on the trackmobile (22) of open storage (5) below, trackmobile (22) is accelerated passage (4) below to three-dimensional bridge (3) by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c(19 of accelerated passage (4) top) container crane is put on field bridge transport carriage (20) thereunder, bridge transport carriage (20) by container transshipment directly over truck rapid transport district (24), the lifting trolley c(19 at this place) freight container is put on truck thereunder, freight container is transported open storage (5) by truck.
15. efficient Quayside container transfer methods according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: when freight container admission, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the automatic track crane (23) of open storage (5), and track crane (23) is directly piled up freight container in open storage (5) automatically.
16. efficient Quayside container transfer methods according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in three-dimensional bridge (3) below, and container transshipment device (49) arrives container transshipment in the container depot (48) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below of specifying.
17. efficient Quayside container transfer methods according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the accelerated passage (4) of three-dimensional bridge (3), the lifting trolley c(19 of accelerated passage (4) top) container crane is put on trackmobile (22) thereunder, trackmobile (22) is the below to the automatic track crane (23) of open storage (5) by container transshipment, and track crane (23) is transported to container crane in the open storage (5) of appointment automatically.
18. according to the efficient Quayside container transfer method described in claim 1 or 16, it is characterized in that: the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in three-dimensional bridge (3) below, the lifting trolley c(19 of three-dimensional bridge (3) top) container crane is transported to lifting trolley c(19) the field bridge transport carriage (20) of below, field bridge transport carriage (20) arrives container transshipment near the container depot (48) of specifying, the lifting trolley c(19 of this top, place) container crane is transported on the trackmobile (22) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below, trackmobile (22) is transported to container crane near the container depot (48) of specifying three-dimensional bridge (3) below, lifting trolley c(19 herein) freight container is piled up in the container depot (48) of specifying three-dimensional bridge (3) below.
19. according to the efficient Quayside container transfer method described in claim 1 or 18, it is characterized in that: the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the below of the accelerated passage (4) of three-dimensional bridge (3), the lifting trolley c(19 of accelerated passage (4) top) container crane is transported to lifting trolley c(19) the field bridge transport carriage (20) of below, field bridge transport carriage (20) is container depot (48) top to appointment by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c(19 of its top) container crane is transported on the trackmobile (22) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below, near trackmobile (22) is specified container transshipment container depot (48) to three-dimensional bridge (3) below, lifting trolley c(19 herein) freight container is piled up in the container depot (48) of specifying three-dimensional bridge (3) below.
20. efficient Quayside container transfer methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the field method that enters that can also realize by rapid transport district (24) freight container:
In the time that freight container need to enter the container depot (48) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the rapid transport district (24) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below, in the container transshipment device (49) of three-dimensional bridge (3) is specified container transshipment container depot (48) to the below of three-dimensional bridge (3);
In the time that freight container need to enter the stockyard of open storage (5) below, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the rapid transport district (24) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below, the container transshipment device (49) of three-dimensional bridge (3) is automatic track crane (23) below to open storage (5) by container transshipment, and track crane (23) is transported to container crane in open storage (5) automatically.
21. according to the efficient Quayside container transfer method described in claim 1 or 20, freight container it is characterized in that: in the time that need to enter the stockyard of three-dimensional bridge (3) below, the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the truck rapid transport district (24) of accelerated passage (4) below, by the lifting trolley c(19 of accelerated passage (4) top) freight container that will rest on the truck in the truck rapid transport district (24) below accelerated passage (4) slings, and put on field bridge transport carriage (20) thereunder, field bridge transport carriage (20) is near the top of container depot (48) to three-dimensional the bridge (3) of specifying by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c(19 at this place) container crane is transported on the trackmobile (22) of three-dimensional bridge (3) below, trackmobile (22) is near to the container depot (48) of three-dimensional the bridge (3) of specifying by container transshipment, the lifting trolley c(19 at this place) freight container is piled up in the container depot (48) of specifying,
In the time that freight container need to enter open storage (5), the truck that is loaded with freight container rests in the truck rapid transport district (24) of accelerated passage (4) below, the lifting trolley c(19 of accelerated passage (4) top) container crane is put on field bridge transport carriage (20) thereunder, bridge transport carriage (20) by container transshipment to the top of trackmobile (22) of leading to open storage (5), lifting trolley c(19 herein) container crane is put on trackmobile (22) thereunder, automatic track crane (23) below of open storage (5), automatically the container crane that trackmobile (22) is transported to open storage (5) below by track crane (23) is transported in open storage (5).
Realize the movement system of the efficient Quayside container transfer method described in the arbitrary claim of claim 1~21 for 22. 1 kinds, it is characterized in that: comprise more than one bank bridge (1), ferry-boat bridge (2) and three-dimensional bridge (3), more than one bank bridge (1) is located at the track a(6 on harbour bank) on, ferry-boat bridge (2) is located at the below of bank bridge (1) away from coastline one side, is provided with three-dimensional bridge (3) away from a side of the ferry-boat bridge (2) in coastline.
23. efficient Quayside container movement systems according to claim 22, is characterized in that: the number of bank bridge (1) is 2~10.
24. efficient Quayside container movement systems according to claim 22, it is characterized in that: bank bridge (1) comprises bank portal frame (7) and bank bridge grider (8), bank bridge grider (8) is located at the upper end of bank portal frame (7) inner side, and bank bridge grider (8) top is provided with bank bridge lifting trolley (10) and bank bridge transport carriage (11).
25. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in claim 22,23 or 24, it is characterized in that: the bank bridge (1) that adopts bank bridge grider (8) Liftable type.
26. efficient Quayside container movement systems according to claim 25, it is characterized in that: bank bridge (1) comprises bank portal frame (7) and bank bridge grider (8), bank portal frame (7) comprises four door frame columns (28), door frame column (28) below is by connecting cross beam a(29) be connected, bank bridge grider (8) is located at the inner side of bank portal frame (7) and is connected by crossbeam latching device (27), the top of four door frame columns (28) is provided with two connecting cross beam b(30), connecting cross beam b(30) below be provided with assembly pulley a(31), connecting cross beam a(29) be provided with crossbeam lifting mechanism (26), bank bridge grider (8) top is provided with assembly pulley b(32), steel rope on crossbeam lifting mechanism (26) is by assembly pulley a(31) with assembly pulley b(32) be connected with bank bridge grider (8).
27. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in claim 22,23 or 24, it is characterized in that: adopt double-deck bank bridge grider (8), the upper strata of bank bridge grider (8) is provided with more than one lifting trolley (10), and the lower floor of bank bridge grider (8) is provided with bank bridge transport carriage (11).
28. efficient Quayside container movement systems according to claim 27, it is characterized in that: bank bridge (1) comprises bank portal frame (7) and bank bridge grider (8), bank portal frame (7) comprises four door frame columns (28), door frame column (28) below is by connecting cross beam a(29) be connected, bank bridge grider (8) is fixed on the top of bank portal frame (7), the upper strata of bank bridge grider (8) is provided with two lifting trolleys (10), and the lower floor of bank bridge grider (8) is provided with bank bridge transport carriage (11).
29. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in claim 22,23 or 24, it is characterized in that: adopt Liftable type and have the bank bridge (1) of double-deck bank bridge grider (8).
30. efficient Quayside container movement systems according to claim 29, it is characterized in that: bank bridge (1) comprises bank portal frame (7) and bank bridge grider (8), bank portal frame (7) comprises four door frame columns (28), door frame column (28) below is by connecting cross beam a(29) be connected, bank bridge grider (8) is located at the inner side of bank portal frame (7) and is connected by crossbeam latching device (27), bank bridge grider (8) upper strata is provided with two lifting trolleys (10), and bank bridge grider (8) lower floor is provided with bank bridge transport carriage (11); The top of four door frame columns (28) is provided with two connecting cross beam b(30), connecting cross beam b(30) below be provided with assembly pulley a(31), connecting cross beam a(29) be provided with crossbeam lifting mechanism (26), bank bridge grider (8) top is provided with assembly pulley b(32), the steel rope on crossbeam lifting mechanism (26) is by assembly pulley a(31) with assembly pulley b(32) be connected with bank bridge grider (8).
31. efficient Quayside container movement systems according to claim 29, it is characterized in that: bank bridge (1) comprises bank portal frame (7) and bank bridge grider (8), bank portal frame (7) comprises four door frame columns (28), door frame column (28) below is by connecting cross beam a(29) be connected, bank bridge grider (8) is located at the inner side of bank portal frame (7) and is connected by crossbeam latching device (27), the inner side on bank bridge grider (8) top and the outside of bottom are equipped with trolley track, two ends in the inner track on bank bridge grider (8) top are respectively equipped with bank bridge lifting trolley (10), the track in the outside of bank bridge grider (8) bottom is provided with bank bridge transport carriage (11), the top of four door frame columns (28) is provided with two connecting cross beam b(30), connecting cross beam b(30) below be provided with assembly pulley a(31), connecting cross beam a(29) be provided with crossbeam lifting mechanism (26), bank bridge grider (8) top is provided with assembly pulley b(32), the steel rope on crossbeam lifting mechanism (26) is by assembly pulley a(31) with assembly pulley b(32) be connected with bank bridge grider (8).
32. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in the arbitrary claim of claim 22~31, it is characterized in that: bank bridge grider (8) is truss structure, bank bridge grider (8) comprises truss girder a(33) and truss girder b(34), truss girder a(33) with truss girder b(34) be parallel to each other and be connected by 3~15 saddle beams (35).
33. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in claim 26 or 31, it is characterized in that: crossbeam latching device (27) comprises the crossbeam lifting limit track (36) of bank portal frame (7) inner side and is located at the positioning and locking device a(37 of bank bridge grider (8) side), positioning and locking device a(37) comprise guiding wheels (38), hydraulic thrust pull bar a(39) and be fixed on the bearing a(41 of bank bridge grider (8) side), hydraulic thrust pull bar a(39) termination be provided with latch (40), the vertical direction of crossbeam lifting limit track (36) is provided with multiple knock holees (52).
34. efficient Quayside container movement systems according to claim 31, is characterized in that: the positioning and locking device a(37 that is located at bank bridge grider (8) side) be 4~32.
35. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in claim 26 or 31, it is characterized in that: crossbeam latching device (27) comprises the positioning step (42) of being located at bank portal frame (7) inner side and the positioning and locking device b(43 that is located at bank bridge grider (8)), positioning and locking device b(43) comprise the bearing b(44 that is fixed on bank bridge grider (8) side), one end hinged with bearing b(44) hydraulic thrust pull bar b(45), crossbeam radius stay (46) and the connecting rod (47) being hinged, crossbeam radius stay (46) one end and bearing b(44) hinged, near the termination of the other end, be hinged with one end of the connecting rod (47) being hinged, hydraulic thrust pull bar b(45) hinged with the hinged place of the connecting rod (47) being hinged, the other end of the connecting rod (47) being hinged is hinged on bearing b(44) on.
36. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in claim 26 or 31, it is characterized in that: the positioning and locking device b(43 that is located at bank bridge grider (8) side) be 4~32.
37. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in claim 26 or 31, it is characterized in that: bank bridge grider (8) is 25m~65m with the range of the distance on ground.
38. efficient Quayside container movement systems according to claim 22, it is characterized in that: ferry-boat bridge (2) comprises steel structure support (12), steel structure support (12) top is provided with track b(15), ferry-boat dolly (13) is located at track b(15) upper, ferry-boat dolly (13) top is provided with switching rail (14).
39. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in claim, it is characterized in that: three-dimensional bridge (3) comprises container transshipment device (49) and a bridge steelframe (50), container transshipment device (49) comprises lifting trolley c(19), field bridge transport carriage (20) and trackmobile (22), trackmobile (22) is located at a below for bridge steelframe (50), field bridge steelframe (50) comprises column (16), column (16) top is provided with walking beam a(17) and walking beam b(18), column (16), walking beam a(17) and walking beam b(18) a formation bridge transhipment passage (51), walking beam a(17) and walking beam b(18) top is equipped with track, walking beam a(17) be located at walking beam b(18) top, walking beam a(17) track be provided with more than one lifting trolley c(19), walking beam b(18) track be provided with more than one bridge transport carriage (20).
40. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in claim 39, it is characterized in that: walking beam a(17) with walking beam b(18) distance be 4m~10m; Walking beam b(18) with the distance on ground be 18m~26m.
41. efficient Quayside container movement systems according to claim 22, it is characterized in that: three-dimensional bridge (3) middle part is to extend to form accelerated passage (4) away from coastline direction, and accelerated passage (4) below is longitudinally provided with truck passage (25) or is provided with trackmobile (22) and truck passage (25).
42. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in claim 41, it is characterized in that: accelerated passage (4) below is provided with trackmobile (22) and truck passage (25), accelerated passage (4) is longitudinally provided with truck rapid transport district (24) away from the below of one end, coastline.
43. efficient Quayside container movement systems according to claim 22, it is characterized in that: truck rapid transport district (24) is provided with trackmobile (22), automatic track crane (23), truck passage (25) and trackmobile (22), and track crane (23) is located at the truck rapid transport district (24) in accelerated passage (4) outside automatically.
44. efficient Quayside container movement systems according to claim 22, it is characterized in that: also comprise open storage (5), in open storage (5), be provided with automatic track crane (23), open storage (5) below is provided with truck passage (25) and can leads to the trackmobile (22) of three-dimensional bridge (3).
45. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in claim 43, it is characterized in that: open storage (5) is located at a side of accelerated passage (4), run through accelerated passage (4) and open storage (5) below and be provided with trackmobile (22) and truck passage (25).
46. according to the efficient Quayside container movement system described in claim 43, it is characterized in that: open storage (5) is located at the both sides of accelerated passage (4), run through longitudinal trackmobile (22) and truck passage (25) of being provided with of accelerated passage (4) and open storage (5) below.
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