CN103818238A - Transmission-motor-assembly - Google Patents

Transmission-motor-assembly Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103818238A
CN103818238A CN201310573802.7A CN201310573802A CN103818238A CN 103818238 A CN103818238 A CN 103818238A CN 201310573802 A CN201310573802 A CN 201310573802A CN 103818238 A CN103818238 A CN 103818238A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
change
speed box
gear
assembly
driver
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310573802.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
W·哈斯
M·福内姆
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Schaeffler Technologies AG and Co KG
Original Assignee
Schaeffler Technologies AG and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102012220897.6 priority Critical
Priority to DE102012220897 priority
Application filed by Schaeffler Technologies AG and Co KG filed Critical Schaeffler Technologies AG and Co KG
Publication of CN103818238A publication Critical patent/CN103818238A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/36Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the transmission gearings
    • B60K6/365Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the transmission gearings with the gears having orbital motion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K5/00Arrangement or mounting of internal-combustion or jet-propulsion units
    • B60K5/08Arrangement or mounting of internal-combustion or jet-propulsion units comprising more than one engine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/24Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the combustion engines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/42Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by the architecture of the hybrid electric vehicle
    • B60K6/48Parallel type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/50Architecture of the driveline characterised by arrangement or kind of transmission units
    • B60K6/54Transmission for changing ratio
    • B60K6/547Transmission for changing ratio the transmission being a stepped gearing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/62Hybrid vehicles

Abstract

The present invention relates to a transmission-motor-assembly having at least two drive units capable of operating independently through sub-transmissions. The present invention is characterized in that at least one of the sub-transmissions comprises at least one planetary transmission group.

Description

Change-speed box-driving engine-assembly
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly with at least two driver elements that can move independently of one another by point change-speed box.
Background technology
In German laid-open document DE 10 2,010 022 751 A1, disclose a kind of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly with two driver elements that can move independently of one another and a dual-clutch transmission, this dual-clutch transmission has two input shafts and a common transmission output shaft.A kind of vehicle drive unit having with the change-speed box engine pack of two driver elements that can move is independently of one another disclosed in German laid-open document DE 10 2,010 025 454 A1, wherein, correspondingly in described driver element divides a transmission system with a formation in described gearbox unit, and wherein, between driver element and gearbox unit, in point transmission system inside, a clutch equipment is respectively set.A kind of method that discloses transmission system for controlling machine motor-car in German laid-open document DE 10 2,010 049 931 A1, this transmission system has automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter, clutch equipment, combustion engine and electrical motor.
Summary of the invention
Task of the present invention is, realizes a kind ofly according to the change-speed box-driving engine-assembly of the preamble of claim 1, and this change-speed box-driving engine-assembly is constructed simply and/or can be manufactured inexpensively.
Task of the present invention, have at least two can be by the change-speed box-driving engine-assembly of the driver elements of point change-speed box operation independent of one another in, solve in this way, at least one in described point change-speed box comprises at least one planetary gearbox group.Planetary gearbox group for example comprises a sun wheel, and this sun wheel is by planetary wheel and hollow wheel gear coupling.Planetary wheel is rotatably installed on planetary gear carrier.Within the scope of the invention, the characteristic of planetary gearbox is fully utilized, and to realize by three of planetary gearbox group possible importations or output, power separates or possible power is added.In addition,, by using planetary gearbox group, in the case of high as far as possible gear number and high change-speed box classification (Getriebespreizung), can realize compact design mode.In addition, by using the least possible parts can make manufacturing expense be reduced to a minimum.Driver element is preferably embodied as combustion engine, especially less combustion engine.
The preferred embodiment of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly is characterised in that, divides a change-speed box to comprise respectively at least one planetary gearbox group.Alternatively, at least one in described point of change-speed box, at least in part, is embodied as spur gear change-speed box, especially has the spur gear change-speed box of intermediate gear.But two points of change-speed boxs also can be implemented completely in the situation that there is no spur gear level.
Another preferred embodiment of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly is characterised in that, divides a change-speed box to comprise respectively a La Weina group (Ravigneaux-Satz).At this advantageously, each La Weina group can, only for the torque of a driver element, namely design for the half of total torque.Thus, can further reduce manufacturing expense.In addition, by using two La Weina groups can realize the reverse gear for two driver elements.Not only in service with a driver element only of the change-speed box-driving engine-assembly with two La Weina group, and can load gearshift with the in service complete of two driver elements.Thus, can avoid undesirably reducing or interrupting tractive force.
Another preferred embodiment of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly is characterised in that, makes to have the torque gear being added and the gear combination with rotating speed addition by least one planetary gearbox group.Particularly advantageously, by using at least one planetary gearbox group, multiple axles can be used in power input.Therefore, can directly in point change-speed box, realize the power addition of each driver element.The gear that the gear being added by combined torque and rotating speed are added, planetary gearbox group can repeatedly be used, thereby utilizes existing gear to draw additional gear.Therefore the gear stage, needing or the quantity of compound planet gear can be optimised.
Another preferred embodiment of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly is characterised in that, is embodied as main gearbox and comprises two single planetary gear change-speed box groups to a point change-speed box for the first driver element configuration, and described two single planetary gear change-speed box groups intercouple.Single planetary gear change-speed box group comprises respectively a hollow wheel gear, a sun wheel and multiple planetary wheel, and described planetary wheel is rotatably installed on planetary gear carrier.According to an embodiment, the hollow wheel gear coupling of the planetary gear carrier of the first planetary gearbox group and the second planetary gearbox group.According to another embodiment, the planetary gear carrier of two planetary gearbox groups can intercouple.
Another preferred embodiment of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly is characterised in that, puts drg and power-transfer clutch or configure respectively at least one drg and a power-transfer clutch to multiple planetary gearbox groups to planetary gearbox assembly.Described drg and power-transfer clutch in known manner with method for braking the parts that arrange of planetary gearbox group or for being connected without relative rotation with transmission assembly, as axle.
Another preferred embodiment of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly is characterised in that, is embodied as intermediate gear change-speed box to a point change-speed box for the second driver element configuration.Advantageously, intermediate gear change-speed box is embodied as pure gear transmission.Intermediate gear is can relative cost cheaply manufactured, because it only need determine size for the torque of in described driver element and the torque of mixing-electrical motor if desired.
Another preferred embodiment of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly is characterised in that, has the effective power-transfer clutch of flywheel (Schwungnutzkupplung) of motor to a driver element or described the second driver element configuration.Configure traditional starter can to the first driver element.Can realize fast speed, comfortable starting to the effective power-transfer clutch of the flywheel with motor of the second driver element configuration, this starting can realize and reconnect the second driver element.Replace the effective power-transfer clutch of flywheel and also can use the starter generator for higher torque design.
Another preferred embodiment of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly is characterised in that, gives an only motor of two driver element configurations.Advantageously, two driver elements are by only the starting of motor, especially a starter generator can be by arranging gear realization in point change-speed box.
In addition, the present invention relates to the power distribution change-speed box (Summiergetriebe) for previously described change-speed box-driving engine-assembly.In this power distribution change-speed box, make two points of change-speed box combinations.Advantageously, two driver elements can directly be connected on power distribution change-speed box by flange.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Other advantages of the present invention, feature and details draw from following explanation, wherein, describe different embodiment in detail with reference to accompanying drawing.Accompanying drawing illustrates:
The power distribution change-speed box with intermediate gear of Fig. 1 on planetary gearbox basis;
Fig. 2 and the power distribution change-speed box similarly in five gear-embodiments in Fig. 1 with common starter generator;
The power distribution change-speed box of Fig. 3 on the basis of two La Weina groups;
Fig. 4 has a single planetary gear change-speed box group and two power distribution change-speed boxs with the intermediate gear change-speed box of spur gear scheme implementation; With
Fig. 5 is according to the power distribution change-speed box with intermediate gear on planetary gearbox basis of another embodiment.
The specific embodiment
In Fig. 1 to 5, simplify and illustrate that five according to change-speed box-driving engine-assembly 11 to 15 of the present invention.Described change-speed box-driving engine-assembly 11 to 15 comprises respectively the first driver element 21 and the second driver element 22.Two driver elements 21,22 are embodied as the combustion engine respectively with bent axle 25,26.
Change-speed box-driving engine-assembly 11 to 15 is designed in passenger carrying vehicle.By being embodied as the autotelic miniaturization of driver element 21,22 of combustion engine, with respect to traditional driver element, for example, in four cylinders-make, can realize significant use advantage.
Two driver elements 21,22 can move independently of one another, for example, in German laid-open document DE 10 2,010 022 751 A1, DE 10 2,010 025 454 A1 that mention in beginning and DE 10 2,010 049 931 A1, describe.
Two driver elements 21,22 preferably relate to two less combustion engines, and described combustion engine can operation independently of one another in passenger carrying vehicle.Can be by power distribution change-speed box and diff 28 separately or one be used from driving passenger carrying vehicle in the situation that two combustion engines 21,22 connecting two power-transfer clutchs 31,32 in centre.
Change-speed box-driving engine-assembly 11 shown in Figure 1 comprises first point of change-speed box 40, and this point of change-speed box configures to the first driver element 21 and be embodied as main gearbox.This main gearbox 40 is made up of two single planetary gear change-speed box groups 41,42.Planetary gearbox group 41 and 42 comprises respectively sun wheel, hollow wheel gear and multiple planetary wheel, and described planetary wheel is rotatably installed on planetary gear carrier.Between two planetary gearbox group 41,42 planetary gear carriers in the first planetary gearbox group 41 and the hollow wheel gear of the second planetary gearbox group 42, intercouple.
The bent axle of the first combustion engine 21 is first directly connected with the sun wheel of the first planetary gearbox group 41.Power output realizes by the planetary gear carrier of the second planetary gearbox group 42, and this planetary gearbox group is connected with diff 28 by spur gear level 44.
In addition, to planetary gearbox group 41,42 arrangement brake device B1, B2 and power-transfer clutch K1, K2 respectively.Can first four gears be shown with the assembly illustrating by connecting in combination power-transfer clutch K1, K2 and drg B1, B2, that is, and gear 1,2 and 4,5.
For this reason, the connection design requiring shown in following table 1.
Table 1
? Explanation K1 B1 K2 B2
1 grade ∑ M is on S1 × ×
2 grades ∑ M is on S1 × ×
3 grades ∑ M is on S2 × ×
4 grades ∑ M is on S1 × ×
5 grades ∑ M is on S1 × ×
6 grades ∑ M is on S2 ×
In table 1, alphabetical S delegated path.Show the coupling between the planetary gear carrier of the first planetary gearbox group 41 and the hollow wheel gear of the second planetary gearbox group 42 by path 1.Show second planetary gear carrier of planetary gearbox group 42 and the coupling of hunting gear by path 2.
Four gears 1,2 and 4,5 are for the operation with driver element 21.Therefore, can be implemented to the speed of about 120 to 140 kilometers by driver element or combustion engine 21.
The connection of the second combustion engine 22 realizes by intermediate gear change-speed box 45, and this intermediate gear change-speed box is second point of change-speed box of power distribution change-speed box shown in Figure 1.Intermediate gear change-speed box 45 is embodied as has change-speed box level i v, i r, i v3and i v6spur gear change-speed box.Intermediate gear is can relative cost cheaply manufactured, because only must determine the size of described intermediate gear for the second combustion engine 32 and the torque of mixing-electrical motor if desired.In gear 1,2,4 and 5, the second combustion engine 22 is by level i vdirect effect is on the sun wheel of the first planetary gearbox group 41.The torque realizing in described gear in the sun wheel of the first planetary gearbox group 41 is added.
Realize hand of rotation by intermediate gear stages reverse.Therefore, rotate 180 degree although be arranged in the combustion engine 22 on the right in Fig. 1, can apply two combustion engines 21,22 with identical hand of rotation.Therefore, two driver elements 21,22 can be identical.Can according to circumstances make torque and then operational power is doubled by switching on or off the second combustion engine 22.
Now, in servicely can design two other gear levels twin-engined.For this reason, first, intermediate gear must be connected to gear level i v3or i v6in.Now, in main gearbox 40, the torque of the second combustion engine 22 is no longer directed in the sun wheel of the first planetary gearbox group 41, but is directed in the sun wheel of the second planetary gearbox group 42.The rotating speed of realizing in the second planetary gearbox group 42 by this connection is added.Therefore, in the 6th gear, can realize terminal velocity completely.This gear stage also needs to have two driving engines, because for the power of a driving engine only, under this speed, resistance to motion is too large.Draw other additional gear by gear 3, this gear improve in medium speed region at twin-engined operating acceleration/accels.
Because driving engine 21 is always in operation,, can utilize traditional starter 47 to work in addition here.But must realize fast speed, comfortable starting for the second combustion engine 22, this starting can quick-make the second combustion engine 22.Therefore, have in outside motor or the effective power-transfer clutch of the flywheel in outside electrical motor 48 to the second driver element 22 configurations.Alternatively, the starting of the second driver element 22 directly realizes by the starter generator with higher torque.
In embodiment shown in Figure 1, reverse gear forms in intermediate gear.Therefore, the first combustion engine 21 can be not used in reverse gear.In the time of heavy grade, for reverse gear, the not enough torque of travelling can be supplied by motor 48.This will note in the time of definite motor 48 size.
Change-speed box-driving engine-assembly 12 is similar to change-speed box-driving engine-assembly 11 shown in Figure 1 shown in figure 2.In order to show that same or analogous part is used identical Reference numeral.Be different from Fig. 1, in Fig. 2, save intermediate gear i v3.Thus, can realize only five gears by the change-speed box-driving engine-assembly 12 in Fig. 2.But, can be designed more in phase for the gear classification of monomotor operation, because do not need higher gear to jump between gear 2 and gear 4 for this reason.Therefore, although total possible classification has reduced a bit, but draw level jump unified between each gear.
In addition, show independently motor 50 with speed changer structure in Fig. 2, advantageously, this motor can be applied as the starter of two driver elements or combustion engine 21,22.The starting by motor or starter generator 50 of two combustion engines 21,22 by arranging gear and arranging that in the second combustion engine 22 power-transfer clutch 32 realizes in spur gear change-speed box 45.In order to start the first combustion engine 21, open power-transfer clutch K1 and drg B1 and closed power-transfer clutch K2 and drg B2, that is to say in vehicle stationary state.Closed power-transfer clutch K2 and drg B2 guarantee do not have pull-up torque to be delivered on hunting gear in the time of starting the first combustion engine 21.
The connection of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly 12 design table in Fig. 2 shown in following table 2.
Table 2
? K1 B1 K2 B2
1 grade × ×
2 grades × ×
3 grades × ×
4 grades × ×
5 grades ×
In the time of starting driver element 21, this driver element is also referred to as combustion engine 1VKM1, and power-transfer clutch 32 is opened, and this power-transfer clutch is also referred to as power-transfer clutch K vKM2, and power-transfer clutch 31 closures, this power-transfer clutch is also referred to as power-transfer clutch K vKM1.Intermediate gear gear equals one.Power-transfer clutch K1 and drg B1 open.Power-transfer clutch K2 and drg B2 closure.
In the time of starting driver element 22, this driver element is also referred to as combustion engine 2VKM2, power-transfer clutch 32 closures, and this power-transfer clutch is also referred to as K vKM2.Intermediate gear is in neutral position.
Change-speed box-driving engine-assembly 13 shown in Figure 3 does not comprise spur gear level, and comprises two La Weina groups 51,52.Power-transfer clutch 31 is organized 51 power-transfer clutch K1 and K2 and K3 combination with La Weina, and this La Weina group also comprises drg B1 and B2.Power-transfer clutch 32 and power-transfer clutch K1 and the K2 combination of configuration to La Weina group 52, this La Weina group yet comprises drg B1 and B2.
Following table 3 provides the power-transfer clutch of each gear and the necessary connection location of drg.At this, La Weina group 51,52 is respectively a point change-speed box, and this point of change-speed box configures to one in described driver element 21,22.
Table 3
? K1 B1 K3 K2 B2
1 grade × ×
2 grades × ×
3 grades × ×
4 grades × ×
5 grades × ×
The advantage of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly 13 shown in Figure 3 is, each La Weina group 51,52 is only for the torque of a driver element 21,22, the namely half design of total torque.This reduces the essential expense of each compound planet gear again.By application La Weina group 51,52, reverse gear can be for two driver elements 21,22., relate to the structure similar or similar to traditional automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter here, this system is not only in monomotor operation but also twin-engined complete can load gearshifts in service.Thus, can not reduce or interrupt tractive force.
In change-speed box-driving engine-assembly 14 shown in Figure 4, power distribution change-speed box comprises two points of change-speed boxs 61,62.Two points of change-speed boxs 61,62 are embodied as spur gear change-speed box and combine with single planetary gear change-speed box group 64.The combustion engine 21 that is arranged in the left side in Fig. 4 is connected with the sun wheel of planetary gearbox group 64 by the gear 1 to 3 of spur gear change-speed box 61.First, the hollow wheel gear of planetary gearbox group 64 is by the drg locking of attaching troops to a unit, thereby planetary gearbox group 64 works as gear stage.The combustion engine 22 that is arranged in the right in Fig. 4 can be added and be connected in these gears by 1:1 level and the longitudinal axis 65 torques.Therefore, in Fig. 4, be arranged in the spur gear change-speed box 61 on the left side according to the full torque design of two driving engines 21,22.The spur gear change-speed box 62 that is arranged in the right in Fig. 4 is embodied as intermediate gear change-speed box and only determines size according to the part torque of the driver element 22 that is arranged in the right in Fig. 4.
If the releasing of brake in planetary gearbox group 64 can produce another gear in planetary gearbox group 64.Now, the driver element 22 that is arranged in the right in Fig. 4 is connected with the hollow wheel gear of planetary gearbox group 64 by the second intermediate gear stages and realizes the rotating speed addition in planetary gearbox group 64, therefore, draws fourth speed position.
Change-speed box-driving engine-assembly 15 shown in Figure 5 is substantially distinguished and is with respect to change-speed box-driving engine-assembly shown in Figure 1 11, and two the planetary gearbox groups 41,42 that are arranged in point change-speed box 71 on the left side in Fig. 5 intercouple by their planetary gear carrier by means of clutch equipment 70.Power output realizes by the hollow wheel gear of the second planetary gearbox group 42.A point change-speed box 72 that is arranged in the right in Fig. 5 is embodied as intermediate gear.
Following table 4 provides the power-transfer clutch of gear 1 to 5 and the necessary connection location of drg of change-speed box-driving engine-assembly shown in Figure 5 15.
Table 4
? K1 B1 K2 B2
1 grade × ×
2 grades × ×
3 grades ×
4 grades × ×
5 grades ×
Reference numerals list
11 change-speed boxs-driving engine-assembly
12 change-speed boxs-driving engine-assembly
13 change-speed boxs-driving engine-assembly
14 change-speed boxs-driving engine-assembly
15 change-speed boxs-driving engine-assembly
21 first driver elements
22 second driver elements
25 bent axles
26 bent axles
28 difies
31 firsts clutch
32 second clutch
40 main gearboxs=> divides change-speed box
41 planetary gearbox groups
42 planetary gearbox groups
44 spur gear levels
45 intermediate gear change-speed boxs
47 starters
48 motors
50 motors
51 La Weina groups
52 La Weina groups
61 points of change-speed boxs
62 points of change-speed boxs
64 planetary gearbox groups
65 longitudinal axis
70 clutch equipment
71 points of change-speed boxs
72 points of change-speed boxs

Claims (10)

1. change-speed box-driving engine-assembly, having at least two can be by a point change-speed box (40,45; 51,52; 61,62; 71,72) driver element of separate operation (21,22), is characterized in that, described point of change-speed box (40,45; 51,52; 61,62; 71,72) at least one in comprises at least one planetary gearbox group (41,42; 64).
2. change-speed box-driving engine-assembly according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described point of change-speed box (40,45) comprises respectively at least one planetary gearbox group (41,42).
3. according to the change-speed box-driving engine-assembly described in any one in the claims, it is characterized in that, described point of change-speed box (51,52) comprises respectively a La Weina group.
4. according to the change-speed box-driving engine-assembly described in any one in the claims, it is characterized in that, make to have the torque gear being added and the gear combination with rotating speed addition by described at least one planetary gearbox group (51,52).
5. according to the change-speed box-driving engine-assembly described in any one in the claims, it is characterized in that, be embodied as main gearbox and comprise two single planetary gear change-speed box groups (41 to a point change-speed box (40) for the first driver element (21) configuration, 42), described two single planetary gear change-speed box groups intercouple.
6. according to the change-speed box-driving engine-assembly described in any one in the claims, it is characterized in that, put drg and power-transfer clutch or to described planetary gearbox group (41,42 to described planetary gearbox assembly; 64) configure respectively at least one drg (B) and power-transfer clutch (K).
7. according to the change-speed box-driving engine-assembly described in any one in the claims, it is characterized in that, be embodied as intermediate gear change-speed box to a point change-speed box (45) for the second driver element (22) configuration.
8. according to the change-speed box-driving engine-assembly described in any one in the claims, it is characterized in that, there is the effective power-transfer clutch of flywheel of motor (48) to a driver element or described the second driver element (22) configuration.
9. according to the change-speed box-driving engine-assembly described in any one in the claims, it is characterized in that, give an only motor (50) of two driver elements (21,22) configuration.
10. one kind for according to the power distribution change-speed box of the change-speed box-driving engine-assembly of the claims any one (11-15).
CN201310573802.7A 2012-11-15 2013-11-15 Transmission-motor-assembly Pending CN103818238A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102012220897.6 2012-11-15
DE102012220897 2012-11-15

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103818238A true CN103818238A (en) 2014-05-28

Family

ID=50556043

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310573802.7A Pending CN103818238A (en) 2012-11-15 2013-11-15 Transmission-motor-assembly

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103818238A (en)
DE (1) DE102013221912A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107206881A (en) * 2015-01-15 2017-09-26 奥迪股份公司 Driving equipment and motor vehicle for motor vehicle

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102015224805A1 (en) 2015-12-10 2017-06-14 Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG Hybrid powertrain with multiple drive components
DE102017201431B3 (en) 2017-01-30 2018-05-30 Audi Ag Drive device for a hybrid-powered motor vehicle

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2041638U (en) * 1988-07-25 1989-07-26 周大觉 Dual motive power device for dual engine automobile
CN1294992A (en) * 1999-11-09 2001-05-16 现代自动车株式会社 Automatic variable-speed drive system
CN101654061A (en) * 2009-09-08 2010-02-24 中国农业大学 Dual power driven walking mechanism
CN102275493A (en) * 2011-06-09 2011-12-14 上海三一科技有限公司 Dynamical system with two engines and crane comprising dynamical system
CN202080112U (en) * 2010-11-03 2011-12-21 薛殿伦 Multi-power supply coupling transmission system
WO2011158577A1 (en) * 2010-06-15 2011-12-22 本田技研工業株式会社 Automobile driving system
CN102361770A (en) * 2009-03-31 2012-02-22 爱信艾达株式会社 Hybrid drive system

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011012101A2 (en) 2009-07-28 2011-02-03 Schaeffler Technologies Gmbh & Co. Kg Vehicle drive
DE102010049931A1 (en) 2009-11-12 2011-05-19 Schaeffler Technologies Gmbh & Co. Kg Method for controlling drive train of motor vehicle, involves predetermining reference coupling moment, and detecting whether predetermined reference coupling moment is transferred completely by coupling unit

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2041638U (en) * 1988-07-25 1989-07-26 周大觉 Dual motive power device for dual engine automobile
CN1294992A (en) * 1999-11-09 2001-05-16 现代自动车株式会社 Automatic variable-speed drive system
CN102361770A (en) * 2009-03-31 2012-02-22 爱信艾达株式会社 Hybrid drive system
CN101654061A (en) * 2009-09-08 2010-02-24 中国农业大学 Dual power driven walking mechanism
WO2011158577A1 (en) * 2010-06-15 2011-12-22 本田技研工業株式会社 Automobile driving system
CN202080112U (en) * 2010-11-03 2011-12-21 薛殿伦 Multi-power supply coupling transmission system
CN102275493A (en) * 2011-06-09 2011-12-14 上海三一科技有限公司 Dynamical system with two engines and crane comprising dynamical system

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
W.BETEZ UND K.-H. KUTTNER 著 张维 张淑英等译: "《Dubbel 机械工程手册》", 30 June 1991, 清华大学出版社 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107206881A (en) * 2015-01-15 2017-09-26 奥迪股份公司 Driving equipment and motor vehicle for motor vehicle
CN107206881B (en) * 2015-01-15 2019-09-13 奥迪股份公司 Driving equipment and motor vehicle for motor vehicle
US10703200B2 (en) 2015-01-15 2020-07-07 Audi Ag Drive device for a motor vehicle and motor vehicle

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE102013221912A1 (en) 2014-05-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7972237B2 (en) Gear train unit with motor generator
US9579966B2 (en) Hybrid powertrain for a motor vehicle, hybrid vehicle, and use thereof
US8313401B2 (en) Transmission for hybrid vehicle
CN102089551B (en) Hybrid drive train of a motor vehicle
US8460142B2 (en) Electrically-variable transmission
US8435147B2 (en) Transmission for hybrid vehicle
US9701187B2 (en) Drive device for a vehicle and vehicle comprising the drive device
CN105431317A (en) Hybrid drive of a motor vehicle and method for controlling same
CN103912640A (en) Automatic two-gear transmission for electric vehicles
EP3552856B1 (en) Horizontal drive assembly of dual power source vehicle
US8317648B2 (en) Single mode compound power-split hybrid transmission
CN108297671A (en) Two grades of parallel-axis type double electric machine double row planetary gear hybrid power systems
US11117459B2 (en) Hybrid drivetrain for a hybrid motor vehicle
CN103402804A (en) Gearbox unit
US20200148054A1 (en) Hybrid drivetrain for a hybrid motor vehicle
CN104648117A (en) Hybrid power train for vehicles
US20190016215A1 (en) Vehicle driving assembly with transversely placed single power source
CN104890495A (en) Dual-clutch planetary petrol-electric hybrid dual-mode hybrid power system
CN107580662A (en) Speed changer for motor vehicle and the hybrid powertrain with the speed changer
CN105128648A (en) Fixed-shaft type hybrid power transmission for integrated drive motor
CN103818238A (en) Transmission-motor-assembly
EP3812617B1 (en) Transmission, power drive system, and vehicle
CN112224007B (en) Special multi-mode hybrid transmission
CN111655525A (en) Hybrid transmission and vehicle
CN105793085A (en) Transmission, hybrid drivetrain and drivetrain for an electric vehicle

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20140528