CN103818671B - Put down into formula refuse transfer station and its operational method of clearing - Google Patents

Put down into formula refuse transfer station and its operational method of clearing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103818671B
CN103818671B CN201410100291.1A CN201410100291A CN103818671B CN 103818671 B CN103818671 B CN 103818671B CN 201410100291 A CN201410100291 A CN 201410100291A CN 103818671 B CN103818671 B CN 103818671B
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China
Prior art keywords
transfer station
put down
refuse transfer
switching mechanism
clearing
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CN103818671A (en
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张来辉
钟凯
刘燕平
罗建福
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SHANGHAI CN-NL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI CN-NL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to one kind is put down into formula refuse transfer station and its operational method of clearing, its technical scheme is to put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing, including datum level, for constituting the supporting body of refuse transfer station;It is characterized in that further including:Foundation ditch, the space extending downwardly from described datum level, for accommodating garbage container;Switching mechanism, is arranged in described foundation ditch, for overturning garbage container;Hoisting mechanism, for driving switching mechanism;Described datum level includes the work surface of rubbish vehicle.The present design prior art that compares greatly reduces the floor area that must tie up, and building cost is lower, is more suitable for building in the narrow city of land area, improves the service efficiency of land area of one unit it is shown that prominent technological progress.

Description

Put down into formula refuse transfer station and its operational method of clearing
Technical field
The present invention relates to environmental technology field, specifically a kind of refuse transfer station in city for suitable construction is whole Body designs, thus realizing more saving land used of building a station, more saves the purpose of building cost;Further, the present invention also provides Work flow method using this city garbage station.
Background technology
With the countries in the world urbanization process including China, the process of domestic waste is always environmental conservation Important subject.Known, urban garbage disposal is generally carried out as follows:Personal fragmentary house refuse is first Put into the fixed point garbage can that can accommodate more rubbish near resident(Case)In, then these fixed point garbage cans of refuse collection handlebar (Case)Refuse collection get up to transport to city garbage station(Under normal circumstances, this waste transportation stands in city according to residence The aggregation zone construction of the people have multiple, for example build certain resident concentrate cell in etc.), load the bigger rubbish collection of capacity Vanning by rubbish van be transported to rubbish focus on field carry out harmless process or bury.
In prior art, the capital equipment matching with aforementioned city garbage station includes refuse collector, and rubbish turns Fortune car and vertical garbage container.Existing refuse collector has two kinds of discharge way, and one kind is vehicle frame installing lifting mechanism, Compartment can be become certain angle of inclination by lifting, and rubbish relies on gravity to dump away from the discharge port of mobile phone car afterbody;Another kind of Install push pedal in interior, rubbish is shifted onto tailstock discharge port in compartment and discharges.The patent of publication number CN201437456U Document (our previous application) discloses a kind of vertical garbage container.It is little that this container has a floor space, holds Amount is big, the high advantage of conevying efficiency, is particularly suitable for using at the city garbage station of narrow field, its mainly include tank body and Stake body, axial length reaches 6000mm--7200mm, is fully loaded with up to 20t--28t, has discharging in tank body axial direction both ends of the surface Mouth and charging aperture.Rubbish van is used for transporting vertical garbage container, and its vehicle frame is equiped with draw-off mechanism can be this Container is vertically placed on ground.During use, garbage container is vertically placed, charging aperture upward, refuse collection handlebar rubbish by Charging aperture is dumped into garbage container tank body, then tamps through trash compactor, operates successively and fill rubbish until container Afterwards, it is transported car and draws in vehicle frame and become lying status to be transported to rubbish and focus on field.
In order to meet the cooperation of refuse collector and vertical garbage container, it must build existing refuse transfer station Become the collecting cart work surface arranged up and down and transfer car(buggy) work surface, lower work surface supplies transfer car(buggy) turnover that empty garbage container is erected Pull away after directly placing and filling;Upper work surface dumps rubbish into garbage container for refuse collector turnover.Prior art Defect is that the construction land area that this refuse transfer station takies is very big, and construction cost is very high, is highly detrimental to urbanite The narrow space in area and nervous land use area.For example, due to holding up the container coming, there is 6000mm-- The axial height of 7200mm, upper work surface must build longer access bridge to connect ground, actually used in, upper work surface and its Building ground area shared by access bridge is close to the half of building ground area shared by whole refuse depot;Secondly, collect turner Make face and transfer car(buggy) work surface is disposed generally on the garbage container both sides of vertical placement, two working areas will take building ground Area.Publication number CN2892742Y patent documentation discloses this refuse transfer station, and its technical scheme includes transfer station framework, can The compactor for compressing rubbish of transverse shifting, transhipment platform etc., transfer car(buggy) passes through ground (lower work surface) turnover empty Garbage container is holded up and is placed on below compactor, short distance transfer car(buggy)(Refuse collector)Upper transhipment platform is opened by access bridge (upper work surface) is poured into container tank body rubbish, and compactor compacting rubbish fills rubbish until container, then transfer car(buggy) Enter back into lower work surface and pull away container transshipment and go out.The prior art disclose refuse depot construction model be arranged to ground and Non-interference two work surfaces up and down of transhipment platform, not only building cost is high, and upper transhipment platform must configure Relatively long distance access bridge is to reduce the gradient hence it is evident that needing to take more land areas, this is highly detrimental to limited by construction land Build this refuse transfer station with space-constrained urbanite accumulation regions;The patent documentation of publication number CN101306753A also drapes over one's shoulders Reveal this refuse transfer station, it is also mainly made up of upper and lower two working areas, we can the more company of being intuitive to see from accompanying drawing Connect the half that building ground area shared by the access bridge of work surface is almost whole building area.In addition, publication number The patent document of CN2716193Y discloses a kind of foundation ditch type refuse transfer station, and it includes a foundation ditch, and refuse container is hung by fixation Mounting mechanism hangs in and is used in foundation ditch accommodating rubbish, after filling rubbish, then hangs in dumper and transports, this technical scheme can not with existing Refuse collector, rubbish van and vertical garbage container support the use it is impossible to fully demonstrate aforementioned corollary equipment High degree of automation, floor space is little, the big advantage of average daily process quantity of refuse.
To sum up, due to the rare of urban land area and high added value, how more to save or reduce refuse transfer station and account for Land area is so that it is that those skilled in the art are urgently to be resolved hurrily in city that this refuse transfer station is more suitable for building Technical problem.
Content of the invention
Defect for above-mentioned prior art and the technical problem of presence, the primary technical problem solving of the present invention is to provide A kind of less the putting down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing of land occupation area.
The present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem and be employed technical scheme comprise that:Put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing, including base Quasi- face, for constituting the supporting body of refuse transfer station;It is characterized in that further including:Foundation ditch, faces down from described benchmark and prolongs The space stretched, for accommodating garbage container;Switching mechanism, is arranged in described foundation ditch, for overturning garbage container; Hoisting mechanism, for driving switching mechanism;Described datum level includes the work surface of rubbish vehicle.
The solution have the advantages that:Present design utilizes sunk type tunnel to accommodate garbage container, reduces rubbish The height of container, the working area of refuse collector is arranged in ground and can achieve entrance garbage container of dumping rubbish, and compares Compared with prior art, present design need not specially design work surface, more need not arrange a large amount of access bridges taking floor area;Its Secondary, present design arranges that in hoistway switching mechanism to coordinate rubbish van to place and pull away vertical garbage container, So, refuse collector and rubbish van work surface can share, and need compared to existing technology to arrange non-interference two Work surface further reduces occupancy floor area.To sum up, on the premise of reaching the identical quantity of refuse of average daily process, the design side The case prior art that compares greatly reduces the floor area that must tie up, and building cost is lower, is more suitable for building in soil In the city of area stenosis, improve the service efficiency of land area of one unit, embody prominent technological progress.
Preferably technical scheme:Described switching mechanism is rotatably coupled with described foundation ditch.
Further technique effect:Realize switching mechanism to swing.
Preferably technical scheme:Described foundation ditch includes the crater wall enclosing downward vertically and hole bottom;Described hole bottom is provided with The pedestal raising up is used for supporting garbage container.
Further technique effect:Weight in view of garbage container and compressor tamp percussive pressure during rubbish Power, pedestal can be bearing in garbage container bottom in garbage container stress so that switching mechanism is taken off with garbage container Leave, it is to avoid damage switching mechanism.
Preferably technical scheme:Described switching mechanism includes longeron frame, backing frame and bearing;Described longeron frame and backing frame Connect firmly L-shaped;Described bearing is equiped with horizontal fixing axle, and it is rotatably connected with crater wall.
Further technique effect:Switching mechanism is used for accommodating garbage container, and main and rubbish van cooperation, with profit Put into foundation ditch in waste transportation handlebar garbage container or pull out.
Preferably technical scheme:It is disposed with main beam on described longeron frame body and near one end of described backing frame, its End is provided with the positive stop of projection, is disposed with pulley in described positive stop.
Further technique effect:Positive stop is used for fixing garbage container width position, main beam end Pulley is mainly used in connecting steel wire ropes, in order to avoid steel wire rope is interfered with garbage container during lifting, when switching mechanism rises to During design angle, it is bearing on supporting station using the length of main beam so that switching mechanism is supported by static(al).
Preferably technical scheme:Described longeron frame body includes the longeron being arranged in parallel and for connecting described longeron Crossbeam;Described longeron is provided with roller near the end of described bearing.
Further technique effect:When garbage container puts into switching mechanism, the rail of roller and garbage container bottom Road coordinates, and reduces frictional force, is conducive to that garbage container is smooth to put into switching mechanism.
Preferably technical scheme:Described hoisting mechanism includes coaxial duplex capstan winch and capstan winch pedestal, and wirerope-winding is being slided On wheel.
Further technique effect:When coaxial duplex capstan winch makes to be lifted switching mechanism, uniform force about its bottom, and Pulley plays the effect of movable pulley, effectively reduces the stress of steel wire rope.
Preferably technical scheme:Upset supporting device is there also is provided, it includes bearing support and can turn therewith in described foundation ditch The supporting station being dynamically connected;When hoisting mechanism drives switching mechanism to swing to design angle, described supporting station spins out inwardly For being bearing in the bottom of described switching mechanism.
Further technique effect:When switching mechanism swings to design angle, bearing support is used for static(al) and supports tipper Structure, so can avoid capstan winch and steel wire rope stress excessive and damage part.
Preferably technical scheme:Described hole bottom one-tenth angle of inclination is to collect liquid.
Further technique effect:The liquid being mingled in rubbish can be tamped extrusion by compressor, to increase refuse container The useful load of case, the tunnel bottom of inclination is conducive to the liquid being extruded out to be pooled to liquid collecting well, prevents sewage collection from there is base In hole.
Preferably technical scheme:The steel that there also is provided frame body on described foundation ditch and be fixed on described frame body top Rail, compactor is installed on rail and can be moved along it.
Further technique effect:Compactor is used for tamping rubbish, to reduce garbage bulk, increases the dress of garbage container Carrying capacity, improves conevying efficiency.
Preferably technical scheme:The chute also including funnel is used for coordinating with the charging aperture of garbage container, described Chute is rotatably connected with chute support;When described chute puts down, the flange of its upper shed is coordinated with chute fixed station and is used for Supporting chute.
Further technique effect:When refuse collector is dumped rubbish, chute is conducive to collecting constraint rubbish and smoothly enters Enter garbage container, prevent rubbish excessive when toppling over.
Preferably technical scheme:Described chute is also equiped with position-limited wheel, is used for spacing rubbish when described chute puts down and receives Stroke when collection car is dumped rubbish.
Further technique effect:Be conducive to refuse collector to unload to tip rubbish.
Preferably technical scheme:This segment distance of near coal-mine to the described longeron upper end of described foundation ditch is disposed with portable plate, Constitute a part for work surface when it closes.
Further technique effect:The portable plate opened, so that the longeron upper end of switching mechanism tilts out adit opening, closes The portable plate closing constitutes a part for work surface, so that refuse collector backs to above chute.
Preferably technical scheme:Described work surface is rubbish van and refuse collector shares working area.
Further technique effect:The work surface of prior art is distributed in two sides of garbage container, is divided into rubbish and turns Fortune car working area and refuse collector working area, two working areas are non-interference, and land occupation area is many;Present design, rubbish Transfer car(buggy) and refuse collector share working area, decrease a working area, accordingly decrease land occupation area it is shown that dashing forward The technique effect going out.
Preferably technical scheme:Described datum level is soil ground.
Further technique effect:Soil ground is modal datum level in embodiment.
Preferably technical scheme:Also include a liquid collecting well, it is connected with described hole bottom, for collecting the liquid in foundation ditch.
Further technique effect:The liquid that compressed garbage is extruded collects in liquid collecting well and focuses on, and prevents foundation ditch Hydrops.
Preferably technical scheme:When switching mechanism is turned to design angle, its upper end constitutes waste transportation garage The stop of journey.
Further technique effect:Be conducive to rubbish van be aligned switching mechanism, smoothly put down or draw in refuse container Case.
Preferably technical scheme:Buffer is there also is provided, for buffering impact when switching mechanism declines in described foundation ditch Power.
Further technique effect:When switching mechanism rapid decrease, for example steel wire rope ruptures suddenly, can slow down upset The impact of mechanism, prevents from damaging the parts such as tunnel, switching mechanism.
Preferably technique effect:Multiple garbage container berths can be arranged in described foundation ditch.
Further technique effect:Be conducive to improving the efficiency that refuse depot daily processes rubbish.
Preferably technical scheme:Described crater wall is provided with boss, and bearing block is fixed thereon, and described fixing axle is installed in bearing It is slidably matched in seat and therewith.
Further technique effect:Boss is that the link position with foundation ditch of switching mechanism is swung to realizing switching mechanism Design angle.
Preferably technical scheme:Also include Hydraulic Station, for refuse transfer station each hydraulic system fuel feeding.
Further technique effect:Level of integrated system is high.
Invention further provides a kind of operational method put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing, its technical scheme is:Press Following steps are carried out:S1:Switching mechanism is turned to design angle;S2:Rubbish van enters work surface, empty rubbish collection Switching mechanism is put in vanning;S3:Rubbish van leaves work surface, and switching mechanism declines, and garbage container becomes vertical state; S4:Refuse collector enters work surface, rubbish is poured into and leaves work surface after garbage container;S5:Follow-up refuse collector Repeat S4 step, until garbage container is filled;S6:Switching mechanism is turned to design angle again;S7:Rubbish van enters Enter work surface, garbage container is drawn in vehicle frame from switching mechanism and transports away.
Further, in S3 step, when switching mechanism drops to low spot, base support is in garbage container bottom.
Further, in S1 or S6 step, when switching mechanism is turned to design angle, supporting station spins out and props up Hold the main beam two ends in described switching mechanism.
Further, in S3 step, after garbage container becomes vertical state, chute is laid down to be enclosed in refuse container Above case charging aperture.
Further, in S4 or S5 step, after refuse collector leaves work surface, compactor stretches into garbage container Compacting rubbish.
Further, before switching mechanism is flipped up, portable plate is opened;When switching mechanism is downwardly turned over it Afterwards, portable plate is closed.
The technique effect of operational method:Using this operational method, fully demonstrate refuse transfer station high degree of automation, daily Process the feature of rubbish efficiency high.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is present invention longitudinal direction cross section structure diagram.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that switching mechanism swings to design angle(Longitudinal section view).
Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 right side structural representation.
Fig. 4 is foundation ditch longitudinal direction cross section structure diagram.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation installing switching mechanism in foundation ditch.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation that Fig. 4 vertical view state Xia Keng bottom is divided.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation overturning supporting device under Fig. 4 vertical view state.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of switching mechanism.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation under Fig. 8 vertical view state.
Figure 10 is the perspective view of switching mechanism.
Figure 11 is A portion mplifying structure schematic diagram in Fig. 3.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of chute.
Figure 13 is an up the structural representation of mechanism.
Figure 14 is activity plate structure schematic diagram.
Figure 15 is rubbish van and this refuse transfer station cooperation schematic diagram.
Figure 16 is the schematic diagram that waste transportation handlebar vertical garbage container puts into switching mechanism.
Figure 17 is the cooperation schematic diagram of refuse collector and this refuse transfer station.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of foundation ditch in embodiment 2.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of refuse transfer station in embodiment 2.
Figure 20 is the overlooking the structure diagram of Figure 12.
1. datum level, 11. work surfaces, 111. portable plates, 112. fixed plates, 113. support columns.
2. foundation ditch, 21. crater walls, 22. hole bottoms, 23. liquid collecting wells, 211. boss, 221. pedestals, 222. buffers.
3. switching mechanism, 31. longeron framves, 32. backing framves, 33. bearings, 34. main beams, 311. longerons, 312. crossbeams, 313. rollers, 331. fixing axles.
4. hoisting mechanism, 41. coaxial duplex capstan winches, 42. steel wire ropes, 43. capstan winch pedestals.
5. overturn supporting device, 51. bearing supports, 53. supporting stations.
6. frame body, 61. rail, 62. chute fixed stations.
7. compactor.
8. chute, 81. upper sheds, 82. under sheds, 85. position-limited wheels.
9. Hydraulic Station
100. rubbish van.
200. refuse collector.
300. vertical garbage containers.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the specific embodiment of the present invention is elaborated, be further elucidated with advantages of the present invention and Outstanding contributions with respect to prior art.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, originally put down and mainly include foundation ditch 2, switching mechanism 3, hoisting mechanism into formula refuse transfer station of clearing 4, turning-over support mechanism 5, frame body 6, compactor 7, chute 8 etc..Under normal circumstances, datum level 1 is that ground was both built in soil ground Face, in order to form the supporting body of whole refuse transfer station, will carry out smooth according to construction standards datum level 1, filling, the work such as hardening Sequence is processed.The other devices supporting with this refuse transfer station include rubbish van 100, refuse collector 200, vertical rubbish Rubbish container 300 etc..
As shown in Fig. 5,6,7 and with reference to Fig. 1,2,3, foundation ditch 2 is the space body excavating vertically downward from building ground, is steel Tendon concrete structure, long 10100mm, wide 7600mm, its spatial altitude requires can accommodate vertical garbage container completely Axial length.On the bottom 22 of hole, projection is cast with uniform pedestal 221, and its height meets to be put when vertical garbage container 300 Enter when being in vertical state in foundation ditch 2,8 pedestals 221 are just bearing in the bottom of vertical garbage container 300, make vertically Formula garbage container 300 is separated from switching mechanism 3, prevents switching mechanism 3 from being dumped rubbish or during compactor 7 compressed garbage Compression shock and damage.Hole bottom 22 adopts slope to design, and opens up liquid collecting well 23, from vertical rubbish collection between two berths The sewage liquid that vanning 300 squeezes out comes together in this, then uses the in addition harmless process of deep diving pumped.Cast in crater wall 21 convex Platform 211, thereon pre-embedding metal part be used for welding bearing bracket, then bearing block bolt is fixed on bearing bracket.Foundation ditch 2 The frame body 6 on top adopts steel construction, and two one steel rails 61 are fixed at top, and compactor 7 is along two one steel rails 61 by hydraulic pressure or electric drive Move back and forth between two berths, when needing to tamp rubbish, the pressure head of compactor 7 is extended downwardly into perpendicular by Hydraulic Station 9 fuel feeding Straight garbage container 300 charging aperture is compacted rubbish, and other hydraulic mechanisms that Hydraulic Station 9 is also used in refuse transfer station supply Oil, the obvious integrated level of difference fuel feeding compared to existing technology is higher.Arranged side by side two berth is devised in the present embodiment foundation ditch 2, Multiple vertical garbage container berths can also be arranged according to building ground area situation, the work surface between berth is not mutually done Relate to, so berth is more many more is conducive to improving the ability that transfer station daily processes rubbish, the present embodiment daily processes rubbish and exists 250t-280t.Work surface 11 is arranged on the left of foundation ditch 2, is rubbish van 100 and refuse collector 200 shares work surface, phase Need to be separately provided two work surfaces than prior art and substantially more save building ground.In addition, being provided with the near coal-mine of foundation ditch 2 The safe fence that anti-accident is fallen, the wire ladder between two berths is for being used to the work of hole bottom 22 under staff.
As shown in Figure 8,9, 10 and with reference to Fig. 1,2,3, switching mechanism 3 is overall to be made up of steel beam column, including longeron frame 31, support Underframe 32, bearing 33, main beam 34, longeron frame 31 and backing frame 32 weld L-shaped.Bearing 33 welds horizontal fixing axle 331 And be arranged in the bearing block on boss 211 thus forming rotatable cooperation.Main beam 34 is welded near support using I-steel On the longeron 311 of underframe 32, the positive stop 341 of its end is used for constraining the movement of vertical garbage container 300 radial direction, limit Bearing pin is welded, pulley 342 is installed thereon in the block 341 of position.Longeron frame 31 is made up of the crossbeam 312 of longeron 311 and connection, and two The parallel longeron of root 311 is used for the two root bottom part track cooperations with vertical garbage container 300, and the roller 313 of end is used for Reduce frictional force during cooperation.
Such as Figure 11 simultaneously combines shown in Fig. 1,2,3,5,7, and steel construction bearing support 51 bottom that two are arranged symmetrically is fixed on Hole bottom 22, top fixed pin shaft, supporting station 53 install wherein, when switching mechanism 3 is elevated come up when, first oil cylinder drive Cushion cap 53 rotates 90 ° the two ends for being bearing in main beam 34 inwardly.So when vertical garbage container 300 is put into or is pulled away from During switching mechanism 3, switching mechanism 3 is supported by static(al), thus preventing steel wire rope 42 moment stress excessive, stress concentration and damage Hoisting mechanism 4.
As Figure 12,20 and combine shown in Fig. 1,2,3, chute 8 is overall to be in funnel-form, and opening is up big and down small, rear side wall If a pair of pole is connected with the chute stand hinge being arranged near coal-mine ground.When the second oil cylinder overturns chute 8, above open Flange on mouth 81 is bearing in chute 8 above the charging aperture of vertical garbage container 300 with the cooperation of chute fixed station.Rubber The position-limited wheel 85 made connects a pole and is fixed on chute 8 front end, for constituting the position restrainer in work surface 11 for the refuse collector Structure.
Such as Figure 13 simultaneously combines shown in Fig. 1,2,3, foundation ditch 2 near coal-mine be embedded with metallic stud be used for fixing capstan winch pedestal 43 with And coaxial duplex capstan winch 41, steel wire rope 42 is wrapped on pulley 342, and during lifting, pulley 342 plays the effect of movable pulley, effectively Mitigate the stress of steel wire rope 42.When steel wire rope 42 ruptures, the buffer 222 in foundation ditch 2, in the presence of stage clip, can effectively subtract The impulsive force of slow switching mechanism 3, in order to avoid foundation ditch 2 or other mechanisms are destroyed.
Such as Figure 14 simultaneously combines shown in Fig. 5,6,7, and from foundation ditch 2 left side, the near coal-mine distance to longeron 311 end is provided with fixation Plate 112, plate two ends are separately fixed on the support column 113 near coal-mine and foundation ditch 2, and split portable plate 111 is cut with scissors with fixed plate 112 Chain connects, and when switching mechanism 3 overturns, portable plate 111 is driven by the 3rd oil cylinder and opens to avoid switching mechanism 3, when its closure When constitute work surface 11 a part refuse collector 200 backs to dump rubbish above chute 8.
This refuse transfer station is such work:Initial position, portable plate 111 is opened, and hoisting mechanism 4 rotates forward lifting upset Mechanism 3 is turned to more than 30 ° of angles around fixing axle 311, and two supporting stations 53 rotate 90 ° in opposite directions inwardly, hoisting mechanism 4 somewhat under Fall is placed on the two ends of main beam 34 on supporting station 53, in the case of static(al) supporting, 30 ° of angles of 3 one-tenth of switching mechanism;Waste transportation Car 100 retreats and enters work surface 11 until the ends contact of rear plate washer and the longeron 311 propped, now longeron 311 end composition The position-limit mechanism of rubbish van 100 range on work surface 11.
The empty 300 one-tenth 30 ° of angles of vertical garbage container of rubbish van 100 vehicle frame haulage gear lifting, then lead Draw vertical garbage container 300 to be slid downwardly in switching mechanism 3, now, the discharge port bottom of vertical garbage container 300 Held by backing frame 32, back track is coordinated with longeron frame 31, width is constrained by main beam 34;It is then lifted out mechanism 4 again Secondary slightly upward lifting switching mechanism 3, main beam 34 is separated from supporting station 53, and supporting station 53 rotates 90 ° outwardly to get out of the way to decline and leads to Road.
Coaxial duplex capstan winch 41 inverts and slowly puts down switching mechanism 3, and rubbish van 300 leaves work surface 11 simultaneously.
When switching mechanism 3 drops to plummet state, pedestal 221 is just bearing in the bottom of vertical garbage container 300 Portion, so that backing frame 32 is come with vertical garbage container 300 disengaging, is then switched off portable plate 111, opens vertical rubbish The charging aperture of container 300, the second oil cylinder 82 drives chute 8 to put down and is enclosed in above charging aperture.
Refuse collector 200 retreats entrance work surface 11 and props up position-limited wheel 85 until trailing wheel, then dumps rubbish, rubbish exists Collecting of chute 8 smoothly enters charging aperture through under shed 82 under constraint, and refuse collector 200 leaves work surface 11, and compactor 7 moves Move above charging aperture, pressure head extends downwardly into tank body compacting rubbish, substantial amounts of air in rubbish, and moisture is extruded out, rubbish Volume-diminished;Second refuse collector 200 enters work surface 11, dumps rubbish, and compactor 7 recompression rubbish weighs successively Again until filling vertical garbage container 300 and closing charging aperture.
Reopen portable plate 111, coaxial duplex capstan winch 41 rotates forward, and again props up vertical when backing frame 32 is flipped up Garbage container 300 bottom, switching mechanism is turned to 30 ° of angles again, and supporting station 53 rotates 90 ° and is bearing in switching mechanism 3 Bottom, rubbish van 100 retreats and enters work surface 11, and haulage gear is drawn in vehicle frame vertical garbage container 300 and set level Transhipment is gone out.
Embodiment 2:
The design of foundation ditch 2 has various structures, and the present embodiment is one of them, on the left of it crater wall be not vertically downward and It is into inclined design, pedestal 221 adopts the Platform Designing of integrated convex, the difference with previous embodiment also has hoisting mechanism 4 to adopt Use sprocket wheel chain lifting, chute 8 is also adopted by chain lifting.
From both the above preferred embodiment, originally put down and do not need to arrange a large amount of occupancy building grounds into formula refuse transfer station of clearing Access bridge, and work surface share, greatly reduce the building ground area of occupancy, saved building cost, compare more existing skill Art embodies prominent technological progress.
Below the preferred embodiment to the invention is illustrated, but the invention be not limited to described Embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art also can make without prejudice on the premise of the invention spirit a variety of equivalent Modification or replacement, these equivalent modifications or replacement are all contained in the application claim limited range.

Claims (26)

1. flat enter to clear formula refuse transfer station, including datum level (1), for constituting the supporting body of refuse transfer station;Its feature exists In further including:
Foundation ditch (2), the space extending downwardly from described datum level (1), for accommodating garbage container;
Switching mechanism (3), is arranged in described foundation ditch (2), for overturning garbage container;
Hoisting mechanism (4), for driving switching mechanism (3);
Described datum level (1) includes the work surface (11) of rubbish vehicle;And
There also is provided in described foundation ditch (2) upset supporting device (5), it include bearing support (51) and be rotatably connected therewith Cushion cap (53);When hoisting mechanism (4) drives switching mechanism (3) to swing to design angle, described supporting station (53) rotates inwardly Out it is used for being bearing in the bottom of described switching mechanism (3).
2. according to claim 1 put down into clear formula refuse transfer station it is characterised in that described switching mechanism (3) with described Foundation ditch (2) is rotatable to be coupled.
3. according to claim 1 put down into clear formula refuse transfer station it is characterised in that described foundation ditch (2) include let droop The crater wall (21) directly enclosing and hole bottom (22);Described hole bottom (22) is provided with the pedestal (221) raising up and is used for supporting rubbish Rubbish container.
4. according to claim 3 put down into clear formula refuse transfer station it is characterised in that described switching mechanism (3) include vertical Roof beam structure (31), backing frame (32) and bearing (33);Described longeron frame (31) and backing frame (32) connect firmly L-shaped;Described bearing (33) it is equiped with horizontal fixing axle (331), it is rotatably connected with crater wall (21).
5. according to claim 4 put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing it is characterised in that described longeron frame (31) is upper and lean on One end of closely described backing frame (32) is disposed with main beam (34), and its end is provided with the positive stop (341) of projection, described spacing It is disposed with pulley (342) in block (341).
6. according to claim 5 put down into clear formula refuse transfer station it is characterised in that described longeron frame (31) include flat Row arrangement longeron (311) and be used for connecting the crossbeam (312) of described longeron (311);Described longeron (311) is near described The end of seat (33) is provided with roller (313).
7. according to claim 5 put down into clear formula refuse transfer station it is characterised in that described hoisting mechanism (4) include with Axle duplex capstan winch (41) and capstan winch pedestal (43), steel wire rope (42) is wrapped on pulley (342).
8. according to claim 3 put down into clear formula refuse transfer station it is characterised in that described hole bottom (22) become inclination angle Degree is to collect liquid.
9. according to claim 1 put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing it is characterised in that also arranging on described foundation ditch (2) There are frame body (6) and the rail (61) being fixed on described frame body (6) top, compactor (7) is installed on rail (61) And can be moved along it.
10. according to claim 9 put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing it is characterised in that also including the chute of funnel (8) it is used for the charging aperture cooperation with garbage container;Described chute (8) is rotatably connected with chute support;When described chute (8) When putting down, the flange of its upper shed (81) and chute fixed station coordinate for supporting chute (8).
11. according to claim 10 put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing it is characterised in that described chute (8) is also equiped with Position-limited wheel (85), stroke when dumping rubbish for spacing refuse collector when described chute (8) puts down.
12. according to claim 6 put down into clear formula refuse transfer station it is characterised in that described foundation ditch (2) near coal-mine extremely This segment distance of described longeron (311) upper end is disposed with portable plate (111), constitutes of work surface (11) when it closes Point.
13. according to claim 1 put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing it is characterised in that described work surface (11) is rubbish Transfer car(buggy) and refuse collector share working area.
14. according to claim 1 put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing it is characterised in that described datum level (1) is soil Ground.
15. according to claim 3 put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing it is characterised in that also including a liquid collecting well (23), It is connected with described hole bottom (22), for collecting the liquid in foundation ditch (2).
16. according to claim 1 put down into clear formula refuse transfer station it is characterised in that work as described switching mechanism (3) quilt When being turned to design angle, its upper end constitutes the stop of rubbish van stroke.
17. according to claim 1 put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing it is characterised in that also arranging in described foundation ditch (2) There is buffer (222), be used for slowing down impulsive force when switching mechanism (3) declines.
18. according to claim 4 put down into clear formula refuse transfer station it is characterised in that described crater wall (21) be provided with convex Platform (211), bearing block is fixed thereon, and described fixing axle (331) is installed in bearing block and is slidably matched therewith.
19. according to claim 1 put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing it is characterised in that also including Hydraulic Station (9), be used for To refuse transfer station each hydraulic system fuel feeding.
20. according to claim 1 put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing it is characterised in that can be with cloth in described foundation ditch (2) Put multiple garbage container berths.
21. such as claim 1 to 20 arbitrary described operational methods put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing are it is characterised in that by such as Lower step is carried out:
S1:Switching mechanism (3) is turned to design angle;
S2:Rubbish van enters work surface (11), and empty garbage container is put into switching mechanism (3);
S3:Rubbish van leaves work surface (11), and switching mechanism (3) declines, and garbage container becomes vertical state;
S4:Refuse collector enters work surface (11), rubbish is poured into and leaves work surface (11) after garbage container;
S5:Follow-up refuse collector repeats S4 step, until garbage container is filled;
S6:Switching mechanism (3) is turned to design angle again;
S7:Rubbish van enters work surface (11), garbage container is drawn in vehicle frame from switching mechanism (3) and transports away.
22. operational methods put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing according to claim 21 are it is characterised in that in S3 step In, when switching mechanism (3) drops to low spot, pedestal (221) is bearing in garbage container bottom.
23. operational methods put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing according to claim 21 are it is characterised in that in S1 or S6 In step, when switching mechanism (3) is turned to design angle, supporting station (53) spins out and is bearing in described switching mechanism (3) main beam (34) two ends.
24. operational methods put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing according to claim 21 are it is characterised in that in S3 step In, after garbage container becomes vertical state, chute (8) is laid down to be enclosed in above garbage container charging aperture.
25. operational methods put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing according to claim 21 are it is characterised in that in S4 or S5 In step, after refuse collector leaves work surface (11), compactor (7) stretches into garbage container compacting rubbish.
26. operational methods put down into formula refuse transfer station of clearing according to claim 21 are it is characterised in that in tipper Before structure (3) is flipped up, portable plate (111) is opened;After switching mechanism (3) is downwardly turned over, portable plate (111) It is closed.
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CN104340572B (en) * 2014-10-31 2017-09-05 河源市绿华环保设备有限公司 A kind of pressed refuse transfer post and its waste transportation railway carriage
CN106355869A (en) * 2015-07-24 2017-01-25 徐工集团工程机械股份有限公司 Vehicle scheduling method and system
CN106865082B (en) * 2017-04-04 2022-09-09 扬州金威环保科技有限公司 Same-in and same-out vertical type garbage transfer station

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JP3198246B2 (en) * 1995-07-04 2001-08-13 大和製衡株式会社 Garbage container reversing device
US6616400B1 (en) * 2002-05-22 2003-09-09 Victor J. Caponey Method for highly efficient refuse removal from a construction site
CN100575219C (en) * 2005-11-18 2009-12-30 山东理工大学 The turning type underground compressed garbage transhipment station
CN100532080C (en) * 2008-01-24 2009-08-26 阮志华 Preposed garbage bucket structure
CN202016698U (en) * 2011-04-19 2011-10-26 湖南省神六机械制造有限公司 Horizontal garbage compression station adopting four-column bracket with extended collecting device
CN103318587B (en) * 2013-06-28 2015-12-30 长治清华机械厂 Refuse transfer station
CN203740433U (en) * 2014-03-18 2014-07-30 上海中荷环保有限公司 Flat-in flat-out type refuse transfer station

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