CN103818494A - Vehicle - Google Patents

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Publication number
CN103818494A
CN103818494A CN201410099521.7A CN201410099521A CN103818494A CN 103818494 A CN103818494 A CN 103818494A CN 201410099521 A CN201410099521 A CN 201410099521A CN 103818494 A CN103818494 A CN 103818494A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
compartment
traveling portion
meters
lifting mechanism
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410099521.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张迪
张开婷
张一诺
Original Assignee
张迪
张一诺
张开婷
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Publication date
Application filed by 张迪, 张一诺, 张开婷 filed Critical 张迪
Priority to CN201410099521.7A priority Critical patent/CN103818494A/en
Publication of CN103818494A publication Critical patent/CN103818494A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a vehicle. The vehicle comprises a braking system and a power system and further comprises a compartment, a left support, a right support, a left walking part and a right walking part. The compartment comprises a left compartment wall and a right compartment wall and used for containing people or objects. The left support is located on the left of the left compartment wall and connected with the left compartment wall through a left lifting mechanism so that the compartment can rise and fall along the left support. The right support is located on the right of the right compartment wall and connected with the right compartment wall through a right lifting mechanism so that the compartment can rise and fall along the right support. The left support is installed on the left walking part, and the right support is installed on the right walking part. The power system is used for driving the left walking part and the right walking part, and the braking system is used for braking the two walking parts. Each walking part comprises a walking frame and at least two wheels installed on the walking frame, so that the vehicle is suitable for driving on the road. The vehicle is shaped like inverted U in the driving direction so as to allow other vehicles to pass through below the compartment.

Description

A kind of vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of vehicles, especially a kind of vehicle.
Background technology
Modern public transport means generally comprises city motor bus, electric car and subway.City motor bus is the main traffic instrument of most cities.Although city motor bus operating cost is lower, travel flexibly, in its driving process, can produce large quantity of exhaust gas and noise.Electric car comprises trackless trolley car and tramway train, have the advantages such as zero-emission, noise be little, but its running route is restricted.When city motor bus and electric car operation, need to take a large amount of path resources.The passenger capacity of subway is large, moving velocity is fast, but its investment and operating cost are larger, thereby is difficult to build.
Now, someone has proposed the design of elevated car, by built on stilts electric car and broadening, utilizes the space of urban highway top as shipping platform, the dillies such as roadlice can be travelled under the vehicle body of elevated car, thereby increase the transportation volume of vehicle and road.
But this elevated car is only adapted at spaciousness without aerial barrage and has the region of track to travel.Because the car body of elevated car is very high, therefore, above being not suitable for laying track and road on road surface, for example exist: when the aerial barrages such as electric wire, advertising panel, bridge, travelling of this elevated car will be restricted.In addition, in order to remove these obstacles, or in order to walk around these obstacles, it is high that the cost of road construction can become.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of vehicle, thereby this vehicle makes compartment along left side brackets and right side support lifting by lifting mechanism is installed respectively between between compartment and left side brackets and compartment and right side support, and adopt wheel to travel across track, need not transform road-based infrastructure, travel flexible, , can regulate far from the distance on ground compartment, therefore make this vehicle can either allow other vehicle to pass through below compartment, can for example exist again, electric wire, advertising panel, when the aerial barrages such as bridge, reduce whole height, thereby pass through from the below of aerial barrage, to make full use of the space resources between 2 meters to 4 meters, road overhead and to adjust in time bodywork height avoiding barrier, effectively improve Road Transportation Volume.
First aspect, embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of vehicle, and it comprises brake system, power system, it is characterized in that, and described vehicle also comprises:
Compartment, it comprises Bi Heyou compartment, left compartment wall, and described compartment is used for holding people or thing;
Left side brackets, it is positioned at the left side of described left compartment wall and is connected with described left compartment wall by least one sinistral hoist structure, makes described compartment along this left side brackets lifting;
Right side support, it is positioned at the right side of described right compartment wall and is connected with described right compartment wall by least one dextral hoist structure, makes the Yan Gai right side support lifting of described compartment;
At least one left side traveling portion, is provided with described left side brackets on it; And
At least one right side traveling portion, is provided with described right side support on it;
Wherein, described power system is used for driving described at least one left side traveling portion and described at least one right side traveling portion, and described brake system is braked described at least one left side traveling portion and described at least one right side traveling portion,
Wherein, each in described at least one left side traveling portion and described at least one right side traveling portion includes:
Walking frame; And
Be installed at least two wheels of described walking frame, make described vehicle be suitable for travelling on road surface;
Wherein, it is inverted U-shaped that described vehicle is on travel direction, to allow other vehicle to pass through from below, described compartment.
Second aspect, also comprises according to the vehicle of embodiment of the present invention:
Control loop, it is for controlling the direction of described vehicle, and in the time being equipped with magnetic track nail on the road of described Vehicle Driving Cycle, described control loop utilizes the travel direction of vehicle described in magnetic markers navigation control.
The third aspect, according in the vehicle of embodiment of the present invention, each in described at least one sinistral hoist structure and described at least one dextral hoist structure is one of gear-rack type lifter structure, pulley-type lifting mechanism, chain-type lifting mechanism, screw rod type lifter structure, sleeve-type lifting mechanism, scissor-type lifting mechanism and folding-jib lifting mechanism.
Fourth aspect, also comprises according to the vehicle of embodiment of the present invention:
Monitor, whether its below for the front, top, rear, left and right-hand and the described compartment that monitor described vehicle there is object, and when monitoring while there is object, for detection of the height of this object, speed with apart from least one in the distance of described vehicle
Wherein, described at least one lifting mechanism is according to the supervision result of described detector and/or testing result work.
The 5th aspect, according in the vehicle of embodiment of the present invention, adjust the height in described compartment by described at least one sinistral hoist structure and described at least one dextral hoist structure, make the bottom surface in described compartment and the distance on ground be more than or equal to 2 meters, and make the vertex of described vehicle and the distance on ground be less than or equal to 4.5 meters, and
Minimum horizontal distance between described at least one left side traveling portion and described at least one right side traveling portion and the minimum horizontal distance between described left side brackets and described right side support are all more than or equal to 2.5 meters, or be all more than or equal to 5 meters, or be all more than or equal to 7.5 meters.
The 6th aspect, according in the vehicle of embodiment of the present invention, in the time making described compartment drop to nadir by described at least one sinistral hoist structure and described at least one dextral hoist structure, the bottom surface in described compartment is 5 centimetres to 30 centimetres far from the distance on ground,
Minor increment between Bi Heyou compartment, left compartment wall in described compartment is more than or equal to 2 meters, or is more than or equal to 4.5 meters, or is more than or equal to 7 meters.
The 7th aspect, according in the vehicle of embodiment of the present invention, in Bi Heyou compartment, the left compartment wall in described compartment one of be at least provided with at least one door so that passenger comes in and goes out described compartment.
Eight aspect, according in the vehicle of embodiment of the present invention, described compartment comprises front compartment wall and trunk wall, in described front compartment wall and described trunk wall, one of is at least provided with opening so that other vehicle sails and roll away from described compartment into.
The 9th aspect, according in the vehicle of embodiment of the present invention, described compartment is provided with bont, for when described Vehicle Driving Cycle is to above object time, by bont, described object is promoted described car bottom, or rise in described compartment, or rise to described car body top; Described bont comprises following at least one: mechanical arm, hanging basket, suspension hook and claw hook.
The tenth aspect, according in the vehicle of embodiment of the present invention, at least one end in the rear and front end in described compartment is provided with traffic signal lamp, to indicate whether allowing described other vehicle to enter under described compartment to other vehicle at described vehicle front and/or rear.
Technique scheme has following beneficial effect: thereby because this vehicle has adopted by lifting mechanism is installed respectively between between compartment and left side brackets and compartment and right side support and made the technological means of compartment along left side brackets and right side support lifting, so reached the space resources making full use of between 2 meters to 4 meters, road overhead and adjusted in time bodywork height avoiding barrier, effectively having improved the technique effect of Road Transportation Volume.; vehicle according to the invention not only can regulate far from the distance on ground compartment; make this vehicle can either allow other vehicle to pass through below compartment; again can exist for example: when the aerial barrages such as electric wire, advertising panel, bridge, reduce whole height, thereby pass through from the below of aerial barrage; And adopt wheel to travel across track, and need not transform road-based infrastructure, travel flexible.The in the situation that of application vehicle according to the invention, not be used in and on road, lay track and do not need the aerial barrage in the region that vehicle is passed clear up or detour, maneuverability travels, travel owing to can crossing over general-utility car, take full advantage of the space resources of 2 meters to 4 meters of road tops, can avoid urban traffic congestion.
In the time that the compartment of vehicle according to the invention has been reduced to nadir along left side brackets and right side support, the bottom surface in compartment is very near far from ground, for example, and 5 centimetres to 30 centimetres.Therefore, in the time that vehicle according to the invention is used to transport other vehicle, in the case of the platform facilities that there is no special construction, other vehicle can sail and roll away from compartment into from the opening direct (or utilizing simple gradient plate) of front-end and back-end, compartment on the ground, thereby make other vehicle and to avoid the traffic of stopping up through vehicle according to the invention delivery, arrive fast the local of unhampered low of traffic or the nearest place apart from destination.And, in the time of vehicle according to the invention transport of passengers, not needing special platform structure, passenger can easily enter compartment from ground through the car door of compartment left and right sides.Especially, the bottom surface in compartment is very near far from ground, and for example, 5 centimetres to 30 centimetres, this makes some handicapped personages can enter relatively easily compartment.And, in the time running into some emergency situations, not needing the special station of building, the vehicle that vehicle according to the invention is transported or passenger can easily leave arrival ground, compartment, and this safety for support personnel and/or vehicle is highly beneficial.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or description of the Prior Art be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram on its direct of travel according to the vehicle of first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram raising compared to the height of wagon shown in Fig. 1 according to the compartment of the vehicle of first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram declining compared to the height of wagon shown in Fig. 1 according to the compartment of the vehicle of first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 4 be shown in Fig. 1 according to the lateral plan of the vehicle of first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 is according to the lateral plan of the vehicle of second embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 6 shows an example of the gear-rack type lifter structure that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Fig. 7 shows an example of the pulley-type lifting mechanism that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Fig. 8 shows an example of the chain-type lifting mechanism that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Fig. 9 shows an example of the screw rod type lifter structure that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Figure 10 shows an example of the sleeve-type lifting mechanism that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Figure 11 shows an example of the scissor-type lifting mechanism that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Figure 12 shows an example of the folding-jib lifting mechanism that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Figure 13 and Figure 14 are the schematic diagram on its direct of travel according to the vehicle with bont of third embodiment of the invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skills, not making the every other embodiment obtaining under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram on its direct of travel according to the vehicle of first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram raising compared to the height of wagon shown in Fig. 1 according to the compartment of the vehicle of first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram declining compared to the height of wagon shown in Fig. 1 according to the compartment of the vehicle of first embodiment of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, comprise according to the vehicle 100 of first embodiment of the invention: compartment 110, it comprises left compartment wall 111 and right compartment wall 112, and compartment 110 is for holding people or thing; Left side brackets 120, it is positioned at the left side of left compartment wall 111 and is connected with left compartment wall 111 by least one sinistral hoist structure 140, makes compartment 110 along these left side brackets 120 liftings; Right side support 130, it is positioned at the right side of right compartment wall 112 and is connected with right compartment wall 112 by least one dextral hoist structure 150, makes support 130 liftings of 110Yan Gai right side, compartment.Those skilled in the art are appreciated that the vehicle 100 that comprises multiple left side brackets 120 and multiple right sides support 130 looks identical with the vehicle 100 only with a left side brackets 120 and a right side support 130 on its direct of travel.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, also comprise according to the vehicle 100 of first embodiment of the invention: at least one left side traveling portion 160, is provided with left side brackets 120 on it; And at least one right side traveling portion 170, right side support 130 is installed on it.It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the vehicle 100 that comprises multiple left side traveling portion 160 and multiple right side traveling portion 170 looks identical with the vehicle 100 only with a left side traveling portion 160 and a right side traveling portion 170 on its direct of travel.As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, left side traveling portion 160 comprises: walking frame 161; And be installed at least two wheels 162 of walking frame 161, make vehicle 100 be suitable for travelling on road surface.Right side traveling portion 170 is identical with left side traveling portion 160 structures, and correspondingly, right side traveling portion 170 comprises: walking frame 171; And be installed at least two wheels 172 of walking frame 171, make vehicle 100 be suitable for travelling on road surface.
The vehicle 100 according to first embodiment of the invention shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 also comprises brake system (not shown), power system (not shown).In the vehicle 100 of first embodiment of the invention, power system is used for driving left side traveling portion 160 and right side traveling portion 170, and brake system is braked left side traveling portion 160 and right side traveling portion 170.The power system, the brake system that it will be understood by those skilled in the art that this vehicle can adopt power system, the brake system that is applicable to vehicle commonly known in the art, and therefore, applicant has omitted the detailed description to power system, brake system at this.
Preferably, power system can comprise following at least one: electric propulsion system, internal combustion engine drive systems.It will be understood by those skilled in the art that and can external power be caused by clearance line to the voltage transformer being arranged in compartment, and voltage transformer powers to drive wheel by the cable along left side brackets and/or right side rack arrangement to the electrical motor being positioned on walking frame.For example, combustion engine generating can be set in compartment, and electric power be provided to the electrical motor being positioned on walking frame to drive wheel.For example, can on walking frame, electrical motor be set or combustion engine drives wheel.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, on travel direction, be inverted U-shaped according to the vehicle 100 of first embodiment of the invention, to allow other vehicle (can be also people, animal or other object certainly) to pass through from 110 belows, compartment.,, on the travel direction of vehicle 100, compartment 110, left side brackets 120, left side traveling portion 160, right side support 130 and right side traveling portion 170 are structurally inverted U-shaped, and compartment 110 is positioned at this inverted U-shaped top.Therefore, for example, can from this is inverted U-shaped, pass through than this inverted U-shaped interior little object (, vehicle) of bulk, that is, pass through from 110 belows, compartment.Therefore, vehicle according to the invention 100 can be travelled in the situation that not taking surface road.
As shown in Figure 2, according in the vehicle 100 of first embodiment of the invention, sinistral hoist structure 140 and dextral hoist structure 150 are worked, and make compared to the compartment 110 shown in Fig. 1, and the compartment 110 in Fig. 2 raises along left side brackets 120 and right side support 130.In the case, the end face in the compartment 110 of this vehicle 100 and bottom surface will increase compared to the situation in Fig. 1 apart from the distance on the ground at the place under this vehicle 100.Therefore, highly higher object just can be passed through in 110 belows, compartment, for example, and higher vehicle.
As shown in Figure 3, according in the vehicle 100 of first embodiment of the invention, sinistral hoist structure 140 and dextral hoist structure 150 are worked, and make compared to the compartment 110 shown in Fig. 1, and the compartment 110 in Fig. 3 declines along left side brackets 120 and right side support 130.In the case, the end face in the compartment 110 of this vehicle 100 and bottom surface will reduce compared to the situation in Fig. 1 apart from the distance on the ground at the place under this vehicle 100.Therefore, the whole height of this vehicle 100 declines, thereby can for example, pass from aerial barrage thing (, electric wireline, advertising panel, bridge etc.) below.
In addition, in vehicle according to the invention, according to actual needs, can in very large range adjust by the lifting of sinistral hoist structure and dextral hoist structure the height of vehicle of the present invention.For example, as required, make the under-vehicle can be by the automobile of most types by the lifting of sinistral hoist structure and dextral hoist structure, and the below of obstacle be passed through aloft.
Preferably, in vehicle according to the invention, the height of adjusting compartment by sinistral hoist structure and dextral hoist structure, makes the bottom surface of vehicle car and the distance on ground be more than or equal to 2 meters, and makes the vertex of vehicle and the distance on ground be less than or equal to 4.5 meters.It will be understood by those skilled in the art that vehicle according to the invention must not meet these two height conditions simultaneously, but can utilize lifting mechanism to adjust according to actual needs the height of vehicle.For example, in the time running into the bus that highly exceedes 2 meters, the compartment of vehicle according to the invention can raise exceed this bus for the height of bottom surface, compartment height to pass through from this bus top.Therefore,, by sinistral hoist structure and dextral hoist structure are worked like this, make vehicle car bottom surface can pass through general automobile far from the height on ground, and make vehicle can not encounter the lower end of general bridge or the top in tunnel in the top in compartment in motion.Certainly, if having automobile or other object below compartment in encountering aerial barrage thing time, vehicle according to the invention can be stopped and be removed with automobile or the object of waiting until below, then passes through from aerial barrage thing below.Cannot reduce height when run into traffic congestion in the time meeting with aerial barrage thing time, vehicle according to the invention can be travelled above the road of traffic congestion, thereby other section of detouring is to avoid the section that blocks up.
Preferably, in vehicle according to the invention, in the time making compartment drop to nadir by sinistral hoist structure and dextral hoist structure, the bottom surface in compartment is 5 centimetres to 30 centimetres far from the distance on ground.Very near far from ground in the bottom surface in compartment, in the time that vehicle according to the invention is used to transport other vehicle, in the case of the platform facilities that there is no special construction, other vehicle can sail and roll away from compartment into from the opening direct (or utilizing simple gradient plate) of front-end and back-end, compartment on the ground, thereby make other vehicle and to avoid the traffic of stopping up through vehicle delivery, arrive fast the local of unhampered low of traffic or the nearest place apart from destination.And, in the time of vehicle according to the invention transport of passengers, not needing special platform structure, passenger can easily enter compartment from ground through the car door of compartment left and right sides.And, in the time running into some emergency situations, not needing the special station of building, the vehicle that vehicle according to the invention is transported or passenger can easily leave arrival ground, compartment, and this safety for support personnel and/or vehicle is highly beneficial.Especially, the bottom surface in compartment is very near far from ground, and for example, 5 centimetres to 30 centimetres, this makes some handicapped personages can enter relatively easily compartment.Although being less than 5 centimetres far from the distance on ground, the bottom surface in compartment also can make other vehicle or passenger can easily pass in and out on the ground compartment, but due to ground on may exist and rise and fall or the foreign material of some or stone and so on, these all may make cabin floor impaired, therefore, the preferably bottom surface in compartment far from ground 5 centimetres to 30 centimetres of the present invention.Certainly, as required, the nadir that those skilled in the art can compartment is set to compartment and falls on the ground, or apart from ground higher than 30 centimetres.Therefore, vehicle according to the invention maneuverability, is particularly suitable for using in the big city of heavy traffic.
In addition, the width that vehicle of the present invention is crossed over can be set according to actual needs.Preferably, the minimum horizontal distance between left side traveling portion and the right side traveling portion of vehicle and the minimum horizontal distance between left side brackets and right side support are all more than or equal to 2.5 meters, or are all more than or equal to 5 meters, or are all more than or equal to 7.5 meters.It should be noted that, lane width of Ordinary road is 2.5 meters, therefore, in the time that the minimum horizontal distance between minimum horizontal distance and left side brackets and right side support between the left side of vehicle traveling portion and right side traveling portion is set to be more than or equal to 2.5 meters, can hold 1 automobile by the below, compartment of vehicle; While being set to be more than or equal to 5 meters, can hold 2 automobiles side by side by the below, compartment of vehicle; While being set to be more than or equal to 7.5 meters, can hold 3 automobiles side by side by the below, compartment of vehicle.In addition, the width that vehicle of the present invention is crossed over can be not limited in this, and those skilled in the art's width that vehicle is crossed over is according to actual needs set to wider or narrower.
In addition, in vehicle according to the invention, the minor increment between Bi Heyou compartment, the left compartment wall in compartment is more than or equal to 2 meters, or is more than or equal to 4.5 meters, or is more than or equal to 7 meters.Minor increment between Bi Heyou compartment, left compartment wall in compartment is more than or equal to the situation of 2 meters and is all more than or equal to the situation of 2.5 meters corresponding to the minimum horizontal distance between left side traveling portion and the right side traveling portion of vehicle and the minimum horizontal distance between left side brackets and right side support, now, interior width can hold a common family car.Minor increment between Bi Heyou compartment, left compartment wall in compartment is more than or equal to the situation of 4.5 meters and is all more than or equal to the situation of 5 meters corresponding to the minimum horizontal distance between left side traveling portion and the right side traveling portion of vehicle and the minimum horizontal distance between left side brackets and right side support, now, interior width can hold two common family cars.Minor increment between Bi Heyou compartment, left compartment wall in compartment is more than or equal to the situation of 7 meters and is all more than or equal to the situation of 7.5 meters corresponding to the minimum horizontal distance between left side traveling portion and the right side traveling portion of vehicle and the minimum horizontal distance between left side brackets and right side support, now, interior width can hold three common family cars.
For example, in the time that vehicle according to the invention is transported other vehicles (family car), for example, because this vehicle can make compartment (drop to nadir by sinistral hoist structure and dextral hoist structure, the bottom surface in compartment is 5 centimetres to 30 centimetres far from the distance on ground), and in compartment, can hold many other vehicles, therefore, the vehicle betransporteding can according to destination apart from distance compliably face directly sail in compartment, and in the time arriving the destination of each vehicle, output successively compartment and directly arrive ground.Therefore, vehicle according to the invention is particularly suitable in big city, between each place, transporting other common vehicle, so that the vehicle betransporteding is avoided traffic congestion, arrives fast the local of unhampered low of traffic or the nearest place apart from destination.
In addition, at least one end in the rear and front end in the compartment of vehicle can be provided with traffic signal lamp, to indicate whether to allow other vehicle to enter under compartment to other vehicle at vehicle front and/or rear.For example, in the time that vehicle will reduce height, the traffic signal lantern festival on compartment is shown as red light, forbids that to indicate other vehicle enters under vehicle.Again for example, for example, in the time that the height of vehicle is elevated to a safe altitude (, 2 meters far from ground of bottom surfaces, compartment), the traffic signal lantern festival on vehicle is shown as green light, allows other vehicle to enter under compartment to indicate.Traffic signal lamp are set on vehicle and can make other vehicle safety through vehicle, thereby avoid the generation of collision case.
Preferably, the compartment of vehicle of the present invention can comprise front compartment wall, trunk wall, left compartment wall, right compartment wall and cabin floor.It should be noted that, embodiment of the present invention vehicle can be to open paulin, is used as to go sightseeing when manned, and roof is not necessary.On cabin floor, can be provided with safety seat, for after passenger is seated on safety seat, fasten seat belts.In vehicle of the present invention, in Bi Heyou compartment, the left compartment wall in compartment one of be at least provided with at least one door so that passenger comes in and goes out compartment.In vehicle of the present invention, in front compartment wall and trunk wall, one of be at least provided with opening so that other vehicle sails and roll away from compartment into.
Preferably, the front compartment wall of vehicle of the present invention, trunk wall, left compartment wall, right compartment wall are height adjustable structure, can reduce whenever necessary height of wagon like this, or compartment is designed to bilayer, to increase the lift-launch amount of passenger or goods.It will be understood by those skilled in the art that and can from prior art, obtain height adjustable structure, for example, compartment wall is set to the structure of upper and lower Multi-section telescopic formula.
Fig. 4 be shown in Fig. 1 according to the lateral plan of the vehicle of first embodiment of the invention.
As shown in Figure 4, according in the vehicle 100 of first embodiment of the invention, in left side traveling portion 160, left side brackets 120 is installed.Left side traveling portion 160 has walking frame 161 and two wheels 162.Left side brackets 120 for example, connects by multiple (, 4) sinistral hoist structure 140 with compartment 110, makes compartment 110 along left side brackets 120 liftings.It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that, can be by the vehicle shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 the traveling portion of the either side on its direct of travel be called left side traveling portion (right side traveling portion) and the traveling portion of opposite side be called to right side traveling portion (left side traveling portion), and the support of either side is called to left side brackets (right side support) and the support of opposite side is called to right side support (left side brackets), and can not affect the understanding of the structure to vehicle of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is according to the lateral plan of the vehicle of second embodiment of the invention.
As shown in Figure 5, comprise compartment 210, left side brackets 220, right side support (not shown), three left side traveling portions 260, three right side traveling portion (not shown), power system (not shown) and brake system (not shown) according to the vehicle 200 of second embodiment of the invention.Left side brackets 220 for example, connects by multiple (, 6) sinistral hoist structure 240 with compartment 210, makes compartment 210 along left side brackets 220 liftings.The difference according to the vehicle 100 of first embodiment of the invention according to shown in the vehicle 200 of second embodiment of the invention and Fig. 4 shown in Fig. 5 is only that vehicle 200 comprises three left side traveling portions 260, and in three left side traveling portions 260, left side brackets 220 is being installed.But, identical with the left side traveling portion 160 according in the vehicle 100 of first embodiment of the invention shown in Fig. 4, the each left side traveling portion 260 according in the vehicle 200 of second embodiment of the invention shown in Fig. 5 also has walking frame 261 and two wheels 262.Although it will be understood by those skilled in the art that in Fig. 5 not shownly, have and three corresponding three right side traveling portions of left side traveling portion 260 according to the vehicle 200 of second embodiment of the invention.And, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that, be not limited to the structure of the vehicle shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, vehicle according to the invention can comprise two, four or more left side traveling portion and two, four or more right side traveling portion, and the more meeting of traveling portion makes the turning efficiency of vehicle better.
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that on the left side of vehicle and right side and all arrange multiple traveling portion, each traveling portion can only comprise a wheel, can realize thus the stable of this vehicle and travel.In addition, it is only also example that each traveling portion of the vehicle of the present invention shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 all has two wheels, can on a walking frame, more wheels be installed.It will be understood by those skilled in the art that a traveling portion comprises that two or more wheels contribute to improve stability and the load carrying behaviour of vehicle.Wheel makes vehicle be suitable for travelling on road surface.Wheel can be used prior art manufacture, omits its detailed description at this.
In addition, a walking frame can be installed two or more wheels and can arrange in a row along vehicle direct of travel, or arrange one or more groups wheel along vehicle direct of travel on a walking frame, every group of wheel comprises the wheel that two or more are coaxial, but embodiment of the present invention is not as limit.It will be understood by those skilled in the art that a traveling portion comprises that two or more wheels contribute to improve stability and the load carrying behaviour of vehicle.
In vehicle of the present invention, between a support (left side brackets or right side support) and compartment, at least exist one (in Fig. 4, to be 4, and in Fig. 5, be 6) lifting mechanism, each lifting mechanism can be same lifting mechanism, can be also different lifting mechanisms.For example, each lifting mechanism in the vehicle shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 is gear-rack type lifter structure.But, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the lifting mechanism shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 can be also the lifting mechanism of another type, or various types of lifting mechanism.,, in vehicle according to the invention, various lifting mechanism can be used in conjunction with each other.For example, a lifting mechanism can be one of gear-rack type lifter structure, pulley-type lifting mechanism, chain-type lifting mechanism, screw rod type lifter structure, sleeve-type lifting mechanism, scissor-type lifting mechanism and folding-jib lifting mechanism.
Thereby because having adopted by lifting mechanism is installed respectively between between compartment and left side brackets and compartment and right side support, this vehicle makes the technological means of compartment along left side brackets and right side support lifting, so reached the space resources making full use of between 2 meters to 4 meters, road overhead and adjusted in time bodywork height avoiding barrier, effectively having improved the technique effect of Road Transportation Volume.; vehicle according to the invention not only can regulate far from the distance on ground compartment; make this vehicle can either allow other vehicle to pass through below compartment; again can exist for example: when the aerial barrages such as electric wire, advertising panel, bridge, reduce whole height, thereby pass through from the below of aerial barrage; And adopt wheel to travel across track, and need not transform road-based infrastructure, travel flexible.The in the situation that of application vehicle according to the invention, not be used in and on road, lay track and do not need the aerial barrage in the region that vehicle is passed clear up or detour, maneuverability travels, travel owing to can crossing over general-utility car, take full advantage of the space resources of 2 meters to 4 meters of road tops, can avoid urban traffic congestion.
Preferably, vehicle can also comprise: control loop, it is for controlling the direction of vehicle, in the time being equipped with magnetic track nail on the road of Vehicle Driving Cycle, for example, under the operation such as control loop utilizes the travel direction of magnetic markers navigation control vehicle, turning, is unlikely to depart from.It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that, the control loop of this vehicle can adopt the control loop that is applicable to vehicle commonly known in the art, by the control loop of prior art, chaufeur can send turn sign in operator's compartment, this signal is delivered to the steering hardware being positioned on walking frame in wired or wireless mode, thereby controls wheel steering.Therefore, applicant has omitted the detailed description to control loop at this.
Preferably, each lifting mechanism in sinistral hoist structure and dextral hoist structure can be one of gear-rack type lifter structure, pulley-type lifting mechanism, chain-type lifting mechanism, screw rod type lifter structure, sleeve-type lifting mechanism, scissor-type lifting mechanism and folding-jib lifting mechanism.
Fig. 6 shows an example of the gear-rack type lifter structure that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Fig. 7 shows an example of the pulley-type lifting mechanism that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Fig. 8 shows an example of the chain-type lifting mechanism that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Fig. 9 shows an example of the screw rod type lifter structure that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Figure 10 shows an example of the sleeve-type lifting mechanism that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Figure 11 shows an example of the scissor-type lifting mechanism that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
Figure 12 shows an example of the folding-jib lifting mechanism that can be used in vehicle according to the invention.
The structure of all kinds lifting mechanism shown in above Fig. 6 to Figure 12 is only example, and the lifting mechanism of same type can adopt different structures.In addition, vehicle of the present invention can also adopt the lifting mechanism of other type.
In addition, between a support shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 (left side brackets or right side support) and compartment, having four or six lifting mechanisms is only example.As required, one, two, three, five, seven or more lifting mechanism can be installed between a support and compartment.
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the kind of above-mentioned lifting mechanism and the quantity of lifting mechanism are only all examples, as required, other lifting mechanism and the lifting mechanism of other quantity of the prior art can be applied to vehicle of the present invention.In addition, the lifting mechanism of some redundancies can also be set in vehicle, even if make some lifting mechanisms break down and cannot work, remaining lifting mechanism also can normally work to make compartment to raise or reduce.
Preferably, vehicle according to the invention can also comprise monitor (not shown).In the time that vehicle comprises multiple monitor, multiple monitors can be placed in any one position in end face, bottom surface, front end, rear end, left side, right side and left side traveling portion and the right side traveling portion in compartment.Whether the below that monitor is used for the front, top, rear, left and right-hand and the compartment that monitor vehicle there is object, for example, the electric wireline of vehicle front, rear and top, advertising panel, bridge etc., and the vehicles or pedestrians of vehicle front, rear and below, compartment etc.When monitor monitors while there is object, detect the height, speed of this object and apart from least one in the distance of vehicle.Lifting mechanism carrys out work according to supervision result and/or the testing result of monitor, that is, lifting mechanism raises, reduces or remain unchanged.Certainly, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that lifting mechanism can manual control, also can automatically control, and the detail of the control to lifting mechanism is existing description in the prior art, is not described in detail at this.
For example, when monitoring under-vehicle, monitor there is other vehicle, and the bottom surface that compartment detected is near (apart from the vertex of this vehicle, be less than or equal to a certain the first safety distance, for example, 10 centimetres) time, lifting mechanism does not operate so that compartment keeps highly constant or raise operating so that compartment raises, thereby prevents that compartment from contacting with the vehicle of its below.Again for example, in the time that monitor monitors under-vehicle and does not have other vehicle, although or there is other vehicle when monitor monitors under-vehicle, but the bottom surface in compartment (, is more than or equal to a certain the second safety distance, for example apart from the distant of this vehicle vertex, 50 centimetres) time, lifting mechanism does not operate so that compartment keeps highly constant, or reduces operation so that compartment reduces, thereby makes compartment avoid aerial obstacle.
Monitor in embodiment of the present invention can be any monitor of the prior art, for example, and optical monitoring device, radio monitoring device, ultrasonic monitor etc.
Figure 13 and Figure 14 are the schematic diagram on its direct of travel according to the vehicle with bont of third embodiment of the invention.
Particularly, in the compartment of the vehicle shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, be provided with bont, for when Vehicle Driving Cycle is to object when top, by bont, object (being an automobile in Figure 13 and Figure 14) risen in compartment.In addition, as required, object can also be promoted car bottom according to the vehicle with bont of third embodiment of the invention, or rise to car body top.Bont comprises following at least one: mechanical arm, hanging basket, suspension hook and claw hook.In addition, it should be noted that, embodiment of the present invention bont can be deliverance apparatus, comprises and puts down rescue group, promotes the wounded, disabled vehicle, and application example of the present invention is not as limit.
For example, as shown in figure 13, when getting into an accident according to the track of the vehicle institute warp of third embodiment of the invention while causing blocking up, can utilize this 2 meters of spaces to 4 meters of left and right, top, track according to the vehicle of third embodiment of the invention, and adjust the height of compartment far from ground by lifting mechanism at any time according to the height difference of other vehicle, to increase the space of inverted U-shaped below.Therefore, can realize across other common vehicle and driveing to the scene of the accident according to the vehicle of third embodiment of the invention, thereby launch rescue, for example carry the wounded by hanging basket, or utilize control unit or control module that the objects such as accident vehicle are promoted car bottom by mechanical arm, or rise in compartment and (see Figure 14), or rise to car body top, so that road keeps is unimpeded.
In addition, in vehicle according to the invention, according to actual needs, can in very large range adjust by the lifting of lifting mechanism the height of vehicle of the present invention.For example, as required, make the under-vehicle can be by the automobile of most types by the lifting of lifting mechanism, and the below of obstacle be passed through aloft.Preferably, at least one lifting mechanism of vehicle according to the invention makes the bottom surface of vehicle car and the distance on ground be more than or equal to 2 meters, and makes the vertex of vehicle and the distance on ground be less than or equal to 4.5 meters.It will be understood by those skilled in the art that vehicle according to the invention must not meet these two height conditions simultaneously, but can utilize lifting mechanism to adjust according to actual needs height of car.For example, in the time running into the bus that highly exceedes 2 meters, the compartment of vehicle according to the invention can raise exceed this bus for the height of bottom surface, compartment height to pass through from this bus top.Therefore,, by lifting mechanism is worked like this, make vehicle car bottom surface can pass through general automobile far from the height on ground, and make vehicle can not encounter the lower end of general bridge or the top in tunnel in the top in compartment in motion.Certainly, if having automobile or other object below compartment in encountering aerial barrage thing time, vehicle according to the invention can be stopped and be removed with automobile or the object of waiting until below, then passes through from aerial barrage thing below.Cannot reduce height when run into traffic congestion in the time meeting with aerial barrage thing time, vehicle according to the invention can be travelled above the road of traffic congestion, thereby other section of detouring is to avoid the section that blocks up.Again for example, when vehicle according to the invention is stopped so that the automobile of passenger or carrying when entering compartment or leaving compartment, make compartment (for example drop to nadir by the lifting of lifting mechanism, 5 centimetres to 30 centimetres far from ground of bottom surfaces, compartment), thus make passenger or the vehicle can be easily from turnover compartment, ground.Therefore, vehicle according to the invention maneuverability, is particularly suitable for using in the big city of heavy traffic.
Technique scheme has following beneficial effect:
Because the technological means that this vehicle has adopted wheel and lifting mechanism is installed between compartment and walking frame, so reached the space resources making full use of between 2 meters to 4 meters, road overhead and adjusted in time bodywork height avoiding barrier, effectively having improved the technique effect of Road Transportation Volume.; vehicle according to the invention not only can regulate far from the distance on ground compartment; make this vehicle can either allow other vehicle to pass through below compartment; again can exist for example: when the aerial barrages such as electric wire, advertising panel, bridge, reduce whole height, thereby pass through from the below of aerial barrage; And adopt wheel to travel across track, and need not transform road-based infrastructure, travel flexible.The in the situation that of application vehicle according to the invention, not be used in and on road, lay track and do not need the aerial barrage in the region that vehicle is passed clear up or detour, maneuverability travels, travel owing to can crossing over general-utility car, take full advantage of the space resources of 2 meters to 4 meters of road tops, can avoid urban traffic congestion.
In the time that the compartment of vehicle according to the invention has been reduced to nadir along left side brackets and right side support, the bottom surface in compartment is very near far from ground, for example, and 5 centimetres to 30 centimetres.Therefore, in the time that vehicle according to the invention is used to transport other vehicle, in the case of the platform facilities that there is no special construction, other vehicle can sail and roll away from compartment into from the opening direct (or utilizing simple gradient plate) of front-end and back-end, compartment on the ground, thereby make other vehicle and to avoid the traffic of stopping up through vehicle according to the invention delivery, arrive fast the local of unhampered low of traffic or the nearest place apart from destination.And, in the time of vehicle according to the invention transport of passengers, not needing special platform structure, passenger can easily enter compartment from ground through the car door of compartment left and right sides.Especially, the bottom surface in compartment is very near far from ground, and for example, 5 centimetres to 30 centimetres, this makes some handicapped personages can enter relatively easily compartment.And, in the time running into some emergency situations, not needing the special station of building, the vehicle that vehicle according to the invention is transported or passenger can easily leave arrival ground, compartment, and this safety for support personnel and/or vehicle is highly beneficial.
The above-described specific embodiment; object of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect are further described; institute is understood that; the foregoing is only the specific embodiment of the present invention; the protection domain being not intended to limit the present invention; within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any modification of making, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a vehicle, it comprises brake system, power system, it is characterized in that, described vehicle also comprises:
Compartment, it comprises Bi Heyou compartment, left compartment wall, and described compartment is used for holding people or thing;
Left side brackets, it is positioned at the left side of described left compartment wall and is connected with described left compartment wall by least one sinistral hoist structure, makes described compartment along this left side brackets lifting;
Right side support, it is positioned at the right side of described right compartment wall and is connected with described right compartment wall by least one dextral hoist structure, makes the Yan Gai right side support lifting of described compartment;
At least one left side traveling portion, is provided with described left side brackets on it; And
At least one right side traveling portion, is provided with described right side support on it;
Wherein, described power system is used for driving described at least one left side traveling portion and described at least one right side traveling portion, and described brake system is braked described at least one left side traveling portion and described at least one right side traveling portion,
Wherein, each in described at least one left side traveling portion and described at least one right side traveling portion includes:
Walking frame; And
Be installed at least two wheels of described walking frame, make described vehicle be suitable for travelling on road surface;
Wherein, it is inverted U-shaped that described vehicle is on travel direction, to allow other vehicle to pass through from below, described compartment.
2. vehicle as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described vehicle also comprises:
Control loop, it is for controlling the direction of described vehicle, and in the time being equipped with magnetic track nail on the road of described Vehicle Driving Cycle, described control loop utilizes the travel direction of vehicle described in magnetic markers navigation control.
3. vehicle as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that,
Each in described at least one sinistral hoist structure and described at least one dextral hoist structure is one of gear-rack type lifter structure, pulley-type lifting mechanism, chain-type lifting mechanism, screw rod type lifter structure, sleeve-type lifting mechanism, scissor-type lifting mechanism and folding-jib lifting mechanism.
4. vehicle as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described vehicle also comprises:
Monitor, whether its below for the front, top, rear, left and right-hand and the described compartment that monitor described vehicle there is object, and when monitoring while there is object, for detection of the height of this object, speed with apart from least one in the distance of described vehicle
Wherein, described at least one lifting mechanism is according to the supervision result of described detector and/or testing result work.
5. vehicle as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that,
Adjust the height in described compartment by described at least one sinistral hoist structure and described at least one dextral hoist structure, make the bottom surface in described compartment and the distance on ground be more than or equal to 2 meters, and make the vertex of described vehicle and the distance on ground be less than or equal to 4.5 meters, and
Minimum horizontal distance between described at least one left side traveling portion and described at least one right side traveling portion and the minimum horizontal distance between described left side brackets and described right side support are all more than or equal to 2.5 meters, or be all more than or equal to 5 meters, or be all more than or equal to 7.5 meters.
6. vehicle as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that,
In the time making described compartment drop to nadir by described at least one sinistral hoist structure and described at least one dextral hoist structure, the bottom surface in described compartment is 5 centimetres to 30 centimetres far from the distance on ground,
Minor increment between Bi Heyou compartment, left compartment wall in described compartment is more than or equal to 2 meters, or is more than or equal to 4.5 meters, or is more than or equal to 7 meters.
7. vehicle as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that,
In Bi Heyou compartment, the left compartment wall in described compartment one of be at least provided with at least one door so that passenger comes in and goes out described compartment.
8. vehicle as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that,
Described compartment comprises front compartment wall and trunk wall, in described front compartment wall and described trunk wall, one of is at least provided with opening so that other vehicle sails and roll away from described compartment into.
9. vehicle as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described compartment is provided with bont, for when described Vehicle Driving Cycle is to object when top, by bont, described object is promoted described car bottom, or rises in described compartment, or rise to described car body top; Described bont comprises following at least one: mechanical arm, hanging basket, suspension hook and claw hook.
10. vehicle as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that,
At least one end in the rear and front end in described compartment is provided with traffic signal lamp, to indicate whether allowing described other vehicle to enter under described compartment to other vehicle at described vehicle front and/or rear.
CN201410099521.7A 2014-03-18 2014-03-18 Vehicle Pending CN103818494A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105818714A (en) * 2015-01-08 2016-08-03 台州市华灵电工设备有限公司 Overhauling take-up machine device for electrified railway overhead line system
CN110001563A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-07-12 江苏大学 A kind of lorry side protection device and its Automatic adjustment method
CN111409739A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-14 新石器慧通(北京)科技有限公司 Unmanned vehicle comprising laser radar with telescopic mounting structure

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US20070256588A1 (en) * 2004-07-16 2007-11-08 Costa Luiz Augusto De Siqueira Monorial Vehicle
CN201419704Y (en) * 2009-06-26 2010-03-10 宋有洲 Wide-body high-frame trolley bus
CN203293849U (en) * 2013-03-25 2013-11-20 江苏大学 High-ground-clearance self-propelled chassis with adjustable ground clearance
CN203793414U (en) * 2014-03-18 2014-08-27 张迪 Vehicle

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2463313Y (en) * 2001-01-05 2001-12-05 师万清 Passenger ferry lifting push for use in airport
US20070256588A1 (en) * 2004-07-16 2007-11-08 Costa Luiz Augusto De Siqueira Monorial Vehicle
CN201419704Y (en) * 2009-06-26 2010-03-10 宋有洲 Wide-body high-frame trolley bus
CN203293849U (en) * 2013-03-25 2013-11-20 江苏大学 High-ground-clearance self-propelled chassis with adjustable ground clearance
CN203793414U (en) * 2014-03-18 2014-08-27 张迪 Vehicle

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105818714A (en) * 2015-01-08 2016-08-03 台州市华灵电工设备有限公司 Overhauling take-up machine device for electrified railway overhead line system
CN110001563A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-07-12 江苏大学 A kind of lorry side protection device and its Automatic adjustment method
CN111409739A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-14 新石器慧通(北京)科技有限公司 Unmanned vehicle comprising laser radar with telescopic mounting structure

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Application publication date: 20140528